On This Day

On This Day in History for June 20

Events in History

  • 451 Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France
  • 1212 French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo
  • 1214 The University of Oxford receives its charter
  • 1530 German Parliament joins to Augsburg together
  • 1567 Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique
  • 1582 Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 1591 Mauritius and Willem van Nassau occupy Devente
  • 1627 Ottoman pirates begin raids on Icelandic villages, will eventually capture over 400 people to sell into slavery
  • 1631 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates
  • 1632 Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
  • 1633 Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore
  • 1656 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1675 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag Native Americans form anti-English front under Metacom
  • 1756 Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian civilians are imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die from suffocation and heat exhaustion
  • 1756 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1779 Battle of Stono Ferry fought near Charleston, South Carolina (American Revolutionary War)

  • 1782 Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America and the bald eagle as its symbol
  • 1787 Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States
  • 1789 Tennis Court Oath (for a new constitution) in France made at Versailles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 King Louis XVI and the French royal family are caught during an attempt to flee Paris during the French Revolution, severely undermining their credibility

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1819 320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • 1825 Coronation of Charles X, the last Bourbon King of France
  • 1826 Siam and Britain sign trade and peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She rules for 63 years till 1901

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria

InventionHistoric Invention

1840 Samuel Morse patents his telegraph

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse
  • 1855 Commissioners appointed to lay out San Francisco streets west of Larkin
  • 1862 Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated
  • 1863 1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Greencastle, Pennsylvania
  • 1863 West Virginia admitted as 35th US state of the Union
  • 1864 Battle of Kinston, North Carolina and Battle of Abingdon, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs, Georgia
  • 1866 Italy declares war on Austria beginning the Third Italian War of Independence

Treaty of InterestAlaska Purchase

1867 US President Andrew Johnson announces the Alaska Purchase
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The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
The check used by the United States to purchase Alaska at less than 2 cents an acre
  • 1871 Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Mississippi
  • 1874 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)

  • 1888 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas

MurderMurder of Interest

1893 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • 1895 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • 1895 Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • 1900 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • 1900 Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route
  • 1901 Charlotte Maxeke becomes the first native African to graduate from a US college (Wilberforce University in Ohio)
  • 1907 1st Portland Rose festival held in Portland, Oregon
  • 1909 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)
  • 1911 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) incorporates (NY)
  • 1912 NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice)
  • 1913 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • 1913 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • 1915 German offensive in Argonne
  • 1919 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • 1919 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
  • 1919 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • 1921 11.5" (29.2 cm) of rainfall, Circle, Montana (state record)
  • 1921 At the Imperial Conference in London, V.S. Srinivasa Sastri puts forward a case for the granting of full citizenship rights to Indians in South Africa and other British colonies
  • 1926 Mordecai W Johnson becomes 1st black president of Howard University
  • 1931 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • 1932 A's Roger Cramer gets 6 consecutive hits in a game (repeats in 1935)
  • 1939 Test flight of 1st rocket plane using liquid propellants
  • 1941 German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1942 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
  • 1942 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • 1943 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • 1943 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • 1943 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1943 Chubb Crater (now called Pingualuit Crater) discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km diameter)
  • 1944 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1944 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • 1944 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • 1944 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • 1944 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • 1946 NYC transit begins using PA system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act
  • 1948 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • 1948 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • 1948 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • 1949 Central Intelligence Agency Act passes
  • 1950 Dutch Air Force base Tjililitan given to Indonesia
  • 1956 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed
  • 1958 NZ all out 47 v England at Lord's, Laker 4-13, Lock 5-17
  • 1960 Federation of Mali and Senegal become independent of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 "The Huckleberry Hound Show" by Hanna-Barbera becomes the first animated programme to win an Emmy

Animator Joseph Barbera
Animator
Joseph Barbera
Animator William Hanna
Animator
William Hanna
  • 1963 US & USSR agree to set up "Hot Line"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Sheila Scott completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman

Aviator Sheila Scott
Aviator
Sheila Scott
  • 1967 Mohammed Ali [Cassius Clay] sentenced to 5 years by jury after 21 minutes of deliberation for refusing to be inducted into the armed forces during the Vietnam War
  • 1968 Austin Currie, then Nationalist Member of Parliament (MP) at Stormont, and other Irish civil rights activists, protest discrimination in the allocation of housing by 'squatting' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Georges Pompidou sworn in as President of France

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1969 A constitutional referendum in Rhodesia on declaring a republic is approved by 72% of the voting population

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 British government of Edward Heath forms (with Margaret Thatcher in the Cabinet)

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1970 Oriole's Brooks Robinson get his 2,000 career hit, a 3 run HR
  • 1972 Secret Meeting Between IRA and British Officials held

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Juan Perón returns from exile to Argentina after 18 years

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1973 Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fire upon left-wing Peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 are injured
  • 1976 Carol Fugate, Starkweather accomplice, is paroled

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Menachem Begin forms Israeli government

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1977 Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez
  • 1981 Mudjahedin uprises against Iran regime

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 55 days for infection

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1982 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin arrives in Washington
  • 1983 Iran moves into northern Iraq (casualties top 13,800 in ten days)

Birthdays in History

  • 236 BC Scipio Africanus, Roman statesman and general of the Second Punic War, born in Rome, Italia, Roman Republic (d. 183 BC)
  • 1005 Ali az-Zahir, 7th Caliph of the Fātimids (1021-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1036)
  • 1389 John Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Bedford, English prince, general (Hundred Years’ War) and statesman, born in Kenilworth, England (d. 1435)

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

1566 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • 1583 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (1st Governor-General of Swedish Livonia), born in Reval (Tallinn), Swedish Estonia (d. 1652)
  • 1634 Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1675)
  • 1642 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), born in Newsham, Thirsk, Yorkshire (d. 1715)
  • 1647 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1691)
  • 1674 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and playwright (Tamerlane), Poet Laureate (1715-18), born in Little Barford, Bedfordshire (d. 1718)
  • 1694 Hans Adolph Brorson, Danish Pietist bishop, born in Randerup, Denmark (d. 1764)
  • 1717 Jacques Saly, French sculptor, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1776)
  • 1723 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist and historian, born in Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1816)
  • 1723 Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian and clergyman, born in Middlewich, Cheshire (d. 1808)
  • 1733 Betty Washington, younger sister of George Washington, born in Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginia (d. 1797)
  • 1737 Tokugawa Ieharu, tenth shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan (1760 to 1786), born in Edo, Japan (d. 1786)

Person of interestWolfe Tone

1763 Wolfe Tone, Irish republican and revolutionary figure (United Irishmen), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1798)

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • 1770 Moses Waddel, American educator, minister and bestselling author (Memoirs of the Life of Miss Caroline Elizabeth Smelt), born in Rowan County, North Carolina (d. 1840)
  • 1771 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist, born in St Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland (d. 1820)
  • 1786 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (Bouquets et prières), born in Douai, France (d. 1859)
  • 1808 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German Orthodox rabbi and intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism, born in Hamburg, French Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1823 Jesse Lee Reno, American Major General (Union Army), born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 1862)
  • 1824 George Edmund Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)
  • 1824 John Tyler Morgan, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Athens, Tennessee (d. 1907)
  • 1833 Léon Bonnat, French painter, born in Bayonne, France (d. 1922)
  • 1858 Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (portraits), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1928)
  • 1858 Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (The Conjure Woman), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1932)
  • 1861 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Pier Pander, Dutch sculptor, born in Drachten, Friesland (d. 1919)
  • 1866 Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer and detective writer, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1866 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • 1868 Helen Miller Shepard, American philanthropist who established Hall of Fame, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1938)
  • 1872 George Carpenter, 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1946)
  • 1885 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish Indologist and scholar, born in Geneva (d. 1927)
  • 1887 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), born in Hanover (d. 1948)
  • 1889 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1951)
  • 1891 John A. Costello, 3rd Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, born in Dublin (d. 1976)
  • 1892 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)
  • 1894 George Delacorte, American philanthropist and publisher (Dell Books), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • 1894 Lloyd Hall, African-American chemist and pioneer in food chemistry (science of food preservation), born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • 1899 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, born in Béziers, France (d. 1943)
  • 1901 Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), born in Hiroshima (d. 1995)
  • 1904 Heinrich von Brentano, German politician (Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Offenbach, German Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1905 Lillian Hellman, American playwright (Toys in the Attic, Little Foxes), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1984)
  • 1911 John Brightman, Baron Brightman, British judge of appeals, born in Sandridge, Hertfordshire (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1916 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, 21st Premier of Quebec (1968-70), born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada (d. 1973)
  • 1917 Ash Brownridge, American conservationist (National Wildlife Federation), creator of Ranger Rick, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer, born in Magyarcsaholy, Hungary (d. 2011)
  • 1920 Haydn Tudor Evans, British high court judge, born in Cardiff (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Marcus Bakker, Dutch politician (CPN)
  • 1924 Rainer Barzel, German politician (CDU-CSU) and minister, born in Braunsberg, East Prussia, Free State of Prussia (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Fritz Koenig, German sculptor (Sphere at World Trade Center), born in Wurzburg (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Arthur Bell, Director of Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew Gardens), born in Gosforth, Northumberland (d. 2006)
  • 1928 David Mitchell, British MP, born in rural Buckinghamshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Jean-Marie le Pen, French leader (National Front party)
  • 1929 Edith Windsor [née Schlain], American LGBT rights activist (lead plaintiff in United States v. Windsor), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • 1930 John Waine, bishop (Chelmsford)
  • 1930 Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
  • 1931 Richard Southwood, zoologist/chancellor (Oxford University)
  • 1932 Robert Rozhdestvensky, Soviet poet, born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 1994)
  • 1933 Claire Tomalin, English biographer and editor, born in London, England
  • 1933 Earl of Cranbrook, CEO (Nature Conservancy Council)
  • 1933 Peter T. Kirstein, British computer scientist 'European father of the internet' (Internet Protocol,), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1934 Brian Barder, British high commissar (Australia)
  • 1935 Anthony Pilkington, CEO (Pilkington Pic)
  • 1940 Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • 1941 Ulf D Merbold, German physicist/astronaut (STS 9, 42, Soyuz TM-19)
  • 1945 David S Monson, (Rep-R-UT, 1985- )
  • 1945 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • 1946 Birgitte Eva Henriksen, Duchess of Gloucester, born in Odense, Denmark
  • 1946 Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
  • 1947 David French, British director (Deep Sleep, Bingo)
  • 1947 Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
  • 1947 Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
  • 1948 Nigel Morris, rocker (Isotope)
  • 1948 Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • 1951 Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
  • 1952 Vikram Seth, Indian poet and novelist (A Suitable Boy), born in Calcutta. India
  • 1953 Brian J Duffy, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 45, 57, 72, sk:92), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1953 Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)
  • 1954 Ilan Ramon, Israeli combat pilot and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1969 Michael Gerber, American parody author, born in Elizabeth, New Jersey
  • 1970 Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco, born in Rabat, Morocco
  • 1970 Andrea Nahles, German politician, Leader of Social Democratic Party (2018-), born in Mendig, West Germany
  • 1978 Quinton Jackson, American Mixed Martial Artist

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1929 Author William Faulkner (31) weds Estelle Oldham at College Hill Presbyterian Church outside Oxford, Mississippi

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner

LoveWedding of Interest

1998 Magazine publisher Larry Flynt (55) weds Elizabeth Berrios

Magazine Publisher Larry Flynt
Magazine Publisher
Larry Flynt

Deaths in History

  • 451 Theodorid, King of the Visigoths
  • 840 Louis de Vrome, emperor of French rich, dies
  • 840 Louis I the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor ((814-840), dies at 62
  • 885 Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (b. 841)
  • 1585 Christianus Adrichomius, Dutch Catholic priest and writer (Vita Jesu Christi), dies at 52
  • 1597 Willem Barentsz/Barents, Dutch navigator. Barents Sea named after him
  • 1649 Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher, author, dies
  • 1668 Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)
  • 1751 Adriaen Valckenier, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1737-41), dies at 56
  • 1776 Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer, dies at 72
  • 1794 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), dies at 46
  • 1800 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1810 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, dies at 54

Person of interestManuel Belgrano

1820 Manuel Belgrano, Argentine politician and Military Leader who took part in the Argentine Wars of Independence and created the Flag of Argentina, dies at 50

Argentine Politician and Military Leader Manuel Belgrano
Argentine Politician and Military Leader
Manuel Belgrano
  • 1837 William IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1830-37), dies at 71
  • 1846 Pieter Adams, architect of Rotterdam, dies at about 67
  • 1869 Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader, dies at 34
  • 1870 Jules de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, dies at 39
  • 1883 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Filbuste), dies at 64
  • 1906 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • 1915 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), dies ay 76
  • 1917 James Mason Crafts, American chemist (Friedel-Crafts alkylation synthesis), dies at 78
  • 1917 António Feijó, Portuguese poet and diplomat, dies at 58
  • 1920 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, dies at 55
  • 1925 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1933 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, dies at 75
  • 1941 [Stephanie] Hélène Swarth, Dutch poet ("Lonely flowers"), dies at 81
  • 1945 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58

Person of interestBugsy Siegel

1947 Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, American gangster who created casinos in Las Vegas, shot dead in Beverly Hills at 41

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Mobster
Bugsy Siegel
  • 1953 Hendrik de Man, sociologist (Belgian Working people Party), dies at 67
  • 1958 Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950), dies at 55
  • 1959 Hitoshi Ashida, Japanese politician, dies at 71
  • 1960 Walter Dehmel, German writer, dies at 57
  • 1963 Joseph Self, murderer, executed; last Wash state execution in 25 yrs
  • 1963 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1965 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), dies at 94
  • 1966 Georges Lemaître, Belgian Catholic Priest, astronomer and physics professor, who initially proposed the universe expansion and big-bang theories, dies at 71
  • 1972 Horst Salomon, writer, dies
  • 1972 Howard Johnson, US restaurant/hotel founder, dies at 75
  • 1994 Bankole Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, dies at 70
  • 1994 Louis Benjamin, British showman, dies at 71
  • 1995 Al Hansen, American artist (Fluxus), found dead at 67
  • 1995 Emil Mihai Cioran, writer/aphorist, dies at 84
  • 1995 Henry Iliffe Cozens, English Royal Air Force pilot, dies at 91
  • 1996 Irving Krick, meteorologist, dies at 89
  • 1996 Michel Lebrun, crime writer, dies at 65
  • 1996 Walter Guevara Arze, provisional president of Bolivia (1979), dies
  • 1998 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard, committed suicide at 56
  • 1999 Clifton Fadiman, American author (b. 1902)
  • 2000 Karl Mickel, German writer, dies at 64
  • 2002 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2003 Bob Stump, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona, dies at 76

Person of interestJack Kilby

2005 Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer (Nobel 2010 - handheld calculator, integrated circuit), dies at 81

Engineer Jack Kilby
Engineer
Jack Kilby
  • 2005 Larry Collins, American writer, dies at 75
  • 2007 Trevor Henry, New Zealand Justice (b. 1902)
  • 2010 Harry Blackmore Whittington, British palaeontologist (b. 1916)
  • 2012 LeRoy Neiman, American painter, dies at 91
  • 2015 Nazar Singh, British great-grandfather, believed to be Europe's oldest man, dies at 111