On This Day

On This Day in History for June 4

Events in History

  • 781 BC Oldest Chinese recording of a solar eclipse
  • 1039 Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1070 Roquefort cheese created in a cave near Roquefort, France
  • 1133 Rome-Innocentius II crowns Lotharius III Roman-German emperor
  • 1357 The "Peace of Ath", signed by Count Louis II of Flanders and Duke Wenceslaus of Luxembourg ends the attempt of the succession of Brabant
  • 1391 Mob led by Ferrand Martinez surrounds and sets fire to the Jewish quarter of Seville in Spain, the surviving Jews are sold into slavery
  • 1487 Lord Lovell and John de la Pole's army land at Furness, Lancashire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1615 Siege of Osaka: Forces under the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan

  • 1629 Dutch East India ship Batavia wrecks on Morning Reef off the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia, with 200 survivors (only 70 survive after three months due to mutiny and murders) [1]

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1632 Prince Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange conquers Venlo

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1647 English Parliamentary army under Cornet George Joyce takes King Charles I as a prisoner during Second Civil War

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1664 Viceroy Willem Frederik conquers Dijlerschans
  • 1666 Battle at Dunkirk: English vs Dutch fleet
  • 1741 Prussia goes to the Covenant of Nymphenburg

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1745 Battle at Hohenfriedberg Silezie: Frederick the Great (Prussia) defeats Austrians and Saxons

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • 1756 Quakers leave assembly of Pennsylvania

  • 1760 Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada taken from the Acadians
  • 1769 A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in history
  • 1783 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make 1st public hot-air balloon flight (unmanned), covering 2km and lasting 10 minutes with an estimated altitude of 1,600-2,000m
  • 1784 Madame Elizabeth Thible becomes the first female balloonist
  • 1792 Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain
  • 1802 Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clotilde of France, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel
  • 1805 Tripoli forced to conclude peace with US after war over tribute
  • 1812 Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"
  • 1824 First free press (without government approval) founded in Australia - the Hobart Town Gazette by ex-convict Andrew Bent [1]
  • 1825 Unseasonable hurricane hits NYC
  • 1831 National Congress selects Leopold von Saksen-Coburg as King of Belgium
  • 1832 3rd national black convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • 1850 Empire Engine Company No. 1 organized, in San Francisco, California
  • 1850 Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859 Second Italian War of Independence: Battle of Magenta, results in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III over the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1862 Confederates evacuate Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • 1868 Van Bosse/Fock government begins
  • 1873 1st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrive in Suriname
  • 1875 Pacific Stock Exchange opens
  • 1876 An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.

  • 1878 Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Pasteur Institute founded by French biologist Louis Pasteur in Paris

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • 1892 Oil City and Titusville, Pennsylvania, destroyed by oil tank explosion; 130 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Henry Ford takes his 1st Ford through streets of Detroit

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1912 Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses
  • 1912 Massachusetts passes 1st US minimum wage law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 English suffragette Emily Davison dies after throwing herself in front of King George V's horse Anmer during running of the Derby at Epsom

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1916 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • 1917 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to Richards & Elliott (Julia Ward Howe)
  • 1917 American men begin registering for the draft
  • 1917 Most Excellent Order of British Empire inaugurated by King George V to recognise the efforts of his people in WWI
  • 1918 French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • 1919 US Congress passes the Women's Suffrage Bill, the 19th Amendment
  • 1919 US marines invade Costa Rica
  • 1920 Peace of Trianon between Allies & Hungary
  • 1926 Ignacy Mościcki becomes President of Poland (holds office till 1939)
  • 1928 President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents
  • 1932 Edouard Herriot becomes Premier of France
  • 1932 Chilean coup led by Colonel Marmaduke Grove against President Juan Esteban Montero


1934 Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted

  • 1937 Léon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France

Victory in BattleMiracle of Dunkirk

1940 British complete the "Miracle of Dunkirk" by evacuating 338,226 allied troops from France via a flotilla of over 800 vessels including Royal Navy destroyers, merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft and even lifeboats

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British troops await evacuation at Dunkirk
British troops await evacuation at Dunkirk
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Winston Churchill's speech "We shall fight on the seas and oceans"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 Republic of Croatia orders all Jews to wear a star with the letter Z
  • 1942 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • 1942 Capitol Record Co opens for business

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1943 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • 1944 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in London

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • 1945 6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • 1945 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany
  • 1946 Largest solar prominence (300,000 mi/500,000 km) observed
  • 1947 US House of Representatives approves Taft-Hartley act
  • 1949 "Cavalcade of Stars" debuts (DuMont); Jackie Gleason made host in 1950
  • 1950 CVP wins Belgian parliamentary election
  • 1954 Arthur Murray flies X-1A rocket plane to record 27,000 m
  • 1954 France grants Vietnam independence inside French Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 'Secret speech' by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev criticising Joseph Stalin is made public

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1957 1st commercial coal pipeline placed in operation
  • 1957 May & Cowdrey make 411 stand v WI Ramadhin bowls 98 overs
  • 1958 French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers
  • 1961 US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meet at the Vienna Summit in Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Lee Harvey Oswald departs Rotterdam on SS Maasdam to US

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1964 Maldives adopts constitution
  • 1966 -10] Hurricane Alma, kills 51 in Honduras
  • 1967 Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashes in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew
  • 1969 22-year-old man sneaks into wheel pod of a jet parked in Havana and survives 9-hr flight to Spain despite thin oxygen levels at 29,000 ft
  • 1970 43rd National Spelling Bee: Libby Childress wins spelling croissant
  • 1970 Tonga (formerly Friendly Islands) declares independence from UK
  • 1971 J Luns appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1972 Angela Davis, African American activist, acquitted of killing a white guard
  • 1973 A patent for the ATM is granted to Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain
  • 1974 Never repeated 10 cent Beer Night at Cleveland, unruly fans stumble onto field and cause Indians to forfeit the game to Rangers with score tied 5-5 in 9th
  • 1974 Saudi Arabia announces that it will increase its participation in Aramco to 60 percent
  • 1975 Oldest animal fossils in US discovered in North Carolina
  • 1977 Violence during Puerto Rican Day in Chicago kills 2
  • 1977 An estimated 20,000 Scottish football fans invade the Wembley Stadium pitch after Scotland beats England, 2-1; goalposts and advertising hoardings destroyed
  • 1978 32nd Tony Awards: "Da" and "Ain't Misbehavin'" win
  • 1978 Liberal Julio Turbay Ayola wins Colombia elections
  • 1979 South-African pres Vorster resigns due to scandal
  • 1979 Sri Lanka forfeit ICC Trophy game vs Israel for political reasons

Birthdays in History

  • 1394 Philippa of England, Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, born in Peterborough Castle, Cambridgeshire (d. 1430)
  • 1489 Antoine, Duke of Lorraine, born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1544)
  • 1604 Claudia de' Medici, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, born in Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1648)
  • 1665 Zacharie Robutel de La Noue, Canadian soldier, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1733)
  • 1694 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, born in Méré, Versailles, France (d. 1774)
  • 1697 Jacob Israel Emden [Jacob ben Tswi], German rabbi, born in Altona, Denmark (d. 1776)
  • 1700 Theodoor Verhaegen, Flemish sculptor, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1759)
  • 1704 Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer, born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1776)

Person of interestGeorge III

1738 George III, King of Great Britain (1760-1820), born in London, England

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1744 Patrick Ferguson, Scottish army officer and rifle inventor (Ferguson flintlock rifle), born in Pitfours, Scotland (d. 1780)
  • 1751 John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, British barrister and politician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland (d. 1838)
  • 1754 Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer, born in Pest, Hungary (d. 1832)
  • 1787 Constant Prévost, French geologist, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • 1801 James Pennethorne, English architect and planner, born in Worcester, Pennethorne (d. 1871)
  • 1803 Gabriel J. Rains, American army officer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in New Bern, North Carolina (d. 1881)
  • 1815 Paul Jones Semmes, American businessman and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilkes County, Georgia (d. 1863)
  • 1816 Régis de Trobriand, French aristocrat, lawyer and Bvt Mjr Gen (Union), born in Tours, France (d. 1897)
  • 1821 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet, born in Moscow, Imperial Russia (d. 1897)
  • 1828 Alexander William Campbell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1893)
  • 1833 Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley, British army general, born in Dublin (d. 1913)
  • 1838 Servaas Daems [Peeter Klein], Flemish writer (Lute & Flute), born in Noorderwijk, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • 1863 Edmond Robert Hubert Regout, Dutch industrialist and politician, born in Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1913)
  • 1866 Miina Sillanpää, Finnish first female minister and a key figure in the workers' movement, born in Jokioinen, Finland (d. 1952)
  • 1867 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Finnish general and 6th President of Finland (1944-46), born in Askainen, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1877 Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927), born in Pforzheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Frank Buchman, American theologist (Moral Re-Armament), born in Pennsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1961)
  • 1879 Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children's author and illustrator, born in Mile End, London (d. 1964)
  • 1881 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Nagaevo, Tula Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1893 Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania, born in Piteşti, Romania (d. 1939)
  • 1893 Daan Boens, Flemish poet (Man who sold his Wife), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • 1895 Dino Conte Grandi, Italian Fascist politician and delegate to league of nations (1925-32), born in Mordano, Italy (d. 1988)
  • 1899 Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect, born in Alexandria (d. 1989)
  • 1907 Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (Gouverneurs de la Rosée), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 1944)
  • 1907 Patience Strong [Winifred Emma May], English poet and journalist, born in Catford, London (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Angela Maria "Geli" Raubal, Hitler's reputed lover and half-niece, born in Linz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1931)
  • 1908 Walther Vanbeselaere, Flemish art historian, born in Zevekote, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Tony Giffard, 3rd Earl of Halsbury, British peer and scientist (d. 2000)
  • 1909 William M. Batten, American businessman and CEO (NY Stock Exchange 1976-84), born in Parkersburg, West Virginia (d. 1999)
  • 1910 Christopher Cockerell, English inventor (Hovercraft), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1999)
  • 1910 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, born in Frenda, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Austin Andrew Wright, British sculptor, born in Chester, England (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Robert Jacobsen, Danish sculptor (great iron sculptures), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1993)
  • 1914 Willy-August Linnemann, Danish writer and journalist, born in Harrislee, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1915 Modibo Keïta, 1st President of Mali (1960-68), born in Bamako Coura, Upper Senegal and Niger (d. 1977)
  • 1916 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (co-winner Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1998), and educator, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • 1917 Allen Greenwood, British aeronautical engineer and aerospace executive, born in 38 Court Yard, Eltham, London (d. 2009)
  • 1917 Howard Metzenbaum, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Dorothy Howell Rodham, Mother of US First Lady, Senator and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1920 Russell E. Train, American environmentalist and administrator (EPA, WWF), born in Jamestown, Rhode Island (d. 2012)
  • 1922 John West, vice chancellor (Bradford University)
  • 1922 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr., American naval officer, First African American fleet commander, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2004)
  • 1923 John Lea, British vice-admiral, born in Shimla, India (d. 2015)
  • 1923 Elizabeth Jolley, British-born Australian writer (Palomino), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Robert Earl Hughes, American man who became heaviest known human (485 kg), born in Monticello, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • 1928 Paul Greening, Royal Navy officer and master of Queen's household, born in Steyning, Sussex, England (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Ruth Westheimer, German-American sex therapist and media personality (Dr Ruth), born in Wiesenfeld, Germany
  • 1929 Karolos Papoulias, President of Greece (2005-15), born in Ioannina, Greece
  • 1932 Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (Season of the Jew), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2004)
  • 1933 John Sparrow, Chairman (British Horserace Betting Levy Board)
  • 1934 Carl Fredrik Reutersward, Swedish artist (knotted-gun sculpture), born in Stockholm (d. 2016)
  • 1936 David Lyon, CEO (Bowater), born in London
  • 1937 Mortimer Zuckerman, Canadian-American media proprietor and CEO (US News & World Report, NY Daily News), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1937 Robert Fulghum, American author (All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten), born in Waco, Texas
  • 1940 Gerrit Terpstra, Dutch economist and 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Buitenpost, Netherlands
  • 1940 Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Linz, born in Most pri Bratislave, Slovakia
  • 1943 Joyce Meyer, American Charismatic Christian author and speaker, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1945 Daniel Topolski, British writer and rowing coach, born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Ivan "Ironman" Stewart, American Mickey Thompson off-road champion (1983, 84, 90), born in Oklahoma
  • 1947 Viktor Klima, Austrian politician (20th Chancellor of Austria), born in Schwechat, Austria
  • 1951 Yvonne van Rooy, Dutch State Secretary for Economic Affairs, born in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1951 Wendy Pini, American comic book writer (Elfquest), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1953 Susumu Ojima, Japanese entrepreneur (Huser), born in Shikama, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan
  • 1955 Paul Stewart, British writer (The Edge Chronicles, Far Flung Adventures), born in London, England
  • 1956 John Hockenberry, American journalist (HEAT with John Hockenberry), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1959 Lord Rayleigh, agri-businessman (Lord Rayleigh Farms)
  • 1959 Anil Ambani, Indian businessman (Reliance Group), born in Bombay, Maharashtra State, India
  • 1961 Ferenc Gyurcsány, Prime Minister of Hungary (2004-09), born in Pápa, Hungary
  • 1963 Mossimo Giannulli, American fashion designer (founded Mossimo), born in California
  • 1966 Vladimir Voevodsky, Russian mathematician
  • 1970 Ekrem İmamoğlu, Turkish politician, Mayor of Istanbul (2019-), born in Akçaabat, Turkey
  • 1971 Joseph Kabila, Congolese politician
  • 1974 Andrew Gwynne, British politician

Person of interestAlexei Navalny

1976 Alexei Navalny, Russian political activist (leader of Progress Party), born in Butyn, Soviet Union

Political Activist Alexei Navalny
Political Activist
Alexei Navalny
  • 1982 Ronnie Prude, National Football League player
  • 1990 Evan Spiegel, American Internet entrepreneur, co-founder and CEO of Snapchat (Snap Inc.), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1993 Christian Alexander Mowatt, grandson of English princess Alexandra
  • 2021 Lilibet Diana Mountbatten-Windsor, daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, born in Santa Barbara, California

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1913 Author A. A. Milne (31) weds Dorothy Daphne de Selincourt

Author A. A. Milne
A. A. Milne

LoveWedding of Interest

1915 Canadian diplomat Vincent Massey (28) weds Alice Parkin

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey

LoveWedding of Interest

1924 Physician Frederick Banting (32) weds Marion Robertson

LoveWedding of Interest

1940 Radio broadcaster Paul Harvey (21) weds radio producer Lynne Cooper

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey

Deaths in History

  • 1039 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor (1027-39), King of Germany, Italy and Burgundy, founder of the Salian dynasty, dies at 49
  • 1135 Huizong, 8th Emperor of Song Dynasty of China, dies at 53
  • 1206 Adèle of Champagne, wife of Louis VII of France
  • 1257 Duke Przemysl I of Poland
  • 1267 Hendrik of Vianden, bishop of Utrecht (1252-67), dies
  • 1394 Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV of England and mother of Henry V, dies at about 26
  • 1463 Flavio Biondi, Italian writer (Rome instaurata), dies at about 65
  • 1558 Maximilian of Burgundy, leader of Holland/admiral, dies at 43
  • 1585 Marc Antoine de Muret, French humanist, dies at 59
  • 1608 Francesco Caracciolo, Italian priest and saint (Caracciolini), dies at 44
  • 1663 William Juxon, archbishop of Canterbury (1660-63), dies
  • 1674 John Lievens, Dutch painter, etcher and wood carver, dies at 66
  • 1792 John Burgoyne, British general (surrendered at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War), dies at 70
  • 1793 Jan Ekels de Young, Dutch painter, dies at 34

Person of interestGiacomo Casanova

1798 Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer, writer, librarian and womanizer, dies at 73

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1801 Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (b. 1750)
  • 1809 Nicolai Arbraham Abildgaard, Danish painter/architect, dies at 65
  • 1818 John van Well, choreographer/mime (Pierrot), dies at 44
  • 1825 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies
  • 1830 Antonio José de Sucre, Great Marshall of Ayacucho (b. 1795)
  • 1850 Willem F Mauritius HK, Prince of Orange-Nassau, dies from meningitis at 6
  • 1864 Nassau William Senior, British economist (New Poor Law 1834), dies at 73
  • 1872 Johan R Thorbecke, literature/liberal premier, dies
  • 1875 Eduard Friedrich Mörike, German poet, dies at 70
  • 1880 Eugen Adam, painter, dies
  • 1887 William A. Wheeler, American politician (19th Vice President of the United States), dies at 67
  • 1918 Charles W. Fairbanks, 26th Vice President of the United States (Republican: 1905-09) and Senator, dies of nephritis at 66
  • 1921 Heinrich E Albers-Schoenberg, German x-ray experimenter, dies at 56
  • 1922 William Halse Rivers, British psychologist/anthropologist, dies
  • 1925 Pierre Louÿs, French writer (Aphrodite), dies at 54
  • 1926 Eugeen of Oye, Flemish writer/poet (Sparks & Radiates), dies
  • 1931 Ibn Ali Hussein, King of Hejaz, dies
  • 1937 Keke Geladze, Russian seamstress who was the mother of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, dies at 78 or 81

Person of interestWilhelm II

1941 Wilhelm II von Hohenzollern, German Emperor (1888-1918), dies of a pulmonary embolus at 82

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Person of interestReinhard Heydrich

1942 Reinhard Heydrich, German Nazi leader (head of Bohemia and Moravia and the Reich Main Security Office), dies a week after an assassination attempt at 38

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • 1945 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • 1954 Harold Hoffman, (Gov-NJ), dies at 58
  • 1958 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, dies at 79
  • 1959 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Gilda, Farewell to Arms), dies at 58
  • 1962 William Beebe, US biologist/explorer, dies at 84
  • 1964 Samuil Marshak, Russian-Soviet writer, translator and children's poem poet, dies at 76
  • 1965 Bernard Verhoeven, Dutch poet (Pleidooi near een non), dies at 68
  • 1966 Blanche Knopf, American publisher, president of Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. and wife of publisher Alfred A. Knopf Sr., dies at 71
  • 1970 Hjalmar Schcacht [Horace Greeley], Nazi minister, dies
  • 1970 Jopie [Johan A] Pengel, premier Suriname, dies
  • 1971 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic, dies at 86

Person of interestArna Bontemps

1973 Arna Bontemps, American poet (Harlem Renaissance), dies of heart attack at 72 in Nashville

  • 1973 Murray Wilson, father of beachboys Brian, Carl & Dennis, dies at 55
  • 1973 Emma "Grandma" Gatewood, American ultra-light hiking pioneer and 1st woman to hike the Appalachian Trail alone, dies of an apparent heart attack at 85
  • 1978 Jorge de Sena, Portuguese novelist and poet (Reino da Estupidez), dies at 58
  • 1985 John Ringling North, American circus director (Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus from 1937-43), dies at 81
  • 1989 Dik Browne, cartoonist (Hi & Lois, Hagar the Horrible), dies at 71
  • 1994 Roberto Burle Marx, Brazilian landscape gardener, dies at 84
  • 1994 Thomas Stuart Willan, historian, dies at 84
  • 1994 Toto Bissainthe, voodoo poet, dies at 59
  • 1995 Herta Ryder, literary agent, dies at 77
  • 1995 Paul WIlliams, climber, dies at 49
  • 1995 William J Law, sailor, dies at 84
  • 1996 Tito Okello, president of Uganda (1985-86), dies
  • 1996 Kudirat Abiola, wife of Moshood Abiola, is assassinated
  • 1997 Kurt Alfred Adler, therapist/writer, dies at 92
  • 2001 Dipendra of Nepal, Nepal prince who shot his parent and seven other family members, dies in a coma while technically King at 29
  • 2002 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Peruvian politician (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Eric Molobi, South African activist (ANC, Kagiso Trust), dies at 58
  • 2007 Jim Clark, American sheriff and segregationist (b. 1922)
  • 2007 Craig L. Thomas, United States Senator (b. 1933)
  • 2011 Juan Francisco Luis, U.S. Virgin Islander governor (b. 1940)
  • 2011 Claudio Bravo Camus, Chilean born painter, dies at 74
  • 2015 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer (Palatino and Optima), dies at 96
  • 2019 Jiggs Kalra, Indian food writer "Czar of Indian cuisine", dies at 72