On This Day

On This Day in History for March 8

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1531 Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England by the Convocation of Canterbury

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1586 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt becomes Dutch chief legal advisor
  • 1658 Peace of Roskilde between Sweden & Denmark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1702 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland following the death of William III

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1706 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established
  • 1711 Antoin de Guiscard tries English premier Haley for murder
  • 1722 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1746 Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • 1754 Marquis of Ensenada becomes premier of Spain
  • 1766 Willem V (18) becomes governor of United Provinces
  • 1777 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt
  • 1782 Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 indians
  • 1801 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 1817 The New York Stock Exchange is founded
  • 1838 US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • 1844 King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 US Commodore Matthew C. Perry's second trip to Japan

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1855 1st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • 1857 British seismologist John Milne is hired by the Japanese government as a foreign adviser (oyatoi gaikokujin)
  • 1861 St Augustine Florida surrenders to Union armies
  • 1862 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • 1862 Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • 1865 Battle of Kingston, North Carolina (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks)
  • 1867 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada's constitution for more than 100 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1884 Susan B. Anthony addresses U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote, 16 years after legislators 1st introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1887 Everett Horton, CT, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes
  • 1894 The state of New York enacts the nation's first dog-licensing law
  • 1896 Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • 1898 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen
  • 1908 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, NY
  • 1910 Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris becomes the 1st ever licensed female pilot
  • 1913 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • 1915 1st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • 1916 US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
  • 1917 Russian "February Revolution" begins in earnest with protests celebrating International Woman's Day and riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war [OS=Feb 23]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US Senate introduces the Cloture Rule, requiring a two-thirds majority to end debate, at the urging of Woodrow Wilson [1]

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • 1921 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1924 Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate, Utah
  • 1927 Pan American Airlines incorporates
  • 1929 US worker union commission reports of slavery in Liberia

CameraFamous Photo

1934 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Edwin Hubble
  • 1939 Lenore Coffee & William Joyce Cowan's "Family Portrait" premieres
  • 1942 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • 1943 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • 1943 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • 1943 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1944 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • 1945 Nazi Sicherheitsdienst (SD) intelligence agency executes 116 prisoners, and one reluctant police official, at de Woeste Hoeve, Netherlands in response to raid by resistance forces two days earlier
  • 1945 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • 1945 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • 1945 International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • 1945 Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn in as US Navy ensign
  • 1946 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use (NYC)
  • 1948 US Supreme Court rules in McCollum v. Board of Education that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional
  • 1949 WBAP-FM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • 1950 1st woman medical officer assigned to naval vessel (BR Walters)
  • 1951 Intl Table Tennis Federation bans Egypt (for refusing to play Israel)
  • 1952 Antoine Pinay forms French government
  • 1953 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years
  • 1954 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1957 Israeli troops leave Egypt
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1957 Egypt reopens the Suez Canal after Israel withdraws from occupied Egyptian territory
  • 1958 Silky Sullivan comes from 40 lengths back to win by 3 at Santa Anita

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 William Faulkner says US school degenerated to become babysitters

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1959 Groucho, Chico & Harpo Marx's final TV appearance together
  • 1959 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • 1961 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Syrian Arab Rep Revolution Day - Military coup in Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Malcolm X resigns from the Nation of Islam

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1965 First US combat forces arrive in Vietnam, on the beaches of Da Nang
  • 1966 An IRA bomb destroys Nelson's Column in Dublin
  • 1968 Bill Graham's New York rock venue Fillmore East opens in Manhattan
  • 1968 Students demonstrate in Warsaw
  • 1971 Radio Hanoi broadcasts Jimi Hendrix's "Star Spangled Banner"
  • 1971 Gun battle between Official Irish Republican Army and Provisional IRA leave 1 man killed; result of feud between two wings of the IRA developing since the split in 1970
  • 1972 1st airship flown over Britain in 20 years (Europa)
  • 1972 1st flight of the Goodyear blimp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Eisenhower Tunnel, world's highest and US longest, opens 60km west of Denver, Colorado

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 The Provisional Irish Republican Army undertakes its first operation in Great Britain, planting four car bombs in London; 10 members of PIRA are arrested at Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the country
  • 1974 Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France
  • 1975 Royal Canadian Mint announces branch opening in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1976 1,774 kg (largest observed) stony meteorite falls in Jilin, China
  • 1977 Henry L Marsh III elected mayor of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1977 Princess Anne announces she's expecting her 1st child (Peter)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 The first-ever radio episode of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams, is transmitted on BBC Radio 4.

  • 1979 1st extraterrestrial volcano discovered on Jupiter's satellite Io
  • 1979 China withdraws invasion troops from Vietnam
  • 1979 Shuttle Columbia (OV-102) transported 38 miles overland from Palmdale
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 House Foreign Affairs Com endorses nuclear weapons freeze with USSR
  • 1983 IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 President Reagan 1st known use of term "Evil Empire" (about the USSR) in speech in Florida

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1986 4 French TV crew members are abducted in west Beirut Lebanon

Birthdays in History

  • 1286 John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)
  • 1293 Beatrice of Castile, Queen of Portugal (1325-57), born in Toro, Zamora (d. 1359)
  • 1495 John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint, founder of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of God, born in Montemor-o-Novo, Évora, Portugal (d. 1550)
  • 1514 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, born in Izumo, Japan (d. 1562)
  • 1659 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, born in Niort, France (d. 1738)

Person of interestAnne Bonny

1702 Anne Bonny, Irish pirate (date of birth is approximate), born in Kinsale, Ireland (d. 1782)

Pirate Anne Bonny
Anne Bonny
  • 1712 John Fothergill, English physician, born in Wensleydale, England (d. 1780)
  • 1726 Richard Howe, British admiral, born in London (d. 1799)
  • 1746 André Michaux, French botanist, born in Satory, France (d. 1802)
  • 1748 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1806)
  • 1783 Hannah Van Buren, Wife of U.S. President Martin Van Buren (1837-41), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1819)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1799 Simon Cameron, U.S. Senator and Secretary of War (Union), born in Maytown, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1814 Ede Szigligeti [József Szathmáry], Hungarian dramatist, born in Nagyvárad-Olaszi (d. 1878)
  • 1822 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish engineer, businessman and inventor, born in Zaduszniki, Mielec, Austrian Empire (d. 1882)
  • 1827 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • 1830 João de Deus [Sao Bartolomeu de Messines], Portuguese poet (Flores do Campo), born in Algarve, Portugal (d. 1896)
  • 1836 Matthew Calbraith Butler, American Major General (Confederate Army) and politician, born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1909)
  • 1839 James Mason Crafts, American chemist (Friedel-Crafts alkylation synthesis), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1917)
  • 1839 Josephine Cochrane, American inventor (automatic dishwasher), born in Ashtabula County, Ohio (d. 1913)

Person of interestOliver Wendell Holmes Jr

1841 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, US 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

  • 1847 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, born in Stollberg / Erzgeb (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Bramwell Booth, 2nd General of The Salvation Army, born in Halifax, England (d. 1929)
  • 1856 Tom Roberts, British-Australian artist (Shearing the Rams), born in Dorchester, Dorset, England (d. 1931)
  • 1859 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • 1862 Joseph Lee, Father of Playgrounds movement, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Frederick William Goudy, American printer and type designer, born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1947)
  • 1879 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host and zoo director (Artis), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), born in South Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Stuart Chase, American writer and economist (The Tragedy of Waste), born in Somersworth, New Hampshire (d. 1985)
  • 1889 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), born in Greensburg, Indiana (d. 1980)
  • 1890 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1892 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader and Prime Minister (1952-53), born in Ada, Serbia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (1951-56), born in Renfrew, Ontario (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Eric Linklater, British novelist and poet (Blue Swallows), born in Penarth, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Elmer Keith, American firearms enthusiast and author (Guns & Ammo), born in Missouri (d. 1984)
  • 1900 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • 1902 Jennings Randolph, American politician, Senator from West Virginia (1958-85), born in Salem, West Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (1980-85), born in Sérrai, Ottoman Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1909 Hugh Murphy, English multi-millionaire
  • 1910 Bernard Benjamin, British health statistician, actuary and demographer, born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1911 Elsie Giorgi, American-Italian physician and humanitarian, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Preston Smith, 40th Governor of Texas, born in Williamson County, Texas (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Jacob B. Bakema, Dutch modernist architect (St Louis Missouri), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1914 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1915 Vivien John, English painter and daughter of Augustus John, born in Dorset (d. 1994)
  • 1916 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1986)
  • 1916 John W. Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer, born in Newburgh, Indiana (d. 2004)
  • 1917 A Marja [ATE Mooy], Dutch literary (Shreds on the River)
  • 1918 Poon Lim, Chinese sailor who survived 133 days adrift at sea, born in Hainan, China (d. 1991)
  • 1922 Heinar Kipphardt, German writer and playwright (In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer), born in Heidersdorf, Lower Silesia (d. 1982)
  • 1922 Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Manga artist (GeGeGe no Kitarō), born in Sakaiminato, Tittori (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Ralph Baer, Creator of the first video game console
  • 1923 Juan M G "Wancho" Evertsz, premier of Dutch Antilles (NVP, 1973-77)
  • 1924 Victor "Toby" Neuberg, teacher/writer
  • 1925 Petrus Steenkamp, Dutch politician (KVP/CDA)
  • 1927 Stanisław Kania, Polish politician
  • 1931 John McPhee, author (Back to ----)
  • 1931 Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • 1937 Juvénal Hayarimana, president of Rwanda (1973-94)
  • 1937 Pamela McEvoy-Johnston, psychotherapist-board member (WIC)

Person of interestJuvénal Habyarimana

1937 Juvénal Habyarimana, Rwandan General, Dictator and President of Rwanda (1973-94) who was assassinated at the start of the Rwandan genocide, born in Ruanda-Urundi, Belgian Colonial Empire (d. 1994)

Dictator and President of Rwanda Juvénal Habyarimana
Dictator and President of Rwanda
Juvénal Habyarimana
  • 1939 George William Reed, astronomy writer/cartoonist (Dark Sky Legacy)
  • 1939 Mike Lowry, American politician (Rep-D-WA, 1979-89, Governor of Washington 1993-97), born in St. John, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Leslie Isben Rogge, one of FBI's most wanted
  • 1944 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • 1945 Jim Chapman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-1997), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • 1945 Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • 1946 Jean Pagé, Canadian sports journalist (host: 'La Soirée du hockey' and '110%'), born in Chicoutimi, Quebec (d. 2019)
  • 1947 Florentino Pérez, Spanish football executive
  • 1947 Don Brooks, American session and touring harmonica player (Waylon Jennings; Ken Burns' "The Civil War"), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2000)
  • 1952 Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-14)
  • 1952 George Felix Allen, American politician
  • 1965 Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
  • 1968 Ellen Forney, American cartoonist
  • 1980 Stephen Milne, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist

Weddings in History

  • 1418 Jacqueline, Countess of Haintaut marries her cousin John IV Duke of Brabant in The Hague

LoveWedding of Interest

1820 5th US President James Monroe's daughter Maria 1st child of a President to marry in the White House

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe

LoveWedding of Interest

1848 Confederate General James Longstreet (27) weds Maria Louisa Garland in Lynchburg, Virginia

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet

LoveWedding of Interest

1952 Future US President Ronald Reagan (41) marries Nancy Davis (30) at the Little Brown Church in San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan
  • 1969 12 year old Marcella Rosciglione becomes Italy's youngest bride in Palermo after Catholic Church gives special permission after she eloped

LoveWedding of Interest

1969 CEO of McDonald's Ray Kroc (66) weds philanthropist Joan Mansfield (40)

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • 1975 5th Earl of Lichfield Patrick Anson (35) weds Lady Leonora Grosvenor (26), daughter of the 5th Duke of Westminster at Chester Cathedral in England
  • 2012 Former "Raising Sextuplets" star Jenny Masche weds longtime beau Levi McClendon in San Diego
  • 2014 Supermarket Superstar hostess Stacy Keibler (34) weds Future Ads CEO Jared Pobre on an intimate beachside ceremony in Mexico

Deaths in History

  • 883 Albumasar [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi], Arabic astronomer, dies
  • 1126 Urraca of Castile (b. 1082)
  • 1144 Celestine II [Guido], Italian Pope (1143-44), dies in battle
  • 1223 Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1403 Bajezid I Jildirim, 4th sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42
  • 1466 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan (1401–1466), dies at 64
  • 1550 Juan de Dios, Port/Sp saint (Brothers of Mercy), dies at 55
  • 1616 Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, dies at 41
  • 1638 Jacob C van Neck, admiral/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73
  • 1641 Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer (b. 1587)
  • 1661 Jules Mazarin, Italian cardinal/premier of France, dies at 58
  • 1674 Charles Sorel, sieur de Souvigny, French writer (b. 1597)
  • 1702 John de Baen, portrait painter/etcher, buried at 69

Person of interestWilliam III

1702 William III, William of Orange, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1702) and Stadtholder, dies of pneumonia at 51

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1709 William Cowper/Cooper, English anatomist, dies at about 62
  • 1724 Enrico Giovanni Zuccalli, Swiss architect, dies at about 81
  • 1728 Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni, Italian literary and critic (Arcadia), dies at 64
  • 1731 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, dies at 42
  • 1754 Don Jose de Carvajal bon Lancaster, Sp min of Foreign affairs, dies
  • 1757 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, dies at 55
  • 1771 Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1817 Wentworth Cheswell, American auditor, teacher, Revolutionary War messenger, 1st African American elected to public office, dies of typhus fever at 70
  • 1819 Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (b. 1739)
  • 1844 Charles XIV [Jean Bernadotte], French-born King of Sweden & Norway (1818-44), Marshall of France, dies at 81
  • 1853 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), dies at 62

Person of interestBill the Butcher

1855 William Poole, Infamous member of New York City's Bowery Boys gang, dies of a gunshot wound at 33

Gang Leader Bill the Butcher
Gang Leader
Bill the Butcher
  • 1872 Cornelius Krieghoff, Dutch-Canadian painter, dies at 56

Person of interestMillard Fillmore

1874 Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (Whig: 1850-53), dies at 74

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • 1887 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian/critic, dies at 73 (b. 1813)
  • 1887 Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
  • 1887 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis), dies at 66

Person of interestJohn Ericsson

1889 John Ericsson, Swedish-American inventor (screw propeller, rotating turret), dies at 85

Mechanical Inventor John Ericsson
Mechanical Inventor
John Ericsson
  • 1901 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German politician, dies at 64

Person of interestFerdinand von Zeppelin

1917 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, dies at 78

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1920 Rafael Obligado, Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69
  • 1920 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, dies at 54
Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • 1923 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer, dies at 87

Person of interestWilliam Howard Taft

1930 William Howard Taft, 27th US President (Republican: 1909-13) and Chief Justice, dies at 72

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1930 Edward Terry Sanford, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1865)
  • 1932 Jan de Louter, Dutch lawyer and tutor of Dutch Queen Wilhelmina, dies at 84
  • 1937 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion), dies at 71
  • 1941 Sherwood Anderson, American author & publisher (Winesburg Ohio), dies at 64
  • 1945 H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • 1945 Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1946 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), dies at 77
  • 1948 Emily Bissell, American welfare worker and founder of Christmas Seals, dies at 86
  • 1951 Honeymoon Killers, dies in electric chair
  • 1955 Clémentine, Princess of Belgium, wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte V, dies at 82
  • 1959 Abdel Wahab Shawwaf, Iraqi colonel/putschist, murdered
  • 1972 Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (b. 1899)
  • 1974 Christian van Geel, Dutch poet/sculptor (Spinroc), dies at 56
  • 1975 George Stevens, American director (Swing Time, Gunga Din), dies at 70
  • 1976 Alfons Rebane, Estonian military commander (b. 1908)
  • 1985 Thomas Creighton, US heart patient (3 implants in 46 hrs), dies at 33
  • 1986 Hubert Fichte, German writer, dies of an AIDS related illness at 50
  • 1988 Werner Hartmann, German physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1993 Johan Bodegraven, radio host (Purses Open, Dikes Closed), dies at 78
  • 1994 John Ewart, Sydney Australia, dies of cancer at 55
  • 1994 Joop C Swart, publisher/founder (World Press Photo), dies at 69
  • 1994 Knut Haukelid, Norway/US resistance fighter (Rjukan 1943), dies at 82
  • 1995 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Jewish Aid Trust), dies at 83
  • 1995 Paul Horgan, American novelist (Mountain Standard Time), dies at 91
  • 1996 Alison McCartney, pathologist/Breast Cancer campaigner, dies at 45
  • 1996 Jack Churchill, British Army commando, dies at 89
  • 1997 Alexander Salkind, producer (Superman), dies at 75
  • 1997 Raymond Edwards, American doo-wop bass (The Silhouettes - "Get A Job"), dies of cancer at 72
  • 1999 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinean writer (b.1914)
  • 2004 Abu Abbas [Muhammad Zaidan], Palestinian founder of the Palestine Liberation Front, dies in American custody of allegedly natural causes at 55
  • 2005 Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen leader (b. 1951)
  • 2005 César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
  • 2009 Zbigniew Religa, Minister of Health of the Republic of Poland (b. 1938)
  • 2012 Leslie Cochran, American peace activist and police critic, dies from head trauma at 60
  • 2014 William Guarnere, American WWII veteran, dies at 90
  • 2017 Lou Duva, American boxing trainer, dies at 94
  • 2018 Kate Wilhelm, American fiction author (Hugo Award: Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang), dies of respiratory failure at 89
  • 2018 Sir Wilson Harris, Guyanese author (Palace of the Peacock, Jonestown, The Ghost of Memory), dies of natural causes at 96
  • 2018 Togo West Jr., American attorney and public official (3rd Secretary of Veterans Affairs 1998-2000), dies of a heart attack at 75
  • 2021 Norton Juster, American architect and children's author (The Phantom Tollbooth; The Dot and The Line), dies at 91 [1]
  • 2021 Fergal McCann, Irish Gaelic football coach and trainer (All-Ireland Championship 2005, 08; Tyrone), dies from cancer at 47