On This Day

On This Day in History for June 25

Events in History

  • 253 St Lucius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 524 Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians
  • 841 Battle at Fontenay: Louis & Charles beat their brother Lotharius I
  • 1080 Wibbert of Ravenna chosen as anti-pope Clemens III
  • 1096 1st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany
  • 1139 Battle of Ourique: Afonso I defeats Moors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1183 Peace of Konstanz signed between Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Italian Lombard League

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1243 Sinibaldo dei Fieschi elected as Pope Innocentius IV
  • 1298 Rindfleisch Persecutions, 250 Jews killed in Rothenburg, Germany
  • 1483 The House of Lords and Commons declares King Edward V of England as illegitimate based on his parent's alleged bigamous marriage
  • 1500 Pope Alexander VI accept Treaty of Granada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1530 The Augsburg Confession where Germany's Protestant princes force Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to hear their Confession of Faith

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1580 Book of Concord, standards of Lutheran Church, 1st published
  • 1607 Mentally ill Emperor Rudolf II signs Treaty of Lieben, giving up Austria, Hungary and Moravia
  • 1621 French government army occupies Fort St Jean d'Angély at La Rochelle
  • 1630 Fork introduced to American dining by Governor Winthrop

  • 1638 Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies
  • 1646 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Oxford
  • 1658 Spanish garrison at Dunkirk surrenders to French and English
  • 1672 1st recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US held at Sandwich, Massachusetts
  • 1675 Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1678 Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Padua, 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • 1716 Eugenius of Savoye named land guardian of Austrian Netherlands
  • 1749 General fast because of drought in Massachusetts

USAConstitution of the United States

1788 Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1794 French troops occupy Charleroi
  • 1798 US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens
  • 1834 Pope Gregory XVI's encyclical "Singulari nos" published
  • 1835 1st building constructed at Yerba Buena (now San Francisco)
  • 1862 Battle of Oak Grove, Virginia (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • 1863 US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • 1864 Horse tramway in The Hague, Netherlands opens
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburg: Union forces begin digging tunnels under Confederate lines
  • 1867 1st barbed wire patented by Lucien B. Smith of Ohio
  • 1868 Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina readmitted to US
  • 1868 US President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hr day

Custer's Last StandCuster's Last Stand

1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn: US 7th Cavalry under Brevet Major General George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne warriors led by Chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull in what has become famously known as "Custer's Last Stand"

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George Armstrong Custer, who developed from being a hopeless cadet to national military hero
George Armstrong Custer, who developed from being a hopeless cadet to national military hero
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Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1888 Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1894 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1894 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • 1900 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • 1900 Dunhuang manuscripts, including the Diamond Sutra, world's oldest surviving dated book, discovered by Daoist monk Wang Yuanlu in the Mogao Caves, China
  • 1905 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1910 US Mann Act passed (no women across state lines for immoral purposes)
  • 1913 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • 1913 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913
  • 1916 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • 1918 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • 1919 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
  • 1919 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • 1920 League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • 1921 Charlie McCartney scores 300 in 205 mins Aust v Notts
  • 1925 Military putsch under General Theodorus Pangulos in Greece
  • 1928 NY Giant Fred Lindstrom ties record of 9 hits in a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 US President Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1934 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets for England v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)

  • 1934 Previously unknown Winchester Manuscript of Sir Thomas Malory's "Le Morte d'Arthur" (1485) announced discovered in the library of Winchester College, England
  • 1937 Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
  • 1938 US federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802, which forbids racial discrimination in the defense industry

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 -26] Soviet counter attack at Rovno, Ukraine
  • 1941 FDR issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination
  • 1941 Fair Employment Practices Commission established
  • 1941 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • 1941 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • 1941 Finland enters WW2 against the USSR following a massive airstrike the previous day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 James F. Byrnes is admitted to the US Supreme Court

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • 1942 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • 1943 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • 1943 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • 1944 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • 1945 Allied landing at Ternate, capital of the Maluku Islands in modern day Indonesia
  • 1945 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1947 1st version of Anne Frank's diary "Het Achterhuis" published in The Netherlands

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1949 Presidential election in Syria (some women allowed to vote)
  • 1950 Israeli airline El Al begins service
  • 1950 Johnny Pramesa (Reds) and Hank Thompson (Giants) hit inside the park HRs

Battle of InterestKorean War Begins

1950 North Korea invades South Korea, beginning the Korean War

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Max Desfor's photograph of refugees fleeing across a destroyed bridge over the Taedong River a few months after the invasion
Max Desfor's photograph of refugees fleeing across a destroyed bridge over the Taedong River a few months after the invasion
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  • 1952 "Wish You Were Here" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 597 performances
  • 1952 Dutch social democratic party wins 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • 1953 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours
  • 1953 86°F in Anchorage, Alaska

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Notre Dame du Haut chapel designed by Le Corbusier is consecrated in Ronchamp, France

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1960 Earthquake in NE Belgium
  • 1960 Madagascar gains independence from France
  • 1960 Somaliland is granted independence by British government
  • 1961 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • 1962 İnönü government forms in Turkey
  • 1962 Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) forms
  • 1962 Supreme Court rules NY school prayer unconstitutional

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 South Africa worker's union leader Curnick Ndlovu arrested
  • 1963 Curnick Ndlovu, South African Trade Unionist and African National Congress Leader, is arrested
  • 1964 Prince A Taylor becomes first African American methodist bishop (NJ)
  • 1965 Gyula Kallai succeeds Janos Kádár as premier of Hungary
  • 1966 Kosmos 122, 1st Soviet weather satellite, launched

Birthdays in History

  • 1242 Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittany, daughter of Henry III of England, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1275)
  • 1328 William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader, born in Donyatt, Somerset, England (d. 1397)
  • 1373 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35), born in Zadar, Dalmatia (d. 1435)
  • 1560 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), born in Hilden, Germany (d. 1634)
  • 1612 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1634)
  • 1715 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician, born in Saumur, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 1789)
  • 1726 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, born in Downing, Wales (d. 1798)
  • 1728 Shah Alam II, 17th Mughal Emperor (1760-1806), born in Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (d. 1806))
  • 1755 Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia, born in Prenzlau, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1776)
  • 1813 William High Keim, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1814 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist, born in Metz, France (d. 1896)
  • 1823 James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederacy's chief foreign agent in Great Britain during the American Civil War, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1901)

Person of interestAntoni Gaudi

1852 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), born in Reus, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1926)

Architect Antoni Gaudi
Antoni Gaudi
  • 1858 Georges Courteline [Moineau], French playwright, born in Tours, France (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel 1920), born in Briesen, West Prussia (d. 1941)
  • 1884 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German-French art dealer and publisher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1886 Henry "Hap" Arnold, American commanding general, US Army Air Force (WWII), born in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania (d. 1950)
  • 1889 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • 1890 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, born in Scharley, Upper Silesia (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Hermann Oberth, German physicist (founded modern astronautics), born in Hermannstadt, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1898 Kay [Katherine Linn] Sage, American painter and poet, born in Albany, New York (d. 1963)

Person of interestLord Mountbatten

1900 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, England (d. 1979)

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1902 Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1953)

Person of interestGeorge Orwell

1903 George Orwell [Eric Arthur Blair], British author (Animal Farm, 1984), born in Motihari, British India (d. 1950)

  • 1904 Jan van Axel [Johannes P. Kraakman], Dutch director (Overschotje)
  • 1907 J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1908 Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2000)
  • 1911 William H. Stein, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in New York (d. 1980)
  • 1912 Virginia Lacy Jones, American librarian and presidential advisor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1984)
  • 1912 William T. Cahill, American politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (1970-74), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford, England (d. 1981)
  • 1923 Dorothy Gilman, American mystery writer, born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Sam Francis, American painter (Basel Mural), born in San Mateo, California (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Tony Parker, British oral historian, born in Stockport, Cheshire (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Nicholas Mosley, British novelist, biographer and son of Oswald Mosley, born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Robert Venturi, American architect (Levittown NY, Las Vegas), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1926 Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian author and poet (Gott von Manhattan), born in Klagenfurt, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1928 Peyo [Pierre Culliford], Belgian cartoonist (The Smurfs; Johan et Pirlouit), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1992)
  • 1928 Alexei Abrikosov, Russian-born American physicist (Nobel Prize 2003), born in Moscow (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Eric Carle, American illustrator, collage artist, and writer of children's books (The Very Hungry Caterpillar), born in Syracuse, New York (d. 2021)
  • 1930 Hugo Gabriel Gryn, British Reform rabbi, born in Berehovo, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)
  • 1931 V.P. [Vishwanath Pratap] Singh, Indian politician, 7th Prime Minister of India (1989-90), born in Allahabad, British India (d. 2008)
  • 1932 Peter Blake, British artist, born in Dartford, Kent, England
  • 1933 Michelangelo Pistoletto, Italian artist (glass painter), born in Biella, Italy

Person of interestJames Meredith

1933 James Meredith, American civil rights activist (1st African-American at the University of Mississippi), born in Kosciusko, Mississippi

Civil Rights Activist James Meredith
Civil Rights Activist
James Meredith
  • 1933 Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect, born in Matosinhos, Portugal
  • 1935 Wynand Breytenbach, South African soldier and politician, Deputy Minister of Defense (1986-94), born in Orange Free State, South Africa (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Larry Kramer, American playwright and AIDS activist, born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 2020)
  • 1936 Paul Nowee, Dutch writer of children's and youth books. (Eagle's Eye), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1936 B. J. Habibie, 3rd President of Indonesia (1998-99) who liberalized Indonesia's press and political party laws, born in Parepare, South Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies (d. 2019)
  • 1937 Marabel Morgan, American author (The Total Woman), born in Crestline, Ohio
  • 1940 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2005)
  • 1942 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1942 Michel Tremblay, Canadian novelist and playwright (Les Belles-Sœurs), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1943 Gerrit "Ger" Zijlstra, Dutch sculptor, born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1943 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer (1st laptop computer), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1946 Roméo Dallaire, Canadian senator and humanitarian, born in Denekamp, Netherlands
  • 1950 Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), born in Safonovo, Russia (d. 1980)
  • 1954 Sonia Sotomayor, American judge (1st woman of color on the US Supreme Court 2009-), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1956 Boris Trajkovski, 2nd President of the Republic of Macedonia, born in Monospitovo, Strumica, SR Macedonia, Yugoslavia (d. 2004)
  • 1956 Bongiwe (Bongi) Dhlomo-Mautloa, South African artist, born in Vryheid, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  • 1961 Timur Bekmambetov, Russian Kazakh director (Night Watch), born in Guryev, Soviet Union
  • 1963 Yann Martel, Spanish-Canadian author (Life of Pi), born in Salamanca, Spain
  • 1964 Greg Raymer, American professional poker player, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • 1966 Richard Matt, American murderer who escaped prison, born in Tonawanda, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1968 Oleg Taktarov, Russian martial artist, born in Arzamas-16, Gorky Oblast, Russian SFSR
  • 1970 Ariel Gore, American journalist and author, born in Carmel, California
  • 1971 Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1987 Sasha Velour [Alexander Steinberg], American drag artist (RuPaul's Drag Race), born in Berkeley, California

Weddings in History

  • 1436 Louis (13), son of French King Charles VII marries Margaret (11), daughter of King James I of Scotland at the Castle of Tours

LoveWedding of Interest

1927 Pediatrician Benjamin Spock (24) weds civil liberties advocate Jane Cheney

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Benjamin Spock

LoveWedding of Interest

1938 Economist Milton Friedman (25) weds Rose Friedman at the Jewish Seminary in New York City

Economist Milton Friedman
Milton Friedman

LoveWedding of Interest

1999 Business magnate Rupert Murdoch (68) weds businesswoman Wendi Deng (30) at the yacht Morning Glory in New York harbor

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch

Deaths in History

  • 635 Emperor Gaozu, first emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty (b. 566)
  • 1134 King Niels of Denmark (1104-1134), dies at 68 or 69
  • 1142 Gulielmus of Vercelli, Italian hermit, monastery founder and saint, dies
  • 1218 Simon de Montfort the elder, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader dies in the siege of Toulouse
  • 1423 Reinald IV, duke of Gelre & Gulik (Reinoud I), dies
  • 1483 Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English noble and writer (translated Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers, possibly 1st book printed in English), beheaded on orders of future Richard III (b. c. 1440)
  • 1514 Berta Jacobsdr [Suster Bertken], Dutch hermit, dies at 87
  • 1533 Mary Tudor, queen consort of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)
  • 1579 Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)
  • 1593 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (Vatican Botanical Garden), dies at 52
  • 1634 John Marston, English poet and playwright (b. 1576)
  • 1665 Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Austria, dies at 34
  • 1669 François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1671 Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (Almagestum Novum), dies at 73
  • 1673 Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan, Captain of the Musketeers under Louis XIV of France (b. 1611)
  • 1686 Simon Ushakov, Russian icon painter (b. 1626)
  • 1710 Antonius Matthaeus, Dutch lawyer and historian, dies at 74
  • 1715 Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and governor (Battle of Málaga), dies ta 68
  • 1785 Pieter Kintsius, Dutch VOC supercarga, chief on Macau, dies at 53
  • 1792 Thomas Peters, Early Sierra Leonean founder (b. 1738)
  • 1798 Thomas Sandby, English architect (Royal Academy's 1st professor of Architecture) dies (b. 1721)
  • 1804 Georges Cadoudal, Breton politician and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, executed at 33
  • 1830 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), dies at 58
  • 1838 François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French Army general, dies at 64
  • 1840 Leopold count of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general and politician, dies at 82
  • 1860 Pōtatau Te Wherowhero, The Māori King, dies at Ngāruawāhia, New Zealand
  • 1861 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, dies at 38
  • 1866 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist, dies at 63
  • 1868 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), dies at 57
  • 1868 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), dies at 88
  • 1875 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1876 Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer, dies at Battle of the Little Bighorn at 27

Person of interestGeorge Armstrong Custer

1876 George Armstrong Custer, United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars, dies at the Battle of Little Bighorn aged 36

  • 1876 Lame White Man, Cheyenne, dies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • 1876 Myles Keogh, US officer, dies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • 1876 Thomas W. Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • 1882 François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • 1896 Emile A.H. Seipgens, Dutch beer brewer and man of letters, dies at 58
  • 1896 Lyman Trumbull, U.S. Senator from Illinois (1855-73), dies at 82
  • 1897 Margaret Oliphant, Scottish novelist and biographer (Beleaguered City), dies at 69
  • 1898 Ferdinand J. Cohn, German botanist and publicist, dies at 70
  • 1906 Stanford White, American architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit at 52
  • 1912 Louis Antoine, Belgian miner and sect leader, dies at about 65
  • 1912 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch-British painter, dies at 76

Person of interestThomas Eakins

1916 Thomas Eakins, American artist (The Gross Clinic), dies at 71

Painter Thomas Eakins
Thomas Eakins
  • 1929 Georges Courteline [Moineau], French playwright, dies at 71
  • 1942 Hans Lietzman, German theologist and church historian, dies at 67
  • 1948 William C. Lee, U.S. general 'Father of the US Airboure', dies at 53
  • 1954 Eduard M. Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Civil Code), dies at 74
  • 1956 Ernest J. King, US fleet admiral, Chief of Naval Operations, dies at 77
  • 1959 Charles Starkweather, American spree killer, executed by electric chair at 20
  • 1960 Walter Baade, German-American astronomer (Andromeda), dies at 67
  • 1961 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, US politician, 1st US elected women governor, Governor of Texas (1925-27, 1933-35), dies at 86
  • 1961 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, dies at 74
  • 1962 Ephraim Lisitsky, American Hebrew poet, dies (b. 1885)
  • 1964 Gerrit T Rietveld, Dutch architect (Sonsbeekpaviljoen), dies at 76
  • 1971 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), dies at 88
  • 1971 John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1974 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1977 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guides, dies at 88
  • 1978 Hussein al-Ghasjmi, president of North-Yemen, murdered
  • 1979 Philippe Halsman, American portrait photographer, dies at 73
  • 1984 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (History of Sexuality), dies of AIDs at 57
  • 1985 Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer, executed by electric chair at 31
  • 1986 Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet, dies at 63
  • 1988 Axis Sally [Mildred E Gillars], US nazi propagandist (WWII), dies
  • 1992 James Stirling, Scottish architect (Neue Staatsgalerie, 1981 Pritzker Prize), dies at 66
  • 1994 Louis-Robert Casterman, Belgian publisher (Kuifje), dies at 74
  • 1995 Warren Earl Burger, American judge, US Supreme Court Justice, dies of heart failure at 78
  • 1996 Ray Howard-Jones, Welsh artist, dies at 93
  • 1996 Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (b. 1914)

Person of interestJacques Cousteau

1997 Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer, dies of heart attack at 87

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • 1997 William Lyle Woratzeck, American convicted killer, executed in Arizona at 51
  • 2001 Yuri Petrovich Sheffer, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 53
  • 2002 Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Jaap Penraat, Dutch architect and WWII resistance fighter, dies at 88
  • 2010 Richard B. Sellars, American business executive (b. 1915)
  • 2014 Harry Hookway, Chief Executive of the British Library (1973-84), dies at 93
  • 2016 Bill Cunningham, American fashion photographer (The New York Times), dies at 87
  • 2017 Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician (Leader of the Scottish National Party), dies at 79
  • 2020 John Kennedy Sr., Australian Rules Football coach (Australian Football Hall of Fame legend; VFL Premiership 1961, 71, 76; Hawthorn FC; North Melbourne FC), dies at 91