On This Day

On This Day in History for March 16

Events in History

  • 597 BC Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king
  • 1079 Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar
  • 1190 York Progrom: Jews living in York, England, besieged in Clifford's Tower and massacred or commit suicide rather than submit to baptism
  • 1249 The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany
  • 1322 The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence
  • 1345 Holy spirit glides above fire: "the miracle of Amsterdam" (legend)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1517 Pope Leo X signs 5th Council of Lateranen

Pope Leo X
Leo X

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1527 Battle of Khanua: Mughal Emperor Babur defeats Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga consolidating Mughal power

Founder of the Mughal Empire Babur
Founder of the Mughal Empire
  • 1621 Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1641 General court declares RI a democracy & adopts new constitution
  • 1660 English Long Parliament disbands
  • 1689 The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded. In 2004 it merged with the Royal Regiment of Wales to form the Royal Welsh Regiment.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1690 French King Louis XIV sends troops to Ireland

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1730 Willem Charles Henry Friso installed as viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1731 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.

AssassinationAssassination of King Gustav III

1792 King Gustav III of Sweden is shot by Count Jacob Johan Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29

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The masquerade costume worn by Gustav III when he was shot in the back by an assassin
The masquerade costume worn by Gustav III when he was shot in the back by an assassin
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  • 1802 US Army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)
  • 1802 1st US Military Academy at West Point is established through Congressional act (opened July 4, 1802)
  • 1815 Willem I proclaimed King of the Netherlands, including Belgium

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1818 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1827 First US newspaper, "Freedom's Journal" owned and operated by African Americans begins publishing in New York City
  • 1829 Ohio authorizes high school night classes
  • 1830 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • 1830 New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin, aboard HMS Beagle, anchors in the recently British-acquired Falklands Islands for the first time

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 Constitution of the Republic of Texas approved, legalises slavery

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1850 Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • 1861 Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861 Confederate government appoints commissioners to Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who is evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (US Civil War)

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • 1862 Battle at Pound Gap, Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • 1865 Battle of Averasboro North Carolina (1,500 casualties)
  • 1867 First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in "The Lancet"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • 1871 1st fertilizer law enacted

Treaty of InterestFirst Geneva Convention

1882 U.S. Senate ratifies the Geneva Convention of 1864, legitimatizing the International Red Cross and the American Red Cross

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Major European powers sign the first-ever Geneva Convention
Major European powers sign the first-ever Geneva Convention
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  • 1883 Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman graduate of a pharmacy college
  • 1896 Premiere of Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
  • 1900 Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur
  • 1910 Barney Oldfield uses a Benz to break the existing records at Daytona Beach Road Course (131.25mph)
  • 1912 American first lady Helen Herron Taft plants the 1st cherry tree in Washington, D.C.
  • 1915 British battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelles
  • 1915 Federal Trade Commission organizes
  • 1916 James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella" premieres in London
  • 1916 US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne [OS Mar 3]

  • 1918 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
  • 1920 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • 1921 Britain signs a trade agreement with the USSR and sends a trade mission to Moscow: this goes against the US, who in the same month refused to sign a trade agreement
  • 1922 Egypt achieves independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1922 WKY-AM in Oklahoma City OK begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime.

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

InventionHistoric Invention

1926 Robert H. Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, goes 184' (56 meters)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1929 WHP-AM in Harrisburg PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a national shrine
  • 1931 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Netherlands)

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1933 Adolf Hitler names Hjalmar Schacht as President of Bank of Germany

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 US Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
  • 1934 Academy Award gold statuette 1st called Oscar in print by Sidney Skolsky
  • 1935 Adolf Hitler orders German re-armament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles
  • 1938 Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • 1939 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Hungary annexes republic of Karpato-Ukraine
  • 1940 German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow
  • 1941 Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60
  • 1941 National Gallery of Art opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Ships Elin K (Norway) and Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed by German U-boats and sink
  • 1944 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason
  • 1945 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers
  • 1947 Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested
  • 1950 1st annual National Book Awards
  • 1952 1870 mm rain in Cilaos, Island of Reunion (world record)
  • 1955 Josephine Kroesen appointed as 1st Dutch female judge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 President Eisenhower upholds the use of atomic weapons in case of war

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1956 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1959 Iraq & USSR sign economic and technical treaty
  • 1962 1st launching of Titan 2-rocket
  • 1962 US Super-Constellation disappears above Pacific Ocean, kills 167

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 LBJ asks Congress to pass Economic Opportunity Act as part of his War on Poverty

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 Gemini 8 launched with Armstrong & Scott, aborted after 6.5 orbits
  • 1966 Man From Uncle star David McCallum receives huge welcome in London
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Station 333 (Radio Britain) ship breaks down
  • 1968 My Lai massacre occurs when American soldiers kill ~400 unarmed Vietnamese civilians, in one of the most controversial incidents of the Vietnam War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Robert F. Kennedy announces presidential campaign

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1968 General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado
  • 1969 Viasa DC-9 crashes at Maracaibo's Grano de Oro airport, killing 155
  • 1970 New English Bible published

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British PM Edward Heath to discuss the security situation in Northern Ireland

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
James Chichester-Clark

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1973 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Consortium members agree to nationalize all assets immediately in return for an assured 20-year supply of Iranian oil

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1973 OPEC discusses raising prices to offset decline of U.S. dollar value
  • 1975 US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 British Prime Minister Harold Wilson announces his resignation

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 US President Jimmy Carter pleads for a Palestinian homeland

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off French coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Red Brigade kidnaps former premier Aldo Moro in Italy, 5 killed

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Italian Prime Minister
Aldo Moro
  • 1978 Soyuz 26 returns to Earth
  • 1978 US Senate accepts Panama Canal treaty
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 Smallest crowd at Cleveland Coliseum (Cavs vs Nets-1,814)

Birthdays in History

  • 1338 Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (d. 1401)
  • 1445 Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (d. 1510)
  • 1473 Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (d. 1541)
  • 1581 Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch historian and writer (d. 1647)
  • 1585 Gerbrant A Bredero, Holland, poet/playwright (Klucht van de Koe)
  • 1631 René Le Bossu, French critic (d. 1680)
  • 1634 Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette, novelist
  • 1654 Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (d. 1704)
  • 1687 Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, queen consort in Prussia (d. 1757)
  • 1729 Georg W "Franz" Panzer, German vicar/librarian (Annales typographic)
  • 1739 George Clymer, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence, Constitution)
  • 1750 Caroline Herschel, German astronomer, (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigollet), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1848)

Person of interestJames Madison

1751 James Madison, 4th US President (1809-17), born in Port Conway, Virginia (d. 1836)

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1757 Bengt Lidner, Swedish poet (Medea, Yttersa Domen)
  • 1773 Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (d. 1836)

Person of interestMatthew Flinders

1774 Matthew Flinders, English navigator and cartographer who was 1st to circumnavigate Australia, born in Donington, England (d. 1814) [1]

Explorer and Cartographer Matthew Flinders
Explorer and Cartographer
Matthew Flinders
  • 1776 Johan G Verstolk van Soelen, Dutch minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1789 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1794 Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (d. 1881)

Person of interestAnna Atkins

1799 Anna Atkins, English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1871)

Botanist and Photographer Anna Atkins
Botanist and Photographer
Anna Atkins
  • 1800 Emperor Ninko of Japan (d. 1846)
  • 1802 George Archibald McCall, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)
  • 1805 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)
  • 1812 Henry Dwight Terry, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1869)
  • 1821 Ernest Feydeau, French author (Georges Feydeau)
  • 1822 John Pope, American Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1892)
  • 1822 Marie-Rosalie "Rosa" Bonheur, French animalière painter (The Horse Fair; Buffalo Bill), and sculptor, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1899)
  • 1832 Charles Camp Doolittle, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteer)
  • 1834 James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)
  • 1836 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor of the cable car, born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1839 René F Armand Sully-Prudhomme, French poet, 1st Nobel winner (1901)
  • 1840 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (d. 1931)
  • 1846 Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)
  • 1849 James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • 1851 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (1st to coin the name virus), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Napoléon IV, Prince Imperial, Head of the House of Bonaparte (1873-79), born in Paris, French Empire (d. 1879)
  • 1857 Charles Harding Firth, British historian (d. 1936)
  • 1859 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1869 F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)
  • 1873 Hippoliet Daeye, Flemish painter (Sereniteit)
  • 1878 Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
  • 1883 Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (d. 1958)
  • 1892 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian/French poet (Los Heraldos Negros)
  • 1901 Potti Sreeramulu, Indian revolutionary known as the Father of Andhra for conducting a 56 day hunger strike in support of a separate Telugu-speaking state, born in Nellore District, Madras, British India (d. 1952)
  • 1902 Lucie Rie, Austrian-born British potter, born in Vienna (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Mike Mansfield, American politician (Sen-D-Montana 1953-77) majority whip, born in New York City (d. 2001)
  • 1906 Francisco Ayala, Spanish writer, born in Granada, Spain (d. 2009)
  • 1910 Andrew Miller-Jones, British TV pioneer (Picture Page, Dressing Up), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Martijn Lijnema, boer/resistance fighter (WWII)
  • 1911 Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1911 Pierre Harmel, Belgian politician
  • 1912 Patricia Nixon [Thelma Catherine], Ely Nevada, 1st lady (1968-74)
  • 1916 Lloyd McBride, union president (United Steelworkers)
  • 1917 Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1918 Aldo E.van Eyck, Dutch architect (City Hall)
  • 1920 Traudl Junge, German secretary to Adolf Hitler, born in Munich (d. 2002)
  • 1920 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1920 Sid Fleischman, American author, and screenplay writer (The Whipping Boy; Blood Alley: The Abracadabra Kid), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1921 Anne Truitt [Anne Dean], American sculptor, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), born in Riyadh, Sultanate of Nejd (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Geoffrey Freeman Allen, railway writer
  • 1922 Harding Lemay, American writer (Another World), born in North Bangor, New York
  • 1925 Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (d. 2004)
  • 1926 Charles Goodell, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1927 Daniel Patrick Moynihan, US ambassador to UN/(Sen-D-NY, 1977- )
  • 1927 Vladimir Komarov, Soviet cosmonaut (Voshkod I, Soyuz 1) and the 1st human to die in a space flight, born in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Don Richard Carpenter, American writer (Hard Rain Falling), born in Berkeley, California (d. 1995)
  • 1932 Ronnie Walter Cunningham, Col USMC/astronaut (Apollo 7), born in Creston, Iowa
  • 1933 Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist
  • 1934 Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor-General of Canada (d. 2002)
  • 1937 Amos Tversky, Israeli cognitive and mathematical psychologist, born in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Carlos Bilardo, Argetinian football coach
  • 1940 Jan P. Pronk, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1940 Jan Schaefer, Dutch asst secretary of state (PvdA)
  • 1941 Robert Guéï, ruler of Côte d'Ivoire (d. 2002)
  • 1942 James Soong, Taiwanese politician
  • 1943 Ursula Goodenough, American biologicst, Evolutionary Scholar, author and educator, born in NYC, New York
  • 1948 Margaret [Edith] Weis, American sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning)
  • 1949 Bertha Knox Gilkey, welfare & tenament rights for urban women
  • 1952 Philippe Kahn, French-American entrepreneur
  • 1953 Richard Stallman, American free software activist
  • 1954 Colin Ireland, Kent, England, serial killer ('Gay Slayer'/ Coleherne killer), (d. 2012)
  • 1957 Pearl Moore, WBL guard (NY Stars)

Person of interestJorge Ramos

1958 Jorge Ramos, Mexican TV anchor, born in Mexico City

News Anchor Jorge Ramos
News Anchor
Jorge Ramos
  • 1958 Kate Worley, American comic book writer (Omaha the Cat Dancer), born in Belleville, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • 1959 Michael J Bloomfield, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 86), born in Flint, Michigan
  • 1959 Jens Stoltenberg, Norwegian politician and former Prime Minister of Norway (2000-1, 2005-13), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1963 Phung Vuong, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1965 Mark Carney, Canadian economist, Governor of the Bank of England, and Chairman of the G20's Financial Stability Board, born in Fort Smith, Canada
  • 1971 Greg Johnson, Canadian hockey center (Nashville Predators captain 2002-06), born in Thunder Bay, Ontario (d. 2019)
  • 1973 Zef Eisenberg, British ultra-speed racer (world's fastest motorbike on sand 201.5mph; fastest wheel powered vehicle 210.33mph) and founder Maximuscle, born in London, England (d. 2020)
  • 1977 Donal Óg Cusack, Irish hurler
  • 1979 Rashad Moore, National Football League player
  • 1991 Wolfgang Van Halen, son of Eddie Van Halan & Valerie Bertinelli

Weddings in History

  • 1661 Princess Henrietta of Orange-Nassau (16) weds Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans (20)

LoveWedding of Interest

1905 Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (30) weds Beatrice O'Brien

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

LoveWedding of Interest

1939 Princess Fawzia of Egypt (17) marries the Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (19)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1983 Producer Dick Wolf (36) divorces Susan Scranton after more than 13 years of marriage

Crime Drama TV Producer Dick Wolf
Crime Drama TV Producer
Dick Wolf

Deaths in History

  • 455 Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (425-55), assassinated at 35
  • 1021 Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III
  • 1037 Robert I, Archbishop of Rouen
  • 1072 Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen-Hamburg, dies
  • 1322 Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1276) dies in battle at Boroughbridge
  • 1410 John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (b. 1373)
  • 1485 Anne Neville, English queen, wife of Richard III of England, dies at 28
  • 1536 Ibrahim Pasha, grand-visier of Osmaanse Rich, murdered at about 45
  • 1559 Anthony St. Leger, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1496)
  • 1620 St. John Sarkander, Moravian priest, died of injuries caused by torturing
  • 1629 Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon, dies at 59
  • 1649 St. Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • 1679 John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)
  • 1721 James Craggs the Elder, English politician (b. 1657)
  • 1737 Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard University (b. 1670)
  • 1738 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden), dies at 72
  • 1747 Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, father of Catherine II of Russia (b. 1690)
  • 1804 Francisco marquis Albergati Capacelli, Italian playwright, dies at 75
  • 1838 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), dies at 64
  • 1841 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (Law of Biot & Savart), dies at 49
  • 1843 Anton R Falck, Dutch minister of Education/Colonies, dies at 65
  • 1864 Robert Smith Surtees, British novelist (Jorrocks’s Jaunts and Jollities), dies at 58
  • 1878 William Banting, English undertaker, dies
  • 1888 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman, dies at 86
  • 1890 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • 1892 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 64
  • 1893 William H. Illingworth, English-American photographer, dies at 48
  • 1898 Aubrey (Vincent) Beardsley, English illustrator (Salome), dies at 23
  • 1899 Joseph Medill, mayor of Chicago (b. 1823)
  • 1900 Frederic William Burton, Irish painter, dies at 83
  • 1903 Roy Bean, American jurist
  • 1909 George Thorndike Angell, American lawyer and advocate for the humane treatment of animals (ASPCA), dies at 85
  • 1914 Gaston Calmette, editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55
  • 1914 John Murray, piloted HMS Challenger to Christmas Island, dies
  • 1914 Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, dies at 70
  • 1926 Sergeant Stubby, decorated World War I dog
  • 1930 Miguel Primo de Riveray Orbaneja, Sp dictator (1923-30), dies at 60
  • 1933 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 47
  • 1935 John Macleod, Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), dies at 58
  • 1936 Marguerite Durand, French journalist and feminist (b. 1864)
  • 1937 J Austen Chamberlain, English Minister of Foreign Affairs (Nobel), dies at 73

Person of interestSelma Lagerlöf

1940 Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish writer and Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 81

Author and Nobel Laureate Selma Lagerlöf
Author and Nobel Laureate
Selma Lagerlöf
  • 1941 John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Challenger), dies at 73
  • 1945 Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • 1945 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • 1946 Marius HLW "Max" Blokzijl, Dutch Nazi propagandist, executed at 61
  • 1955 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1957 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavian MP (communist), dies at 67
  • 1957 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor, dies at 81
  • 1959 John B. Salling, second to last documented Civil War veteran, dies at 111
  • 1961 Chen Geng, Chinese military leader (b. 1903)
  • 1970 Arthur Adamov, Russian-French playwright (Paolo Paoli), dies at 61

Person of interestThomas E. Dewey

1971 Thomas E. Dewey, Governor of NY and Republican presidential candidate (1944, 1948), dies of a heart attack at 68

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1974 Daniel Frank Gerber, American manufacturer of baby food, dies at 75
  • 1975 Richard W. DeKorte, American politician (b. 1936)
  • 1979 Jean Monnet, French political economist and diplomat, dies at 90
  • 1980 Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (b. 1898)
  • 1983 Fred Rose, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
  • 1984 John Hoagland, American photographer (b. 1947)
  • 1985 Jean Purdy, British embryologist and nurse (pioneer in developing IVF), dies from melanoma at 39
  • 1991 7 members of Reba McIntire's band, killed in a plane crash
  • 1991 Jan H. van Roijen, Dutch ambassador to the U.S. and Netherlands Foreign Minister, dies at 85
  • 1992 Renzhong Weangn, China politician (1934-45), dies
  • 1992 Yves Rocard, French physicist (helped develop the atomic bomb for France), dies at 88
  • 1993 Djilalli Lyabes, Algerian minister of Higher Education, murdered
  • 1993 Giovanni Testori, Italian writer (Arialda), dies at 69
  • 1993 Mohammed Hussein Nagdi, Iran diplomat/resistance fighter, murdered
  • 1995 Simon Fraser [Shimi], Lord Lovat, 25th head of Clan Fraser, dies at 83
  • 1996 Olive Netta Parsons, co-founder (Collet's bookshop), dies at 104
  • 1996 Peter Clemoes, Anglo-Saxon scholar, dies at 76
  • 1998 Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel laureate, dies at 79
  • 1998 Esther Bubley, American photographer aged 77
  • 1998 Derek Barton, British organic chemist (Nobel 1969), dies at 79
  • 2000 Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima, dies at 81
  • 2003 Rachel Corrie, American political activist, killed while trying to block an Israeli armored bulldozer at 23
  • 2003 Ronald Ferguson, father of Sarah, Duchess of York, dies of cancer at 71
  • 2005 Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Allan Hendrickse, South African politician (b. 1927)
  • 2005 William Lehman, American politician, dies at 91
  • 2006 David Feintuch, American sci-fi author (b. 1944)
  • 2008 G. David Low, American astronaut (b. 1956)
  • 2011 Richard Wirthlin, American political strategist for Ronald Reagan, dies at 80