On This Day in History for June 29

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 160

  • 512 A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland.
  • 1072 Former Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes blinded by rivals and exiled
  • 1149 Raymond of Antioch is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din.
  • 1194 Sverre is crowned King of Norway.
  • 1312 Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII crowned
  • 1377 French raid at Rye, England
  • 1428 Jacoba of Bavaria signs cease fire with Philip the Good
  • 1529 Emperor Karel V & Pope Clemens VII sign Treaty of Barcelona

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1534 Jacques Cartier discovers Prince Edward Islands Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1540 Former Lord Privy Seal and Chancellor of the Exchequer of England Thomas Cromwell indicted as heretic

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1552 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Girolamo Cardano

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1613 Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London, England, burns down during a performance of "Henry VIII"

  • 1659 The Russians, led by Prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • 1682 Sofia names herself regent of Russia
  • 1694 Dutch fleet attacks French grain transports
  • 1749 New Governor Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).
  • 1755 515 prominant filipinos baptized as Catholic
  • 1767 British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America, helping to intensify opposition to British rule
  • 1776 Mission Dolores founded at San Francisco Bay by Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga and Francisco Palóu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Virginia state constitution adopted and Patrick Henry made governor

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1786 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1800 Free mason lodge establishes in Alkmaar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; he died three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1850 Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • 1854 Netherlands allows corporal punishment
  • 1857 Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
  • 1858 Great fire in London docks
  • 1858 Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • 1862 Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Va
  • 1863 Battle at Westminster, Maryland: Federal assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 George Armstrong Custer, aged 23, appointed Union Brigadier General

  • 1863 Confederate General Robert Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1863 Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1864 Grand Trunk Railway accident; 100 killed
  • 1864 Samuel Crowther, bishop of Niger, becomes the first Black bishop of the Church of England
  • 1867 Pope Pius IX declares Gorcumse holy martyrs
  • 1874 Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • 1880 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • 1881 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud
  • 1891 US National Forest Service organized
  • 1891 Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • 1895 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1899 Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 mil damage
  • 1900 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • 1903 British government protests against abuses in Belgian Congo
  • 1904 2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe
  • 1906 US Congress pass the Hepburn Act, permitting the regulation of rates charged by railroads, pipelines, and terminals engaged in interstate commerce
  • 1911 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • 1913 The attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions leads to beginning of the second Balkan War

MurderAssassination Attempt

1914 Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia

  • 1918 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan

  • 1922 France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes."
  • 1925 Canada House opens in London, England.
  • 1926 Carter G. Woodson wins Springarn Medal for research into Black history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • 1927 1st flight from West Coast arrives in Hawaii
  • 1927 First test of Wallace Turnbull's controllable pitch propeller.
  • 1928 The Outerbridge Crossing and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York both opened.
  • 1929 1st high-speed jet wind tunnel completed Langley Field Ca
  • 1929 31.1°C (88°F) highest temperature on this day in De Bilt
  • 1929 Mexico & Vatican sign Concord
  • 1931 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1931 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1932 USSR & China sign non-aggression treaty
  • 1936 Empire State Building broadcasts high definition TV-343 lines
  • 1936 Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"
  • 1939 4th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 1939 Dixie Clipper completes 1st commercial plane flight to Europe
  • 1940 Anjer (Carnation) Day-anniversary of Prince Bernhard
  • 1940 US passes Alien Registration Act requiring Aliens to register
  • 1941 DiMaggio extends hitting streak to 42 breaking Sisler's record
  • 1943 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)
  • 1943 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • 1943 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe
  • 1944 German counter attack at Caen
  • 1944 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1944 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • 1944 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • 1945 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • 1945 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • 1946 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • 1946 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv
  • 1947 Yanks beat Senators 3-1 starting a 19 game win streak
  • 1949 South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages
  • 1949 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • 1950 West Indies beat England by 326 runs thanks to Ramadhin & Valentine
  • 1952 USS Oriskany becomes 1st aircraft carrier to sail around Cape Horn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 US Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr Robert Oppenheimer

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1955 Argentine state of siege ends
  • 1956 US Federal interstate highway system act signed
  • 1956 Dutch PM Drees refuses resignation of queen Juliana (Greet Hofmans)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganowitsj & Sjepilov leave USSR communist party

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Pope John XXIII 1st encyclical "On truth, unity, & peace, in charity"

  • 1960 KYA-AM in San Francisco changes call letters to KDBQ (for 2 weeks)
  • 1961 Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)
  • 1961 The International Labour Organisation (ILO) calls for South Africa's withdrawal at the Geneva Conference in protest of the racial policies of the South African government
  • 1962 1st flight Vickers (British Aerospace) VC-10 long-range airliner
  • 1962 Frank Howard hits the 5,000th Dodger home run
  • 1963 SVB, Students Unions, established under Barrel Regtien

Birthdays in History

  • 1397 John II of Aragon (d. 1479)
  • 1482 Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (d. 1517)
  • 1517 Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist
  • 1596 Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)
  • 1798 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet (d. 1837)
  • 1803 John Newton Brown, American publisher (d. 1868)
  • 1805 Hiram Powers, US sculptor (Greek Slave)
  • 1824 Victor J van Hinsbergh, South Neth engraver (PTT Stempels)
  • 1831 William Thomas Clark, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1905)
  • 1849 Sergei J Witte, Neth/Russ count/premier Russia
  • 1849 John Hunn, American businessman (d. 1926)
  • 1858 George Washington Goethals, engineer (built Panama Canal)
  • 1861 William James Mayo, surgeon/co-founder Mayo clinic in Minnesota
  • 1863 James Harvey Robinson, Ill, historian (Ordeal of Civilization)
  • 1864 Pietro Bonfante, Italian lawyer (Roman law)
  • 1865 Shigechiyo Izumi, once thought to be the world's oldest man ever but birth date now disputed (120 y 237 d)
  • 1865 William E Borah, lawyer/(Sen-R-Id)
  • 1866 Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1934)
  • 1868 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (d. 1938)
  • 1873 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1876 Nellie Taylor Ross, 1st woman to serve as a gov (Wyoming, 1925-27)
  • 1880 Ludwig Beck, chef Germany general staff ("July 20th plot")
  • 1885 Virginia Pope, (NY Times)
  • 1886 James Van Der Zee, Lenox Ma, African American photographer
  • 1886 Juliane Gabriels, Flemish physician (Artus Quellin)
  • 1886 Robert Schuman, French premier
  • 1893 Antoon Schweigmann, Dutch religious poet/resistance fighter
  • 1897 Fulgence Charpentier, French-Canadian journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1900 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), born in Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • 1902 Carl-Heinz Schroth, Innsbruck, director (Reaching for the Stars)
  • 1903 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1905 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet/publisher (La lenta libertad)
  • 1905 Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu (Bishop Zulu), Nquthu Natal, Anglican bishop of Zululand and Swaziland
  • 1906 Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (d. 1945)
  • 1907 Paul O'Dwyer, President of City Council (D-NYC)
  • 1908 Paul Lebeau, Flemish writer (Last Rose, Xanthippe)
  • 1911 Bernhard, German Prince (Consort to Queen Juliana of Netherlands)
  • 1912 John Toland, American political writer (Rising Sun, Pulitzer 1971)
  • 1912 Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (d. 2004)
  • 1914 Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician (d. 1976)
  • 1914 Dr Nnoseng Ellen Kate Khuzwayo, Thaba-Nchu Orange Free State, South African member of parliament (ANC) and noted writer ("Call me Woman")
  • 1916 David Donaldson, painter
  • 1918 Jack Harkness, rose grower
  • 1919 Lloyd Richards, American director (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Ray Harryhausen, movie special effect artist (Clash of Titans), (d. 2013)
  • 1921 Frédéric Dard, French writer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 Vasko Popa, Yugoslavia/Serbian poet (Heaven is a Side Issue)
  • 1923 Ronnie Ronalde [Ronald Charles Waldron], British entertainer and world famous whistler, born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1925 Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician
  • 1926 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Rex Hunt, British diplomat and Governor of the Falkland Islands (1982-1985), born in Redcar, North Yorkshire, England (d. 2012)
  • 1933 John Bradshaw, American theologian, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1934 Carl Levin, (Sen-D-MI)
  • 1936 Kigeli V, last King of Rwanda (1959-61), born in Kamembe, Rwanda (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Louise Groenman, Dutch director and politician (D66)
  • 1941 Stokeley Carmichael, [Kwame Toure], American Black Power-activist
  • 1942 Bas van der Vlies, Dutch politician (SGP)
  • 1944 Collin Peterson, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • 1944 Sean O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop
  • 1945 Chandrika Kumaratunga, first female President of Sri Lanka (1994-2005)
  • 1946 Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)
  • 1946 Ernesto Pérez Balladares, Panamanian politician
  • 1948 Charles McCorquodale, art historian
  • 1948 Loncoln Gordon, rocker
  • 1949 Joan Clos i Matheu, Spanish politician
  • 1949 Ann Veneman, American politician
  • 1951 Don Rosa, American ilustrator
  • 1952 Joe Johnson, English snooker player
  • 1955 Charles J Precourt, Waltham Mass, astronaut (STS 55, 71, 84, sk:91)
  • 1955 Terence M. O'Sullivan, American activist
  • 1956 Pedro Santana Lopes, former Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1959 Larry Parham, 4th victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (1st to die)
  • 1962 George Zamka, American astronaut
  • 1963 Khalid El-Masri, German-born suspected terrorist
  • 1969 Toru Hashimoto, Japanese politician
  • 1969 Claude Béchard, Canadian politician
  • 1977 Oleg Korenfeld, Russian-born American poet
  • 1979 Matthew Bode, Australian Rules football player
  • 1993 Angela & Amy Lakeberg, US Siamese twins (separated on Aug 20th)

Weddings in History

  • 1822 Nephew of Napoleon, biologist and ornithologist Prince Charles Bonaparte marries cousin Zenaide Bonaparte

HeartWedding of Interest

1854 English Novelist and author of "Jane Eyre" Charlotte Brontë marries curate Arthur Bell Nicholls

HeartWedding of Interest

1970 Medical researcher Jonas Salk (55) weds painter and author Françoise Gilot (48) in Paris

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk

HeartWedding of Interest

1983 Producer Dick Wolf (36) weds Christine Marburg

Crime Drama Producer Dick Wolf
Crime Drama Producer
Dick Wolf
  • 2014 "Hart of Dixie" actress Brandi Burkhardt (35) weds Douglas Kazanjian in Annapolis, Maryland

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1762 Russian Tsar Peter III divorces his wife Catherine II

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Deaths in History

  • 1021 Notker Labeo, tutor in convent Sankt Gallen, dies
  • 1059 Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
  • 1252 King Abel of Denmark (b. 1218)
  • 1293 Hendrik van Gent, Flemish neo-Augustian philosopher/theologist, dies
  • 1306 Musho [Hokai], Zen teacher/found subtemple at Jochiji, dies
  • 1315 Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
  • 1458 Mapheus Vegius, [Maffeo Vegio], Italian lawyer/humanist/poet, dies
  • 1509 Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (b. 1443)
  • 1620 John Aerts, Flemish sculptor
  • 1725 Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (b. 1657)
  • 1764 Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)
  • 1779 Anton Raphael Mengs, German Bohemian painter and one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting, dies at 51
  • 1784 Caesar Rodney, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 55
  • 1790 Feike H Van de Crew, Fries writer (Mayke Jakkelis), dies
  • 1798 Kaat Mussel [Catharina Mulder], exerciser, dies
  • 1818 Carl P Fohr, German painter/cartoonist, dies at 22
  • 1840 Lucien Bonaparte, prince of Canino/Musignano, dies at 65

Person of interestHenry Clay

1852 Henry Clay, American politician known as "the Great Compromiser", dies of tuberculosis at 75

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • 1855 John Gorrie, American scientist (b. 1802)
  • 1860 Thomas Addison, English physician (A-Biermer Disease), dies at 67

Person of interestElizabeth Barrett Browning

1861 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet and writer ("How Do I Love thee"), dies at 55

  • 1873 Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bengali poet (b. 1824)
  • 1875 Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria (1835-48), dies at 82
  • 1880 George W Vreede, lawyer/politician, dies
  • 1895 Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist (comparative anatomy), dies at 70
  • 1900 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1919 José Gregorio Hernández Venezuelan physician (b. 1864)
  • 1921 Otto Seeck German classical historian (b. 1850)
  • 1923 Fritz Mauthner, German author/philosopher (skepticism), dies at 73
  • 1923 J C Gomez, General/Venezuela's 1st VP, assassinated
  • 1931 Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)
  • 1940 Paul Klee, Swiss/German painter/tutor (Modern Art), dies at 60
  • 1955 Max Pechstein, German painter/graphic artist (Oceania), dies at 73
  • 1958 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), dies at 92
  • 1959 A Cecil Snyder, Chief Justice of Puerto Rico, dies at 51
  • 1967 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, dies at 72
  • 1969 Moise K Tsjombe, premier Congo/Zaire, dies
  • 1970 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica), dies at 77
  • 1970 Stefan Andres, German writer (Wir sind Utopia), dies at 64
  • 1971 Viktor Patsayev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11-landing accident), dies at 38
  • 1971 Vladimir Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11-landing accident), dies at 35
  • 1976 Leonora Summers, entertainer, dies
  • 1977 Anton D Hildebrand, children's book writer (Monus), dies at 70
  • 1977 Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (b. 1895)
  • 1981 Mohammed Hussein Beheshti, Iran ayatollah/politician, murdered
  • 1982 Gerard[us PM] Knuvelder, literature historian (Anthology), dies
  • 1986 John P. East, American politician (Sen-R-NC), dies at 55
  • 1990 Irving Wallace, author (Book of Lists, Peoples Almanac), dies at 74
  • 1992 Mohammed Boudiaf, president of Algeria, assassinated at 73
  • 1992 Pierre Billotte, French military man (IIGM), dies
  • 1996 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist, dies at 85
  • 2000 John Aspinall, English zoo owner and gambling club host, dies of cancer at 74
  • 2002 Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1931)
  • 2004 Bernard Babior, American biochemist (b. 1935)
  • 2015 Glenn Ford, American freed death row inmate (wrongly spent 30 years in prison), dies at 65
  • 2016 Elechi Amadi, Nigerian novelist (The Concubine), dies at 82