On This Day

On This Day in History for March 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 208

Event of interestEvent of Interest

51 Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth)

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
  • 303 Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.
  • 852 Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.
  • 938 Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, the patron saint of the Czech state

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1152 Frederick I Barbarossa elected Holy Roman Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1215 King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III.

King of England King John
King of England
King John
  • 1238 Battle of the Sit River: Mongol forces of Batu Khan overcome Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal near Yaroslavl in Russia, ending Russian resistance
  • 1351 Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam
  • 1386 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) crowned King of Poland
  • 1492 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1522 Anne Boleyn makes her debut at the English court at the Green Castle pageant

  • 1570 King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students
  • 1590 Mauritius of Nassau's ship reaches Breda
  • 1611 George Abbot appointed Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1621 Jacarta, Java, renamed Batavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 England's King Charles I grants a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

BattleDeclaration of War

1665 English King Charles II declares war on Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1675 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1681 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1699 Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany
  • 1741 British fleet under Rear Admiral of the Blue Sir Chaloner Ogle reaches Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 First sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • 1776 American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts

USAConstitution of the United States

1789 1st US Congress meets and declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1789 US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
  • 1790 France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
  • 1791 First Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • 1791 President Washington calls the US Senate into its first special session
  • 1791 Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • 1792 Oranges introduced to Hawaii
  • 1793 French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • 1793 Washington's 2nd inauguration as US President, shortest speech (133 words)

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1797 John Adams inaugurated as 2nd President of The United States, Thomas Jefferson 2nd Vice President

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1798 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews

USAThomas Jefferson Elected US President

1801 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.

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Tally of electoral college votes in the election of 1800. No candidate won a majority, so an election in the House of Representatives took place, with Jefferson winning on the 36th ballot.
Tally of electoral college votes in the election of 1800. No candidate won a majority, so an election in the House of Representatives took place, with Jefferson winning on the 36th ballot.
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  • 1804 The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1809 James Madison becomes 1st US President inaugurated in American-made clothes

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1817 James Monroe is inaugurated as the 5th President of the United States

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1824 The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1825 John Quincy Adams inaugurated as the 6th US President

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • 1826 1st US railroad chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Massachusetts

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1829 Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1829 Unruly crowd mobs White House during President Jackson inaugural ball
  • 1835 HMS Beagle moves into Bay of Concepcion

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1837 Martin Van Buren inaugurated as the 8th President of the United States

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1837 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • 1837 Chicago becomes incorporated as a city
  • 1841 Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance" premieres in London

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1841 Longest US presidential inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1845 James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • 1848 Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
  • 1848 Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1849 US President Zachary Taylor delays his swearing-in and inauguration ceremony for one day due to religious reasons, rising to the false belief by some that Senator David Atchison (President pro tempore) technically assumed the office of President for one day

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • 1853 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • 1853 William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP
  • 1861 Confederate States adopt "Stars & Bars" flag (US Civil War)

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th US President

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 US President Abraham Lincoln opens Government Printing Office
  • 1863 Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • 1863 Territory of Idaho established
  • 1865 Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"

USAJohn Wilkes Booth at Lincoln's Inauguration

1865 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US President. The man who would assassinate him weeks later, John Wilkes Booth, is photographed attending the inauguration.

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A photo of Abraham Lincoln's second inauguration in 1865, highlighting the location of his eventual assassin John Wilkes Booth as Lincoln makes his speech
A photo of Abraham Lincoln's second inauguration in 1865, highlighting the location of his eventual assassin John Wilkes Booth as Lincoln makes his speech
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<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1869 Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated as 18th US President

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant


1870 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

Politician and Revolutionary Louis Riel
Politician and Revolutionary
Louis Riel
  • 1876 US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
  • 1877 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • 1880 NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
  • 1881 California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • 1881 Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1881 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1881 South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
  • 1882 Britain's first electric trams run in East London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1889 Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd US President

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1890 The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • 1893 Francis Dhanis' army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe
  • 1893 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)
  • 1894 Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1897 William McKinley inaugurated as 25th US President

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • 1899 Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead.
  • 1901 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)
  • 1901 William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as US president; Theodore Roosevelt serves as Vice President
  • 1901 Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends
  • 1902 American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1905 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Elga" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1908 Primary school catches fire in Collingwood, Ohio (180 killed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1909 US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds
  • 1911 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
  • 1913 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • 1913 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1913 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1918 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • 1921 Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1921 Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Soviet bureaucracy)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1924 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
  • 1925 US President Coolidge's inauguration broadcast live on 21 radio stations
  • 1925 Swain's Island (near American Samoa) annexed by US

Birthdays in History

  • 1188 Blanche of Castile, wife of Louis VIII of France (d. 1252)
  • 1394 Henry the Navigator, Prince/sponsors Portuguese voyages of discovery
  • 1602 Kanō Tan'yū [Kanō Morinobu], Japanese painter (palaces, portraits), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1674)
  • 1610 William Dobson, English portraitist and painter (d. 1646)
  • 1651 John Baron Somers, (Whig), William III's chief minister (1696-1700)
  • 1665 Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, Swedish soldier (d. 1694)
  • 1702 Jack Sheppard, English burglar and escapee (d. 1724)
  • 1706 Lauritz de Thurah, Danish architect and architectural writer (d. 1759)
  • 1715 James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, British statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1719 Aert Schouman, Dutch bird/portrait painter
  • 1719 George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras (d. 1777)
  • 1754 Benjamin Waterhouse, physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School (smallpox vaccine pioneer), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1846)
  • 1756 Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
  • 1766 Emanuel ADMJ, French historian (Napoleon)
  • 1781 Rebecca Gratz, American educator and philanthropist (d. 1869)
  • 1782 Johann Rudolf Wyss, Swiss folklorist and writer (Swiss Family Robinson), born in Bern (d. 1830)
  • 1789 Pavel P Gagarin, Russ monarch
  • 1793 Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • 1798 John Joseph Abercrombie, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1877)
  • 1813 Wijnand Nuijen, Dutch romantic and water color painter (Wrecked), born in Den Haag, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • 1817 Edwards Pierrepont, American statesman, jurist and lawyer; 34th United States Attorney General (d. 1892)
  • 1820 Francesco Bentivegna, Italian revolutionary (d. 1856)
  • 1822 Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • 1826 John Buford, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodford County, Kentucky (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (d. 1863)
  • 1828 Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1835 John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (d. 1911)
  • 1841 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (And fremmed Fugl)
  • 1844 Josip Jurcic, Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • 1847 Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854 Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • 1856 Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877)
  • 1856 Alfred William Rich, English painter (d. 1921)
  • 1862 Robert Emden, Swiss geo/astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • 1863 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • 1863 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • 1864 David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • 1871 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1873 John H. Trumbull, 54th Governor of the U.S. state of Connecticut (d. 1961)
  • 1875 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar/interpreter
  • 1875 Enrique Larreta, [E R Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer (Gloria de Don Ramiro), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1961)
  • 1875 Suze Groeneweg, 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • 1876 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • 1876 Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician's Guild (d. 1945)
  • 1877 Garrett Morgan, American inventor (gas mask and traffic signal), born in Claysville, Kentucky (d. 1963)
  • 1877 Daniel G van Beuningen, Dutch art collector
  • 1877 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • 1878 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian esotericist, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1879 Bernhard Kellermann, writer
  • 1880 Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1881 Todor Aleksandrov, 19th century Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • 1881 Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American writer (Pulitzer Prize 1933), born in Clifton, Tennessee (d. 1965)
  • 1881 Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (d. 1948)
  • 1882 Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • 1885 Willem H Winkel, Dutch physician/founder (Red Cross of Curacao)
  • 1889 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1889 Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator (d. 1953)
  • 1898 Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)
  • 1899 Emilio Prados, Spanish poet and editor (d. 1962)
  • 1901 Charles H Goren, bridge master (26 US Titles)
  • 1901 Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy/French poet (d. 1937)
  • 1903 William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
  • 1903 John Scarne, American magician (d. 1985)
  • 1904 George Gamow, nuclear physicist/cosmologist/writer (1, 2, 3...
  • 1906 Meindert DeJong American author (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Georges Ronsse, Belgian national cyclo-cross and world champion road cyclist (d. 1969)
  • 1906 Charles Rudolph Walgreen, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1907 Eleanor "Sis" Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2003)
  • 1908 Boris N Poveloi, [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [NS=Mar 17]
  • 1909 Harry B Helmsley, American billionaire builder (Empire State Building), born in NYC, New York
  • 1910 Tancredo Neves, president of Civil rights activist
  • 1912 Afro, [Basaldella], Italian painter
  • 1912 Carl Marzani, Italian-born American leftwing political activist, publisher and documentarian, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • 1914 Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor and architect (d. 2000)
  • 1915 Petrus de Jong, Dutch premier (KVP, 1967-71)
  • 1916 Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (Botteghe Oscure)
  • 1916 Hans Eysenck, psychologist
  • 1920 Marcella Grady Jennings, rancher
  • 1920 Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Patrick Moore, England, astronomer/writer (A-Z of Astronomy), (d. 2012)

Person of interestRichard DeVos

1926 Richard DeVos, American businessman who co-founded Amway, born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2018)

Co-founder of Amway Richard DeVos
Co-founder of Amway
Richard DeVos
  • 1926 James J. Eagan, Former Mayor of Florissant, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Philip Batt, 29th Governor of the U.S. state of Idaho
  • 1927 Robert Orben, American magician
  • 1931 Han Jansen, Dutch painter
  • 1931 Alice Rivlin, American economist
  • 1932 Hessel Rienks, economist/Dutch 2nd chamber member (PvdA)
  • 1932 Ed "Big Daddy" Roth, American car designer (d. 2001)
  • 1932 Frank Wells, American entertainment businessman (d. 1994)
  • 1933 John W Mills, British sculptor
  • 1934 Jane van Lawick-Goodall, ethologist/chimp expert (1974 Walker Prize)
  • 1934 Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist
  • 1934 Gleb Yakunin, Russian priest and dissident, born in Moscow
  • 1936 David Thompson, British food magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1937 Yuri Aleksandrovich Senkevich, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1937 Leslie Gelb, American foreign policy advisor
  • 1938 Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Polish diplomat and researcher

Weddings in History

  • 1540 Protestant Count Philip of Hessen marries 2nd wife

Deaths in History

  • 480 Saint Landry, bishop of Sées
  • 561 Pelagius I, Italian Pope (556-61), dies
  • 1172 Stephan III, King of Hungary (1162-72), dies; (b. 1147)

Person of interestSaladin

1193 Saladin, 1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, dies of fever at about 55

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1238 Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
  • 1238 Yuri II, Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1189)
  • 1303 Daniel of Moscow, Russian Saint, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1261)
  • 1484 Saint Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland dies at 25
  • 1496 Sigismund, Archduke of Austria (b. 1427)
  • 1561 Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal, dies at 41
  • 1583 Bernard Gilpin, English clergyman, "Apostle of the North" (b. 1517)
  • 1595 Robert Southwell, English poet, hanged for becoming a Catholic priest
  • 1604 Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian and founder of Socinianism, dies at 64
  • 1615 Hans von Aachen, German painter, dies
  • 1710 Louis III, Prince of Condé and Duke de Bourbon, dies at 41
  • 1733 Claude de Forbin, French naval commander, dies at 76
  • 1744 John Anstis, Garter King of Arms (b. 1669)
  • 1762 Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (b. 1702)
  • 1793 Isaac Ouwater, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 1794 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, dies at 21
  • 1795 John Collins, American politician, 3rd Governor of Rhode Island (1786-90), dies at 77
  • 1805 Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, dies at 79
  • 1807 Abraham Baldwin, American politician (b. 1754)
  • 1832 Jean-François Champollion, French scholar who deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics with the Rosetta Stone, dies at 41
  • 1851 James Richardson, British explorer (b. 1809)
  • 1853 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 78

Person of interestMatthew C. Perry

1858 Matthew C. Perry, Commodore of the United States Navy who opened Japan to Western influence and trade, dies of rheumatism at 63

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1864 Thomas Starr King, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity), dies
  • 1866 Alexander Campbell, Irish-American clergyman and Founder of Disciples of Christ, dies at 77
  • 1868 Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • 1872 Johannes Carsten Hauch, Danish poet (b. 1790)
  • 1877 Hendrik E van Rijgersma, Dutch governor (St Maarten), dies at 42

Person of interestAlexander H. Stephens

1883 Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President US Confederate States, dies at 71

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
  • 1888 Amos Bronson Alcott, US theory/poet (Table Talk), dies at 88
  • 1903 Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant), dies at 68
  • 1906 John McAllister Schofield, former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army (b. 1831)
  • 1910 Knut Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1857)
  • 1915 William Willett, British inventor of Daylight Saving Time, dies of influenza at 58
  • 1916 Franz Marc, German painter/co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • 1925 James Ward, English psychologist and philosopher (b. 1843)
  • 1927 Ira Remsen American chemist (b. 1846)
  • 1938 George Foster Peabody, American politician (b. 1852)
  • 1940 Hamlin Garland, American writer (Middle Border), dies at 79
  • 1943 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek foreign minister, dies at 71
  • 1943 Pieter C Boutens, Dutch poet (Beatrijs), dies at 73
  • 1944 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • 1944 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • 1944 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

BattleLouis Buchalter

1944 Louis Buchalter, American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • 1946 Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886)
  • 1950 Adam Rainer, the only man in recorded human history ever to have been both a dwarf and a giant (b. 1899)
  • 1952 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), dies at 94
  • 1958 Albert Kuyle, [Lou Kuitenbrouwer], writer (Jesus' Carpet), dies at 54
  • 1960 Herbert O'Conor, 51st Governor of the US State of Maryland (b. 1896)
  • 1962 Cairine R Wilson, 1st Canadian female senator (appointed), dies at 77
  • 1963 William Carlos Williams, American physician and poet, dies at 79
  • 1967 Vladan Desnica, Croatian and Serbian writer (b. 1905)
  • 1967 Michel Plancherel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1885)
  • 1973 Samuel Tolansky, British scientist and expert on spectroscopy (b. 1907)
  • 1974 Adolph Gottlieb, American painter, dies at 71
  • 1976 Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (Thermodynamik), dies at 89
  • 1977 Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (b. 1951)
  • 1977 Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German politician and former Chancellor of Germany (b. 1887)
  • 1978 Wesley Bolin, former Governor of the U.S. State of Arizona (b. 1909)
  • 1979 Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer (First ascent of the West Ridge of Mount Everest), dies at 52
  • 1984 Ernest Buckler, Canadian novelist (b. 1908)
  • 1986 Henri Knap, Dutch journalist/writer, dies at 75

Person of interestElizabeth Smart

1986 Elizabeth Smart, Canadian author (By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept), dies of a heart attack at 72

  • 1986 Ding Ling, Chinese writer (The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River), dies at 81
  • 1992 C Meijer, Dutch editor in chief (Typhoon), dies
  • 1992 Christian K Nelson, inventor (Eskimo Pie), dies at 98
  • 1993 Richard Sale, writer/director (Oscar, Torpedo Run), dies at 80
  • 1993 Nicholas Ridley, Lord Ridley of Liddesdale, English politician, Minister of Finance, dies at 64
  • 1996 Barbara Lewis, British obituarist, dies at 55
  • 1996 Minnie Pearl [Sarah Ophelia Colley], American country comedienne (Grand Ole Opry, Hee-Haw), dies at 84
  • 1997 Robert H. Dicke, American physicist (b. 1916)
  • 1999 Harry Blackmun, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1908)
  • 1999 Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer (b. 1921)
  • 2001 Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 Jim Rhodes, Governor of Ohio (b. 1909)
  • 2001 Harold Stassen, American politician (25th Governor of Minnesota) and perennial presidential candidate, dies at 93
  • 2002 Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Jaba Ioseliani, Georgian bank robber (b. 1926)
  • 2004 George Pake, American physicist (b. 1924)
  • 2004 Stephen Sprouse, American fashion designer (b. 1953)
  • 2005 Nicola Calipari, Italian secret service agent (b. 1953)
  • 2005 Yuriy Kravchenko, Ukrainian statesman (b. 1951)
  • 2005 Carlos Sherman, Uruguayan-born writer (b. 1934)
  • 2006 John Reynolds Gardiner, American engineer (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Dave Rose, American artist (b. 1910)
  • 2006 Edgar Valter, Estonian illustrator/cartoonist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Thomas Eagleton, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Bob Hattoy, American activist (b. 1950)
  • 2007 Sunil Kumar Mahato, Indian parliamentarian (b. 1966)
  • 2007 Jorge Kolle Cueto, Bolivian politician
  • 2007 Thomas Eagleton, American politician (38th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri), dies at 77
  • 2008 Gary Gygax, American fantasy author and role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons), dies at 69
  • 2008 George Walter, former Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Patricia De Martelaere, Flemish writer (b. 1957)
  • 2009 Triztán Vindtorn, Norwegian poet and performance artist (b. 1942)