On This Day

On This Day in History for June 5

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

70 Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
  • 754 Friezen robbers murder Bishop Boniface (later Saint) and over 50 companions near Dokkum
  • 1257 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.

When The Bells Rang Out For FreedomWhen The Bells Rang Out For Freedom

1284 Charles of Salerno is captured by Roger of Lauria during a naval battle in the Gulf of Naples, part of the Sicilian Vespers uprising

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An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
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  • 1288 Battle of Worringen: Jan I, Duke of Brabant defeats army of Archbishop Siegfried II of Cologne, one of the largest and fiercest battles of the Middle Ages
  • 1305 Archbishop Bertrand the Got of Bordeaux elected Pope Clement V
  • 1507 England and Netherlands sign trade agreement
  • 1625 Spanish troops under Spinola conquer Breda

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1632 Prince Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange conquers Roermond

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1752 Prince William of Orange becomes Knight of Garter
  • 1794 US Congress passes the Neutrality Act, banning Americans from serving in foreign armed forces
  • 1798 The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1799 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1805 1st recorded tornado in "Tornado Alley" (Southern Illinois)
  • 1806 Batavian Republic becomes Kingdom of Holland

  • 1827 Turks capture the Acropolis and take Athens during the Greek War of Independence
  • 1829 HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba
  • 1832 Anti-monarchist forces launch an uprising in Paris, starting the unsuccessful June Rebellion

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1833 Ada Lovelace (future 1st computer programmer) meets Charles Babbage

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
Inventor Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage
  • 1846 Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia and Baltimore
  • 1848 Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange by Lodewyk Royer unveiled in The Hague's Het Plein
  • 1849 Danish National Day, Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1851 Anti-slavery novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin" by Harriet Beecher Stowe first published in serial form in "The National Era"

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • 1855 Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's 1st convention
  • 1857 Walter Woodbury and James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Jakarta)
  • 1861 Federal marshals seize arms and gunpower at Du Pont works DE
  • 1863 Battle of Franklin's Crossing, Virginia (Deep Run)
  • 1863 CSS Alabama captures "Talisman" in the Mid Atlantic
  • 1864 Battle of Piedmont, Virginia (Augusta City)
  • 1870 Great Fire of Pera in a district of Constantinople, the wealthiest part of the city, kills hundreds
  • 1872 Republican National Convention meets in Philadelphia
  • 1873 Sultan Bargash bin Said under British pressure closes the infamous slave market of Zanzibar in modern day Tanzania
  • 1875 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
  • 1876 Bananas become popular in US, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
  • 1882 Storm & floods hits Bombay; about 100,000 die

  • 1884 William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated & will not serve if elected"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1888 Unusual Rio de la Plata Earthquake measures magnitude 5.5
  • 1900 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Emperor Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the Slavs

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1906 Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet
  • 1912 US marines invade Caimanera, Cuba
  • 1913 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • 1915 Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage
  • 1916 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • 1917 10 million US men begin registering for draft in WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell in San Francisco (later Bank of America)

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1922 The Banker's committee of the Reparations Commission refuses an international loan to Germany
  • 1929 Ramsey MacDonald forms minority Labour government in Britain
  • 1931 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • 1933 US drops the Gold Standard when Congress enacts a joint resolution nullifying creditors right to demand payment in gold
  • 1934 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Henry Ford initiates a 32 hour work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1940 A synthetic rubber tire exhibited in Akron, Ohio by Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
  • 1940 American Negro Theater organizes

  • 1940 Battle of France begins in WW II
  • 1940 General Von Bock starts a German offensive in the Somme

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 General Charles de Gaulle becomes French junior minister of Defense

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1940 Governor of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles refuse entry to Jewish refugees
  • 1940 Netherlands rations petroleum
  • 1941 World War II: At least 4,000 people who hid in a tunnel die after a Japanese air attack on the Chinese city of Chongqing
  • 1942 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • 1942 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • 1942 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • 1943 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • 1943 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • 1944 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • 1944 Allied forces march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • 1946 Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946 Eric de Noorman, a Dutch comic strip by Hans G. Kresse, is launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the "Marshall Plan" to rebuild Western Europe

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Enid Blyton's wooden toy character Noddy first appears in the "Sunday Graphic"

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • 1950 US Supreme Court undermines legal foundations of segregation
  • 1953 Denmark adopts a new constitution
  • 1953 US Senate rejects China People's Republic membership to UN

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ecclesiae fastos

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1956 US Federal court rules racial segregation on Montgomery buses anti-Constitutional
  • 1959 Bob Dylan graduates from Hibbing High School in Minnesota

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 The first independent government of the State of Singapore is sworn in with Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1963 British Minister of War John Profumo resigns due to Christine Keeler scandal
  • 1963 Dutch Princess Marijke changes her name to Christina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 State of siege proclaimed in Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini arrested

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1965 Lopez Arellano becomes president of Honduras

Declaration of WarSix-Day War

1967 Six-Day War begins between Israel and the neighboring Arab states of Egypt, Jordan and Syria

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Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
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  • 1967 American mass murderer Richard Speck sentenced to death in electric chair (later reversed, dies in prison)
  • 1967 Royal Canadian Mint ordered to start converting 10 cent & 25 cent coins to pure nickel as soon as possible

Bobby Kennedy Gunned Down on Campaign TrailBobby Kennedy Gunned Down on Campaign Trail

1968 Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan shoots Robert F. Kennedy three times, who dies the next day. and wounds 5 others at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California

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Bobby Kennedy lays dying on the floor of the Ambassador Hotel. His killer, Sirhan Sirhan, was refused parole in 2016
Bobby Kennedy lays dying on the floor of the Ambassador Hotel. His killer, Sirhan Sirhan, was refused parole in 2016
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  • 1969 Dutch Antilles government of Kroon resigns
  • 1969 Race riot in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1969 International communist conference begins in Moscow
  • 1970 Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1970 The Falls Road curfew in North Ireland, imposed by the British Army while searching for IRA weapons, is lifted after a march by women breaches the British Army cordon
  • 1972 "If You Had Wings" opens at Walt Disney World
  • 1972 UN Conference on Human Environment opens in Stockholm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Yugoslav president Josip Tito visits USSR

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito

Birthdays in History

  • 1341 Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England, born in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1402)
  • 1493 Justus Jonas, German Protestant theologian and reformer, born in Nordhausen, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1555)
  • 1523 Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry, born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1573)
  • 1553 Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician and writer, born in Urbino, Marche, Italy (d. 1617)
  • 1640 Pu Songling, Qing Dynasty Chinese writer (Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio), born in Zibo, Shandong (d. 1715)

Person of interestElena Cornaro Piscopia

1646 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1684)

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • 1660 Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend of Queen Anne of Great Britain, born in Hertfordshire (d. 1744)
  • 1664 Mustafa II [Mustafa Oglu Mehmed IV], Ottoman Sultan (1695-1703), born in Edirne, Ottoman Empire (d. 1703)
  • 1695 Johann Conrad Schlaun, German baroque architect (Schloss Münster), born in Nörde, Warburg, Germany (d. 1773)
  • 1718 Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker, baptized in Otley, Yorkshire, England (d. 1779)
  • 1729 Cláudio Manuel da Costa, Brazilian poet, born in Mariana, Minas Gerais, Portuguese Colony of Brazil (d. 1789)
  • 1736 Corneille-François de Nélis, Flemish scholar and bishop of Antwerp, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1798)
  • 1757 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist, born in Cosnac, Corrèze, France (d. 1808)
  • 1760 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), born in Turku, Finland (d. 1852)
  • 1765 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, born in Simmozheim (d. 1831)
  • 1771 Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover (1837-51), born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1851)
  • 1771 Willem Frederik van Bylandt, Dutch military officer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1855)
  • 1781 Christian August Lobeck, German classical scholar, born in Naumburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1819 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discoverer of Neptune), born in Laneast, Launceston, Cornwall (d. 1892)
  • 1823 George Thorndike Angell, American lawyer and advocate for the humane treatment of animals (ASPCA), born in Southbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1909)
  • 1825 Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, American politician (Rep-Ala, 1857-61), born in Lincoln County, Georgia (d. 1903)
  • 1827 Beverly Holcombe Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Amelia County, Virginia (d. 1910)
  • 1831 Marcus Joseph Wright, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Purdy, Tennessee (d. 1922)
  • 1841 Marie of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange Nassau, born in Wassenaar, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • 1850 Pat Garrett, American Western lawman, born in Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1908)
  • 1862 Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish physician (Nobel 1911), born in Landskrona, Sweden (d. 1930)
  • 1868 James Connolly, Irish socialist (founder of the Irish Socialist Republican Party), born in Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • 1877 Johan W. Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • 1878 Pancho Villa [José Doroteo Arango Arámbula], Mexican revolutionary general and guerrilla leader, born in La Coyotada, San Juan del Río, Durango, Mexico (d. 1923)
  • 1879 Robert Mayer, German-born businessman and philanthropist, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1985)

Person of interestJohn Maynard Keynes

1883 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1946)

  • 1884 Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (Manservant and Maidservant), born in Pinner, Middlesex, England (d. 1969)
  • 1885 Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, born in Chatou, Yvelines (d. 1944)
  • 1887 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • 1888 Raden Mas Noto Soeroto, Javanese poet (Melatiknoppen), born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia (d. 1951)
  • 1892 Alexander Loudon, Dutch diplomat (Ambassador to Washington)
  • 1894 Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian-English publisher, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1976)
  • 1898 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet and dramatist (Blood Wedding), born in Fuente Vaqueros, Granada, Andalucía, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1898 Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian luxury shoe designer (Salvatore Ferragamo S.p.A.), born in Bonito, Italy (d. 1960)

Person of interestDennis Gabor

1900 Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-British engineer and physicist (invented holography, Nobel Prize 1971), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1979)

Physicist and Electrical Engineer Dennis Gabor
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
Dennis Gabor
  • 1902 Hugo Huppert, Austrian writer and poet, born in Bielitz, Silesia (d. 1982)
  • 1906 John Kemp, 1st Viscount Rochdale, British soldier and businessman (d. 1993)
  • 1907 Rolf Bongs, German writer, born in Dusseldolf (d. 1981)
  • 1907 Rudolf Peierls, German-British physicist (atomic bomb), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Jack Jacob, British senior master (British Supreme Court), born in Shanghai (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Arthur Vick, British physicist and vice chancellor (Queens University, Belfast), born in Solihull, England (d. 1998)
  • 1911 Charles Fletcher, British pioneering physician and TV presenter (wrote the 1st report into the dangers of smoking), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Dean Amadon, American ornithologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Beatrice de Cardi, British archaeologist ( Baluchistan region), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1915 Alfred Kazin, American writer and literature critic (The Inmost Leaf), born in Brownsville, NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1915 Lancelot Ware, English barrister and co-founder of Mensa, the international society for intellectually gifted people, born in Mitcham, Surrey, England (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Jack Sutherland, Scottish journalist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Carel van Dillen, Dutch resistance fighter
  • 1919 Richard Scarry, American children's author and illustrator (What Do People Do All Day?), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • 1920 Cornelius Ryan, Irish war reporter and historian (Bridge too Far), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1974)
  • 1924 Kenneth Burslam Gardner, British librarian and orientalist (d. 1995)
  • 1925 William L. Dickinson, American politician (Rep-R-AL, 1965-93), born in Opelika, Alabama (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Otto F. Walter, Swiss writer and publisher (Walter Verlag), born in Rickenbach (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Tony Richardson, English theater and film director (Tom Jones), born in Shipley, England (d. 1991)
  • 1930 Robert Buchanan, British archaeologist and founder of Bath University (d. 2020)
  • 1930 Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Jacques Demy, French director (Lola, Magic Donkey), born in Pontchâteau, France (d. 1990)
  • 1931 John Dellow, British police commissioner (London Metropolitan Police), born in London, England
  • 1931 Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher and anthroposopist, born in Warsaw (d. 2021)
  • 1932 Christy Brown, Irish novelist (My Left Foot, Down All the Days), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1934 Bill Moyers, American news commentator (Bill Moyers' Journal) and White House Press Secretary, born in Hugo, Oklahoma
  • 1934 Curt Michel, American astrophysicist and NASA astronaut, born in LaCrosse Wisconsin (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Gwen Swire, British social worker (BASW)
  • 1938 Marion Chapman, smallest known premature baby to survive (280 g), born in South Shields, England

Person of interestJoe Clark

1939 Joe Clark [Charles Joseph], 16th Prime Minister of Canada (1979-80), born in High River, Alberta

16th Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark
16th Prime Minister of Canada
Joe Clark
  • 1939 Margaret Drabble, British author (Needle's Eye), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1942 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979- ), born in Acoacán , Spanish Guinea
  • 1943 Ann Craft, British researcher and writer and disabilities advocate (NAPSAC)
  • 1943 Matthew Lesko, American author, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 David Hare, English playwright and director (Plenty, The Hours, The Reader), born in St. Leonards-on-Sea, England
  • 1947 Eric Molobi, South African activist (ANC), born in Alexandra township, Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2006)
  • 1948 Frank Esler-Smith, English Australian rocker (Air Supply), born in London, England (d. 1991)

Person of interestKen Follett

1949 Ken Follett, Welsh spy author (Eye of the Needle, Lie Down with Lions), born in Cardiff, Wales

Author Ken Follett
Ken Follett
  • 1950 Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist & political activist, born in Sta. Mesa, Manila, Philippines
  • 1956 Richard A. Searfoss, American astronaut (STS 58, 76, sk 90), born in Mount Clemons, Michigan
  • 1958 Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of the Comoros, born in Mutsamudu, Comoros
  • 1958 Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, Thai businessman, sports team owner (Leicester City FC), born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 2018)
  • 1960 Margo Lanagan, Australian author, born in Raymond Terrace, Australia
  • 1962 Astrid, Belgian princess and daughter of Albert II
  • 1972 Chuck Klosterman, American journalist, born in Breckenridge, Minnesota
  • 1974 Tate Reeves, American politician, Governor of Mississippi (2020-), born in Florence, Mississippi
  • 1980 Yasser Latif Hamdani, Pakistani constitutional lawyer

Person of interestBreonna Taylor

1993 Breonna Taylor, African American medical technician who was shot and killed by police officers in her home, born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2020)

Victim of Police Brutality Breonna Taylor
Victim of Police Brutality
Breonna Taylor
  • 2005 Irene Urdangarin, granddaughter of King Juan Carlos I of Spain

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1856 Industrialist Samuel Colt (41) weds philanthropist Elizabeth Hart Jarvis (29)

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt

LoveWedding of Interest

2010 Radio personality Rush Limbaugh (59) weds wife No. 4, event planner Kathryn Rogers (33), at The Breakers Hotel in Palm Beach, Florida

Radio Personality and Author Rush Limbaugh
Radio Personality and Author
Rush Limbaugh

Deaths in History

  • 535 Epiphanius of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 754 Boniface [Winfrid], English saint, Archbishop of Mainz, murdered by robbers at 79
  • 754 Eoda, English speaking bishop of Utrecht, murdered
  • 1017 Emperor Sanjō of Japan (b. 976)
  • 1118 Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
  • 1288 Hendrik VI, earl of Luxembourg/Laroche (1281-88), dies in the Battle of Worringen
  • 1296 Edmund Crouchback, English prince and son of Henry III of England, dies at 51
  • 1316 Louis X, King of France (1314-16), dies at 26
  • 1383 Dmitry Konstantinovich, Russian prince (b. 1324)
  • 1443 Ferdinand, Portuguese prince and saint, dies serving as a hostage in Moorish Fez, at 40
  • 1568 Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman executed at 45
  • 1568 Philips van Montmorency count of Horne, admiral/statesman, beheaded
  • 1568 Willem Key, Flemish Renaissance painter, dies at about 47
  • 1667 Francesco Sforza Pallavicino, Italian theologist and historian (Istoria del Concilio di Trento), dies at 59
  • 1688 Constantine Phaulkon, Greek adventurer who served as advisor to King Narai of Ayutthaya (Siam), decapitated and disemboweled for high treason (b. 1647)
  • 1716 Roger Cotes, English mathematician (Newton-Cates formulas), dies at 33
  • 1738 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, dies at 79
  • 1791 Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
  • 1825 Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence (Chani of Gravia,), executed for supposedly collaborating with the Ottomans at 37
  • 1861 John Garland, US Union colonel and brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1864 William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 39
  • 1866 John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer, dies at 50
  • 1880 Jacob Cremer, Dutch painter and author (Betuwsche Novellen), dies at 52

Person of interestMary Ann Shadd Cary

1893 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher, dies of stomach cancer at 69

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary

Person of interestStephen Crane

1900 Stephen Crane, American novelist (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 28

Novelist Stephen Crane
Stephen Crane
  • 1902 Louis J. Weichmann, American clerk who was the chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, dies at 59
  • 1906 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)

Person of interestO. Henry

1910 O. Henry [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (Cabbages and Kings), dies of cirrhosis of the liver, diabetes complications and an enlarged heart at 47

Short Story Writer O. Henry
Short Story Writer
O. Henry
  • 1915 Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, French artist and sculptor, killed fighting in WWI at 23

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

1916 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1920 Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
  • 1921 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (Chat and Poche), dies at 58
  • 1923 George H. Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter, dies at 65
  • 1930 Jules Pascin [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian American painter and cartoonist, commits suicide at 45
  • 1939 Elijah Beardsworth, British world quick shaving champion, dies
  • 1939 Frank Van de Goes, Dutch writer and Marxist theorist, dies at 80
  • 1963 Donat Raymond, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame builder (head Canadian Arena Company, Montreal Forum rebuilt in 1968) and politician, dies at 83
  • 1965 Thornton W. Burgess, American conservationist & author (The Bedtime Story-Books; Now I Remember: Autobiography of an Amateur Naturalist), dies at 91
  • 1966 Natacha Rambova, American film costume designer, dies at 69
  • 1970 "Jopie" Pengel [Johan A], Premier of Suriname (1963-69), dies at 54
  • 1970 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), dies at 69
  • 1976 Walter Field, entertainer, dies at 101
  • 1978 John Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher, dies at 71
  • 1979 Pauline Offner, Zen Theravadin nun, dies at 53
  • 1980 Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician, dies at 70
  • 1984 Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Indies Sikh leader
  • 1984 Frederick Stratten Russell, English marine biologist (plankton life history and long-term changes in marine ecosystems), dies at 86
  • 1988 Clarence M. Pendleton Jr., African-American chairman of the United States Commission on Civil Rights (1981-88), dies at 57
  • 1990 Jan Zeldenrust, Dutch pathologist and anatomist, dies at 83
  • 1990 Vasily V Kuznetsov, President of USSR supreme soviet (1982-83, 85), dies
  • 1992 Max Lerner, American writer/columnist (NY Post), dies at 88
  • 1993 Conway Twitty [Harold Jenkins], American country and rockabilly singer-songwriter ("Linda On My Mind"; "Honky Tonk Heroes"), dies in surgery at 59
  • 1994 Thomas Millar, historian, dies at 67
  • 1996 Baldev Singh Chahal, campaigner, dies at 59
  • 1997 J Anthony Lukas, writer (Pulitizer, Common Ground), suicide at 64
  • 1998 Sam Yorty, American politician, Mayor of Los Angeles (1961-73), dies at 88
  • 1998 Alfred Kazin, American writer and literature critic (The Inmost Leaf), dies at 83
  • 2001 Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist, dies at 93
  • 2003 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician, German Vice Chancellor (1992-3), dies in a parachuting accident at 57
  • 2005 Adolfo Aguilar Zínser, Mexican politician (b. 1949)
  • 2006 Frederick Franck, American artist and writer (b. 1909)
  • 2007 Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer, dies at 85
  • 2012 Ray Bradbury, American author (Fahrenheit 451), dies at 91
  • 2012 Barry Unsworth, British novelist, dies from lung cancer at 81
  • 2013 Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, Irish paramilitary and political leader of Sinn Féin, dies at 80
  • 2015 Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician and close adviser to Saddam Hussein, dies at 79
  • 2018 Kate Spade, American fashion designer, commits suicide by hanging at 55