On This Day

On This Day in History for March 17

Events in History

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

45 BC In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda

Roman Military Commander and Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Statesman
Julius Caesar

RomanRoman Empire

180 Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius dies leaving his son Commodus aged 18 as sole emperor

Roman Emperor Commodus
Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius

Snakes Alive! It's St Patrick's DaySnakes Alive! It's St Patrick's Day

432 Saint Patrick, aged about 16 is captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland (traditional date)

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St Patrick depicted with the snakes that he drove into the sea
St Patrick depicted with the snakes that he drove into the sea
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  • 455 Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor
  • 1190 Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1337 Edward the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England

Prince of Wales Edward the Black Prince
Prince of Wales
Edward the Black Prince
  • 1452 Battle of Los Alporchones: forces of Kingdoms of Castile and Murcia defeat Emirate of Granada near Lorca, part of the Spanish Reconquista

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines

  • 1526 French King Francis I freed from Spain
  • 1537 French troops invade Flanders
  • 1580 Prince Willem of Orange welcomed in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1658 Pro-Charles II plot in England discovered

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1722 Willem KH Friso appointed mayor of Drente
  • 1756 St. Patrick's Day is first celebrated in NYC at the Crown & Thistle Tavern
  • 1757 Prince Mas Saïd of Mataram surrenders to Mangkubumi in Java
  • 1762 1st St Patrick's Day parade in NYC
  • 1775 Transylvania Land Company, headed by Richard Henderson, buys most of Kentucky through treaty signed with Cherokee chiefs at Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga River (later declared illegal)
  • 1776 British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • 1800 British warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
  • 1804 Friedrich Schiller's play "Wilhelm Tell" premieres
  • 1824 Britain & Netherlands sign a trade agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829 Final performance by famous clown Joseph Grimaldi at a benefit performance at Sadler's Wells, London

Greatest Clown in History Joseph Grimaldi
Greatest Clown in History
Joseph Grimaldi
  • 1833 Phoenix Society forms (NY)
  • 1842 Treaty of 1842: Wyandotte (Huron) Indian nation cedes 114,000 acres of land in Ohio and Michigan to US, in exchange for 148,000 acres west of the Mississippi [1] [2]
  • 1845 Bristol man Henry Jones patents self-raising flour
  • 1845 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 1854 1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Massachusetts

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1860 Six years after the forcible ending of Japan's isolationist policy by US Navy Commodore Matthew C. Perry, the Japanese Embassy arrives in San Francisco to sign a Treaty of Friendship

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1863 Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia with 211 causalities
  • 1868 Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
  • 1870 Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • 1871 National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • 1876 General Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux Indian camps
  • 1884 John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight at Otay, California
  • 1886 Carrollton Massacre (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed
  • 1891 British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • 1894 US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 John Philip Holland achieves successful test run for the first modern submarine off Staten Island, submerging for 1 hour 40 minutes

  • 1899 Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die
  • 1900 In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
  • 1901 Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Albert Einstein finishes his scientific paper detailing his Quantum Theory of Light, one of the foundations of modern physics

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1906 The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio
  • 1912 Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
  • 1913 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • 1917 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St Louis
  • 1917 Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School

MurderMurder of Interest

1917 Albert Anastasia is convicted of murdering longshoreman George Turino

  • 1918 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • 1918 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • 1919 Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
  • 1921 Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Lenin proclaims New Economic Politics

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)
  • 1921 The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Eugene O'Neill's "Welded" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1924 Netherlands & USSR begin talks over USSR recognition
  • 1924 Sweden & USSR exchange diplomats
  • 1926 Dutch Calvinists oust Rev J G Geelkerken over Genesis 3
  • 1926 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
  • 1927 US government doesn't sign League of Nations disarmament treaty
  • 1929 General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel
  • 1929 Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid
  • 1930 Construction begins of the Empire State Building, the world's 1st skyscraper of 100+ stories, on 5th Avenue in New York City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 German police raid Adolf Hitler's Nazi headquarters

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1934 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1935 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR

PlaneItalian Air Force Bombs Barcelona

1938 The Italian Air Force, in support of Francisco Franco, bombs Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War

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The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
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  • 1939 Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out (Sino-Japanese War 1937-1945)
  • 1942 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1943 Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
  • 1943 F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, in the Netherlands
  • 1944 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts after months of volcanic unrest, destroying several towns near the volcano
  • 1945 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Arnold J. Toynbee appears on the front cover of Time magazine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Belgian government of Gaston Eyskens resigns due to constitutional crisis

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • 1950 Element 98 (Californium) announced
  • 1951 Government of Drees takes power
  • 1953 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 Dutch ban on Sunday driving lifted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Presidential plane crashes on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu, Philippines killing 25 including Filipino President Ramon Magsaysay

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • 1958 US Navy launches Vanguard 1 into orbit (2nd US), measures Earth shape
  • 1959 Australia & USSR restore diplomatic relations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 US President Eisenhower forms anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1961 NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
  • 1961 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Jaguar head William Lyons debuts the first E-Type model at the Geneva International Motor Show, creating a sensation

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • 1963 Elizabeth Ann Seton of NY beatified (canonized in 1975)
  • 1963 Eruptions of Mount Agung on Bali, kills 1,900 Balinese
  • 1966 South Africa's government bans Defense & Aid Fund
  • 1966 US submarine locates missing hydrogen bomb on the Mediterranean sea floor
  • 1968 2-tiered gold price negotiated in Washington, D.C. by US & 6 European nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Golda Meir becomes Israel's 4th Prime Minister, the first and only female to hold the office

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • 1970 US casts their 1st UN Security Council veto (Support England)
  • 1971 Government of Trygve Bratteli takes office in Norway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Ringo Starr releases "Back off Bugaloo" in UK

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr

Birthdays in History

  • 1231 Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1473 James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)
  • 1537 Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese daimyō & warrior (Japan's second "great unifier"), born in Nakamura-ku, Japan (d. 1598)
  • 1578 Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Mary's Ascension)
  • 1628 Daniel van Papenbroeck [Papebrochius], Flemish historian
  • 1676 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
  • 1685 Jean-Marc Nattier, French portrait painter
  • 1695 Antoine Court, French minister and itinerant preacher in the Reformed church who restored Protestantism to France, born in Villeneuve-de-Berg, France (d. 1760)
  • 1725 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
  • 1754 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), born in Paris, France (d. 1793)
  • 1775 Ninian Edwards, American politician (Governor of Illinois Territory, 1809–1813; U.S. Senator from Illinois, 1818–1824; Governor of Illinois 1826–1830), born in Montgomery County, Maryland (d. 1833)
  • 1777 Roger Brooke Taney, 5th Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court (Dred Scott decision), born in Calvert, Maryland (d. 1864)
  • 1780 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister and 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47), born in Anstruther, Scotland (d. 1847)
  • 1781 Dominique J de Eerens, governor-general of Neth Indies
  • 1781 Ebenezer Elliott, British Poet. Know as the "Corn Law Rhymer'" (d. 1849)
  • 1804 James Bridger, American scout, fur trader and mountain man par excellence, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1881)
  • 1806 Norbert Rillieux, American chemical engineer and inventor (sugar refiner), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1894)
  • 1820 Patrick Edward Connor, Irish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland (d. 1891)
  • 1820 Jean Ingelow, English poet (d. 1897)
  • 1825 Rodolphe Bresdin, French cartoonist/lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
  • 1826 Oskar Peschel, German journalist/geography (Volkerkunder)
  • 1828 Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1832 Moncure Daniel Conway, US abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
  • 1832 Walter Quintin Gresham, American statesman, jurist, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lanesville, Indiana (d. 1895)

Person of interestGottlieb Daimler

1834 Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and inventor, designed 1st motorcycle, born in Schorndorf, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1900)

Engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler
Engineer and inventor
Gottlieb Daimler
  • 1846 Kate Greenaway, English artist known for her children's book illustrations (Under the Window), born in London (d. 1901)
  • 1856 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1862 Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist (d. 1930)
  • 1866 Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)
  • 1870 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • 1873 Margaret Bondfield, British politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (1929-31), born in Chard, Somerset (d. 1953)
  • 1874 Stephen Samuel Wise, American Rabbi and President of Zionist Org of America, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1949)
  • 1877 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
  • 1880 Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
  • 1880 Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
  • 1881 Kristian Elster, Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
  • 1881 Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1883 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1886 Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
  • 1887 Ben Sajet, Dutch physician/politician
  • 1888 Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • 1894 Paul Green, American novelist/playwright (In Abraham's Bosom)
  • 1897 Jozef C. Mazur, American stained glass artist and painter (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Eisaku Sato, premier of Japan (Nobel 1974)
  • 1906 Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], German actress (Gloria, Gold, Metropolis), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1907 Jan M J van Houtte, premier Belgium (1952-54)
  • 1908 Boris N Poveloi [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [OS=Mar 4]
  • 1909 Patrick Reilly, Ootacamund, India, British diplomat

Person of interestBayard Rustin

1910 Bayard Rustin, American civil rights leader (March on Washington organizer, Social Democrats USA), born in West Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)

Civil Rights Activist Bayard Rustin
Civil Rights Activist
Bayard Rustin
  • 1911 Patrick Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale, Scottish Unionist politician
  • 1915 Hans Namuth, German/US photographer (Todos Santos, Guatemala)
  • 1915 Henry Bumstead, American art director (d. 2006)
  • 1916 David Stafford-Clark, English psychiatrist, born in Bromley, Kent, England (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral, Fleet Air Arm pilot of the WWII
  • 1917 Arthur Basil Cotle, medievalist
  • 1918 Wilhelmus M J Russell, Dutch attorney and Member of 1st chamber (KVP/CDA)
  • 1918 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, born in Kozice Górne, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1963)
  • 1921 Donald Barron, Scottish accountant and CEO (Midland Bank), born in Gorebridge, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Megan Bull, British head mistress (Holloway Jail)

Person of interestSheikh Mujibur Rahman

1922 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Founding father of Bangladesh and 1st and 4th President of Bangladesh (1971-72 and 1975-76), born in Tungipara, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1975)

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1925 Jerome Lejeune, physiologist
  • 1926 Siegfried Lenz, German writer (Ein Kriegsende)
  • 1927 Nancy Sheehan, writer
  • 1927 Roberto Suazo Córdova, President of Honduras (1982-86), born in La Paz, Honduras (d. 2018)
  • 1928 William John McKeag, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1930 James Benson Irwin, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 15), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1931 David Peakall, British scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1932 Donald N. Langenberg, American physicist
  • 1933 Penelope Lively, British writer (Moon Tiger, The Ghost of Thomas Kempe), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1933 Myrlie Evers-Williams, American civil rights activist (NAACP chair), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 1936 Ken Mattingly, American USN naval officer, and NASA astronaut (Apollo 16; STS-4, -51-C), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1936 Robert Daniel, republican Congressman for Virginia (1972-1983), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Frank Calabrese [Frankie Breeze], mafia hitman, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Keith O'Brien, Scottish Catholic archbishop (St Andrews & Edinburgh), born in Ballycastle, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
  • 1939 Jim Gary, American sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1940 Mark White, American politician, lawyer, and 43rd Governor of Texas (1983-7), born in Henderson, Texas (d. 2017)
  • 1941 Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese politician

Person of interestJohn Wayne Gacy

1942 John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer who killed 33 young men, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1994)

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • 1942 Sidney K Barthelmy, US politician(?)
  • 1945 Michael Hayden, General USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1947 James Morrow, American author
  • 1947 Jan Andersson, Swedish politician
  • 1948 Pat Lloyd, rocker (The Equals), born in London
  • 1948 Robert Braunwart, who added thousands of dates to this database
  • 1948 William [Ford] Gibson, Canadian sci-fi author (Neuromancer, Count Zero)
  • 1948 Alexander Nelson Hood, 4th Viscount Bridport, British-born investment banker
  • 1950 Betty Dukes, American Walmart employee who fought against gender discrimination (2001 Betty Dukes v. Walmart lawsuit), born in Tallulah, Louisiana
  • 1951 Donald Findlay, Scottish lawyer
  • 1953 Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)
  • 1955 Cynthia McKinney, (Rep-D-Georgia)
  • 1956 Patrick McDonnell, American cartoonist
  • 1962 Ank Bijleveld-Schouten, Dutch politician
  • 1967 Barry Minkow, American religious leader and ex-convict (fraud)
  • 1969 [Lee] Alexander McQueen, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 2010)
  • 1983 Martin Shkreli, American businessman (Pharma), former hedge fund manager and convicted felon, born in Brooklyn, New York

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1905 Eleanor Roosevelt (20) marries Franklin D. Roosevelt (23) later 32nd US President in New York, & given away by her uncle, 26th President Theodore Roosevelt

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

LoveWedding of Interest

1967 Novelist Alice Walker (23) weds civil rights lawyer Melvyn Leventhal in New York City

Novelist Alice Walker
Alice Walker
  • 2006 Publicist Lizzie Grubman (35) weds Chris Stern in New York

Deaths in History

  • 45 BC Titus Labienus, Roman leader

Person of interestMarcus Aurelius

180 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180AD), dies at 58

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius
  • 461 Saint Patrick, Patron saint of Ireland, dies in Saul (according to legend)
  • 659 Gertrude of Nivelles, Belgian abbess, patron saint of travellers, dies at about 32
  • 1040 Harold Harefoot (Harold I), King of England (1035-40), dies
  • 1058 King Lulach I of Scotland
  • 1199 Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow
  • 1272 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)
  • 1425 Ashikaga Yoshikazu, 5th Japanese shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate, dies at 17
  • 1516 Giuliano de' Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at 37
  • 1565 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, dies at 64
  • 1588 Petrus Dathenus, Flemish minister/physician (Psalms of David), dies
  • 1605 Pieter Bast [Bastius], Dutch engraver/cartographer, dies at about 34
  • 1640 Philip Massinger, dramatist, dies
  • 1649 Gerardus Johannis Vossius [Gerrit Vos], Dutch regent, dies at 71
  • 1649 Gabriel Lallemant, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1610)
  • 1653 Johan van Galen, admiral (battle of Livorno), dies in battle at 48
  • 1680 François VI, duc de La Rochefoucauld, French writer of maxims and memoirs, dies at 66
  • 1704 Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63
  • 1713 Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)
  • 1715 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, dies at 71
  • 1741 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (b. 1671)
  • 1764 George Parker, English astronomer, dies
  • 1782 Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and physicist (10 time French award), dies at 82
  • 1796 Pieter Paulus, Dutch Patriot and President of the First National Assembly in The Hague, dies of a serious cold at 42
  • 1806 David Dale, industrialist & philanthropist, dies
  • 1830 Laurent, 1st Marquis of Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal, dies at 65
  • 1846 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1849 William II, King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Duke of Limburg, dies at 56
  • 1860 Anna Brownell Jameson, Anglo-Irish historian and writer (Loves of the Poets), dies at 65
  • 1863 John Pelham, U.S. Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • 1864 Alexandre Calamo, Swiss painter, etcher and lithographer, dies at 53
  • 1889 Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch poet (Dietsche Warande), dies at 68
  • 1891 Napoléon JKP Bonaparte, French prince and member of National Convention, dies at 68
  • 1893 Jules Ferry, French statesman, dies at 60
  • 1898 Blanche Kelso Bruce, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881), dies at 57, in Washington
  • 1901 Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69
  • 1906 Carlos Calvo, Argentina diplomat (Calvo Clause), dies at 82
  • 1912 Lawrence "Titus" Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), sacrifices himself during the Terra Nova Expedition at 32
  • 1913 Richard Montgomery Gano, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 82
  • 1915 Walter Crane, English painter, cartoonist and illustrator (The Lady of Shalott), dies at 69
  • 1926 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, dies at 72
  • 1941 Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle
  • 1946 Dai Li, Chinese spymaster (b. 1897)
  • 1949 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1950 Adolf Meyer, American psychiatrist and neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene), dies at 83
  • 1954 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor, dies at 88

Person of interestIrene Joliot-Curie

1956 Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel laureate 1935) and daughter of Marie Curie, dies at 58

Physicist and Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist and Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • 1961 Susanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader, dies at 101
  • 1962 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian integral geometer, dies at 76
  • 1965 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, dies at 69
  • 1967 Frank Wisbar, director (Fireside Theater), dies at 67
  • 1970 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Chaud et Frois), dies at 83
  • 1971 Ernst Bachmeister, writer, dies
  • 1974 [Robert] Carroll Nye, American actor (Gone with the Wind), dies at 72
  • 1974 Louis Kahn, Estonian born American architect (Salk Institute), dies at 73
  • 1976 Luchino Visconti, Italian director (The Leopard, Death in Venice), dies at 69
  • 1982 Hans ter Laag, Dutch sound technician, murdered in El Salvador
  • 1982 Jan Kuiper, Dutch news editor (IKON), murdered in El Salvador
  • 1982 Joop Willemsen, Dutch cameraman, murdered in El Salvador
  • 1983 Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1986 John Bagot Glubb, British commandant and writer (A soldier with the Arabs), dies at 88
  • 1987 Santo Trafficante, Jr., American gangster (b. 1914)
  • 1992 George Lovi, American columnist (Sky & Telescope's "Ramblings"), dies
  • 1993 Laadi Flici, Algerian MP, murdered
  • 1993 Charlotte Hughes, British supercentenarian (lived under the rule of 6 monarchs and 24 British Prime Ministers), dies at 115
  • 1994 Arthur C. Jacobs, Scottish poet, dies at 57
  • 1994 Walter Janka, German writer (Troubles with Truth), dies at 79
  • 1994 Charlotte Auerbach, German-Born British geneticist and zoologist, dies at 94
  • 1995 Ahmad Khomeini, youngest son of Iran ayatollah Khomeini, dies at 48
  • 1995 Marcus Jan Adriani, biologist and director (Weevers' Duin), dies at 56
  • 1995 Ronnie Kray, English gangster (The Firm), dies at 61
  • 1996 Bela Szigeti, Hungarian theoretical physicist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Thomas Enders, diplomat, dies at 64
  • 2002 Pat Weaver, American broadcast executive (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Luise Rinser, German writer (Prison Journal), dies at 90
  • 2003 Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (b. 1902)
  • 2005 George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)
  • 2005 Andre Norton, American writer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (for Jackie Kennedy), dies at 92
  • 2007 John Backus, American computer scientist and inventor (FORTRAN computer language), dies at 82
  • 2007 Jim Cronin, Animal welfare campaigner and founder of Monkey World in Dorset, England. (b. 1951)
  • 2008 Roland Arnall, American businessman and U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, dies at 68
  • 2010 Robert Michael White, American test pilot (X-15), dies at 85
  • 2010 Sid Fleischman, American author, and screenplay writer (The Whipping Boy; Blood Alley: The Abracadabra Kid), dies at 90
  • 2012 John Demjanjuk, convicted Nazi war criminal, dies from natural causes at 91
  • 2012 Pope Shenouda III, Egyptian Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, dies from prostate cancer at 88
  • 2012 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, dies from natural causes at 88
  • 2013 Jan van Houwelingen, Dutch politician (Undersecretary of Defense (CDA), dies at 73
  • 2014 L'Wren Scott [Laura Bambrough], American fashion designer and partner of Mick Jagger, commits suicide at 49
  • 2016 Paul Daniels, British magician (The Paul Daniels Magic Show), dies at 77
  • 2017 Derek Walcott, Caribbean poet (Omeros), Nobel Prize for Literature 1992, dies at 87
  • 2021 John Magufuli, Tanzanian politician, President of Tanzania (2015-2021) dies in office at 61