On This Day

On This Day in History for June 21

Events in History

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

68 Roman General Vespasian conquers Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor
  • 524 Godomar, King of the Burgundians, defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce
  • 1128 Battle of Akspoele: earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1307 Külüg Khan is enthroned as Emperor of China and seventh Great Khan after defeating rival factions and succeeding his uncle Temür Khan

Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty Temür Khan
Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty
Temür Khan
  • 1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529 Queen Catherine Of England [Catherine of Aragon] speaks against her marriage's annulment at the Blackfriars Legatine Court

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1529 Battle of Landriano: Imperial-Spanish forces under Don Antonio de Leyva, Duke of Terranova, beat a French army under Francis de Bourbon, Comte de St. Pol
  • 1547 Great fire in Moscow, a third of the largely wooden city destroyed and 2-3,000 killed
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian of Swieten conquers Gouda
  • 1582 Honnō-ji Incident: assassination of Oda Nobunaga by his own general Akechi Mitsuhide in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1607 1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established at Jamestown
  • 1661 Treaty of Kardis: Russia & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 1667 Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter occupies Sheerness, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 Dutch pension advisor Johan de Witt seriously wounded

Statesman and Advisor of Holland Johan de Witt
Statesman and Advisor of Holland
Johan de Witt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Utrecht

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1684 King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

  • 1734 In Montreal, New France (Quebec), black slave Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, is tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony
  • 1749 Pieter Steyn installed as pension advisor of Netherlands
  • 1749 Town of Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded by the British - sparks Father Le Loutre's War
  • 1768 1st medical diploma in America is granted to Dr John Archer from the College of Philadelphia

USAConstitution of the United States

1788 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1788 The population of Vizille, France, demands local parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1792 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil & Mexicana off Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1805 Great Stone Face, or the Profile found in New Hampshire
  • 1813 Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria results in a victory for a Spanish, Portuguese and British alliance against the French
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • 1822 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas arrested in South Carolina
  • 1824 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea
  • 1826 Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas

InventionHistoric Invention

1834 American inventor and businessman Cyrus McCormick patents the reaping machine

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus McCormick
  • 1849 Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
  • 1853 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes in Worcester, Massachusetts [1]
  • 1854 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)
  • 1863 Battle at Upperville, Virginia, Union forces hold off Confederate advance, 389 causalities
  • 1864 New Zealand Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 William James 'the Father of American Psychology' passes his medical examination at Harvard Medical School

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1877 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons
  • 1879 Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful "F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store" on North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1893 1st Ferris wheel opens at Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • 1895 British Earl of Rosebery's Liberal Party government falls
  • 1898 US captures Guam from Spain during the Spanish–American War
  • 1900 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1904 The US Republican Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President, but not without opposition from those whom he calls 'malefactors of great wealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1907 E. W. Scripps founds United Press Associations in the US
  • 1913 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • 1915 Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
  • 1915 The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens
  • 1916 Mexican troops defeat US expeditionary force under General Pershing
  • 1917 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
  • 1919 Social Democrat Gustav Bauer forms a German government

Sinking ShipScuttling at Scapa Flow

1919 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands

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German Navy ship SMS Bayern after being scuttled on the orders of German Admiral Ludwig von Reuter
German Navy ship SMS Bayern after being scuttled on the orders of German Admiral Ludwig von Reuter
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  • 1921 The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey

  • 1924 NCRV, Dutch Christian Radio Society, forms
  • 1933 1st Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans
  • 1937 French People's Popular Front government of Socialist Léon Blum falls
  • 1940 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • 1940 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1941 2nd French troops occupies Damascus, Syria
  • 1942 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Germany's Panzer Army led by Erwin Rommel takes Tobruk in Libya, North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1942 Anneliese Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • 1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead
  • 1944 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • 1945 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa
  • 1946 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas, Texas
  • 1946 Federal judge in Seattle rules that club doesn't have to play returning serviceman
  • 1948 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • 1948 33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced and 78's planned to be phased out (Dr Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1948 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • 1948 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London

  • 1952 Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines
  • 1954 John Landy runs world record mile (3:58.0)
  • 1956 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
  • 1956 German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners
  • 1956 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 John Diefenbaker (C) takes office as Prime Minister of Canada

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • 1957 Ellen Louks Fairclough is sworn in as Canada's first woman Cabinet Minister

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Louis St. Laurent resigns as Prime Minister of Canada, ending the longest uninterrupted run at the federal level in Canadian history

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent
  • 1958 French franc devalues
  • 1962 USAF Major Robert M. White takes X-15 to 75,190 m

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1963 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church, succeeding John XXIII

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1964 Byron De La Beckwith arrested for the murder of civil rights activist Medger Evers, found guilty 30 yr later
  • 1964 Three civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, disappear after being released from a Mississippi jail, later found murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan
  • 1966 Queen Juliana opens Coen tunnel in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 US Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren announces he will resign once a successor is found

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1969 1st reported hearing of pirate radio WGHP (With God's Help Peace)
  • 1970 Detroit's Cesar Gutierrez goes 7-for-7 to tie a record set in 1892
  • 1971 International Court of Justice asks South Africa to pull out of Namibia
  • 1975 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth
  • 1976 Italian General Election; Enrico Berlinguer's Communist party win their greatest-ever share of the vote (34.4%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Former White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman enters prison

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman
Nixon's White House Chief of Staff
H. R. Haldeman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Menachem Begin (Likud) becomes Israel's 6th Prime Minister

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1977 Bülent Ecevit forms a minority government in Turkey which lasts only 1 month
  • 1978 The British Army shoots dead 3 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and a passing Ulster Volunteer Force member at a postal depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast; it is claimed that the PIRA volunteers were about to launch a bomb attack

Birthdays in History

  • 1002 Pope Leo IX [Bruno, Graf von Egisheim und Dagsburg], Catholic Church's 151st pope (1049-54), born in Egisheim, Alsace, Upper Lorraine, France (d. 1054)
  • 1226 Bolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland (1243-79), born in Stary Korczyn, Busko, Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1528 Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress (1564-76), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1603)
  • 1639 Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1723)
  • 1640 Abraham Mignon, Dutch still life painter, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1679)
  • 1646 Maria Francisca of Savoy, Queen consort of Portugal, born in Hôtel de Nemours, Paris, France (d. 1683)
  • 1706 John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, born in London, England (d. 1761)
  • 1712 Luc Urbain de Bouëxic, comte de Guichen, French admiral, born in Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1790)
  • 1730 Norinaga Motoori, Japanese scientist, born in Matsuzaka, Japan (d. 1801)
  • 1740 Hendrik van Wijn, Dutch histrorian and archivist (Algemeen Rijksarchief), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1831)
  • 1750 Pierre-Nicolas Beauvallet, French artist, born in Le Havre, France (d. 1818)
  • 1759 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier, born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1817)
  • 1763 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, born in Sompuis, France (d. 1845)
  • 1764 Sidney Smith, British admiral, born in Westminster, London (d. 1840)
  • 1774 Daniel D. Tompkins, American politician, 6th US Vice President (1817-25), born in Scarsdale, New York (d. 1825)
  • 1781 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (the Poisson distribution), born in Pithiviers, France (d. 1840)
  • 1782 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general, born in Olkhovatsky District, Russia (d. 1852)
  • 1788 Princess Augusta of Bavaria, born in Strasbourg (d. 1851)
  • 1791 Robert Napier, Scottish marine engineer, born in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scotland (d. 1876)
  • 1798 Wolfgang Menzel, German writer, born in Waldenburg, Silesia (d. 1873)
  • 1805 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1811 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), born in Forlì, Papal States (d. 1868)
  • 1817 James Brewerton Ricketts, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1818 Joseph Abel Haskin, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Troy, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1823 Edward Elmer Potter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1823 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1873)
  • 1825 William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford, born in High Street, Knaresborough, England (d. 1901)
  • 1832 Joseph Rainey, American politician, 1st African American in US House of Representatives (1870-1879), born in Georgetown, South Carolina (d. 1887)
  • 1839 Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (Epitaph of a small winner), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1908)
  • 1839 John Decatur Barry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1867)
  • 1844 Ernest F. Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway) (d. 1909)
  • 1851 Daniel Carter Beard, American author, social reformer and founder of the Boy Scouts of America, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • 1859 Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1937)
  • 1862 Johannes Schlaf, German writer and translator, born in Querfurt, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1862 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1943)
  • 1863 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1864 Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1945)
  • 1868 Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist, born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1946)
  • 1870 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1873 H. M. Tomlinson, British writer (Sea & Jungle), born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1876 Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (helium vast), born in Texel, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian cartoonist and illustrator (Candide), born in Montemurlo, Italy (d. 1949)
  • 1880 Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician, born in Alma, Wisconsin (d. 1961)
  • 1880 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1941)
  • 1882 Rockwell Kent, American artist, painter and illustrator (Canterbury Tales), born in Tarrytown, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1882 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), born in El Tarròs, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1940)
  • 1883 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement), born in Bolshaya Chernavka, Saratov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1884 Claude Auchinleck, British Army commander during the Second World War, born in Aldershot, Hampshire, England (d. 1981)
  • 1887 Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist, born in Kingston, Ontario, Canada (d. 1956)
  • 1890 Frank Sherman Land, founder of the Order of DeMolay, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1959)
  • 1891 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (Nuove Struttura), born in Sondrio, Italy (d. 1979)

Person of interestReinhold Niebuhr

1892 Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (Nature & Destiny of Man), born in Wright City, Missouri (d. 1971)

Theologian Reinhold Niebuhr
Reinhold Niebuhr
  • 1894 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)
  • 1896 Charles Momsen, American inventor (submarine rescue device), born in Flushing, New York (d. 1967)
  • 1898 Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer, born in Chicago (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (NINA, NY Times), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2003)

Person of interestJean-Paul Sartre

1905 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer (Le Mur, Nobel 1964; declined), born in Paris (d. 1980)

  • 1908 William Frankena, American philosopher, born in Manhattan, Montana (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [OS=June 8]
  • 1912 Mary McCarthy, American novelist (Group), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1989)
  • 1914 William Vickrey, Canadian economist (Nobel 1996), born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer and multi-millionaire, born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England (d. 2001)
  • 1918 James Bysse Joll, British historian, born in Bristol, England (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Gérard Pelletier, French-Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat, born in Victoriaville, Canada (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Paolo Soleri, Italian-American architect, born in Turin, Italy (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Helen Cattanach, British Army Nursing Service (QARANC), born in Knockando, Morayshire, Scotland (d.1994)
  • 1921 Jean de Broglie, French politician, born in Paris (d. 1976)
  • 1924 Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalytic thinker, born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Giovanni Spadolini, Italian historian and politician, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Louis Ottens, Dutch engineer, developed the audio cassette tape, and worked on the compact disc, born in Bellingwolde, Netherlands (d. 2021) [1]
  • 1928 Valentin Gavriyilovich Yershov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1929 John Morgan, British ambassador (to Mexico), born in London (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Gerald Kaufman, British Labour MP, born in Leeds (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Patricia Lindop, British radiobiologist and physician, born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2018)
  • 1930 Peter Marshall, police commissioner (London), born in London
  • 1931 Margaret Heckler, American politician (15th U.S. Secretary of Health & Human Services (1983-85)), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Bernard Ingham, British journalist and press secretary for Margaret Thatcher, born in Hebden Bridge, United Kingdom
  • 1934 Wulf Kirsten, German writer, born in Klipphausen, Meissen
  • 1935 Françoise Sagan [Quoirez], French novelist (Bonjour Trieste), born in Cajarc, France (d. 2004)
  • 1937 Anna Davies, Italian philologist and Professor of Comparative Philology (Oxford U), born in Milan (d. 2014)
  • 1938 Dan Burton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1939 Rubén Berríos, Puerto Rican politician, born in Aibonito, Puerto Rico
  • 1940 Michael Ruse, British-Canadian philosopher of science (the relationship between science and religion, the creation–evolution controversy), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1942 Marjorie Margolies, American women's right activist and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1942 William Bradford Reynolds, US Assistant Attorney General (1981-88), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1942 Togo West Jr., American attorney and public official (3rd Secretary of Veterans Affairs 1998-2000), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Henry S. Taylor, American writer at poet (Pulitzer 1986 for Poetry), born in Lincoln, Virginia
  • 1944 Miguel Vicens, Spanish rocker (Los Bravos), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain
  • 1945 Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher and poet, born in Lvov, Poland
  • 1946 Kate Hoey, Northern Irish MP (Labour), born in Mallusk, Northern Ireland
  • 1946 Malcolm Rifkind, British QC MP (Sect of State for Defense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1946 Maurice Saatchi, English-Iraqi advertising CEO (Saatchi & Saatchi), born in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 1947 Dana Rohrabacher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Coronado, California

Person of interestShirin Ebadi

1947 Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and 1st Iranian Muslim woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize (2003), born in Hamadan, Iran

Lawyer and human rights activist Shirin Ebadi
Lawyer and human rights activist
Shirin Ebadi
  • 1948 Ian McEwan, English writer (Atonement), born in Aldershot, England
  • 1948 Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer (The Witcher), born in Łódź, Poland
  • 1949 Jim Bacchus, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1950 Anne Carson, Canadian poet (Autobiography of Red), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1952 Kôichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director (Bee Train Production), born in Tokyo

Person of interestBenazir Bhutto

1953 Benazir Bhutto, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan and 1st female leader of a Muslim nation, born in Karachi, Pakistan (d. 2007)

Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Prime Minister
Benazir Bhutto

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1810 US President Zachary Taylor (25) weds Margaret Smith near Louisville, Kentucky

12th US President and General Zachary Taylor
12th US President and General
Zachary Taylor

LoveWedding of Interest

1924 Inventor Robert H. Goddard (41) weds secretary Esther Christine Kisk (23) at St. John's Episcopal Church in Worcester

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard

LoveWedding of Interest

1940 37th US President Richard Nixon (27) weds Pat Ryan (28) at the Mission Inn in Riverside, California

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1942 Jacqueline Kennedy's mother Janet Bouvier marries Standard Oil heir Hugh Auchincloss

LoveWedding of Interest

1985 Chemist Carl Djerassi (61) weds biographer and teacher Diane Middlebrook (46) at his ranch

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Carl Djerassi
  • 1991 Eleanor Mondale marries Greg "Thunder" Malban (Minn DJ)
  • 1997 Princess Zahra Aga Khan (26) weds businessman Mark Boyden at the Chateau de Chantilly in Paris
  • 2013 Actor Peter Scolari (57) weds broadway actress Tracy Shayne in NYC, New York
  • 2014 TV journalist Katie Couric (57) weds financier John Molner in East Hampton, New York

Deaths in History

  • 223 Liu Bei, Emperor of Shu Han (b. 161)
  • 524 Chlodomir, king of the France to Orleans (511-24), dies at about 28
  • 756 Emperor Shōmu, Emperor of Japan (724-749), dies at 55 or 56
  • 1040 Fulk the Black, French Count of Anjou, one of the great medieval castle builders (Langeais, Loches)), dies at 69 or 70
  • 1205 Enrico Dandolo, Doge of Venice (b. 1107)
  • 1208 Philip of Swabia, King of Germany and duke of Swabia (b. 1177)
  • 1305 Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), dies at 33

Person of interestEdward III

1377 Edward III, King of England (1327-77) noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority, dies at 64

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1421 Jean Le Maingre, Marshal of France (b. 1366)

Person of interestNiccolo Machiavelli

1527 Niccolo Machiavelli, Florentine statesman and author, dies at 57

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1529 John Skelton, English poet, dies at about 69
  • 1547 Sebastiano del Piombo, Italian painter (b. 1485)
  • 1573 Antonie van Burgundy, mayor of sealand, dies in battle
  • 1582 Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)
  • 1591 Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian aristocrat and Jesuit saint, dies at 23

Person of interestJohn Smith

1631 John Smith, English explorer (Chesapeake Bay, New England) and leader of the Virginia Colony (Jamestown), dies at 51

Explorer John Smith
John Smith
  • 1652 Inigo Jones, English architect (Queen House, Covent Garden), dies at 78
  • 1738 Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
  • 1788 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), dies at 57
  • 1824 Étienne Aignan, French writer and translator, dies at 51
  • 1865 Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
  • 1874 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (Spectroscopy), dies at 59

Person of interestSanta Anna

1876 Antonio López de Santa Anna, President of Mexico who dominated Mexican history in the first half of the 19th century, dies at 79

Mexican Politician and General Santa Anna
Mexican Politician and General
Santa Anna
  • 1884 Alexander, Prince of Orange, heir apparent to the Netherlands, dies of typhus at 32

Person of interestLeland Stanford

1893 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon (Southern Pacific Railroad), 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, dies of heart failure at 69

Business Tycoon and Politician Leland Stanford
Business Tycoon and Politician
Leland Stanford
  • 1913 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), dies at 37
  • 1913 Gaston Tarry, French mathematician, dies at 69
  • 1914 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, 1st woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize (1905), dies at 71
  • 1925 J. H. Leopold, Dutch poet (translated Omar Khayyam), dies at 60
  • 1934 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Stray Lamb, Topper, Turnabout), dies at 42
  • 1935 Alice Brown Davis, first female Principal Chief of the Seminole Tribe of Oklahoma (1922-35), dies at 82
  • 1940 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, dies at 71
  • 1940 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet, writer and critic, drowns at 40
  • 1940 Walter Hasenclever, German Expressionist writer, dies at 49
  • 1940 Smedley Butler, American Marine general, dies at 58
  • 1944 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter and friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • 1945 Josef Hora, Czech writer and poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • 1948 D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, Scottish zoologist and classicist (On Growth & Form), dies at 88
  • 1951 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1952 Wop May, Canadian aviator, flying ace in the WWI, dies at 56
  • 1954 Gideon Sundback, Swedish-American inventor, perfected the zipper (b. 1880)
  • 1957 Johannes Stark, German physicist (Stark effect, Nobel 1919), dies at 83
  • 1957 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer, dies at 85
  • 1964 Andrew Goodman, US civil rights activist, murdered at 20
  • 1964 James Chaney, US civil rights activist, murdered at 21
  • 1964 Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist, murdered at 21
  • 1965 Bernard Baruch, American presidential advisor (termed "Cold War"), dies at 94
  • 1965 Kay Fisker, Danish architect (Hornbeck House, Copenhagen), dies at 72

Person of interestSukarno

1970 Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), dies from kidney failure while under house arrest at 68

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1976 Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)
  • 1983 Anton van de Velde, Flemish writer and director (Tijl), dies at 87
  • 1985 Tage Erlander, Swedish politician (25th Prime Minister of Sweden 1946-69), dies at 84
  • 1988 Bobby Dodd, US football coach (Georgia Tech), dies at 79
  • 1990 Cedric Belfrage, English writer and journalist (co-founder of National Guardian), dies at 85
  • 1992 Li Xiannian, President of the People's Republic of China (1983-88), dies at 82
  • 1994 Mark Isfeld, Canadian soldier and combat Engineer, dies from a landmine at 31
  • 1995 Tristan Jones, British sailor and author, dies at 71
  • 1995 Laurence McKinley Gould, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929, dies at 98
  • 1997 Fidel Velázquez Sánchez, Mexican labour leader (b. 1900)
  • 1999 Karl Krolow, German poet and translator, dies at 84
  • 2000 Johanna Moosdorf, German writer (Next Door), dies at 88
  • 2003 Leon Uris, American novelist (Exodus, QB VII, Battle Cry), dies at 78
  • 2003 Jason Moran, Australian criminal (b. 1967)
  • 2004 Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2007 Bob Evans, American restaurateur (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Hector Laing, English biscuit manufacturer (McVitie & Price), pilot and Director of the Bank of England, dies at 87
  • 2011 Robert Kroetsch, Canadian author (b. 1927)
  • 2015 Veijo Meri, Finnish writer, dies at 86
  • 2018 Charles Krauthammer, American conservative political commentator and psychiatrist (The Washington Post), dies small intestine cancer of at 68