On This Day

On This Day in History for March 31

Events in History

  • 1084 Anti-pope Clemens crowns German King Hendrik IV as Holy Roman Emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1146 Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine are present and join the Crusade

Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine
Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their kingdoms

Queen of Castile Isabella I of Castile
Queen of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
  • 1504 France & Spain sign truce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus, Philippines

  • 1521 The first Mass in the Philippines is generally believed to have been held on the Island of Limasawa, but may also have taken place on Masao in Butuan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1547 Henry II succeeds Francois I as King of France

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1644 Pope Urbanus VIII and Duke of Parma sign Peace of Ferrara
  • 1651 Great earthquake at Cuzco, Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1657 English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1667 France & England sign anti-Dutch military accord
  • 1683 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King John III Sobieski of Poland sign a covenant against Turkey, beginning of the Holy League
  • 1717 A sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provokes the Bangorian Controversy
  • 1736 Bellevue Hospital founded in a New York City almshouse - 1st public hospital in the US
  • 1745 Jews are expelled from Prague

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1770 Immanuel Kant is appointed Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Königsberg

Philosopher Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont" premieres in Weimar

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1808 French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1822 Massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, (later depicted by artist Eugène Delacroix)
  • 1831 Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
  • 1831 Quebec & Montreal incorporated
  • 1849 Colonel John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of San Francisco
  • 1850 US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • 1854 Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
  • 1861 Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • 1863 Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi and Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia
  • 1865 Battle of Boydton, Virginia (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
  • 1865 General Pickett moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Petersburg
  • 1866 The Spanish navy bombards the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile
  • 1868 Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
  • 1870 Thomas Mundy Peterson of Perth Amboy, New Jersey is the first African American to vote in the US under provisions of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, in a local election on town's charter [1]
  • 1877 British High Commissioner Sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
  • 1877 The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.
  • 1880 1st town to claim to be completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, Indiana)
  • 1883 Utrecht begins water pipe system
  • 1885 Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate

FranceEiffel Tower Opens

1889 Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high it retains the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years.

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The Eiffel Tower on opening day in Paris
The Eiffel Tower on opening day in Paris
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  • 1900 At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood are killed
  • 1903 Richard Pearse flies a monoplane several hundred yards in New Zealand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1906 GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
  • 1906 Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States is founded to set rules in amateur sports; becomes the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910
  • 1907 Romanian Army puts down Moldavian farmers' revolt
  • 1909 Gustav Mahler conducts New York Philharmonic for his 1st time
  • 1909 In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • 1916 Dutch government ends all military engagements
  • 1917 The Danish West Indies are officially ceded to the US for $25 million and renamed the Virgin Islands
  • 1918 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect
  • 1919 Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
  • 1920 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
  • 1921 British coal miners goes on strike
  • 1922 KFI-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 Prince Hendrik opens trade fair building in Amsterdam
  • 1923 French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
  • 1924 Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
  • 1924 London public transport strike ends
  • 1925 WOWO-AM, Ft Wayne Indiana begins radio transmission (500 watts)
  • 1926 German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands
  • 1931 Brilliant Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne (43) is killed with 7 others when light plane crashes on trip from Kansas City to Los Angeles; record 105-12-5 @ .881 remains best ever
  • 1932 150 wild swans die in Niagara waterfall
  • 1932 Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine
  • 1933 1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Ga)
  • 1933 Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps
  • 1934 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
  • 1939 Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany
  • 1940 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
  • 1941 Ground broken for Union Square Garage, San Francisco
  • 1943 Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
  • 1944 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
  • 1945 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
  • 1945 Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1945 US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
  • 1946 Belgian government of Spaak resigns - shortest ever Belgian government
  • 1946 Belgian government of Acker forms
  • 1946 First election is held in Greece after World War II
  • 1948 US Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
  • 1949 Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
  • 1951 US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea
  • 1953 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General

Secretary-General of the United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld
Secretary-General of the United Nations
Dag Hammarskjöld
  • 1954 USSR offers to join NATO
  • 1955 Merger of Chase National Bank (3rd largest bank) and Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) forms Chase Manhattan
  • 1958 US Navy forms atomic submarine division
  • 1958 USSR suspends nuclear weapons tests, & urges US & Britain to do same
  • 1960 Gore Vidal's "Best Man" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
  • 1963 LA ends streetcar service after 90 years
  • 1964 President Jango Goulart of Brazil chased out of office by military
  • 1965 Iberia Airlines Convair 440 crashes into the sea on approach to Tangier killing 47 of 51 occupants
  • 1966 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1966 Labour Party under Harold Wilson win British parliamentary election

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 10, 1st lunar orbiter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces in an address to the nation that he will not seek re-election

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Station Pegaus (NZ) begins transmitting
  • 1968 Seattle's AL club is named Pilots
  • 1968 US President Lyndon B. Johnson authorizes a troop surge in Vietnam, bringing the total number of US soldiers to a peak of 549,500

Birthdays in History

  • 250 Constantius Chlorus, Roman Emperor (305-306 AD), born in Dacia Ripensis, Northen Balkans (d. 306)
  • 1360 Philippa of Lancaster, Queen of Portugal as wife of King John I (1387-1415), born in Leicester Castle, Leicester, England (d. 1415)
  • 1425 Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan (1450-68), born in Settimo Pavese, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1468)
  • 1499 Pius IV [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian lawyer and Pope (1559-65), born in Milan (d. 1565)
  • 1504 Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru, born in Matte Di Sarai, Muktsar, Panjab (d. 1552)

Person of interestHenry II

1519 Henry II, King of France (1547-59), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye near Paris (d. 1559)

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1536 Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese 13th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate (1546-65), born in Nanzen-ji Temple, Kyoto, Japan (d. 1565)
  • 1576 Louise Juliana of Nassau, Regent of Bohemia by marriage to Frederick IV, Elector Palatine, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1644)

Person of interestRené Descartes

1596 René Descartes, French philosopher (he thought, therefore he was), born in Descartes, Indre-et-Loire, France (d. 1650)

Philosopher René Descartes
René Descartes
  • 1621 Andrew Marvell, English poet (To His Coy Mistress), born in Winestead, England (d. 1678)
  • 1651 Karl II, Elector Palatine (d. 1685)
  • 1675 Benedict XIV [Prospero L Lambertini], Italian Pope (1740-58)
  • 1718 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (d. 1781)
  • 1723 Frederik V, King of Denmark/Norway (1746-66)
  • 1730 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1777 Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)
  • 1778 Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)
  • 1794 Thompson McKennan, American politician who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1852)
  • 1809 Edward FitzGerald, England, writer (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam)
  • 1819 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1901)
  • 1831 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist
  • 1835 John La Farge, American painter
  • 1837 Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA
  • 1838 Leon Dierx, French poet
  • 1839 Nikolay Przhevalsky, naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)
  • 1840 John Herbert Kelly, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1840 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • 1844 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), born in Selkirk, Scottish Borders, Scotland (d. 1912)
  • 1847 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)
  • 1854 Dugald Clerk, inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)
  • 1855 Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)
  • 1860 Isidor Traube, Hildesheim Hanover, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids)
  • 1868 Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

Person of interestArthur Griffith

1871 Arthur Griffith, Irish writer and politician who founded Sinn Féin (President of Ireland 1922), born in Dublin, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1922)

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith
  • 1876 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • 1884 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • 1885 Jules Pascin [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/American painter/cartoonist
  • 1890 William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1891 Ion Pillat, Romaniams poet/senator (Umbra timpului)
  • 1891 Andy Varipapa, American ten-pin bowler (BPAA All-Star champion 1947-48), born in Carfizzi, Italy (d. 1984)
  • 1892 Stanislav Wladyslaw Maczek, Polish/British general-major/commandant
  • 1895 John Jay McCloy, US lawyer and banker (Secretary of War 1941-45, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank)
  • 1895 Vardis Fisher, American author (Darkness & Deep), born in Annis, Idaho (d. 1968)
  • 1900 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • 1909 Pieter Jongeling, Dutch author (under Piet Prins) and politician
  • 1909 Robert Brasillach, French author/nazi collaborator
  • 1912 Wilhelmus Berkelmans, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • 1914 Octavio Paz, Mexican writer/diplomat (Salamandra, Topoemas)
  • 1915 Jack Perry, businessman
  • 1915 Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese military man (d. 1997)
  • 1916 John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (d. 1979)
  • 1918 Ted Post, Dir (Peacemaker, Beneath the Planet of the Apes)
  • 1920 Marga Minco [Sara Menco], Dutch journalist and writer (Bitter Herb), born in Ginneken, Netherlands
  • 1920 Deborah "Debs" Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire and the Chatsworth estate, one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Leo Buscaglia, American psychologist known as "Dr Love" (Love), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1998)
  • 1926 John Fowles, British novelist (Collector, French Lieutenant's Woman), born in Leigh-on-Sea, Southend-on-Sea, England (d. 2005)

Person of interestCesar Chavez

1927 Cesar Chavez, American farm labor leader (United Farm Workers), born in Yuma, Arizona (d. 1993)

Civil Rights Activist Cesar Chavez
Civil Rights Activist
Cesar Chavez

Person of interestLiz Claiborne

1929 Liz Claiborne, American fashion designer, entrepreneur and founder of Liz Claiborne Inc, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2007)

Fashion Designer Liz Claiborne
Fashion Designer
Liz Claiborne
  • 1929 Bertram Fields, American lawyer
  • 1932 John Jakes, writer (Sir Scoundrel, Great Women Reporters), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1932 Nagisa Oshima, director (Town of Love & Hope), born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 2013)
  • 1933 Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet (d. 1983)
  • 1934 Grigori Grigoyevich Nelyubov, Russian cosmonaut (Vostok 1 backup)
  • 1934 Wim H Sinnige, Dutch alderman of finance (social democratic)
  • 1935 Judith Rossner, American writer (August)
  • 1936 Marge Piercy, author (Small Changes, Gone for Soldiers)
  • 1938 Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi
  • 1938 David Steel, Scottish politician
  • 1938 Bill Hicke, Canadian NHL right wing (3-time NHL All Star), born in Regina, Saskatchewan (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Zviad Gamsakhurdia, first President of Georgia (d. 1993)
  • 1940 Barney Frank, (Rep-D-MA, 1981- )
  • 1940 Patrick Leahy, American politician (Senator-D-Vermont, 1975- ), born in Montpelier, Vermont
  • 1942 Michael Savage [Michael A Wiener], American talk radio host and commentator, born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1942 Ulla Hoffmann, Swedish politician
  • 1944 Tomohiro Nishikado, Japanese video gamer developer (Space Invaders), born in Osaka, Japan
  • 1947 Caesar Gaviria Trujillo, president (Colombia, 1990-94)
  • 1947 Jon-Jon Poulos, rocker (Buckinghams), born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestAl Gore

1948 Al Gore, American politician and environmentalist (Vice President: 1993-2001), born in Washington, D.C.

45th Vice President of the United States Al Gore
45th Vice President of the United States
Al Gore
  • 1948 David Eisenhower, author and grandson of President Eisenhower (married Julie Nixon), born in West Point, New York
  • 1950 Alison McCartney, pathologist/Breast Cancer campaigner
  • 1957 Patrick G Forrester, Army Lt Colonel and astronaut, born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1965 Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer best known for his solo self-rescue on Annapurna with a broken arm, born in Gap, Hautes-Alpes (d. 2006)
  • 1968 Brett Deubner, American violist, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1969 Nyamko Sabuni, Swedish politician
  • 1982 Chloé Zhao, Chinese director (The Rider, Nomadland), born in Beijing, China
  • 1987 Baby M [Melissa Elizabeth Stern], American infant born to a surrogate mother but later awarded to her dad William Stern
  • 1990 Lyra McKee, Northern Irish journalist, killed by the New IRA in a terrorist attack, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2019)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

307 Roman Emperor Constantine marries Fausta, daughter of the Emperor Maximian, later murdering her in 326

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great

LoveWedding of Interest

1834 Religious leader Brigham Young (32) weds herbalist Mary Ann Angell (27)

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young

Deaths in History

  • 1074 Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)
  • 1340 Ivan I of Moscow, Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1288)
  • 1389 Everhard Tserclaes, sheriff of Brussels, murdered

Person of interestFrancis I of France

1547 King Francis I of France (1515-47), dies complaining about the weight of the crown at 52

  • 1567 Philip, the Generous, count of Hessen, dies at 62
  • 1578 Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered
  • 1621 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), dies at 42
  • 1631 John Donne, Metaphysical poet, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1671 Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (b. 1637)
  • 1722 Campegius Vitringa, Dutch theologist/exegete, dies at 62
  • 1723 Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey, dies at 61

Person of interestIsaac Newton

1727 Isaac Newton, English physicist and astronomer (Principia), dies in London at 84

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1741 Pieter Burman the Elder, Dutch classical scholar, dies at 72
  • 1797 Betty Washington, younger sister of George Washington, dies at 63
  • 1837 John Constable, English landscape painter (Hay Wain), dies at 60

Person of interestJohn C. Calhoun

1850 John C. Calhoun, American politician, dies of tuberculosis at 68

US Vice President John C. Calhoun
US Vice President
John C. Calhoun

Person of interestCharlotte Brontë

1855 Charlotte Brontë, English novelist (Jane Eyre), dies at 38

  • 1869 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, dies at 64
  • 1877 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), dies at 75
  • 1884 Jan T Beelen, Neth/Belgian catholic bible expert, dies at 77
  • 1898 Edward Noyes Westcott, US attorney/writer (David Harum), dies
  • 1903 Ebenezer Butterick, American inventor (tissue paper dress pattern), dies at 76

Person of interestJ. P. Morgan

1913 J. P. Morgan, Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and banker (General Electric, US Steel Corporation, AT&T), dies in his sleep at 75

Industrialist and Banker J. P. Morgan
Industrialist and Banker
J. P. Morgan
  • 1914 Christian Morgenstern, German poet (Ich und die Welt), dies at 42
  • 1928 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (1919), dies at 82
  • 1928 Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (portraits), dies at 69
  • 1931 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67
  • 1934 Franz Ehrle, German Jesuit, head of Vatican library, dies at 88
  • 1938 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet and critic (New Guide), dies at 78
  • 1944 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

Person of interestHans Fischer

1945 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), commits suicide at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1945 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • 1945 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), dies at 85
  • 1948 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Raging Reporter), dies at 62
  • 1952 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (Senate Majority Leader), dies at 74
  • 1959 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag), dies at 68
  • 1961 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Modern Art & Degenerating), dies at 85
  • 1970 Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WWII), dies at 75
  • 1976 Paul Strand, American photographer (b. 1890)
  • 1978 Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin), dies at 79
  • 1980 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, dies at 74
  • 1981 Enid Bagnold, British novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit), dies at 91
  • 1982 Fritz Eberhard, West German lawyer and resistor (Law), dies at 85
  • 1983 Christina Stead, Australian writer (b. 1902)
  • 1984 Ronald Clark O'Bryan, American murderer, dies of lethal injection at 39
  • 1988 William McMahon, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (Liberal: 1971-72), dies in his sleep at 80
  • 1990 Lillian "Miss" Miller, audience member (Merv Griffin, Tonight), dies
  • 1993 Jose Maria Lemus, president of El Salvador (1956-60), dies
  • 1994 Léon Degrelle, Belgian Walloon-Spanish facisct Rexist Party leader, and Nazi collaborator, dies of a heart attack at 87
  • 1996 Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer, dies at 91
  • 1996 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, dies of AIDS at 51
  • 1996 Julius Young, fast food entrepreneur, dies at 73
  • 1997 Edwin Alberian, TV celebrity (Clarabell), dies at 76
  • 1997 Laxmishankar Pathak, food retailer, dies at 62
  • 1998 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), dies at 77
  • 1999 Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist (b. 1922)
  • 2001 Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2003 H.S.M. Coxeter, English-born geometer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist (b. 1951)
  • 2005 Frank Perdue, American poultry farmer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Terri Schiavo, American figure in right to die case (b. 1963)
  • 2005 Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician, dies at 99
  • 2007 Paul Watzlawick, Communications & Constructivism Theorist (b. 1921)
  • 2008 William L. Dickinson, American politician (Rep-R-AL, 1965-93), dies at 82
  • 2009 Jarl Alfredius, Swedish news anchor (b. 1943)
  • 2009 Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina (1983-89), dies of lung cancer at 82
  • 2014 Charles Keating, American district attorney (Los Angeles California), dies at 90
  • 2016 Zaha Hadid, British architect (London Aquatic Centre), dies at 65

Person of interestImre Kertész

2016 Imre Kertész, Hungarian writer (Nobel Laureate 2002) and concentration camp survivor, dies at 86

Author and Nobel Laureate Imre Kertész
Author and Nobel Laureate
Imre Kertész
  • 2016 Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (FDP), worked to re-unify Germany, dies at 89
  • 2017 Gilbert Baker, American gay activist, designed the rainbow flag, dies at 65
  • 2017 James Rosenquist, American pop artist, dies at 83
  • 2020 Pape Diouf, Senegalese journalist and football agent (president Olympique de Marseille 2005-09; first black president in Europe's top 6 leagues), dies from COVID-19 at 68
  • 2020 Richard Friedman, American psychoanalyst who proved sexual orientation biological, dies at 79