On This Day

On This Day in History for March 28

Events in History

RomanRoman Empire

37 Roman Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, better known as Caligula (which means "little soldier's boots"), accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate

3rd Roman Emperor Caligula
3rd Roman Emperor
  • 193 Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
  • 364 Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor
  • 519 Pope Hormisdas reunites the Eastern and Western church, ending the Acacian schism in a ceremony in the cathedral of Constantinople
  • 1535 Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked & destroyed in Friesland
  • 1556 Karel V's son Philip II crowned King of Spain
  • 1556 Origin of Fasli Era (India)
  • 1738 Parliament sends an address to the king requesting that he demand redress from Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)
  • 1774 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • 1776 Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco
  • 1794 Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • 1794 Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau
  • 1795 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1796 Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is 1st US-African church
  • 1797 Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patents a washing machine
  • 1799 New York State abolishes slavery
  • 1802 Wilhelm Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man
  • 1804 Ohio passes law restricting movement of Blacks
  • 1809 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin
  • 1834 Senate censure President Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US
  • 1844 Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio" premieres in Madrid
  • 1845 Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • 1854 Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War
  • 1860 First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins in New Zealand
  • 1862 Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • 1866 1st ambulance goes into service
  • 1871 San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 "Greatest Show On Earth" formed by P. T. Barnum and James Anthony Bailey

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman James Anthony Bailey
Circus Showman and Businessman
James Anthony Bailey

A Salute To The Salvation ArmyA Salute To The Salvation Army

1885 US Salvation Army officially organized

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Jean Simmons as a Salvation Army sergeant who falls for Marlon Brando in the 1955 movie, Guys and Dolls
Jean Simmons as a Salvation Army sergeant who falls for Marlon Brando in the 1955 movie, Guys and Dolls
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  • 1902 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1904 Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • 1905 The Lawa railway from Paramaribo to Dam railway opens in Suriname
  • 1910 1st seaplane takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)
  • 1913 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1916 First performance of "Jerusalem" by George Parry set to words by William Blake at a 'Fight for Right' meeting at the Queen’s Hall, London

Poet and Artist William Blake
Poet and Artist
William Blake
  • 1917 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities
  • 1917 Puccini's "La Rondine" premieres in Monte Carlo

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1920 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states
  • 1920 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks and Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • 1922 1st microfilm device introduced
  • 1924 WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 1927 Majestic Theater opens at 245 W 44th St NYC
  • 1929 Democratic constitution goes into effect in Ecuador

Istanbul – The Queen of CitiesIstanbul – The Queen of Cities

1930 Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara

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The magnificent Hagia Sophia ranked as the world's largest cathedral for a thousand years
The magnificent Hagia Sophia ranked as the world's largest cathedral for a thousand years
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InventionHistoric Invention

1935 Robert Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1939 Dutch hunter shoots down British bombers
  • 1939 Philip Barry's comic play "Philadelphia Story" about a socialite's impending wedding premieres at the Shubert Theater in NYC; star Katherine Hepburn also led the 1940 film version

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1939 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to the Nationalists headed by Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1940 Construction begins of the exhibition center to host the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair
  • 1941 Sea battle at Cape Matapan: British fleet under Cunningham defeats Italy
  • 1942 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • 1942 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • 1942 St. Nazaire Raid (Operation Chariot): obsolete British destroyer HMS Campbeltown, rigged with explosives and flying German flags, rams gates of German occupied St Nazaire port in France, and self detonates; kills 360 Germans, and disables the dry dock for duration of the war
  • 1944 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing "Pippi Longstocking"
  • 1945 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • 1946 Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  • 1952 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1953 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • 1953 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1959 11 days after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet's government & installs Panchen Lama
  • 1960 Pope John appoints the first Japanese, African & Filipino cardinals
  • 1960 Scotch whisky factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1962 Military coup in Syria, President Nazim al-Kudsi flees
  • 1964 1st pirate radio station near England (Radio Caroline)
  • 1967 UN Secretary General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1969 Pope Paul VI names JGM Willebrands cardinal

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1970 1,086 die when 7.4 quake destroys 254 villages in Gediz Turkey
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Morarji Desai forms a government in India
  • 1978 Daryl Gates becomes the 49th Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department
  • 1979 British government of Prime Minister Jim Callaghan (Labour Party) falls
  • 1979 A partial meltdown at Three Mile Island nuclear plant in the US results in the release of radioactive gas and iodine into the atmosphere but no deaths
  • 1981 East German Christa Rothenburger skates ladies' world record 500 m (40.18 sec); she later breaks her own record twice
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1981 Gabi Schonbrunn skates ladies world record 3 km (4:21.70)
  • 1981 Viv Richards scores century in the 1st Test at his home Antigua
  • 1981 Yevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (36.91 secs)
  • 1982 12th Easter Seal Telethon raises $19,500,000
  • 1982 JN Duartes' Christian Democrats win elections in El Salvador
  • 1985 International Cometary Explorer measures solar wind ahead of Halley

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1985 Neil Simon's play "Biloxi Blues" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1985 STS 51-D vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Extremist Sikhs kill 13 Hindus in Ludhiana, India
  • 1986 John N McMahon, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1987 Stacking of Discovery's SRBs gets underway
  • 1992 Ann Transon runs female world record 50k (3:35:31)
  • 1992 PBA National Championship Won by Eric Forkel
  • 1993 Conservatives win French parliamentary election
  • 1993 Type II supernova detected in M81 (NGC 3031)
  • 1994 Armed Zulus demonstrate in Johannesburg, over 53 killed
  • 1994 Italy's right-wing alliance under Silvio Berlusconi wins election
  • 1994 BBC Radio Five Live broadcasts for first time in United Kingdom
  • 1995 World's largest bank-Japan's Mitsubishi Bank & Bank of Tokyo merge
  • 2000 A Murray County, Georgia, school bus is hit by a CSX freight train (3 children die in this accident).
  • 2003 In a "friendly fire" incident, two US A-10 Thunderbolt IIs from the 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull
  • 2005 The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.
  • 2006 At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed take to the streets in France in protest at the government's proposed First Employment Contract law.

PandemicSwine Flu Pandemic

2009 The first cases of H1N1 swine flu in the United States occur in two people in California

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President Barack Obama receives his flu jab during the 2009 swine flu pandemic
President Barack Obama receives his flu jab during the 2009 swine flu pandemic
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  • 2013 143 rebels and 20 government troop are killed in conflict in Pibor County, Sudan

Birthdays in History

  • 1468 Charles I, Duke of Savoy (1482-90), born in Carignano, Piedmont (d. 1490)
  • 1472 Fra Bartolommeo, Florentine Renaissance painter (The Last Judgement), born in Florence (d. 1517)
  • 1483 Raphael Sanzio, Italian painter and master builder (Madonna Sistina School of Athens), born in Urbino, (d. 1520) Gregorian calendar date
  • 1515 Teresa of Avila/Teresa de Jesus, Spanish mystic writer/saint, born in Gotarrendura, Ávila (d. 1582)
  • 1522 Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth, born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 1557)
  • 1569 Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (1592-1622), born in Parma, Italy (d. 1622)
  • 1592 John Amos Comenius, Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer, born in Margraviate of Moravia, Crown of Bohemia (Nivnice, Czech Republic) (d. 1670)
  • 1599 Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer, born in Brielle, Netherlands (d. 1658)
  • 1613 Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, Empress of Manchu (1643-62) (d. 1688)
  • 1615 Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent and diplomat (First Stadtholderless Period of the Dutch Republic), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1678)
  • 1652 Samuel Sewall, English-American judge and businessman, born in Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England (d. 1730)
  • 1660 Arnold Houbraken, Dutch painter and writer, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1719)
  • 1725 Andrew Kippis, English non-conformist clergyman and biographer, born in Nottingham (d. 1795)
  • 1727 Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bayern (1745-77), born in Munich (d. 1777)
  • 1729 Pieter Fouquet, Dutch art merchant (Atlas of Fouquet), born in Amsterdam (d. 1800)
  • 1750 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan freedom fighter, born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1816)
  • 1760 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation), born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1846)
  • 1770 Sophie Mereau, German writer, born in Altenburg, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1773 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general and engineer, born in Châteauroux, France (d. 1844)
  • 1793 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist, born in Guilderland, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1795 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1799 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1806 Ludolph Anne Jan Wilt Sloet van de Beele, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1861-66), born in Voorst, Batavian Republic (d. 1890)
  • 1806 Thomas Hare, English barrister and political reformer, born in England (d. 1891)
  • 1815 Arsène Houssaye, French novelist and poet, born in Bruyères, France (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Wade Hampton, American politician, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1902)
  • 1819 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (London's Metropolitan Board of Works), born in Clay Hill, Enfield, London (d. 1891)
  • 1836 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1840 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), born in Oppeln, Silesia (d. 1892)
  • 1849 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (translations of the Avesta, the sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism), born in Château-Salins, France (d. 1894)
  • 1851 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (1915–17, 1925–26), born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1944)
  • 1853 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), born in Eningen, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1929)

Person of interestAristide Briand

1862 Aristide Briand, 11 time Prime Minister of France (1909-22) and 1926 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Nantes, France (d. 1932)

11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • 1868 Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter and illustrator, born in Solothurn, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1868 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1872 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1891 Karel M J F Cruysberghs, Flemish author
  • 1891 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag), born in Hatten, Germany (d. 1959)
  • 1892 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist (Nobel 1938), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • 1892 Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • 1893 Spyros Skouras, Greek-born American movie executive (20th Century Fox), born in Skourohorion, Greece (d. 1971)
  • 1895 Spencer W. Kimball, American 12th President of the Latter-day Saints (1973-1985), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1985)
  • 1895 Christian Herter, American Republican politician, 59th Governor of Massachusetts (1953-57) and US Secretary of State (1959-61), born in Paris, France (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Sepp Herberger, German football coach and manager (West German National Team), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Harold B. Lee, American religious leader, Head of Latter-day Saints, born in Clifton, Idaho (d. 1973)
  • 1907 Irving "Swifty" Lazar, American talent agent, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1909 Nelson Algren, American novelist (Man with the Golden Arm), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1981)
  • 1910 Ingrid, Queen Mother of Denmark, Wife of King Frederik IX, ruler of Denmark (1947-72), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2000)
  • 1910 Frederick Baldwin Adams Jr., American librarian and director of the Pierpont Morgan Library, born in Greenwich, Connecticut (d. 2001)
  • 1911 Myfanwy Piper, British librettist and art critic, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1911 J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language, born in Lancaster (d. 1960)
  • 1912 A. Bertram Chandler, Anglo-Australian mariner and sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space), born in Aldershot, England (d. 1984)
  • 1912 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator, born in Moscow (d. 1943)
  • 1914 Bohumil Hrabal, Czech writer (Closely Observed Trains), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Dick Norris, Australian entomologist, born in Geraldton, Western Australia (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Selma Rubin, American environmental activist (Earth Day co-founder), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Eugene A. Chappie, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • 1920 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • 1922 Neville Bonner, the first Indigenous Australian to become a member of the Parliament of Australia, born in Ukerebagh Island, New South Wales (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Gerhard Fritsch, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1969)
  • 1924 Peter Baer, German-British artist and printmaker, born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba, born in Madrid (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Marianne Fredriksson, Swedish author (Simon and the Oaks), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Zbigniew Brzezinski, national security advisor (Carter), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Alexander Grothendieck, German-French mathematician, born in Berlin (d. 2014)
  • 1929 Aubrey Joseph Watson Sr., bishop
  • 1930 Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1930 George Bruce, British portrait painter, born in London
  • 1932 Sven Oskar Lindqvist, Swedish writer (Myten om Wu Tao-tzu), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1933 Li Xueqin, Chinese eminent historian, archaeologist, and palaeographer, born in Beijing, China (d. 2019)
  • 1936 Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, poet, journalist, presidential candidate and Nobel Prize Laureate (Aunt Julia), born in Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru
  • 1936 Amancio Ortega, Spanish businessman and one of the wealthiest people in the world, (founder of the Inditex fashion group), born in Busdongo de Arbás, Spain
  • 1942 Neil Kinnock, Leader of the British opposition (Labour Party), born in Tredegar, Wales
  • 1942 Daniel Dennett, American philosopher, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1942 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard, born in Zschochau, Saxony, Nazi Germany (d. 1998)
  • 1945 Hans Brunhart, Leader of Liechtenstein (1978-93), born in Balzers, Liechtenstein
  • 1945 Count Björn Hamilton, Swedish politician, count and engineer, born in Gothenburg, Sweden

Person of interestRodrigo Duterte

1945 Rodrigo Duterte, Philippines politician, President of the Philippines (2016-), born in Maasin, Leyte, Philippines

President of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte
President of the Philippines
Rodrigo Duterte
  • 1946 Alejandro Toledo, 63rd President of Peru (2001-06), born in Cabana, Peru
  • 1946 Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut, born in Almelo Netherlands, (d. 2014)
  • 1947 Bruce Gilbert, English producer (China Syndrome, 9 to 5, On Golden Pond), born in Watford, Hertfordshire, England
  • 1947 John Landecker, American disk jockey, born in Michigan
  • 1948 Gerry House, American radio personality (Gerry House and the House Foundation), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1949 Michael W. Young, American geneticist noted for work studying circadian rhythms (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2017), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1951 Chip Reese, American poker player (3 x World Series of Poker bracelets), born in Centerville, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • 1953 Nydia M Velazquez, Puerto Rican politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
  • 1953 Melchior Ndadaye, 1st Hutu President of Burundi (1993), born in Nyabihanga, Burundi (d. 1993)
  • 1954 Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer (d. 1985)
  • 1955 John Alderdice, Northern Irish politician, born in Ballymena, Northern Ireland
  • 1960 José Maria Neves, Prime Minister of Cape Verde (2001-16), born in Santa Catarina, Cape Verde
  • 1960 Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt, French author and dramatist (Concerto to the Memory of an Angel), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Rhône
  • 1963 Bernice King, daughter of Martin Luther King Jr., born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1968 Iris Chang, American author and journalist, born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 2004)
  • 1970 Michelle Gildernew, Irish republican politician
  • 1974 Scott Mills, British radio disc jockey
  • 1977 Lauren Weisberger, American novelist
  • 1986 Robert Bowdrie "Bowe" Bergdahl, American soldier held captive in Afghanistan, born in Sun Valley, Idaho

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1772 Charles Edward Stuart 'the Young Pretender' (52) marries by proxy Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (20)

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie

Divorces in History

  • 1849 Dutch princess Marianne & Prince Albert of Prussia separate

Deaths in History

  • 193 Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (Year of the Five Emperors), assassinated at 66
  • 593 Guntram, French King in Burgundy, dies at about 67
  • 1072 Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (1059-1072)
  • 1134 Stefanus Harding, 3rd abbott of Côteaux/saint, dies
  • 1239 Go-Toba, 82nd Emperor of Japan, dies at 58
  • 1285 Pope Martin IV (Simon de Brion), reigned 1281-85.
  • 1566 Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat, dies at 79

Person of interestIvan the Terrible

1584 Ivan IV [Ivan the Terrible], Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53 [O.S. 18 Mar]

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1673 Adam Pijnacker, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, buried at 51
  • 1677 Václav [Wenceslaus] Hollar, Bohemian-born etcher, dies at about 69
  • 1687 Constantijn Huygens, Dutch diplomat and poet, dies at 90
  • 1701 Domenico Guidi, Italian sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1712 Jan van der Heyden, Dutch painter and inventor (fire hose; street lighting), dies at 75

MurderMarquis de Condorcet

1794 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1799 Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55
  • 1801 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • 1828 William Thornton, British-American architect (Capitol Building in Washington, D.C), dies at 68
  • 1840 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89
  • 1849 Stephan Endlicher, Austrian botanist, dies at 44
  • 1850 Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)
  • 1863 James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brigadier general, dies at 52
  • 1865 Albert G Bilders, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26
  • 1866 Solomon Foot, American politician (U.S. Senator from Vermont, 1851-66) and attorney, dies at 63
  • 1868 James Brudenell, British 7th Earl of Cardigan (led the Charge of the Light Brigade during Crimean War), dies at about 70
  • 1870 George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)
  • 1874 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer (Hansen hypothesis), dies at 78
  • 1887 Ditler G Monrad, Danish bishop/premier (1863-..), dies at 75
  • 1889 Matilde "Tillie" Ziegler, killed by husband William Kemmler
  • 1896 E Rundle Charles, writer, dies
  • 1908 John Eliot, English meteorologist, dies at 68
  • 1910 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1837)
  • 1910 William Paul Roberts, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 68
  • 1929 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (b. 1861)
  • 1939 Francis Matthew John Baker, Australian politician (b. 1903)

Person of interestVirginia Woolf

1941 Virginia Woolf-Stephen [Adeline], British writer (To Lighthouse), dies from suicide at 59

  • 1941 Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian Police Commissioner (b. 1877)
  • 1942 Herman Adriaan van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1918-27), dies at 67
  • 1942 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), dies at 31
  • 1944 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by Nazis
  • 1944 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • 1947 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (b. 1897)
  • 1948 Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon, dies at 77
  • 1954 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (In South Africa), dies at 69
  • 1957 Gheorge Tatarescu, Romanian politician (Prime Minister. 1933-37 and 1939-40; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1945-48), dies at 70
  • 1957 Christopher Morley, American author (Kitty Foil), dies at 66
  • 1962 Hugo Wast, Argentine writer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 Mary [Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary], Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood and daughter of George V, dies at 67
  • 1965 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (b. 1888)
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1969 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi, dies at 84
  • 1973 Hakuun Yasutani, Zen teacher/co-founder (Sanbo Kyodan), dies
  • 1979 Emmett Kelly, American circus clown (Weary Willy), dies at 80
  • 1982 William Giauque, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1983 Martinus A. Jansen, Bishop of Rotterdam (1956-70), dies at 77
  • 1984 Kenneth Whitty, 1st sec at British Embassy in Athens, shot dead
  • 1984 Benjamin Mays, African-American educator (Morehouse, Howard University) and civil rights leader, dies at 89
  • 1985 Marc Chagall, French painter, dies at 97
  • 1992 Wendell Mayes, writer, dies of cancer at 72
  • 1993 Scott Cunningham, Occult author (b. 1956)
  • 1994 Albert Goldman, American rock biographer (Lives of John Lennon; Elvis), dies at 66
  • 1994 Eugene Ionesco, Romanian-French playwright (Rhinoceros, Bald Soprano), dies at 84
  • 1994 John Logan Gorlay, journalist, dies at 74
  • 1995 Vivienne Byerley, publicist, dies at 88
  • 1995 William Hayter, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-57), dies at 88
  • 1996 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, dies at 95
  • 1996 David Band, British banker (BZW), dies at 53
  • 1996 Edith Fowke, Canadian folklorist, dies at 82
  • 1996 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1996 James Herbert Lloyd Morrell, bishop, dies at 89
  • 1996 Shin Kanemaru, Japanese politician (Deputy Prime Minister 1986-87), dies at 81
  • 1996 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, British bibliophile, dies at 87
  • 2000 Anthony Powell, British novelist (b. 1905)
  • 2004 Art James, American game show host (b. 1929)
  • 2006 Caspar Weinberger, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Charles Schepens, American ophthalmologist (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Kevin Pro Hart, Australian artist (b. 1928)
  • 2012 John Arden, English novelist and playwright (Left Handed Liberty), dies at 81
  • 2012 Hans van den Doel, Dutch politician and economist (PvdA), dies at 74
  • 2016 Peggy Fortnum, British Illustrator (first to draw Paddington Bear), dies at 96
  • 2017 Ahmed "Kathy" Kathrada, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, dies at 87
  • 2020 Azam Khan, Pakistani squash player (British Open 1959-62), dies from COVID-19 at 95
  • 2020 Tom Coburn, American politician (Sen-R-Oklahoma 2005-2015, Rep-R-Oklahoma 1995-2001), dies at 72