On This Day

On This Day in History for June 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 204

  • 296 St Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome
  • 833 Louis crowned King of Austria
  • 949 Otto I the Great gives away bishopric of Utrecht "foreestrecht"
  • 1294 Jews are expelled from Berne, Switzerland
  • 1371 Arnold II of Horne chosen bishop of Utrecht
  • 1377 Foundation stone laid for Ulm Minster, in Ulm, Germany. Will not be completed until 1890, when it becomes the tallest church in the world.
  • 1397 Denmark, Norway and Sweden sign Union of Kalmar under Queen Margaretha
  • 1422 Battle of Arbedo between the Duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Spanish conquistadors are expelled from Tenochtitlan following an Aztec revolt against their rule under Hernán Cortés during "La Noche Triste" (the Night of Sadness). Many soldiers drown in the escape, and Aztec emperor Montezuma II dies in the struggle

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1528 Burgundian army occupies Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1548 Augsburg Interim issued by Charles V becomes law - orders Lutherans to return to Catholic practices with some concessions

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1559 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1596 English and Dutch fleet reach Cadiz
  • 1598 King Philip II moves to Escorial palace
  • 1607 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published

  • 1643 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1648 French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
  • 1651 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory
  • 1665 The number of deaths in London from the Great Plague during June is recorded as 6,137 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1688 Whig Lords questions prince William III of Orange on Protestantism

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head: French under Tourville beat Dutch/English fleet

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1700 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1722 Hungarian Parliament condemns Emperor Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanctions

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1734 Russian army occupies Danzig
  • 1741 Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
  • 1755 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place
  • 1794 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 1805 Michigan Territory organizes
  • 1815 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • 1834 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • 1851 Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • 1859 French acrobat Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1861 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade

  • 1862 Battle of Glendale [Frayser's Farm], day 6 of 7 days battles, Virginia Confederate assault attack (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Gustave Flaubert completes his novel "Salammbo"
  • 1863 Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
  • 1863 Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • 1863 Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • 1865 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
  • 1870 Ada Kepley becomes 1st American female law college graduate (Old University of Chicago, later Northwestern)
  • 1871 Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • 1876 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full of stolen goods
  • 1881 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
  • 1893 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) then world's largest, discovered in Jagersfontein Mine, South Africa
  • 1894 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • 1894 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • 1896 W S Hadaway patents electric stove
  • 1898 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”
  • 1900 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • 1902 Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • 1905 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier

  • 1905 Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5
  • 1906 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

RussiaTunguska Fireball

1908 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history

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Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
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  • 1910 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1911 Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
  • 1911 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes
  • 1913 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

1916 British General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits" the day before the Battle of the Somme began

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A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
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  • 1918 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1921 The South African Reserve Bank is established
  • 1924 England score 2-503 in day's play v South Africa at Lord's

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1924 J. B. M. Hertzog becomes Primes Minister, head of a coalition government between the National and Labour Parties in South Africa

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1927 Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
  • 1927 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
  • 1928 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards
  • 1930 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady, NY
  • 1933 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism/war
  • 1933 US Assay Offices close in Helena, MT, Boise, ID and Salt Lake City, UT

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 "Night of Long Knives" - Adolf Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1935 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1936 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1936 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • 1937 The world's first emergency call telephone service is launched in London using the number 999
  • 1938 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • 1938 Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • 1939 Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
  • 1940 US Fish and Wildlife Service forms
  • 1940 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands
  • 1941 Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) declare Ukraine independent
  • 1941 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1942 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • 1942 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • 1942 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1944 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • 1944 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • 1944 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces

Birthdays in History

  • 1468 Johann the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony (1525-32), born in Meissen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1532)

Person of interestCharles VIII

1470 Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98) who invaded Italy, born in Château d'Amboise, France (d. 1498)

King of France Charles VIII
King of France
Charles VIII
  • 1503 John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1532-47), born in Torgau, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1554)
  • 1641 Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1719)
  • 1685 Dominikus Zimmermann, Bavarian Baroque architect and painter (Liebfrauenkirche), born in Gaispoint, Germany (d. 1766)
  • 1748 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1845)
  • 1755 Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, French politician of the French Revolution, born in Fox-Amphoux, France (d. 1829)
  • 1768 Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, First Lady of the United States (1817-25) as the wife of the fifth President James Monroe, born in NYC, New York (d. 1830)
  • 1789 Horace Vernet, French painter of battles and Orientalist subjects, born in Paris (d. 1863)
  • 1791 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (law of Biot & Savart), born in Mézières, France (d. 1841)
  • 1803 Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (Death's Jest-Book), born in Clifton, Somerset, England (d. 1849)
  • 1807 Friedrich Theodor Vischer, German philosopher and writer (Auch einer), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1810 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (illyrism), born in Cerovec in Lower Styria, Austrian Empire (d. 1851)
  • 1817 Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist and director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, born in Halesworth, Suffolk (d. 1911)
  • 1819 William A. Wheeler, American politician (19th Vice President of the United States), born in Malone, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1823 Hendrik Jan Schimmel, Dutch writer and dramatist (2 Tudors), born in 's-Graveland, North Holland (d. 1906)
  • 1823 Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Parsi entrepreneur and founder of the first textile mills in India, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1901)
  • 1843 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat and scholar, born in Clapton, London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1847 Jacob Theodoor Cremer, Dutch tobacco magnate and administrator for the Deli Company in Sumatra, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1856 Gerrit Kalff, Dutch professor (history of Dutch writers), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1860 Gyula Andrássy, Jr., Hungarian politician (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary (1918-20)), born in Tőketerebes, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1884 Georges Duhamel, French author (Vie et aventures de Salavin, 5 vol.), born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader, born in Duisburg-Ruhrort, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1893 Harold Laski, English economist and Labour Party leader (1945-46), born in Manchester, England (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Walter Ulbricht, German politician (Head Of State, German Democratic Republic), born in Leipzig, Saxony, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1899 František Tomášek, 34th Archbishop of Prague and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in Bohemia, born in Studénka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1992)

Person of interestWillie Sutton

1901 Willie Sutton, American bank robber, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton
  • 1906 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), born in Kathmandu, Nepal (d. 1955)
  • 1907 Roman Shukhevych, Ukrainian nationalist and military leader, born in Krakovets, Galicia, Austria–Hungary (d. 1950)
  • 1908 Charles Camproux, French linguistic and author (Bestiari), born in Marseilles, France (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Monica Maurice, industrialist and Managing Director and Chairman of the Wolf Safety Lamp Company, Sheffield, born in Hucknall, England (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • 1909 Juan Bosch, 43rd President of the Dominican Republic (1962-63) and writer, born in La Vega, Dominican Republic (d. 2001)
  • 1911 Czesław Miłosz, Polish-American writer (Bells in Winter, Nobel 1980), born in Szetejnie, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Virginia D. Smith, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska), born in Randolph, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Madhaviah Krishnan, Indian naturalist and wildlife photographer, born in Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1913 Alfonso López Michelsen, 24th President of Colombia (1974-78), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Francisco da Costa Gomes, President of Portugal’s ruling military junta (1974-76), born in Chaves, Portugal (d. 2001)
  • 1917 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, born in Ingelmunster, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • 1919 Ed Yost, American inventor of the modern hot air balloon and known as "Father of the Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon.", born in Bristow, Iowa (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Sam Moskowitz, American writer and historian of science fiction, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • 1926 Paul Berg, American biochemist (development of recombinant DNA techniques, Nobel Chemistry 1980), born in NYC, New York
  • 1927 Joe Skeen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico), born in Roswell, New Mexico (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Frank Marcus, German playwright and critic, born in Breslau, Silesia, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Thomas Sowell, American economist and social theorist, born in Gastonia, North Carolina
  • 1931 Hans Gruijters, Dutch mayor (co-founder of D66-Lelystad), born in Helmond, Netherlands
  • 1931 Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi, born in Antwerp (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Harry Blackstone, Jr., American stage magician (Blackstone Book of Magic & Illusion), born in Three Rivers, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • 1935 [Jacob] "Jack" Rosenthal, American journalist and government official, born in Tel Aviv, Israel (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Tom Frost, American rock climber (founder gear & apparel company Patagonia), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2018)
  • 1939 Eleanor Smeal, American cofounder of the Feminist Majority Foundation and president (National Organization for Women), born in Ashtabula, Ohio
  • 1942 Robert Ballard, American explorer and discoverer (discovered Titanic wreck in 1985), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • 1944 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist, physician and author (Life After Life), born in Porterdale, Georgia
  • 1947 Yuri Petrovich Sheffer, Russian cosmonaut, born in Chelyabinsk, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1949 Bùi Thanh Liêm, Vietnamese cosmonaut, born in Hanoi, Vietnam (d. 1981)
  • 1950 Donna Jean Willmott, FALN member (FBI most wanted), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1950 Omprakash Valmiki, Indian Dalit writer and poet (Joothan), born in Muzaffarnagar, India (d. 2013)
  • 1951 Stephen S. Oswald, American NASA astronaut (STS 42, 56, 67), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1952 Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician, born in Cefalonia, Greece
  • 1954 Pierre Charles, 5th Prime Minister of Dominica, born in Grand Bay, Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1954 Serzh Sargsyan, Armenian politician, President of Armenia (2008-18), born in Stepanakert, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1962 Vladimir Mikolaevich Dezhurov, Russian stronaut (Mir 18, STS-71), born in Zubovo-Polyansk, Yavas, Mordovia
  • 1972 James Martin, English celebrity chef (Saturday Kitchen), born in Malton, North Riding of Yorkshire, England
  • 1978 Owen Lafave, ex-husband of Debra Lafave
  • 1978 Ben Cousins, Australian Football League player
  • 1979 Travis Minor, National Football League Runningback
  • 1981 Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1831 Soldier and future Confederate General Robert E. Lee (24) marries Mary Custis (22) at Arlington House, Arlington Virginia

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

LoveWedding of Interest

1973 Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark (34) weds lawyer Maureen McTeer (21)

16th Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark
16th Prime Minister of Canada
Joe Clark
  • 1978 English prince Michael marries baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz in Vienna, Austria
  • 2012 Mick Jagger's daughter Jade Jagger (41) weds longtime boyfriend Adrian Fillary at the Aynhoe Park Hotel in Oxfordshire, England
  • 2012 "The Doctors" co-host Travis Stork (40) weds pediatrician Dr. Charlotte Brown in Colorado

Deaths in History

  • 350 Nepotianus, Roman usurper
  • 1109 Alfonso VI, (imperator totius Hispaniae), king of Leon, dies
  • 1181 Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)
  • 1224 Adolf of Osnabrück, Saint Adolf (b. 1185)
  • 1347 John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English politician and the last Warenne earl of Surrey, dies at 61
  • 1364 Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)

Person of interestMoctezuma II

1520 Moctezuma II, Aztec emperor (1502-20), killed either by the Spanish or stoned to death by his own people

Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II
Aztec Emperor
Moctezuma II
  • 1538 Charles of Egmond, Duke of Guelder and Earl of Zutphen, dies at 70
  • 1579 Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, Turkish Janissary
  • 1607 Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian, dies at 68
  • 1649 Simon Vouet, French painter
  • 1655 Jacob Boonen, South Netherlands clergyman and lawyer, dies at 81
  • 1660 William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
  • 1662 Johannes C Verspronck, portrait painter, buried at about 64
  • 1666 Alexander Brome, English poet
  • 1670 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
  • 1685 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
  • 1704 John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • 1709 Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
  • 1785 James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
  • 1796 Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman, dies at 71
  • 1817 Abraham Gottlob Werner, German geologist
  • 1839 Johan O Wallin, Swedish poet/archbishop (Dead Angel), dies
  • 1857 Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist, dies at 54
  • 1862 Richard Griffith, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 48

BattleCharles J. Guiteau

1882 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, hanged at 40

  • 1882 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman, dies at 55
  • 1899 Jon Helgason, Icelandic poet (Ur Landsudri), dies
  • 1905 John Hay, US politician, dies
  • 1914 Bai Long [White Wolf], Chinese Robin Hood/crowd leader, dies

Person of interestJohn William Strutt

1919 John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), dies at 76

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • 1920 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), commits suicide at 38
  • 1924 Jacob Israel de Haan, Dutch poet/writer (Pypelyntjes), dies at 42
  • 1930 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist known for leadership in the passage of the landmark Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, dies at 85
  • 1934 Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts), executed at 46
  • 1934 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 42
  • 1934 Karl Ernst, German SA-leader, murdered
  • 1934 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (1932-33), murdered at 52
  • 1934 Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1862)
  • 1934 Erich Klausener, Catholic politician killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1885)
  • 1938 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), dies at 61
  • 1942 Arnoldus J H Aerts, Dutch bishop of New Guinea, executed at 62
  • 1948 Karl Wolfskehl, writer, dies at 78
  • 1953 Elsa Beskow, (Maartman), Swedish author (children's book), dies at 79
  • 1953 Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
  • 1959 José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1961 Lee de Forest, American inventor (Electron Tube), dies at 87
  • 1962 Caspar Neher, Austrian-German set designer and librettist, dies at 65
  • 1971 Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11), dies at 38
  • 1971 Georgi T Dobrovolsky, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 11-land accident), dies at 43
  • 1971 Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 11), dies at 35
  • 1973 Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (b. 1903)
  • 1973 Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), one of the Mitford sisters, dies of cancer at 68
  • 1974 Alberta King, mother of Martin Luther King Jr., assassinated in church
  • 1974 Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1979 Alfons Vranckx, Belgian politician, dies at 72
  • 1983 Mary Livingstone [Sadye Marks], American comedienne, (Jack Benny), dies at 77

Person of interestLillian Hellman

1984 Lillian Hellman, American playwright, (Toys in the Attic, Little Foxes), dies at 79

Playwright Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman
  • 1985 James Dewar, inventor (Twinkie), dies
  • 1992 Doug Delauder, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Nico Booken, director (Jewish Labor Social), dies
  • 1994 Nicholas Warner, test Pilot, dies at 51
  • 1995 Georgy Beregovoy, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 3), dies at 74
  • 1995 Sicco Mansholt, pres Commission of Europe (1972-1973), dies
  • 1996 Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet, dies at 76
  • 1996 Michael Parkin, journalist, dies at 74
  • 1996 Norman Aldridge, biochemical toxicologist, dies at 76
  • 1997 Albus Dumbledore [Professor Albus Percival Wulfric Brian Dumbledore], fictional character, Headmaster of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, dies at 115
  • 1999 Édouard Boubat, French photographer, dies at 75
  • 2002 Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (b. 1910)
  • 2003 Buddy Hackett, American comic (b. 1924)
  • 2003 Robert McCloskey, American children's book writer and illustrator (Make Way For Ducklings), dies at 88
  • 2004 Jamal Abro, Sindhi writer, dies at 80
  • 2005 Christopher Fry, English playwright (The Lady's Not for Burning), dies at 97
  • 2006 Robert Gernhardt, German satirist (b. 1937)
  • 2007 Sahib Singh Verma, Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Delhi (b. 1943)
  • 2011 David Loram, British vice-admiral (Supreme Allied Commander), dies at 86
  • 2012 Yitzḥak Shamir, Israeli Prime Minister (1983–84, 1986–1992), dies from Alzheimer's disease at 96
  • 2014 Bob Hastings, American actor, dies from prostate cancer at 89
  • 2016 Geoffrey Hill, English poet, dies at 84