On This Day

On This Day in History for March 29

Events in History

  • 502 King Gundobar of Burgundy delegates royal power

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1461 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Duke Edward of York defeats the Lancastrian army, deposes King Henry VI and Queen Margaret of Anjou and proclaims himself as King Edward IV

Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England Margaret of Anjou
Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England
Margaret of Anjou
  • 1549 The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded
  • 1632 Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed, returns Quebec to French control after the English seized it in 1629
  • 1638 1st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1673 English King Charles II accepts Test Act: Roman Catholics excluded from public functions

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

AssassinationAssassination of King Gustav III

1792 King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.

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The masquerade costume worn by Gustav III when he was shot in the back by an assassin
The masquerade costume worn by Gustav III when he was shot in the back by an assassin
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  • 1798 Republic of Switzerland forms
  • 1799 New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state
  • 1804 Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
  • 1806 Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway
  • 1809 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • 1831 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
  • 1847 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico

Famous PhotoNiagara Falls Stops Flowing

1848 Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam

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The flow of water stops completely over both of Niagara's two falls due to an ice jam in the upper river
The flow of water stops completely over both of Niagara's two falls due to an ice jam in the upper river
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  • 1849 Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India

  • 1850 SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • 1852 Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 and women to work more than 10 hours a day
  • 1860 Dion Boucicault's play "Colleen Bawn" premieres in NYC
  • 1864 Great Britain gives the Ionian Islands back to Greece
  • 1864 Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia, Arkansas
  • 1865 -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, Virginia, 7582 killed
  • 1865 Battle of Lewis's Farm [alt. Quaker Road, Gravelly Run], in Dinwiddie County, Virginia begins (Union victory)
  • 1867 British North America Act (Canadian constitution) is given Royal Assent
  • 1867 Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1882 Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • 1897 Japan adopts Gold Standard
  • 1901 Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia's first parliamentary election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott
  • 1924 Bavaria & Vatican reach accord
  • 1927 Henry O D Seagrave races his Sunbeam to a record 203.79 mph at Daytona
  • 1928 Yeshiva College (now University) chartered (NYC)
  • 1930 Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
  • 1934 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • 1936 10,000 watch the 200-inch mirror blank passing through Indianapolis

  • 1936 Nazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates
  • 1942 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • 1942 British destroyer HMS Campbeltown explodes in St Nazaire: 400 Germans die
  • 1942 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • 1942 Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city
  • 1943 Meat (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II
  • 1945 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England
  • 1949 Turkey recognizes Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 American citizens Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted and sentenced to death for conspiracy to commit espionage for the Soviet Union

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1961 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1961 Economist John Kenneth Galbraith is appointed US Ambassador to India

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • 1962 Argentine President Arturo Frondizi flees from the army
  • 1962 Jack Paar's final appearance on the "The Tonight Show"
  • 1968 Students seize building at Bowie State College
  • 1969 Communist New People's Army found in Philippines
  • 1971 1st Lt William L Calley Jr found guilty in My Lai (Vietnam) massacre
  • 1971 Chile president Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines
  • 1971 Conrad Van Emde Boas becomes West Europe's 1st sexology professor
  • 1971 Development of a serum hepatitis vaccine for children announced
  • 1973 US troops leave Vietnam, 9 yrs after Tonkin Resolution
  • 1974 Mariner 10's, 1st fly-by of Mercury, returns photos

Historic DiscoveryTerracotta Army Discovered

1974 Chinese farmers discover the Terracotta Army near Xi'an, 8,000 clay warrior statues buried to guard the tomb of China's 1st emperor, Qin Shi Huang

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The Terracotta army standing guarding at the tomb of China's 1st emperor, Qin Shi Huang
The Terracotta army standing guarding at the tomb of China's 1st emperor, Qin Shi Huang
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  • 1976 8 Ohio National Guardsmen indicted for shooting 4 Kent State students
  • 1979 Andrew Hilditch given out handled the ball v Pakistan at WACA
  • 1979 Caryl Churchill's "Cloud Nine" premieres in London
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Delhi 707 beat Karnataka 705 on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Christos Sartzetakis elected President of Greece
  • 1987 Yitzḥak Shamir re-elected chairman of right wing Likud Party
  • 1988 US Congress discontinues aid to Nicaraguan contras
  • 1989 1st US private commercial rocket makes suborbital test flight (NM)

FranceLouvre Pyramid

1989 I. M. Pei's pyramidal entrance to the Louvre opens in Paris

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I. M. Pei's masterpiece at night in the main courtyard (Cour Napoléon) of the Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre)
I. M. Pei's masterpiece at night in the main courtyard (Cour Napoléon) of the Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre)
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  • 1989 Michael Milken, junk bond king, indicted in NY for racketeering
  • 1992 Herb Gardner's "Conversations With My Father" premieres in NYC
  • 1992 Ice Pairs Championship at Oakland won by Mishuktienok & Dmitriev (CIS)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Serbs & Croats sign a cease-fire to end the war in Croatia

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman
  • 1995 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Chicago IL on WCKG 105.9 FM
  • 1997 PBA National Championship Won by Rick Steelsmith
  • 1998 Vasco da Gama Road bridge opens in Lisbon, Portugal as the longest bridge in Europe
  • 1999 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 - above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever
  • 2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004 The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants
  • 2010 Two female suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40
  • 2013 10 people are killed and 31 are injured by a blast outside the US consulate in Pakistan
  • 2013 23 people are killed by coordinated bombings on Shiite mosques in Iraq
  • 2013 36 people are killed after a 16-floor building collapses in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 2013 UN regulation of international arms trade is blocked by North Korea, Iran, and Syria
  • 2013 Soyuz TMA-08M sets a new record of 6 hours in orbit before docking with the International Space Station
  • 2013 American horse, Animal Kingdom, wins the 2013 Dubai World Cup
  • 2014 Andrej Kiska is elected President of Slovakia
  • 2014 First same-sex couples marry in the UK as a result of the passing of The Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013
  • 2015 Nigerian General Election - voting is extended to a 2nd day. death toll from Boko Haram attacks at 43

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Ivanka Trump assumes an unpaid position as Advisor to the President, Donald Trump

Businesswoman and Adviser to Donald Trump Ivanka Trump
Businesswoman and Adviser to Donald Trump
Ivanka Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump

AgreementTreaty of Interest

2017 UK Prime Minister Theresa May sends a letter to the EU invoking Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, formally triggering Brexit

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
  • 2017 Man's body found inside a 7m long reticulated python in Sulawesi, Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Joe Biden accused of an inappropriate kiss by fellow Democrat Lucy Flores

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari orders a lockdown in the cities of Lagos and Abuja after the country records 97 COVID-19 cases and one death

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
  • 2020 US infectious disease expert Antony Fauci warns America may see between 100,000 - 200,000 deaths from coronavirus COVID-19

Birthdays in History

  • 1517 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1561)
  • 1553 Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek Renaissance poet, born in Trapezonda, Sitia, Kingdom of Candia (d. 1613 or 1614)
  • 1561 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), born in Venice (d. 1636)
  • 1584 Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general, born in Yorkshire (d. 1648)
  • 1602 John Lightfoot, English theologist and scholar (Horae Hebraicae), born in Stoke-on-Trent, England (d. 1675)
  • 1668 Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist (Founder of the Foundling Hospital), born in Lyme Regis, Dorset (d. 1751)
  • 1713 John Ponsonby, Irish politician (d. 1789)
  • 1769 Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal, 10th Prime Minister of France, born in Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, France (d. 1851)

Person of interestJohn Tyler

1790 John Tyler, 10th US President (1841-45), born in Charles City County, Virginia (d. 1862)

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler

Person of interestEdward Smith-Stanley

1799 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), born in Knowsley, England (d. 1869)

British Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley
British Prime Minister
Edward Smith-Stanley
  • 1813 John Letcher, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia, born in Lexington, Virginia (d. 1884)
  • 1816 James Gallant Spears, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Bledsoe County, Tennessee (d. 1869)
  • 1816 Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama, born in Chamdo (d. 1837)
  • 1817 Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov, Russian historian and poet, born in Novo-Aksakovo, Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1819 Edwin Drake, American businessman who drilled 1st productive US oil well, born in Greenville, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1819 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), born in Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • 1821 Joshua Thomas Owen, British-American educator, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Carmarthen, United Kingdom (d. 1887)
  • 1822 Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter (landscape paintings), born in Namen, Belgium (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1826 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), born in Giessen, Germany (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Ritta & Christina Parodi, Siamese twins, born in Sassare, Sardinia (d. 1829)
  • 1829 Robert Emmet Rodes, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Lynchburg, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1831 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)
  • 1840 Matteo Albertone, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Alessandria (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, born in Sheshurino, Russia (d. 1925)
  • 1869 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), born in Humpolec, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1869 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (Tensor calculus), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1941)
  • 1874 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 1944)
  • 1876 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • 1883 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, American chemist (Micromanometric analysis), born in Pike, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1888 A. M. de Jong, Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak), born in Nieuw-Vossemeer, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1888 James E. Casey, American businessman and founder (United Parcel Service), born in Candelaria, Nevada (d. 1983)
  • 1890 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London (d. 1960)
  • 1891 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), born in Saint-Dié (d. 1950)
  • 1891 Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz), born in Neutitschein, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • 1892 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)
  • 1893 Dora Carrington, British Bloomsbury artist, born in Hereford, Herefordshire (d. 1932)
  • 1895 Ernst Jünger, German author and entomologist (Storm of Steel), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1998)
  • 1898 Cecil Arthur Lewis, British fighter pilot and writer, born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1997)

Person of interestLavrentiy Beria

1899 Lavrentiy Beria, Soviet politician and head of the NKVD secret service, born in Merkheuli, Russian Empire (d. 1953)

Head of the Soviet Secret Police Lavrentiy Beria
Head of the Soviet Secret Police
Lavrentiy Beria
  • 1900 John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (1967-68), born in Chiltern, Australia (d. 1980)
  • 1901 Uuno Kailas, Finnish poet, born in Heinola, Finland (d. 1933)
  • 1901 Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (The Tomb in the Rainforest), born in Muo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright, born in Joigny, France (d. 1967)
  • 1909 Yvonne Waegemans, Flemish writer (Gnome Patjoepelke)
  • 1912 Hanna Reitsch, German aviator and test pilot, born in Hirschberg, Silesia (d. 1979)
  • 1913 Jack Jones, British trade unionist (CH), born in Garston, Liverpool (d. 2009)
  • 1913 R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Chapman Pincher, British journalist and author (about secret service), born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 2014)

Person of interestEugene McCarthy

1916 Eugene McCarthy, American politician (Sen-D-Minn) and presidential candidate, born in Watkins, Minnesota (d. 2005)

Politician and Presidential Candidate Eugene McCarthy
Politician and Presidential Candidate
Eugene McCarthy
  • 1916 John Paul, British colonial administrator, Governor-General (Bahamas), born in Weymouth, Dorset (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Arthur Knight, CEO (Courtaulds), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1918 John Read, British businessman, CEO (TSB Group), born in Brighton (d. 2015)

Person of interestSam Walton

1918 Sam Walton, American businessman (founder and CEO of Walmart and Sam's Club), born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma (d. 1992)

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton
  • 1920 John M. Belk, American head of Belk, Inc., born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Hugh Neill, British businessman and Army officer, Lord-Lieutenant (South Yorkshire), born in Sheffield, Yorkshire
  • 1923 Julia Montgomery Walsh, American businesswoman and stockbroker, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Roy Beldam, British Lord Justice of Appeal (1989-2000)
  • 1927 Arthur Ravenel Jr, American businessman and politician (Rep-R-South Carolina), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1927 John McLaughlin, American TV commentator (McLaughlin Group) and Nixon aide, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2016)
  • 1927 John R. Vane, English pharmacologist (Nobel 1982), born in Tardebigg, Worcestershire (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Donald Ross, Lord Ross, Scottish judge, born in Dundee
  • 1928 Vincent Gigante, Italian-American mafioso, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Sheila Kitzinger, British author, anthropologist & child birth educator, born in Taunton, Somerset (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Yayoi Kusama, Japanese artist and writer, born in Matsumoto, Japan
  • 1930 Hugh Seymour, 8th Marquess of Hertford (d. 1997)
  • 1931 Evelyn de Rothschild, English banker and multi-millionaire, born in Westminster, London
  • 1931 James Weatherhead, moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland), born in Dundee (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Norman Tebbit, British Conservative party politician, cabinet minister and life peer, born in Ponders End, England
  • 1931 Sylvia Law, British town planner (President of the Royal Town Planning Institute), born in Southport, Lancashire
  • 1932 William Charette, American navy Hospital Corpsman and Medal of Honour recipient, born in Ludington, Michigan (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Jacques Brault, French Canadian poet (Quand nous serons heureux), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1934 Paul Crouch, American televangelist (Trinity Broadcasting Network), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Mogens Camre, Danish politician andMember of the European Parliament, born in Randers, Denmark (d. 2016)
  • 1937 Billy Carter, brother of US President Jimmy Carter, born in Plains, Georgia (d. 1988)
  • 1937 Smarck Michel, Haitian Prime Minister (1994-95), born in Saint-Marc, Haiti (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Bert de Vries, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (CDA), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1939 Roland Arnall, American businessman and U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, born in Paris (d. 2008).
  • 1942 Larry Pressler, American politician, United States Senator from South Dakota, born in Humboldt, South Dakota

Person of interestJohn Major

1943 John Major, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1990-97), born in Carshalton, Surrey, England

British Prime Minister John Major
British Prime Minister
John Major
  • 1944 James Diggle, British classicist, born in Rochadale
  • 1944 Nana Akufo-Addo [William Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo], Ghanaian politician, President of Ghana (2017-), born in Accra, Gold Coast
  • 1945 Hardy Fox, American member of avant-garde band The Residents, born in Longview, Texas (d. 2018)
  • 1946 Ronald Farrow, radio producer and priest (d. 1995)
  • 1947 Aleksandr Stepenovich Viktorenko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3, 8, 14, 20), born in Olginka, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1947 Bobby Kimball American rocker (Toto-Roseann), born in Orange, Texas
  • 1947 Peter Hinchcliffe, co-founder (Iceland Frozen Foods)
  • 1949 Keith Simpson, British politician and military historian, born in Norwich, Norfolk
  • 1954 Karen Ann Quinlan, American famous comatose patient (right to die case), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1956 Lisa J Allen, TV reporter/lawyer
  • 1959 Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer, born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • 1964 Michael A. Jackson, Maryland politician, born in Cheverly, Maryland
  • 1965 Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist, born in Kiato, Greece (d. 2005)
  • 1965 William Oefelein, American astronaut (STS-116 Space Shuttle), born in Fort Belvoir, Virginia
  • 1971 Lennart van Reen, son of author Ton v R/publisher Corrie Zelen
  • 1972 Michel Ancel, French game designer (Ubisoft), born in Monaco
  • 1980 Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1982 Hideaki Takizawa, Japanese artist

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1797 Writer Mary Wollstonecraft marries philopher and journalist William Godwin

Author and Women's Rights Advocate Mary Wollstonecraft
Author and Women's Rights Advocate
Mary Wollstonecraft

LoveWedding of Interest

1813 John Tyler (23) later 10th US President, marries 1st wife Letitia Christian Tyler (22)

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler

LoveWedding of Interest

1943 Author John Steinbeck (41) weds Gwyndolyn Conger

LoveWedding of Interest

1975 Molecular biologist Peter Agre (26) weds Mary Macgill

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre

LoveWedding of Interest

1980 77th Prime Minister of UK Tony Blair (26) weds barrister and lecturer Cherie Booth

British Prime Minister Tony Blair
British Prime Minister
Tony Blair
  • 2008 Biggest Loser contestant Amy Hildreth (28) weds Marty Wolff (27) in Charleston, South Carolina

Deaths in History

  • 1058 Stephen IX, [Frederik van Lotharingen], 1st Belgium Pope (1057-58), dies
  • 1368 Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 1328)
  • 1461 Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)
  • 1552 Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh Guru, dies at 47
  • 1578 Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)
  • 1578 Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (b. 1527)
  • 1625 Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
  • 1628 Tobias Matthew, Archbishop of York (b. 1546)
  • 1629 Jacob de Gheyn II, Dutch artist (b. 1565)
  • 1650 Cornelis Galle I, Flemish engraver, dies at about 73
  • 1655 Valerius Andreas, Flemish historian, dies at 66
  • 1683 Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (b. 1667)
  • 1751 Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist (Founder of the Foundling Hospital), dies at 83
  • 1772 Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)

Person of interestGustav III

1792 Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of septicemia at 46 after being shot by an assassin thirteen days earlier

King of Sweden Gustav III
King of Sweden
Gustav III
  • 1794 Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
  • 1800 Marc René, Marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer, dies at 85
  • 1837 Maria Fitzherbert, morganatic wife of King George IV, dies
  • 1839 Bernardus Johannes Dibbets, Dutch baron and general-major (Maastricht), dies at 56
  • 1847 Auguste De Polignac, premier France, dies at 66

Person of interestJohn Jacob Astor

1848 John Jacob Astor [Johann Jakob Astor] German-American businessman (first multi-millionaire in the United States), dies at 84

Businessman John Jacob Astor
John Jacob Astor
  • 1855 Henri Druey, Swiss politician and a founding father of constitutional democracy in Switzerland, dies at 55
  • 1866 Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch, Rabbi/Chassidic leader, dies
  • 1873 Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)

Person of interestMark Hopkins

1878 Mark Hopkins, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad), dies at 64

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Mark Hopkins
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Mark Hopkins
  • 1886 John Keble, Anglican priest and founder (Oxford Movement), dies at 73

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

1891 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (Pointillism), dies at 31

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • 1892 William Bowman, English anatomist, dies at 75
  • 1903 Gustavus Franklin Swift, American founder of the meatpacking firm Swift & Company, dies at 63
  • 1906 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1910 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 73

Person of interestRobert Falcon Scott

1912 Robert Falcon Scott, British pole explorer, dies in Antarctica at 43

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott
  • 1921 John Burroughs, American writer and nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake), dies at 83
  • 1930 Anton Bettelheim, writer, dies
  • 1934 Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
  • 1945 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79
  • 1948 Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (b. 1881)
  • 1955 Everard Verachtert, Flemish linguist (I Can Speak Nicely), dies at 81
  • 1956 Infante Alfonso of Spain (b. 1941)
  • 1957 Joyce Cary, English writer (Horse's Mouth), dies at 68
  • 1959 Barthelemy Boganda, Central African Republic's 1st president, dies
  • 1963 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish author (Stolica), dies at 64
  • 1970 Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist (b. 1885)
  • 1971 Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician, tortured to death at 84
  • 1972 J Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank, industrialist/film magnate
  • 1979 Melville Cooper, English TV panelist (I Got a Secret), dies at 82
  • 1979 Sultan Yahya Petra, 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (1975-79), dies at 61
  • 1981 Eric Williams, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (People's National Movement: 1962-81), dies at 79
  • 1982 Walter Hallstein, W German politician (CDU, H-doctrine), dies at 80
  • 1982 Nathan Farragut Twining, U.S. Air Force general, dies at 84
  • 1982 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, dies at 97
  • 1985 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States, dies at 73
  • 1990 Germaine Montenesdro, 2nd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer, shot dead
  • 1991 Lee Atwater, political strategists (R), dies of brain tumor at 40
  • 1992 John Spencer, Earl of Spencer, British peer and father of Princess Diana, dies at 68
  • 1994 William Natcher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky 1953-94), dies at 84
  • 1995 Carl E Jefferson, record company owner, dies at 74
  • 1995 James Eric Storrar, fighter pilot, dies at 74
  • 1995 John Elliott Terry, British film financier (National Film Finance Corp), dies at 82
  • 1996 Maggie Donnelly, bag lady, dies at 46
  • 2001 Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (b. 1899)
  • 2002 Rachel Levy and Ayat al-Akhras, Israeli and Palestinian children
  • 2003 Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (SARS) (b. 1956)
  • 2005 Johnnie Cochran, American attorney (O.J. Simpson defense attorney), dies at 67
  • 2005 Miltos Sahtouris, Greek poet (b. 1919)
  • 2005 Howell Heflin, American politician (Sen-D-Alabama, 1979-97), dies at 83
  • 2006 Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer (b. 1932)
  • 2011 Ângelo de Sousa, Portuguese painter and sculptor (b. 1938)
  • 2017 Alexei Abrikosov, Russian-born American physicist (Nobel Prize 2003), dies at 88
  • 2018 Anita Shreve, American writer (Weight of Water, Past the Island; Drifting), dies of cancer at 71
  • 2019 Agnès Varda, Belgium-born French director “mother of the French New Wave” (Vagabond), dies at 90