On This Day

On This Day in History for June 7

Events in History

  • 555 Vigilius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099 1st Crusaders arrive in Jerusalem
  • 1340 Rotterdam Netherlands founded
  • 1413 King Ladislaw of Naples occupies Rome
  • 1420 Troops of the Republic of Venice capture Udine, ending the independence of the Patriarchate of Aquileia

Agreement of InterestTreaty of Tordesillas

1494 Treaty of Tordesillas: Spain and Portugal divide the new world along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa
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Front page of the Portuguese-owned treaty
Front page of the Portuguese-owned treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Field of the Cloth of Gold; meeting begins between English Henry VIII and King Francis I of France at Balinghem, France

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1527 Pope Clement VII surrenders to Emperor Charles V's armies

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1546 England signs Peace of Andres with Scotland/Ireland
  • 1557 England declares war on France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1614 2nd parliament of King James I, dissolves passing no legislation

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 English King Charles I ratifies the Petition of Rights

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

CrownRoyal Coronation

1654 Louis XIV crowned King of France

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1665 Boston's First Baptist Church, one of the oldest Baptist churches in America, is founded [NS March 1]

Historic DiscoveryGreat Plague of London

1665 Great Plague of London: Samuel Pepys writes in his diary of houses marked with a red cross in London's Drury Lane, meaning somebody inside is infected with the plague and must be locked in for 40 days or until death
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Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to
Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to "bring out your dead" at the height of the London plague outbreak in 1665
  • 1672 Battle by Solebay: Dutch admiral M de Ruyter beats French/English fleet

  • 1692 Earthquake in Porte Royale, Jamaica, kills 3,000
  • 1694 English invasion army under Thomas Tollemache reaches Brest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1753 British Museum founded by an Act of Parliament with royal assent from King George II (opens in 1759)

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1769 Daniel Boone begins exploring Bluegrass, State of Kentucky

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Daniel Boone

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Richard Lee (Virginia) moves Declaration of Independence in Continental Congress
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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
  • 1780 Anti-Catholic riot in London, hundreds die
  • 1788 French peasants stone the Army in Grenbole, an event known as the Day of the Tiles
  • 1798 Jews of Pesaro Italy fast commemorating murder of Jews
  • 1798 Thomas Malthus publishes the first edition of his influential 'Essay on the Principle of Population' (date of the unsigned preface)
  • 1800 David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Saskatchewan River in Manitoba
  • 1832 Asian cholera reaches Quebec, brought by Irish immigrants, and kills about 6,000 people in Lower Canada
  • 1839 Hawaiian Declaration of Rights is signed
  • 1860 Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, San Francisco
  • 1862 Skirmish at Union Church, Virginia (Peninsular)
  • 1862 General B. Butler orders William Mumford hanged after he removed and destroyed US flag on display over New Orleans Mint
  • 1862 The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade

BattleBattle of Interest

1863 Battle of Milliken's Bend, Lousisiana, Jefferson Davis' home burnt

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1863 Mexico City captured by French troops

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1864 Abraham Lincoln renominated for US President by the Republican Party

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1866 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec

  • 1875 California Rifle and Pistol Association founded
  • 1880 War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • 1887 Monotype type-casting machine patented by Tolbert Lanston, Washington, D.C.
  • 1892 Republican convention in Minneapolis begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1898 Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chicago
  • 1900 Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • 1905 Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814)
  • 1906 Famous Cunard passenger liner Lusitania launches
  • 1909 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
  • 1912 St Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America"
  • 1912 US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
  • 1913 1st verifiable ascent of main summit of Denali (Mt McKinley), North America's highest mountain led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Theodore Roosevelt declines nomination of the Progressive Party and throws his support behind Republican Charles Evans Hughes

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1917 Melvin Jones and a number of other Chicago businessmen found Lions Clubs International, now the largest service organization in the world
  • 1917 The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area
  • 1919 Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 George Leigh-Mallory disappears 775' from Everest's summit

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • 1926 Swedish government of Ekman forms
  • 1929 Margaret Bondfield becomes 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour)
  • 1929 Vatican City becomes a sovereign state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 George Balanchine and Kurt Weills' ballet chanté "7 Deadly Sins" premieres in Paris

Ballet Choreographer George Balanchine
Ballet Choreographer
George Balanchine
  • 1936 Yanks beat Indians 5-4 in 16; longest game without a strikeout

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution

Famous PhotoVery Rare Photo of the Supreme Court

1937 Time magazine publishes the second of the only two known photos taken of the United States Supreme Court in session
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One of two photos ever taken of the United States Supreme Court in session
One of two photos ever taken of the United States Supreme Court in session
  • 1938 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast, "Susan & God"
  • 1938 Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat 1st flown (Eddie Allen)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 The Douglas DC-4E makes its 1st test flight

Aviation Pioneer Donald Wills Douglas
Aviation Pioneer
Donald Wills Douglas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 George VI and Elizabeth become the 1st king and queen of Britain to visit USA

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1940 British/French troops evacuate Narvik

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and Richard L. M. Synge give the first demonstration of partition chromatography (separation of mixtures) at a meeting of the Biochemical Society held at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hampstead

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1942 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1942 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • 1942 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Attu, Aleutian Islands
  • 1944 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • 1944 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen
  • 1946 Pirates players vote 20-16 to walkout rather than play the Giants
  • 1946 US Supreme Court bans discrimination in interstate travel
  • 1948 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • 1948 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • 1953 1st color network telecast in compatible color (Boston Massachusetts)
  • 1953 Mary Terrell wins struggle to end segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants
  • 1954 1st microbiology laboratory dedicated (New Brunswick NJ)

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1955 1st President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 India Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visit USSR

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • 1956 Singapore government of Marshall resigns
  • 1958 Battles between Turkish & Greeks Cypriots break out
  • 1959 KLX-AM in Oakland California changes call letters to KEWB (now KNEW)
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 31,580 m
  • 1965 Gemini 4 completes 62 orbits
  • 1965 Morocco King Hassan suspends constitution, grabs power
  • 1965 The Supreme Court of the United States decides on Griswold v. Connecticut, effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples
  • 1967 2 Moby Grape members arrested for contributing to deliquency of minors
  • 1967 Israel captures Wailing Wall in East Jerusalem, Jericho and Bethlehem


1968 Sirhan Sirhan indicted for the assassination of US Senator Bobby Kennedy

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1968 The body of assassinated US Senator Robert F. Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York
  • 1969 Washington Senators draft Jeff Burroughs #1
  • 1971 Soviet Soyuz 11 crew completes 1st transfer to orbiting Salyut space station

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt visits Israel

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1972 Hsan Hua, Zen teacher, conducted 1st ordination ceremony in America
  • 1975 Dennis Lillee takes 1st one-day 5WI, 5-34 v Pakistan World Cup
  • 1977 Anita Bryant leads successful crusade against Miami gay rights law
  • 1979 52nd National Spelling Bee: Katie Kerwin wins spelling maculature

Birthdays in History

  • 1082 Huizong, 8th Emperor of Song Dynasty of China (d. 1135)
  • 1502 John III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1521-57), born in the Palace of Alcáçova, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1557)
  • 1529 Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and man of letters, born in Paris (d. 1615)
  • 1619 Paulus Voet, Dutch jurist and historian, born in Heusden, Netherlands (d. 1667)
  • 1761 John Rennie, Scottish engineer, born in East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1821)

Person of interestRobert Jenkinson

1770 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Tory: 1812-27), born in London (d. 1828)

British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
  • 1778 Beau [George Bryan] Brummel, English dandy, born in London, England (d. 1840)
  • 1811 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, born in Bathgate, West Lothian, Scotland (d. 1870)
  • 1812 Theophilus Toulmin Garrard, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Clay County, Kentucky (d. 1902)
  • 1825 R. D. Blackmore, English novelist (Norie, Lorna Doone), born in Longworth, Berkshire, England (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Amelia Edwards, English author (The Phantom Coach) and Egyptologist, born in London (d. 1892)
  • 1837 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler, born in Strones, Waldviertel, Austrian Empire (d. 1903)
  • 1840 Carlota of Mexico, princess of Belgium and empress consort of Mexico (1864-67), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1927)

Person of interestSusan Blow

1843 Susan Blow, American educator who pioneered kindergarten education and was known as the "Mother of the Kindergarten", born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1916)

Educator and Kindergarten Director Susan Blow
Educator and Kindergarten Director
Susan Blow

Person of interestPaul Gauguin

1848 Paul Gauguin [Eugene Henri], French post-impressionist painter who worked in French Polynesia, born in Paris (d. 1903)

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1862 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist (Nobel 1905), born in Pozsony, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1868 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator, born in Townhead, Glasgow (d. 1928)
  • 1877 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), born in Widnes, England (d. 1944)
  • 1879 Knud J. V. Rasmussen, Danish pole explorer (Thule), born in Jakobshavn, North Greenland, Kingdom of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • 1879 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer, born in Madioen, Java (d. 1963)
  • 1883 Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy, born in Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1948)
  • 1884 Julius P. Hoste, Belgium minister and daily newspaper publisher (Last News), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • 1886 Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1972)
  • 1887 William Walraven, Dutch journalist and writer (Indian Daily) (d. 1943)
  • 1891 Koos [Jacobus Jan] Vorrink, Dutch politician and socialist (SDAP/AJC/PvdA), born in Vlaardingen, Zuid, Holland, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1896 Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist and physicist (Nobel 1966), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • 1896 Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary (1953-56), born in Kaposvár, Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1896 Douglas Campbell, American aviator and World War I flying ace, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1990)
  • 1899 Elizabeth Bowen, Anglo-Irish novelist (The Death of the Heart, Encounters), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1973)
  • 1900 Jan Engelman, Dutch poet, translator and critic (Garden of Eros), born in Utrecht, the Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Herman B. Wells, president and chancellor of Indiana University, born in Jamestown, Indiana (d. 2000)
  • 1909 Peter W. Rodino, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey (1949-89), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1910 Bradford Washburn, American explorer and cartographer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2007)
  • 1910 Marion Post Wolcott, American photographer during the Great Depression, born in Montclair, New Jersey (d. 1990)
  • 1911 Brooks Stevens, American automotive designer (1949 Hydra-Glide Harley; 1963 Jeep Wagoneer), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Anthony David Machell Cox, medievalist
  • 1917 Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (Bean Eaters, Annie Allen, Pulitzer 1950), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), born in La Hoguette, France (d. 1997)
  • 1923 Giorgio Belladonna, Italian bridge player (16 x World C'ships; 10 x European C'ships, Italy open team-of-four), born in Rome (d. 1995)
  • 1923 Jules Deschênes, Canadian Quebec Superior Court judge, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Martin Carter, Guyanese poet and political activist, born in Georgetown, Guyana (d. 1997)
  • 1928 Anthony Nicholas Maria Wahl, American historian, born in New York (d. 1996)
  • 1928 David Malcolm Lewis, English historian, expert in Greek Epigraphy, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1928 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), born in Maple Lake, Minnesota (d. 2015)

Person of interestJohn Turner

1929 John Turner, 17th Prime Minister of Canada (1984), born in Richmond, England

17th Prime Minister of Canada John Turner
17th Prime Minister of Canada
John Turner
  • 1931 Malcolm Morley, English-American painter, born in London (d. 2018)
  • 1931 David Driskell, American artist and champion of African American art, born in Eatonton, Georgia (d. 2020)
  • 1933 Henk Koning, Dutch State Secretary of Finances (VVD), born in Beilen, Netherlands (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Thomas Kailath, American electrical engineer, born in Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • 1938 Judy Ann Scott-Fox, literary agent, born in Devon, England (d. 1994)
  • 1941 Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer, born in Wells (d. 1972)

Person of interestMuammar Gaddafi

1942 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist, born in Qasr Abu Hadi, Libya

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1943 Mel Levine, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-93), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1943 Nikki Giovanni, American poet (LHJ Woman of the Year 1973), born in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1945 Wolfgang Schüssel, Austrian People's Party politician, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1946 Jenny Jones [Janina Stronski], Canadian comedienne (Jenny Jones Show), born in Bethlehem, Palestine
  • 1954 Louise Erdrich, American author (Love Medicine, The Bingo Palace), born in Little Falls, Minnesota
  • 1955 Bill Koch, American skier, born in Brattleboro, Vermont
  • 1957 Ruth Anderson, Welsh rug hooker famous for her folk rugs
  • 1958 Francesca Thyssen, Swiss art collector, born in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 1958 Surakiart Sathirathai, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand

Person of interestMike Pence

1959 Mike Pence, 48th Vice President of the United States (Republican: 2017-) and Governor of Indiana (2013-16), born in Columbus, Indiana

48th Vice President of the United States Mike Pence
48th Vice President of the United States
Mike Pence
  • 1965 Damien Hirst, English artist, born in Bristol, England
  • 1971 Alex X. Mooney, American politician
  • 1978 Adrienne Frantz, (Tiffany Thorne-Sunset Beach), born in Mt Clemens, Michigan
  • 1979 Anne McClain, American army officer and NASA astronaut (Soyuz MS-11), born in Spokane, Washington
  • 1989 Michael Joseph Tamboli, born 01:23:45 PM on 6-7-89 in Eldersburg, Maryland
  • 1993 Jordan Fry, American actor (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory), born in Spokane, Washington

Weddings in History

  • 421 Eudocia A. Athenais marries Oostromeins emperor Theodosius II
  • 1601 Louis Gunther of Nassau weds countess Anna Margaretha of Manderscheid
  • 1937 Three Stooges member Curly Howard (33) weds Elaine Ackerman

LoveWedding of Interest

1947 US Senator Edward W. Brooke (27) weds first wife Remigia Ferrari-Scacco

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • 1975 Academy Award-winning director Ron Howard (21) weds Cheryl Alley (21) at Magnolia Park United Methodist Church in Burbank, California
  • 2013 "Client List" actress Alicia Lagano (34) weds manager Hector Rendon at the Malibu Lake Mountain Club in Agoura Hills, California

LoveWedding of Interest

2014 Playwright Tom Stoppard (76) weds brewery heiress Sabrina Guinness on an intimate register office ceremony in East Dorset, England

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

2013 Russian President Vladimir Putin announces his divorce from his wife on national TV

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin

Deaths in History

  • 555 Vigilius, Italian Pope (537-55), dies

Person of interestRobert the Bruce

1329 Robert the Bruce, King of Scots (1306-1329) and national hero, dies at 54

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
  • 1337 Willem III the Good, earl of Holland/Zealand, dies at about 49
  • 1358 Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese shogun (b. 1305)
  • 1394 Anne of Bohemia, Queen of England and wife of Richard II, dies at 28
  • 1492 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), dies at 64
  • 1549 Eelke Fouckens, Frisian anabaptist, beheaded
  • 1555 Maarten van Rossum, Dutch army leader, dies at about 76
  • 1618 Thomas West, 3rd & 12th Baron De La Warr, English Jamestown colonist and Governor of Virginia, dies at 40
  • 1626 Anne of Saint Bartholomew, Flemish Roman Catholic nun, dies at 76
  • 1667 Thomas de Keyser, Amsterdam master builder/painter, buried
  • 1672 Willem J van Gendt, admiral/governor of Breda, dies at about 37
  • 1710 Louise de La Vallière, French mistress of Louis XIV (1661-67), dies at 65
  • 1711 Henry Dodwell, Irish theologian (b. 1641)
  • 1754 Nikolaj Eigtved, Danish, architect (Amalienborg Square), dies at 52
  • 1779 William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
  • 1799 Increase Sumner, American politician (5th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 52
  • 1800 Willem Arnold Alting, Dutch governor-general of Dutch East Indies (1780-97), dies at 75
  • 1810 Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (b. 1765)
  • 1814 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, dies at 71
  • 1821 Tudor Vladimirescu, Romanian rebellion-leader (b. cca. 1780)
  • 1826 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1840 Frederik Willem III, King of Prussia (1797-1840), dies at 69
  • 1847 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35
  • 1854 Charles Baudin, French admiral (b. 1792)
  • 1859 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on Landscape Paint), dies at 73
  • 1862 William B. Mumford, 1st US citizen hanged for treason, at 42
  • 1866 Chief Seattle, Native American leader
  • 1871 Thomas Jackson Rodman, American military inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, dies on duty at 54
  • 1877 Winand Staring, Dutch geologist (Bottom of Netherlands), dies at 68
  • 1890 Reuben Lindsay Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 63
  • 1896 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, dies from tuberculosis at 47
  • 1899 Augustin Daly, American playwright and theatrical manager, dies at 60
  • 1899 William Stephen Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 77
  • 1906 Johan P. Van de Kellen, stamp cutter/lithographer, dies at 74
  • 1911 Maurice Rouvier, French statesman and Prime Minister of France (1905-06), dies at 69
  • 1916 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
  • 1925 Camille Flammarion, French astronomer, Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy, dies at 83
  • 1927 Voikov, Soviet ambassador to Warsaw, murdered
  • 1927 Edmund James Flynn, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Quebec), dies at 79
  • 1928 Chiang Tsolin, Chinese warlord of North-China, murdered
  • 1935 Ivan V Mitsjoerin, Russian botanist, dies
  • 1935 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), dies at 79
  • 1936 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer, dies at 60
  • 1938 Norbert Fonteyne, Flemish writer (How Flemings Came Late), dies
  • 1942 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, dies at 38
  • 1945 Nishida Kitaro, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), dies at 74
  • 1951 Bobel, Braune, Naumann, Ohlendorf, Pohl, Schallenmair & Otto Schmidt, Nazi war criminals, hanged

Person of interestAlan Turing

1954 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), commits suicide at 41 (b. 1912)

Computer Scientist Alan Turing
Computer Scientist
Alan Turing
  • 1956 Julien Benda, Fren philosopher/writer (La trahison des clercs), dies
  • 1957 Elizabeth S Kingsley, double-Crostic puzzle creator, dies
  • 1961 Robert Griffith, producer of Pajama Game, dies
  • 1965 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (Bauernpassion), dies
  • 1966 Jean Arp [Hans Arp], French-Swiss sculptor, artist and poet, dies at 78

Person of interestDorothy Parker

1967 Dorothy Parker, American writer (Enough Rope), dies at 73

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker
  • 1967 Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (decidability of various algebraic groups), dies at 57

Person of interestE. M. Forster

1970 E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Maurice, Passage to India), dies at 91

Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster
  • 1973 Christine Lavant, Austrian poet and writer (Das Kind), dies at 57
  • 1974 Émilie Charmy, French avant-garde artist, dies at 96
  • 1978 Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate 1967, dies at 80
  • 1979 Forrest [Asa Earl] Carter, American author and segregationist speech writer, dies at 53

Person of interestHenry Miller

1980 Henry Miller, American writer (Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn), dies of circulatory complications at 88

Author Henry Miller
Henry Miller
  • 1980 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (b. 1883)
  • 1983 Charles von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha, Belgium prince, buried
  • 1987 John Blofeld, writer/translator/Zen practitioner, dies at 73
  • 1989 Milton van Embricqs, Suriname/Dutch publicist, dies
  • 1991 Antoine Blondin, French writer (L'Europe buissonnière), dies at 69
  • 1994 Joseph Ruzindana, Rwandian bishop of Bjumba, murdered
  • 1994 Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist, dies at 42
  • 1994 Vincent Nsengijumva, Rwandan archbishop of Kigali, murdered
  • 1994 Dennis Potter, British TV dramatist (The Singing Detective, Karaoke, Midnight Movie), dies of cancer at 59
  • 1995 Hsuan Hua, influential Buddhist master in the United States (b. 1918)
  • 1995 Wijnie Jabaaij, Dutch politician (PvdA), dies at 56
  • 1996 José María Valverde, Spanish philosopher, poet and translator (La espera, Historia de la literatura universal), dies at 70
  • 1996 Noel Walton Bott, engineer, dies at 88
  • 1996 [Francis] Max Factor Jr, makeup inventor, dies at 91
  • 1996 Percy Edwards, English entertainer (known for his animal impressions), dies at 88
  • 1996 Max Factor Jr, American makeup inventor (Max Factor Cosmetics), dies at 91
  • 1998 Thomas Narcejac, French writer (Vertigo), dies at 89
  • 1999 Paco Stanley, Mexican TV entertainer, dies at 56
  • 2001 Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
  • 2002 Lilian Baels, Princess of Réthy, English 2nd wife of Belgian king Leopold III, dies at 85
  • 2004 William Cramond, Scottish psychiatrist and vice-chancellor (Stirling University), dies at 83
  • 2006 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian-born Mujahid (b. 1966)
  • 2008 Mustafa Khalil, 40th Prime Minister of Egypt (1978-80), dies at 87
  • 2010 Omar Rayo, Colombian painter, sculptor, caricaturist and plastic artist. (b. 1928)
  • 2011 Jorge Semprún, Spanish-French writer (2nd mort de R Mercader, Z), dies at 87
  • 2012 Phillip Tobias, South African palaeoanthropologist and three time Nobel Prize nominee (hominid fossil sites), dies at 86
  • 2013 Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (1981-84), dies from lung cancer at 84
  • 2014 Norman Willis, English union leader (General Secretary of the UK's Trades Union Congress), dies at 81
  • 2015 Michael Oliver, British cardiologist (linked cholesterol with coronary artery disease), dies at 89
  • 2018 Peter Stringfellow, English nightclub owner (Stringfellows), dies at 77
  • 2018 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, dies at 102