On This Day

On This Day in History for June 22

Events in History

  • 217 BC Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
  • 168 BC Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War
  • 431 Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens
  • 816 Pope Stephen IV, [V] elected to succeed Leo III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1377 Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England

King of England Richard II
King of England
Richard II
  • 1476 Battle at Morat/Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland
  • 1497 Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1533 Ferdinand of Austria and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign peace treaty

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent


1535 Cardinal John Fisher is beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1559 Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted
  • 1593 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks
  • 1596 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1611 Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Galileo Galilei forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope (Vatican only admits it was wrong on Oct 31, 1992!)

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1675 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1679 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots

  • 1740 King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion & freedom of the press
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1772 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement
  • 1774 British parliament accepts Quebec Act, which extends the province's territory and restores French civil law
  • 1775 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • 1799 Britain and Russia decide to invade Batavian Republic
  • 1807 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1812 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn British troops, results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • 1814 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC v Herefordshire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1825 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America
  • 1832 John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
  • 1844 Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University
  • 1847 First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1848 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1848 Beginning of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers
  • 1851 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City Hall and Jenny Lind Theatre, city's seventh fire in 2 years
  • 1864 Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia (Wilson's Raid)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
  • 1865 The CSS Shenandoah fires the last shot of the American Civil War in the Bering Strait to indicate surrender

  • 1868 Arkansas re-joins the US
  • 1870 US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • 1874 Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • 1875 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • 1893 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • 1897 Bombay plague commissioner Walter Charles Rand shot by Chapekar brothers as protest against his extreme measures to combat city's plague epidemic (dies July 3)
  • 1900 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • 1904 Chinese laborers arrive in South Africa following a severe labor shortage
  • 1906 Haakon VII crowned King of Norway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 1st airship with passengers sets afloat-Zeppelin Deutscheland

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

CrownRoyal Coronation

1911 King George V crowned King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1915 BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
  • 1918 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe, Illinois)
  • 1922 Herrin massacre, 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.
  • 1925 Spain and France fight Morocco
  • 1931 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • 1932 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a federal offense (amended 1934)
  • 1932 NL finally approves players wearing numbers
  • 1933 German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis

  • 1936 Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee & survives
  • 1936 Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US (Organic Act)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1939 Princess and future Queen Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN)

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip
  • 1940 France surrenders to Nazi Germany, with the northern half of the country occupied and the south established as the Nazi client state Vichy France
  • 1940 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • 1940 About 10,000 Afrikaner women march to the union buildings in protest of South Africa's involvement in WWII
  • 1940 1st Dairy Queen restaurant opened, in Joliet, Illinois

Soviet UnionGermany Invades the Soviet Union

1941 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history

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German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
Learn More
  • 1941 June Uprising in Lithuania begins, resulting in the collapse of the Soviet occupation, but replaced with invading German forces shortly after
  • 1941 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group
  • 1942 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • 1942 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • 1944 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • 1944 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • 1944 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1947 12" rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)
  • 1947 Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)
  • 1954 Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy

Prime Minister of Italy Antonio Segni
Prime Minister of Italy
Antonio Segni
  • 1955 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea
  • 1957 Kansas City stops using streetcars in its transit system
  • 1959 Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games
  • 1959 Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to SF voyage
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1961 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
  • 1962 1st test flight of a Hovercraft
  • 1962 French Boeing 707 crashes at Guadeloupe, 113 killed
  • 1966 South African Bishop Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu, is refused a passport and thus permission to attend an international church conference by the South African government
  • 1969 Cleveland's Cuyahoga River catches fire due to pollution
  • 1969 The Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) stage a protest by blocking the Lecky Road in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 President Richard Nixon signs extension of the 1965 Voting Rights Act that requires voting age at 18 in all federal, state, and local elections

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1970 Supreme Court ruled juries of less than 12 are constitutional
  • 1970 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry
  • 1971 Pretoria court rules that the former leader of the banned Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), Robert Sobukwe, will not be allowed to use his exit permit to leave South Africa for study in the United States
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army announce that it would call a ceasefire from 26 June 1972 provided that there is a "reciprocal response" from the security forces
  • 1973 Dutch High Council stops fluorine addition to drink water
  • 1973 Skylab 2's astronauts land
  • 1975 Ulster Volunteer Force try to derail a train by planting a bomb on the railway line near County Kildare, Ireland; a civilian who tries to stop them is stabbed-to-death (his actions delay the explosion to let the train pass safely)
  • 1977 Former AG John Mitchell starts 19 months in Alabama prison

Birthdays in History

  • 1478 Philips de Schone, Archduke of Austrian/King of Castilia (Philips I)
  • 1674 Jean Philippe Eugène de Mérode, Belgian marquis of Westerloo, born in Brussels (d. 1732)
  • 1680 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1701 Nikolaj Eigtved, Danish architect (Christiansborg Castle)
  • 1704 John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1738 Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
  • 1757 George Vancouver, surveyed Pacific coast from San Francisco to Vancouver Island
  • 1767 Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
  • 1796 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [OS]
  • 1805 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Il Apostolato Popolare)
  • 1814 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1866)
  • 1840 Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)
  • 1845 Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • 1845 Richard Seddon, longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand (1893-1906), born in Eccleston, England (d. 1906)
  • 1856 Henry Rider Haggard, British author (King Solomon's Mines, She, Dawn), born in Bradenham, England (d. 1925)
  • 1861 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (Commander of the East Asia Squadron during WWI), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • 1864 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician
  • 1869 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
  • 1871 William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • 1876 [Gwendolen] Gwen John, Welsh painter, born in Haverfordwest, Wales (d. 1939)
  • 1879 Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Julian S. Huxley, English biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1888 Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • 1891 Franz de Backer, Flemish writer (White Enemy)
  • 1892 Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1892 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • 1896 Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea)
  • 1897 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • 1898 Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front), born in Osnabrück, Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1899 Michal Kalecki, Polish economist, born in Łódź, Russian Poland (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), South African poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch, born in Wolmaransstad, Transvaal
  • 1902 Arnold J d'Ailly, Dutch mayor of Amsterdam (1946-56), born in Franeker, Netherland (d. 1967)

Person of interestJohn Dillinger

1903 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1934)

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger

Person of interestAnne Morrow Lindbergh

1906 Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator (Gift from the Sea), born in Englewood, New Jersey (d. 2001)

Aviator and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviator and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh
  • 1908 George Armin Goyder, businessman and social philosopher (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
  • 1913 Wladyslaw Sila-Nowicki, Polish lawyer (Solidarity)
  • 1914 Lilo Hardel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1999)

Person of interestCicely Saunders

1918 Cicely Saunders, English nurse, physician and writer who founded the first modern hospice, born in Barnet, England (d. 2005)

Nurse and Social Worker Cicely Saunders
Nurse and Social Worker
Cicely Saunders
  • 1921 Barbara F Vucanovich, (Rep-R-NV, 1983-1997), (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Bill Blass, American fashion designer (dressed Nancy Reagan), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana (d. 2002)
  • 1931 Hennadiy Udovenko, Ukrainian politician and diplomat (UN General Assembly President, 1997-98), born in Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Teruyuki Okazaki, Japanese karate master (10th degree black belt Shotokan Karate; founder International Shotokan Karate Federation), born in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan (d. 2020)
  • 1933 Dianne Feinstein, American politician, 1st female mayor of San Francisco (1978-88), (US Senator (D)-Ca 1992-), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1942 Toyohiro Akiyama, Japan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11)
  • 1943 Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
  • 1944 Gérard Mourou, French scientist (Nobel Prize for Physics 2018, lasers), born in Albertville, France
  • 1947 Octavia E[stelle] Butler, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Wild Seed)
  • 1947 Jerry Rawlings, Ghanaian Head of State (1981-93) and President of Ghana (1993-2001), born in Accra, Gold Coast (d. 2020)

Person of interestElizabeth Warren

1949 Elizabeth Warren, American academic and US Senator (D-Massachusetts 2013-), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
  • 1954 Charles T Canady, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • 1956 Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Pakistani Politician and Foreign Minister
  • 1957 Danny Baker, English writer and radio DJ, born in Deptford, London, England
  • 1960 Erin Brockovich, American legal clerk and environmental campaigner, born in Lawrence, Kansas

Person of interestDan Brown

1964 Dan Brown, American author of thriller fiction (The Da Vinci Code), born in Exeter, New Hampshire

Author Dan Brown
Dan Brown
  • 1966 Euan Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, English baron/multi-millionaire
  • 1970 Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
  • 1975 Andreas Klöden, German professional road cyclist
  • 1979 Thomas Voeckler, French road cyclist

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1894 Harry Houdini marries Bessie Rahner

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini

LoveWedding of Interest

1969 Writer and producer R. L. Stine (25) weds editor Jane Waldhorn

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • 2013 Former Stone Temple Pilots frontman Scott Weiland (45) weds photographer Jamie Wachtel in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History

  • 1276 Innocent V [Pierre the Tarantaise], Pope (1276), dies at about 36
  • 1276 Catholic Pope Innocent V dies after just over five months in the job, at about 51
  • 1429 Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
  • 1535 John Fisher, English bishop (1504-35), cardinal (Saint John Fisher), beheaded at about 65
  • 1632 James Whitelocke, English judge and politician (House of Common 1610-22), dies at 61
  • 1634 Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
  • 1699 Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
  • 1714 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • 1777 Josef Christian, German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1803 Wilhelm Heinse, German writer and critic, dies at 57
  • 1867 Leopold Marquard, South African clergyman, missionary and educationist, dies at 80
  • 1868 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
  • 1892 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
  • 1894 Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
  • 1897 Ralph Abercromby, British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • 1898 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist, dies at 66
  • 1903 George White, African American resident of Delaware, lynched
  • 1905 Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1906 Fritz Schaudinn, German zoologist (examined syphilis), dies at 34
  • 1909 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet, dies at 65
  • 1909 Edward John Gregory, British painter and engraver, dies at 59
  • 1910 Marie, Princess of Wied/Orange Nassau, dies
  • 1910 Marie of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange Nassau, dies at 69
  • 1922 Henry H Wilson, Field Marshal, murdered in London
  • 1925 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanstan Colloquium), dies at 76
  • 1928 A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
  • 1930 Karl von Amira, German historian, dies at 82
  • 1931 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), dies at 89
  • 1935 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1936 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1938 C. J. Dennis, Australian poet (The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke), dies at 61
  • 1940 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who developed the Köppen climate classification system for the regions of the world, dies at 93
  • 1940 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer commits suicide at 49
  • 1945 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1945 Mitsuri Ushijima, Japanese lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1954 Karl Taylor Compton, American physicist and 9th President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, dies at 66
  • 1955 Wyllis Cooper, American TV narrator (Volume One), dies at 56
  • 1956 Walter de la Mare, British poet and author (The Listeners, Memoirs of a Midget), dies at 83
  • 1959 Hermann Brill, German politician (b. 1895)
  • 1961 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), dies at 61
  • 1964 Havank [HF van der Kallen], detective writer (Shade), dies at 60
  • 1965 Adriaan Franciscus Dussenbroek, Dutch doctor and co-founder (Union National Arubano), dies at 72
  • 1965 David O Selznick, American Academy Award-winning producer (Gone With the Wind, Rebecca), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • 1979 Julius Sommer, dies of heart failure, buried in Dayton Ohio
  • 1984 Joseph Losey, director (Go-Between, M, Concrete Jungle), dies at 75
  • 1989 Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician, dies at 72
  • 1990 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation), dies at 81
  • 1992 Frederic I Rinaldo, writer (Abbott & Costello meet Frankenstein), dies
  • 1992 M. F. K. Fisher, American cook book author, dies of Parkinson disease at 83
  • 1993 Hannah Troy, fashion designer (petite), dies of heart attack at 93
  • 1993 M'hammed Boukhozba, Algerian sociologist, murdered at 52
  • 1993 Pat Nixon, 1st lady (1969-75), dies of lung cancer at 81
  • 1995 Georges Yves Marie Congar, Dominican theologian cardinal, dies at 91
  • 1996 Leo Nichols, businessman, honorary consul and longtime friend of Burma's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, dies at 65
  • 1996 Tertius Metcalf, businessman, dies at 63
  • 1996 Terrel Bell, American politician (2nd United States Secretary of Education 1981-84), dies at 74
  • 2002 Ann Landers [Eppie Lederer], American advice columnist "Ask Ann Landers," twin sister of fellow advice columnist "Dear Abby" (Abigail Van Buren), dies of bone marrow cancer at 83
  • 2003 John Stokes, British MP (C), dies at 85
  • 2003 Wassil Bykau, Belarusian writer, dies at 79
  • 2004 Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
  • 2004 Bob Bemer, American computer scientist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • 2004 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe), dies from complications due to heart disease at 84
  • 2007 Bernhard "Bernd" Becher, German artist, worked collaboratively with Hilla Becher his wife, dies at 75
  • 2008 Dody Goodman, American comedienne (Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman - "Martha Shumway"; Max Duggan), dies at 93
  • 2011 Harley Hotchkiss, Canadian businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2014 Felix Dennis, English publisher and poet (Dennis Publishing), dies at 67
  • 2015 Gabriele Wohmann, German writer, dies at 83
  • 2018 Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician, dies at 90