On This Day

On This Day in History for June 8

Events in History

  • 65 Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem
  • 68 Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

218 Elagabalus becomes the emperor of Rome

Roman Emperor Elagabalus
Roman Emperor
  • 452 Italy invaded by Attila the Hun
  • 536 St Silverius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 793 Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert's monastery on Lindisfarne Island, off the northeast coast of England capturing and killing monks
  • 979 Louis V de Luie, crowned King of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191 King Richard I of England arrives at Acre in modern day Israel to join the Siege of Acre during the Third Crusade


1405 Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on the King of England, Henry IV's orders

King of England and Lord of Ireland Henry IV of England
King of England and Lord of Ireland
Henry IV of England
  • 1551 Pope Julius III excommunicates Duke Ottario Farnese of Parma
  • 1624 Earthquake strikes Peru

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1632 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, conquers Sittard

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1663 Battle at Amegical: English & Portuguese fleet beats Spanish
  • 1690 Siddi general Yadi Sakat, razes the Mazagon Fort in Mumbai
  • 1694 English troops attack Brest (300 killed)
  • 1761 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 Admiral Horatio Nelson and Captain Thomas Hardy on HMS Foudroyant set sail against Spanish fleet

  • 1783 Laki volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption, killing 10,000 and causing widespread famines throughout Asia and Europe
  • 1786 Commercially made ice cream 1st advertised (Mr Hall in NYC)

USABill of Rights

1789 James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the US House of Representatives

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The bill of rights as it was created on September 25, 1789
The bill of rights as it was created on September 25, 1789
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  • 1809 William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer

AssassinationAssassination of Spencer Perceval

1812 Robert Jenkinson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Spencer Perceval's assassination

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British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham, drawing by John Heaviside Clark
British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham, drawing by John Heaviside Clark
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  • 1815 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • 1817 An uprising involving three hundred workers in the English town of Pentrich begins but is quashed almost immediately
  • 1824 Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec
  • 1834 HMS Beagle sails from Port Famine to Cape Turn
  • 1846 Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • 1856 Pitcairn Islanders arrive on Norfolk Island
  • 1861 US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
  • 1861 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union
  • 1862 Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
  • 1865 Tristanderl und Zusholde, premieres
  • 1869 Ives W. McGaffey of Chicago patents the 1st vacuum cleaner, calls it a "sweeping machine"
  • 1872 US Congress endorses penny post card

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky delivers an emotional speech at the unveiling of a monument to Pushkin in Moscow

  • 1886 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland defeated by 343 votes to 313 in the British House of Common

  • 1887 Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator
  • 1889 Cable Cars begin service in LA
  • 1892 Homer A Plessy refuses to go to segregated RR car (Plessy v Ferguson)
  • 1896 First car thief; Baron de Zuylen’s Peugeot is stolen by his mechanic in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1911 Belgium government of Schollaert falls
  • 1912 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • 1914 34.7°F (1.5°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1915 92°F (33.3°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting
  • 1918 Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
  • 1928 1st US-to-Australia flight lands (Sir Charles Kingford)
  • 1929 Venezuelan rebel Rafael Urbina overthrows Fort Amsterdam, Curacao kidnap governor Fruytier
  • 1931 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo
  • 1937 World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • 1938 Gert Terblanche, a local school boy, discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa
  • 1940 Discovery of element 93, neptunium, announced
  • 1940 Last British troops leave Narvik, Norway
  • 1941 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria
  • 1944 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy

  • 1944 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • 1944 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • 1944 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1948 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines
  • 1949 Siam changes name to Thailand

Historic PublicationNineteen Eighty-Four Published

1949 Secker & Warburg publishes George Orwell's seminal novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four", set in the totalitarian state of Oceania

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The cover of the first edition of George Orwell's classic novel
The cover of the first edition of George Orwell's classic novel
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  • 1950 Jean Duvieusart becomes Belgian premier
  • 1950 Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
  • 1953 Cluster of 6 tornadoes touches down in Flint, Michigan killing 113
  • 1953 Segregated lunch counters in DC forbidden by Supreme Court
  • 1956 Lim Yem Hock forms Singapore government
  • 1956 Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr. killed by another USAF airman in Vietnam, becoming the first American killed in the Vietnam War
  • 1959 1st official "missile mail" lands (Jacksonville, Florida)
  • 1959 X-15 makes 1st unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 11,500 m
  • 1960 1st date in James Clavell's novel "Nobel House"

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1960 Argentine government demands release of Adolf Eichmann

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • 1962 Jim Beatty runs world record 2 mile (8:29.8)
  • 1963 American Heart Association is 1st agency to campaign against cigarettes
  • 1965 US troops ordered to fight offensively in Vietnam

  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 6; it missed the Moon by 99,000 miles
  • 1966 Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
  • 1967 Israel attacks USS Liberty in Mediterranean, killing 34 US crewmen
  • 1968 Bermuda adopts its constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 James Earl Ray, alleged assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., captured

Assassin of Martin Luther King Jr. James Earl Ray
Assassin of Martin Luther King Jr.
James Earl Ray
  • 1968 New colonial constitution for Bermuda adopted


1968 The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 General Franco closes Spain's frontier with Gibraltar

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1969 Nixon says 25,000 US troops would leave Vietnam by end of August
  • 1970 MLB players union and management end labor dispute, raising minimum salary to $12,000
  • 1971 North Vietnam demands US end aid to South Vietnam
  • 1971 General Officer Commanding the British Army Harry Tuzo, then claims that a permanent military solution to the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland could not be achieved
  • 1973 Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco appointed premier of Spain
  • 1974 US and Saudi Arabia sign military-economic contract
  • 1975 2 passenger trains collided near Munich, Germany killing 35
  • 1975 USSR launches Venera 9 for Venus landing
  • 1978 51st National Spelling Bee: Peg McCarthy wins spelling deification

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Nevada jury rules Howard Hughes "Mormon Will" is a forgery

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1979 "The Source," 1st computer public information service, goes on-line
  • 1979 Mariners draft Al Chambers #1
  • 1980 34th Tony Awards: Children of a Lesser God & Evita win
  • 1982 Brazilian B-727 flight crashes into mountain; 135 die
  • 1982 Falklands War: Royal Fleet Auxiliary Sir Gahalad attacked in San Carlos Water ("Bomb Alley") by Argentine aircraft: 48 soldiers and crewman were killed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 US President Ronald Reagan addresses the British Parliament in his "ash heap of history" speech

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan

Birthdays in History

  • 1625 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, born in Perinaldo, Republic of Genova (d. 1712)

Person of interestWilliam Dampier

1652 William Dampier, English explorer and pirate who was the 1st Englishman to explore parts of Australia and the 1st person to circumnavigate the world 3 times, born in East Coker, Sommerset, England (d. 1715)

Explorer and Pirate William Dampier
Explorer and Pirate
William Dampier
  • 1717 John Collins, American politician, 3rd Governor of Rhode Island (1786-90), born in Newport, Colony of Rhode Island, British America (d. 1795)
  • 1724 John Smeaton, British civil engineer, born in Austhorpe, Leeds, England (d. 1792)
  • 1743 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • 1745 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, born in Vestby, Norway (d. 1818)
  • 1756 Cornelis van Foreest, Dutch politician, Mayor of Alkmaar, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1823)
  • 1757 Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1824)
  • 1759 Thomas Dunham Whitaker, British topographer, born in Rainham, Norfolk (d. 1821)
  • 1772 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1850)
  • 1804 Jan Baptist van Son, Dutch politician (RC), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1875)
  • 1806 Gideon Johnson Pillow, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Williamson County, Tennessee (d. 1878)
  • 1813 David Dixon Porter, United States Navy admiral, born in Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • 1814 Charles Reade, English novelist (Cloister & Hearth), born in Ipsden, Oxfordshire (d. 1884)
  • 1821 John Dunlap Stevenson, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Staunton, Virginia (d. 1897)
  • 1821 Samuel White Baker, English explorer (Ceylon & Egypt), born in London, England (d. 1893)
  • 1823 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1824 James Loudon, Dutch politician, Governor-General of Dutch East Indies (1872-75), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1900)
  • 1824 William Montgomery Gardner, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1901)
  • 1829 John Everett Millais, English painter (Order of Release), born in Southampton, Hampshire, England (d. 1896)
  • 1831 Thomas J. Higgins, Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of America's highest military decoration (Medal of Honor), born in Huntington, Quebec, Canada (d. 1917)
  • 1837 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1842 John Q. A. Brackett, American politician, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (1890-91), born in Bradford, New Hampshire (d. 1918)
  • 1847 Ida McKinley, US First Lady (1897-1901) and wife of the 25th US President William McKinley, born in Canton, Ohio (d. 1907)
  • 1849 Julien Dillens, Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • 1851 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer, born in La Porcherie, France (d. 1940)
  • 1854 Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician, born in Hawkesbury, Ontario (d. 1921)
  • 1859 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)
  • 1860 Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician, born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1940)

Person of interestFrank Lloyd Wright

1867 Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (Guggenheim) recognized as "the greatest American architect of all time", born in Richland Center, Wisconsin (d. 1959)

  • 1885 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, born in Preetz, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1889 Josef Hromádka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957), born in Hodslavice, Moravia (d. 1969)
  • 1896 Samuel Gonard, Swiss lawyer and chairman (International Red Cross), born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1975)
  • 1897 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author, born in London (d. 1974)

Person of interestNoel Wien

1899 Noel Wien, American aviation pioneer (Wien Air Alaska), born in Lake Nebagamon, Wisconsin (d. 1977)

Aviation Pioneer Noel Wien
Aviation Pioneer
Noel Wien
  • 1900 H. J. Friedericy, Dutch author (Last General), born in Stadskanaal, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1901 Lena Baker, American murderer, convicted of capital murder of her employer, Ernest Knight, born in Cuthbert, Georgia (d. 1945)
  • 1902 Albe [Renaut A. Joostens], Flemish writer (Andalusian Diary), born in Mechelen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1973)
  • 1903 Gerrit Cornelis Berkouwer, Dutch theologist (Dogmatic Studies), born in Amsterdam (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Ralph Webster Yarborough, American politician, U.S. Senator from Texas (1957-71), born in Chandler, Texas (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Marguerite Yourcenar, French-American novelist (Memoirs of Hadrian, The Abyss), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Brian Coffey, Irish poet (Avent), born in Dublin (d. 1995)
  • 1909 William Odling, major-general
  • 1910 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [NS=June 21]
  • 1910 John W. Campbell, American sci-fi writer (Moon is Hell), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1971)
  • 1910 Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer, born in Paris (d. 2003)
  • 1912 Ian Morrow, British company director, best known for saving Rolls Royce (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1913 Graham Watson, British-born literary agent (Curtis Brown)
  • 1913 Peter Diamand, artistic administrator, born in Berlin (d. 1998)
  • 1914 Kurt Barthel [KuBa], German writer and political activist, born in Garnsdorf (d. 1967)
  • 1915 Gustaaf Vincent Willem van Hemert tot Dingshof, Dutch Mayor of Maarn, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Julian Ridsdale, British politician (C), Member of Parliament for Harwich (1954-92) (d. 2004)

Person of interestFrancis Crick

1916 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure and 1962 Nobel laureate, born in Northampton, England (d. 2004)

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • 1917 Byron White, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1962-93), born in Fort Collins, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • 1918 John D. Roberts, American chemist, received American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal (2013), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Bert Leysen, Belgian TV director (Belgian National TV), born in Balen, Belgium (d. 1959)
  • 1920 Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (The Lion's Bride), born in Taringa, Brisbane, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Alwyn Williams, Welsh geologist and Vice-Chancellor (University of Glasgow), born in Aberdare, Wales (d. 2004)

Person of interestSuharto

1921 Suharto, 2nd President of Indonesia (1967- 98), born in Yogyakarta, Java (d. 2008)

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
  • 1921 LeRoy Neiman, American painter, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Alice Coleman, geographer (UK Land Use Survey)
  • 1923 Jean Maxwell-Scott, Lady-in-Waiting (Princess Alice Duchess Gloucester), born in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest, author and civil rights activist, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Iain Glidewell, Lord Justice of Appeal and Judge of Appeal of the High Court of the Isle of Man (d. 2016)
  • 1924 Lyn Nofziger, American journalist and political advisor to Ronald Reagan, born in Bakersfield, California (d. 2006)

Person of interestBarbara Bush

1925 Barbara Bush, First Lady of the US (1989-93) and wife of George H. W. Bush, born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
  • 1926 Cranley Onslow, British politician (C), born in Bexhill (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Nico Kiasashvii, professor of English Literature
  • 1927 Dame Anne Warburton, 1st British female ambassador (1976) and President of Lucy Cavendish College (Cambridge) (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Michael Levey, English art historian and director (British National Gallery), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Kate Wilhelm, American fiction author (Hugo Award: Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Earl Ferrers, 13th Earl Ferrers, British minister of state (Department of Environment) (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Bo Gunnar Widerberg, Swedish director (Elvira Madigan), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Michael Codron, British theatrical producer, born in London
  • 1930 Robert Aumann, German-Israeli mathematician (The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1930 Marcel Léger, Canadian politician, born in Montreal (d. 1993)
  • 1931 Ivan V. Lalić, Serbian poet, born in Belgrade (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Leo Nichols, businessman, honorary consul and longtime friend of Burma's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1996)
  • 1933 Dr Robert Stevens, British lawyer and Master (Pembroke College, Oxford)
  • 1933 Eric Parker, English industrialist, deputy CEO (Trafalgar House), born in Shropshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1936 Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1982), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • 1937 Bruce McCandless II, American aviator, electrical engineer and astronaut who made the 1st untethered space walk (STS 41B, STS-31), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • 1937 Norma Shaw, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship gold 1981; Indoor C'ship gold 1997), born in Wakefield, England (d. 2009)
  • 1941 Joop van den Berg, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA), born in Bartlehiem, Netherlands
  • 1941 George Pell, Australian Catholic Cardinal and treasurer of the Vatican, convicted and then acquitted of child sex abuse, born in Ballarat, Australia
  • 1942 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Tambov, Russia
  • 1942 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • 1943 William Calley Jr., American war criminal, convicted by court-martial of murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre, born in Miami, Florida
  • 1944 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • 1945 Donna Deitch, American film and TV director (Sexual Advances, Women of Brewster Place), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1946 Elizabeth A. Lynn, American sci-fi author (Watchtower, Red Hawk), born in NYC, New York
  • 1947 Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist (Nobel 1995), born in South Bend, Indiana
  • 1952 Lindka Cierach, fashion designer
  • 1952 Martin Taylor, CEO (Barclays Bank)
  • 1954 Sergei Storchak, Russian deputy finance minister

Person of interestTim Berners-Lee

1955 Tim Berners-Lee, English inventor (World Wide Web), born in London, England

Computer Scientist Tim Berners-Lee
Computer Scientist
Tim Berners-Lee
  • 1957 Scott Raymond Adams, Catskill NY, cartoonist (Dilbert)
  • 1970 Gabrielle Giffords, American politician
  • 1972 P[eter] J[ason] Farley, Hackensack, bass (Trixter-Give It To Me Good)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1927 Painter Marcel Duchamp (39) weds Lydie Sarazin-Lavassor

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp

LoveWedding of Interest

1958 Author and a science pioneer in the semiconductor industry Andrew Grove (21) weds Eva Kastan

Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel Andrew Grove
Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel
Andrew Grove
  • 1961 English prince Edward, Duke of Kent, weds Katharine Worsley

LoveWedding of Interest

1985 US Vice President Mike Pence (25) weds Karen Batten (26) at Indianapolis, Indiana

48th Vice President of the United States Mike Pence
48th Vice President of the United States
Mike Pence
  • 2013 Celebrity chef Curtis Stone (37) weds actress Lindsay Price (36) at a private villa in Mallorca, Spain
  • 2013 Princess Madeleine of Sweden (30) weds banker Christopher O'Neill at The Royal Palace Church in Stockholm, Sweden

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1999 Media tycoon Rupert Murdoch (68) divorces journalist Anna Torv (55) after 31 years of marriage

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch

Deaths in History

  • 218 Opellius Macrinus, emperor of Rome (217-8), dies in battle at 54
  • 632 Mohammad, Arabic prophet and founder of Islam (Quran), dies of suspected fever at around 62 (approximate date)
  • 1042 Harthacnut/Harthacanute, King of Denmark and England (b. 1018) Lambeth

Person of interestEdward the Black Prince

1376 Edward the Black Prince, English knight and heir to King Edward III, dies of dysentery at 46

Prince of Wales Edward the Black Prince
Prince of Wales
Edward the Black Prince
  • 1383 Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, English Crusader (b. 1338)
  • 1476 George Neville, English archbishop and statesman
  • 1505 Hongzhi, Emperor of China, 10th Emperor of Ming Dynasty (1487-1505), dies at 34
  • 1611 Jean Bertaut, French poet (b. 1552)
  • 1621 Anne de Xainctonge, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, dies at 53
  • 1628 Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)
  • 1661 John Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 39
  • 1688 Hans Bontemantel, Amsterdams merchant, buried
  • 1711 Katharina Lescaille [Netherlands Sappho], poetess, dies at 61
  • 1714 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony, dies at 83
  • 1716 Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (1690-1716), dies at 58
  • 1727 August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (b. 1663)
  • 1768 Johann Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art), dies at 50
  • 1771 George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman, dies at 54
  • 1794 G A Borger, writer, dies
  • 1795 Louis XVII Charles, King of France (1793-95), dies at 10
  • 1803 Joannes Natalis Paquot, Belgian priest/historian, dies at 80
  • 1806 George Wythe, US attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at about 79

Person of interestThomas Paine

1809 Thomas Paine, English American writer (Age of Reason, Common Sense), dies at 72

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • 1835 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (b. 1761)

Person of interestAndrew Jackson

1845 Andrew Jackson, American soldier and statesman (D) seventh US President (1828-37), dies at 78

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1857 Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)

Person of interestWalter Hunt

1859 Walter Hunt, American inventor (safety pin, sewing machine), dies at 62

Inventor Walter Hunt
Walter Hunt
  • 1865 Joseph Paxton, English architect, gardener and MP (Crystal Palace), dies at 61
  • 1866 Wilhelm Schirmer, German landscape artist, dies at 64
  • 1871 Satank, Kiowa indian chief, shot to death
  • 1874 Cochise, Apache leader
  • 1876 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French author (Indiana, Consuelo), dies at 71
  • 1885 Ignace Bourget, French-Canadian Bishop of Montreal, dies at 85
  • 1889 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (Windhover), dies at 54
  • 1913 Emily Davison, English suffragette, dies after being hit by King George's horse at Epsom Derby 2 days earlier, at 40
  • 1924 Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1902)

Person of interestGeorge Mallory

1924 George Mallory, English mountain climber ("because it is there"), dies in a climbing accident at 37

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • 1929 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet, dies at 68
  • 1945 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41
  • 1946 John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician (41st Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 86
  • 1951 Eugène Fiset, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1874)
  • 1956 Marie Laurencin, French painter, dies at 72
  • 1965 Edmondo Rossoni, Italian fascist (b. 1884)
  • 1965 Julius Bissier, German painter, dies at 71
  • 1966 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)

Person of interestJoseph A. Walker

1966 Joseph A. Walker, WWII and NASA test pilot (1st space plane flights to edge of outerspace), dies in an Aircraft collision at 45

Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot Joseph A. Walker
Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot
Joseph A. Walker
  • 1970 Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
  • 1973 Gerald F. Bogan, U.S. Navy aviator and vice admiral who served in World War I & II, dies at 78
  • 1973 Christine Bakker-van Bosse, Dutch feminist and pacifist, dies at 88
  • 1975 William F Jenkins, author (Time Tunnel, Land of Giants), dies at 78
  • 1979 Herb Polesie, producer/playwright (20 Questions), dies at 79
  • 1988 Virgil Oliver Jr, entertainer, dies
  • 1990 Alfredo Poveda, president of Consul of Ecuador (1976-79), dies
  • 1990 Jose Figueres, president of Costa Rica (1948-49, 53-58, 70-74), dies
  • 1992 Beverly Carter, entertainer, dies at 51
  • 1992 Farag Foeda, Egyptian writer/publicist, murdered
  • 1992 William McGowan, entrepreneur (MCI), dies at 64
  • 1993 René Bousquet, French Vichy-police chief (deported Jews), dies at 84
  • 1993 Root Boy Slim [Foster MacKenzie III], American entertainer, dies at 48
  • 1995 Juan Carlos Ongania, President of Argentina (1966-70), dies
  • 1995 Lord Erskine of Rerrick, peer, dies at 69
  • 1995 Jürgen Rausch, German philosopher and author (End of the Playboys), dies at 85
  • 1996 Phyllis Stedman, politician, dies at 79
  • 1997 George Turner, Australian author (b. 1916)

Person of interestSani Abacha

1998 Sani Abacha, de facto President of Nigeria (1993-98), dies at 54

President of Nigeria Sani Abacha
President of Nigeria
Sani Abacha
  • 1998 Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (b. 1903)
  • 2000 Jeff MacNelly, American Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist (Shoe), dies at 52
  • 2006 Abouna Matta El Meskeen, Coptic Orthodox monk (b. 1919)
  • 2007 Kenny Olsson, Swedish speedway racer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 Richard Rorty, American postanalytic, pragmatic philosopher (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Peter Rohmkorf, German writer, dies at 78
  • 2009 Omar Bongo, 2nd President of Gabon (1967-2009), dies of a heart attack at 73
  • 2013 Paul Cellucci, American politician, 69th Governor of Massachusetts and former United States Ambassador to Canada, dies from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at 65
  • 2013 John Boyd [Boyd Bradfield Upchurch], American sci-fi author (The Last Starship from Earth), dies at 93
  • 2015 Marie-Louise Grog-Carven, French fashion designer (Ma Griffe perfume), dies at 105
  • 2016 Michael Manser, English architect, dies at 87
  • 2020 Pierre Nkurunziza, President of Burundi (2005-20), dies at 55