On This Day in History for March 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 483 St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 607 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 624 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 1138 German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned
  • 1560 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • 1564 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • 1567 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1569 Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
  • 1591 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • 1634 First meeting of what would become the Academie Francaise in Paris at the house of Valentin Conrart
  • 1639 Cambridge College, Massachusetts, renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
  • 1656 Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 1735 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
  • 1759 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1772 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781 William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1846 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1869 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
  • 1877 Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
  • 1884 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • 1884 US adopts Standard Time
  • 1888 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages across the east coast of the USA and Canada
  • 1897 San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State (Boer War)
  • 1900 In France the length of the working day for women and children is limited by law to 11 hours.
  • 1903 Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy of over 500,000 square miles
  • 1904 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • 1911 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • 1912 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1913 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1918 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • 1920 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • 1921 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh V" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • 1925 Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • 1933 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1935 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • 1938 Anschluss - Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
  • 1940 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
  • 1941 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
  • 1942 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

  • 1943 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
  • 1944 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio
  • 1945 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
  • 1945 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst arrests Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • 1946 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)
  • 1949 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • 1949 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1950 General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)
  • 1951 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
  • 1951 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
  • 1954 Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
  • 1955 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal

BattleBattle of Interest

1957 Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1958 Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1961 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • 1961 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • 1962 Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
  • 1963 Two Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
  • 1963 Indonesia & Netherlands reinstate diplomatic relations
  • 1964 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
  • 1967 Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death
  • 1967 Robert Anderson's "You Know I Can't Hear You ..." premieres in NYC
  • 1969 Apollo 9 returns to Earth
  • 1970 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam
  • 1970 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
  • 1970 San Francisco city employees begin 4-day strike
  • 1973 Syria adopts constitution
  • 1973 Minskoff Theater opens at 200 W 45th St NYC
  • 1974 Glenn Turner scores twin tons for NZ's 1st win against Aust
  • 1975 Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Dennis Lillee takes 6-26, England all out 95 in Centenary Test
  • 1978 Moluccan "suicide commandos" occupies Province house
  • 1979 European Monetary System is established, ECU created
  • 1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement
  • 1980 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)
  • 1980 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
  • 1980 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann GDR
  • 1982 Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)
  • 1983 1st USFL overtime game-Birmingham Stallions beat Oakld Invaders 20-14

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko in Moscow

Soviet General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko
Soviet General Secretary
Konstantin Chernenko
  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir
  • 1986 Microsoft has its Initial public offering.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering

Gangster John Gotti
Gangster
John Gotti
  • 1987 Washington Caps score 5 goals against Toronto in 3 mins & 3 secs
  • 1989 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown
  • 1989 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US

Birthdays in History

  • 1372 Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
  • 1548 Sasbout Vosmeer, Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole
  • 1585 Federico Cesi, Italian Naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1599 Johannes Berchmans, Dutch Jesuit/saint
  • 1615 Innocent XII, [Antonio Pignatelli], Pope (1691-1700)
  • 1683 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
  • 1696 Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu, French marshal
  • 1719 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
  • 1720 Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
  • 1741 Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1764-90) (d. 1790)
  • 1744 David Allan, Scottish painter
  • 1763 Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1764 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1830-34), born in Fallodon, Northumberland, England (d. 1845)

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
  • 1768 Charles Louis WJ van Keverberg, Dutch civil servant
  • 1770 Daniel Lambert, England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)
  • 1781 Karl F Schinkel, German architect/painter/writer (Schloss Tegel)
  • 1798 Abigail Fillmore, American 1st lady (1850-53), born in Stillwater, New York (d. 1853)
  • 1815 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
  • 1818 Albion Parris Howe, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Standish, Maine (d. 1897)
  • 1820 Louis Herbert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1822 Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1855 Percival "Percy" Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Astronomer
Percival Lowell
  • 1858 Maximilien Luce, French painter
  • 1864 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1870 Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
  • 1872 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist
  • 1875 Maria E G "Lizzy" Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane)
  • 1881 Balthazar H Verhagen, Neth/South African dramatist/writer
  • 1884 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit)
  • 1884 Hugh S Walpole, New Zealand novelist/playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40)
  • 1884 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926)
  • 1892 Janet Flanner, journalist (New Yorker)
  • 1896 Dorothy Aldis, American children's writer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Marcel Thiry, Belgian poet (Statue of Fatigue)
  • 1899 Jan Lechoń, Polish poet (d. 1956)
  • 1899 John Van Vleck, Middletown Connecticut, American Physicist, Mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism
  • 1904 Henry Iliffe Cozens, pilot
  • 1907 Mircea Eliade, religious historian (Le Yoga) [O.S. 02-28]
  • 1907 Albert Hughes Williams, teacher/historian
  • 1907 Dona Maria Pia de Braganca, pretender to the Portuguese throne
  • 1907 Charles Brink, German-born British classical scholar (Horace), born in Berlin (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Walter Annenberg, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)/Amb to GB, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1909 Gilbert Inglefield, Mayor of London (1967-68)
  • 1911 L. Ron Hubbard, American sci-fi writer (Death Quest) and founder of the Scientology cult, born in Tilden, Nebraska (d. 1986)
  • 1912 James Friell, political cartoonist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 William J. Casey, American head of the CIA during the Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)

CIA Director William Casey
CIA Director
William Casey
  • 1913 Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
  • 1914 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, born in Cardiff (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Edward O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
  • 1914 W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
  • 1916 Corinne Boggs, political administrator
  • 1916 Lindy Boggs, (Rep-D-LA, 1973-1991), (d. 2013)
  • 1916 Jacque Fresco, American industrial designer and founder of the Venus Project, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1917 Maria Vlamynck, Flemish author
  • 1918 Faye Glenn Abdellan, US government official (health services)
  • 1920 Frans van der Elst, Flemish attorney/MP (Volksunie)
  • 1921 Allan Jaffee, comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)
  • 1923 William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
  • 1926 Frederick Hemming McClintock, criminologist
  • 1927 Charles Sickman Corsen, Dutch Antillean poet
  • 1927 Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Jim Slater, British financier and writer, born in Heswall, Cheshire (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Bill Cunningham, American fashion photographer (New York Times), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Marc Dessauvage, Flemish architect
  • 1933 Frank H Murkowski, American politician (Sen-R-AK, 1981- )
  • 1933 Donald Henry "Pee Wee" Gaskins, American serial killer (claimed to have murdered over 100 people), born in Florence County, South Carolina (d. 1991)
  • 1934 Barry Hughart, American author
  • 1935 Michael Walzer, American philosopher
  • 1935 David Nobbs, English comedic writer (The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin), born in Petts Wood, Kent (d. 2015)
  • 1937 Fofo I F Sunia, (Rep-D-Amer Samoa, 1981- )
  • 1938 Patricia W Amicone, educator/midwife
  • 1941 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer of prose.(d. 2008)
  • 1942 Dave Cutler, American software engineer
  • 1945 Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
  • 1946 Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier who died leading rescue operation Entebbe in Uganda (d. 1976)
  • 1950 Charles Krauthammer, American political commentator
  • 1954 Robin Duke, comedienne (SNL, SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1955 Patricia J Engfer, general manager (Hyatt Regency-Orlando)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Jamie Dimon, American business executive and CEO of JPMorgan Chase, born in NYC, New York

CEO of JPMorgan Chase Jamie Dimon
CEO of JPMorgan Chase
Jamie Dimon
  • 1957 John Hoeven, American politician, governor of North Dakota
  • 1958 Rick A Lazio, (Rep-R-NY)
  • 1959 Kathy Hilton, socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nikki Hilton and Paris Hilton
  • 1960 Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist
  • 1960 Joe Ranft, American animator (d. 2005)
  • 1971 Robert Lanham, American author and satirist
  • 1981 Stephen Maguire, Scottish snooker player
  • 1982 Jeremy Curl, British explorer
  • 1984 Yuuka Nanri, Japanese seiyū
  • 1986 Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1989 Peaches Geldof, English columnist and daughter of Bob Geldof and Paula Yates, born in London (d. 2014)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1804 Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset

Economist and Demographer Thomas Malthus
Economist and Demographer
Thomas Malthus
  • 1994 Cuba Godding Jr (26) weds Sara Kapfer (26)

Deaths in History

  • 624 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 1202 Mieszko III, the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
  • 1271 Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
  • 1395 John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1516 Vladislav II Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60
  • 1558 Jean Fernel, French physician/physiologist, dies
  • 1569 Louis Condé, French prince/co-leader of Hugenots, dies in Battle of Jarnac
  • 1573 Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman
  • 1604 Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
  • 1711 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
  • 1773 Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)
  • 1778 Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
  • 1803 William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
  • 1808 King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
  • 1837 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/min of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
  • 1842 Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • 1842 Henry Shrapnel, English Army officer and inventor (created the shrapnel shell), dies at 80
  • 1879 Adolf Anderssen, German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60
  • 1881 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • 1884 Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (Republican: 1889-93), dies in Indianapolis at 67

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1903 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura) and theologian, dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, dies of pneumonia at 86

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1911 Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80
  • 1911 John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1915 Sergei Witte, Russian Imperial Finance Minister, dies at 65
  • 1930 Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, American writer (Revolt of Mother), dies at 77
  • 1938 Clarence S Darrow, Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80
  • 1938 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • 1941 A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941 Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941 E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941 J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1941 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (b. 1881)
  • 1943 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • 1943 J. P. Morgan, Jr. [John Pierpont], American financier and son of J.P. Morgan, Sr., (J.P. Morgan & Co.), dies of a stroke at 75
  • 1946 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90
  • 1946 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
  • 1949 Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • 1951 Alfred Hugenberg, German RC pres-dir of Krupp/media magnate, dies
  • 1951 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), dies at 67
  • 1955 Maharajadhiraja Tribhuvana Bir Bikram Yung Bahadur Shum Shere, dies
  • 1955 Yung Deva, king of Nepal (191.-55), dies at about 48
  • 1964 Catherine "Kitty" Genovese, stabbed to death in Queens; almost 40 witnesses but no rescuers
  • 1965 George Calinescu, Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
  • 1965 Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • 1965 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1965 Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)
  • 1971 Rockwell Kens, US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88
  • 1972 Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer, dies of Leukemia at 30
  • 1975 Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier, dies at 71
  • 1975 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961), dies at 82
  • 1975 Ruth Schaumann, German author, painter and sculptor (Rose, Black King), dies at 75
  • 1977 Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, dies
  • 1977 Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
  • 1982 Wilfred Hawker, Suriname sgt-major, executed
  • 1983 Paul R Citroen, Dutch sculptor, dies at 86
  • 1986 Alvaro Fayad Delgado, Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies
  • 1987 Bernhard Grzimek, West German zoologist, dies at 77
  • 1990 Bruno Bettelhelm, Austrian/US psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86
  • 1990 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian-American psycho-analyst (Uses of Enchantment), dies at 86
  • 1992 Hans Redeker, Dutch art critic (Algemeen Handelsblad), dies
  • 1993 Ralph Smith Fults, US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82
  • 1994 Edward James "Murt" O'Donoghue, snooker player
  • 1994 Sandra Paretti, romantic novelist, dies at 59
  • 1995 Abdul Ali Mazari, Afghan Shiite leader, shot to death
  • 1995 John Silverlight, journalist, dies at 75
  • 1995 Leo Kaplan, lawyer (ASCAP), dies at 89
  • 1995 P C J van Lierde, Dutch vicar-gen of Vatican (1951-91), dies at 87
  • 1996 Brian Hulls, television news cameraman, dies at 48
  • 1996 Lucy Faithfull, children's campaigner, dies at 85
  • 1998 Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 1998 Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)
  • 1999 Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1999 Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (b. 1895)
  • 2001 Cranley Onslow, British politician (C, dies at 74
  • 2002 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 2004 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2006 Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (b. 1942)
  • 2009 James Purdy, American author, dies at 94
  • 2010 He Pingping, the world's shortest man who was able to walk. (b. 1988)
  • 2016 Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, dies at 89
  • 2017 Eligio [Kika] De La Garza, American politician (Rep-D-Texas, 1965-97), dies at 89