On This Day

On This Day in History for March 23

Events in History

  • 1026 Conrad II crowns himself King of Italy
  • 1066 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1153 Treaty of Konstanz between Frederick I "Barbarossa" & Pope Eugene III

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1174 Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow
  • 1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishneh Torah", a code of Jewish religious law is published
  • 1534 Aragonese legal code formally recognised
  • 1568 Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
  • 1579 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1593 English Separatist Puritans John Greenwood and Henry Barrowe tried and sentenced to death on the charge of devising and circulating seditious books
  • 1630 French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
  • 1657 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III attempts to land at Firth of Forth, Scotland, but is turned away by the British Royal Navy
  • 1752 Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, dies 2 days later

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1782 "Les Liaisons dangereuses" by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos is published by Durand Neveu
  • 1794 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794 Lt-general Tadeusz Kościuszko returns to Poland

Military Leader and Statesman Tadeusz Kościuszko
Military Leader and Statesman
Tadeusz Kościuszko

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence
  • 1839 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
  • 1840 Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerreotype)
  • 1848 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1849 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1858 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • 1861 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1862 Battle of Kernstown Virginia, Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • 1864 Encounter at Camden, Arkansas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General Sherman and Cox' troops reach Goldsboro, North Carolina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1868 University of California founded in Oakland, California
  • 1879 War of the Pacific fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully takes over Arica and Tarapacá, leaving Bolivia a landlocked country.
  • 1880 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisconsin)
  • 1881 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 1882 The Edmunds Act (Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Act) is adopted by the US to suppress polygamy. 1300 men are later imprisoned under the act
  • 1889 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • 1896 The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels
  • 1901 Dame Nellie Melba reveals secret of her now famous toast
  • 1903 The Wright brothers 1st file a patent for a flying machine, which is granted 3 years later
  • 1908 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in hospital two days later
  • 1915 Zion Mule Corp formed by the British Army
  • 1917 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US
  • 1918 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • 1918 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • 1918 Germany begins using long-range gun, the 'Kaiser Wilhelm Geschütz' ('Emperor William Gun'), aka 'Paris Gun' to shell Paris from Crépy-en-Laonnais, 75 miles away; over several days, 303 rounds kill 256 and wound over 600
  • 1918 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • 1919 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1920 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • 1921 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • 1922 1st airplane lands at the US Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 KMJ-AM in Fresno CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WEW-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 1st telephone installed at the President’s desk under the Hoover administration at the White House

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover


1931 Indian independence fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hung after conducting an assassination and a bombing. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1936 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • 1937 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • 1940 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Lahore), calling for independent Muslim state(s), is adopted by the All-India Muslim League
  • 1942 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • 1942 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • 1943 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • 1944 Italian resistance group bombs occupying German police at Via Rasella, Rome; killing 33 and wounding 110 of the 156 man force; retaliation kills 335 civilians
  • 1945 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine into Germany

Battle of InterestBattle of Okinawa

1945 Battle of Okinawa: US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa in preparation for the Allied invasion; it would become the largest battle of the Pacific War in World War II

Learn More
British navy vessel HMS Formidable on fire during the Battle of Okinawa after being struck by a kamikaze
British navy vessel HMS Formidable on fire during the Battle of Okinawa after being struck by a kamikaze
Learn More
  • 1945 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 The Swallow Sidecar Company headed by William Lyons agrees to change its name to Jaguar

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Lt. Gen. Miles Dempsey becomes the first British commander to cross the Rhine during the Allied invasion of Germany

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
  • 1948 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • 1949 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premieres in NYC
  • 1950 Sophocles Venizelos forms liberal Greek government
  • 1950 UN World Meteorological Org established
  • 1950 Frances Farmer is released from Western State Hospital
  • 1951 Wages in France increase 11%
  • 1956 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
  • 1956 Sudan becomes independent
  • 1957 US army sells last homing pigeons
  • 1960 Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 JFK visits San Francisco

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Wake Forest coach "Bones" McKinney becomes 2nd person to play and coach
  • 1963 Rolf Hochhuth's play "Der Stellvertreter" (The Representative) premieres in Berlin
  • 1964 UNCTAD 1 world conference opens in Geneva
  • 1965 Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young)
  • 1965 Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
  • 1966 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic & Anglican Church
  • 1968 Rev Walter Fauntroy, is 1st non-voting congressional delegate from DC
  • 1969 Rally for Decency in Miami
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept simplified divorce
  • 1973 After a 5½ year run soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ends
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Immaculata beat Mississippi College 68-53 in Manhattan, Kansas
  • 1976 International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying)
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Deposed Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi arrives in Egypt

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1980 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Old Dominion beat Tennessee 68-53 at Mount Pleasant

Birthdays in History

  • 603 K'inich Janaab' Pakal [Sun Shield], Ajaw of the Maya city-state of Palenque (d. 683)
  • 1336 Emperor Go-Kōgon, 4th Northern Emperor of Japan (d. 1374)

Person of interestMargaret of Anjou

1430 Margaret of Anjou, wife of King Henry VI of England, born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France (d. 1482)

Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England Margaret of Anjou
Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England
Margaret of Anjou
  • 1638 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist

Person of interestJames Bradley

1693 James Bradley, English astronomer, 3rd Astronomer Royal, discovered Earth's nutation motion, born in Shelborne, England (d. 1762) exact date disputed

Astronomer James Bradley
James Bradley
  • 1699 John Bartram, naturalist and explorer, father of American botany, born near Darby, Pennsylvania (d. 1777)
  • 1723 Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)
  • 1732 Marie Adélaïde of France, daughter of Louis XV (d. 1800)
  • 1733 Josiah Spode, English potter and founder of Spode pottery works, born in Stoke-on-Trent, England (d. 1797)
  • 1736 Iman Willem Falck, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1765-83), born in Colombo, Sri Lanka (d. 1785)
  • 1737 Arthur St. Clair, American soldier and politician (President of the Continental Congress, 1787), born in Thurso, Scotland (d. 1818)
  • 1749 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)
  • 1754 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1761 John W de Winter, Dutch vice-admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
  • 1769 William Smith, British geologist who is credited with creating the first nationwide geological map (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils), born in Churchill, Oxfordshire (d. 1839)
  • 1769 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
  • 1801 Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • 1808 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, sociologist/historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • 1818 Don Carlos Buell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lowell, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • 1821 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 1823 Schuyler Colfax, (R) 17th VP (1869-73)
  • 1825 Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1898)
  • 1831 Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • 1847 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romania, historian
  • 1854 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • 1857 Fannie Farmer, American culinary pioneer who revolutionised modern cooking through the introduction of precise measurements (Boston Cooking-School Cook Book), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1915)
  • 1858 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • 1862 Nathaniel Reed, American outlaw turned evangelist (d. 1950)
  • 1863 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • 1868 Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • 1876 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1880 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • 1881 Hermann Staudinger, German chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
  • 1881 Roger Martin du Guard, French novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937)
  • 1882 C Montague Shaw, Adelaide Australia
  • 1882 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • 1883 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • 1887 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin, born in Moika Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1887 Juan Gris, Spanish cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • 1887 Sidney Hillman, union leader (Sidney Hillman Foundation)
  • 1893 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (d. 2001)
  • 1898 Georgios Grivas, Greek general/opposition leader on Cyprus
  • 1900 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • 1901 Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)
  • 1905 Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
  • 1907 Daniel Bovet, Swiss pharmacologist (Nobel 1957)
  • 1907 Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, politician
  • 1908 Dominique de Menil, arts patron/human rights advocate
  • 1911 Denis Wright, diplomat
  • 1911 Edward Warner, diplomat

Person of interestWernher von Braun

1912 Wernher von Braun, German rocket scientist (I Aim at the Stars), born in Wirsitz, Germany (now Wyrzysk, Poland) (d. 1977)

Rocket Scientist Wernher von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Wernher von Braun
  • 1915 Francis Berry, poet/Shakespearean scholar
  • 1915 Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
  • 1917 H C Allen, American historian
  • 1919 Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal
  • 1919 Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • 1921 Donald Campbell, English boat and land racer (world land and water records 1964; only person to complete in same year), born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 1967)
  • 1921 Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
  • 1921 Wolfgang Altendorfer, writer
  • 1923 Abderrahim Bouabid, Moroccan politician (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) and an opponent of French Imperialism and King Hassan II, born in Salé, Morocco (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Peter Godfrey, chartered accountant
  • 1924 Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (liquid paper), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • 1925 David McNee, commissioner (Metropolitan Police)
  • 1928 Alfred Morris, British MP
  • 1929 Albert H Crews, American chemical and aeronautical engineer and USAF astronaut (X-20 Dyna-Soar program), born in El Dorado, Arkansas
  • 1929 Michael Manser, English architect, born in Bristol (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Norman F Lent, (Rep-R-NY, 1971- 93), (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)
  • 1933 Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, known for the Stanford prison experiment
  • 1934 Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician
  • 1937 Robert Gallo, American physician
  • 1938 Kenneth J Gregory, warden (Goldsmiths' College)
  • 1938 Maynard Jackson, first African American mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)
  • 1941 Jim Trelease, American educator and children's literature author
  • 1942 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • 1943 Mohammad al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite cleric and leader who called for government reform, born in al-Kazimiya, Iraq (d. 1999) [1]
  • 1946 Alan Bleasdale, English author, playwright and scriptwriter (Are You Lonesome Tonight), born in Liverpool
  • 1949 Karen English, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1949 Roland Lee, American Watercolor Artist
  • 1952 Kim Stanley Robinson, American sci-fi author (Mars Trilogy), born in Waukegan, Illinois

Person of interestRex Tillerson

1952 Rex Tillerson, American businessman (ExxonMobil) and US Secretary of State (2017-18), born in Wichita Falls, Texas

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson
US Secretary of State
Rex Tillerson
  • 1953 Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, British MP
  • 1956 Andrew Mitchell, British MP
  • 1956 Laura Thorne, chef (named one of 10 best American chefs)
  • 1956 José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese politician, president of the European Commission
  • 1960 Oscar Michael Moore, journalist
  • 1960 Nicol Stephen, Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1965 Gary Whitehead, American poet
  • 1968 Mitch Cullin, American novelist
  • 1976 Dougie Lampkin, English motorcycle trials rider, born in Silsden, West Yorkshire, England
  • 1976 Jayson Blair, American journalist and author
  • 1977 Jean Carlos Gamarra, Peruvian taekwondo practitioner
  • 1983 François Gabart, French sailor (record round-the-world trip), born in Saint-Michel-d'Entraygues, France
  • 1987 Kim Wall, Swedish journalist killed investigating Danish inventor Peter Madsen, born in Trelleborg, Sweden (d. 2017)
  • 1990 Eugenie, Princess of York and daughter of Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, born in London
  • 1999 Prince Beltran of Bulgaria

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1779 Botanist Joseph Banks (36) weds Dorothea Hugessen

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1923 Writer Anaïs Nin (Delta of Venus) marries banker and artist Hugh Parker Guiler in Havana, Cuba
  • 2008 France's former first lady Cecilia Ciganer-Albeniz (50) weds Moroccan-born public relations executive Richard Attias (48) in Manhattan, New York

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1769 Augustus FitzRoy, English Duke of Grafton divorces the Duchess of Grafton, (formerly Hon. Anne Liddell) by an Act of Parliament

British Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy
British Prime Minister
Augustus FitzRoy

Deaths in History

MurderAgrippina the Younger

59 Agrippina the Younger, Roman Empress, dies at 43 (circumstances of her death vary, but suggest she was murdered by her son, the Emperor Nero)

Roman Empress Agrippina the Younger
Roman Empress
Agrippina the Younger
  • 1103 Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)
  • 1169 Shirkuh, Kurd general/vizier of Cairo/Saladin's uncle, dies
  • 1237 Jan of Brienne, King of Jerusalem and Emperor of Constantinople, dies
  • 1361 Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, richest peer in England, dies at 50 or 51

MurderPeter the Cruel

1369 Peter the Cruel, King of Castile & Leon (1350-69), murdered by his half-brother at 34

King of Castille and Leon Peter the Cruel
King of Castille and Leon
Peter the Cruel
  • 1548 Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takeda Shingen

Person of interestJulius III

1555 Julius III [Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte], Counter-Reformation Pope (1550-55), dies at 67

Counter-Reformation Pope Julius III
Counter-Reformation Pope
Julius III
  • 1559 Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)
  • 1596 Henry Unton, English diplomat
  • 1606 Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist, dies at 58
  • 1618 James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
  • 1653 Johan van Galen, Dutch admiral (Dunes Monte Christo), dies at about 48

Person of interestNicolas Fouquet

1680 Nicolas Fouquet, French politician and Superintendent of Finances (1653-61) who became fabulously wealthy and later imprisoned for maladministration of state funds, dies in jail in Pinerolo at 65

Statesman and Superintendent of Finances Nicolas Fouquet
Statesman and Superintendent of Finances
Nicolas Fouquet
  • 1742 Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • 1747 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)
  • 1754 Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (b. 1693)
  • 1786 Patience Wright, 1st US woman pro artist, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1801 Tsar Paul I of Russia (1796-1801) is struck with a sword, strangled, and trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle aged 46
  • 1813 Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain, dies at 75
  • 1819 August von Kotzebue, German dramatist, dies at 57
  • 1840 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), dies at 76
  • 1842 Stendhal [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), dies at 59
  • 1862 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian chancellor, dies at 81
  • 1907 Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer and senator, dies at 79
  • 1914 Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Saint Rebecca) Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
  • 1925 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1927 Paul César Helleu, French artist (b. 1859)

BattleBhagat Singh

1931 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, hanged at 23

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • 1937 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist, dies at 66
  • 1942 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at 73
  • 1943 Andre Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
  • 1944 O.C. Wingate, British General-Major (Burma), dies in air crash in India at 41
  • 1946 Gilbert N. Lewis, American Chemist (atomic theory), dies at 70
  • 1947 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (b. 1870)
  • 1952 Klaas Schilder, Dutch vicar/theologist/antifascist, dies at 61
  • 1953 Raoul Dufy, painter, Forcalquier, France
  • 1955 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • 1957 Patrick Abercrombie, English architect and town planner, dies at 77
  • 1958 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist/philosopher, dies at 76
  • 1960 Franklin P Adams, columnist (Information Please), dies at 78
  • 1961 James Edward Murray, (Sen-D-Montana) (1935-61), dies
  • 1961 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut, dies in accident at 24
  • 1962 Josephus RH van Schaik, lawyer/vice-premier of Neth, dies at 80
  • 1964 Vassily Vainonen, Russian ballet choreographer (Gayaneh), dies at 66
  • 1968 Edwin O'Connor, American writer, dies at 49
  • 1969 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), dies at 87
  • 1970 Del Lord, Canadian director (b. 1894)
  • 1971 Simon Vestdijk, Dutch author/poet (Brass Garden), dies at 72
  • 1980 Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (Misery Index), dies of a heart attack at 51
  • 1982 Mario Praz, Italian literary critic and scholar (Casa della vita), dies at 85
  • 1983 Barney Clark, 1st artificial heart recipient, dies after 112 days at 62
  • 1985 Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist and writer, dies at 85
  • 1985 Patricia Roberts Harris, (Rep-D), 1st African American woman cabinet member, dies of cancer at 60
  • 1985 Richard Beeching, chairman of British Railways (b. 1913)
  • 1985 Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and professor (b. 1908)
  • 1987 Adriaan Pitlo, Dutch lawyer, dies at 85
  • 1991 Dominic Bellissimo, created buffalo chicken wings, dies at 68
  • 1991 Fons Jansen, Dutch news reader and cabaretier, dies at 65
  • 1991 Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1913)
  • 1991 Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet (The Eternal and the Holy), dies at 97
  • 1992 Friedrich A von Hayek, British economist (Road to Serfdom), dies at 92
  • 1993 Hans Werner Richter, German writer/founder (Gruppe 47), dies at 84
  • 1994 Alvara del Portillo, Spanish Opus Dei bishop, dies at 80
  • 1994 Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican presidential candidate, assassinated at 44
  • 1995 Robert Turner, winner of 1st All-American Soap Box Derby, dies at 72
  • 1995 Russell Reading Braddon, Australian author, dies at 74
  • 1996 Peter Baer, German-British artist and printmaker, dies at 72
  • 1998 Gerald Stano, American serial killer (confessed to killing 41 people), dies at 46
  • 1999 Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan politician (b. ?)
  • 2004 Rupert Hamer, Australian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 David B. Bleak, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
  • 2007 Paul J. Cohen, American mathematician, Fields Medal winner (b. 1934)
  • 2007 Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (Cohen forcing, Continuum hypothesis), dies at 72
  • 2012 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, President of Somalia, dies from liver failure at 77
  • 2013 David Bond, British sailor, dies at 90
  • 2014 Adolfo Suárez, Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81), dies from a respiratory infection at 81

Person of interestLee Kuan Yew

2015 Lee Kuan Yew, Founding father of modern Singapore and 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), dies of pneumonia at 91

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 2016 Peter Moores, British businessman and director (Littlewoods), dies at 83