On This Day

On This Day in History for March 26

Events in History

  • 127 Greek astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy begins his observations of the heavens (until 141 AD)
  • 685 Cuthbert (later Saint Cuthbert) is consecrated Bishop of Lindisfarne by Archbishop Theodore at York
  • 1027 Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty
  • 1147 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1484 William Caxton prints his translation of Aesop's Fables

  • 1526 King Francis I returns from Spanish captivity to France
  • 1534 Lübeck accepts free Dutch ships into East Sea
  • 1552 Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru
  • 1636 University of Utrecht opening ceremony
  • 1668 England takes control of Bombay, India
  • 1692 King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 1780 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 1790 US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 1793 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1799 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1804 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • 1808 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII

VenezuelaMassive Earthquake in Caracas, Venezuela

1812 Earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela and kills an estimated 15,000–20,000 people

Learn More
Caracas lies in ruins after the deadly 1812 earthquake
Caracas lies in ruins after the deadly 1812 earthquake
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1820 Future Mormon church leader Joseph Smith has his "First Vision" in a wooded area of New York, according to Mormon scholars

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • 1821 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • 1830 The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York
  • 1839 1st Henley Royal Regatta on the river Thames, England
  • 1845 Joseph Francis from NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 1845 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precursor of band-aid
  • 1852 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • 1856 New South Wales's first 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW wins
  • 1859 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist
  • 1862 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • 1863 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
  • 1871 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1872 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 1872 Thomas J. Martin, of Alabama, receives a U.S. patent for a pipe and valve fire extinguisher system t
  • 1878 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • 1878 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve
  • 1881 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • 1885 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1885 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask

Politician and Revolutionary Louis Riel
Politician and Revolutionary
Louis Riel
  • 1885 1st modern, legal cremation held in England at Woking, Surrey [1]
  • 1889 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • 1889 Johnny Briggs takes 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • 1889 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • 1895 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1900 1st edition The (Free) People (Netherlands, probably Amsterdam)
  • 1903 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • 1909 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1910 US forbids immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers and the sick
  • 1910 William H. Lewis appointed US Assistant Attorney General
  • 1913 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • 1913 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami and Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • 1917 British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • 1924 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
  • 1926 ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1926 First lip-reading tournament held in America
  • 1927 Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
  • 1927 Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
  • 1930 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
  • 1931 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • 1931 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • 1934 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • 1935 RJ Mitchell & Major Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire
  • 1936 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • 1936 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • 1936 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
  • 1937 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Texas, erect statue of Popeye
  • 1937 William H. Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1940 "The Fifth Column", a play by Ernest Hemingway and adapted by Benjamin Glazer premieres in NYC courtesy of the Theater Guild

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1942 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps

Learn More
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Learn More
  • 1942 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

BattleBattle of Interest

1942 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands, naval battle between American navy and Japanese Imperial forces in the Pacific Ocean, ends inconclusively
  • 1943 Elsie S. Ott is 1st woman to be awarded US Air Force Medal
  • 1944 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 Allies led by US Marine Corps secure island of Iwo Jima from Imperial Japanese Army, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed

Learn More
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

BattleBattle of Interest

1945 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and George S. Patton launch attack at Remagen on the Rhine

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1945 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • 1945 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 United States Air Force flag officially adopted by President Harry S. Truman

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1952 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich

Historic DiscoveryPolio

1953 Dr. Jonas Salk announces that he has successfully tested a vaccine to prevent polio, clinical trials began the next year

Learn More
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Learn More
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1955 "Ballad of Davy Crockett" version recorded by Bill Hayes becomes the #1 record in US
  • 1956 Medic Alert Foundation forms
  • 1956 Red Buttons stars as an angel on TV anthology series Studio One episode "Tale of St. Emergency"
  • 1958 US Army launches America's third successful satellite, "Explorer III"
  • 1958 The African Regroupment Party (PRA) is launched at a meeting in Paris
  • 1960 Iraq executes 30 after attack on President Kassem
  • 1962 US Supreme Court backs 1-man-1-vote apportionment of seats in state legistature
  • 1966 Large-scale anti-Vietnam War protests take place in the United States, including in New York, Washington, D.C. and Chicago
  • 1967 21st Tony Awards: Homecoming & Cabaret win

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1967 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Populorum progressio

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1969 Nuclear reactor Dodewaard Neth goes into use
  • 1969 Soviet weather satellite Meteor 1 launched
  • 1970 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory made San Francisco city landmark
  • 1970 Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) pleads guilty to "taking immoral liberties" with a 14 year old girl and serves 3 months in prison; granted a presidential pardon in 1981
  • 1970 The Police (Northern Ireland) Act becomes law; the act provides for the disarmament of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the establishment of an RUC reserve force

Birthdays in History

  • 1479 Vasili III of Russia, Great Prince of Moscow (1505-33), son of Ivan III (d. 1533)
  • 1516 Conrad Gessner, Swiss physician and naturalist, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1565)
  • 1554 Charles, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader, born in Alençon, France (d. 1611)
  • 1577 Elisabeth of Nassau, Daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon, born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1642)
  • 1698 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist, born in Helvíkovice, Bohemia (d. 1765)
  • 1749 William Blount, American statesman and signer of United States Constitution, born in Windsor, North Carolina (d. 1800)
  • 1753 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), born in Woburn, Massachusetts (d. 1814)
  • 1773 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), born in Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1838)
  • 1794 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, born in Leipzig, Saxony (d. 1872)
  • 1813 Thomas West Sherman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1879)
  • 1817 Herman Haupt, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1905)
  • 1819 Louise Otto-Peters, German suffragist, women's rights movement activist and author (The Wandering Star), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1821 Ernst Engel, German statistician and economist (Law of Engel), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • 1833 Betsy Perk [Christina Elizabeth], Dutch journalist, writer and pioneer of the Dutch women's movement, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1906)
  • 1840 George Smith, English archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), born in London (d. 1876)
  • 1850 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, born in Chicopee, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • 1856 David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, Welsh coal-mining entrepreneur, born in Ysgyborwen, Wales (d. 1918)
  • 1859 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)
  • 1859 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1868 Fuʾād I [Aḥmad Fuʾād Pasha], King of Egypt (1922-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1871 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, born in Kukui‘ula, Kōloa, Kauaʻi, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)

Person of interestRobert Frost

1874 Robert Frost, American poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1963)

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

1875 Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1876 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer, born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • 1880 Duncan Hines, American restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1959)
  • 1881 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, born in Florence (d. 1953)
  • 1882 Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist, member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Grenchen, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • 1885 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft, born in Kirkstall, Leeds (d. 1955)
  • 1886 Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • 1888 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse who helped POWs in Siberia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. (d. 1948)
  • 1890 Jozef Arras, Flemish writer, born in Lier (d. 1919)
  • 1893 James B. Conant, American chemist and President of Harvard University, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • 1893 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and founder of the Communist Party of Italy, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1964)
  • 1899 James B. Connant, American chemist, President of Harvard and diplomat, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • 1902 Leslie Melville, Australian economist, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2002)
  • 1904 Emilio Fernandez, Mexican director (La Choca, Flor Silvestre), born in El Seco Mexico (d. 1986)
  • 1904 Joseph Campbell, American professor of comparative mythology (Mythic Image), born in White Plains, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1904 Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2004)
  • 1905 Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (Man's Search for Meaning) and founder of logotherapy, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
  • 1907 Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and freedom fighter, born in Farrukhabad, British India (d. 1987)
  • 1908 Betty MacDonald [nee Bard], American humor writer (The Egg and I), in Boulder, Colorado (d. 1958)
  • 1908 Kenneth Mellanby, English entomologist (scabies) (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Bernard Katz, German-born Australian biophysicist (Nobel Prize 1970), born in Leipzig, German Empire

Person of interestTennessee Williams

1911 Tennessee Williams, American playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), born in Columbus, Mississippi (d. 1983)

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1913 Paul Erdős, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Ian McGeoch, Scottish Vice-Admiral with Royal Navy (submarine HMS Splendid WWII), born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)

Person of interestWilliam Westmoreland

1914 William Westmoreland, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1964-68), born in Saxon, South Carolina (d. 2005)

  • 1914 Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematics educator (Kumon Institute of Education,), born in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972), born in Monessen, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Mort Abrahams, American producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes), born in New York
  • 1917 Jean Graham Hall, English circuit court judge
  • 1920 George Brown Jr, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73-99), born in Holtsville, California (d. 1999)
  • 1921 George Jefferson, British CEO (British Telecom)
  • 1922 William Milliken, American politician, longest serving Governor of Michigan (1969-83), born in Traverse City, Michigan
  • 1922 Oscar Sala, Italian-born Brazilian nuclear physicist, born in Milan, Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Elizabeth Jane Howard, British novelist (After Julius), (d. 2014)
  • 1923 Gert Bastian, German politician (d. 1992)
  • 1925 Ted Graham, Lord Graham of Edmonton, English politician, House of Lords (chief opposition whip), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 2020)
  • 1925 Baron Hooson [Hugh Emlyn], British politician and peer (MP for Montgomeryshire 1962-79), (d. 2012)
  • 1928 G. Harry Stine, American science fiction writer (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Gregory Corso, American beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man), born in New York City (d. 2001)

Person of interestSandra Day O'Connor

1930 Sandra Day O'Connor, American 1st woman Supreme Court Justice (1981- 2006), born in El Paso, Texas

1st Woman Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor
1st Woman Supreme Court Justice
Sandra Day O'Connor

Person of interestMahmoud Abbas

1935 Mahmoud Abbas, 2nd President of the Palestine National Authority (2005-present), born in Safed, Mandatory Palestine

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas
  • 1938 Anthony James Leggett, English physicist, (Nobel Prize for Physics 2013 for superfluidity), born in London, England
  • 1939 Jonathan Tod, British Vice-Admiral (Royal Navy)
  • 1939 Colin Webb, British fleet street editor and journalist (Press Association) (d. 2013)
  • 1939 Stuart Sutherland, British psychologist, educator (Sussex University), and writer (Breakdown) (d. 1998)

Person of interestNancy Pelosi

1940 Nancy Pelosi, American politician (Rep-D-California 1987-), 1st female Speaker of the House (2007-11, 2019-), born in Baltimore, Maryland

US Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
US Speaker of the House
Nancy Pelosi
  • 1940 Servaes Huys, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1941 Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist (The God Delusion), born in Nairobi, Kenya Colony
  • 1941 Yvon Marcoux, Quebec politician, born in Lévis, Quebec
  • 1942 Erica Jong [Mann], American author (Fear of Flying), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestBob Woodward

1943 Bob Woodward, American author and investigative reporter (Watergate, CIA crimes), born in Geneva Illinois

Author and Investigative Reporter Bob Woodward
Author and Investigative Reporter
Bob Woodward
  • 1947 Dar Robinson, American stuntman, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1986)
  • 1949 Baroness Hayman [Helene Hayman], British politician (Lord Speaker of the House of Lords, 2006-11), born in Wolverhampton, West Midlands
  • 1952 David Amess, British politician (C), born in London
  • 1953 Elaine Chao, American politician (U.S. Secretary of Transportaion, 2017-21; U.S. Secretary of Labor, 2001-2009) born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1953 Lincoln Chafee, American politician (Governor of Rhode Island, 2011-15; US Senator (R) - Rhode Island, 1999-2007), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1953 Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (d. 2002)
  • 1954 Piers Gardner, British human rights lawyer (British Institute of Intl & Comparative Law)
  • 1961 Leigh Bowery, Australian performance artist and designer, born in Sunshine, Australia (d. 1996)
  • 1961 William Hague, English politician, Secretary of State, Leader of the Opposition, born in Rotherham, England
  • 1962 Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko, Ukrainian lt-colonel/cosmonaut, born in Elanets, Soviet Union
  • 1963 Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer (Mōryō no Hako), born in Hokkaido, Japan
  • 1971 Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist and sociobiologist

Person of interestLarry Page

1973 Larry Page, American computer scientist and businessman (co-founded Google with Sergey Brin), born in East Lansing, Michigan

Computer Scientist and Co-founder of Google Larry Page
Computer Scientist and Co-founder of Google
Larry Page
  • 1986 Jessica McClure, American baby rescued after being trapped in a well in Texas (1987), born in Midland, Texas

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1771 Political activist Thomas Paine (34) weds second wife Elizabeth Ollive

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine

LoveWedding of Interest

1842 Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi (34) weds Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro (20) in Montevideo

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

LoveWedding of Interest

1938 Writer Walter Lippmann (48) weds second wife Helen Byrne Armstrong

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann

LoveWedding of Interest

1942 Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi (25) weds politician and journalist Feroze Gandhi (29) at Anand Bhavan

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi

LoveWedding of Interest

1965 Playwright Tom Stoppard (28) weds nurse Josie Ingle

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • 1994 Talk show hostess Ricki Lake weds Rob Sussman
  • 1994 Half-brother of former President Bill Clinton and rodeo clown Roger Clinton (37) weds Molly Martin (25) in Dallas

Deaths in History

  • 304 Saint Emmanuel, Christian martyr killed under Diocletian
  • 809 Liudger, missionary/1st bishop of Munster/saint, dies at about 66
  • 983 'Adud al-Dawlah, Iranian ruler of the Buyid dynasty (949-83), dies at 46
  • 1130 King Sigurd I of Norway (b. ca. 1090)
  • 1212 Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), dies at 58
  • 1258 Floris, the Guardian, count-regent of Holland, dies
  • 1350 Alfonso XI, King of Castile & Leon, dies
  • 1535 Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)
  • 1546 Thomas Elyot, English diplomat, dies at about 56
  • 1638 Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 30

Person of interestJohn Winthrop

1649 John Winthrop, Puritan & 1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 61

Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop
  • 1679 Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
  • 1697 Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
  • 1726 John Vanbrugh, Dutch English playwright (Provoked Wife), dies at 62
  • 1772 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (b. 1704)
  • 1776 Samuel Ward, American politician (31st and 33rd Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations), dies at 50
  • 1780 Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, dies at 66
  • 1793 John Mudge, English physician (telescope mirrors) (b. 1721)

Person of interestJames Hutton

1797 James Hutton, Scottish geologist 'father of modern geology' dies at 70

Geologist James Hutton
James Hutton
  • 1814 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • 1831 Richard Allen, 1st African American ordained by Methodist-Episcopal church, dies at 71
  • 1848 Steen Steensen Blicher, Danish poet and short-story writer (E Binddstouw), dies at 65
  • 1850 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (1833- 36), dies at 65
  • 1857 Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar and geographer of Qing Dynasty, dies at 62
  • 1858 John Addison Thomas, American soldier and US Assistant Secretary of State, dies at 47
  • 1865 Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies
  • 1881 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general, dies at 80
  • 1888 Barghash bin Said, second Sultan of Zanzibar (b. 1837)

Person of interestWalt Whitman

1892 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass) and volunteer nurse during the Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 72

Poet and Nurse Walt Whitman
Poet and Nurse
Walt Whitman
  • 1894 Alfred H. Colquitt, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69
  • 1900 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), dies at 80

Person of interestCecil Rhodes

1902 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), dies of heart failure at 48

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1910 Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
  • 1910 An Jung-geun, Korean independence activist and assassin of Japanese Prime Minister Ito Hirobumi, executed by Japanese authorities at 30
  • 1920 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • 1926 Konstantin Fehrenbach, German reichs chancellor (1920-21), dies at 74
  • 1929 Katharine Lee Bates, American poet (b. 1859)
  • 1934 Grete Gulbransson, Austrian writer and poet (Geliebte Schatten), dies at 51
  • 1943 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer, dies at 73
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1945 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • 1945 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, dies at 62
  • 1948 Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43
  • 1951 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, dies at 86
  • 1957 Édouard Herriot, French politician (served 3 times as Prime Minister of France), dies at 84
  • 1962 Marjorie Colton, American inventor of wax paper, dies at 64
  • 1962 Augusta Savage, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate dies at 72
  • 1964 Hedwig Kohn, Prussian-born Jewish physics pioneer, dies at 77
  • 1969 Günther Weisenborn, German writer and German Resistance fighter, dies at 66
  • 1970 Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist, dies at 76
  • 1976 Josef Albers, German artist, dies at 88
  • 1976 Lin Yutang, Chinese writer, dies at 80
  • 1979 Jean Stafford, American writer (Pulitzer Prize 1970-The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford), dies at 63
  • 1981 Cyril Dean Darlington, English biologist and geneticist who discovered the mechanics of chromosomal crossover and its role in inheritance and evolution, dies at 77
  • 1982 Agathe Henriette de Beaufort, Dutch writer (Dolly of Arnhem), dies at 91
  • 1983 Anthony Blunt, British art historian and spy for USSR, dies at 75
  • 1984 Ahmed Sékou Touré, first President of Guinea (1958-84), dies of a heart attack at 62
  • 1990 Halston, American fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame), dies of AIDs at 68
  • 1991 Frans Dohmen, union leader (Neth Catholic Mine Workers), dies at 81
  • 1992 Barbara Frum, Canadian journalist (b. 1937)
  • 1993 Luis Falco, US choreographer (Fame, Angel Heart), dies at 50
  • 1994 Constantine Koukouchkine, Russian diplomat, murdered in Algeria at 41
  • 1995 Vladimir Maksimov, Russian writer and dissident, dies at 64
  • 1996 [Elizabeth] Cissie Charlton, English football matriarch, dies at 83
  • 1996 David Packard, American electronic engineer and businessman, dies at 83
  • 1996 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), dies at 81
  • 1996 Tom Wakefield, British writer, dies at 60
  • 1997 Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (Heaven's Gate), dies leading a mass suicide at 65
  • 2000 Alex Comfort, English author (The Joy of Sex), dies at 80
  • 2003 Daniel Patrick Moynihan, American politician and Senator (NY), dies at 72
British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
  • 2005 Gérard Filion, Quebec businessman and journalist (b. 1909)
  • 2006 Anil Biswas, Indian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2008 Robert Fagles, American translator and professor (b. 1933)
  • 2008 Wally Phillips, American radio personality (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Manuel Marulanda Velez aka Tirofijo, founder and lifelong leader of Colombian rebel group FARC-EP, dies of a heart attack at 77

Person of interestGeraldine Ferraro

2011 Geraldine Ferraro, American politician (US Representative from New York (D), 1979-85), and the 1st female vice-presidential nominee (1984), dies of nulitiple myelomaat 75

Congresswoman and 1st Female Vice-Presidential Nominee Geraldine Ferraro
Congresswoman and 1st Female Vice-Presidential Nominee
Geraldine Ferraro
  • 2011 Diana Wynne Jones, British fantasy writer (b. 1934)
  • 2011 Paul Baran, internet pioneer who helped create the technical underpinnings of Arpanet, dies at 84
  • 2013 Yury Rudov, Soviet fencer, dies at 82
  • 2015 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), dies at 83
  • 2016 Jim Harrison, American poet and novelist (Legends of the Fall), dies at 78