On This Day

On This Day in History for March 12

Events in History

  • 538 Witiges, King of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome, retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of victorious Byzantine General Belisarius
  • 1054 Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
  • 1088 Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, succeeding Victor III
  • 1144 Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
  • 1350 Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
  • 1365 University of Vienna founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1455 First record of Johannes Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before

  • 1496 Jews are expelled from Syria
  • 1572 Poet Luís Vaz de Camões publishes the epic poem "Os Lusíadas" in Portugal
  • 1594 Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
  • 1597 England sends troops to Amiens
  • 1609 Bermuda becomes an English colony
  • 1619 Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
  • 1622 Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1642 Abel Tasman is the 1st European to sight New Zealand, viewing the north-west coast of the South Island

Explorer and Seafarer Abel Tasman
Explorer and Seafarer
Abel Tasman
  • 1664 1st naturalization act in American colonies
  • 1664 New Jersey becomes an English colony
  • 1689 Former English King James II lands in Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1737 Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1755 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
  • 1773 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
  • 1790 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree allowing for the sale of church land by French municipalities
  • 1794 Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
  • 1799 Austria declares war on France
  • 1848 2nd Republic established in France
  • 1849 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
  • 1850 1st US $20 gold piece issued
  • 1867 Last French troops leave Mexico
  • 1868 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • 1868 US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • 1868 Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, in Sydney, Australia, Duke is shot but survives
  • 1877 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
  • 1884 Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • 1888 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in north east US (400 die)
  • 1889 Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
  • 1889 Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
  • 1894 Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday

Historic InventionCoca-Cola Sold in Bottles

1894 Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time in a candy store in Vicksburg, Mississippi

Learn More
A glass bottle called a Hutchinson used by Joseph A. Biedenharn to bottle Coca-Cola
A glass bottle called a Hutchinson used by Joseph A. Biedenharn to bottle Coca-Cola
Learn More
  • 1900 President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
  • 1901 Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
  • 1904 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • 1905 The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
  • 1906 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
  • 1908 The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia
  • 1909 Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low
  • 1913 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • 1916 French airship mistakenly attacks and sinks British submarine D3 with loss of all hands
  • 1917 [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
  • 1917 In the wake of the February Revolution, Communist Party members Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Matvei Muranov arrive in Petrograd (St Petersburg) and seize control of the Pravda newspaper

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 A German submarine sinks an unarmed US merchant ship, the 'Algonquin' on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson gives executive order to arm US merchant ships

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1919 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1921 Cairo Conference begins, British meeting to determine Middle Eastern policies, Gertrude Bell and T. E. Lawrence attend

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1925 British government of Stanley Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1926 Denmark begins unilateral disarmament

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1926 Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1928 In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Mahatma Gandhi begins his famous 200 mile (300km) protest march against the widely hated British salt tax

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1930 Stanislawa Walasiewicz [Stella Walsh] sets world record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Acting President Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn, Estonia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1935 Britain establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
  • 1938 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1940 Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty in Moscow, surrendering to Russia and ceding 11% of their pre-WWII territory, ending the "Winter War"
  • 1941 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
  • 1942 British troops vacate the Andaman Islands in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1943 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • 1945 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • 1945 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • 1945 NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race and creed in employment
  • 1945 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
  • 1947 Belgian government of Huysmans resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 US President Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • 1950 Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda"
  • 1951 Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
  • 1951 Communist troops driven out of Seoul
  • 1951 Comic strip "Dennis the Menace," 1st appears in the British comic magazine The Beano'
  • 1956 Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
  • 1957 German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1957 Random House and Houghton-Mifflin co-publish "The Cat in the Hat" by Dr. Seuss

Children's Author Dr. Seuss
Children's Author
Dr. Seuss
  • 1958 British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
  • 1959 Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
  • 1959 US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
  • 1962 Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia
  • 1964 Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years
  • 1964 S. N. Behrman's play "But for Whom Charlie" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Pioneer Plaza dedicated
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1967 Indonesian congress strips President Sukarno of authority and names General Suharto as acting President

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1968 Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 120 cannabis joints found at George & Patti Harrison's home
  • 1970 US lowers voting age from 21 to 18

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1971 Hafez al-Assad consolidates power in Syria by installing himself as President

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad

Birthdays in History

  • 1270 Prince Charles, Count of Valois (1284-1325), son of King Philip III of France, founder of the House of Valois, born in France (d. 1325)
  • 1336 Edward, Duke of Guelders (1361-71) and Count of Zutphen (d. 1371)
  • 1479 Giuliano de' Medici, Italian ruler of Florence (1513-16), born in Florence (d. 1516)
  • 1613 André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
  • 1620 Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
  • 1626 John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
  • 1637 Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
  • 1647 Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
  • 1672 Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
  • 1685 George Berkeley, Irish philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
  • 1718 Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • 1755 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • 1758 Leopold earl of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general and politician [or March 22]
  • 1776 Hester Stanhope, English aristocrat, traveller and archaeologist, born in Chevening, England (d. 1839)
  • 1781 Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
  • 1788 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor
  • 1800 Louis-Prosper Gachard, Belgian historian
  • 1806 Jane Appleton Pierce, American 1st lady (1853-57) and wife of Franklin Pierce, born in Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1863)
  • 1808 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, "Schoolmaster", Dutch poet
  • 1816 David Stuart, American politician, Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1868)
  • 1818 John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1897)

Person of interestJohn Abbott

1821 John Abbott, 3rd Canadian Prime Minister (1891-92), born in Saint-Andre, Quebec (d. 1893)

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • 1821 Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
  • 1823 William Flank Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1824 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)
  • 1827 John Robert Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1827 William Richard Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1830 William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • 1831 Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • 1832 Charles Boycott, Irish estate manager/caused boycotts
  • 1835 Simon Newcomb, American scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1838 William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • 1859 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • 1862 Jane Delano, American nurse and educator (Red Cross Nursing Service during WWI), born in Montour Falls, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1863 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • 1863 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, born in Pescara, Italy (d. 1938)
  • 1863 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1864 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1877 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • 1878 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • 1880 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1881 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 1881 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1883 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • 1885 Raphaël Verwilghen, Belgian architect, and urban planner, born in Roeselare, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • 1889 Philip Guedalla, English barrister & historian
  • 1889 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • 1890 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • 1890 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • 1891 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • 1891 George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • 1895 William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • 1907 (Margaret Peggy McCrorie) Herbison, politician
  • 1907 Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
  • 1908 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • 1910 Roger L Stevens, producer (Giant)
  • 1910 Wilhelmus L Reijers, sculptor
  • 1910 Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1980)
  • 1911 Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico
  • 1912 James McKay, lord provost of Edinburgh
  • 1912 Kylie Tennant, novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven)
  • 1912 Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/abstract painter
  • 1917 Tom Normanton, British MP
  • 1918 Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • 1921 Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator
  • 1921 Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist and CEO of Fiat, born in Turin, Italy (d. 2003)

Person of interestJack Kerouac

1922 Jack Kerouac, American Beat writer (On the Road, Mexico Blues), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1969)

Writer Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac
  • 1922 Lane Kirkland, union president (AFL-CIO)
  • 1923 Walter M Schirra Jr, Capt USN/ast (Mer 8, Gem 6, Ap 7), born in Hackensack, New York
  • 1925 Harry [Maxwell] Harrison, UK, sci-fi author (Deathworld Trilogy), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Leo Esaki [Esaki Reona], Japan, physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973)
  • 1925 William G Whitehurst, (Rep-R-Va)
  • 1926 David Oliver Williams, trade unionist (COHSE)
  • 1926 George R Ariyoshi, (Gov-D-Hawaii)
  • 1926 John C[lellon] Holmes, American writer (Horn)
  • 1926 Ronald Alley, art gallery manager (Tate Gallery)
  • 1927 Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina (1983-89), born in Chascomús, Buenos Aires (d. 2009)

Person of interestEdward Albee

1928 Edward Albee, American playwright (Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf?), born in Virginia (d. 2016)

Playwright Edward Albee
Edward Albee
  • 1928 Roland Moyle, British deputy chairman (Police Complaints Authority)
  • 1928 Thérèse Lavoie-Roux, Quebec politician and senator
  • 1929 Lupe Anguiano, Mexican-American civil rights activist
  • 1929 U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist
  • 1930 Antony Acland, provost of Eton/British ambassador (to US)
  • 1930 Robin Cavendish, English campaigner for the disabled, born in Middleton (d. 1994)
  • 1931 Geoffrey de Bellaigue, director (Royal Collection)
  • 1931 Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • 1932 Andrew Young, US ambassador to UN (1977-79)/(Mayor-D-Atlanta)
  • 1934 Rudolph Agner, CEO (Consolidated Gold Fields)
  • 1935 John Gross, author (Age of Kipling, Dickens & 20th Century)
  • 1936 Anthony Loehnis, vice chairman (S G Warburg & Co)
  • 1936 Patrick Procktor, painter
  • 1938 Karl Soderlund, Duluth Minn, Mr Sally Jesse Raphael
  • 1938 Norman Hogg, British MP
  • 1939 David Mlinaric, British interior director

Person of interestRatko Mladić

1942 Ratko Mladić, Bosnian Serb general during the Bosnian War (found guilty of war crimes 2017), born in Božanovići, Croatia

Serbian General Ratko Mladić
Serbian General
Ratko Mladić
  • 1945 Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, American mobster who testified against John Gotti, born in Brooklyn, New York

Person of interestMitt Romney

1947 Mitt Romney, 70th Republican Governor of Massachusetts and presidential candidate, born in Detroit, Michigan

Governor of Massachusetts and US Senator Mitt Romney
Governor of Massachusetts and US Senator
Mitt Romney

Deaths in History

  • 417 Innocent I, Italian Pope (401-417), dies
  • 604 Gregory I the Great, Pope (590-604), dies at 64
  • 604 Pope Gregory I, Bishop of Rome (590–604), dies at 64
  • 1209 Djamal al-din Abu Mohammed Iljas Nizami, Persian poet, dies
  • 1289 King Demetre II of Georgia (b. 1259)
  • 1374 Emperor Go-Kōgon, 4th Northern Emperor of Japan, dies at 37
  • 1447 Shahrukh Mirza, Ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (1405-47), dies at 69
  • 1471 Dionysius the Carthusian [Denis Ryckel], Flemish scholastic theologist, dies at 69
  • 1496 Johannes de Lapide [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies
  • 1507 Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentinois, Italian aristocrat and illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI, killed in a battle at 31
  • 1570 Jacob van den Eynden, Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies
  • 1608 Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)
  • 1648 Tirso de Molina, Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest), dies at about 63
  • 1681 Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch painter, dies at 45
  • 1699 Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman, dies at 63
  • 1721 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1734 Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, dies at 74
  • 1753 George Berkeley, philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
  • 1790 Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1820 Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish born Canadian explorer, First European to cross North America, dies at roughly 56
  • 1834 Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach, German mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
  • 1872 Zeng Guofan, Chinese statesman, military general and Confucian scholar of the late Qing dynasty, dies at 60
  • 1888 Henry Bergh, Founder of American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), dies at 76
  • 1889 John Archibald Campbell, American jurist and Supreme Court justice (1853–61), dies at 77
  • 1894 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
  • 1895 Henry Eustace McCulloch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 78
  • 1895 John H. Balsley, American carpenter and inventor (a practical folding wooden stepladder), dies at 71
  • 1898 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
  • 1902 John Peter Altgeld, German-American politician (Governor of Illinois, 1893-97), known for pardoning of Haymarket anarchists, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage, while delivering a speech, at 54
  • 1905 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
  • 1908 Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61
  • 1909 Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)

Person of interestGeorge Westinghouse

1914 George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur, engineer (Westinghouse Electric) and pioneer of the electrical industry,, dies at 67

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1916 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), dies at 39
  • 1921 Isabella Caroline Somerset, British philanthropist, temperance leader and campaigner for women's rights, dies at 69
  • 1924 Hilaire de Chardonnet, French industrialist and inventor (rayon), dies at 84

Person of interestSun Yat-sen

1925 Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary and father of modern China, dies of liver cancer at 58

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1929 Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman (b. 1851)
  • 1930 Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)

Person of interestWilliam George Barker

1930 William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (Victoria Cross recipient), dies in a training accident at 35

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • 1932 Ivar Kreuger, "Swedish Match King" industrialist, commits suicide
  • 1935 Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and telephone pioneer, dies at 76

Person of interestDavid Beatty

1936 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet during World War I (Battle of Jutland), dies of heart failure at 65

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1942 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • 1943 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1944 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, dies at 82
  • 1947 "Winston Churchill the American", American novelist (b. 1871)
  • 1947 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, dies at 87
  • 1950 L Heinrich Mann, German/American writer (Between the Races), dies at 78
  • 1955 Theodor Plievier, writer, dies
  • 1958 Princess Ingeborg of Sweden, wife of Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, dies at 79
  • 1973 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chilean writer (Hijo de Ladron), dies at 77
  • 1974 Billy Fox, Protestant Dublin MP, assassinated
  • 1974 George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. Owner of the Saxony Hotel. (b. 1904)
  • 1982 Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Course of Events), dies at 90
  • 1983 Jevsei G Liberman, Ukraine economist (Plan, profit, bonus), dies at 85
  • 1988 William Camp, dies at 74
  • 1990 Wallace Breem, British author (Eagle in the Snow), dies at 73
  • 1991 Etienne Decroux, French mime (Voyage, Surprise), dies at 92
  • 1991 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), dies at 90
  • 1992 Hans G. Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (known for the comic strip Eric de Noorman), dies at 70
  • 1992 Ida Oosterbaan, Dutch founder (Women Action Committee), dies
  • 1992 Karel Poons, father of Paul Deen, dies
  • 1992 Philippe Soupault, writer, dies
  • 1992 Salvo Lima, mayor (Palermo)/MP (chr-dem), murdered
  • 1993 Andreas J A I Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Leiderdorp), dies at 62
  • 1993 Wang Zhen, marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
  • 1994 Sandra Paretti, German/Swiss author (Drums of Winter), dies at 59
  • 1996 Charles Bruce Perry, Professor of Medicine (Bristol University), dies at 92
  • 1996 Gyula Kallai, Prime Minister of Hungry (1965-67), dies at 85
  • 1996 John Anthony Bowden Cuddon, writer/teacher, dies at 67
  • 1998 Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramist (b. 1893)
  • 2001 Morton Downey, Jr., American television talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2001 Robert Ludlum, American spy novelist (Bourne Identity), dies at 73
  • 2001 Henry Lee Lucas, American drifter and serial killer, dies at 64
  • 2002 Spyros Kyprianou, Cypriot politician (b. 1932)
  • 2002 Jean-Paul Riopelle, Quebec painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Zoran Đinđić, 6th Prime Minister of Serbia (2001-03), assassinated at 50
  • 2003 Howard Fast, American author (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Bill Cameron, Canadian journalist (b. 1943)
  • 2006 Victor Sokolov, Russian dissident journalist and priest (b. 1947)
  • 2008 Lazare Ponticelli, the last "poilu", French foot soldier of World War One, dies at 110 (b. 1897)
  • 2008 Howard Metzenbaum, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), dies at 90
  • 2010 Miguel Delibes, Spanish novelist (b. 1920)

Person of interestTerry Pratchett

2015 Terry Pratchett, English author of fantasy novels (Discworld), dies of Alzheimer's disease at 66

Novelist Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett

Person of interestMichael Graves

2015 Michael Graves, American postmodernist architect and designer, dies at 80

Architect Michael Graves
Michael Graves
  • 2016 Lloyd Shapley, American Mathematician (2012 Nobel Prize, Game Theory), dies at 92
  • 2017 Luigi Barbarito, Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 94