On This Day

On This Day in History for May 15

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 186

  • 756 Abd-al-Rahman I becomes emir of Cordova, Spain
  • 884 Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1004 Henry II the Saint crowned King of Italy

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1213 King John of England names Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury

King of England King John
King of England
King John
  • 1248 Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden lays cornerstone for Cologne Cathedral
  • 1252 Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition
  • 1492 Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands
  • 1514 Jodocus Badius Ascensius publishes Christiern Pedersen's Latin version of Saxo's Gesta Danorum, the oldest known version
  • 1525 The battle of Frankenhausen: German peasant army surrounded, 5,000 slaughtered ; ends the peasants' uprising

ExecutionExecution of Anne Boleyn

1536 Anne Boleyn and her brother George, Lord Rochford, accused of adultery and incest

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Anne Boleyn is beheaded after a four day show trial
Anne Boleyn is beheaded after a four day show trial
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  • 1572 Louis van Nassau & huguenots occupy Valenciennes
  • 1602 Cape Cod discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 Parliament of Paris appoints Louis XIII (8) as French King

King of France Louis XIII
King of France
Louis XIII

InventionScientific Discovery

1618 German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the third of his three planetary laws his "harmonics law"

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • 1625 16 rebellious farmers hanged in Vocklamarkt, Upper-Austria
  • 1648 Treaty of Munster ratified by Spain & Netherlands

  • 1665 Pope Alexander VII appoints committee to investigate Jansenism
  • 1672 1st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts
  • 1701 The War of the Spanish Succession begins

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1711 Alexander Pope's "An Essay on Criticism" is published anonymously

  • 1718 James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents world's 1st machine gun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 Maximilien Robespierre proposes the self-denying ordinance, making it so that no deputy who sat in the Constituent Assembly could sit in the succeeding Assembly

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1793 Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for "about 360 metres", at a height of 5-6 metres, one of the first attempted flights
  • 1796 France & Sardinia sign Peace treaty of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph with French troops

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

MurderAssassination Attempt

1800 King George III survives a second assassination attempt

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1800 Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles

Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII
  • 1817 Ambonese uprising against Dutch authority (modern Indonesia), under Thomas Matulesia (aka Kapitan Pattimura)
  • 1817 First private mental health hospital opens in the US, Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829 Joseph Smith ordained by John the Baptist according to Joseph Smith

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • 1836 Francis Baily observes "Baily's Beads" during annular solar eclipse
  • 1849 Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • 1851 King Mongkut [Rama IV or Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua] crowned in Siam (Thailand)
  • 1856 2nd San Francisco Vigilance Committee organized
  • 1862 -May 17] Battle of Princeton West Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Fort Darling), Virginia

  • 1862 Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret
  • 1862 US Department of Agriculture created
  • 1862 Major Gen Benjamin F Butler issues order (New Orleans) that confederate women abusing union soldiers be treated as whores

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Salon des Refusés opens in Paris, exhibition of works rejected by official Salon, features Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler, and Édouard Manet

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
Painter Camille Pissarro
Camille Pissarro
Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1864 Battle of New Market, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)
  • 1868 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1882 May Laws-Tsar Alexander III bans Jews from living in rural Romania
  • 1883 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1885 Canadian Métis insurgent Louis Reil captured in the aftermath of the Battle of Batoche in Saskatchewan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to midshipman

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1891 British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms
  • 1891 Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1891 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1896 Tornado kills 78 in Texas
  • 1897 The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee is founded in Berlin by Magnus Hirschfeld, the first-ever LGBT rights organization

Physician and Gay Rights Advocate Magnus Hirschfeld
Physician and Gay Rights Advocate
Magnus Hirschfeld
  • 1902 Lyman Gilmore is 1st person to fly a powered craft
  • 1902 "Bailundo Revolt" begins after Ovimbundu kingdom & allies revolt against Portuguese Empire in Benguela Highlands, central Portuguese Angola
  • 1905 Las Vegas founded in Nevada
  • 1905 Pierre de Brazza reaches Leopoldville
  • 1908 Reich Association Law comes into force
  • 1910 The last time a major earthquake happened on the Elsinore Fault Zone
  • 1911 British House of Commons accept Parliament Bill
  • 1911 Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Indiana University, incorporates
  • 1911 Supreme Court dissolves Standard Oil (Sherman Antitrust Act)
  • 1911 The Georgios Averof cruiser is bought by Greece
  • 1914 Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1914 US Colonel Edward House sails for Europe to persuade major powers to reduce armies and navies; from Germany, House reports: 'Everybody's nerves are tense; it only needs a spark to set the whole thing off'
  • 1916 Asiago, Italy, falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front
  • 1916 Claiming that the USA must act to quell dangerous disorder, the government orders US Marines to land in Santo Domingo; the American occupation will continue until 1924
  • 1917 The first officer's training camp is opened in the US, as the country prepares for war
  • 1918 1st regular US airmail postal service between NY, Philadelphia & Washington, D.C.
  • 1918 Greeks troops land at Smyrna
  • 1918 The Finnish Civil War ends
  • 1921 British Legion formed to care for ex-servicemen
  • 1922 Germany turns over the Upper Silesia region to Poland under Allied pressure and despite a plebiscite in favor of merging with Germany
  • 1923 Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • 1929 Fire in X-ray film stock kills 125 at Crile Clinic (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1930 Ellen Church becomes 1st female airline stewardess aboard a United flight from San Francisco to Cheyenne

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1931 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1932 The 15th May Incident: in an attempted coup d'état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed
  • 1933 1st voice amplification system to be used in US Senate
  • 1934 US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
  • 1934 Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
  • 1935 The Moscow Metro is opened to public

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Amy Johnson arrives in Croydon, England having flown from South Africa in a record 4 days and 16 hours

Aviator Amy Johnson
Amy Johnson
  • 1938 Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium
  • 1940 German armoured division moves into Northern France
  • 1940 German troops occupy Amsterdam, General Winkelman surrenders
  • 1940 Nazis capture General Dutch Persbureau (ANP)
  • 1940 USS Sailfish (SS-192) recommissioned, originally the Squalus
  • 1940 Richard and Maurice McDonald open the 1st McDonald's restaurant in San Bernardino, California
  • 1941 1st British turbojet flies
  • 1941 British attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt and Libya
  • 1942 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • 1942 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • 1943 Halifax bombers sinks U-463

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International) to avoid upsetting his Western allies with claims he was trying to foment revolution globally

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and King George VI discuss the plan for D-Day

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1944 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • 1945 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia

Birthdays in History

  • 1565 Henrick de Keyser, architect/master builder of Amsterdam
  • 1608 René Goupil, French Catholic missionary (Canadian Martyrs) (d. 1642)
  • 1689 Mary Wortley Montagu, English essayist, feminist, eccentric (baptism 26 May)
  • 1720 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
  • 1749 Levi Lincoln, Sr., American revolutionary, statesman, politician, and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1820)
  • 1773 Clemens L Metternich, Austrian prince
  • 1786 General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)
  • 1791 Baron Floris A van Hall, Dutch minister of Justice/Finance
  • 1802 Isaac Ridgeway Trimble, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • 1810 Jacob Thompson, (Confederacy), (d. 1885)
  • 1817 Debendranath Tagore, Indian religious reformer (d. 1905)
  • 1819 Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Russellville, Kentucky (d. 1893)
  • 1830 Laurence Simmons Baker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1830 Martinus W van der Aa, author/Dutch head-editor (The Time)
  • 1845 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), born in Ivanovka, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
  • 1848 Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
  • 1855 Eduard von Keyserling, Baltic German writer (Dritte Stiege)
  • 1856 Lyman Frank Baum, American children's book author (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz), born in Chittenango, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1857 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • 1859 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, born in Paris, France (d. 1906)
  • 1860 Ellen Louise Axson Wilson, 1st wife of US President Woodrow Wilson
  • 1862 Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
  • 1865 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion)
  • 1880 Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)
  • 1888 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • 1889 Bessie Hillman, founder (Almalgamated Clothing Workers of America)
  • 1890 Katherine Anne Porter, American novelist (Ship of Fools)
  • 1891 David Vogel, Russian-born Hebrew writer (Huwelijksleven), born in Satanov, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1891 Fritz Feigl, Austrian Brazilian chemist (spot tests), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1891 Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian playwright and novelist (The Master and Margarita, Black Snow), born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1893 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), born in London (d. 1942)
  • 1895 Charles Lamont, director (Abbott & Costello Go to Mars), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1895 William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (d. 1941)
  • 1899 Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Xavier Herbert, Australian author (d. 1984)
  • 1902 Richard J Daley, American politician (38th Mayor-Chicago-D:1955-76), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1976)
  • 1903 Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Phillip Piratin, communist
  • 1907 Sukhdev Thapar, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
  • 1911 Max Frisch, Swiss architect/writer (Stiller, Biedermann)
  • 1911 Herta Oberheuser, Nazi doctor (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Alexis Kagame, Rwanda, priest/writer
  • 1914 Jack Pepys, immunologist
  • 1915 Paul A Samuelson, economist (1970 Nobel, 1947 John Bates Clark Medal)
  • 1920 Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet
  • 1922 Enrico Berlinguer, Italian communist/Secretary-General (CPI) [or May 25]
  • 1922 Jakucho Setouchi, Japanese writer and Buddhist nun
  • 1922 Selma Engel [Saartje Wijnberg], Dutch born Jew, the first to tell of Nazi Sobibor extermination camp, born in Groningen, the Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • 1923 Richard Avedon, American photographer (1957 ASMP award)
  • 1924 Jaime Garcia Terre, poet/essayist
  • 1924 Maria Koepcke, German ornithologist (d. 1971)
  • 1925 Jos Jacobs, Flemish director (Madonna of Nedermunster)
  • 1925 Mary Lyon, English geneticist (X-chromosome inactivation), born in Norwich, Norfolk (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Anthony Shaffer, Engish playwright (Sleuth), twin brother to Peter, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)

Person of interestPeter Shaffer

1926 Peter Shaffer, English playwright (Equus, Amadeus), twin brother to Anthony, born in Liverpool (d. 2016)

Playwright Peter Shaffer
Peter Shaffer
  • 1929 Frank Evans Heart, American computer engineer (worked on first routing computer for ARPANET, the Internet's predecessor), born in the Bronx, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1930 Jasper Johns, painter/sculptor (Green Target), born in Augusta, Georgia
  • 1931 F Korthals Altes, Dutch minister of Justice (VVD)
  • 1934 David Robin Francis Guy Greville, 8th Duke of Warwick
  • 1936 Donald [Anthony] Moffitt, American sci-fi author (Jupiter Theft)
  • 1936 Paul Zindel, playwright (Effects of Gamma Rays on Marigolds)
  • 1936 Wavy Gravy, American clown and activist
  • 1936 Ralph Steadman, British cartoonist
  • 1937 Madeleine Albright, American politician and diplomat and 1st female U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Brian Hartley, British mathematician (group theory) (d. 1994)
  • 1940 Roger Ailes, American TV executive and CEO of Fox News (1996-2016), born in Warren, Ohio (d. 2017)
  • 1942 Anthony Wayne England, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1942 Doug Lowe, 35th Premier of Tasmania
  • 1944 Bill Alter, Missouri State Senator
  • 1945 Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza, heir to the Portuguese crown
  • 1949 Frank L Culbertson Jr, Cmdr USN/astro (STS-38), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1951 Frank Wilczek, American Physicist (2004 Nobel Prize), born in Mineola, New York
  • 1952 David Brandon, American businessman (Toys "R" Us, Domino's Pizza), born in Dearborn, Michigan
  • 1954 Robert P. Harrison, American thinker
  • 1957 Juan José Ibarretxe, Basque Lehendakari (Prime Minister)
  • 1963 George Heidweiler, Suriname, Dutch painter
  • 1968 Cecilia Malmström, Swedish politician

Person of interestZara Phillips

1981 Zara Phillips, English daughter of Princess Anne, born in London

Daughter of Princess Anne Zara Phillips
Daughter of Princess Anne
Zara Phillips

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1567 Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots

LoveWedding of Interest

1825 Author and scholar Wilhelm Grimm (39) weds Henriette Dorothea

  • 1996 Auto racing champ-turned-TV commentator Danny Sullivan (46) weds former Manhattan financial planner Brenda Bosveld (33) in Monte Carlo, Monaco
  • 2009 Former Bachelorette star Jen Schefft (32) weds Chicago's public relations executive Joe Waterman (35) at the Private Dining Rooms of Spiaggia in Chicago, Illinois

Deaths in History

  • 392 Valentinianus II, emperor of Rome (375-392), murdered at 21
  • 884 Marinus I [Martinus II], Pope (882-84), dies
  • 913 Hatto I, Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1036 Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan, 68th Emperor of Japan (1016-36), dies at 27
  • 1157 Yury Dolgoruky, Russian prince
  • 1174 Nur ad-Din, King of Syria (1146-1174), dies at 56
  • 1381 Eppelein von Gailingen, German robber baron
  • 1482 Paolo Toscanelli, Italian physician & mapmaker, dies
  • 1585 Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1535)
  • 1591 Dmitry Ivanovitch, youngest son of Russian Tsar Ivan IV, murdered at 8
  • 1621 Henrick de Keyser, Amsterdam's master builder, dies at 56
  • 1622 Peter Plancius, Flemish vicar/cartographer, dies at about 69
  • 1634 Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (b. 1585)
  • 1685 Henri Otto, Spanish marquis of Caretto/Savona/Grana, dies
  • 1699 Edward Petre, English Jesuit and privy councilor (b. 1631)
  • 1714 Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar
  • 1740 Ephraim Chambers, English encyclopaedist (b. 1680)
  • 1760 Alaungpaya, King of Burma (b. 1711)
  • 1761 Jacob Mossel, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1750-61), dies at 56
  • 1773 Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer, dies at 62
  • 1782 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, dies at 67
  • 1801 Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1842 Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases, French historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • 1845 Samuel I Wiselius, Dutch lawyer/businessman/writer, dies at 76
  • 1852 Louisa Adams, US First Lady (1825-29), dies at 77
  • 1855 Jan Mazereeuw, Frisian farmer/sect leader, dies at 75
  • 1873 Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Romania, dies at 53
  • 1879 Gottfried Semper, German architect (b. 1803)

Person of interestEmily Dickinson

1886 Emily Dickinson, American poet (Collected Poems), dies of nephritis at 55

  • 1889 Alfred Potocki, premier Austrian/governor/viceroy of Galicia, dies
  • 1892 Arthur Hodister, British ivory seller (Heart of Darkness), murdered
  • 1895 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack), dies at 75
  • 1899 Francisque Sarcey, French writer (Le Temps), dies at 70
  • 1924 Paul Henri Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat and pacifist (Nobel 1909), dies at 71
  • 1926 Mohammed VI Vahideddin, last sultan of Turkey (1918-22), dies
  • 1932 Ki Inukai, premier Japan (1931-32), murdered
  • 1935 Kazimir Malevich, Polish/Ukrainian artist (b. 1878)
  • 1937 Phillip Snowden, British politician first Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, dies at 72
  • 1940 Joseph Limburg, Dutch lawyer and politician, dies at 73
  • 1940 Willem Adriaan Bonger, Dutch criminologist (Race & Crime), suicide at 63
  • 1945 Major Courtney, US medal of honor marine, dies in battle of Sugar Loaf
  • 1945 Charles Williams, British poet and writer, dies at 58
  • 1948 Edward Flanagan, American priest and founder of Boys Town (b. 1886)
  • 1954 William March, American writer (Company K), dies at 60
  • 1956 Austin Osman Spare, English magician (b. 1886)
  • 1958 Michael G the Boer, historian (Harbor of Amsterdam), dies at 91
  • 1964 Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist, dies at 61
  • 1964 Vladko Maček, Kingdom of Yugoslavia deputy prime minister (b. 1879)
  • 1965 Adrian Schoevers, Dutch director (Schoevers Institution), dies
  • 1967 Edward Hopper, American painter (House by Railroad), dies at 84
  • 1971 Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (Duncan Toys Company), dies at 78
  • 1973 Willem Huibert Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Pandji), dies at 95
  • 1974 Guy Simonds, Canadian army, youngest General officer, dies at 71
  • 1976 Samuel Eliot Morison, American historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea), dies at 88
  • 1977 Modibo Keïta, 1st President of Mali (1960-68), dies at 61

Person of interestRobert Menzies

1978 Robert Menzies, 12th Prime Minister of Australia (1939-41, 1949-66) and its longest-serving, dies of a heart attack at 83

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies
  • 1983 James Van Der Zee, African-American photographer, dies at 96
  • 1984 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, dies at 85
  • 1984 Francis Schaeffer, American theologian, philosopher, and pastor (b. 1912)
  • 1986 Theodore H. White, American journalist (Making of President, Pulitzer Prize1962), dies at 71
  • 1987 John Baur, American museum director and author (American Paintings in 19th Century), dies at 78
  • 1991 Andreas Floer, German mathematician (Floer homology), dies at 34
  • 1992 Robert Morris Page, US physicist (radar), dies at 88
  • 1993 Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, Sudanese writer, poet, and diplomat (b. 1933)
  • 1994 [Henry] John Baker, resistance fighter/journalist (Slogan), dies at 79
  • 1996 Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (b. 1910)
  • 1996 Claus Bremer, German dramatist, dies at 71
  • 1998 John Hawkes, American writer (2nd Skin), dies at 72
  • 2003 George Francis, British gangster (b. 1940)
  • 2005 Alan B. Gold, Quebec Chief Justice (b. 1917)
  • 2007 Jerry Falwell, American TV evangelist, founder of Liberty University, dies at 73
  • 2008 Willis Lamb, American physicist (Nobel 1955), dies at 94
  • 2010 Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar, dies at 81
  • 2012 Carlos Fuentes, Mexican author (The Death of Artemio Cruz), dies from a haemorrhage at 83
  • 2012 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), dies at 92
  • 2014 Jean-Luc Dehaene, Belgian Prime Minister (1992-99), dies from a fall at 73
  • 2017 Ian Brady [Ian Duncan Stewart], British serial killer (Moors Murders), dies in prison at 79