On This Day

On This Day in History for March 7

Events in History

RomanRoman Empire

161 Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire

Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius

RomanRoman Empire

321 Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 1138 Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king
  • 1277 Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1530 English King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1560 Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, North Africa
  • 1573 Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1621 John Pieterszoon Coen's troops land on Lontor, East Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Prince Frederick Henry appoints himself viceroy of Limburg

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1644 Massachusetts establishes 1st two-chamber legislature in colonies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1696 English King William III departs Netherlands

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 King George III charges colonists in Boston with attempting to injure British commerce, paving the way for the closing of the port to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1778 Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast at Yaquina Bay

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 James Hutton, geologist, presents his full theory of uniformitarianism at a meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Geologist James Hutton
James Hutton
  • 1798 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic
  • 1799 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • 1801 Massachusetts enacts first state voter registration law
  • 1808 Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1814 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne against combined Russian and Prussian force in northern France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1827 Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England, is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand
  • 1835 HMS Beagle returns from Concepcion to Valparaiso
  • 1843 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1847 US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • 1848 In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed

Agreement of InterestCompromise of 1850

1850 Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

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Henry Clay's handwritten draft of one of the bills that formed the Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay's handwritten draft of one of the bills that formed the Compromise of 1850
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  • 1851 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1852 Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • 1854 Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
  • 1862 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • 1865 -10] Battles around Kinston, North Carolina
  • 1872 -8°F (-22°C) in Boston, Massachusetts
The original drawing filed with Thomas Edison's patent application for the telephone
The original drawing filed with Thomas Edison's patent application for the telephone
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  • 1876 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1881 Southern University opens in New Orleans
  • 1887 North Carolina State University is founded by the North Carolina General Assembly.
  • 1896 Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
  • 1900 Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, President Kruger flees
  • 1902 Boers beat British troops at Tweebosch, Transvaal

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1905 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes "The Return of Sherlock Holmes" collection in London after public pressure to revive his famous detective (Feb New York)

  • 1906 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • 1908 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stands before city council and announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • 1911 US sends 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • 1911 Willis Farnsworth of Petaluma, California, patents coin-operated locker

InventionScientific Discovery

1912 Roald Amundsen announces his discovery of the South Pole (located 14 December 1911)

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 President Woodrow Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1918 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Red Army under Trotsky attacks sailors of Kronstadt naval base near St Petersburg, Russia

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1922 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
  • 1925 American Negro Congress organizes
  • 1926 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)
  • 1927 Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale strikes Tango, Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 First nonstop flight made from America to Asia across the Bering Strait (Nome to North Cape) by Noel Wien and Calvin Cripe for Wien Air Alaska

Aviation Pioneer Noel Wien
Aviation Pioneer
Noel Wien
  • 1930 NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in "Negro"
  • 1932 Riots at Ford factory in Dearborn, Michigan, 4 killed
  • 1935 Saar incorporated into Germany

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1936 Adolf Hitler breaks the Treaty of Versailles by sending troops into the Rhineland

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1937 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • 1939 Glamour magazine begins publishing
  • 1939 Guy Lombardo & Royal Canadians 1st record "Auld Lang Syne"
  • 1941 3rd largest snowfall then in NYC history (18.1")
  • 1941 50,000 British soldiers land in Greece during WWII
  • 1941 British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1942 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • 1942 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee, Alabama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US General George S. Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif, Tunisia

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • 1945 Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • 1945 Cologne taken by allied armies
  • 1945 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Yugoslavia government of Josep Broz Tito forms

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1946 Max Frisch' play "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zurich

USABikini Atoll is Evacuated

1946 Bikini Atoll islanders are evacuated by the US government to make way for a nuclear testing site

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Residents of Bikini Atoll are evacuated to make way for nuclear testing
Residents of Bikini Atoll are evacuated to make way for nuclear testing
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  • 1947 The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1948 The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending Italian rule
  • 1950 Ice Pairs Championship at London won by K Kennedy & P Kennedy (USA)
  • 1950 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in London won by Alena Vrzanova CZE
  • 1950 Men's Figure Skating World Championship in London won by Dick Button (USA)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1951 Lillian Hellman's play "Autumn Garden" premieres on Broadway in NYC

Playwright Lillian Hellman
Lillian Hellman
  • 1953 Jackie McGlew scores 255* for South Africa v NZ at Wellington
  • 1958 Chicago Cardinals announce they will play their 1958 opener in Buffalo
  • 1959 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
  • 1959 West Indies all out 76 v Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
  • 1960 Dutch Builders strike for CLA
  • 1962 Launch of OSO 1, 1st astronomy satellite (solar flare data)
  • 1962 Ground-breaking report "Smoking and Health" published by the British Royal College of Physicians, first major report to warn of the dangers of smoking

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Alabama state troopers and 600 black protesters clash in Selma during "Bloody Sunday", protesters, including future congressman John Lewis beaten and hospitalized

Civil Rights Leader and Congressman John Lewis
Civil Rights Leader and Congressman
John Lewis
Civil Rights Activist Jimmie Lee Jackson
Civil Rights Activist
Jimmie Lee Jackson
  • 1965 Bruce Taylor takes 5-86 in debut innings for NZ after ton
  • 1965 Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 Teamster president Jimmy Hoffa begins 8-year jail sentence for defrauding the union & jury tampering (commuted Dec 23, 1971)
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Ice Pairs Championship at Ljubljana won by Rodnina & Ulanov (URS)
  • 1970 Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Ljubljana won by Gabriele Seyfert (GDR)
  • 1970 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ljubljana won by Tim Wood (USA)
  • 1971 Egypt refuses to renew the Suez cease fire
  • 1973 Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1973 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League wins election in Bangladesh

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1974 "USS Monitor", Union Ship sunk in 1862 during US Civil War, restored at Cape Hatteras
  • 1974 1st general strike in Ethiopia

Birthdays in History

Person of interestLucilla

148 Lucilla, Rome, Roman noblewoman (daughter of Marcus Aurelius and sister of Commodus) (between 148-150 AD), born in Rome

Roman Noblewoman Lucilla
Roman Noblewoman
  • 189 Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor, born in Rome (d. 211)
  • 1481 Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter, born in Siena, Italy (d. 1536)
  • 1543 Johan Casimir, German prince (occupied Gent), born in Simmern, Germany (d. 1592)
  • 1556 Guillaume du Vair, French writer and thinker, born in Paris (d. 1621)

Person of interestRob Roy

1671 Rob Roy, Scottish folk hero, baptized in Buchanan, Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1734)

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1678 Filippo Juvarra, Italian architect, born in Messina, Italy (d. 1736)
  • 1682 Johan Willem, Duke of Ripperda, Dutch political adventurer, born in Oldehove, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1737)
  • 1687 Jean Lebeuf, French historian, born in Auxerre, France (d. 1760)
  • 1693 Clement XIII [Carlo Rezzonico], Pope (1758-69), born in Venice (d. 1769)
  • 1707 Stephen Hopkins, American politician who signed the US Declaration of Independence, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1785)
  • 1715 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist, born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1755)
  • 1715 Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • 1730 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • 1762 Sebastiaan Cornelius Nederburgh, Dutch statesman, director-general East Indies Company, responsible for Nederburgh's Charter), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1811)
  • 1765 Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
  • 1785 Alessandro Manzoni, Italian poet/novelist (Betrothed)
  • 1788 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, born in Châtillon-Coligny, France (d. 1878)
  • 1792 John Herschel, William Herschel's son, English astronomer and photographer (invented the blueprint), born in Slough, England (d. 1871)
  • 1807 Franz Graf von Pocci, German founding director of the Munich Marionette Theatre (Punch and Judy), poet, and illustrator of children's literature (Viola Tricolor: In Picture and Rhyme), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1813 Judocus Smits, Dutch Catholic newspaper pioneer/founder (The Time)

Person of interestJames Donnelly

1816 James Donnelly, Irish-Canadian patriarch of the Donnelly family (Black Donnelly massacre), born in Ireland (d. 1880)

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • 1827 Henry DeLamar Clayton, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • 1831 John Bratton [Old Reliable], American physician and Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Winnsboro, South Carolina (d. 1898)
  • 1832 Orlando Metcalfe Poe, American engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Navarre, Ohio (d. 1895)
  • 1837 Henry Draper, American astronomer (Moon, Orion Nebula), born in Prince Edward County, Virginia (d. 1882)
  • 1841 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentine, journalist and poet (El nido de condores), born in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1882)
  • 1841 William Rockhill Nelson, founder of The Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)
  • 1844 Anthony Comstock, American anti-vice crusader/philatelist, born in New Canaan, Connecticut (d. 1915)
  • 1845 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), born in Port Perry, Canada West (d. 1913)
  • 1846 Whitcomb Judson, American inventor (zipper), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1909)

Person of interestLuther Burbank

1849 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Luther Burbank

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1850 Champ Clark, American politician, US Speaker of the House (1911-19), born in Lawrenceburg, Kentucky (d. 1921)
  • 1856 Matilde Serao [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 1857 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austrian psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 1866 Paul Ernst, German writer, born in Elbingerode, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1933)
  • 1869 Ernst Cohen, Dutch chemist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)

Person of interestPiet Mondrian

1872 Piet Mondrian, Dutch abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie), born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. 1944)

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • 1878 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1888 Alidius WLT van Starkenborch Stachouwer, gov of Neth Indies (1936-45)
  • 1891 Marcel Barger [Meyer Streliskie], Dutch cabaret performer (I keep Susy) (died in Auschwitz 1942)
  • 1893 Milton Avery, American artist, born in Almar, New York (d. 1965)
  • 1898 Jan Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer
  • 1900 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
  • 1900 [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)

Person of interestReinhard Heydrich

1904 Reinhard Heydrich, German Nazi leader (head of Bohemia and Moravia and the Reich Main Security Office), born in Halle an der Saale (d. 1942)

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • 1905 Vera Fjodorova Panova, Russian author (Sputniki)
  • 1908 Joop [Joseph] van Santen, Dutch 1st chamber member (CPN)
  • 1909 Greta Schoon, German poet, born in Spetzerfehn (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Leo Malet, French crime novelist (Nestor Burma novels), born in Montpellier, France (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Morton DaCosta, director (Island of Love, Music Man), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1915 Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician, French Prime Minister and President of the National Assembly, born in Paris, France (d. 2000)
  • 1918 June Wayne, American artist, lithographer and teacher (Tamarind Lithography Workshop), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1919 Jocelyn Hambro, British financier (Hambros Bank), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Jakarta), born in Padang, Dutch East Indies (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (fluid dynamics), born in Kologriv, Soviet Russia (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Eduardo Paolozzi, Scottish sculptor (Hydra), born in Leith, Scotland (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Kobo Abe, playwright (Woman, the Dunes), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1925 Rene Gagnon, US Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1979)
  • 1927 Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and teacher (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Henri Landwirth, Belgian-American hotel owner and philanthropist
  • 1930 Anthony Armstrong-Jones [Lord Snowdon], British photographer and husband of Princess Margaret, born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen, Dutch journalist (Beehive)
  • 1934 Willard Scott, American weather forecaster (Today Show), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 2021)
  • 1936 Georges Perec, French writer (Seire Noire, Retour a la bien-aimee)
  • 1937 Don Bonker, American politician (Rep-D-WA, 1975-89), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1938 David Baltimore, American biologist (1975 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine), born in New York City
  • 1940 Harald Gerlach, German writer, born in Bolesławiec, Poland (d. 2001)
  • 1940 Rudi [Rudolf] Dutschke, German student leader (Glasnost Berlin)
  • 1940 Viktor Savinykh, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-4, T-13, TM-5), born in Berezkiny, Kirov
  • 1942 Paul Preuss, American sci-fi author (Medusa Encounter, Starfire)
  • 1942 Tommy F. Robinson, American politician (Rep-D-AR, 1985-91), born in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 1942 Charles R. Boutin, American politician (Maryland), born in Troy, New York
  • 1944 Elton Gallegly, American politician (Rep-R-California 1987-2013), born in Huntington Park, California
  • 1944 Jürgen Theobaldy, German writer, born in Strasberg, France
  • 1944 Stanley Schmidt, American science fiction writer and editor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1944 Michael Rosbash, American geneticist (Nobel Prize 2017, Drosophila period gene), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1947 Robert O'Neill Crossman, politician
  • 1949 Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician, born in Bhalessa, Dominion of India
  • 1949 Rex Hunt, Australian TV and radio personality and former Australian rules player, born in Mentone, Australia
  • 1957 Robert Harris, British TV reporter, journalist and author (Fatherland, Enigma), born in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1958 Alan Hale, American astronomer (Comet Hale–Bopp), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1964 Bret Easton Ellis, American writer (American Psycho), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1964 Mikhail Popkov, Russian serial killer of 55 people, born in Angarsk, USSR
  • 1967 Ai Yazawa, Japanese mangaka (manga author - Neighbourhood Story), born in Amagasaki, Japan
  • 1979 Ricardo Rosselló, Puerto Rican politician, Governor of Puerto Rico (2017-), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1990 Abigail and Brittany Hensel, American conjoined twins, born in New Germany, Minnesota

Person of interestAmanda Gorman

1998 Amanda Gorman, American poet and activist who delivered the poem "The Hill We Climb" at President Joe Biden's inauguration, born in Los Angeles, California

Poet and Activist Amanda Gorman
Poet and Activist
Amanda Gorman

Deaths in History

Person of interestAristotle

322 BC Aristotle, Greek philosopher and polymath (b. 384 BC)

Philosopher Aristotle

Person of interestAntoninus Pius

161 Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], 15th Emperor of Rome (138-161 AD), dies at 74

Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius
  • 203 Perpetua and Felicitas, Christian martyrs (perhaps after 209)
  • 308 Saint Eubulus, Christian martyr. killed in Caesarea
  • 851 Nominoe, first Duke of Brittany "father of the country" (Tad ar Vro)
  • 1111 Bohemond I, Prince of Otranto, ruler of Antioch, one of the leaders of the First Crusade, dies
  • 1226 William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader

Person of interestThomas Aquinas

1274 Thomas Aquinas, Italian theologian, Philosopher and Doctor of the Church (Summa Theologica), dies at 48 or 49 [birth date uncertain]

  • 1305 Gwijde van Dampierre, count of Flanders/count of Namur, dies at 78
  • 1517 Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (1500-17), dies at 34
  • 1578 Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox, niece of Henry VIII and whose son married Mary Queen of Scots, dies at 62
  • 1625 Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
  • 1719 Steven Jacobsz Vennekool, Amsterdam architect, buried
  • 1724 Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti], Pope (1721-24), dies at 68
  • 1737 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl and fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars), dies at 79
  • 1750 Cornelis Troost, Dutch portrait painter (Beslikte Zwaentje), dies at 52
  • 1767 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonial administrator (French Louisiana), dies at 87
  • 1778 Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist, dies at 58
  • 1810 Albertus Henricus Wiese, governor-general of Netherlands Indies, dies at about 48
  • 1810 Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral, dies at 61
  • 1833 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German literary hostess, dies at 61
  • 1862 Ben McCulloch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 50
  • 1862 John Baillie McIntosh, US general-major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • 1862 William Slack, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1904 Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (b. 1828)
  • 1911 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer and poet (Il Santo, Leila), dies at 68
  • 1913 Emily Pauline Johnson [Tekahionwake], Native Canadian poet, dies of cancer at 51
  • 1928 Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist, dies at 76
  • 1931 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic, dies at 65 [1]
  • 1931 Theo van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect, dies at 47

Person of interestAristide Briand

1932 Aristide Briand, 11 time Prime Minister of France (1909-22) and 1926 Nobel Peace Prize winner, dies at 69

11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • 1938 Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (1924-25) (b. 1876)
  • 1939 John Jules Barrish, Irish writer and philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1940 Edwin Markham, American poet (1st winner of American Academy of Poets Award 1937), dies at 87
  • 1941 Gunther Prien, German commandant (U-47), dies in battle
  • 1945 Adolf Bartels, German journalist and poet, dies at 82
  • 1949 Francis Dodd, English artist (official war artist WWI), commits suicide at 74
  • 1951 Haj Ali Razmara, 33rd Prime Minister of Iran (1950-51), assassinated at 49
  • 1952 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (Autobiography of a Yogi), dies at 59
  • 1954 Otto Diels, German organic chemist (1950 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for cyclic organic compounds), dies at 78
  • 1957 Wyndham Lewis, English author (Tarr, Apes of God) and co-founder of the Vorticist movement in art, dies at 74
  • 1959 Arthur Cecil Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), dies at 81
  • 1959 Hinsdale Smith, developer of roll-down auto windows, dies at 88
  • 1959 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), dies at 76
  • 1961 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter, dies at 42
  • 1961 Max Hymans, French WW II resistance fighter and Head of Air France, dies at 60
  • 1964 Franz Alexander, Hungarian American psycho analyst, dies at 73
  • 1967 Alice B. Toklas, American-Parisian avant-garde and companion to Gertrude Stein, dies at 89
  • 1973 Andre de Meulemeester, Belgium WW I pilot [Eagle of Flanders], dies at 78
  • 1975 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher, dies at 79
  • 1976 Wright Patman, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 1981 John Gnagy, artist (Learn to Draw), dies at 73
  • 1984 Paul Rotha, English director (b. 1907)
  • 1985 Robert W. Woodruff, American CEO (Coca-Cola) and philanthropist, dies at 95
  • 1985 Victor W. Farris, American inventor (paper milk carton), dies at 75
  • 1986 Jacob K Javits, American politician (Sen-R-NY), dies in Palm Beach, Florida at 81
  • 1991 Greta Schoon, German poet, dies at 81
  • 1995 Don Cook, British foreign correspondent, dies at 74
  • 1995 Jaap van den Hurk, TV-director (NCRV), dies
  • 1995 Jacques Lefebvre, Belgian air force general, commits suicide at 64
  • 1995 Paul-Emile Victor, French polar explorer, dies at 87
  • 1995 Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found paper (Typhoon), dies at 82
  • 1996 Aled Eames, Welsh maritime historian, dies at 74
  • 1997 Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist (Nobel 1952), dies at 84
  • 1997 E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1997 Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish poet (A Little Bouquet), dies at 73
  • 1999 Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official, dies at 80
  • 2000 Edward H. Levi, American law professor (Intro to Legal Reasoning), dies at 88
  • 2006 Gordon Parks, American photographer, dies at 83
  • 2006 Ansen [Nancy Ann] Dibble, Dutch sci-fi author (Summerfair), dies at 63
  • 2010 Mary Josephine Ray, Canadian-American supercentenarian, dies at 114
  • 2013 Elmar Tampõld, Estonian-Canadian architect, dies at 92
  • 2016 Michael White, British theater/film producer (The Rocky Horror Picture Show), dies at 80
  • 2017 Hans Dehmelt, German-born American physicist (Nobel Prize 1989), dies at 94
  • 2017 Lynne Stewart, American defense attorney (known for representing controversial, poor, and often unpopular defendants), dies at 77
  • 2018 Reynaldo Bignone, Argentine politician and human rights violator, 41st President (1982–1983), dies of a hip fracture and heart failure at 90
  • 2018 Jacques Clemens, Dutch Catholic priest, dies at 108
  • 2019 Dan Jenkins, American author, sportswriter (Sports Illustrated), dies at 90