On This Day

On This Day in History for June 6

Events in History

  • 640 Arab Muslim army sent by Caliph Omar begins siege of Heliopolis, city succumbs mid to late July, paving way for Muslim conquest of Byzantine Egypt
  • 1002 German King Henry II the Saint crowned
  • 1242 24 wagonloads of Talmudic books burned in Paris
  • 1328 Franciscan theologian William of Ockham [Occam] excommunicated by Pope John XXII
  • 1391 Inhabitants of Seville, Spain, massacre 5,000 Jews
  • 1513 Battle of Novara, the War of the League of Cambrai: the Swiss Confederacy defeat the French
  • 1520 France and England sign treaty of Scotland
  • 1523 Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union
  • 1536 Mexico begins its inquisition
  • 1639 Massachusetts grants 500 acres of land to erect a gunpowder mill
  • 1654 Queen Christina of Sweden resigns and converts to Catholicism
  • 1665 Battle at Monte Carlo: English and Portuguese armies beat Spain
  • 1673 France and Brandenburg sign peace treaty
  • 1683 The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum
  • 1716 French transport the 1st African slaves to Louisiana
  • 1744 France and Prussia sign peace treaty

  • 1752 3rd great fire in Moscow in 2 weeks; 1/3 of city destroyed
  • 1772 Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles in Chicago
  • 1787 Franklin College founded, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Now part of Franklin & Marshall College.
  • 1795 Fire destroy 1/3 of Copenhagen; 18,000 injured
  • 1801 Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • 1809 Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established with a new constitution empowering Riksdag after 20 years of absolute monarchy
  • 1813 US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek (Ontario)

Volcanic EruptionEruption of Mount Tambora

1816 10" of snowfall in New England, part of a "year without a summer" which followed the eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia

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The massive Tambora volcano eruption
The massive Tambora volcano eruption
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822 Alexis St. Martin shot in the stomach and treated by physician William Beaumont on Mackinac Island. Leads Beaumont to conduct digestion experiments through hole in St. Martin's stomach.

  • 1831 2nd US national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • 1832 The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1844 Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) formed by George Williams in London

Founder of the YMCA George Williams
Founder of the YMCA
George Williams
  • 1859 Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).
  • 1861 Lincoln's cabinet declares Union government will pay for expenses once states have mobilized volunteers
  • 1862 Battle of Memphis fought on the Mississippi River, Union forces defeat Confederate fleet leading to the city's surrender
  • 1862 Skirmish at Harrisonburg, Virginia, sees the Confederates win a minor victory in the Battle of Good's Farm
  • 1863 Battle of Milliken's Bend, Louisiana and Williamsport, Maryland
  • 1864 Battle of Lake Chicot, Arkansas (Dutch Bayou)
  • 1875 Netherlands joins the gold standard
  • 1882 Cyclone in Arabian Sea (Bombay, India) drowns 100,000 (disputed event)

  • 1882 Electric iron patented by Henry W Seely, NYC
  • 1882 Ethiopia: Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, their victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River.
  • 1889 Great Fire in Seattle destroys 25 downtown blocks
  • 1890 United States Polo Association forms, NYC
  • 1892 Chicago South Side Elevated Railroad opens (1st 3.6 miles)
  • 1896 Frank Samuelsen and George Harbo leave NY harbor to row across Atlantic; their 55 day record for rowing was not broken for 114 years
  • 1900 Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • 1900 US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • 1903 President Emile Loubet of France and Minister of Foreign Affairs Theophile Declasse visit London, furthering the cause of Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • 1904 National Tuberculosis Association organized, Atlantic City, New Jersey
  • 1905 French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request
  • 1906 Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz)
  • 1911 Nicaragua signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)

Volcanic EruptionEruption of Novarupta

1912 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins, the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century

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Ash drifts around Katmai village barabaras (sod houses) after the June 1912 eruption of Novarupta
Ash drifts around Katmai village barabaras (sod houses) after the June 1912 eruption of Novarupta
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  • 1913 Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
  • 1914 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)
  • 1916 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler of much of China since 1912, causes the central government to virtually collapse in the face of warlords, including Sun Yat-sen

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1918 Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st US victory of WW I
  • 1919 Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910

  • 1919 Finland declares war on bolsheviks
  • 1919 The Republic of Prekmurje ends
  • 1920 Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army
  • 1921 Detroit Stars' Bill Gatewood pitches the 1st no-hitter in Negro League history, defeating the Cuban Stars 4-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Southwark Bridge in London is opened to traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Walter Chrysler founds automobile manufacturer Chrysler Corporation

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • 1926 Egyptian government of Adly Pasha forms
  • 1931 Belgian government of Henri Jaspar falls
  • 1932 The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1/4 ¢/L) sold
  • 1933 1st drive-in theater opens (Camden New Jersey)
  • 1933 US Employment Service created
  • 1934 Securities & Exchange Commission established
  • 1936 Aviation gasoline 1st produced commercially Paulsboro, New Jersey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Sigmund Freud arrives in London

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1939 NY supreme court justice J F Crater legally declared dead
  • 1939 The ship MS St. Louis, carrying 907 Jewish refugees from Europe, begins sailing back to the continent after it was refused entry into America. Approximately a quarter of those on board would perish in the Holocaust.
  • 1941 1st US Navy vessel constructed as mine layer, USS Terror (CM-5) launched from the Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • 1942 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • 1942 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway

  • 1942 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Robert Capa
  • 1944 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • 1944 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • 1945 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1946 Henry Morgan is 1st to take off shirt on TV
  • 1947 Treaty drawn up for establishment of International Patent Institute
  • 1949 Orapin Chaiyakan becomes the first Thai woman to be elected to the Parliament of Thailand
  • 1950 German DR & Poland sign treaty about Oder-Neisse border
  • 1950 Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
  • 1956 David Marshall, Singapore's first Chief Minister, resigns.
  • 1958 Ozzie Virgil is 1st black to play as a Tiger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle says Algeria will always be French

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1960 Roy Orbison releases "Only the Lonely"
  • 1960 South African police kill 11 Pondo's at Nqusa Hill
  • 1963 Gasunie, Dutch gas and transportation company established
  • 1964 Under a temporary order, the rocket launches at Cuxhaven, Germany, are terminated, though they never resume

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Civil rights activist James Meredith wounded by white sniper in Mississippi

Civil Rights Activist James Meredith
Civil Rights Activist
James Meredith
  • 1966 Gemini 9 completes 45 orbits after rendezvous with "angry alligator"
  • 1966 Stokely Carmichael launches "Black Power" movement

Declaration of WarSix-Day War

1967 Israeli troops occupy Gaza during second day of the Six-Day War

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Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Senator Robert F. Kennedy dies from his wounds after he was shot the previous night

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1971 Air West flight 706 collides with a US Marine Corps F-4B Phantom jet over Los Angeles killing all 49 aboard the DC-6 and the pilot of the F-4B

Birthdays in History

  • 1236 Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China and scholar-general in the last years of the Southern Song Dynasty, born in Ji'an, China (d. 1283)
  • 1436 Regiomontanus [Johannes Müller von Königsberg], German mathematician and astronomer, prepares astronomical tables, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1476)
  • 1519 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician and botanist, born in Arezzo, Italy (d. 1603)
  • 1576 Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman, born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1649)
  • 1580 Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, the crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him, born in Herk-de-Stad, Belgium (d. 1667)
  • 1599 Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (Las Meninas), baptized in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1660)
  • 1606 Pierre Corneille, French poet and dramatist (El Cid, Horace), born in Rouen, France (d. 1684)
  • 1622 Claude-Jean Allouez, French Jesuit missionary and explorer, born in Saint-Didier, France (d. 1689)
  • 1625 Domenico Guidi, Italian sculptor, born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1701)
  • 1695 Adriaen Valckenier, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1737-41), born in Amsterdam, Dutch Republic (d. 1751)
  • 1714 Joseph, King of Portugal (1750-77), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1777)

Person of interestNathan Hale

1755 Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War patriot, "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country.", born in Coventry, Connecticut, North American Colonies (d. 1776)

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale
  • 1756 John Trumbull, American painter (Declaration of Independence), born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1843)
  • 1765 Cornelis Loots, Dutch accountant and poet (Dwingelandij), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1834)
  • 1772 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Royal Palace, Naples (d. 1807)
  • 1799 Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer and poet (Eugene Onegin), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1813 Israel Washburn Jr., American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Maine (1853-61), born in Livermore, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • 1826 Sarah Parker Remond, African-American abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1894)
  • 1829 John Baillie McIntosh, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1888)
  • 1829 Hon'inbō Shūsaku, Japanese professional Go player, born in Innoshima, Bingo Province, Japan (d. 1862)
  • 1840 William Francis Bartlett, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Haverhill, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • 1841 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (Dziurdziowie), born in Milkowszczyzna, Poland (d. 1910)
  • 1844 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (Travellers in Auvergne), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Gerben Postma [Ids], Frisian writer (Swealtsjeblommen)
  • 1850 Karl Ferdinand Braun, German inventor, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909), born in Fulda, Electorate of Hessen, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1857 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1860 William Inge, English author, theologist and Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, born in Crayke, Yorkshire (d. 1954)
  • 1862 Henry John Newbolt, English poet and author (Studies Green & Gray), born in Bilston, Staffordshire, England (d. 1938)
  • 1867 David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1931)

Person of interestRobert Falcon Scott

1868 Robert Falcon Scott, British leader of ill-fated south pole expedition, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1912)

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott
  • 1872 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1873 Paul Keller, German writer (Ferien vom Ich), born in Arnsdorf, Lower Silesia, Germany (d. 1932)

Person of interestThomas Mann

1875 Thomas Mann, German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1955)

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • 1878 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, born in Paris (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Patrick Abercrombie, English architect and town planner, born in Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire, England (d. 1957)
  • 1880 William Thomas Cosgrave, President of the Irish Free State, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Paul Dudley White, American heart specialist, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • 1890 Dorothy Heyward, American playwright (Porgy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • 1892 Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (Duncan Toys Company), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1971)
  • 1894 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)
  • 1896 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot and governor of Libya, born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1940)
  • 1896 R. C. Sherriff, English playwright (Journey's End), born in Hampton Wick, Middlesex, England (d. 1975)
  • 1896 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, born in Clapton, London (d. 2009)
  • 1900 Manfred Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, born in Nadvorna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)

Person of interestSukarno

1901 Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), born in Surabaya, Java (d. 1970)

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1902 Harold Roxbee Cox, Baron Kings Norton, British aeronautical engineer, born in Kings Norton, England (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Max August Zorn, German mathematician (lemma of Zorn), born in Krefeld, Rhenish Prussia, Germany (d. 1993)
  • 1909 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-British philosopher, born in Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Jiří Hájek, Czech politician and diplomat, born in Krhanice, Czech Republic (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Carlo L. Golino, Italian-American scholar, born in Pescara, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1914 H. Adams Carter, American mountaineer (Alpine Club President 1954-58; editor American Alpine Journal 1960-95), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Kirk Kerkorian, American CEO and "father of the mega-resort" (MGM, UA), born in Fresno, California (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Tom Scott, Scottish poet (Sea Dirge: A Mither's Keenin), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Charles Pringle, British air marshal, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Lord Carrington [Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington], British conservative politician, former British Foreign Secretary (1979-82) and NATO Secretary General (1984-8), born in Chelsea, London (d. 2018)
  • 1923 V. C. Andrews, American author (Flowers in the Attic), born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 1986)
  • 1926 Tom Ryan, American comic strip cartoonist (Tumbleweeds), born in Anderson, Indiana (d. 2019)
  • 1928 George Deukmejian, American politician, 35th Governor of California (1983-91), born in Menands, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1932 David R Scott, American USAF Colonel and astronaut (Gem 8, Apol 9, 15), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1932 Ivan Chermayeff, British-born American graphic designer, born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1933 Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist (tunneling microscope-Nobel 1986), born in Buchs, Switzerland (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Albert II, King of Belgium (1993-2013), born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
  • 1934 Roy Innis, American activist, leader of the Congress of Racial Equality, born in St. Croix, US Virgin Islands (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Jean Gattegno, French translator and scholar, born in Paris (d. 1994)
  • 1936 Richard Green, American sexologist, lawyer, and author who advocated for gay and transsexual rights, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1938 Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, pretender to the Brazilian throne, born in Mandelieu-la-Napoule, France
  • 1939 Marian Wright-Edelman, American activist and health care president (Children's Defense Fund), born in Bennettsville, South Carolina
  • 1939 Nganani Enos J Mabuza, South African leader (Inyandza National Movement), born in Barberton, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • 1941 Alexander Cockburn, Scottish-born American journalist, born in Scotland (d. 2012)
  • 1944 David Penhaligon, British politician (President of the Liberal Party) (d. 1986)
  • 1944 Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist (Nobel 1993), born in Falmouth, Kentucky
  • 1945 David Bonior, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1946 Chelsea Brown, American comedienne (Laugh-In; Matt Lincoln), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1947 David Blunkett, English blind politician, Home Secretary (2001-4), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1953 Ken Calvert, American politician (Rep-R-California 1993-), born in Corona, California
  • 1953 Dimitris Avramopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1954 Harvey Fierstein, playwright (Torch Song Trilogy, ID4), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1954 Cynthia Rylant, American author
  • 1956 Jay C Buckey, American physician/astronaut (STS 58 alt, sk: 90), born in NYC, New York
  • 1959 Georgios Voulgarakis, Greek politician
  • 1968 François Avard, Canadian writer and scenarist
  • 1970 Sarah Dessen, American author
  • 1973 Kat Swift, American politician (Green Party)
  • 1977 Bryn Williams, Welsh chef
  • 1984 Noor Sabri, Iraqi footballplayer

Weddings in History

  • 1857 Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway
  • 1966 Socialite Claus von Bulow marries heiress Martha [Sunny]Sharp Crawford
  • 2009 "Survivor: Gabon" castaway Matty Whitmore weds Jamie Mass at Malibou Lake Mountain Club in Malibu

Divorces in History

  • 2010 Gossip Girl star Kelly Rutherford (40) divorces German entrepreneur Daniel Giersch (34) due to irreconcilable differences after 2 years of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 840 Agobard, archbishop of Lyon (anti-semite), dies
  • 1134 Norbertus van Xanten, monastery founder, dies at about 51
  • 1393 Emperor Go-En'yu of Japan (b. 1359)
  • 1480 Vecchietta, Italian artist and architect
  • 1548 Juan de Castro, Portuguese explorer (b. 1500)
  • 1563 Ikeda Nagamasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1519)
  • 1583 Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese warlord (b. 1556)
  • 1671 Stenka/Stepan Razin, Russian cossack/boer leader quartered alive (ns. 16 June)
  • 1686 Joannes B van Neercassel, RC spiritual leader of Neth, dies at 60
  • 1710 Francoise de la Baume Le Blanc, mistress of King Louis XIV, dies at 65
  • 1730 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France, dies at 83
  • 1740 Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony
  • 1762 George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 65
  • 1784 Joan Derk, Baron van der Capellen tot den Pol, Leader of democratic Patriots, dies at 42

Person of interestPatrick Henry

1799 Patrick Henry, American Revolutionary and Founding Father famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, dies at 63

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1813 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
  • 1816 Christiane Vulpius, wife of Johann W von Goethe, dies at 51
  • 1832 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher (b. 1748)
  • 1836 Antons Klemens Theodor, king of Saksen (1827-36), dies at 80
  • 1840 Marcellin Champagnat, French priest (b. 1789)
  • 1843 Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
  • 1861 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing teacher, dies at 59
  • 1861 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1810)
  • 1862 Turner Ashby, General, killed near Harrisonburg, Virginia, dies at 33
  • 1877 Prairie Flower, daughter of Ponca & chief Standing Bear, dies
  • 1878 Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (Stirling cycle engine) (b. 1790)

Person of interestJohn A. Macdonald

1891 John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (1867-73 and 1878-91), dies of a stroke at 76

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1898 Constant A Serrure, Flemish historian, dies at 62
  • 1906 Johan Philip van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter, lithographer and writer, dies at 74
  • 1914 Walter T Watts-Dunton, English lawyer, poet and writer (Aylwin), dies at 81
  • 1916 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), dies at 56
  • 1934 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (b. 1864)
  • 1934 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor and early television pioneer (also invented the altimeter and automobile self-starter) dies at 66
  • 1935 Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, British army officer, dies at 72
  • 1938 Rafael Guízar y Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop (cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution), dies at 60
  • 1939 Ford Madox Ford, American writer (The Good Soldier) and editor, dies at 65
  • 1941 Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-American automotive pioneer, dies of a heart attack at 62
  • 1943 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), dies at 74
  • 1944 Den Brotheridge, British lieutenant who was the 1st to die during D-Day landings in World War II is killed at 28
  • 1945 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, Dutch Nazi collaborator (National Socialist Movement (1937-41), commits suicide at 51

Person of interestGerhart Hauptmann

1946 Gerhart Hauptmann, German author (Before Dawn - Nobel Prize in Literature, 1912), dies at 83

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1948 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, dies at 83
  • 1955 Max Meldrum, Scottish-Australian painter (founder of Australian Tonalism), dies at 79

Person of interestHiram Bingham

1956 Hiram Bingham, American Archaeologist (Incan site of Machu Picchu), dies at 80

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham

Person of interestCarl Jung

1961 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), dies at 85

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Carl Jung
  • 1962 Yves Klein, French sculptor and painter, dies at 34
  • 1963 William Baziotes, American painter (abstract expressionist), dies at 50
  • 1967 Edward G Givens Jr, Major USAF/astronaut, dies in an car crash at 47
  • 1968 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (World Rad of Church), dies at 67

MurderRobert F. Kennedy

1968 Robert F. Kennedy, (US Senator (D), New York), assassinated in Los Angeles by Sirhan Sirhan at 42

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1968 Randolph Churchill, son of Winston Churchill (b. 1911)

Person of interestMiles Dempsey

1969 Miles Dempsey, British WWII general (XIII Corps, Second Army), dies of cancer at 72

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey

Person of interestJ. Paul Getty

1976 J. Paul Getty, American oil magnate and billionaire (Getty Oil), dies at 83

Industrialist J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
  • 1982 Kenneth Rexroth, American poet (b. 1905)
  • 1983 James E. Casey, American businessman and founder (United Parcel Service), dies at 95
  • 1984 A. Bertram Chandler, Anglo-Australian mariner and sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space), dies at 72
  • 1986 Herbert Eisenreich, Austrian writer, dies at 61
  • 1991 Sylvia Porter, economist/author (Money Book), dies at 77
  • 1993 James Bridges, writer/director (Paper Chase), dies of cancer at 57
  • 1993 Peter Tazelaar, adjutant of Dutch queen Wilhelmina, dies at 73
  • 1994 Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede), dies at 80
  • 1995 James Anderson, writer, dies at 41
  • 1996 George Snell, genetecist, dies at 92
  • 1996 Jean Sinclair, South African campaigner, founder member and first president of the Black Sash in 1955, dies at 88
  • 2000 Frédéric Dard, French writer (San-Antonio), dies at 78
  • 2003 Ken Grimwood, American writer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 Tom Jackson, British union leader (Post Office), dies at 78
  • 2004 Kate Worley, American comic book writer (Omaha the Cat Dancer), dies of cancer at 46
  • 2005 Maya Kopitseva, Russian painter of the Leningrad school, dies at 81
  • 2006 Arnold Newman, American photographer (b. 1918)
  • 2011 Shrek the sheep, New Zealand sheep that held world record for biggest shorn fleece, dies at 16
  • 2013 Jerome Karle, American chemist and Nobel Laureate, dies at 94
  • 2013 Tom Sharpe, British satirist and author, dies from complications from diabetes at 85
  • 2014 Eric Hill, British children's books author and illustrator (Where's Spot), dies at 86
  • 2015 Ludvik Vaculik, Czech writer (Two Thousand Words), dies at 88
  • 2015 Vincent Bugliosi, American attorney and author (Helter-Skelter), dies at 80

Person of interestPeter Shaffer

2016 Peter Shaffer, English playwright (Equus, Amadeus), dies at 90

Playwright Peter Shaffer
Peter Shaffer
  • 2016 Kimbo Slice [Kevin Ferguson], American mixed martial artist, dies at 42
  • 2017 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), dies at 81