On This Day

On This Day in History for March 31 (Part 2)

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 "The New York Times" reviews "Slaughterhouse-Five" by Kurt Vonnegut on its publication saying ""you'll either love it, or push it back in the science-fiction corner"

  • 1970 Federal bankruptcy court allows Seattle Pilots to be sold to Milwaukee
  • 1970 Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit
  • 1970 Following an Orange Order parade, intense riots erupt on the Springfield Road in Belfast; violence lasts for three days, and the British Army use CS gas for the first time in large quantities
  • 1971 South Africa national debt hits 5.45 billion
  • 1971 William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre

BoatBlack Tot Day

1972 Final day of the rum ration in the Royal Canadian Navy

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Royal Navy sailors lining up for their daily rum ration
Royal Navy sailors lining up for their daily rum ration
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  • 1976 NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator
  • 1977 Michael Cristofer's "Shadow Box" premieres in NYC
  • 1978 USSR launches Kosmos 1000 navigational satellite
  • 1979 The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1980 The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets due to bankruptcy and debt owed to creditors.
  • 1982 Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil
  • 1983 Popayán Earthquake (5.5 Mw Depth) in Colombia kills 267 people, injuring some 7,500
  • 1983 Marsha Norman's "'night, Mother" premieres in NYC

  • 1984 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 15th Easter Seal Telethon raises $27,400,000
  • 1985 El Salvador's President José Napoleón Duarte' Christian Democratic Party wins election
  • 1986 167 die when Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashes
  • 1986 English Hampton Court palace badly damaged by fire, 1 dead
  • 1986 Six metropolitan county councils are abolished in England.
  • 1988 Last East Limburg coal mine closes in Gent Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for her novel "Beloved"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Donald Trump purchases Eastern's Northeast Shuttle

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 1990 Dionisio Castro cycles world record 20km (57:18.4)
  • 1990 Major riots occur in London and other British towns in protest against the new Community Charge poll tax laws
  • 1991 Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years
  • 1991 Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1991 Georgian SSR votes on whether to remain in the Soviet Union
  • 1991 Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves
  • 1991 The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement - Hadas in Kuwait.
  • 1992 UN Security Council voted to ban flights & arms sales to Libya
  • 1994 Walkway from Cleveland's Tower City to Jacobs Field officially opens
  • 1994 The Journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull
  • 1996 Radio Canada International's final shortwave broadcast

  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 76 (Atlantis 16), lands
  • 1997 NASA's Pioneer 10 ends its mission
  • 2004 In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.
  • 2007 In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour.
  • 2008 Aloha Airlines, a bankrupt airline, permanently ends passenger service
  • 2012 Fiji Floods kill 2 people and force thousands to be evacuated
  • 2013 14 Boko Haram suspects are killed in a Nigerian Army raid
  • 2013 11 people are killed in flooding at Port Louis, Mauritius
  • 2013 2 people die from bird flu (type H7N9) in China
  • 2017 Mudslides caused by heavy rains sweep through Mocoa, Colombia killing more than 200
  • 2020 British pensioner Robert Weighton becomes the world's oldest man at 112 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2021 US President Joe Biden overturns Trump's restrictions on transgender people serving in the armed forces

46th US President, Vice President and Senator Joe Biden
46th US President, Vice President and Senator
Joe Biden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2021 New York state legalizes recreational use of marijuana in legislation signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo (sales not legal for 18 months)

NY Governor Andrew Cuomo
NY Governor
Andrew Cuomo
  • 2021 Paul Simon sells his entire songwriting catalog of over 400 songs to Sony Music Publishing for an undisclosed sum
  • 2021 Alfred Aho and Jeffrey Ullman win computing's Turing Award for their work inventing computer program compilers
  • 2021 US President Joe Biden unveils " the American Jobs Plan" one of the largest infrastructure plans in US history- worth $2 trillion called
  • 2021 French President Emanuel Macon announces a new lockdown, closing schools for three weeks with new national restrictions

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Deaths in History