On This Day

On This Day in History for March 13

Events in History

  • 483 St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 607 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 624 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 1560 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • 1564 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • 1567 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1569 Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
  • 1591 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • 1634 First meeting of what would become the Academie Francaise in Paris at the house of Valentin Conrart
  • 1639 Cambridge College, Massachusetts, renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
  • 1656 Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 1735 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
  • 1759 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1772 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Galotti" premieres in Brunswick

InventionScientific Discovery

1781 William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel

  • 1846 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1869 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law

Historic InventionEarmuffs on, shhhh!

1877 American Chester Greenwood patents earmuffs after inventing them at age 15

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Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for
Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for "ear-mufflers" and inset, Greenwood modeling his earmuffs
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1881 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1884 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • 1884 US adopts Standard Time
  • 1888 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages across the east coast of the USA and Canada
  • 1897 San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State (Boer War)
  • 1900 In France the length of the working day for women and children is limited by law to 11 hours.
  • 1903 Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy on over 500,000 square miles
  • 1904 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • 1911 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • 1912 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1913 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Leon Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1918 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • 1920 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike

  • 1921 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh V" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • 1925 Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • 1933 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1935 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • 1938 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • 1940 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
  • 1941 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
  • 1942 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Failed assassin attempt on Adolf Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Nazis liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków; Oskar Schindler with advance information, saves his workers by keeping them in his factory overnight

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Oskar Schindler
  • 1944 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1945 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst arrests Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • 1946 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)

  • 1949 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • 1949 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 General Motors Corporation reports record net earnings of $656,434,232

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice
  • 1951 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
  • 1951 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Viet Minh General Võ Nguyên Giáp opens the assault on French forces at Dien Bien Phu, northwest Vietnam

North Vietnamese General Võ Nguyên Giáp
North Vietnamese General
Võ Nguyên Giáp
  • 1955 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal

BattleBattle of Interest

1957 Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1958 Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1961 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • 1961 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • 1962 Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
  • 1963 Two Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
  • 1963 Indonesia & Netherlands reinstate diplomatic relations
  • 1964 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
  • 1967 Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death
  • 1967 Robert Anderson's "You Know I Can't Hear You ..." premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah, kills 6,000 sheep

  • 1969 Apollo 9 returns to Earth
  • 1970 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam
  • 1970 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
  • 1970 San Francisco city employees begin 4-day strike
  • 1973 Syria adopts constitution
  • 1973 Minskoff Theater opens at 200 W 45th St NYC
  • 1974 Glenn Turner scores twin tons for NZ's 1st win against Aust
  • 1975 Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year" premieres in NYC
  • 1978 Moluccan "suicide commandos" occupies Province house
  • 1979 European Monetary System is established, ECU created
  • 1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement
  • 1980 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
  • 1980 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann GDR

MurderMurder of Interest

1980 American John Wayne Gacy receives the death sentence in Illinois for the murder of 12 people

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • 1982 Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)
  • 1983 1st USFL overtime game-Birmingham Stallions beat Oakld Invaders 20-14

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko in Moscow

Soviet General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko
Soviet General Secretary
Konstantin Chernenko
  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir
  • 1986 Microsoft has its Initial public offering.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 John Gotti, boss of the Gambino crime family, is acquitted of racketeering

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 1987 Washington Caps score 5 goals against Toronto in 3 mins & 3 secs
  • 1989 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown
  • 1989 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US

Birthdays in History

  • 1372 Louis I, Duke of Orléans, Brother of Charles VI of France, born in Paris (d. 1407)
  • 1548 Sasbout Vosmeer, Dutch Catholic theologist and apostole vicar, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1614)
  • 1585 Federico Cesi, Italian naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1630)
  • 1599 Johannes Berchmans, Dutch Jesuit and Roman Catholic saint, born in Diest, Seventeen Provinces (d. 1621)
  • 1615 Innocent XII [Antonio Pignatelli], Pope (1691-1700), born in Spinazzola, Italy (d. 1700)
  • 1683 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British natural philosopher and freemason, born in La Rochelle, France (d. 1744)
  • 1696 Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, French marshal and statesman, 3rd Duke of Richilieu, born in Paris (d. 1788)
  • 1719 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal, born in Oundle, Northamptonshire (d. 1797)
  • 1720 Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer, born in Geneva (d. 1793)
  • 1741 Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90), born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1790)
  • 1744 David Allan, Scottish painter, born in Alloa, Scotland (d. 1796)
  • 1763 Guillaume Brune, French marshal, born in Brive-la-Gaillarde, France (d. 1815)

Person of interestCharles Grey

1764 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1830-34), born in Fallodon, Northumberland, England (d. 1845)

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
  • 1768 Charles Louis Willem Josef van Keverberg, Dutch civil servant, born in Haelen, Netherlands (d. 1841)
  • 1770 Daniel Lambert, English gaol keep and famous for his unusually large size (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death), born in Blue Boar Lane, Leicester (d. 1809)
  • 1781 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), born in Neuruppin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (d. 1841)
  • 1798 Abigail Fillmore, American 1st lady (1850-53), born in Stillwater, New York (d. 1853)
  • 1815 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist, born in Milton, Pennsylvania (d. 1911)
  • 1818 Albion Parris Howe, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Standish, Maine (d. 1897)
  • 1820 Louis Hébert, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and civil engineer, born in Iberville Parish, Louisiana (d. 1901)
  • 1822 Moritz von Strachwitz, German poet, born in Peterwitz, Silesia (d. 1847)
  • 1855 Percival "Percy" Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)
  • 1858 Maximilien Luce, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • 1864 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • 1870 Albert Meyer, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1929-38), born in Fällanden, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • 1872 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post, born in Wiesbaden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1875 Lizzy Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • 1881 Balthazar Huibrecht Verhagen, Dutch dramatist and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1950)
  • 1884 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1962)
  • 1884 Hugh S. Walpole, British novelist and playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 1941)
  • 1884 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926), born in Świecie, Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1892 Janet Flanner, American journalist (New Yorker), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1978)
  • 1896 Dorothy Aldis, American children's writer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Marcel Thiry, Belgian writer and wallon militant, born in Charleroi, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Jan Lechoń [Leszek Józef Serafinowicz], Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (d. 1956)
  • 1899 John Van Vleck, American physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Henry Iliffe Cozens, English Royal Air Force pilot, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Mircea Eliade, Romanian religious historian (Le Yoga) and author, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1986) [O.S. 02-28]
  • 1907 Albert Hughes Williams, historian (d. 1996)
  • 1907 Maria Pia de Braganca, Portuguese journalist and writer who claimed to be the bastard daughter of King Carlos I of Portugal, born in Lisbon (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Charles Brink, German-born British classical scholar (Horace), born in Berlin (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Walter Annenberg, American publisher (Triangle-TV Guide) and philanthropist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2002)
  • 1909 Gilbert Inglefield, British architect and Mayor of London (1967-68) (d. 1991)
  • 1911 L. Ron Hubbard, American sci-fi writer (Death Quest) and founder of the Scientology cult, born in Tilden, Nebraska (d. 1986)
  • 1912 James Friell, Scottish political cartoonist (Daily Worker), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)

Person of interestWilliam J. Casey

1913 William J. Casey, American head of the CIA during the Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)

CIA Director William J. Casey
CIA Director
William J. Casey
  • 1913 Sergey Mikhalkov, Soviet writer and poet, born in Moscow (d. 2009) [NS]
  • 1913 Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate (d. 2001)
  • 1914 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, born in Cardiff (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Edward O'Hare, American naval aviator of the U.S. Navy, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1943)
  • 1914 W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (Who Has Seen the Wind?), born in Weyburn, Canada (d. 1998)
  • 1916 Lindy Boggs [Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne Boggs], American political administrator, born in New Roads, Louisiana (d. 2013)
  • 1916 Jacque Fresco, American industrial designer and founder of the Venus Project, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1917 Maria Vlamynck, Flemish author
  • 1919 Faye Glenn Abdellah, American pioneer in nursing research and US government official (health services), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1920 Frans van der Elst, Belgian attorney and MP (Volksunie), born in Neder-Over-Heembeek, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Ralph J Roberts, American businessman and founder of Comcast, born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1921 Al Jaffee, American comic strip cartoonist and illustrator (MAD Magazine), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1923 William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States, born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • 1926 F. H. McClintock, British criminologist, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1927 Charles Sickman Corsen, Dutch Antillean poet, born in Curacao, Costa Rica (d. 1994)
  • 1927 Robert Denning, American interior designer, born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Jim Slater, British financier and writer, born in Heswall, Cheshire (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Bill Cunningham, American fashion photographer (New York Times), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Marc Dessauvage, Belgian architect, born in Moorslede, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1933 Frank H. Murkowski, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1981-2002; Governor of Alaska, 2002-06), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1933 Donald Henry "Pee Wee" Gaskins, American serial killer (claimed to have murdered over 100 people), born in Florence County, South Carolina (d. 1991)
  • 1934 Barry Hughart, American author of fantasy novels (Bridge of Birds), born in Peoria, Illinois
  • 1935 Michael Walzer, American political theorist, born in New York
  • 1935 David Nobbs, English comedic writer (The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin), born in Petts Wood, Kent (d. 2015)
  • 1937 Fofó Iosefa Fiti Sunia, Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from American Samoa, born in Fagasá, Pago Pago
  • 1941 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer, born in al-Birwa, Galilee (d. 2008)
  • 1942 Dave Cutler, American software engineer, born in Lansing, Michigan
  • 1945 Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician, born in Stalino, USSR
  • 1946 Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier who died leading rescue operation Entebbe in Uganda, born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1946 Yann Arthus-Bertrand, French director and environmentalist, born in Paris, France
  • 1950 Charles Krauthammer, American conservative political commentator and psychiatrist (The Washington Post), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1955 Patricia J. Engfer, General manager (Hyatt Regency-Orlando), born in Hackensack, New Jersey

Person of interestJamie Dimon

1956 Jamie Dimon, American business executive and CEO of JPMorgan Chase, born in NYC, New York

CEO of JPMorgan Chase Jamie Dimon
CEO of JPMorgan Chase
Jamie Dimon
  • 1957 John Hoeven, American politician, governor of North Dakota, born in Bismarck, North Dakota
  • 1958 Rick Lazio, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Amityville, New York
  • 1959 Kathy Hilton, American socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nikki Hilton and Paris Hilton, born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist, born in Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
  • 1970 Michael Arrington, American founder of blog TechCrunch, born in Orange, California
  • 1971 Robert Lanham, American author and satirist (The Hipster Handbook), born in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1982 Jeremy Curl, British explorer, first non-African to cross the Tanezrouft area of the Sahara without motorized transport, born in Tokyo
  • 1986 Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol, born in Tokorozawa, Saitama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1989 Peaches Geldof, English columnist and daughter of Bob Geldof and Paula Yates, born in London (d. 2014)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1804 Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset

Economist and Demographer Thomas Malthus
Economist and Demographer
Thomas Malthus
  • 1994 Cuba Godding Jr (26) weds Sara Kapfer (26)

Deaths in History

  • 624 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 1202 Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
  • 1271 Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
  • 1395 John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1516 Vladislav II Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60
  • 1569 Louis, Prince of Condé (1530-69), dies in Battle of Jarnac at 39
  • 1573 Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman
  • 1604 Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer, dies at 66
  • 1711 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic, dies at 74
  • 1773 Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist, dies at 45
  • 1778 Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
  • 1803 William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
  • 1808 King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
  • 1837 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat and minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
  • 1842 Henry Shrapnel, English Army officer and inventor (created the shrapnel shell), dies at 80
  • 1877 Charles Cowden Clarke, English editor and Shakespearean critic, dies at 89

MurderAlexander II

1881 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' at 62

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1884 Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
  • 1895 Louise Otto-Peters, German suffragist, women's rights movement activist and author (The Wandering Star), dies at 75

Person of interestBenjamin Harrison

1901 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (Republican: 1889-93), dies in Indianapolis at 67

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1903 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura) and theologian, dies at 88

Person of interestSusan B. Anthony

1906 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, dies of pneumonia at 86

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1911 Jacob Maarten van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist and chemist, dies at 80
  • 1911 John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1915 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), dies at 65
  • 1930 Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, American writer (Revolt of Mother), dies at 77
  • 1938 Clarence Darrow, American defense attorney at Scopes Monkey Trial, dies at 80
  • 1938 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • 1939 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French scholar and philosopher, dies at 81
  • 1941 A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941 Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed by Nazi regime at 49
  • 1941 E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941 J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (The Time of Man), dies at 54
  • 1943 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • 1943 J. P. Morgan, Jr. [John Pierpont], American financier and son of J.P. Morgan, Sr., (J.P. Morgan & Co.), dies of a stroke at 75
  • 1946 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90
  • 1946 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
  • 1946 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, dies at 76
  • 1948 Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the U.K., dies at 77
  • 1949 Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • 1951 Alfred Hugenberg, German politician and media magnate, dies at 85
  • 1951 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), dies at 67
  • 1955 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), dies under mysterious circumstances at 48
  • 1964 Catherine "Kitty" Genovese, stabbed to death in Queens; almost 40 witnesses but no rescuers
  • 1965 George Călinescu, Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
  • 1965 Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • 1965 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1965 Vittorio Jano, Italian automobile designer, dies at 73
  • 1971 Rockwell Kens, American artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88
  • 1972 Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer, dies of Leukemia at 30
  • 1975 Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier, dies at 71
  • 1975 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961), dies at 82
  • 1975 Ruth Schaumann, German author, painter and sculptor (Rose, Black King), dies at 75
  • 1977 Fanie Lou Hamer, American women's and civil rights activist (Freedom Democratic Party), dies at 59
  • 1977 Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
  • 1982 Wilfred Hawker, Suriname sgt-major, executed
  • 1983 Paul Citroen, Dutch sculptor, dies at 86
  • 1986 Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies
  • 1987 Bernhard Grzimek, German zoologist (West Germany), dies at 77
  • 1990 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian-American psycho-analyst (Uses of Enchantment), commits suicide at 86
  • 1992 Hans Redeker, Dutch art critic (Algemeen Handelsblad), dies
  • 1993 Ralph Smith Fults, American gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82
  • 1994 Sandra Paretti, German romantic novelist, dies at 59
  • 1994 James Cecil "Humpy" Parker, American disgraced ex-Sheriff convicted of violating inmates civil rights and of torture, dies at 58
  • 1995 Abdul Ali Mazari, Afghan Shiite leader, shot to death
  • 1995 John Silverlight, British journalist (The Observer), dies at 75
  • 1995 Leo Kaplan, lawyer (ASCAP), dies at 89
  • 1995 P C J van Lierde, Dutch vicar-gen of Vatican (1951-91), dies at 87
  • 1995 Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WWII), dies at 82
  • 1996 Lucy Faithfull, children's campaigner, dies at 85
  • 1998 Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 1998 Hans von Ohain, German-American aerospace engineer, dies at 86
  • 1999 Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (The Phantom), dies at 87
  • 2001 Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (b. 1895)
  • 2001 Cranley Onslow, British politician (C, dies at 74
  • 2002 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 2004 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2006 Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (b. 1942)
  • 2009 James Purdy, American author (Malcolm), dies at 94
  • 2010 He Pingping, Chinese world's shortest man who was able to walk at 74 cm (2 ft 5 in), dies at 21
  • 2014 Reubin Askew, American politician (37th Governor of Florida), dies at 85
  • 2016 Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, dies at 89
  • 2017 Eligio [Kika] De La Garza, American politician (Rep-D-Texas, 1965-97), dies at 89
  • 2020 Barbara Harris, 1st American Episcopal female bishop, dies at 89

Person of interestBreonna Taylor

2020 Breonna Taylor, African American medical technician, shot and killed by police officers in her home at 26 [1]

Victim of Police Brutality Breonna Taylor
Victim of Police Brutality
Breonna Taylor