On This Day

On This Day in History for March 25

Events in History

  • 1 Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word
  • 31 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus
  • 421 Friday at 12 PM - city of Venice founded
  • 708 Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1150 Tichborne family of Hampshire England start tradition of giving gallon of flour to residents to keep deathbed promise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1199 Richard I, Lion Heart, King o f England, is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leads to his death on April 6

CrownRoyal Coronation

1306 Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
  • 1409 Council of Pisa opens - elects Antipope Alexander V
  • 1436 Florentine cathedral Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore with dome by Filippo Brunelleschi consecrated by Pope Eugene IV (begun 1296)
  • 1571 Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves England
  • 1581 Portuguese Cortes calls Philip II king of Portugal

InventionHistoric Invention

1584 English explorer Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert's patent to explore North America

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
  • 1593 Recantation of Loos, Dutch scholar Coinelius Loos recants his earlier written protest against witchcraft persecution in Trier, Germany before officials in Brussels
  • 1598 Cornelis de Houtman's fleet departs for East-Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609 Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Company to find a passage to Asia

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • 1634 Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore and led by his brother Leonard Calvert first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland

  • 1647 Cape of Good Hope: tour ship Haerlem stranded in Tafel Bay
  • 1655 Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan (Saturn's largest satellite)
  • 1669 Mount Etna in Sicily erupts, destroying Nicolosi, killing 20,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1740 Construction begins on evangelist George Whitefield's Bethesda Orphanage in Georgia

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1753 Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1802 Great Britain and the French Republic sign the Treaty of Amiens
  • 1807 First fare-paying, passenger railway service in the world established on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, Wales

UKBritain Abolishes the Slave Trade

1807 British Parliament abolishes slave trade throughout the British Empire; penalty of £120 per slave introduced for ship captains

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"Am I Not a Man and a Brother?" emblem used by some abolitionists. Getting rid of the slave trade was an important step to abolishing slavery in Britain.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 George Canning becomes British Foreign Secretary

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
  • 1811 Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism
  • 1813 1st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank established
  • 1817 Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians
  • 1820 Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • 1821 The Greek revolution against the Ottoman Turks is officially declared, with hostilities having started two months earlier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Sydney to a hero's welcome after completing his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1847 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • 1851 Yosemite Valley discovered in California
  • 1852 Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich

  • 1856 A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine
  • 1857 Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse
  • 1857 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville receives a patent for his phonautograph, a device which created visual images of sound
  • 1863 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded
  • 1863 Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
  • 1864 Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
  • 1865 Battle of Bluff Spring, Florida
  • 1865 Battle of Petersburg: In an unsuccessful counter attack, Confederate forces attack Fort Stedman
  • 1865 Battle of Mobile, Alabama (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
  • 1865 SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400
  • 1882 1st demonstration of pancake making, held at a department store in NYC
  • 1888 Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • 1894 Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon, Ohio, for Washington, D.C.
  • 1895 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1898 Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC
  • 1898 Swami Vivekananda initiates Margaret Noble (Sister Nivedita) into vow of Brahmacharya, first western woman received into Indian monastic order

The Story of Writer O. Henry’s Short LifeThe Story of Writer O. Henry’s Short Life

1898 Writer O. Henry sentenced to 5 years in prison for embezzling $854 from a bank reportedly to pay for his sick wife's medical bills. Goes on to write many classics while in jail including "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking".

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The U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in 2012 commemorating the 150th anniversary of the birth of William Porter
The U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in 2012 commemorating the 150th anniversary of the birth of William Porter
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  • 1900 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • 1901 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, Iowa
  • 1902 Irving W Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine
  • 1902 In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • 1903 Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, is founded.
  • 1905 Confederate battle flags captured during the American Civil War are returned to South
  • 1908 Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
  • 1910 Chalmers Auto Co offers a new car to each leagues' batting champ
  • 1911 L D Swamikannu publishes "Manual of Indian Chronology" in Bombay
  • 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls
  • 1913 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster
  • 1915 1st submarine disaster; a US F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21
  • 1915 German U boat torpedoes Netherlands merchant ship Medea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Canadian ace Billy Bishop claims his first victory, shooting down and mortally wounding German Leutnant Theiller

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1918 The Belarusian People's Republic is established.

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1919 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Greek Independence Day
  • 1923 British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
  • 1924 Greek parliament selects admiral Paul Koundouriotis as premier
  • 1931 Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
  • 1935 1st Belgium government of Van Zealand resigns
  • 1936 200-inch mirror blank leaves for California to be ground
  • 1937 Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
  • 1937 Washington Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page
  • 1941 Carolina Paprika Mills in Dillon, South Carolina, incorporated
  • 1942 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • 1943 97% of all Dutch physicians strike against Nazi registration
  • 1943 Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio
  • 1944 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • 1945 US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
  • 1945 US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg
  • 1945 US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
  • 1947 Agreement of Linggadjati ratified in Batavia
  • 1947 Coal mine explosion in Centralia, Ill, claims 111
  • 1949 The Soviet Union begins Operation Pribioi, the mass deportation of 90,000 Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians to inhospitable areas in the Soviet Union
  • 1951 E Purcell & EM Ewen detect 21-cm radiation at Harvard physics lab
  • 1954 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)
  • 1955 East Germany granted full sovereignty by occupying power, USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" as obscene.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1957 Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community (Common Market)
  • 1958 West German parliament desires German atomic weapons
  • 1959 French President De Gaulle acknowledges Oder-Neisse boundary
  • 1960 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover" ruled not obscene (NYC)

  • 1960 Italian government Tambroni forms
  • 1961 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
  • 1961 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered

Birthdays in History

  • 1252 Conradin, Duke of Swabia (d. 1268), son of Conradin IV
  • 1259 Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1332)
  • 1297 Andronicus III Palaeologus, Byzantine emperor (d. 1341)
  • 1297 Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (d. 1364)
  • 1345 Blanche of Lancaster, English heiress and wife of John of Gaunt (d. 1369) date of birth disputed
  • 1347 Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (d. 1380)
  • 1404 John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (d. 1444)
  • 1539 Christopher Clavius, German mathematician (d. 1612)
  • 1541 Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1587)
  • 1593 Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
  • 1594 Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher, Dutch writer
  • 1643 Louis Moréri, French encylopedist (d. 1680)
  • 1653 Joseph Sauveur, French mathematician, physicist and sound engineer who coined the name acoustics for the study of sound from the ancient Greek word ακουστός, meaning "able to be heard", born in La Flèche, France (d. 1716)
  • 1661 Paul de Rapin, French historian (d. 1725)
  • 1702 Pieter Teyler Van der Hulst, Dutch silk merchant (Teyler's Museum)
  • 1723 Kaat Mussel, [Catharina Mulder], Dutch demonstrater
  • 1767 Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15)
  • 1782 Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples (d. 1839) and sister of Napoleon
  • 1786 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist
  • 1797 John Winebrenner, American clergyman, founded Church of God
  • 1800 Paulin Paris, French historian
  • 1808 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet (Cortes)
  • 1818 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, American Major General (Union Army), born in North Andover, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • 1820 Xavier de Merode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister to Pope in Rome (d. 1874)
  • 1823 William Thompson Martin, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • 1824 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (d. 1900)
  • 1839 William Bell Wait, American educated the blind
  • 1840 Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier in U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment & Irish Soldier of Fortune (d. 1876)
  • 1848 William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1863 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • 1865 Pierre Weiss, Mulhouse, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism)
  • 1867 John Gutzon Borglum, American sculptor (Mt Rushmore), born in St. Charles, Idaho Territory (d. 1941)
  • 1869 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer
  • 1872 Vito Pardo, Italian sculptor (Columbus monument in Argentina)
  • 1873 Rudolf Rocker, German/US anarchist
  • 1877 Walter Little, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • 1881 Louis Dosfel, Flemish lawyer/writer (Assault!)
  • 1881 Mary Gladys Webb, English writer (d. 1927)
  • 1884 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (d. 1950)
  • 1885 Veit Valentin, German/American historian (Deutsche Revolution)
  • 1886 Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Marten Baersma, [MH Bottema], Friesan author (De ljochte kimen)
  • 1893 Edward Hart, (Rep-D-NJ)/1st chairman of Com on Un-American Activities
  • 1895 Siegfried Handloser, German physician (d. 1954)
  • 1899 Bella Spewack, Hungarian playwright (Kiss Me Kate)
  • 1899 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Race of Men)
  • 1903 Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)

Person of interestA. J. P. Taylor

1906 A.J.P Taylor [Alan John Percival], English historian (The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848–1918, Origins of the Second World War), born in Southport, England (d. 1990)

Historian A. J. P. Taylor
A. J. P. Taylor
  • 1906 Howard Pyle, (Gov-R-Az, 1951-55)
  • 1908 Bridget D'Oyly Carte, British theater & hotel director, born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Willy Anthoons, Flemish sculptor (Mystic verheffing)

Person of interestJack Ruby

1911 Jack Ruby, American assassin who killed assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • 1914 Marthe Robert, essayist/translator
  • 1914 Norman E Borlaug, US agriculture scientist (Nobel 1970)
  • 1917 Nancy Barbato Sinatra, first wife and life-long friend of Frank Sinatra, born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2018)
  • 1921 Alexandra of Greece and Denmark, Queen of Yugoslavia (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Tobias Schneebaum, American writer, anthropologist and explorer, born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Lee Hale, choral director (The Entertainers), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • 1925 Flannery O'Connor, GA, novelist (A Good Man is Hard to Find)
  • 1926 Hans Rausing, Swedish/British industrial/billionaire (Tetra Pak)
  • 1928 James A Lovell Jr, American astronaut (Gemini 7, 12, Apollo 8, 13), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1928 Hilton Kramer, American art critic, born in Gloucester, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Harris W Fawell, (Rep-R-IL, 1985- )

Person of interestGloria Steinem

1934 Gloria Steinem, American feminist and publisher (Ms Magazine), born in Toledo, Ohio

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Gloria Steinem
  • 1937 Tom Monaghan, Ann Arbor Michigan, founder of Dominos pizza
  • 1939 Toni Cade Bambara, director
  • 1941 Gudmund Hernes, Norwegian politician
  • 1944 Terry L Bruce, (Rep-D-IL, 1985- )
  • 1946 Maurice Krafft, French vulcanologist (d. 1991)
  • 1946 Gerard John Schaefer, American serial killer (d. 1995)
  • 1946 Daniel Bensaïd, French philosopher and a leader of the Trotskyist movement in France, born in Toulouse, France (d. 2010)
  • 1947 Claudine Schneider, (Rep-R-RI, 1981- )
  • 1948 Michael Stanley, rocker (Michael Stanley Band), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1952 Antanas Mockus, Colombian mathematician
  • 1955 Daniel Boulud, French chef and restaurateur
  • 1958 Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician and television commentator
  • 1958 Åsa Torstensson, Swedish politician
  • 1967 Matthew Barney, American media artist
  • 1986 Megan Gibson, American softball player
  • 1989 Chicken Kentucky, 1st partial birth in space (chicken)

Weddings in History

  • 1734 William IV, Prince of Orange-Nassau marries princess Anne of Great Britain, eldest daughter of King George II at St James' Palace

LoveWedding of Interest

1795 2nd Earl of Liverpool Robert Jenkinson (25) weds daughter of the Earl of Bristol Lady Louisa Hervey at Wimbledon

British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson

LoveWedding of Interest

1961 Playwright Samuel Beckett (54) weds Suzanne Dechevaux-Dumesnil on a secret civil ceremony in England

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett

Deaths in History

  • 1223 Afonso II, 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), dies at 36
  • 1345 Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1281)
  • 1458 Inigo Lopez de Mendoza, Spanish marquis of Santillana/poet, dies
  • 1558 Marcos de Niza, French Franciscan explorer
  • 1561 Conrad Lycosthenes, French-born German philosopher and encyclopedist (b. 1518)
  • 1603 Ikoma Chikamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1526)
  • 1609 Olaus Martini, Swedish Archbishop of Uppsala (b. 1557)
  • 1625 Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (b. 1569)
  • 1692 Gerardus L Blasius, Flemish anatomist, dies at about 66
  • 1696 Hendrik Casimir II, Dutch Prince of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland and Groningen (1664-96), dies at 39
  • 1712 Nehemiah Grew, English naturalist (b. 1641)
  • 1736 Nicholas Hawksmoor, British architect
  • 1751 Frederick of Hessen Kassel, King of Sweden (1720-51), dies at 74
  • 1801 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • 1801 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), dies at 28
  • 1818 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, dies at 72
  • 1825 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, Dutch politician (Grand Pensionary of Batavia), dies at 63
  • 1835 Friederike Blum, writer, dies
  • 1860 James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
  • 1867 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), dies at 72
  • 1869 Edward Bates, American lawyer (26th U.S. Attorney General), dies at 75
  • 1873 Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter (b. 1810)
  • 1875 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), dies at 60
  • 1877 Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 51
  • 1880 Ludmilla Assing, writer, dies
  • 1885 Karl Schwarz, German theologian, dies at 72
  • 1908 Durham Stevens, American diplomat (b. 1851)

Person of interestFrederic Mistral

1914 Frederic Mistral, French poet (Nobel-1904), dies at 83

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • 1917 Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (b. 1832)
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist Ida B. Wells
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist
Ida B. Wells
  • 1937 John Drinkwater, English poet/playwright (Bird in Hand), dies at 54
  • 1949 Hanns A Rauter, German SS-commandant in Netherland, executed at 54
  • 1957 Max Ophüls, German director (The Earrings of Madame de...), dies at 54
  • 1962 Auguste Piccard, Swiss explorer/balloonist, dies at 78
  • 1965 Viola Gregg Liuzzo, US civil rights activist, murdered
  • 1969 Max Eastman, American critic/essayist (Love and Revolution), dies at 86
  • 1973 Edward Steichen, American photographer, dies at 93

Person of interestFaisal of Saudi Arabia

1975 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), shot by nephew at 68

  • 1980 Roland Barthes, French literary critic and writer (b. 1915)
  • 1980 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist and psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1980 James Wright, American poet (b. 1927)
  • 1982 Hugo Huppert, Austrian writer and poet, dies at 79
  • 1987 Henry R LaBouisse, headed UNICEF (1965-79), dies at 83
  • 1988 James J. Howard, American educator and Democratic Party politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), dies at 60
  • 1991 Marcel Lefebvre, French Catholic prelate (b. 1905)
  • 1994 David Miles Bensusan-Butt, English economist, dies at 79
  • 1994 Michel R Vassallucci, French/Neth publisher (Arena), dies at 32
  • 1995 James Gardner, designer, dies at 87
  • 1995 Peter Herbert Penwarden, English priest, dies at 73
  • 1995 Warren E. Burger, 15th Supreme Court chief justice (1969-86), dies at 87
  • 1995 James Coleman, American sociologist (b. 1926)
  • 1997 Roberto Sanchez Vilella, governor of Puerto Rico in (1965-69), dies
  • 1998 Max Green, Australian lawyer (b. 1952)
  • 1998 Steve Schiff, United States Congressman (b. 1947)
  • 2001 Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot, first to fly Concorde. dies at 77
  • 2007 Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (2000-07), dies at 57
  • 2009 Kosuke Koyama, Japanese theologian (b. 1929)
  • 2012 Larry Stevenson [Richard], American skateboard innovator, dies from pneumonia and Alzheimer's disease at 81
  • 2013 Anthony Lewis, American journalist (Pulitzer Prize 195,1963) & author, dies from kidney and heart failure at 85
  • 2017 Roberta Hazard, American retired Rear Admiral (US Navy), dies at 82