On This Day

On This Day in History for May 17

Events in History

  • 218 7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 352 Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I
  • 884 St Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1521 Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason
  • 1525 Battle at Zabern: duke of Lutherans beats rebels
  • 1527 Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men - by 1536 only 4 survive

ExecutionExecution of Anne Boleyn

1536 Anne Boleyn's 4 "lovers" executed shortly before her own beheading

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Anne Boleyn is beheaded after a four day show trial
Anne Boleyn is beheaded after a four day show trial
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AgreementTreaty of Interest

1544 Scot Earl Matthew Lennox signs secret treaty with Henry VIII

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1579 Artois, Henegouwen and French-Flanders sign Treaty, the Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish Duke van Parma as land guardian
  • 1590 Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.
  • 1620 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair in Philippapolis, Turkey
  • 1630 Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface
  • 1631 Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg
  • 1648 Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
  • 1672 Frontenac becomes Governor of New France (Canada)
  • 1673 Louis Jolliet & Jacques Marquette begin exploring Mississippi

  • 1712 Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of Netherlands"
  • 1733 Great Britain passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum and molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1742 Battle of Chotusitz: Prussia led by Frederick the Great defeats Austria

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • 1744 French army takes Austrian Netherlands
  • 1750 -18] Tax revolt in Gorinchem
  • 1756 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War)
  • 1775 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada
  • 1787 English slave ship Sisters, en route from Africa to Cuba, capsizes killing hundreds
  • 1792 24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street
  • 1794 Hard frost in southern New England
  • 1803 John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
  • 1809 Papal States annexed by France
  • 1814 Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
  • 1814 Norwegian constitution passed by constituent assembly at Eidsvoll
  • 1814 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1824 The diaries of Lord Byron are burnt by six of the poet's friends at the office of John Murray in London, sometimes described as “the greatest crime in literary history”

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1848 Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
  • 1849 Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1853 Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • 1859 Australian Rules Football first 'laws of the game' published

CameraFamous Photo

1861 First color photograph of a tartan ribbon shown by Scottish scientist James Clerk Maxwell to the Royal Institution in London

  • 1862 Battle of Princeton West Virginia, ends with about 128 causalities
  • 1863 Battle of Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • 1863 Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language
  • 1864 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
  • 1865 The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Native American fighter General William T. Sherman escapes from the Comanches in an ambulance

  • 1872 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 7th US Cavalry under General George Armstrong Custer leaves Fort Lincoln

  • 1877 Edwin T Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for Washington, D.C.

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1881 Revised version of New Testament
  • 1883 Buffalo Bill's 1st Wild West show opens in Omaha, Nebraska.
  • 1884 Alaska becomes a US territory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Clyde Fitch's "Beau Brummel" premieres in NYC

Playwright Clyde Fitch
Clyde Fitch
  • 1890 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 The first successful submarine that can run submerged for any considerable distance and combines electric and gasoline engines is launched in the USA by its designer John Philip Holland

  • 1898 Camp Merritt forms in Presidio [see 0503]
  • 1899 Victoria & Albert Museum foundation laid, London, England
  • 1900 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • 1900 In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed
  • 1900 "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is first published by L. Frank Baum with illustrations by William Wallace Denslow in Chicago
  • 1902 Greek archaeologist Valerios Stais discovers the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient mechanical analog computer
  • 1906 Switzerland's Simplon Tunnel open to rail traffic
  • 1909 White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • 1910 Canada sets the designs for the 1-50 cent coins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Last liberal British government of H. H. Asquith falls

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1915 National Baptist Convention chartered
  • 1916 British Summer Time (Daylight Savings) introduced
  • 1919 UK War Department orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes
  • 1920 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • 1920 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • 1921 Belgian and Luxembourg sign customs union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 US President Warren G. Harding opens (via telephone) 1st Valencia Orange Show

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1923 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School, South Carolina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Chiang Kai-shek is made supreme warlord in Canton

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Wilhelm Marx succeeds Hans Luther as Chancellor of Germany
  • 1927 U.S. Army aviation pioneer Major Harold Geiger dies in the crash of his Airco DH.4 de Havilland plane at Olmstead Field, Pennsylvania
  • 1932 US Congress changes name "Porto Rico" to "Puerto Rico"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling, the national-socialist party of Norway

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling
  • 1937 Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • 1938 US Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy
  • 1940 Germany occupies Brussels, Belgium and begins invasion of France
  • 1940 Nazis bombs Middelburg/B IJzerdrat begins illegal defiance
  • 1941 Pennsylvania declares legal holiday to honor A's manager Connie Mack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • 1943 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Millionaire Howard Hughes crashes into Lake Mead, while test flying his Sikorsky S-43, killing CAA inspector Ceco Cline and Richard Felt

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1944 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • 1944 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • 1944 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • 1945 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
  • 1946 KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1946 US President Harry Truman seizes control of nation's railroads to delay a strike
  • 1948 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • 1948 Soviet Union recognizes Israel
  • 1949 British government recognises Republic of Ireland (previously Irish Free State)
  • 1954 US Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown v Topeka Board of Education reverses 1896 "separate but equal" Plessy v Ferguson decision
  • 1955 Dutch government of Drees resigns
  • 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage, biggest civil rights demonstration to date (DC)
  • 1957 School desegregation law, Brown v Board of education
  • 1958 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Algeria

Birthdays in History

  • 1155 Jien, Japanese poet and historian, born in Kyoto (d. 1225)
  • 1443 Edmund, Earl of Rutland, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England, born in Rouen, Normandy (d. 1460)
  • 1451 Engelbert II, Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz and viceroy of Luxembourg, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1504)

Person of interestAlbert of Prussia

1490 Albert of Prussia, 1st Duke of Prussia, born in Ansbach (d. 1568)

Duke of Prussia Albert of Prussia
Duke of Prussia
Albert of Prussia
  • 1551 Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist, born in Antwerp (d. 1608)
  • 1576 Ferdinand van Apshoven the Older, Flemish painter, baptized in Antwerp
  • 1628 Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria and Regent of the Tyrol, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1662)
  • 1682 Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (raided ships off the Americas and West Africa between 1719-1722), born in Puncheston, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1722)
  • 1706 Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian, born in Munich (d. 1780)
  • 1718 Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat and politician (d. 1778)
  • 1741 John Penn, American attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Port Royal, Caroline County, Virginia (d. 1788)
  • 1743 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader, born in Roxbury, Connecticut (d. 1784)

Person of interestEdward Jenner

1749 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of (western) immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, born in Berkeley (d. 1823)

Physician and Scientist Edward Jenner
Physician and Scientist
Edward Jenner
  • 1758 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector, born in Golden Square, London (d. 1839)
  • 1768 Caroline of Brunswick, Queen Consort of King George IV (1820-21), born in Brunswick, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1821)
  • 1768 Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general, born in London (d. 1854)
  • 1794 Anna Brownell Jameson, Anglo-Irish historian and writer (Loves of the Poets), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1860)
  • 1796 Martinus Niewindt, Dutch Bishop of Curacao (advocate for fair treatment and abolition of slavery), born in Amsterdam (d. 1860)
  • 1803 Robert Smith Surtees, British novelist (Jorrocks’s Jaunts and Jollities), born in The Riding, England (d. 1864)
  • 1804 Ottho Gerhard Heldring, Dutch preacher and reformer (Heldring Institutions), born in Zevenaar, Netherlands (d. 1876)
  • 1812 Joseph Warren Revere, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Sebastian Kneipp, Bavarian priest and naturopathist (known for "Kneipp Cure" form of hydrotherapy), born in Stephansried, Germany (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Virginie Loveling, Flemish writer (Sophie) and poet, born in Nevele, East Flanders, Belgium (d. 1923)
  • 1836 Sir Norman Lockyer, English physicist, co-founder of helium gas, founder and editor of "Nature" magazine, born in Rugby, Warwickshire (d. 1920)
  • 1844 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch), born in Hamelin, Hanover, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1846 Edmund Bishop, English Roman Catholic historian and Secretary of Thomas Carlyle, born in Totnes, England (d. 1917)
  • 1867 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician and philosopher, born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1868 Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturing pioneer (co-founder of Dodge Brothers Company), born in Niles, Michigan (d. 1920)
  • 1871 Henk Bremmer, Dutch art historian (Modern Kunstwerken), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1873 Dorothy M. Richardson, English novelist (Pilgrimage), born in Abington, Berkshire (d. 1957)
  • 1873 Henri Barbusse, French novelist (Le Feu), born in Asnieres, France (d. 1935)
  • 1886 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1931), born in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1941)
  • 1889 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican writer (Simpatías y diferencias) and diplomat (Higenia Cruel), born in Monterrey, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • 1891 Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife, granddaughter of King Edward VII and great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in East Sheen Lodge, Richmond, England (d. 1959)
  • 1893 Frederick McKinley Jones, American inventor (developments in refrigeration), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • 1896 Hannah Tillich, German-American writer (Harbor Mouse) and wife of Paul Tillich, born in Rotenburg an der Fulda, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1897 Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist (Nobel 1969 - the study of the three-dimensional geometric structure of molecules), born in Kristiana, Norway (d. 1981)
  • 1898 A. J. Casson, Canadian painter (member of Group of Seven), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1992)
  • 1903 Douglas Packard, British Lieutenant General (d. 2000)
  • 1906 Eric Mensforth, British pioneer in the development of the helicopter in Britain, born in Stretford, Manchester (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Charles Cawley, British chief scientist and Minister of Power (1959-67) (d. 2000)
  • 1909 Edward Playfair, British senior civil servant, born in London (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Knut Anders Haukfield, SOE Operative
  • 1912 Archibald Cox, American lawyer and special prosecutor (Watergate), born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Alec Ogilvie, CEO (Powell Duffryn)
  • 1913 Desmond Barel Hirshfield, Lord Hirshfield, British chartered accountant, born in Birmingham (d. 1993)
  • 1915 Joseph D Craggs, electrical engineer
  • 1916 Cornelis A Eman, Aruban politician
  • 1916 John Hinde, photographer/circus promoter
  • 1919 Merle Miller, American biographer (d. 1986)
  • 1920 Harriet Van Horne, columnist/panelist (Leave it to Girls), born in Syracuse, New York
  • 1921 John Garlick, British senior civil servant
  • 1923 Michael Beetham, Marshal (RAF)
  • 1923 Miles Wingate, deputy master (Trinity House)
  • 1924 Lord Tombs, CEO (Rolls Royce)
  • 1924 Thomas Baird, British vice-admiral
  • 1926 Cicely Berry, British theatre director (Royal Shakespeare Company)
  • 1926 David Young, Lt-Gen/CEO (Cairn Tech)
  • 1926 David Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, Lord Chamberlain to Queen Elizabeth, born in London
  • 1926 Geoffrey Caston, vice chancellor (U of South Pacific)
  • 1927 Ronald Halstead, deputy CEO (British Steel)
  • 1928 Donald Cameron Watt, historian
  • 1928 Ian Griggs, bishop (Ludlow)
  • 1928 Vivian Moses, biotechnologist
  • 1929 Raymond Hide, geophysicist
  • 1929 George Weinberg, American psychotherapist (coined "homophobia"), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (Heaven's Gate), born in Spur, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1932 Arthur Jones, principal (Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester)
  • 1932 Colin Hope, British industrialist (Turner and Newall), born in Birkenhead (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Rodric Braithwaite, British ambassador to USSR
  • 1935 Dennis Potter, British TV dramatist (The Singing Detective, Karaoke, Midnight Movie), born in Gloucestershire, England (d. 1994)
  • 1935 Ivan Slone, world-famous watchmaker
  • 1936 Lars Gustafsson, writer
  • 1937 Hazel R. O'Leary, United States Secretary of Energy
  • 1938 Trinus Riemersma, Dutch-Frisian writer (Conquest of Leeuwarden)
  • 1939 Wim de Bie, CEO (Simplistic Covenant)
  • 1939 Gary Paulsen, American author of young adult literature, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Person of interestAlan Kay

1940 Alan Kay, American computer scientist (GUI design and object-oriented programming), born in Springfield, Massachusetts

Computer Scientist Alan Kay
Computer Scientist
Alan Kay
  • 1941 Ben Nelson. American politician
  • 1942 Caroline Charles, fashion designer
  • 1944 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • 1945 D A S Pennefather, Maj-General/Commandant (General Royal Marines)
  • 1945 George Miller, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1975-2015), born in Richmond, California
  • 1946 F. Paul Wilson, American novelist
  • 1949 Timothy Cordy, British director (Town/Country Planning Association)
  • 1950 Alan Johnson, British politician (Home Secretary 2009-10), born in London
  • 1950 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian politician
  • 1951 I R Evans, CEO (Hyder, Welsh Water)
  • 1951 Simon Hughes, British politician and government minister (SD)
  • 1952 Howard Hampton, Canadian politician
  • 1953 Nicholas Bacon, premier baronet of England
  • 1954 John Iles, dolby supervisor (Elephant Man, Richard III)
  • 1956 Dave Sim, Canadian cartoonist
  • 1962 Lise Lyng Falkenberg, Danish writer
  • 1965 Richard Baumhammers, American spree killer
  • 1971 Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti, Queen of the Netherlands (2013-present), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1971 Gina Raimondo, American politician, 1st woman Governor of Rhode Island (2015-), born in Smithfield, Rhode Island
  • 1975 Cheick Kongo, French martial artist
  • 1975 Jonti Picking, British cartoonist
  • 1980 Davor Džalto, Serbian art historian

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1763 Philosopher Marquis de Sade (22) weds Renee Pelagie de Montreuil in Paris

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade

LoveWedding of Interest

1827 US President Andrew Johnson (18) weds Eliza McCardle (16) in Warrenton, Tennessee

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 2001 Fourth line of succession to the Dutch throne Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands (31) weds Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands (35) in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 2008 Eldest grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II, Peter Phillips (30) weds management consultant Autumn Kelly (30) at St. George’s chapel in Windsor Castle

Deaths in History

  • 1189 Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Japanese general (b. 1159)
  • 1336 Emperor Go-Fushimi, 93rd Emperor of Japan (1298-1301), dies at 48
  • 1365 Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 37
  • 1395 Constantine Dragas, Serbian ruler of a semi-independent realm
  • 1464 Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, English politician, executed at 36
  • 1510 Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), dies at about 65
  • 1521 Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, English politician (b. 1478)
  • 1536 George Boleyn, 2nd Viscount Rochford, English brother of Anna Boleyn, beheaded after being tried and convicted for high treason and incest at 32
  • 1575 Matthew "Nosey" Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury (1559-75), dies at 68
  • 1591 Jost Amman, Swiss cartoonist, graphic artist and illustrator, dies at 51
  • 1606 Forges Dimitri #1, Tsar of Russia (1605-06), murdered
  • 1695 Cornelis de Heem, Dutch painter, dies
  • 1727 Catherine I, Empress of Russia (1725-27), dies at 43
  • 1729 Samuel Clarke, English philosopher and theologian, dies at 53
  • 1737 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian, dies at 75
  • 1740 Jean Cavalier, French Huguenot chief of the Camisards, dies at 58
  • 1765 Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (Clairaut's theorem), dies at 52
  • 1797 Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (Le Philosophe sans le savoir), dies at 77
  • 1801 William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • 1807 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)
  • 1809 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (invented percussion as a diagnostic technique), dies at 86
  • 1822 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), dies at 55

Person of interestJohn Jay

1829 John Jay, US statesman and 1st US Chief Justice, dies at 83

1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay

Person of interestTalleyrand

1838 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French statesman, dies at 84

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
  • 1838 René Caillé, French explorer and the first European to return alive from the town of Timbuktu, dies at 38
  • 1839 Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)
  • 1851 Adriaan van Bevervoorde, Dutch journalist (Treason), dies at 31
  • 1868 Isami Kondo, Shinsengumi Commander (b. 1834)
  • 1875 John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States (b. 1821)
  • 1879 Asa Packer, railroad magnate and founder of Lehigh Valley Railroad (b. 1805)
  • 1883 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies

Person of interestJohn Deere

1886 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company) dies at 82

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • 1888 Giacomo Zanella, Italian poet (b. 1820)
  • 1889 William Roxby Beverly, artist, dies
  • 1889 Marie of Prussia, Queen consort of Bavaria (1848-64), dies at 63
  • 1892 Gyorgy Klapka, Hungarian general/parliament leader, dies at 72
  • 1914 Peter Leyten, Bishop of Breda (1885-1914), dies at 79
  • 1916 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)

Person of interestCharles Brooke

1917 Charles Brooke, 2nd White Rajah of Sarawak (1868-1917), dies at 87

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke
  • 1917 Belva Ann Lockwood, American attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court), dies at 86
  • 1919 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), dies at 70
  • 1919 José Santos Zelaya, President of Nicaragua (1893-1910), dies at 65
  • 1927 Harold Geiger, U.S. Army aviation pioneer (b. 1884)
  • 1930 Herbert David Croly, US founder (New Republic), dies at 61
  • 1931 Johan [Eliza J] de Master, art critic/writer, dies
  • 1931 Timothy Cole, American wood engraver, dies at about 71
  • 1936 Panagis Tsaldaris, twice Greek prime minister (b. 1868)
  • 1938 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and Zionist, dies at 60
  • 1944 Félix Éboué, French colonial administrator, dies at 60
  • 1945 Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies
  • 1945 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • 1947 George William Forbes, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1869)
  • 1961 Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp, dies at 81
  • 1963 John Wilce, physician and former head football coach at the Ohio State University (b. 1888)
  • 1964 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), dies at 82
  • 1969 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal, dies at 80
  • 1970 Nigel Balchin, English author (My Executioner), dies at 61
  • 1973 Alexander J. Kropholler, Dutch architect and writer, dies at 91
  • 1974 Ernest Nash, German-American photographer and archaeologist, dies at 75
  • 1978 John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn Lloyd, speaker of house of commons, dies
  • 1978 Selwyn Lloyd, British statesman involved in Suez crisis, dies at 73
  • 1981 Jeannette Ridlon Piccard, 1st US woman free balloon pilot, dies
  • 1985 Bobby Ewing, (Patrick Duffy) killed off on Dallas
  • 1987 Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish economist and economist (Nobel 1974), dies at 88
  • 1989 Dan Alderson, American scientist (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) and sci-fi fandom figure, dies of diabetes at 47
  • 1994 Willian Noel Moffet, architect, dies at 82
  • 1995 Paul D. Stoop, American vice-admiral (WW II-Coral Sea), dies at 90
  • 2000 Donald Coggan, 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (1974-80), dies at 90
  • 2001 Frank G. Slaughter, American novelist and physician (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Dave Berg, American cartoonist (The Lighter Side of...), dies at 81

Person of interestJames Chichester-Clark

2002 James Chichester-Clark, Irish politician, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1969-71), dies at 79

Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
James Chichester-Clark
  • 2003 Frank "Pop" Ivy, American and Canadian football coach (b. 1916)
  • 2004 Jørgen Nash, Danish artist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Ezzedine Salim, leader of Iraqi Governing Council (b. 1943)
  • 2006 Cy Feuer, American playwright (b. 1911)
  • 2006 Eric Forth, British Member of Parliament (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Captain Nichola Goddard, Canadian soldier (b. 1980)
  • 2007 Lloyd Alexander, author (b. 1924)
  • 2009 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist, and poet, dies from respiratory and intestinal problems at 88
  • 2010 Walasse Ting, Chinese-American painter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinean dictator, dies from complications from a fall at 87
  • 2014 Gerald Edelman, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies from natural causes at 84
  • 2019 Herman Wouk, American novelist (The Caine Mutiny, The Winds of War), dies at 103