On This Day

On This Day in History for June 26

Events in History

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by troops on the battlefield.
  • 684 St Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1243 Battle of Köse Dağ: Mongols under Baiju defeat Seljuk army of Sultan Kaykhusraw II during Mongol attacks in north east Turkey
  • 1284 According to the Lüneburg manuscript, a piper leads 130 children of Hamelin away
  • 1409 Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1483 Duke of Gloucester succeeds as King Richard III of England after Parliament declared Edward V illegitimate

King of England Richard III
King of England
Richard III
  • 1498 Toothbrush invented in China using boar bristles
  • 1553 Christ's Hospital in England granted a charter
  • 1630 Swedish troops under Gustaf II Adolf lands at Peenemunde
  • 1714 Spain & Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement
  • 1718 Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1721 Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
  • 1723 After a lasting siege and bombardment by cannons, Baku surrenders to the Russians.

Victory in BattleBattle of Fleurus

1794 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon

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Jourdan at Fleurus with the balloon l'Entreprenant in the background
Jourdan at Fleurus with the balloon l'Entreprenant in the background
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  • 1797 Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow, though farmers fear effects of iron on soil
  • 1807 Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Ellen G. White is baptized by John Hobart in Portland, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1843 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
  • 1848 1st pure food law enacted in US
  • 1848 End of the June Days uprising in Paris by French workers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1862 Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • 1862 Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • 1862 US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
  • 1870 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • 1879 Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt

InventionHistoric Invention

1894 Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1900 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • 1900 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • 1900 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1902 Aga Khan III is appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 1907 Bolsheviks overthrows transport in Tiflis
  • 1909 Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • 1911 Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1915 Germany suppresses "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
  • 1917 1st US troops arrive in France during World War I
  • 1918 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • 1919 NY Daily News begins publishing
  • 1922 The emergency decrees under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution are invoked by the government to deal with deteriorating economic conditions
  • 1924 After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave Dominican Republic
  • 1927 Comet 7P/Pons-Winnecke approaches within 0.0394 AUs of Earth
  • 1927 The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 First meeting of the International Congresses of Modern Architects (CIAM) at Lake Leman, Switzerland organized by Le Corbusier

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1929 ENKA/Vereinigte Glanzstoff Factory merge AKU (Genl Kunstzijde Union)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1935 Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
  • 1935 SDAP & CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam
  • 1935 Work service for recent graduates becomes obligatory in Germany
  • 1936 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
  • 1936 Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
  • 1940 End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
  • 1941 Lithuanian fascists massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno

  • 1942 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • 1944 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

1945 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

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Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
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  • 1946 Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
  • 1948 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • 1949 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
  • 1950 Pres Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1952 Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Nelson Mandela & 51 others infringe South Africa curfew

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Lavrentiy Beria, one of the trio of Russian leaders after Stalin's death and the former secret police chief, is ousted from power and arrested

Head of the Soviet Secret Police Lavrentiy Beria
Head of the Soviet Secret Police
Lavrentiy Beria
  • 1955 Freedom Charter signed in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Gaston Eyskens becomes Premier of Belgium

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • 1958 Mackinac Straits Bridge, Michigan dedicated
  • 1958 Vanguard SLV-2 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Queen Elizabeth & President Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1960 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
  • 1960 Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
  • 1960 Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian administration
  • 1960 Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
  • 1962 Blacks begin passive resistance in Cairo Ill

  • 1963 Alfons Gorbach forms Austrian government
  • 1963 Dutch 2nd Chamber condemns commercial TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy gives his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" (intended to mean "I am a Berliner", but may actually mean "I am a doughnut") speech in West Berlin

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Blacks & Whites riot over racial segregation in St Augustine
  • 1964 Moise Tsjombe forms government in Congo
  • 1965 Wallon party forms in Belgium
  • 1966 Kanton Bazel leads female suffrage in Switzerland

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1967 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals including Karol Józef Wojtyła, the Archbishop of Cracow and future Pope John Paul II

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1968 Executive Council decides both AL & NL to divide into 2 divisions

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1968 Iwo Jima & Bonin Islands returned to Japan by US

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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  • 1970 Two young girls die in a premature explosion in Derry after their father, a member of the Irish Republican Army, was making an incendiary device, presumably for use against the British Army
  • 1971 Angels suspend Alex Johnson (after 5 benchings & 29 fines)
  • 1972 The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill two British Army soldiers in separate attacks during the day and at midnight begins a "bi-lateral truce"
  • 1973 On Plesetsk Cosmodrome, USSR, 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
  • 1974 The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1975 Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • 1975 U.S. Supreme Court's rules unanimously in "O'Connor v. Donaldson" that non-dangerous people can't be confined to psychiatric facilities without adequate treatment if able to live viably in outside society
  • 1977 42 die in fire inmate causes at Maury County Jail in Columbia Tenn
  • 1977 The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
  • 1977 Tim Severin aboard the Brendan reaches Newfoundland in attempt to prove sixth-century Irish monks could have voyaged across the Atlantic
  • 1978 Brittany separatists bomb Palace of Versailles in France
  • 1978 First dedicated oceanographic satellite, SEASAT 1, launched
  • 1978 Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overruns the runway and crashes into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers on board perish.

Birthdays in History

  • 1575 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Halle (Saale), Holy Roman Empire (d. 1612)
  • 1655 Jean Deutz, merchant and Amsterdam regent, born in Amsterdam (d. 1719)
  • 1681 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, born in Three Crowns Castle, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1708)
  • 1689 Edward Holyoke, American academic and 9th President of Harvard University, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1769)
  • 1694 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist, born in Riddarhyttan, Sweden (d. 1768)
  • 1702 Philip Doddridge, English Nonconformist clergyman, born in London (d. 1751)
  • 1703 Thomas Clap, American academic, 1st President of Yale University, born in Scituate, Massachusetts (d. 1767)

Person of interestCharles Messier

1730 Charles Messier, French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), born in Badonviller, Lorraine, France (d. 1817)

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • 1742 Arthur Middleton, American signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1787)
  • 1760 Johan I Jozef, Monarch of Liechtenstein and fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1836)
  • 1763 George Morland, English artist of rural landscapes, born in London (d. 1804)
  • 1817 Branwell Brontë [Patrick Branwell Brontë], English painter and writer and brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne, born in Thornton, West Yorkshire, England (d. 1848)
  • 1821 Bartolomé Mitre [Martínez], Argentine general, author, statesman and President (1862-1868), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1906)

Person of interestWilliam Thomson

1824 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • 1831 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace), born in Rodenberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1837 Martin Davis Hardin II, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1923)
  • 1837 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lauw, France (d. 1864)

Person of interestRobert Borden

1854 Robert Borden, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1911-20), born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia (d. 1937)

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • 1865 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), born in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1865 Charles Bonin, French explorer and diplomat (China), born in Poissy, France (d. 1929)
  • 1866 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • 1869 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (Pelle Erobreren), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1954)
  • 1880 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, born in Perovo, Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1952)
  • 1881 Ya'akov Cahan, Hebrew poet and writer, born in Slutsk, Belarus (d. 1960)
  • 1885 Anna Maria Franciska van Wageningen-Salomons, Dutch author (Girl Student), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1887 Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, British philanthropist, born in London (d. 1961)
  • 1888 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), born in Zonfingen, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • 1891 Sidney Coe Howard, American dramatist (Swords, Pulitzer 1925), born in Oakland, California (d. 1939)
  • 1892 Pearl S. Buck, American author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938), born in Hillsboro, West Virginia (d. 1973)
  • 1895 Jankel Adler, Polish painter and printmaker, born in Tuszyn, Łódź, Poland (d. 1949)
  • 1898 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer, born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1898 Chesty Puller, US Marine Corps lieutenant general and the most decorated Marine in history, born in West Point, Virginia (d. 1971)
  • 1899 Maria Nikolaevna, 3rd daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1900 Jo Spier [Joseph Spier], Dutch cartoonist and water color painter, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1901 Stuart Symington, U.S. senator from Missouri (1953–76), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Bill Lear, American engineer, manufacturer and CEO (Lear Jet Corp), born in Hannibal, Missouri (d. 1978)
  • 1903 Ashley Clarke, British diplomat to Italy and president (Venice in Peril Fund) (d. 1994)
  • 1904 Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer, born in Preston, Ontario (d. 1951)
  • 1905 Jack Longland, British director of education (Derbyshire), born in London (d. 1993)
  • 1905 Jan Louis Guillaume Doornik, Dutch resistance fighter in France, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • 1906 Stefan Andres, German writer (Wir sind Utopia), born in Dhrönchen (d. 1970)
  • 1906 Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer, born in Sebring, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1909 Colonel Tom Parker [Andreas Cornelis van Kuijk], Dutch-born talent manager (Elvis Presley), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Betty Askwith, British writer and biographer (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Nicholas Polunin, British botanist and environmentalist, born in Checkendon, Oxfordshire (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Charles Spry, Australian soldier and security chief, born in Brisbane, Queensland (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Edward H. Levi, American law professor (Intro to Legal Reasoning), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • 1913 Maurice Wilkes, British computer scientist and inventor (stored program concept for computers), born in Dudley, England (d. 2010)
  • 1913 Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician, born in Basse-Pointe, Martinique (d. 2008)
  • 1914 Laurie Lee, English poet and author (I Can't Stay Long), born in Slad, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Paul Castellano, American organized-crime chief, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1915 Charlotte Zolotow, American author and publisher of children's books (When the Wind Stops), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 2013)
  • 1917 Wille Hamilton, British MP, born in Houghton-le-Spring, England (d. 2000)
  • 1919 Lord Rawlinson, British attorney general (Ewell) (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Michael Eastham, Judge of the High Court of Justice Family Division 1978-93 (d. 1993)
  • 1921 Abe Jan Koldijk, SS-physician (Limburg's family doctor), born in Vreeland, Netherlands
  • 1921 Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent, born in Paris, France (d. 1945)
  • 1922 Alan T. Peacock, British economist, born in Ryton, England (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Campbell Adamson, British industrialist and CEO (Abbey National Pictures), born in Perth, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1923 David Haslam, British rear admiral (hydrographer), born in Derby, England (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Barbara Graham, American criminal convicted of murder, born in Oakland, California (d. 1955)
  • 1924 Peter Miles, British Army officer, businessman and courtier in the Household of Elizabeth II, born in Long Ashton, Somerset (d. 2013)
  • 1924 Kostas Axelos, Greek-French philosopher, born in Athens, Greece (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Pavel Belyayev, Soviet fighter pilot and cosmonaut (Voskhod II), born in Chelishchevo, Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1927 Leslie Carpenter, British publishing executive and CEO (Reed International)
  • 1928 Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1929 Alexander Fenton, CEO (Euro Ethnological Research Center in Edinburgh), born in Shotts, Lanarkshire (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Francesco Cossiga, Italian politician and 8th President of the Italian Republic (1985-92), born in Sassari, Kingdom of Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1929 Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, born in Lancaster (d. 1995)
  • 1929 Milton Glaser, American graphic designer (founded New York Magazine, created the I ♥ NY" logo), born in NYC, New York (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Colin Wilson, English author (Afterlife, Book of Great Mysteries), born in Leicester, Leicestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1933 David Winnick, British Labour Party MP, born in Brighton, Sussex, England
  • 1934 John V Tunney, American politician (Rep/Sen-D-California), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1934 Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist and spy, born in England (d. 1965)
  • 1935 Douglas Peterson, American politician and diplomat, born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1936 Robert Maclennan, Baron Maclennan of Rogart, born in Glasgow
  • 1937 Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Neil Abercrombie, American politician (Rep-D-Hawaii, 1986-88), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1938 Gerald North, American climatologist, born in Sweetwater, Tennessee
  • 1939 Ansar Ilgamovich, Russian cosmonaut, born in Satka, Russia
  • 1939 Chuck [Charles] Robb, American politician, 64th Governor of Virginia, born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1939 Smangaliso Mkhatshwa, South African Secretary-General (Bishops' Conference 1983-88), born in Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa
  • 1941 Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist (L'enfirouapé), born in Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
  • 1942 Orin C Smith, American businessman and CEO of Starbucks (2000-05), born in Ryderwood, Washington (d. 2018)
  • 1944 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
  • 1945 Dwight York, Nuwaubian leader (Nuwaubian Nation), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1956 Azhar Cachalia, Scottish-South African leader (United Democratic Front), born in Scotland
  • 1956 Bernard A. Harris Jr., African American astronaut (STS 55, 63), born in Temple, Texas
  • 1957 Philippe Couillard, 31st Premier of Quebec and Minister of Health, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1958 Glen Stewart Godwin, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1962 George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, elder son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire, England
  • 1963 Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman and philanthropist, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1963 Richard Garfield, American mathematician and game designer (Magic: The Gathering), born in Philadelphia
  • 1964 Zeng Jinlian, tallest woman known (2.46 m, 8'1"), born in Hunan, China (d. 1982)
  • 1975 KJ-52 [Jonah Kirsten Sorrentino], American hip hop artist, born in Tampa, Florida
  • 1977 Kubo Tite, Japanese manga artist (Bleach), born in Fuchū, Hiroshima, Japan
  • 1985 Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader, born in Chamdo County, Tibet Autonomous Region, China
  • 1988 King Bach Andrew B. Bachelor, Canadian American internet personality (most watched in Vine), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 2005 Alexia Juliana Marcela Laurentien, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, second daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima, born in HMC Bronovo, The Hague, Netherlands

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1739 Taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus (32) weds Sara Elisabeth Moræa

Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus

LoveWedding of Interest

1912 US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles (24) weds Janet Pomeroy Avery at Auburn, New York

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles

LoveWedding of Interest

1915 Poet T. S. Eliot (26) weds governess Vivienne Haigh-Wood (27) at Hampstead Register Office in London

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • 1982 Marie Osmond marries Steve Craig
  • 1989 Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson marry for 2nd time
  • 1999 Bestselling novelist Tom Clancy (52) weds freelance journalist Alexandra Llewellyn (32) in Manhattan

Deaths in History

  • 363 Julian the Apostate, Roman Emperor (361-63)
  • 1274 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Persian philosopher, architect and mathematician (Tadhkirah fi ʿilm al-hay) dies at 73
  • 1291 Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England

MurderFrancisco Pizarro

1541 Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1631 Justinus van Nassau, ltalian admiral (Armada), dies
  • 1666 Richard Fanshawe, diplomat/translator/poet, dies
  • 1688 Ralph Cudworth, philosopher/cleric, dies
  • 1793 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), dies at 72
  • 1796 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1810 Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French inventor (b. 1740)
  • 1819 Slome Duikelar [Abraham J Swalff], Yiddish writer, dies
  • 1827 Christian A Vulpius, German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini), dies
  • 1827 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine), dies at 73
  • 1830 George IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover (1820-30), dies of upper gastrointestinal bleeding resulting from the rupture of a blood vessel in his stomach at 67
  • 1848 Stevenson Archer, American judge and Congressmen from Maryland, dies at 61
  • 1856 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), dies at 49
  • 1863 Andrew Hull Foote, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 56
  • 1878 Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain, dies at 18
  • 1896 Louis CPR of Orleans, French duke (chosen king of Belgian), dies at 81
  • 1896 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, dies at 81
  • 1918 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 74
  • 1922 Albert H K, monarch of Monaco (1889-1922), dies at 73
  • 1926 Christina Goedvolk, wife of Henry Jut, dies
  • 1937 Adolf Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), dies at 82

Person of interestJames Weldon Johnson

1938 James Weldon Johnson, African American leader (NAACP), dies in a car crash at 67

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1939 Ford M Ford [Hueffer], British writer, (Tietjens Saga) dies at 65
  • 1943 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), commits suicide at 39
  • 1946 Max Kögel, SS officer (b. 1895)
  • 1946 Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (b. 1880)
  • 1949 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1939-48), dies at 72
  • 1957 Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
  • 1958 Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Vocation), dies at 93
  • 1958 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
  • 1961 Kenneth F. Fearing, American poet (Afternoon of a pawnbroker), dies at 58
  • 1963 Obe Postma, Fries, poet/geography/historian (Own Cart), dies
  • 1964 Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian hockey executive, dies at 74
  • 1965 Johan C T Kikkert, painter/etcher/critic, dies at 82
  • 1965 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system), dies at 69
  • 1972 David Lichine [Lichtenstein], Russian/US choreographer, dies at 61
  • 1975 St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
  • 1977 Oskar Morgenstern, German American economist, dies at 75
  • 1978 Rabbaji, president of South-Yemen, executed
  • 1979 Charles Clore, financier, dies
  • 1982 Alexander Mitscherlich, German psychotherapist, dies at 73
  • 1984 Carl Foreman, producer, dies of cancer at 69
  • 1987 Arthur F. Burns, American economist and chairman (Federal Reserve Board), dies at 82
  • 1990 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (b. 1909)
  • 1993 Catherine Leno, mother of The Tonight Show host Jay, dies of cancer at 82
  • 1993 Jack Bittner, entertainer, dies
  • 1993 William H. Riker, American political scientist (b. 1920)
  • 1994 A "Bob" den Doolaard, author (Inn with the horseshoe), dies at 93
  • 1994 Ian Board, British barkeeper (Colony Room), dies at 64
  • 1994 Jahanara Imam, Bangladeshi writer and political activist, dies at 65
  • 1996 Veronica Guerin, Irish crime journalist, murdered by drug lords at 36
  • 2002 Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Denver Randleman, U.S. Army Seargent (b. 1920)
  • 2003 Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (Sen-D/R-SC), dies at 100
  • 2003 Sir Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)

Person of interestLiz Claiborne

2007 Liz Claiborne, American fashion designer, entrepreneur and founder of Liz Claiborne Inc, dies of cancer at 78

Fashion Designer Liz Claiborne
Fashion Designer
Liz Claiborne
  • 2010 Algirdas Brazauskas, President of Lithuania (b. 1932)
  • 2013 Bert Stern, American photographer, dies at 83
  • 2015 Ash Brownridge, American conservationist (National Wildlife Federation) creator of Ranger Rick, dies at 98
  • 2015 Richard Matt, American murderer who escaped prison, shot and killed on the run at 49
  • 2016 Barbara Goldsmith, author (Little Gloria Happy At Last), dies at 85
  • 2020 Milton Glaser, American graphic designer (founded New York Magazine, created the I ♥ NY" logo), dies at 91