On This Day

On This Day in History for March 18

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

37 Roman Senate annuls Tiberius' will and proclaims Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (aka Caligula = Little Boots) emperor

3rd Roman Emperor Caligula
3rd Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Tiberius
Roman Emperor
  • 417 Saint Zosimus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 731 St Gregory III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 978 Edward the Martyr, the teenage King of England, is murdered, possibly arranged by his stepmother Queen Ælfthryth, by Corfe Castle
  • 1123 1st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome, agreements of the Concordat of Worms ratified
  • 1167 Battle of El-Babein, Egypt: Franks under Amalrik vs Syrians
  • 1184 Battle of Ichi-no-Tani near Kobe, Japan
  • 1190 Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St Edmunds, England
  • 1229 Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II crowns himself King of Jerusalem
  • 1241 Kraków is ravaged by Mongols
  • 1314 Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France
  • 1325 According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date on an island in what was then Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico
  • 1438 Albrecht II of Habsburg becomes king of Germany
  • 1509 Emperor Maximilian I names Margaretha land guardians of Netherlands
  • 1532 English parliament bans payments by English church to Rome
  • 1582 Prince William of Orange injured in attack at Antwerp
  • 1583 Dutch States General & Anjou sign treaty
  • 1608 Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia

The First People To Hop On A BusThe First People To Hop On A Bus

1662 First public bus service begins, promoted by Blaise Pascal, operates in Paris as the "Carosses a Cinq Sous" until 1675

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The thinker: Blaise Pascal becomes lost in thought
The thinker: Blaise Pascal becomes lost in thought
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  • 1673 Lord Berkley sells his half of New Jersey to the Quakers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1754 Thomas Pelham-Holles becomes British Prime Minister on the death of his brother Henry Pelham

British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • 1766 Britain repeals the Stamp Act, which had caused outrage in colonial America and helped lead to the American Revolution
  • 1773 Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer" premieres in London

InventionScientific Discovery

1781 Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • 1793 Second Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beats France
  • 1793 The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann
  • 1813 David Melville, Newport, Rhode Island, patents apparatus for making coal gas
  • 1818 US Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
  • 1834 1st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Pennsylvania (275 m long)
  • 1834 Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union
  • 1847 1st Dutch public telegram
  • 1850 Henry Wells & William Fargo form American Express in Buffalo
  • 1858 Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
  • 1859 Vera Cruz besieged by Miramon (Cons) in Mexican War of Reform
  • 1865 Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, Alabama
  • 1865 Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
  • 1870 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
  • 1871 Communards revolt in Paris
  • 1874 Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 US President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C.

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1878 City of Anaheim in California incorporates for the 2nd time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Barnum & Bailey Circus, traveling as "The Greatest Show on Earth", debuts at Madison Square Garden in New York City following the merger of two existing circus groups [1]

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman James Anthony Bailey
Circus Showman and Businessman
James Anthony Bailey
  • 1882 Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone
  • 1890 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck resigns after 19 years after disagreement with German Emperor Wilhelm II

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1891 Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
  • 1895 200 African Americans leave Savannah, Georgia for Liberia
  • 1899 Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering
  • 1900 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
  • 1902 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • 1903 Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders
  • 1909 Einar Dessau of Denmark makes 1st ham broadcast
  • 1909 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • 1910 Frederick Converse's opera "The Pipe of Desire" is the first American opera to be performed at the Metropolitan Opera, NYC
  • 1911 North Dakota enacts a hail insurance law
  • 1913 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki
  • 1914 White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen, China
  • 1915 Failed British attack in Dardanelles
  • 1915 French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
  • 1918 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • 1919 Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1920 Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1921 2nd Peace of Riga, Poland enlarged
  • 1921 Steamer "Hong Koh" runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000
  • 1922 1st intercollegiate indoor polo championship (Princeton vs Yale)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1922 WBT-AM in Charlotte NC begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City.
  • 1925 (8) 60-MPH tornadoes speed Mo, In, Il, Ky, & Tn kills 689
  • 1931 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • 1931 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • 1933 Radio Clube de Mocambique's 1st radio transmission
  • 1937 Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas: 294 die
  • 1937 The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • 1938 NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
  • 1938 President Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1940 Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler meet at Brenner Pass where the Italian dictator agrees he will, in due course, join Germany's impending war effort in the west

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9102, creating the War Relocation Authority, which was charged with overseeing the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Ships James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Netherlands), torpedoed & sink
  • 1943 Red Army evacuates Belgorod
  • 1944 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • 1945 US Army Air Force completes largest bombing raid on Berlin Germany: Over 1200 bombers drop 3,000 tons of explosives [1]
  • 1945 US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kyushu, Japan
  • 1948 France & Great Britain & Benelux sign Treaty of Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1950 CCNY beats Bradley 69-61 for the NIT championship
  • 1952 1st plastic lens for cataract patients fitted (Philadelphia)
  • 1953 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Yenice–Gönen in western Turkey, 1070 die
  • 1955 Ichirō Hatojama recognized as premier of Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1962 Algerian War ends after 7½ yrs (250,000 die), Ben Bella flees
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria
  • 1965 Poppin' Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy introduced
  • 1965 USSR launches Voshkod 2

Soviet Union1st Person to Walk in Space

1965 Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space

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Soviet cosmonaut Alexey Leonov conducts the first spacewalk during the Voshkod 2 mission
Soviet cosmonaut Alexey Leonov conducts the first spacewalk during the Voshkod 2 mission
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  • 1965 A truck loses control down Moosic Street, Scranton, Pennsylvania, killing the driver. This accident later inspired the 1974 Harry Chapin song, "30,000 Pounds of Bananas."

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 General Suharto forms government in Indonesia

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
  • 1966 Scott Paper begins selling paper dresses for $1
  • 1967 Oil tanker Torrey Canyon hits a rock off Cornwall & spills oil

Birthdays in History

  • 1075 Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari, Muslim scholar of Persian origin, born in Zamakhshar, Khwarezmia (d. 1144)
  • 1380 Lidwina, Dutch mystic (Christ's Bride) and saint, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1433)
  • 1395 John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader during the Hundred Years' War, born in Dartington, Devonshire, England (d. 1447)
  • 1496 Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
  • 1548 Cornelis Ketel, Dutch portrait painter/poet
  • 1556 Francois of Valois, French duke of Anjou, youngest son of French King Henry II and Catherine de' Medici, Duke of Brabant, (d. 1584)
  • 1578 Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, baptized
  • 1590 Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
  • 1602 Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)
  • 1603 Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)
  • 1609 Frederick III, King of Denmark and Norway (1648-70), born in Haderslev, Denmark (d. 1670)
  • 1640 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
  • 1679 Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
  • 1685 Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • 1690 Christian Goldbach, German mathematician (Goldbach position)
  • 1701 Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
  • 1765 David H Chasse, Dutch baron/general (fought Napoleon at Waterloo)
  • 1780 Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)

Person of interestJohn C. Calhoun

1782 John C. Calhoun, Andrew Jackson's Vice President (1825-32), born in Abbeville, South Carolina (d. 1850)

US Vice President John C. Calhoun
US Vice President
John C. Calhoun
  • 1813 Friedrich Hebbel, writer
  • 1828 William Randal Cremer, English politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1908)
  • 1829 William R Boggs, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and chief of engineers, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1911)
  • 1830 Numa D Fustel de Coulanges, French historian/sociologist

Person of interestGrover Cleveland

1837 Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US President (1885-89, 1893-97), born in Caldwell, New Jersey (d. 1908)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1838 Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter
  • 1838 Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1839 Francis Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1906)
  • 1840 William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
  • 1842 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • 1843 Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom, premier of Belgium (1899)
  • 1848 Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)

Person of interestRudolf Diesel

1858 Rudolf Diesel, French-born German engineer (invented the diesel engine), born in Paris, France (disappeared 1913)

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • 1864 Karl M Lybeck, Finnish/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • 1866 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • 1867 Michael G de Boer, historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)

Person of interestNeville Chamberlain

1869 [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1874 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1877 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)

Person of interestCluny MacPherson

1879 Cluny MacPherson, Canadian doctor and inventor of the gas mask, born in St. John's, Newfoundland (d. 1966)

  • 1884 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Kurt Koffka, German Gestalt psychologist
  • 1886 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, Dutch author (Between Heaven & Earth)
  • 1888 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
  • 1889 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • 1890 Gerardus van der Leeuw, Dutch religion historian/minister of Education
  • 1892 Robert P.T. Coffin, American poet ("Strange Holiness", Pulitzer Prize, 1936), writer, and editor (Yankee Magazine), born in Brunswick, Maine (d. 1955)
  • 1893 Wilfred Owen, English soldier & anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth, Futility), born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England (d. 1918)
  • 1898 Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
  • 1901 William H. Johnson, African-American artist of the Harlem Renaissance (d. 1970)
  • 1904 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1905 Mollie Parnis, American fashion designer (Mollie Roberts Collection), born in NYC, New York
  • 1905 Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
  • 1906 Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)
  • 1909 Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
  • 1910 Chiang Ching-huo, son of Chinese president Chiang Kai-shek/President (1978-88)
  • 1913 Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/Rhine
  • 1913 William Hutchinson Murray, Scottish mountaineer and author, born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Reinhard Hardegen, German U-Boat commander
  • 1914 James Pack, naval officer museum curator
  • 1915 Richard Condon, American author (The Manchurian Candidate), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
  • 1922 Egon Bahr, German journalist/politician, born in Treffurt, Thuringia (d. 2015)

Person of interestFred Shuttlesworth

1922 Fred Shuttlesworth, American civil rights activist, born in Mount Meigs, Alabama (d. 2011)

Civil Rights Activist Fred Shuttlesworth
Civil Rights Activist
Fred Shuttlesworth
  • 1925 James Pickles, English judge and columnist, born in Halifax, West Yorkshire (d. 2010)
  • 1927 Lillian Vernon, founder and CEO of the Lillian Vernon Corporation (first company listed on US stock exchange started by a woman), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Fidel V. Ramos, Filipino general and 12th President of the Philippines (1992-98), born in Lingayen, Pangasinan, Philippines
  • 1928 Julia Mullock, Princess of Korea
  • 1929 Christa Wolf, German novelist (Divided Heaven)
  • 1929 John Macurdy, American bass
  • 1931 Howard Coble, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1985-2015), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Jürgen Schadeberg, German-born South African photographer who photographed apartheid struggle, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2020)

Person of interestF. W. de Klerk

1932 F. W. de Klerk, South African President (1989-94) and winner of the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize with Nelson Mandela, born in Johannesburg, Transvaal Province, South Africa

South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk
  • 1932 John Updike, Shillington Pa, poet/novelist (Rabbit Run)
  • 1933 Unita Blackwell, 1st African American mayor in Mississippi
  • 1935 Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician
  • 1936 Hans Peter Bleuel, German writer (Sex and Society In Nazi Germany), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1938 Kenny Lynch, British entertainer, born in London
  • 1941 Wolfgang Bauer, writer
  • 1941 John W. Derr, American politician
  • 1944 Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman
  • 1944 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)
  • 1945 Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer (Asakusa Portraits) , born in Daigo, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan (d. 2020)
  • 1946 Michael Reagan, talk show host, and son of Ronald and Nancy Reagan
  • 1947 Steven H Schiff, (Rep-R-New Mexico)
  • 1947 Roger Kenneth Evans, English politician
  • 1948 Lockwood Phillips, American radio host
  • 1950 Richard Kretchmer, English artist and historian
  • 1951 Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1953 Helmer C Koetje, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA)
  • 1953 Margaret L. Augustine, project manager (Biosphere 2), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1954 James F Reilly II, Mt Home AFB Idaho, PhD/astronaut (STS 89, sk:100)
  • 1955 Francis Slay, American politician, Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri (2001-17), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1956 Deborah Jeane Palfrey, American escort owner, born in Charleroi, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • 1957 Christer Fuglesang, physicist/astronaut (Mir backup), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1959 Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director
  • 1961 Mark Van Thillo, Wilrijk Belgium, co-capt (Biosphere 2)
  • 1966 Daniel S. Nevins, American rabbi
  • 1966 Peter Jones, British entrepreneur and businessman (Dragons' Den, American Inventor), born in Maidenhead, Berkshire
  • 1967 Ken Edenfield, American basenall player

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1869 US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman

LoveWedding of Interest

1991 Apple computer head Steve Jobs weds Laurene Powell

Apple Co-founder Steve Jobs
Apple Co-founder
Steve Jobs
  • 1995 Spanish princess Elena (31) weds Jaime de Marichalar y Saenez Tejada (31) at the Seville Cathedral in Seville, Spain

Deaths in History

  • 235 Marcus Aurelius Alexander, Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), murdered
  • 978 Edward, the Martyr, King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78) and saint, murdered at 15
  • 1227 Honorius III [Cencio Savelli], Pope (1216-27), dies
  • 1314 Jacques de Molay, French last Grand Master of The Knights Templar, dies burned at the stake aged 70 or 71
  • 1493 John of Lannoy, Flemish governor/viceroy of Neth/Zealand, dies at 82
  • 1582 Jean Jaurequi, Basque attacker of William of Orange, killed by William's guards
  • 1583 King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
  • 1675 Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1689 John Dixwell, English judge (b. 1607)
  • 1690 Charles, duke of Lutherans, dies
  • 1696 Robert Charnock, English conspirator

Person of interestRobert Walpole

1745 Robert Walpole, 1st British Prime Minister (Whig: 1721-42), dies at 68

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • 1746 Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
  • 1768 Lawrence Sterne, writer (Sentimental Journey France & Italy), dies
  • 1781 Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)
  • 1835 Christian Gunther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat, dies at 65
  • 1845 Johnny Appleseed [John Chapman], American pioneer nurseryman (introduced apple trees to Pennsylvania, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois), dies at 70
  • 1871 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • 1876 Ferdinand Freiligrath, German poet and translator, dies at 65
  • 1886 Leopold Zunz, German Jewish scholar (Science of Judaism), dies at 91
  • 1898 Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
  • 1899 Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails, trains), dies at 76
  • 1899 Svetolik Ranković, Serbian writer (Crushed Ideals), dies at 35
  • 1900 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (Só), dies at 32
  • 1907 Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (Thomsen–Berthelot principle of thermochemistry), dies at 79
  • 1913 George I, king of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
  • 1928 Paul van Ostaijen, Flemish writer (Outlawed), dies at 32
  • 1933 Luigi A duke of the Abruzzi, Italian explorer (Ruwenzori), dies at 60

Person of interestEleftherios Venizelos

1936 Eleftherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece (1910-15, 1917-20, 1924, 1928-32, 1933), dies of a stroke at 71

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • 1937 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, dies at 73
  • 1939 Henry Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader, dies at 79
  • 1947 William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (General Motors), dies at 85
  • 1956 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Hilde-Gudrun), dies at 85
  • 1956 Louis Bromfield, writer, dies at 59
  • 1962 Walter W. Bacon, Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)

Person of interestNorbert Wiener

1964 Norbert Wiener, American mathematician who founded cybernetics, dies of a heart attack at 69

Mathematician Norbert Wiener
Norbert Wiener
  • 1965 Farouk I, last King of Egypt (1936-52), dies at 45
  • 1975 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (Né à Québec: Louis Jolliet), dies at 74
  • 1976 James McCartney, father of Paul McCartney, dies at 73
  • 1976 Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893)
  • 1977 Marien Ngouabi, president of Congo-Brazzaville, murdered
  • 1978 Faith Baldwin, American author (They Who Love), dies at 84
  • 1980 Erich Fromm, German/US psychoanalyst, dies at 79
  • 1980 Ludwig Guttmann, German-British neurologist, founder of the Stoke Mandeville Games (now the Paralympics), dies at 80
  • 1983 Umberto of Piemonte, King Umberto II of Italy (1946) and Italy's last king dies in exile aged 78
  • 1983 Kenneth E. Boulding, English economist (b. 1910)
  • 1983 Robert F. Bradford, American politician (57th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 80
  • 1986 Bernard Malamud, American novelist (The Fixer, The Natural, Pulitzer 1967), dies at 71
  • 1987 Bil Baird, puppeteer (Jack Paar Show), dies at 82
  • 1989 Harold Jeffreys, English mathematician (Theory of Probability) and geophysicist, dies at 97
  • 1992 Cornelis Bastiaan Vaandrager, Dutch writer & poet (Giant of Rotterdam), dies at 56
  • 1993 Robert A. Rushworth, American test pilot (X-15), dies at 68
  • 1995 Frederic Ramsey Jr, folklorist/author, dies at 80
  • 1996 Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet (Nobel Prize 1979) dies at 84
  • 1996 Jacquetta Hawkes, English archaeologist, dies at 85
  • 1999 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator, dies at 93
  • 2000 Eberhard Bethge, German theologian (b. 1909)
  • 2002 R. A. Lafferty, American sci-fi writer (Devil is Dead), dies at 87
  • 2003 Adam Osborne, British computer pioneer (b. 1939)
  • 2004 Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman (McCain Foods Limited), dies of kidney failure at 76
  • 2006 Bill Beutel, American journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2008 Andrew Britton, Author (b. 1981)
  • 2011 Warren M Christopher, 63rd United States Secretary of State (1993-97), dies at 85
  • 2012 George Tupou V, King of Tonga, dies at 63
  • 2013 Muhammad Mahmood Alam, Pakistani general and fighter ace, dies at 77
  • 2020 Alfred M. Worden, American Colonel USAF, NASA astronaut (Apollo 15), dies of a stroke at 88
  • 2021 Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher and anthroposophist, dies at 89