On This Day

On This Day in History for March 27

Events in History

  • 196 BC Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.
  • 1003 Peace deal signed between Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor and the pagan Wends (Slavs)
  • 1309 Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.
  • 1329 Pope John XXII issues his 'In Agro Dominico' condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1513 Spaniard Juan Ponce de León and his expedition first sight Florida

Explorer and Conquistador Juan Ponce de León
Explorer and Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León
  • 1599 English nobleman Robert Devereux becomes Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • 1613 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1625 Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland ascends the English throne

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1642 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 English king Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III flees to Dunkirk
  • 1709 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 1713 Spain loses Menorca and Gibraltar to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht
  • 1721 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • 1790 The modern shoelace with an aglet patented in England by Harvey Kennedy
  • 1794 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • 1794 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact
  • 1808 Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1814 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Sticks, part of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1836 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland, Ohio)
  • 1841 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC
  • 1848 John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 1849 Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill

InventionHistoric Invention

1855 Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner
  • 1860 M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1865 Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • 1866 Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1868 The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • 1879 Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • 1881 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire in England, to protest against the Salvation Army's daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance
  • 1884 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 1890 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • 1900 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • 1906 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1912 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.
  • 1914 1st successful non-direct blood transfusion is performed by Dr. Albert Hustin in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid

  • 1918 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania
  • 1920 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • 1924 Canada recognizes USSR
  • 1924 New French government of Poincaré begins
  • 1928 KGB-AM in San Diego CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea
  • 1933 Farm Credit Administration (US) authorized
  • 1933 Japan leaves League of Nations
  • 1933 Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett
  • 1936 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • 1938 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1940 Peter Fraser becomes Prime Minister of New Zealand after the death of his predecessor Michael Joeseph Savage from cancer

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser
  • 1941 Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Adolf Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
  • 1942 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • 1942 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • 1943 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau
  • 1943 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1944 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • 1944 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • 1944 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1945 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • 1945 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • 1948 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened
  • 1950 Netherlands recognizes People's Republic of China

MurderAssassination Attempt

1952 Failed assassination attempt of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1952 Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records
  • 1953 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • 1955 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours & Pajama Game win
  • 1956 French commandos land in Algeria
  • 1958 Havana Hilton opens in Cuba, later HQ for Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1961 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • 1961 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962 Ann Jellicoe's play "Knack" premieres in London
  • 1962 Archbishop Rummel ends race segregation in New Orleans Catholic schools
  • 1963 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
  • 1964 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)
  • 1964 The Great Alaska Earthquake (9.2 magnitude) and resulting tsunami kill 139 people in the largest US earthquake and second largest ever recorded
  • 1964 Great Train Robbers sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars
  • 1964 UN troops arrive in Cyprus
  • 1968 Japanese Trade & Cultural Center (Japan Center) dedicated in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Suharto officially succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1969 Black Academy of Arts & Letters forms in Boston
  • 1969 Launch of Mariner 7, flies 2,190-mi above southern Mars

Music releaseAlbum Release

1970 Ringo Starr releases his 1st solo album "Sentimental Journey"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) holds its first Annual Conference in the Ulster Hall in Belfast
  • 1972 Adolph Rupp retires after 42 years of coaching University of Kentucky
  • 1972 Venera 8 launches to explore Venus
  • 1972 Ulster Vanguard organise industrial strike against the imposition of direct rule on Northern Ireland by Westminster
  • 1976 Washington, D.C. underground Metro opens

PlaneTenerife Airport Disaster

1977 583 die in aviation's worst ever disaster when two Boeing 747s collide at Tenerife airport in Spain

Learn More
Wreckage from the two 747 jets after they collided in Tenerife Airport
Wreckage from the two 747 jets after they collided in Tenerife Airport
Learn More
  • 1978 The Rutles mockumentary "All You Need is Cash" is shown on British TV
  • 1979 US Supreme Court rules 8-1 that cops can't randomly stop cars

Birthdays in History

  • 972 Robert II of France [the Pious, the Wise], King of the Franks (996-1031), born in Orléans, France (d. 1031)
  • 1554 Eberhard Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1627)
  • 1627 Stephen Fox, English politician, born in Farley, Wiltshire (d. 1716)
  • 1665 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), born in Silesia, Poland (d. 1729)
  • 1676 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, born in Borsi, Royal Hungary (d. 1735)
  • 1712 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, born in Lyon, France (d. 1779)
  • 1714 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, born in Venice (d. 1795)
  • 1730 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, born in London (d. 1786)
  • 1746 Carlo Buonaparte, Corsican attorney and father of emperor Napoleon, born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Republic of Genoa (d. 1785)
  • 1746 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • 1765 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, born in Munich (d. 1841)
  • 1780 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • 1784 Jonathan Jennings, American politician (Governor of Indiana, 1816–1822; Congressman for Indiana, 1822–1831), born in Readington, New Jersey (d. 1834)
  • 1785 Louis XVII Charles, King of France (1793-95), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1795)
  • 1797 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), born in Loches, France (d. 1863)
  • 1809 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • 1810 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, born in Berlin (d. 1876)
  • 1810 William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, born in York, England (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Nathaniel Currier, American lithographer (Currier & Ives), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1817 Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss botanist (famous for his work on plant cells), born in Kilchberg, Switzerland (d. 1891)
  • 1823 Samuel Kosciusko Zook, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Tredyffrin Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1863)
  • 1839 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand and the founder of the Liberal Party, born in Glenavy, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1844 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

Person of interestWilhelm Röntgen

1845 Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province (d. 1923)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1847 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1931)
  • 1855 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1857 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar, born in Redding, Connecticut (d. 1924)
  • 1863 Henry Royce, English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England (d. 1933)
  • 1869 James McNeill, Irish politician, 2nd Governor-General of the Irish Free State, born in Glenarm, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1938)
  • 1871 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • 1871 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer, born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • 1883 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1886 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect (November Group), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1886 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader, born in Urzhum, Russia (d. 1934)
  • 1889 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1892 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1934)
  • 1893 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Ideology & Utopia), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1897 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1958)
  • 1897 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician and anti-fascist, born in Grossenhain, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1901 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1952-63), born in Madgeburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1901 Satō Eisaku, Japanese Prime Minister (1964-72), (Nobel 1974), born in Tabuse, Japan (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Mary Armour, Scottish painter, born in Blantyre (d. 2000)
  • 1905 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer, 1st female in Canada to get bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, born in Vancouver (d. 1980)
  • 1905 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, South African nutritional scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1908 Jacques [Izaak] den Haan, Dutch writer (Dangerous Book), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Golo Mann, German-American historian (Antisemitism), born in Munich (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Ai Qing, Chinese poet, born in Jinhua, Zhejiang province (d. 1996)

Person of interestJames Callaghan

1912 James Callaghan, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1976-79), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 2005)

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
  • 1913 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1917 Cyrus Vance, US Secretary of State (1977-80), born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Harry West, Irish politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (1974-79), born in Enniskillen, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Tom Bevill, American Democratic fifteen-term U.S. congressman, born in Townley, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Margaret Stacey, English sociologist who helped shape the distinctively British genre of empirical sociology, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Stefan Wul, French sci-fi author (The Temple of the Past), born in Paris (d. 2003)
  • 1923 Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American poet (Good News of Death), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Shūsaku Endō, Japanese writer (Sea & Poison, Silence), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Charles Henry Plumb, 15th President of the European Parliament, born in Warwickshire
  • 1925 John Bayley, English academic and writer (Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch), born in Lahore, British India (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Louis Blom-Cooper, barrister specialising in public and administrative law and co-editor of The Judicial House of Lords 1876–2009, born in London
  • 1926 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • 1927 Anthony Lewis, American columnist (NY Times) and author (Gideon's Trumpet), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lord Fanshawe of Richmond [Anthony Henry Fanshawe Royle], Conservative MP for Richmond (1959-83) (d. 2001)
  • 1928 Douglas Applegate, American politician, U.S. House of Representative from Ohio, born in Steubenville, Ohio
  • 1930 Bob den Uyl, Dutch journalist and writer (Bird Watching), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1931 Bob Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)
  • 1933 Frank Taylor, Chief Constable (Durham)
  • 1934 David Hancock, British civil servant, secretary (British Department of Education & Science), born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Istvan Csurka, Hungarian politician and writer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Michael Howard, 21st Earl of Suffolk and 14th Earl of Berkshire
  • 1935 Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer and novelist, born in San Pedro, Buenos Aires
  • 1935 Fr. Stanley Rother, American Roman Catholic priest, martyr and missionary to Guatemala, born in Okarche, Oklahoma (d. 1981)
  • 1937 Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter, born in Albany, New York
  • 1938 A J Bellingham, British haematologist and president (Royal College of Pathologists)
  • 1938 Jock Slater, British Admiral, First Sea Lord (1995-1998)
  • 1939 Jay Kim, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1939 Charles Lyell, 3rd Baron Lyell, British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Ruth Ashton, general secretary (Royal College of Midwives)
  • 1941 Charles Pashayan Jr., U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Fresno, California
  • 1941 Ivan Gašparovič, President of Slovakia (2004-14), born in Poltár, Slovak Republic
  • 1942 Raymond J. McGrath, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Valley Stream, New York
  • 1942 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Michael Jackson, British writer and journalist, born in Wetherby, Yorkshire (d. 2007)
  • 1943 Milton Robert Carr, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1975-81, 83-95), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • 1943 Phil Frank, American cartoonist (Farley, The Elderberries comics), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1947 Daphne Todd, English artist and president (Royal Society of Portrait Painters), born in York
  • 1947 Walt Mossberg, American journalist, the highest-paid journalist at the Wall Street Journal, born in Warwick, Rhode Island
  • 1949 Patrick Deuchar, CEO (Albert Hall)
  • 1950 Petros Efthymiou, Greek politician (Panhellenic Socialist Movement), born in Larissa, Thessaly
  • 1955 Patrick McCabe, Irish novelist (The Butcher Boy), born in Clones, County Monaghan
  • 1955 Mariano Rajoy, Spanish politician, Prime Minister of Spain (2011-18), born in Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • 1957 Nicholas Hawkins, British politician (Conservatives 1992-2005)
  • 1958 Susan Molinari, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Clare Lucy Madeleine Evans, historian
  • 1967 Paul Adams, American celebrity
  • 1970 Princess Leila Pahlavi of Iran, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2001)
  • 1981 Carey Davis, American National Football League fullback, born in St. Louis, Missouri

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1958 Writer Gabriel García Márquez (31) weds Mercedes Barcha

Colombian Writer Gabriel García Márquez
Colombian Writer
Gabriel García Márquez

LoveWedding of Interest

1998 Novelist Danielle Steel (50) weds financier Thomas James Perkins (66)

Novelist Danielle Steel
Danielle Steel

Deaths in History

  • 710 Rupert of Salzburg, saint and Bishop of Worms and Salzberg
  • 922 Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur, Persian mystic, beheaded at 64
  • 965 Arnulf I, the Elder/the Great, count of Flanders (918-65), dies
  • 973 Herman, Duke of Saxony
  • 1378 Gregory XI [Pierre R the Beaufort], last French Pope (1370-78), dies
  • 1462 Vasili II 'the Blind' Grand Prince of Moscow, dies at 47
  • 1472 Janus Pannonius, Hungarian poet and translator, dies at 37
  • 1482 Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and his successor, dies falling off her horse (b. 1457)
  • 1555 William Hunter, Protestant martyr
  • 1572 Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523)

Person of interestJames I and VI

1625 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), dies of dysentery at 58

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1635 Robert Naunton, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1679 Abraham Mignon, Dutch still life painter, dies at 38
  • 1697 Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate, last governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 93
  • 1701 Anne Hilarion de Cotentin, count of Tourville/Fr admiral, dies at 58
  • 1714 Anton Ulrich, German duke of Brunswick/poet, dies at 80
  • 1714 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (1670-99), dies at 63
  • 1770 Giovanni B Tiepolo, Italian painter (Banquet of Cleopatra), dies at 73
  • 1809 Joseph-Marie Vien, French court painter, dies at 92
  • 1827 François Alexandre Frédéric, French social reformer (b. 1747)
  • 1836 James Fannin, Texas revolutionary (b. 1804)
  • 1843 Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
  • 1849 Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford (b. 1776)
  • 1850 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1864 Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)
  • 1865 Petrus Hoffman Peerlkamp, Dutch scholar (b. 1786)
  • 1873 Amedée Simon Dominique Thierry, French journalist and historian (b. 1797)
  • 1875 Edgar Quinet, French historian (b. 1803)
  • 1878 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), dies at 44
  • 1878 George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies
  • 1889 John Bright, English reform politician and anti0war advocate, dies at 77
  • 1894 Verney Lovett Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), dies at 49
  • 1897 Andreas Anagnostakis, Greek physician (b. 1826)
  • 1898 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80
  • 1900 Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69
  • 1910 Alexander Agassiz, American biologist and geologist, dies at 74

Person of interestSusan Blow

1916 Susan Blow, American educator who pioneered kindergarten education and was known as the "Mother of the Kindergarten", dies at 72

Educator and Kindergarten Director Susan Blow
Educator and Kindergarten Director
Susan Blow
  • 1920 Johan G Danser, Dutch poet (Meetings), dies at 26
  • 1923 James Dewar, Scottish chemist and physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet), dies at 80
  • 1925 Carl Neumann, German mathematician and physicist (Neumann-functions), dies at 92
  • 1929 Samuil Shatunovsky, Ukrainian mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1931 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), dies at 63
  • 1934 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, dies at 89
  • 1938 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), dies at 66
  • 1939 Constance Lindsay Skinner, Quesnel British Columbia, Canadian author (Rivers of America), dies at 57

Person of interestMichael Joseph Savage

1940 Michael Joseph Savage, Australian-born New Zealand politician and first Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand (1935-40), dies of colon cancer at 68

New Zealand Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage
New Zealand Prime Minister
Michael Joseph Savage
  • 1943 Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1), killed in crash
  • 1945 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish writer (romance), dies at 42
  • 1956 Frans Beelaerts van Blokland, minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 84
  • 1966 Mien Labberton, Dutch poet, dies at 82
  • 1967 Gerardus H de Vet, the Bold, bishop of Breda (1962-67), dies at 49
  • 1967 Jim Thompson, American designer (disappeared) (b. 1906)

Person of interestYuri Gagarin

1968 Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), dies in a Mig-15 plane crash at 34

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin
  • 1969 B[runo] Traven, writer (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre), writer whose identity is disputed, dies at possibly 87
  • 1972 M. C. Escher, Dutch graphic artist and lithograph carver (Praedestinatie), dies at 73
  • 1977 A. P. Hamann, American politician and city manager of San Jose, California, dies in the Tenerife airport disaster at 67
  • 1981 Mao Dun [Shen Dehong], Chinese writer (Midnight), dies at 84
  • 1986 Cass Canfield, US publisher, dies at 88
  • 1987 Lloyd Goodrich, American Arts Museum director, dies at 90
  • 1988 Jan van den Weghe, Flemish writer, dies at about 67
  • 1992 Easley Blackwood, expert bridge player, dies at 89
  • 1992 Gerry Duggan, dies at 82
  • 1992 James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68), dies at 84
  • 1992 Martin Engelman, Dutch cartoonist, painter and graphic artist, dies at 68
  • 1993 Carlos Gimenez, Argentine-Venezuelan director (Theater Festival of Caracas), dies at 47
  • 1993 Katherine Hynes De Groot, dies of stroke at 88
  • 1993 Willem Russell [Wilhelmus Matthias Josephus Russell], Dutch politician (KVP, CDA), dies at 74
  • 1994 Dennis Hartas, flier, dies at 69
  • 1995 Albert Drach, Austrian-Jewish writer, dies at 92
  • 1995 Bernard Cornfeld, Romanian/US financier (Fund of Funds), dies at 67
  • 1998 Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (Porsche AG), dies at 88
  • 1998 David McClelland, American psychologist (b. 1917)
  • 2003 Ricardo Munguia, Salvadoran aid worker
  • 2003 Paul Zindel, American writer (b. 1936)
  • 2005 Wilfred Bigelow, Canadian heart surgeon (b. 1913)
  • 2006 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet, writer, artist and gardener, dies at 80
  • 2006 Stanisław Lem, Polish writer (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Ruari McLean, British typographer (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Lyn Nofziger, American journalist and political advisor to Ronald Reagan, dies of cancer at 81
  • 2007 Paul Lauterbur, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1929)
  • 2008 George Pruteanu, Romanian literary critic and politician (b. 1947)
  • 2009 Jack Dreyfus, American businessman (b. 1913)
  • 2010 Vasily Smyslov, Russian grandmaster (b. 1921)
  • 2012 Adrienne Rich, American feminist poet and essayist (Diving into the Wreck), dies from complications of rheumatoid arthritis at 82
  • 2012 Hilton Kramer, American art critic, dies from heart failure at 84
  • 2012 Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian writer and playwright, dies at 88
  • 2016 Mother Angelica, Catholic American Franciscan nun, dies at 92
  • 2017 David Storey, British novelist and playwright (This Sporting Life), dies at 83
  • 2017 Chelsea Brown, American comedienne (Laugh-in, Matt Lincoln), dies at 74