On This Day

On This Day in History for May 12

Events in History

  • 254 Stephan I succeeds Lucius I as Catholic Pope
  • 919 Duke Henry of Saxony becomes King Henry I of Oostfrankischreich
  • 1082 Battle at Mailberg: Vratislav II of Bohemia beats Leopold II of Austr

Historic PublicationMagna Carta

1215 English barons serve ultimatum on King John which eventually leads to the creation and signing of the Magna Carta

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The Magna Carta, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval Latin
The Magna Carta, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval Latin
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  • 1328 Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV and assembly of priests select Pietro Rainalducc as anti-Pope Nicolas V; consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice
  • 1459 Jodhpur, Sun City, founded by Rao Jodhpur in India
  • 1525 Battle at Biblingen: Zwabische Union beats rebel Wurttemberg farmers
  • 1534 German Duchy of Wurttemberg becomes Lutheran under Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg
  • 1551 San Marcos University in Lima, Peru, opens (oldest continuously operating university in the Americas)
  • 1588 Catholic League under duke Henri de Guise occupies Paris
  • 1604 Spanish garrison of Aardenburg surrenders to Mauritius
  • 1638 Emperor Shah Jahan commissions construction of the Red Fort at Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (now Dehli, India)
  • 1640 Uprising against Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1689 England & Netherlands form League of Augsburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1695 English King William III departs to Netherlands

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1701 Drenthe adopts Gregorian calendar (yesterday is 4/29/1701)

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1733 Maria Theresa crowned Queen of Bohemia in Prague
  • 1776 Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, the French minister of Finance resigns
  • 1777 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi in the NY Gazette)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1780 American General Benjamin Lincoln surrenders Charleston to the British (Revolutionary War)

Military Leader Benjamin Lincoln
Military Leader
Benjamin Lincoln
  • 1784 Ratified copies of the Treaty of Paris, ending the Revolutionary War exchanged between US and Great Britain, in Paris
  • 1789 Society of St Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses

UKBritain Abolishes the Slave Trade

1789 William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in the UK House of Commons, reasoning the slave trade morally reprehensible and an issue of natural justice

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'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
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Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1797 Nore Mutiny: British Royal Navy sailors mutiny on the Thames, England and blockade London
  • 1821 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin visits the Panuncillo Copper Mine in North Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1862 Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1863 Battle of Raymond, Mississippi
  • 1864 Battle of Drewry's Bluff, fought in Chesterfield County, Virginia (Peninsula Campaign), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1864 Battle of Spotsylvania, fought near Courthouse, Virginia (Overland Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1864 Battle of Todd's Tavern, cavalry battle fought near Todds Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1864 US Union colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to brigadier general
  • 1865 Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
  • 1870 Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • 1871 Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Kentucky

  • 1873 Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden
  • 1874 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized
  • 1877 Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
  • 1881 Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1885 Battle of Batoche: Louis Riel and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leads to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel

Politician and Revolutionary Louis Riel
Politician and Revolutionary
Louis Riel
  • 1888 Crouching start 1st used in track and field by Charles Sherrill of Yale
  • 1890 Louisiana legalizes prize fighting
  • 1891 Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • 1897 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
  • 1897 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • 1898 Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
  • 1900 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • 1900 Lord Roberts' British forces occupy Crown city during Boer War
  • 1901 US President McKinley visits San Francisco
  • 1902 140,000 miners of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania go out on a strike called by the United Mine Workers after the owners have refused to recognize the UMW, negotiate or submit to arbitration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 George Bernard Shaw's play "Getting Married" premieres in London

  • 1908 Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B. Stubblefield

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1910 Second NAACP conference in NYC

Nurse and Social Activist Lillian Wald
Nurse and Social Activist
Lillian Wald
  • 1911 American economic expert W. Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911 1st Inter-Empire Championships open in London
  • 1915 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • 1915 Franklin K. Mathiews first presents idea of "Book Week"
  • 1916 James Connolly and Sean McDermott are executed following their involvement in the Easter Rising in Dublin
  • 1919 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • 1921 National Hospital Day 1st observed in the United States
  • 1925 Uzbekistan & Kirgizistan become autonomous Soviet republics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Airship Norge is the first vessel to fly over North Pole, lead by Roald Amundsen and piloted by Umberto Nobile

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen

BattleCoup d'état

1926 General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1926 Hans Luther resigns for 2nd time as German Chancellor after no-confidence vote against his minority government
  • 1926 British General Strike ends after 9 days, coal mine workers stay on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Benito Mussolini announces moves to end women's suffrage in a speech to the Senate in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1928 Second Opium Law introduced - international law to control drugs
  • 1929 Pulitzer prize awarded to Julia Peterkin (Scarlet Sister Mary)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)

Playwright Marc Connelly
Marc Connelly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Body of kidnapped son of Charles Lindbergh is found in Hopewell, New Jersey

  • 1933 Federal Emergency Relief Administration & Agricultural Adjustment Administration form to help the needy & farmers
  • 1936 Ralph Vaughan Williams' opera "Poisoned Kiss" premieres in London

CrownRoyal Coronation

1937 Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey, London

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1938 Sandoz Labs begins manufacturing LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • 1940 French marines occupy St Maarten
  • 1940 German tanks conquer Moerdijk bridges, Netherlands
  • 1940 Nazi blitzkrieg and conquest of France begins with the crossing of the Muese River

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Martin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Adolf Hitler's deputy

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1941 British forces march into Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1941 Konrad Zuse presents the Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer, in Berlin
  • 1942 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1942 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • 1942 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • 1943 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 German troops in Tunisia, North Africa, surrender
  • 1944 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • 1944 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • 1944 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates due to ill health

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 1st foreign woman ambassador received in USA (Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit of India)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • 1952 Charlton Playground named in Bronx
  • 1952 Gaj Singh is crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • 1955 Chicago Cub Sam "Toothpick" Jones is 1st African-American to pitch a no-hitter, winning 4-0 over Pittsburgh Pirates, at Wrigley Field, Chicago
  • 1956 East Pakistan struck by cyclone and tidal waves
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands
  • 1958 US & Canada form North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)
  • 1962 Grevelingen dam closes in major project to protect the southwest of the Netherlands from flooding

Birthdays in History

  • 1401 Emperor Shōkō, 101st Japanese Emperor (412-428) (d. 1428)
  • 1496 Gustav I of Sweden (1523-60), born in Rydboholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1560
  • 1590 Cosimo II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1621)
  • 1626 Louis Hennepin, Flemish missionary who explorer the interior of North America, born in Ath, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1705)
  • 1662 Jan F van Bloom [Orizonte], Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1670 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1700 Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (Palace of Caserta), born in Naples, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1773)
  • 1725 Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, French Prince of the Bourbon House, born at the Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1785)
  • 1767 Manuel de Godoy 'Prince of the Peace', Spanish statesman, 1st Secretary of State of Spain, born in Badajoz, Spain (d. 1851)
  • 1790 [Johannes] Carsten Hauch, Danish poet and writer, born in Frederikshald, Norway (d. 1872)
  • 1803 Justus von Liebig, German agricultural and biological chemist who is considered the founder of organic chemistry, born in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1873)
  • 1804 Robert Baldwin, (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • 1806 Amos Beebe Eaton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Catskill, New York (d. 1877)
  • 1806 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish journalist, statesman and nationalist, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1881)
  • 1812 Edward Lear, English landscape painter and poet (Complete Nonsense Book), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1812 Louis Ludwig Blenker, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Worms, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1813 Johann Czerski, German clergyman, founded German Catholicism, born in Warlubien, West Prussia (d. 1893)

Person of interestFlorence Nightingale

1820 Florence Nightingale, British nurse (revolutionized nursing during the Crimean War), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1910)

  • 1828 Gabriel Dante Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite figure poet and painter, born in London, England (d. 1882)
  • 1850 Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman, born in Beverly, Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • 1868 Halsey William Wilson, American publisher of reference books
  • 1874 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian physician (Reaction of Pirquet)
  • 1876 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria
  • 1880 Lincoln Ellsworth, American polar explorer, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1951)
  • 1886 Albert Saverys, Flemish painter (d. 1964)
  • 1889 Otto Frank, German born father of Anne Frank who saw her diaries published, born in Frankfurt (d. 1980)
  • 1892 Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
  • 1895 Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Songs of Life), born in Madanapalle, India (d. 1986)
  • 1899 Indra Devi, Latvian Yoga Instructor (d. 2002)
  • 1900 Helene Weigel, Austrian-German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1902 Heinrich Kirchner, German sculptor (d. 1984)
  • 1906 Maurice Ewing, US pioneering geologist and geophysicist, born in Lockney, Texas (d. 1974)
  • 1907 Leslie Charteris, Chinese English American detective writer (Simon Templar character in The Saint), born in Singapore (d. 1993)
  • 1910 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (penicillin/B12/Nobel 1964), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Archibald Cox, U.S. Solicitor General (d. 2004)
  • 1914 Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet and writer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1914 Dan Daniel, American politician (Rep-D-VA, 1969-88), born in Chatham, Virginia (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (d. 2001)

Person of interestJulius Rosenberg

1918 Julius Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed for espionage, born in NYC, New York

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
  • 1921 Giovanni Benelli, Italian archbishop (Florence) and Papal candidate
  • 1921 Henry Mackie, designer of the Belfast Calorimeter
  • 1921 Joseph Beuys, German avant-garde painter (Fluxus, movement), born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1986)
  • 1921 Farley Mowat, Canadian writer and naturalist, born in Belleville, Ontario, (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Barend Busnac, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter (d. 1944)
  • 1922 Marco Denevi, Argentine writer (d. 1998)
  • 1923 Ewart Abner, American record company executive (President of Motown, manager of Stevie Wonder), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • 1923 Giovanni Testori, Italian writer (Rocco e i suoi fratelli), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Hector Laing, English biscuit manufacturer (McVitie & Price), pilot and Director of the Bank of England (d. 2010)
  • 1924 Alexander Esenin-Volpin, Russian mathematician (ultrafinitism) and human rights activist, born in Leningrad, Soviet Union (d. 2016)
  • 1925 John Simon, American author, literary and theater critic (NY Times), born in Subotica, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1926 Earl Hutto, American politician (Rep-D-Florida, 1979-95), born in Panama City, Florida
  • 1926 Mervyn Dymally, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1981-93), born in Cedros, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Manuel Lujan Jr, American politician (Rep-R-NM, 1969-89), born in San Ildefonso Pueblo, New Mexico (d. 2019)
  • 1929 Sam Nujoma, Namibian revolutionary and politician, first President of Namibia (1990-2005), born in Ongandjera, Soutwest Africa
  • 1931 Johan Fleerackers, Flemish vice-president of Dutch One
  • 1933 Andrey Voznesensky, Russian poet, born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2010)
  • 1934 Elechi Amadi, Nigerian novelist (The Concubine), born in Aluu (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Guillermo Endara, President of Panama (1989-94), born in Panama City, Panama (d. 2009)
  • 1936 Frank Stella, American artist, born in Malden, Massachusetts
  • 1937 Gerry Studds, American politician (Rep-D-MA, 1973-97), first openly gay member of US Congress, born in Mineola, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1938 Andrei Amalrik, Russian writer and dissident (Will the Soviet Union Survive Until 1984), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 1980)
  • 1939 Ron Ziegler, American White House press secretary for Nixon, born in Covington, Kentucky (d. 2003)
  • 1942 Barry Longyear, American sci-fi author (City of Baraboo), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1942 Dumitru Dediu, Romanian cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • 1944 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • 1945 Patrick Ricard, French businessman and CEO of Pernod Ricard, born in Marseille, France (d. 2012)
  • 1946 L. Neil Smith, American sci-fi author (Lando Calrissian novels), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1947 Michael Ignatieff, Canadian politician (Leader of the Liberal Party), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1947 Catherine "Cat" Yronwode, American writer and editor-in-chief (Eclipse Comics), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1950 Shōzō Fujii, Japanese judoka (4x World Champion 1971-79)
  • 1958 Christian Brando, son of Marlon who killed his sisters boyfriend, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2008)
  • 1958 Andreas Petroulakis, Greek political caricaturist
  • 1975 Jared Polis, American businessman and politician, Governor of Colorado (2018-), born in Boulder, Colorado
  • 1980 Rishi Sunak, British politician (British Chancellor 2020-), born in Southampton, England

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1191 Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre in Cyprus

  • 1641 Prince Willem II of Orange (14) marries English princess Mary Henrietta Stuart (9)

LoveWedding of Interest

1763 Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman (42) weds second wife Rebecca Prescott (20)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman

LoveWedding of Interest

1979 US Senator Edward W. Brooke (59) weds second wife Anne Lee Fleming

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke

Deaths in History

  • 912 Leo VI Sophos, Byzantine Emperor (886-912) and writer (Problematica), dies at 45
  • 1003 Gerbert, French scholar, dies in Rome
  • 1003 Pope Sylvester or Silvester II [Gerbert van Aurillac], 1st French Pope (999-1003), dies
  • 1012 Sergius IV [Pietro Crescentii], Italian Pope (1009-12), dies
  • 1382 Johanna I, Queen of Naples/Provence, dies
  • 1465 Thomas Palaeologus, Despot of the Despotate of Morea dies in Rome at about 56
  • 1634 George Chapman, English dramatist, poet and translator of Homer, dies
  • 1641 Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford and Viceroy of Ireland, beheaded at 48
  • 1649 Isaac Doreslaer, English lawyer/diplomat, murdered
  • 1684 Edme Mariotte, French physicist and priest (invented Newtons cradle and discovered the eye's blind spot), dies (b. c. 1620)
  • 1699 Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (b. 1626)
  • 1708 Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1658)
  • 1737 Cornelis van Alkemade, Dutch historian, dies at 83
  • 1748 Thomas Lowndes, English astronomer, founder of the Lowndean professorship of astronomy at Cambridge University (b. 1692)
  • 1759 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1784 Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (first to study freshwater polyps or hydra), dies at 73
  • 1792 Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist, dies at 81
  • 1796 Johann Peter Uz, German poet (Theodicee), dies at 75
  • 1801 Nicholas Repnin, Russian statesman (b. 1734)
  • 1814 Robert Treat Paine, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • 1838 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), dies at 69
  • 1843 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, dies at 81
  • 1845 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, dies at 77
  • 1845 János Bacsanyi, Hungarian poet (b. 1763)
  • 1852 John Richardson, Canadian writer (War of 1812), dies at 55
  • 1856 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (b. 1786)
  • 1860 Charles Barry, British architect (rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster, dies at 64
  • 1864 Abner Monroe Perrin, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 37

Person of interestJ.E.B. Stuart

1864 J.E.B. Stuart [James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart], Confederate General, dies at 31

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • 1867 Friedrich William Eduard Gerhard, German archaeologist (b. 1795)
  • 1871 John F. W. Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies at 79
  • 1876 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • 1876 Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • 1878 Catherine Beecher, American educator (championed higher education for women), dies at 77
  • 1897 Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown, Finnish playwright, dies at 53
  • 1897 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter and lithographer, dies at 75
  • 1906 Gabriel C. Wharton, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • 1907 Joris-Karl Huysmans, French writer (Against the Grain), dies at 59
  • 1916 James Connolly, Irish socialist (founder of the Irish Socialist Republican Party), dies at 47
  • 1918 Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (Violet Crumble), dies at 73
  • 1921 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), dies at 68
  • 1925 Alfred Milner, British governor (Cape Colony) and colonial administrator, dies at 71
  • 1925 Amy Lowell, American imagist poet (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry) 1926, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 51
  • 1930 Pieter Jelles Troelstra, Dutch politician (SDAP), dies at 70

Person of interestJózef Piłsudski

1935 Józef Piłsudski, Father of the Second Polish Republic who served as its Chief of State (1918-22), Marshall of Poland and later its de facto leader (1926-35), dies at 67

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1944 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), dies at 80
  • 1951 Oscar DePriest, American politician (Rep-D-Ill), dies at 80
  • 1956 Hendrik P. Marchant, Dutch minister of Education, dies at 87
  • 1962 Dick Calkins, American comic strip artist and co-author of Buck Rogers), dies at 67
  • 1965 Roger Vailland, French playwright (La Truite), dies at 57
  • 1966 Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (b. 1896)
  • 1967 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), dies at 88

Person of interestNelly Sachs

1970 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German Swedish poet and playwright (Nobel prize for Literature 1966), dies at 78

  • 1970 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II), dies at 78
  • 1977 Luc van Brabant, Flemish writer and erotic poet, dies at 67
  • 1981 Benjamin Sheares, President of Singapore (1971-81), dies at 73
  • 1982 Humphrey Searle, British composer and musicologist (Twentieth Century Counterpoint; The Music of Franz Liszt), dies at 66
  • 1985 Jean Dubuffet, French painter and sculptor (Landscape with 2 Personages), dies at 83
  • 1986 Elisabeth Bergner, Austrian British stage actress, dies at 85
  • 1988 Paul Osborn, American playwright (Mornings at 7), dies at 86
  • 1989 Joe Valdez Caballero, American creator of hard taco, shell, dies at 81
  • 1990 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, dies at 83
  • 1994 Alfred Lane Beit, British politician and art philanthropist, dies at 91
  • 1994 John Smith, British Labour Party chairman (1992-94), dies at 55
  • 1994 Erik Erikson, American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst who coined the phrase "identity crisis", dies at 91
  • 1995 Giorgio Belladonna, Italian bridge player (16 x World C'ships; 10 x European C'ships, Italy open team-of-four), dies of lung cancer at 71
  • 1995 Reza Abdoh, Iranian born American theater director, dies of AIDs at 32
  • 1996 Hubert William Dean, British air armaments specialist, dies at 84
  • 1996 Rob Hall, New Zealand mountaineer, dies on Mt Everest at 35
  • 1998 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicles), dies at 75
  • 1999 Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia 1993-1999 (b. 1910)
  • 1999 Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist and illustrator (The New Yorker), dies at 84
  • 2001 Alexei Tupolev, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French UN High Commissioner for Refugees (b. 1933)
  • 2003 Michael Richardson, British investment banker and advisor to Margaret Thatcher known as "Mr Privatisation", dies at 78
  • 2005 Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
  • 2006 Sonny Montgomery, American politician (Rep-D-Mississippi 1967-97), dies at 85
  • 2007 Mullah Dadullah Akhund, Taliban military leader (b. 1966?)
  • 2008 Robert Rauschenberg, American artist (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Irena Sendler, Polish social worker, WWII heroine (b. 1910)
  • 2011 Harry Danielsen, Norwegian educator and politician, dies at 74
  • 2014 H. R. Giger, Swiss Oscar-winning surrealist artist, dies from injuries from a fall at 74
  • 2015 Ruth Mompati, South African politician and Secretary of Nelson Mandela, dies at 89
  • 2016 Delbert L. Latta, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1959-89), dies at 96
  • 2017 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), dies at 93