On This Day

On This Day in History for June 27

Events in History

  • 678 St Agatho begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 992 Battle of Conquereuil won by the Count of Anjou, Fulk the Black, defeating Conan I, Count of Brittany, in western France
  • 1358 Republic of Dubrovnik is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1542 Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
  • 1580 Duke of Alva's army occupies Portugal
  • 1652 New Amsterdam (now New York City) enacts first speed limit law in North America
  • 1693 1st sea battle of Lagos: a French fleet under Anne Hilarion de Tourville defeated an Anglo-Dutch fleet under George Rooke
  • 1697 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1709 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava, Charles goes into exile

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII

Battle of InterestBattle of Dettingen

1743 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.

Learn More
King George II with the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Dettingen
King George II with the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Dettingen
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1746 Flora MacDonald helps Bonnie Prince Charlie, disguised as Betty Burke an Irish maid, evade capture by landing him on the Isle of Skye

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1756 French fleet conquer St Philips Castle of Minorca

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1759 British general James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe

USALiberty Bell

1778 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure

Learn More
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 French Revolution: King Louis XVI orders the nobility and clergy of the Estates-General to meet with the Third Estate, by then called the National Assembly

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1806 Buenos Aires captured by British

  • 1833 Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury, Connecticut
  • 1847 New York & Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • 1857 Bibighar massacre of 120 British women and children following the siege of Cawnpore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • 1862 -28] Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Gaines's Mill, VA (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
  • 1863 Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
  • 1867 Bank of California opens doors
  • 1876 1st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • 1876 Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as US presidential candidate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1893 Great stock crash on NY stock exchange

Around The World Alone In A Fishing BoatAround The World Alone In A Fishing Boat

1898 Canadian-American adventurer Joshua Slocum arrives in Newport, Rhode Island, completing the 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe

Read Article
The Spray, in which Joshua Slocum sailed 46,000 miles around the world
The Spray, in which Joshua Slocum sailed 46,000 miles around the world
Read Article
  • 1905 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • 1909 Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Neth (Belgium count De Lambert)
  • 1914 US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia
  • 1915 100°F (38°C), Fort Yukon, Alaska (state record)
  • 1915 Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Venizelos takes over as Prime Minister of Greece and severs relations with Central Powers, bringing Greece onside with the Allies in WWI

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • 1922 Newberry Medal 1st presented for kids literature (Hendrik Van Loon)

Plane1st Aerial Refueling

1923 Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane

Learn More
Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter (bottom aircraft) performing the first aerial refueling over the skies of Rockwell Field in California, June 27, 1923.
Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter (bottom aircraft) performing the first aerial refueling over the skies of Rockwell Field in California, June 27, 1923.
Learn More
  • 1929 1st color TV demo, performed by Bell Laboratories in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WWI

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1934 Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Jim Londos in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1939 1st night game at Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Indians 5, Tigers 0)
  • 1940 Soviet Army attacks Romania

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1940 USSR returns to the Gregorian calendar, using Sunday as a rest day, after 6 years using a Russian six-day calendar

Read Article
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1941 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • 1941 Nazi manifest against the Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1942 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • 1942 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • 1943 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • 1943 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • 1944 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • 1945 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • 1947 98°F (36.8°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1949 "Captain Video & His Video Rangers" debut on DUMONT-TV
  • 1950 US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 North Korean troops reach Seoul, UN asks members to aid South Korea, Harry Truman orders US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

  • 1950 South Africa heeds United Nations call to assist Korea
  • 1953 Joseph Laniel appointed French premier
  • 1954 1st atomic power station opens - Obninsk, near Moscow in Russia
  • 1954 CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala
  • 1955 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
  • 1957 Hurricane Audrey, kills 526 in Louisiana & Texas
  • 1957 The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
  • 1958 Billy Pierce's perfect game bid broken with 2 outs in 9th
  • 1958 Harry Burrell flies KC-135 record (5:27:42.8) NY to London
  • 1959 Players vote Henry Aaron unanimously for the All-Star Game
  • 1960 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
  • 1960 Chlorophyll "A" synthesized in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1960 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opens
  • 1961 Ghana imposes a total ban on exports to South Africa and South West Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 6,606 kph, 37,700 m

Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot Joseph A. Walker
Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot
Joseph A. Walker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Ross Perot begins Electronic Data Systems

Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate Ross Perot
Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate
Ross Perot
  • 1962 In South Africa, the General Law Amendment Act (Sabotage Act) No 76 commences, increasing the state president's power to declare organisations unlawful and to add further restrictions to banning orders
  • 1963 Bill J Kramer & Dakotas record Lennon & McCartney "I Call Your Name"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy spend his 1st full day in Ireland

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth in X-15 reaches 86,900 m

  • 1967 Race riot in Buffalo NY (200 arrested)
  • 1967 The world's first ATM is installed in Enfield, London
  • 1968 Ludvik Vaculik publishes "Manifest of 2000 words" in Prague
  • 1970 Following the arrest of Bernadette Devlin, intense riots erupt in Derry and Belfast leading to a prolonged gun battle between Irish republicans and loyalists
  • 1971 Bill Graham's New York rock venue Fillmore East closes down, to be succeeded by Fillmore West in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Legendary video game and home computer Atari, Inc. founded by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney in Sunnyvale, California

Electrical Engineer, Businessman and Founder of Atari Nolan Bushnell
Electrical Engineer, Businessman and Founder of Atari
Nolan Bushnell
  • 1973 John W Dean tells Watergate Committee about Nixon's "enemies list"
  • 1973 Uruguayan president dissolves parliament and heads a coup d'état
  • 1974 US President Nixon visits USSR
  • 1976 Air France Airbus hijacked in Germany to Uganda
  • 1976 Portuguese general Antonio Eanes elected president
  • 1976 In South Africa, the National President of the Black People's Convention, Kenneth Hlaku Rachidi, declares that riots in Soweto have lead to a new era of political consciousness
  • 1976 Air France A-300B Airbus hijacked from Athens arrives at Entebbe, Uganda; four hijackers members Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Bader-Meinhof Gang in Germany
  • 1977 5-4 Supreme Court decision allows lawyers to advertise
  • 1977 Djibouti (Afars & Issas) claims Independence from France
  • 1978 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m, 7:32.1
  • 1978 Soyuz 30 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Polish) to Salyut 6 space station
  • 1978 US Seasat 1, 1st oceanographic satellite, launched into polar orbit
  • 1979 Supreme Court rules employers may use quotas to help minorities
  • 1980 1st female state police graduates (NJ)
  • 1980 Italian plane crashes into Tyrrheense Sea, kills 81
  • 1980 US revives draft registration
  • 1981 Cambodia adopts its constitution
  • 1981 Pamela Jenks, aged 21, is crowned the 14th Miss Black America

Birthdays in History

  • 1040 Ladislaus I, King of Hungary, born in Kingdom of Poland (d. 1095)
  • 1350 Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (1391-1425) (d. 1425)

Person of interestLouis XII

1462 Louis XII, the Just, King of France (1498-1515), born in Château de Blois, France (d. 1515)

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII

Person of interestCharles IX of France

1550 Charles IX [Carl], King of France (1560-74), born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1574)

  • 1615 Johann Paul Schor, German Baroque painter, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1674)
  • 1696 William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier, born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1759)
  • 1717 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, born in Paris (d. 1799)
  • 1787 Thomas Say, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1834)
  • 1809 François Certain Canrobert, French marshal and parliament member, born in Saint-Céré, France (d. 1895)
  • 1828 Junius Daniel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Halifax, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • 1838 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Indian novelist (Anandamath), born in Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1894)
  • 1838 Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • 1846 Charles Stewart Parnell, English-Irish Home Rule Party leader, born in Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland (d. 1891)
  • 1849 Harriet Hubbard Ayer, American cosmetics manufacturer and columnist, born in Chicago (d. 1903)
  • 1850 Ivan Vazov, Bulgarian poet, novelist and playwright (Under the Yoke), born in Sopot, Bulgaria (d. 1921)
  • 1850 Lafcadio Hearn, American author (Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan), born in Leucas, Greece (d. 1904)
  • 1850 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (Gram–Schmidt process), born in Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • 1869 Emma Goldman, American anarchist and publisher (Mother Earth), born in Kovno, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1869 Kate Carew [Mary Williams], American caricaturist, born in Oakland, California (d. 1961)
  • 1869 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1941)

Person of interestPaul Laurence Dunbar

1872 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet and novelist (Oak & Ivory), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1906)

  • 1878 Jean François van Royen, Dutch bibliophile, secretary-general of PTT, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1942)

Person of interestHelen Keller

1880 Helen Keller, American political activist, author (The Story of My Life) and lecturer, who was the 1st deaf-blind person to earn a BA, born in Tuscumbia, Alabama (d. 1968)

Author Helen Keller
Helen Keller
  • 1882 Eduard Spranger, German psychologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1884 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu), born in Bar-sur-Aube, France (d. 1962)
  • 1888 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian, born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1960)
  • 1889 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1892 Paul Colin, French poster designer, born in Nancy, France (d. 1985)
  • 1896 Franciscus J. Feron, vicaris-general of Roermond (d. 1958)
  • 1898 Ajla Rachmanova, Russian-Austrian author (Students), born in Kasli, Russia (d. 1991)
  • 1899 Juan Trippe, American airline pioneer and entrepreneur (Pan Am founder), born in Sea Bright, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Otto Passman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana (1947-77), born in Franklinton, Washington Parish Louisiana (d. 1988)
  • 1905 Ruby Middleton Forsythe, African-American teacher (50 years in 1 room school in SC), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1992)
  • 1906 Catherine Cookson, English novelist (Bannaman Legacy), born in Jarrow, Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • 1906 Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd), born in Maesteg, Wales (d. 1967)
  • 1908 João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian writer (The Devil to Pay in the Backlands), born in Cordisburgo, Brazil (d. 1967)
  • 1911 Alfred Scott Witherbee Jr., American 3 year old who drowned on Lusitania (d. 1915)
  • 1914 Giorgio Almirante, Italian fascist (member of parliament (1948-87)), born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (co-founding the Inland Waterways Association), born in London (d. 1981)
  • 1916 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Ron Hayward, English politician, General Secretary of the Labour Party, born in Chipping Sodbury, Oxfordshire (d. 1996)
  • 1921 G. M. J. Veldkamp, Dutch politician (CDA), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1922 Herbert Ziergiebel, German writer, born in Nordhorn, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1924 Paul Conrad, American cartoonist (Pulitzer 1964, 71, 84), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 2010)
  • 1924 Efua Sutherland, Ghanaian writer (Nyamekye), born in Cape Coast, Ghana (d. 1996)
  • 1927 David Hobman, English human right activist and director (Age Concern England) (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Rudy Perpich, American politician, 34th & 36th Governor of Minnesota, born in Carson Lake, Minnesota (d. 1995)

Person of interestRoss Perot

1930 Ross Perot, American businessman (Electronic Data Systems, Perot Systems), billionaire and presidential candidate (1992, 1996), born in Texarkana, Texas (d. 2019)

Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate Ross Perot
Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate
Ross Perot
  • 1931 Charles Bronfman, Canadian-American CEO (Seagrams, Montreal Expos) and philanthropist, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1932 Joachim Wohlgemuth, German writer, born in Prenzlau, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1935 Eduard Pavlovich Kugno, Russian cosmonaut, born in Poltava, Ukraine (d. 1994)
  • 1936 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2011)
  • 1936 Lucille Clifton, American poet (Two-Headed Woman), born in Depew, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1937 Joseph P. Allen, American NASA astronaut (STS-5, STS 51A), born in Crawfordsville, Indiana
  • 1938 Bruce Babbitt, American attorney and politician (47th United States Secretary of the Interior), born in Flagstaff, Arizona
  • 1941 James P. Hogan, British sci-fi author (Giants' Star), born in London (d. 2010)
  • 1944 Kees [Cornelis Johannes] Ouwens, Dutch writer and poet (Intimate Acts), born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1945 Norma Kamali, American dress designer (Costumes for the Wiz), born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 Omar Badsha, South African photographer, trade unionist and political activist, born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1946 Sally Priesand, 1st U.S. woman rabbi, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1949 Vera Wang, American fashion designer (Vera Wang Fashions), born in New York City
  • 1951 Sidney M. Gutierrez, Mjr USAF and NASA astronaut (STS 40, 59), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1951 Mary McAleese, 8th President of Ireland (1997-2011), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1952 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), born in Taplejung, Nepal (d. 1993)
  • 1955 Frank de Grave [Franciscus Hendrikus Gerardus de Grave], Dutch politician (VVD), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1956 Ted Haggard, American evangelical preacher (New Life Church, Colorado), born in Yorktown, Indiana
  • 1959 Dan Jurgens, American comic book writer (The Death of Superman), born in Ortonville, Minnesota
  • 1960 Jim Nussle, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa (2003-07), born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1963 Paul Roos, Australian rules footballer, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1966 Giambattista Valli, Italian fashion designer, born in Rome, Italy

Weddings in History

  • 1524 Earl Henry III of Nassau weds Mencia de Medoza, 16-years old marquess

LoveWedding of Interest

1895 Journalist Ida B. Wells marries attorney Ferdinand L. Barnett at Bethel AME Church in Chicago

Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist Ida B. Wells
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist
Ida B. Wells

LoveWedding of Interest

1948 Inventor Jack Kilby (24) weds Barbara Annegers

Engineer and Computer Scientist Jack Kilby
Engineer and Computer Scientist
Jack Kilby
  • 1998 Prince Michael of Greece daughter Princess Alexandra (29) weds perfume executive Nicolas Mirzayantz (37) in Torcello Island
  • 2016 27th and present titular Maharaja of Mysore Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar (34) weds Trishika Kumari Singh in Mysore, India

Deaths in History

  • 444 Cyrillus van Alexandria, patriarch of Alexandria, dies
  • 1137 Guigo de Castro [Venerabilis], 5th prior of Grande Chartreuse, dies
  • 1162 Eudes II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1118)
  • 1296 Floris V, count of Holland & Zeeland, dies

Person of interestAlfonso V of Aragon

1458 Alfonso V, King of Aragon/Sicily/Naples (Alfonso I), dies

  • 1543 Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet and litterateur, dies at 49
  • 1574 Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and art historian (Vasari's Lives), dies at 62
  • 1603 Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
  • 1627 John Hayward, English historian
  • 1638 Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies
  • 1641 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt, Dutch royal painter, dies at 74
  • 1654 Johann V Andreae, German vicar/writer (Christenburg), dies at 67
  • 1672 Roger Twysden, English antiquarian and royalist, dies at 74
  • 1720 Guillaume Amfrye de Chaulieu, French poet (b. 1639)
  • 1757 Willem Gideon Deutz, Amsterdam regent, banker and merchant, dies at 59
  • 1773 Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (b. circa 1706)
  • 1776 Thomas Hickey, plan to hand George Washington to British, executed
  • 1785 Egbert de Free Temminck, Amsterdam regent, dies at 84
  • 1794 Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
  • 1794 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
  • 1827 Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
  • 1829 James Smithson, English scientist dies at about 64, his will leaves half a million dollars to the United States to establishes the Smithsonian Institute
  • 1839 Ranjit Singh, gov of Lahore, dies

Person of interestJoseph Smith

1844 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the LDS, shot by a mob at 38

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • 1848 Denis-Auguste Affre, Archbishop of Paris (1840-48) and opponent of King Louis-Philippe, shot to death at 54
  • 1848 Heinrich Zschokke, German Swiss writer, dies at 77
  • 1859 Jean Chrétien Baud, Dutch gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1834-36), dies at 69
  • 1862 Chatham Roberdeau Wheat, Confederate major, dies in battle at about 35
  • 1863 Martin E Green, Confederate brigadier general, shot dead at 38
  • 1864 Charles Garrison Harker, US Union-brigadier general, dies at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain battle at 26
  • 1873 Hiram Powers, American sculptor (Greek Slave), dies at 67
  • 1876 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, German naturalist and zoologist (micro-organisms), dies at 81
  • 1876 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, dies at 74
  • 1907 Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator and the co-founder and first president of Radcliffe College, dies at 84
  • 1917 Gustav von Schmolle, German economist (Historical School), dies at 79
  • 1917 Karl Allmenröder, German World War I flying Ace, dies at 21
  • 1917 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism), dies at 79
  • 1935 Eugene Augustin Lauste, French inventor (b. 1857)
  • 1944 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • 1950 Milada Horakova, Czech advocate/anti fascist, hanged
  • 1952 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), dies at 73
  • 1955 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch politician (SDAP), dies at 77
  • 1957 Malcolm Lowry, English writer (Ultramarine), dies at 48
  • 1960 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain dies at 69
  • 1961 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, dies of cancer at 52
  • 1962 Paul Viiding, Estonian poet, dies at 58
  • 1965 Anthony Veiller, writer, dies at 62
  • 1966 Arthur D Waley [Schloss], British sinology/poet (Monkey), dies
  • 1973 Earl Browder, leader US Communist Party (1930-45), dies at 82
  • 1983 Don Ida, balloonists, dies during a race
  • 1983 Maxie Anderson, balloonists, dies during a race
  • 1988 Léonie Adams, American poetess (High Falcon), dies at 88
  • 1989 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), dies at 78
  • 1991 Klas Bruinsma, leader criminal organization, murdered
  • 1991 Willem J [Molly] Geertsema, liberal/foreign minister), dies
  • 1993 Wolfgang Grams, German RAF-terrorist, shot to death at 40
  • 1994 Jeremy Brooks, English writer (Jampot Smith), dies at 67
  • 1996 Roy James Alfred Kaulback, soldier, dies at 85
  • 1998 Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician, dies at 62
  • 1998 Boris Nikolayevich Belousov, Soviet cosmonaut, dies at 67
  • 1998 Desmond Heap, British lawyer and authority on British planning law, dies at 90
  • 1999 Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (head of the military coup d'état that took place in Greece on 21 April 1967), dies at 80

Person of interestTove Jansson

2001 Tove Jansson, Finnish author and illustrator (Moomins), dies at 86

Author and Illustrator Tove Jansson
Author and Illustrator
Tove Jansson
  • 2004 George Patton IV, American general in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, dies of Parkinson's disease at 80
  • 2005 Shelby Foote, American author and historian (b. 1917)
  • 2005 John T. Walton, American businessman (b. 1946)
  • 2005 Ray Holmes, Battle of Britain veteran (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Domino Harvey, English-born bounty hunter (b. 1969)
  • 2006 Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, Mexican serial killer, known as "The Railway Killer" (b. 1959)
  • 2007 Dragutin Tadijanović, Croatian poet (b. 1905)
  • 2008 Michael Turner, American comic book artist (b. 1971)
  • 2008 Sam Manekshaw, Indian Field Marshal (b. 1914)
  • 2010 Dolph Briscoe, American businessman and 41st Governor of Texas (1973-79), dies at 87
  • 2011 Gisèle Rabesahala, Malagasy politician (1st female minister) and human righter activist, dies at 82
  • 2016 Alvin Toffler, American author (Future Shock, Power Shift, The Third Wave), dies at 87
  • 2018 Joe Jackson, American talent manager and patriarch of the Jackson family, dies at 89