On This Day

On This Day in History for June 28

Events in History

  • 683 Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 767 St Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul
  • 1119 Battle of Sarmada - Emir Ilghazi defeats French Crusaders
  • 1245 1st Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1389 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe

CrownRoyal Coronation

1461 Edward IV crowned king of England

King of England Edward IV
King of England
Edward IV
  • 1485 Gent/Brugge/Ieper recognize Maximilian of Austria as regent of Netherlands

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1519 King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1524 Duke of Bourbon occupies Province
  • 1575 Spanish troops conquer Buren
  • 1593 Earl Mauritius conquers Geertruidenberg
  • 1629 Peace of Alès: Rights of French huguenots limited
  • 1635 French colony of Guadeloupe established in the Caribbean
  • 1651 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1675 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden

  • 1748 Riot after public execution in Amsterdam, 200+ killed
  • 1762 1st reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1762 Russian Tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself sovereign ruler of Russia

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1770 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress

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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
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  • 1776 Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack
  • 1778 Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (General Washington beats Clinton)
  • 1778 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • 1807 British troops land at Ensenada, Argentina
  • 1820 Tomato is proven to be non-poisonous by Colonel Robert Gibbon eating a tomato on steps of courthouse in Salem, New Jersey
  • 1832 Gerrit Moll measures noise of guns
  • 1833 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtain permission from Chief Moshoeshoe (Moshesh) to found a mission station in Basutoland (now Lesotho)

UKCoronation of Queen Victoria

1838 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London

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Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey by Sir George Hayter
Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey by Sir George Hayter
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  • 1841 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • 1855 The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
  • 1859 1st dog show held, in Newcastle upon Tyne, England
  • 1861 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest
  • 1862 Day 4 of 7 Day Battle of Savage's Station [Garnett's Farm] in Virginia
  • 1865 The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
  • 1869 Amsterdam typographer strike

  • 1870 U.S. Congress creates federal holidays (New Year's Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day), initially applicable only to federal employees
  • 1874 Freedmen's Bank closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880 Australian bushranger Ned Kelly captured at Glenrowan

Bushranger and Outlaw Ned Kelly
Bushranger and Outlaw
Ned Kelly
  • 1894 Labor Day established as a holiday for US federal employees
  • 1894 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • 1895 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves France for Tahiti for the second time

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1897 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
  • 1902 US Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1902 US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million
  • 1902 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1904 International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1904 SS Norge runs aground and sinks off Rockall, North Atlantic, more than 635 die, largest maritime loss of life until Titanic
  • 1909 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • 1911 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France
  • 1917 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • 1918 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
  • 1919 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • 1922 The Irish Civil War starts when Irish Free State forces attack anti-treaty republicans in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

  • 1924 Tornado strikes Sandusky and Lorain, Ohio, killing 93
  • 1926 Mercedes Benz forms when the world's oldest automobile manufacturers DMG and Benz & Cie merge
  • 1928 Alfred E Smith (NY-Governor) nominated for US President at Democratic Convention
  • 1928 Friedrich Schmiedl attempts rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)
  • 1930 1st night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on KC Monarchs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Hitler flies to Essen (for Night of Long Knives)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Earl Averill's consecutive-game streak ends at 673

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China
  • 1939 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper)
  • 1940 "Quiz Kids?" premieres on radio
  • 1940 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • 1941 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • 1941 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • 1942 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • 1945 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • 1946 Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st President of Italy
  • 1948 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • 1950 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War
  • 1954 111°F (44°C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record)

  • 1956 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates (Chicago Illinois)
  • 1956 Riots break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die
  • 1957 Reds' fans stuff ballot box, electing 8 Reds as All Star starters
  • 1959 Meldrim trestle disaster; freight train derails over Ogeechee River in Georgia causing IPG tanks to explode killing 23
  • 1960 10.40" (26.42 cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)
  • 1961 Phils and San Francisco set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 innings tie
  • 1962 Thalidomide drug banned in Netherlands
  • 1963 Belaunde Terry inaugurated as President of Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Nikita Khrushchev visits East Berlin

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Organization for Afro-American Unity formed in New York by Malcolm X

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 Dutch Princess Beatrice and Claus von Amsberg announce their engagement
  • 1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem
  • 1968 Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers
  • 1969 Police carry out an early morning raid on gay bar Stonewall Inn, Greenwich Village, NY; about 400 to 1,000 patrons riot against police, it lasts 3 days. Beginning of the modern LGBT rights movement
  • 1970 Around 500 Catholic workers at the Harland and Wolff shipyard are forced to leave their work by Protestant employees as serious rioting continues in Belfast
  • 1973 Lawsuit in Detroit challenges Little League's "no girls" rule
  • 1973 New Zealand ship HMNZS Otago sails for Mururoa nuclear test zone after France’s refusal to accept an International Court of Justice injunction against its atmospheric nuclear testing
  • 1973 Northern Ireland Assembly elections take place
  • 1974 Fall of earth and rocks kill 200 (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia)
  • 1974 Wings release singles "Band on the Run" and "Zoo Gang" in UK
  • 1976 1st woman was admitted to Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1976 Three British mercenaries are sentenced to death for their part in the Angolan civil war
  • 1977 Billy Hunter becomes Rangers' 4th manager in 6 days

Birthdays in History

  • 1476 Paul IV [Giampietro Caraffa], Pope (1555-59), born in Carpriglio, Italy (d. 1559)
  • 1490 Albrecht von Brandenburg, German archbishop and monarch of Mainz, born in Cölln, Germany (d. 1545)

Person of interestHenry VIII

1491 Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47) who separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, born in London (d. 1547)

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1503 Giovanni Della Casa, Italian poet (Galateo), born in La Casa, Mugello, Tuscany (d. 1556)
  • 1550 Johannes van den Driesche, Flemish Hebraist, born in Oudenarde, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1616)
  • 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish Baroque painter (Circumcision), born in Siegen (d. 1640)
  • 1641 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (1676-96), born in Nevers, France (d. 1716)

Person of interestJohn Wesley

1703 John Wesley, English Christian theologian and co-founder of the Methodist movement, born in Epworth, England (d. 1791)

Evangelist John Wesley
John Wesley
  • 1712 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1778)
  • 1719 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman, born in Nancy, France (d. 1785)
  • 1787 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), born in Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1860)
  • 1794 Allen Frances Gardiner, British naval officer and missionary in inter alia Port Natal, born in Basildon, Berkshire, England (d. 1851)
  • 1808 Cristina Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess and politician, born in Milan, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1871)
  • 1812 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1905)
  • 1824 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France (d. 1880)
  • 1824 William T. Wofford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army-American Civil War), born in Toccoa, Habersham County, Georgia (d. 1884)
  • 1825 Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenmeyer flask), born in Wehen, Duchy of Nassau (d. 1909)
  • 1865 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), born in Grünberg, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1910)
  • 1867 Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer (Six Characters in Search of An Author-Nobel 1934), born in Agrigento, Sicily, Italy (d. 1936)
  • 1873 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • 1875 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), born in Beauvais, Oise, France (d. 1941)
  • 1876 Clara Maass, American army nurse who sacrificed her life at 25 to prove that mosquitoes carry yellow fever, born in East Orange, New Jersey (d. 1901)

Person of interestPierre Laval

1883 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), born in Châteldon, France (d. 1945)

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1884 Lamina Sankoh, Sierra Leonean pre-independence politician and nationalist, born in Freetown, Sierra Leone (d. 1964)
  • 1891 Carl Panzram, American serial killer and rapist, born in East Grand Forks, Minnesota (d. 1930)
  • 1891 Esther Forbes, American novelist (Johnny Tremain), born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1891 Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, born in Boyertown, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)
  • 1892 E. H. Carr, English historian (History of Soviet Russia), born in London (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1962)
  • 1906 Maria Goeppert-Mayer, American-German atomic physicist (Nobel 1963), born in Kattowitz, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • 1906 Nancy Mayhew Youngman, English painter and educationalist, born in Maidstone, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Paul-Emile Victor, French pole explorer (La civilisation du phoque), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1995)
  • 1908 James L. Reinsch, American broadcasting executive and presidential media adviser (Roosevelt, Truman and Kennedy) who also advised Winston Churchill on his 1946 "Iron Curtain" speech, born in Streator, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Eric Ambler, suspense writer (Epitaph for a Spy), born in London, England
  • 1909 French van Immerseel, Belgian graphic artist, born in Borsbeek, Antwerp
  • 1912 Audrey Langford, English singing teacher, born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Walter Oesau, German fighter pilot (WWII), born in Farnewinkel, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1914 Aribert Heim, Austrian SS physician (served at the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Mauthausen, known as Dr. Death), born in Bad Radkersburg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1992)
  • 1920 A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1921 P. V. Narasimha Rao, Indian politician, 9th Prime Minister of India (1991-96), born in Warangal District, India (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Terje Stigen, Norwegian author (Det siste paradiset), born in Magerøya, Finnmark, Norway (d. 2010)
  • 1924 Henk van Stipriaan, Dutch journalist and VARA radio host, born in Hamburg (d. 1989)
  • 1926 Robert Ledley, American scientist (invented the CT scanner), born in Queens, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Theo van Tijn, Dutch marxist/social-historian
  • 1927 F. Sherwood Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry 1995, born in Delaware, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Ronald Alfred Gardyne "Rags" Butler, sailor (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003, born in Uppsala, Sweden
  • 1928 Harold Evans, English-American journalist and writer (editor of The Sunday Times), born in Patricroft, England
  • 1928 Nick Virgilio, American Haiku poet, born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1989)
  • 1928 Cyril Smith, British Liberal Member of Parliament and alleged serial sex offender, born in Lancashire, England (d. 2010)
  • 1930 Itamar Franco, 33rd President of Brazil (1992-94), born in Brazilian territorial waters, Atlantic Ocean (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician and leader of the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2011)
  • 1934 Carl Levin, American attorney and politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan, 1979-2015), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1936 Gisela Kraft, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 2010)
  • 1936 Major R Owens, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1983-2007), born in Collierville, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Leon Panetta, American politician (23rd United States Secretary of Defense), born in Monterey, California
  • 1938 Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (student of Yip Man) (d. 2001)
  • 1939 Klaus Schmiegel, German-American chemist (invented Prozac), born in Chemnitz, Germany
  • 1940 Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker (Grameen - microlending), economist (Nobel Peace Prize 2006), born in Chittagong, British India
  • 1940 Roderick Wright, Scottish Bishop of Argyll and the Isles (1990-96), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2005)
  • 1941 Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (professor of Computer Science at the University of California and University of Oxford) (d. 2006)
  • 1942 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, Secretary-General (South African Communist Party), born in Cofimvaba, Transkei, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • 1942 Jim Kolbe, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1943 Ed Pastor, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Claypool, Arizona
  • 1943 Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist (discovery of the integer quantum Hall effect, Nobel 1985), born in Schroda, Reichsgau Posen, Germany
  • 1945 Jane Harman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in NYC, New York
  • 1946 John M. Lounge, American engineer and astronaut (STS 51-I, STS 26, STS 35), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2011)
  • 1946 Robert L Asprin, American sci-fi writer (Thieves World, Cold Cash War)
  • 1946 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (President of the Independent Democratic Union), born in Santiago (d. 1991)
  • 1947 Mark Helprin, American writer (A Soldier of the Great War), born in Manhattan, New York
  • 1947 Patrick Kincaid, who wrote the TODAY program; send him a card
  • 1949 Edward Totah, art dealer
  • 1950 Mauricio Rojas, Chilean-Swedish politician and political economist, born in Santiago, Chile
  • 1954 A. A. [Adrian Anthony] Gill, British critic (The Sunday Times), born in Edinburgh (d. 2016)
  • 1956 Noel Mugavin, Australian rules football player, born in Koroit, Victoria
  • 1957 Georgi Parvanov, 3rd President of Bulgaria (2002-12), born in Sirishtnik, Bulgaria
  • 1964 Tommy Lynn Sells, American serial killer, born in Oakland, California (d. 2014)

Person of interestElon Musk

1971 Elon Musk, American entrepreneur and inventor (SpaceX, Tesla, Paypal), born in Pretoria, South Africa

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Elon Musk
  • 1979 Florian Zeller, French novelist (La Fascination du Pire) and playwright, born in Paris
  • 1994 Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan and heir apparent of King Abdullah II of Jordan, born in Amman, Jordan

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1919 33rd US President Harry Truman (35) weds Elizabeth Truman (34) in Independence

US First Lady Bess Truman
US First Lady
Bess Truman
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

LoveWedding of Interest

1934 Novelist Kenneth Patchen (22) weds Miriam Patchen in nearby Sharon, Pennsylvania

Poet and Novelist Kenneth Patchen
Poet and Novelist
Kenneth Patchen

LoveWedding of Interest

1991 Explorer Jacques Cousteau (81) weds Francine Triplet in Paris

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • 1992 US President George H. W. Bush's daughter Dorothy marries Bobby Koch
  • 2013 Writer Josh Kilmer-Purcell (43) weds physician Brent Ridge in Sharon Springs, New York

Deaths in History

  • 548 Theodora, Byzantine Empress, becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty
  • 573 Alboin, king of Longobarden, probably poisoned by his wife
  • 683 Leo II, Pope (681-83), dies aged about 72
  • 767 Paul I, Italian Pope (757-67), dies
  • 1061 Floris I, count of Holland, dies
  • 1175 Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
  • 1194 Emperor Xiaozong, 11th emperor of the Song dynasty in China, dies at 66
  • 1385 Andronicus IV Paleologus, Byzantine anti-emperor, dies
  • 1389 Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović of Serbia (b. 1329)
  • 1586 Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1598 Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and dealer in maps, books, and antiquities (Theatrum orbis terrarum), dies at 71
  • 1617 Johan Evertsen de Captain, Swiss admiral, dies in battle
  • 1714 Cornelis Chastelein, colonial director, dies at 56
  • 1714 Daniel van Papenbroeck, Flemish jesuit/historian, dies at 86
  • 1716 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
  • 1748 Marretje Arends [Matje of Nieuwendijk], Amsterdam plunderer, hanged
  • 1748 Pieter van Dort, Amsterdam plunderer, hanged
  • 1754 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and mathematician, dies at 63
  • 1776 Thomas Hickey, American sergeant convicted of treason, hanged
  • 1813 Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst, Prus min of War (1807-10), dies in battle
  • 1830 David Walker, African-American abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 33
  • 1834 Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)

Person of interestJames Madison

1836 James Madison, 4th US President (1809-17), dies in Montpelier Va at 85

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1846 Adriaan van den Ende, Dutch vicar and educationalist, dies at 77
  • 1881 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), dies at 82
  • 1889 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), dies at 70
  • 1892 Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)
  • 1913 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1914 Sophie, Princess of Austria, assassinated

MurderFranz Ferdinand

1914 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, leads to declarations of war in WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1916 Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
  • 1921 Charles Joseph Bonaparte, American Lawyer and political activist (US Attorney General (1906-9), dies at 70
  • 1922 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, dies at 36
  • 1929 Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure), dies at 84
  • 1937 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1940 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot and governor of Libya, dies at 44
  • 1946 Eduard Veterman, Dutch painter/playwright, dies in an auto accident
  • 1947 Stanislav K Neumann, Czech poet (Anti-Guide), dies at 72
  • 1954 Red Deer, in Milwaukee Zoo, oldest known deer, dies at 26 (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
  • 1958 Alfred Noyes, British poet and essayist (Robin Hood), dies at 77
  • 1960 Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
  • 1971 Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Serenity), dies at 78
  • 1971 Joseph Colombo, mobster, shot dead at 48
  • 1971 Franz Stangl, Austrian commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)

Person of interestPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

1972 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Indian scientist and applied statistician (Mahalanobis distance), whose birthdate is celebrated annually in India as "National Statistics Day", dies at 78

Scientist and Statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Scientist and Statistician
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
  • 1975 Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
  • 1978 Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1981 Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, Iran Islamic Rep Party founder, bombed
  • 1989 Joris Ivens, Dutch director (A Tale of the Wind, Rain), dies at 90
  • 1990 Estelle Lamont, entertainer, dies
  • 1991 Klas Bruinsma, clergyman, dies
  • 1992 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WWI) and official war painter, dies at 88
  • 1993 Boris Christoff, Bulgaria/Italian bass (Don Carlos), dies at 79
  • 1994 William A Henry III, critic (Time Mag), dies of heart attack at 44
  • 1995 Donald Sinclair, vet, dies at 83
  • 1996 George Ghita Ionescu, academic, dies at 83
  • 1996 Michael Wishart, British figurative painter, dies at 68
  • 1996 Piers Gray, critic/writer, dies at 49
  • 1996 Ronald George Woodman, pilot, dies at 82
  • 2000 Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
  • 2001 Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
  • 2004 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), dies at 92
  • 2005 Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
  • 2006 Jim Baen, American sci-fi publisher and editor (b. 1943)
  • 2006 Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Eugene B. Fluckey, American Navy submariner, dies at 93
  • 2007 Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (1991-93), dies at 87
  • 2009 Billy Mays, American television pitchman (b. 1958)
  • 2010 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, dies at 92
  • 2014 Meshach Taylor, American actor, dies from colorectal cancer at 67