On This Day

On This Day in History for June 23

Events in History

  • 930 World's oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi), established
  • 1295 Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
  • 1298 Duke Albrecht von Habsburg crowned King of Germany
  • 1305 French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1532 Henry VIII of England & Francois I of France sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Papal VisitThe Protestant Reformation

1547 Champion of the Protestant Reformation, Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse is captured and taken to south Germany

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1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
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  • 1565 Turgut Reis [Dragut], commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta
  • 1585 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • 1658 Dutch troops occupy last Portuguese Fort at Jafnapatnam in Ceylon

AgreementContract of Interest

1661 Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1683 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1724 Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1757 Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
  • 1760 Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia

  • 1775 1st regatta held on river Thames, England
  • 1780 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township
  • 1784 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 French King Louis XVI rejects the demands of the Third Estate, calling itself the National Assembly, during the opening stages of the French Revolution

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI

Victory in battleNew Settlement

1794 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1810 John Jacob Astor organizes the Pacific Fur Company in Astoria, Oregon

Businessman John Jacob Astor
John Jacob Astor

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1819 First editions of "The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent." by Washington Irving released, featuring story "Rip Van Winkle"

  • 1821 Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • 1848 Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • 1854 Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
  • 1860 US Congress establishes Government Printing Office
  • 1863 Tullahoma campaign, Tennessee
  • 1865 At Fort Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confederate army

How the Qwerty Keyboard was BornHow the Qwerty Keyboard was Born

1868 Christopher Latham Sholes patents the Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful of its kind

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Mooresburg, Pennsylvania, where Sholes was born, has a board honouring the inventor
Mooresburg, Pennsylvania, where Sholes was born, has a board honouring the inventor
Read Article

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1888 Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American to be nominated for US Vice President

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1900 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • 1900 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • 1908 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899

  • 1908 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • 1909 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1915 Italians launch the first of what will become 11 battles to dislodge the Austrians from the Isonzo River, which keeps the Italians from Trieste
  • 1917 Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1919 Nitti government forms in Italy
  • 1924 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
  • 1925 British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
  • 1925 Landslides create 3-mile long "Slide Lake" (Gros Ventre Wyoming)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 8th French government of Aristide Briand forms

11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • 1926 The College Board administers the first SAT exam in USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Wiley Post and Harold Catty take off for a flight around the world

Aviator Wiley Post
Wiley Post

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden offers Benito Mussolini a Somalian harbor

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1938 Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • 1938 Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • 1938 NYC Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway
  • 1939 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
  • 1939 US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard
  • 1940 Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
  • 1940 RAF bombs Schiphol, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 After conquering France, Adolf Hitler visits Paris and views the Eiffel Tower and the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuania
  • 1942 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • 1943 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

Rocket Scientist Wernher von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Wernher von Braun
  • 1944 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • 1944 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • 1945 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • 1946 In South Africa, a group of white men attack and assault Indian Passive Resisters
  • 1947 Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 US President Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1949 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • 1949 Dutch Constellation aircraft plunges into the sea near Bari, 33 die
  • 1950 Swiss parliament refuses voting rights for women
  • 1950 Indians' Luke Easter hits longest ball in Cleveland Stadium history, 477 feet, into upper deck, Section 4
  • 1951 Treacherous British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to USSR
  • 1951 Most expensive US hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage & $14M property-Kansas)
  • 1952 US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea
  • 1954 122°F (50°C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected President of Egypt

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1958 Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers
  • 1958 US Federal judge rules race separation must end in 2½ years in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 1958 Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established
  • 1959 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific careerhistory of ultrasounds
  • 1959 A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people
  • 1960 Japan signs security treaty with the US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Carl Djerassi
  • 1961 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force
  • 1961 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,830 m
  • 1962 Suvanna Phuma forms government in Laos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy tours Western Europe

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 The Detroit March to Freedom occurs with 125,000 people participating, the largest civil rights demonstration in America up to that point
  • 1964 General Maxwell Taylor appointed US ambassador in South Vietnam
  • 1967 Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.1, Bakersfield CA)

Conference meetingSummit of Interest

1967 US President Lyndon Johnson & Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, NJ (about halfway between New York City and Washington, DC [1]

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 US Senate censures Thomas J Dodd from Connecticut (D). for misusing campaign funds
  • 1969 French government of Couve de Murville resigns
  • 1969 Warren E. Burger sworn in as US Supreme Court Chief Justice
  • 1969 24 Africans from the Graaff-Reinet district, Cape Province, appear in the Grahamstown Supreme Court on charges under the Sabotage Act; alleged they had conspired or incited others to kill White people or police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Charles Rangel defeats Adam Clayton Powell Jr. in Democratic primary in New York

  • 1972 Hurricane Agnes becomes America's costliest natural disaster, affecting 15 states, with 119 deaths and $3 billion in damage

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1972 US President Nixon & his Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman agree to use CIA to cover up Watergate

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman
Nixon's White House Chief of Staff
H. R. Haldeman
  • 1972 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound

Birthdays in History

  • 47 BC Pharaoh Ptolemy XV of Egypt (d. 30 BC)
  • 1160 Johannes de Matha, French saint/founder (Trinitarians)
  • 1433 Francis II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1488)
  • 1456 Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
  • 1534 Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (d. 1582)
  • 1596 Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
  • 1612 Justus G Schottel [Schottelius], German poet
  • 1612 André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1660)
  • 1668 Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
  • 1683 Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (d. 1745)
  • 1703 Maria Leszczyńska, queen of Louis XV of France (d. 1768)
  • 1716 Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (d. 1789)
  • 1750 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (d. 1801)
  • 1763 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), born in Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique (d. 1814)
  • 1774 Matthijs Siegenbeek, Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • 1799 John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • 1800 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1801 Daniel Smith Donelson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Simon Vissering, Dutch economist/minister of Finances (1879-81)
  • 1822 Young Marshall Moody, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • 1838 Edwin Henry Stoughton, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Chester, Vermont (d. 1868)
  • 1849 John Hunn, American businessman and 51st Governor of Delaware, born in Odessa, Delaware (d. 1926)
  • 1858 William Ernst Johnson, mathematician, born in Cambridge, England
  • 1859 Florentinus M Wibaut, Amsterdams social alderman (building of houses)
  • 1875 Carl Milles, Uppsala Sweden, fountain sculptor (Wedding of Rivers)
  • 1879 William Ewart Berry, 1st viscount Camrose/English nobleman
  • 1879 Huda Sha'arawi, Egyptian feminist and nationalist, founder of Egyptian Feminist Union, born in Upper Egypt (d. 1947)
  • 1887 Ernst Rowohlt, German publisher (Rowohlt-Verlag)
  • 1888 Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • 1889 Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • 1891 Vladislav Vančura, Czech writer (Rozmarné léto), born in Háj ve Slezsku, Austria-Hungary (d. 1942)
  • 1894 Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (Kinsey Report), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1956)

Person of interestEdward VIII

1894 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India (Jan 20th, 1936 until his abdication on Dec 11th, 1936), born in Richmond, England (d. 1972)

King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII
  • 1897 Winifred Wagner-William, German organizer (Wagner Festival)
  • 1901 Mariel-Henri Jaspar, Belgian minister who unsuccessfully attempted to establish a Belgian government in London during World War II, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • 1901 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1902 Howard T Engstrom, computer designer (Univac), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1903 Anthony Veiller, American writer (Night of Iguana, Moulin Rouge), born in NYC, New York
  • 1903 Hans C Branner, Danish writer (Two Minutes of Silence), born in Ordrup, Denmark (d. 1966)
  • 1903 Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1904 Carleton Coon, American anthropologist (What in the World), born in Wakefield, Massachusetts (d. 1981)
  • 1905 Jack Pickersgill, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Wolfgang Koeppen, German author (Death in Rome), born in Greifswald, Pomerania (d. 1996)
  • 1907 Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedienne (d. 2008)
  • 1908 Paulus Akkerman [Paul fen Nijenborn], Frisian writer (Each om Each), born in Oldeboorn (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Li Xiannian, President of the People's Republic of China (1983-88), born in Hong'an, Hubei, China (d. 1992)

Person of interestJean Anouilh

1910 Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (Antigone, The Lark), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1987)

Dramatist Jean Anouilh
Jean Anouilh
  • 1910 Gordon B. Hinckley, American religious leader, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1995-2008), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2008)
  • 1911 David Ogilvy, advertising whiz (Ogilvy & Mathers)

Person of interestAlan Turing

1912 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), born in London (d. 1954)

Computer Scientist Alan Turing
Computer Scientist
Alan Turing
  • 1913 Jacques Rabemananjara, Malagasy playwright, poet (Antsa; Antidote), and politician (Vice President, 1971-72), born in Maroantsetra in Antongil Bay, Madagascar (d. 2005)
  • 1913 William P. Rogers, American Republican politician (US Secretary of State, 1969-73), born in Norfolk, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
  • 1921 Jean [Jean Benoît Guillaume Robert Antoine Louis Marie Adolphe Marc d'Aviano], Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1964-2000), born in Berg Castle, Luxembourg
  • 1925 Oliver Smithies, British biochemist (2007 Noble Prize for gene targeting), born in Halifax (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Michael Shaara, American writer (Killer Angels), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1930 Donn Fulton Eisele, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 7), born in Columbus, Ohio
  • 1931 Urs Jaeggi, Swiss sociologist and writer, born in Solothurn, Switzerland
  • 1935 Maurice Ferre, former mayor of Miami
  • 1936 Costas Simitis, Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1937 Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • 1940 Derry Irvine [Alexander Andrew Mackay Irvine], Scottish politician (Labour Party) and Lord Chanceller of UK (1997-2003), born in Inverness, Scotland
  • 1941 Roger McDonald, Australian author
  • 1941 Richard M. Richie Roberts, American former Marine and New Jersey Police Detective, Criminal Defense Attorney
  • 1943 Vinton (Vint) Cerf, American Internet pioneer, Turing Award laureate
  • 1945 K B Wilson, methodist Preacher/Principal (Westminster College Oxford)
  • 1945 John Garang, Sudanese leader and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1945 Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer
  • 1946 Russ Thacker, producer (Golden Seal), born in Washington, D.C.

Person of interestClarence Thomas

1948 Clarence Thomas, 108th US Supreme Court Justice (1991- ), born in Savannah, Georgia

108th US Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas
108th US Supreme Court Justice
Clarence Thomas
  • 1948 Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
  • 1948 Joaquin Avila, American lawyer and civil rights champion who advocated against voter discrimination, born in Compton, California (d. 2018)
  • 1950 Douglas C. Lord, Canadian businessman
  • 1955 Pierre Corbeil, Canadian politician
  • 1961 Zoran Janjetov, Serbian comic artist
  • 1965 Dawn Whiteham, bodybuilder (Penthouse Nov 1995), born in New London, Connecticut
  • 1965 Barbara Lufthansa Herzog, born during Lufthansa Frankfurt-NY flight
  • 1967 Helen Geake, British archaeologist, born in Wolverhampton, England
  • 1968 Jay Y Lee [Lee Jae-yong], South Korean Vice Chairman of Samsung, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1972 Ron Corning, American television anchor
  • 1974 Maria Carolina Christina, Princess of Netherlands
  • 1980 Becky Cloonan, American comic book artist
  • 1983 Jason Berrent, American performer
  • 1990 Samuel Lee, FIFA 08 World Champion

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 Businessman Nelson Rockefeller (21) weds Mary Todhunter Clark

Businessman and US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller
Businessman and US Vice President
Nelson Rockefeller

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 Diplomat Ralph Bunche (25) weds Ruth Harris

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche

LoveWedding of Interest

1954 Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Ruth Bader Ginsburg (21) weds taxation law expert Martin D. Ginsburg

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Divorces in History

  • 1993 Lindsay Wagner (Bionic Woman) files for divorce from Lawrence Mortorff

Deaths in History

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor
  • 758 Ho-tse Shen-hui, Zen teacher/disciple of Hui-neng, dies at 74
  • 1018 Henry I, Margrave of Austria (994-1018) known as "Henry the Strong", dies "in his armour" at an unknown age
  • 1075 Theoduinus, Beiers prince-bishop of Liege, dies
  • 1137 Adalbert I, archbishop of Mainz (1111-1137), dies
  • 1139 Andries van Kuik, bishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1314 Sir Henry de Bohun, English knight, is killed on the first day of the Battle of Bannockburn by Robert the Bruce
  • 1444 Marcus [Manuel] Eugenicus, Byzantine bishop of Efeze/theologist, dies
  • 1555 Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
  • 1582 Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese military leader (b. 1537)
  • 1615 Mashita Nagamori, Japanese warlord (b. 1545)
  • 1677 Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
  • 1686 William Coventry, English statesman
  • 1707 John Mill, English theologian
  • 1733 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar, dies at 60
  • 1770 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician, dies at 48
  • 1775 Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)
  • 1779 Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia (b. about 1691)
  • 1806 Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French zoologist and naturalist (Ornithologie), dies at 83
  • 1832 James Hall, Scottish geologist, dies at 70
  • 1836 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, dies at 63
  • 1839 Hester Stanhope, English aristocrat, traveller and archaeologist, dies at 63
  • 1856 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1865 Samuel Francis DuPont, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 61
  • 1866 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam physician/social activist, dies at 53
  • 1878 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (Back River), dies at 81
  • 1891 Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist, dies at 86
  • 1893 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • 1910 John McGraw, 2nd Governor of Washington (1893-97), dies at 59
  • 1916 Victor Chapman, French-American pilot renowned during WW1 (1st American pilot to die in WW1), succumbs to wounds at age 26
  • 1919 Amy G C A Bonet-Maury, French reformed theologist, dies
  • 1926 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1945 Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • 1956 Michael Arlen [Dikran Kouyoumdjian], British author and scriptwriter (An American Verdict), dies at 60
  • 1957 Louis Fornberg, writer, dies at 48
  • 1961 Franz de Backer, Flemish writer (Rubens' Daughter), dies at 70
  • 1970 Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (b. 1895)
  • 1971 George Blagoi, entertainer, dies
  • 1976 Imogen Cunningham, American photographer (1965 ASMP award), dies at 93
  • 1980 Sanjay Gandhi, Indian politician, dies in a plane crash at 33
  • 1980 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian (bomanslag), dies
  • 1980 Clyfford Still, American painter (b. 1904)
  • 1980 V.V. [Varahagiri Venkata] Giri, Fourth President of India (1969-74), dies at 85
  • 1982 Vincent Chin, Chinese-American hate crime victim (b. 1955)
  • 1983 Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Cuban communist politician and 14th President of Cuba (1959-76), commits suicide by shooting himself at 64
  • 1988 Evert Werkman, Dutch journalist (Het Parool), dies at 73
  • 1988 M Gregor-Dellin, writer, dies
  • 1989 Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (b. 1903)
  • 1991 Antonio Jacinto, Angolan poet, dies at 66
  • 1992 Lou Ramos, entertainer, dies
  • 1994 Piet van Elk, cartoonist, dies at 74
  • 1994 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker, dies at 50

Person of interestJonas Salk

1995 Jonas Salk, American biologist who created the Polio vaccine, dies of heart failure at 80

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1996 Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (1981-89, 1993-96), dies at 76
  • 1996 Angelo John Novarese, record company founder, dies at 72
  • 1996 Elbert Parr Tuttle, lawyer/judge, dies at 98
  • 1996 William Walsh, academic, dies at 80
  • 1997 "Wino" Willie Forkner, American biker (Wild One), dies of heart attack at 77

Person of interestBetty Shabazz

1997 Betty Shabazz, American educator and civil rights activist who was the widow of Malcolm X, dies from burns suffered in a fire started by her young grandson at 63

Civil Rights Activist Betty Shabazz
Civil Rights Activist
Betty Shabazz
  • 1998 Paul O'Dwyer, Irish-American politician and President of City Council (D-NYC), dies at 90
  • 2001 Yvonne Dionne, one of the Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Maynard Jackson, Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia (b. 1938)
  • 2005 Shana Alexander, American columnist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Harriet, Galápagos tortoise (b. 1830)
  • 2018 Donald Hall, American writer, literary critic and Poet Laureate of the United States, dies at 89
  • 2018 Kim Jong-pil, South Korean Prime Minister (1971-75, 1998-2000) and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (now the National Intelligence Service), dies at 92