On This Day in History for March 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 1369 Battle of Montiel: Pedro of Castile with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II
  • 1489 The last Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro is forced to abdicate by Venice
  • 1559 Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1590 Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion

  • 1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • 1647 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1653 Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno
  • 1689 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • 1743 1st American town meeting (Boston's Faneuil Hall)
  • 1757 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for failing to come to aide of besieged British garrison

1stHistoric Invention

1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1800 Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • 1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin leaves Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1840 Jose Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey" premieres in Madrid
  • 1843 Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
  • 1845 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen
  • 1847 Premiere of Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Ellen G. White receives a vision while attending a funeral service in Lovett's Grove, near Bowling Green, Ohio

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1862 Battle of New Bern North Carolina: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • 1864 Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris
  • 1864 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1869 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand
  • 1870 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 1875 Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • 1888 Second largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • 1889 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen

1stHistoric Invention

1889 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1896 Sutro Baths in San Francisco opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
  • 1900 Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
  • 1900 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
  • 1901 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with Great Britain in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • 1903 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
  • 1903 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • 1904 In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the US Supreme Court finds the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; first case in T. Roosevelt's 'trust-busting' campaign
  • 1907 By Presidential order, Japanese laborers are excluded from entering the USA
  • 1909 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • 1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere
  • 1912 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1913 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1914 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1915 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
  • 1918 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched in San Francisco
  • 1922 KGU-AM in Honolulu HI begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 KSD-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WGR-AM in Buffalo NY begins radio transmissions

  • 1923 Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • 1923 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1926 Train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93
  • 1933 Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation
  • 1935 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars in sSn Francisco
  • 1936 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
  • 1937 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio during their "feud"
  • 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • 1939 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
  • 1939 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1940 27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen, Texas
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
  • 1943 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"
  • 1945 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • 1948 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
  • 1950 FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
  • 1951 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
  • 1955 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • 1956 Satchel Paige signs with the Birmingham Black Barons (Negro League)
  • 1957 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
  • 1958 RIAA certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como's Catch A Falling Star)
  • 1958 Recording Industry Association of American created
  • 1958 South Africa's government prohibits the African National Congress
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1960 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield Calif
  • 1962 Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France

MurderMurder of Interest

1964 Dallas, Texas; Jack Ruby sentenced to death for Lee Harvey Oswald's murder

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • 1965 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1971 South Vietnamese troops flee Laos
  • 1972 Two IRA members shot dead by British soldiers in the Bogside area of Derry
  • 1973 Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Future US senator John McCain is released after spending over five years in a North Vietnamese prisoner of war camp

US Senator John McCain
US Senator
John McCain
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Marines terminate Moluccan action in Province house (1 dead)
  • 1979 A Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, China, killing at least 200
  • 1980 Ice Pairs Championship at Dortmund won by Cherkasova & Shakhrai (USSR)
  • 1980 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch
  • 1983 OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41-C mission
  • 1984 Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast
  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) completes 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km)
  • 1987 Providence, with Billy Donovan's 25 points, beats Austin Peay 90-87
  • 1987 Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m
  • 1987 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Cincinnati won by Katarina Witt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev

Birthdays in History

  • 1638 Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)
  • 1692 Peter Musschenbroek, Dutch physician/physicist (Leyden jar)
  • 1782 Thomas Hart Benton, (rep), "Old Bullion"
  • 1790 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (d. 1863)
  • 1800 James Bogardus, US inventor/builder (made cast-iron buildings)
  • 1807 Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1876)
  • 1808 Catharinus Putnam Buckingham, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1888)
  • 1816 Montgomery Dent Corse, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1820 Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), born in Torino, Italy (d. 1878)

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1821 Jens Worsaae, Danish archaeologist
  • 1822 Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889)
  • 1823 Roswell Sabine Ripley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • 1823 Théodore de Banville, French writer (d. 1891)
  • 1829 Charles Charlesworth, dies at 7 of old age, born in Straffordshire, England
  • 1833 John Sappington Marmaduke, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1833 Lucy Hobbs Taylor, 1st US woman dentist (1866)
  • 1835 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (discovered canals of Mars), born in Savigliano, Italy (d. 1910)
  • 1837 Charles Ammi Cutter, US librarian (Expansive classification)
  • 1844 King Umberto I, of Italy (1878-1900)
  • 1847 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes)
  • 1853 Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter (d. 1918)
  • 1854 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), Strehlen, Lower Silesia, German Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1854 Thomas Riley Marshall, (D) 28th VP (1913-21)
  • 1854 Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (d. 1920)
  • 1854 John Lane, British publisher (d. 1925)
  • 1862 Vilhelm FK Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology
  • 1864 Casey [John] Jones, American railroad engineer who dies trying to save a train (Ballad of Casey Jones), born in Missouri (d. 1900)
  • 1866 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist (d. 1942)
  • 1869 Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
  • 1873 Johannes Aengenent, sociologist/bishop of Haarlem (1928-35)
  • 1874 Anton F Philips, president-director of Philips
  • 1875 Isadore Gilbert Mudge, American librarian/author (Thackeray Dictionary)
  • 1878 Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet/writer (Forces of the Future)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), born in Ulm, German Empire (d. 1955)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1882 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
  • 1884 Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist
  • 1885 Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1887 George Creten, Belgian sculptor/painter
  • 1887 Sylvia Beach, American publisher (d. 1962)
  • 1888 Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • 1891 John P Strijbos, Dutch writer (Wandering through South-Africa)
  • 1892 Olive Netta Parsons, co-founder (Collet's Bookshop)
  • 1894 Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)
  • 1895 Frans Ganshof, Belgian historian
  • 1898 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • 1899 K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (d. 1992)
  • 1903 Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iran, Kurd leader (KDP)
  • 1903 Adolph Gottlieb American painter (d. 1974)
  • 1905 Raymond Aron, French sociologist/political scientist
  • 1908 Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher
  • 1908 Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)
  • 1909 Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues, French writer (Margin)
  • 1914 Henry Ralph Carr, soldier
  • 1915 Kenneth Rowntree, painter
  • 1917 Macha Louis Rosenthal, critic/poet
  • 1919 Max Shulman, novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap)
  • 1920 Hank Ketcham, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace)
  • 1921 S. Truett Cathy, founder of Chick-fil-A
  • 1922 Colin Fletcher, author (Walking Through Time)
  • 1925 John Barrington Wain, English novelist/poet (Hurry on Down)
  • 1925 Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Joop F Wolff, Dutch editor (Truth)/Dutch politician (CPN)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 Frank Borman, American astronaut (Gemini 7, Apollo 8) and CEO of Eastern Air Lines (1975-86), born in Gary, Indiana

Astronaut Frank Borman
Frank Borman
  • 1932 Naina Yeltsina, Russia's first First Lady
  • 1933 René Felber, former member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1934 Eugene A Cernan, Capt USN, astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 17), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Paul Rader, the 15th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1939 William Benjamin Lenoir, astronaut (STS 5), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1942 John Whittaker, English real estate developer (Peel Holdings)
  • 1944 Peter Paul Zahl, writer
  • 1947 Jan at Veldhuis, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1947 Jimmy O'Rourke, rocker
  • 1947 William Jefferson, (Rep-D-Louisiana)
  • 1947 Pam Ayres, British poet
  • 1948 Tom Coburn, American politician, junior senator from Oklahoma
  • 1949 Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author
  • 1950 Michael Ford, son of US President Gerald & Betty Ford
  • 1951 Rick Dees, radio disc jock (KIIS LA)
  • 1951 Jerry Greenfield, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream
  • 1952 J Fred Muggs, chimpanzee (Today show), born in French Cameroon

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952 Martin Dempsey, American General, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2011-), born in Jersey City, New Jersey

Army General Martin Dempsey
Army General
Martin Dempsey
  • 1956 Natalya Dmitriyevna Kuleshova, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1957 Andrew Robinson, British author
  • 1957 Tad Williams, American author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1958 Danny Meyer, American restaurateur (Shake Shack, Union Square Cafe), born in St. Louis, Missouri

Restaurateur and Founder of Shake Shack Danny Meyer
Restaurateur and Founder of Shake Shack
Danny Meyer
  • 1961 Gary Dell'Abate, producer (Howard Stern Show)
  • 1961 Grigoriy Kornev, Russian speed walker (world record 5 km)
  • 1963 Pedro Duque, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alt, sk:95), born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1967 Edward M Fincke, Capt USAF/astronaut, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1978 Carlo Giuliani, Italian anarchist (d. 2001)
  • 1989 Oliver Bernsen, son of Corbin Bernsen & Amanda Pays

Weddings in History

  • 1850 French writer and playwright Honoré de Balzac marries Ewelina Hańska in Berdyczów, Ukraine

HeartWedding of Interest

1946 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway marries Mary Welsh

Deaths in History

  • 840 Eginhard, French nobleman/biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69
  • 968 Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895)
  • 1272 Re Enzo, Italian poet/son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen, dies
  • 1298 Petrus Johannis Olivi, South France theologist, dies
  • 1457 Jingtai Emperor of China (b. 1428)
  • 1490 Charles I, Duke of Savoy, dies at 21
  • 1559 Jacques d'Auchy, Walloon baptist merchant, executed
  • 1573 Claude II, of Lotharingen, duke of Aumale/murdered adm Coligny, dies
  • 1590 Philip van Egmont, general/prince of Gavere, dies in battle at Ivry at 30
  • 1612 Philip Galle, Flemish engraver, dies at about 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1647 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel (1625-47), dies at 63

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1648 Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (b. 1584)
  • 1680 René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631)
  • 1682 Jacob I van Ruysdael, physician/landscape painter, dies at about 53
  • 1696 Jean Domat, French jurist (b. 1625)
  • 1698 Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (b. 1622)
  • 1748 George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)
  • 1757 John Byng, English Admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca
  • 1791 Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)
  • 1803 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet, dies at 78
  • 1805 Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1811 Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, British Prime Minister (1768-70), dies at 75

British Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy
British Prime Minister
Augustus FitzRoy
  • 1823 Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1884 Quintino Sella, Italian statesman (b. 1827)
  • 1899 Emile Erckmann, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 76
  • 1903 Johannes H Weissenbruch, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1932 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera and founder of the Eastman Kodak Company), shoots himself in the heart at 77

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1933 Balto, husky dog who brought back the antitoxin in 1925
  • 1949 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1953 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1957 Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (b. 1938)
  • 1961 Akiba Rubinstein, Polish chess player (opening theorist), dies at 78
  • 1968 Erwin Panofsky, German/US art historian/iconologist, dies
  • 1969 Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter (1964 Arts & Letters), dies at 70
  • 1973 Murat B "Chic" Young, US comic strip artist (Blondie), dies at 72
  • 1973 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), dies at 73
  • 1976 Busby Berkeley, US choreographer/dir (Strike Up the Band), dies at 80
  • 1976 Martha Saalfeldt, writer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1977 Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (Freedom Summer, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), dies of breast cancer at 59

Civil Rights Activist Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou Hamer
  • 1980 Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1984 Aurelio Peccei, Italian businessman/CEO (Club Rome), dies at 75
  • 1989 Edward Abbey (environmental author), dies after surgery at 62
  • 1989 Zita, Empress of Austria/Queen of Hungary, dies at 96
  • 1991 Jef Houthuys, Belgian union leader (ACV, 1968-87), dies at 68
  • 1991 Robert Maroff, dies at 57
  • 1991 Margery Sharp, children's author (b. 1905)
  • 1992 C V Wood Jr, theme park developer (Disneyland), dies of cancer at 71
  • 1992 Steven Brian Pennell, 1st execution in Delaware in 45 years at 34
  • 1994 Abdelkader Alloula, Algerian playwright, murdered
  • 1994 Sally Mary Caroline Belfrage, writer, dies at 57
  • 1995 Johan W "Jo" van Marle, CEO (KNVB, 1980-93), dies at 70
  • 1995 William A Fowler, US nuclear/astro physicist (Nobel 1983), dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 John Peters Humphrey, Canadian jurist and human rights advocate, dies at 89

  • 1996 Nico Kiasashvii, professor of English Literature, dies at 69
  • 1996 Vic Marshall, chemist, dies at 74
  • 1997 Fred Zinnemann (director), dies of heart attack at 89
  • 1997 John Curtis Jr, pres/CEO (Luby's Cafe), commits suicide at 58
  • 1997 Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer (Jacob the Liar), dies at 59
  • 2002 Cherry Wilder, New Zealand-born author (b. 1930)
  • 2003 Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (b. 1945)
  • 2003 Jean-Luc Lagardère, French publisher (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Ann Calvello, Roller Derby Queen (b. 1929)
  • 2006 Lennart Meri, former president of Estonia (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Lucie Aubrac, French history teacher and member of the French Resistance (b. 1912)
  • 2008 Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist and leader and foundress of the Focolare (b. 1920)
  • 2009 Altovise Davis, American entertainer, best known as Sammy Davis, Jr.'s third wife. (b. 1943)
  • 2012 Censu Tabone, President of Malta, dies at 98
  • 2013 Mirja Hietamies, Finnish skier, dies at 82
  • 2014 Anthony Neil Wedgwood "Tony" Benn, British Labour left wing politician dies aged 88
  • 2015 Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer (To Live and Remember) dies at 77