On This Day

On This Day in History for March 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 212

  • 752 BC Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women
  • 86 BC Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus
  • 293 Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

317 Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 492 St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 492 St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 705 John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 743 Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
  • 918 Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260 Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquers Damascus
  • 1382 Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
  • 1420 Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
  • 1457 The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1516 Printing is completed of Erasmus' "Novum Instrumentum omne", first published New Testament in Greek

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
  • 1562 Blood bath at Vassy: Francois de Guise's troops open fire on Huguenot congregation, first event in Wars of Religion
  • 1565 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • 1587 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1591 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henry IV

  • 1593 The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1634 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642 Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city

USASalem Witch Trials

1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets
Learn More >>

Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
  • 1711 "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
  • 1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only)

USAArticles of Confederation

1781 Continental Congress officially adopts the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America after ratification by the 13th state, Maryland
Learn More >>

The Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America
The Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America
  • 1784 E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 1785 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 1790 1st US census authorized
  • 1792 US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 1796 1st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • 1809 Embargo Act of 1807 (USA) repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1811 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1815 Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1840 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • 1847 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)

  • 1852 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbour with apprpx 480 passengers and crew; she was never seen again
  • 1854 German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1859 Present seal of San Francisco adopted (its 2nd)
  • 1864 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on the Rio Paraná

Dictator of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
Dictator of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1867 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • 1867 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • 1869 US Postage stamps showing scenes issued for 1st time. These pictorials showed a post horse and rider, a locomotive, a shield, an eagle and a ship, the Adriatic

Battle of InterestBattle of Cerro Corá

1870 War of the Triple Alliance finally ends with the Battle of Cerro Corá and the death of Paraguayan Dictator Francisco Solano López after over 5 years of bloodshed between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay
Learn More >>

Death of Francisco Solano López by the River Aquidabán, during the Battle of Cerro Corá
Death of Francisco Solano López by the River Aquidabán, during the Battle of Cerro Corá
  • 1871 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • 1872 Yellowstone becomes the world's first national park
  • 1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter
  • 1875 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 1876 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 1878 First winter ascent of Aneto, highest mountain in the Pyrenees
  • 1879 Library of Hawaii founded
  • 1886 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1890 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

  • 1893 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • 1896 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia, killing two generals and capturing General Matteo Albertone

InventionScientific Discovery

1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • 1909 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
  • 1910 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass, Wa, in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
  • 1912 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs first (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • 1912 Isabella Goodwin appointed first US woman detective, NYC
  • 1913 1First state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the Royal Navy's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1914 Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • 1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1916 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1917 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • 1917 US government releases the plain text of the "Zimmermann Telegram" to the public
  • 1919 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • 1920 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • 1920 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • 1920 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • 1921 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1923 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • 1924 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) becomes an American National Bank

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1932 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 The "Lindbergh kidnapping", 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh kidnapped from home in East Amwell, New Jersey, found dead 12 May

Aviator and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviator and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh
  • 1933 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
  • 1934 Henry Pu Yi crowned Emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • 1936 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • 1936 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1937 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • 1937 Governor Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • 1937 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94
  • 1940 Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
  • 1941 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1941 German troops invade Bulgaria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1942 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • 1942 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 106

  • 40 Martial, Latin poet (d. 102)
  • 772 Po Tjiu-i, Chinese poet/governor of Hang-tsjow
  • 1432 Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (d. 1455)
  • 1445 Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), probable date of birth
  • 1456 Wladyslaw Jagiello, king of Bohemia/Hungary (1471/90-1516)
  • 1494 Il Bacchiacca, [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter
  • 1528 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, [the Generous], duke of Bavaria
  • 1547 Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)
  • 1597 Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)
  • 1610 Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian
  • 1610 John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)
  • 1630 Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere, Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1657 Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (d. 1740)
  • 1683 Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain, born in Ansbach, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1737)
  • 1683 Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama (1697-1706), born at Urgelling Monastry (d. 1706)
  • 1732 William Cushing, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States. (d. 1810)
  • 1734 Pieter Valck[x], South Netherland sculptor
  • 1760 François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
  • 1780 Leonard PJ du Bus de Gisignies, gov-general of Neth Indies (1826-30)
  • 1788 Gheorghe Asachi, Romania, writer/humanist/politician
  • 1806 Norbert Rillieux, American chemical engineer and inventor (sugar refiner), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1894)
  • 1807 Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
  • 1811 Robert Christie Buchanan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1878)
  • 1812 Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Giovanni Duprè, Italian sculptor (d. 1882)
  • 1820 George Davis, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1896)
  • 1821 Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Catholic bishop (d. 1896)
  • 1822 Albin Francisco Schoepf, Polish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Podgórze, Kraków, Poland (d. 1886)
  • 1822 Charles Champion Gilbert, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1903)
  • 1828 James Fleming Fagan, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • 1828 Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright
  • 1831 Hiram Bronson Granbury, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1835 Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • 1837 Ion Creanga, Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • 1837 William Dean Howells, American novelist/critic/editor (Atlantic)
  • 1838 Gabriele dell' Addolorata, [Francesco Possenti], Italian priest
  • 1841 Blanche Kelso Bruce, Virginia, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)
  • 1842 Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • 1848 Augustus Saint-Gaudens, American sculptor/designer (1907 $20 gold piece)
  • 1852 Theophile Delcasse, French statesman
  • 1856 Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw)
  • 1858 Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist
  • 1863 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Gerard Vissering, Dutch banker/president (Bank of Java)
  • 1865 Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • 1868 Alaska P. Davidson, America's first female FBI agent, born in Warren, Ohio (d. 1934)
  • 1874 Jean de Merode, [Marie-Louise B Courtenay], Princess of Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Henry graaf de Baillet-Latour, Belgian President of IOC (1925-42)
  • 1876 Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president (d. 1942)
  • 1880 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • 1886 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • 1889 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • 1890 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Zonnestral)
  • 1892 Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japan, writer (Rashomon in Kappa)
  • 1893 Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)
  • 1895 G B "Duke" Keats, hockey hall of fame (elected 1958)
  • 1896 Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)
  • 1899 Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (d. 1972)
  • 1900 Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
  • 1900 Yorgos Seferis, [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
  • 1905 Pol le Roy, Flemish author/novelist/writer (Stroom)
  • 1909 Robert Selby Taylor, bishop
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1912 Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, archbishop of Toronto (d. 2003)
  • 1913 Helmut Erich Robert Gernsheim, photogrpaher/collector
  • 1914 Archibald J Gumede, South African ANC member/chairman (UDF)
  • 1914 Ralph Waldo Ellison, American writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Cast), born in Oklahoma City (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Robert Lowell, American poet/pacifist (Lord Weary's Castle, Near the Ocean), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1918 Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Howard Nemerov, American 3rd US poet laureate/novelist (Blue Swallows)
  • 1921 Richard Wilbur, 2nd US Poet Laureate (Ceremony, Walking to Sleep)
  • 1921 Terrence "Cardinal" Cooke, (NY)
  • 1922 William M Gaines, publisher (MAD Magazine)

Person of interestYitzhak Rabin

1922 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1974-77 and 1992-95) and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Jerusalem (d. 1995)

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1923 Kuczka Péter, Hungarian writer and editor (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Donald "Deke" Kent Slayton, Sparta Wisc, Major USAF/astro (Apollo 18)
  • 1927 Robert Heron Bork, judge, nominated for supreme court, (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Seymour Papert, South African mathematician, born in Pretoria (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978)
  • 1933 Myrlie Evers, American politician and commissioner (LA Board of Public works)
  • 1934 Riet [M. J. J.] Roosen-van Pelt, Dutch politician, 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Tilburg, the Netherlands
  • 1935 Judith Rossner, author (Looking for Mr Goodbar)
  • 1936 Camille E Baly, St Maartens poet (Sonny)
  • 1936 Jean-Edern Hallier, writer
  • 1936 Marion Farouk-Sluglett, political scientist
  • 1936 Monique Bégin, French-Canadian politician
  • 1938 Michael J[oseph] Kurland, American sci-fi author (Infernal Device)
  • 1940 Robert Grossman, American illustrator, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1941 American astronaut and founder of the optical ray tracing company "Stellar Software", born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania
  • 1942 Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1943 Franz Hohler, Swiss writer, born in Biel
  • 1943 Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist
  • 1943 Richard H. Price, American physicist
  • 1943 Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist
  • 1944 John B Breaux, (Rep-D-LA, 1972-88)
  • 1944 John Napier, English set designer (Royal Shakesphere Company), born in London, England
  • 1946 Lana Wood, [Svetlana Gurdin], (Diamonds are Forever), born in Santa Rosa, California
  • 1949 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu
  • 1951 Barbara DeAngelis, talk show hostess (Barbara DeAngelis Show)
  • 1952 Steven Barnes, American writer

Weddings in History

  • 1434 Jacqueline, Countess of Haintaut formally marries Frank van Borssele 2 years after first secretly marrying him

LoveWedding of Interest

1827 Father of U.S. History George Bancroft (26) weds first wife Sarah Dwight

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft

LoveWedding of Interest

1947 Rocket engineer Wernher von Braun (34) weds Maria Luise von Quistorp in Landshut, Germany

Rocket Scientist Wernher von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Wernher von Braun

Deaths in History

  • 589 Saint David, Patron Saint of Wales (b. 500)
  • 965 Leo VIII, Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65), dies
  • 986 King Lothair of France (b. 941)
  • 1131 Stephen II, King of Hungary (1116-31), dies
  • 1233 Count Thomas I of Savoy (b. 1178)
  • 1244 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)
  • 1383 Amadeus VI, (Green Earl), earl of Savoy, dies at 49
  • 1510 Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier, explorer and 1st Viceroy of India dies at Table Bay, Africa at about 59
  • 1535 Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia), dies at 70
  • 1546 George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
  • 1633 George Herbert, English poet, dies at 39
  • 1661 Richard Zouch, English jurist (b. 1590)
  • 1697 Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
  • 1706 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, dies at 73
  • 1734 Roger North, English biographer (b. 1653)
  • 1757 Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
  • 1768 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)
  • 1773 Jan Wagenaar, Dutch historian, dies at 63
  • 1773 Luigi Vanvitelli, [Louis van Wittel], Italian architect, dies at 72

Person of interestLeopold II

1792 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), dies at 44

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1822 Jack Jouett, American politician and patriot (warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack), dies at 67
  • 1826 Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect, dies at 59
  • 1827 Christopher Gore, American lawyer and politician (8th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 68
  • 1841 Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, French marshal, dies at 76
  • 1862 Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)
  • 1865 Anna Paulowna Romanova, great monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • 1869 Alphonse MLP de Lamartine, Fr poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78

Person of interestFrancisco Solano López

1870 Francisco Solano López, President and Dictator of Paraguay (1862-70), shouts "¡Muero con mi patria!" (I die with my nation) and dies in a struggle with Brazilian soldiers attempting to disarm him at 43

Dictator of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
Dictator of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1875 Tristan Corbière, French poet, dies at 29
  • 1879 Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)
  • 1884 Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)
  • 1892 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist, dies at 60
  • 1896 Giuseppe Arimondi, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, dies in the Battle of Adwa at 49
  • 1896 Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, dies in the Battle of Adwa at 53
  • 1898 George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India and author, dies at 72
  • 1899 Gyorgy earl Apponyi, Hungarian MP, dies at 90
  • 1906 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833)
  • 1906 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), dies at 68
  • 1911 Jacobus H van 't Hoff, Dutch chemist/physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 58
  • 1912 Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish politician (Council President of Denmark), dies at 72
  • 1914 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845)
  • 1920 Joseph Trumpeldor, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • 1920 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama, dies at 77
  • 1921 Nicholas Petrovic Njegos, King of Montenegro (1910-18), dies at 79
  • 1924 Louise MA, princess of Belgium, dies at 66
  • 1926 Camilo Pessanha, Portuguese poet (China), dies at 58
  • 1929 Royal H. Weller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 47
  • 1932 Dino Campana, Italian poet (Canti Orfici), dies at 46
  • 1933 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, dies at 32
  • 1938 G D'Annunzio, writer, dies at 74
  • 1938 Gabrielle d'Annunzio, Italian poet/fascist (Il fuoco), dies at 74
  • 1940 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (Truth and Justice), dies at 62
  • 1942 George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), dies at 59
  • 1947 J Boogaard, nazi collaborator, executed
  • 1950 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1952 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (b. 1873)
  • 1958 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope), dies at 86
  • 1966 Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1968 Georg von der Vring, German painter and writer (Camp Lafayette), dies at 78
  • 1970 Ed Hoornik, Dutch writer and poet (Na jaren), dies at 59
  • 1972 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, dies at 77
  • 1974 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological and poet (Azuren Holte), dies at 53
  • 1979 Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iranian Kurd leader (KDP), dies at 75
  • 1980 Wilhelmina, high-fashion model and owner of model agency (b. 1940)
  • 1983 Arthur Koestler, Hungarian-British writer (Darkness at Noon), commits suicide at 77
  • 1989 Henk van Stipriaan, Dutch journalist and VARA radio host, dies at 64
  • 1990 Claude Spaak, Belgian dramatist, dies

Person of interestEdwin Land

1991 Edwin Land, American inventor of instant photography and co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation, dies at 81

Scientist and Inventor Edwin Land
Scientist and Inventor
Edwin Land
  • 1993 Luis Kutner, US co-founder (Amnesty International), dies at 84
  • 1994 Eliseo Diego, Cuban poet, dies at 74
  • 1994 Jacob "Jimmy" Herman Huizinga, journalist/writer, dies at 75
  • 1995 Edmund Boyd Fisher, publisher, dies at 56
  • 1995 Vladislav Listyev, Russian TV-journalist, murdered at 38
  • 1995 Earl Blackwell, American society impresario (Celebrity Register), dies at 85
  • 1996 Margaret McKay, politician, dies at 85
  • 2005 Peter Malkin Israeli secret agent (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)
  • 2011 John M. Lounge, American engineer and astronaut (STS 51-I, STS 26, STS 35), dies at 64
  • 2012 Andrew Breitbart, American conservative blogger and publisher, dies at 43
  • 2014 Alain Resnais, French director (Muriel, Hiroshima mon amour), dies at 91
  • 2016 Jim Kimsey, American co-founder of AOL, dies at 76
  • 2017 Paula Fox, American writer for children (The Slave Dancer) and adults, dies at 92
  • 2018 Bender [Alexander Buchanan], Canadian underground hip hop artist (Flight Distance, King of the Dot), dies at 37
  • 2018 Orin C Smith, American businessman and CEO of Starbucks (2000-05), dies of pancreatic cancer 75
  • 2019 Kevin Roche, Irish architect (Pritzker Prize winner, 1982), dies at 96
  • 2019 Zhores Alferov, Soviet/ Russian physicist (2000 Nobel Prize in Physics), dies at 88