On This Day

On This Day in History for May 21

Events in History

  • 143 Earliest known date in Amer-pre Mayan king Harvest-Bergvorst installed
  • 685 Battle of Nechtansmere/Dun Nechtain: Picts beat Northumbrians
  • 878 Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
  • 879 Pope John VIII gives blessings to duke Branimir and to Croatian people, considered to be international recognition of Croatian state.
  • 996 Pope Gregory V crowns his cousin Otto III as Holy Roman Emperor in St Peter's Basilica in Rome
  • 1040 King Henry III gives Utrecht the Groninger currency

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1216 French crown prince Louis enters England, having been invited by barons at war with King John.

King of England King John
King of England
King John

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1260 Hao Jing, envoy of Mongol leader Kublai Khan imprisoned by order of the high Chancellor of China, Jia Sidao at the Song Dynasty court of Emperor Lizong while attempting to negotiate with the Song

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1281 Kublai Khan's second invasion of Japan begins with an attack on Tsushima Island but meets fierce resistance; his troops are forced to withdraw
  • 1420 Treaty of Troyes: Henry V of England and his heirs would inherit the throne of France upon the death of King Charles VI of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1471 King Edward IV enters London

King of England Edward IV
King of England
Edward IV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1499 Francisco De Bobadilla appointed Governor of the Indies, succeeding Christopher Columbus

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1502 Portuguese admiral Da Nova discovers St Helena
  • 1602 Martha's Vineyard 1st sighted (Captain Bartholomew Gosnold)
  • 1674 General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland
  • 1683 West Indian Company sells 1/3 of Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1725 The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by the empress Catherine I. It would later be discontinued and then reinstated by the Soviet government in 1942 as the Order of Alexander Nevsky.

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • 1758 Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War.
  • 1792 Mount Unzen on Japan's Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan's deadliest volcanic eruption
  • 1793 Curacao Island Council forbids criticism of House of Orange

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian archduke Charles beats Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1832 1st Democratic National Convention (Baltimore)
  • 1840 Captain William Hobson proclaims British sovereignty over New Zealand; the North Island by treaty and the South Island by 'discovery'
  • 1846 1st steamship arrives in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 Frederic Mistral, Joseph Roumanille, and five other Provencal poets found Félibrige, a literary and cultural association

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • 1856 Lawrence, Kansas, is captured and sacked by pro-slavery forces
  • 1861 Richmond, Va, is designated Confederate Capital
  • 1863 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins
  • 1864 General David Hunter takes command of Department of West Virginia
  • 1864 Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.
  • 1866 1st-class debut of G. F. Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • 1871 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
  • 1879 Battle of Iquique: Chilean naval forces overcome Peruvian ships (War of the Pacific)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton

Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian Clara Barton
Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian
Clara Barton
  • 1894 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine. His last words were reputed to be "Courage, camarades! Vive l'anarchie!"
  • 1897 Yerkes Observatory 40" (1m) refractor used for 1st time

  • 1898 US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington, authorized
  • 1904 France recalls its ambassador to the Vatican to protest the Pope's attempt to discipline two French bishops; this is yet another incident driving France and the Catholic Church apart
  • 1906 Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars
  • 1906 The US and Mexico sign an agreement over distribution of the waters of the Rio Grande, increasingly diverted to the US for irrigation
  • 1908 Bill Burns pitching for Washington Senators has no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • 1911 French troop enter Fez in Morocco to quell anti-European agitation
  • 1914 Greyhound Bus Co begins in Minnesota
  • 1916 Britain begins "Summer Time" (daylight saving time)
  • 1917 Leo Pinckney, 1st American drafted during WW I
  • 1917 The Great Fire of Atlanta: at least 10,000 people were displaced, but there was only one fatality
  • 1918 US House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
  • 1920 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza is executed by army generals after fleeing an armed rebellion in Mexico
  • 1921 Oldest radio station west of Mississippi River licensed in Greeley Co

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill for his play "Anna Christie"

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1924 Nathan Leopold & Richard Loeb kidnap and kill Bobby Franks to demonstrate their supposed intellectual superiority by committing a "perfect crime"
  • 1925 George Lloyd, Baron Lloyd of Dolobran, becomes British High Commissioner in Egypt
  • 1925 Roald Amundsun leaves Spitsbergen with 2 seaplanes to North Pole

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Aviator Charles Lindbergh, in the Spirit of St Louis, lands in Paris after the first solo air crossing of Atlantic

  • 1929 Automatic electric stock quotation board installed, NYC
  • 1929 Sergei Prokoviev's ballet "Prodigal Son" premieres in Paris
  • 1930 Max Bishop draws 8 walks in a doubleheader
  • 1931 Belgian government of Jaspar falls

PlaneAmelia Earhart Flies Across the Atlantic

1932 After flying for 17 hours from Newfoundland, Amelia Earhart lands near Londonderry, Northern Ireland, becoming the 1st transatlantic solo flight by a woman

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Amelia Earhart not long after she landed in Ireland in 1932, becoming the first woman to fly non-stop solo across the Atlantic
Amelia Earhart not long after she landed in Ireland in 1932, becoming the first woman to fly non-stop solo across the Atlantic
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Mount Davidson Cross, San Francisco, lit by FDR via telegraph

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes first US city to fingerprint its citizens
  • 1936 Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
  • 1940 AVRO-chairman Willem Vogt fires all Jewish employees
  • 1940 Allied counter attack at Atrecht, northern France
  • 1940 Reynaud forms French government
  • 1941 SS Robin Moor becomes the first US ship sunk by a U-boat during World War II
  • 1941 German airforce occupies airport at Maleme, Crete
  • 1942 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Nazi SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler captured

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1946 Physicist Louis Slotin is exposed to a lethal dose of radiation while preparing a plutonium core experiment at the Los Alamos lab, he dies 9 days later and the accident ends all hands-on nuclear assembly work at Los Alamos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Vietnamese troops of Ho Chi-Minh attack Cambodia

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1951 The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition - a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.
  • 1952 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Amsterdam-Rhine Canal
  • 1953 French government of Mayer resigns
  • 1954 Amendment to give 18-year-olds right to vote is defeated
  • 1955 1st transcontinental round-trip solo flight-sunrise to sunset
  • 1956 Jordan government of Said el-Mufti forms
  • 1956 US explodes 1st airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll
  • 1957 French government of Mollet resigns
  • 1958 Indonesian paratroopers reconquers Morotai Island
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Bikini Island (atmospheric tests)
  • 1959 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Children's Petting Farm opens (Cleveland, Ohio)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Leontyne Price becomes the first African American to sing the lead at Teatro alla Scala in Milan in "Aida"

Opera Soprano Leontyne Price
Opera Soprano
Leontyne Price
  • 1961 Governor Patterson declares martial law in Montgomery
  • 1962 3 more Cleveland HR set AL record for most HR (26) over 8 games
  • 1964 1st nuclear-powered lighthouse begins operations (Chesapeake Bay)
  • 1964 Fire in Belgian resort kills 19
  • 1964 US begin intelligence flights above Laos
  • 1966 A "loyalist" group calling itself the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) issued a statement declaring war on the Irish Republican Army (IRA)
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
  • 1968 Nuclear-powered sub USS Scorpion, with 99 men, reported missing & is later found at the bottom of the ocean off Azores

MurderMurder of Interest

1969 Robert F. Kennedy's murderer Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death, later commuted to life imprisonment

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1969 Civil unrest in Rosario, Argentina, aka Rosariazo, following the death of a 15-year-old student.
  • 1970 National Guard mobilizes to quell disturbances at Ohio State University
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1971 National Guard mobilizes to quell riot in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Historic CommunicationWhite Night Riots

1971 White Night riots occur in San Francisco after Dan White is given a lenient sentence for assassinating Mayor George Moscone and the openly gay elected official Harvey Milk

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Rioters outside San Francisco City Hall on the night of May 21, 1979
Rioters outside San Francisco City Hall on the night of May 21, 1979
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  • 1972 "Heathen!" opens & closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC for 1 performance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Michelangelo's Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter

Birthdays in History

Person of interestAurelia Cotta

120 BC Aurelia Cotta, Mother of Julius Caesar, born in Rome (d. 54 BC)

Mother of Julius Caesar Aurelia Cotta
Mother of Julius Caesar
Aurelia Cotta
  • 1471 Albrecht Durer, Nornberg Germany, Renaissance painter/print maker
  • 1527 Philip II, King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98), born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1598)
  • 1653 Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1697)

Person of interestAlexander Pope

1688 Alexander Pope, English poet (Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer) (d. 1744), born in London, England

  • 1755 Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)
  • 1763 Joseph Fouché, French statesman (d. 1820)
  • 1775 Lucien Bonaparte, prince of Canino/Musignano

Person of interestElizabeth Fry

1780 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, born in Norwich, England (d. 1845)

English Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry
English Social Reformer
Elizabeth Fry
  • 1792 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (d. 1843)
  • 1796 Reverdy Johnson, American politician and jurist (Dred Scott v. Sandford), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1876)
  • 1799 Mary Anning, Lyme Regis, Dorset, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset)
  • 1821 John F Loudon, Dutch entrepreneur/colonial director
  • 1822 Dabney Herndon Maury, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • 1822 Mosby Monroe Parsons, United States officer in the Mexican–American War and brigadier general of the Confederate States Army, born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1865)
  • 1825 George Lafayette Beal, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norway, Maine (d. 1896)
  • 1826 Danillo II, ruler of Montenegro
  • 1827 Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer and senator, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1907)
  • 1827 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
  • 1832 Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (d. 1917)
  • 1835 Newton Martin Curtis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in De Peyster, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1835 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
  • 1843 Charles-Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, born in Tramelan, Switzerland (d. 1914)
  • 1843 Louis Renault, French lawyer, born in Autun, France (d. 1918)
  • 1844 Henri Rousseau, French post-impressionist painter (The Dream, The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope), born in Laval, France (d. 1910)
  • 1850 Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)
  • 1851 Leon Bourgeois, French politician, internationalist (Nobel 1920)
  • 1851 Léon-Victor-Auguste Bourgeois, French Prime Minister (1895-96, Nobel 1920), born in Paris (d. 1925)
  • 1853 Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (d. 1905)
  • 1855 Emile A G Verhaeren, Belgian poet/writer (Les Flammes Hautes)
  • 1858 José Batlle y Ordóñez, President of Uruguay (1899, 1903-7, 1911-15), born in Montevideo, Urguay (d. 1929)
  • 1860 Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist and inventor of the electrocardiodiogram (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1924), born in Semarang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1927)
  • 1864 Princess Stephanie of Belgium (d. 1945)
  • 1872 Henry Warren, inventor (Telechon electric clock), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1873 Emil Ermatinger, Swiss literature historian, born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Everard Verachtert, Flemish translator (I speak beschaafd Dutch)
  • 1873 Hans Berger, German neuroscientist, psychiatrist, and inventor of electroencephalography (EEG), born in in Neuses, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1878 Glenn Hammond Curtiss, American inventor (hydroplane)
  • 1878 Louis de Visser, Dutch politician (CPN)
  • 1880 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • 1884 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, wife of Prince William of Wied (d. 1936)
  • 1892 John Peale Bishop, American poet (This Side of Paradise), born in Charles Town, West Virginia (d. 1944)
  • 1898 Armand Hammer, American millionaire industrialist (Occidental Petroleum), born in NYC, New York
  • 1901 Suzanne Lilar [Verbist], France/Belgian writer (Le burlador)
  • 1902 Marcel Lajos Breuer, Hungarian-born architect (d. 1981)
  • 1903 Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier (1953..7)
  • 1903 Manly Wade Wellman, Angola, sci-fi author (After Dark, Devil's Planet)
  • 1903 Pedro Aramburu, president Argentina
  • 1909 Guy de Rothschild, French banker
  • 1909 François-Albert Angers, Quebec economist (d. 2003)
  • 1912 John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (d. 1986)

Person of interestHarold Robbins

1916 Harold Robbins, American author (Moneychangers, Carpetbaggers, Betsy), born in NYC, New York

  • 1916 Joseph Janni, producer
  • 1916 Leonard Manasseh, British architect (Rutherford School), born in Singapore (d. 2017)
  • 1917 Ronald John Bilsland Colville, businessman
  • 1918 Leonard Mullens, rubber physicist
  • 1919 Lord Maxwell, senator/prof (college of Justice Scotland)
  • 1919 Mark Wood, bishop (Ludlow)

Person of interestAndrei Sakharov

1921 Andrei Sakharov, Russian nuclear physicist and an activist for disarmament, peace and human rights (1975 Nobel), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1989)

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1923 Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • 1926 Robert Creeley, Mass, poet/novelist (Island)
  • 1927 George Levy, antique dealer/heritage campaigner
  • 1929 Robert Welch, English designer, silversmith (Robert Welch flatware), born in Hereford, England (d. 2000)
  • 1930 David Smith, principal/vice chancellor (Edinburgh University)

Person of interestMalcolm Fraser

1930 Malcolm Fraser, Prime Minister of Australia (Liberal, 1975-83), born in Toorak, Victoria

Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • 1930 Stanley Wells, English scholar of Shakespeare (Shakespeare Institute U of Birmingham), born in Hull, England
  • 1931 George Vassiliou, president of Cyprus (1988-93)
  • 1932 Gabriele Wohmann, German writer, born in Darmstadt (d. 2015)
  • 1932 John Armitage, principal (College of St Hilda & St Bede Durham)
  • 1934 Phillip King, British sculptor
  • 1934 Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1936 Ama Samy, Burma, Jesuit priest/Zen teacher/disciple of Yamada Koun
  • 1936 Dipak Nandy, founder (Runnymead Trust)
  • 1936 Abdul Taib Mahmud, 4th Chief Minister of Sarawak (1981-2014) and 7th Governor of Sarawak (2014-), born in Miri, Kingdom of Sarawak
  • 1938 Urs Widmer, Swiss writer, born in Basel (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Anatoli Semyonovich Levchenko, USSR, cosmonaut (TM-4)
  • 1942 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • 1942 Robert C Springer, Col USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1944 Janet Dailey, American author
  • 1944 Manual Pina, fashion designer
  • 1944 Mary Robinson, President of Republic of Ireland (Labour, 1990- )
  • 1945 Ernst Willi Messerschmid, Reutlingen Germany, astronaut (STS 22)
  • 1947 Jiggs Kalra, Indian food writer "Czar of Indian cuisine", born in Punjab region, India (d. 2019)
  • 1949 Andrew Neil, Scottish newspaper editor, (Sunday Times), born in Paisley, Scotland
  • 1957 Nadine Dorries, British politician
  • 1958 Jefery Levy, American television director
  • 1959 Brisn Lenihan, Jnr, Irish politician and minister, born in Dublin (d. 2011)

Person of interestJeffrey Dahmer

1960 Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (Milwaukee Cannibal), born in West Allis, Wisconsin (d. 1994)

Serial Killer Jeffrey Dahmer
Serial Killer
Jeffrey Dahmer
  • 1963 Richard Appel, American writer
  • 1968 Matthias Ungemach, German rower
  • 1974 Fairuza Balk (The Craft, Gas Food Lodging)
  • 1979 James Clancy Phelan, Australian novelist
  • 1979 Jamie Hepburn, Member of the Scottish Parliament
  • 1984 Brandon Fields, National Football League punter
  • 1985 Frustaci Septuplets, California, Patricia Frustaci gives birth to 7
  • 1991 Kayla Itsines, Australian fitness entrepreneur (Bikini Body Guides), born in Adelaide, Australia

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1553 Lady Jane Grey (15), later English queen for 9 days, marries Lord Guildford Dudley (18)

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey
  • 1825 Prince Willem FK marries Louise AWA of Prussia
  • 1994 Burger King spokesman Dan Cortese (26) weds Dee Dee Hemby (26)

LoveWedding of Interest

1994 ABC Sports President Roone Arledge (62) weds third wife Gigi Shaw

Sports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports Roone Arledge
Sports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports
Roone Arledge
  • 2009 Prince Hubertus Michael von Sachsen-Coburg (33) weds investment banker Kelly Jeanne Rondestvedt on a civil ceremony in Coburg, Germany

Deaths in History

  • 987 Louis V, last Carlovingians King of France (966-987), dies
  • 1254 Conrad IV, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily, dies at 26
  • 1471 King Henry VI of England (1422-1471) is executed in the Tower of London at 49
  • 1481 Christian I, king of Denmark/Norway/Sweden, dies
  • 1512 Pandolfo Petrucci, Italian ruler of the Republic of Siena (1500-12) during the Renaissance, dies at 60
  • 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd duke of Norfolk, general/premier, dies at about 80

Person of interestHernando de Soto

1542 Hernando de Soto, Spanish conquistador and 1st European to discover the Mississippi River, dies while searching for gold, near the Mississippi River at about 46

Spanish Explorer and Conquistador Hernando de Soto
Spanish Explorer and Conquistador
Hernando de Soto
  • 1607 John Rainolds, English scholar (b. 1549)
  • 1639 Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher and poet, dies at 70
  • 1647 Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, poet/playwright (Warenar), dies at about 65
  • 1650 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general, hanged at 37
  • 1664 Elizabeth Poole, Puritan businesswoman
  • 1670 Niccolò Zucchi, Italian astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1686 Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician, dies at 83
  • 1690 John Eliot, English missionary in Massachusetts, dies at 85
  • 1703 Roemer Vlacq, Dutch admiral, dies in battle
  • 1719 Pierre Poiret, French mystic, dies at 73
  • 1725 Robert Haley, 1st Earl of Oxford and English premier (Whig, 1710-14), dies at 63
  • 1742 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
  • 1771 Christopher Smart, English poet & journalist (Ceremony of Carols), dies at 49
  • 1786 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish pharmacist and chemist (lemon acid), dies of mercury poisoning at 43
  • 1790 Thomas Warton, English critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), dies at 62
  • 1806 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, dies at 21
  • 1810 Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont, French spy, dies at 81
  • 1810 Chevalier d'Éon, French diplomat & spy, dies at 81
  • 1865 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish Archaeologist, created Stone, Bronze, Iron age system, dies at 76
  • 1879 Arturo Prat, Chilean naval officer (b. 1848)
  • 1894 August Kundt, German physicist, (sound vibration, test of Kundt), dies at 54
  • 1894 Emile Henry, French anarchist (b. 1872)
  • 1895 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon, dies at 66
  • 1911 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)
  • 1915 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (b. 1875)
  • 1919 Victor A D Segalen [Max Anely], French ship's doctor/writer, dies
  • 1919 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
  • 1920 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican President (1917-1920), executed by army generals after his decision that the next President be a civilian (61)
  • 1924 Bobby Franks, American school boy killed by Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb, at 14
  • 1926 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (The Flower Beneath the Foot), dies at 40

Person of interestArchibald Primrose

1929 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1894-95), dies at 82

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose
  • 1933 John Henry Mackay, Scottish/German author (Der Schwimmer), dies at 69
  • 1935 Hugo de Vries, botanist Gruppenweise Artbildung, dies at 87

Person of interestJane Addams

1935 Jane Addams, a founder of ACLU (Nobel 1973), dies at 65

Social Worker and Nobel Laureate Jane Addams
Social Worker and Nobel Laureate
Jane Addams
  • 1949 Klaus Mann, German-American author (Mephisto), dies at 42
  • 1964 James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1965 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, dies at 82
  • 1970 E. L. Grant Watson, Australian biologist (b. 1885)
  • 1973 Carlo E Gadda, Italian engineer/writer (War Diary), dies at 79
  • 1978 Jo Spier [Joseph Spier], Dutch cartoonist and water color painter, dies at 77
  • 1981 Patsy O'Hara, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)
  • 1981 Raymond Mccreesh, Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)
  • 1983 Kenneth Clark, English art historian (Civilisation), dies at 79
  • 1988 Dino Conte Grandi, Italian Fascist politician and delegate to league of nations (1925-32), dies at 92
  • 1988 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, dies at 91
  • 1990 Mary Victor Bruce, who flew around empire state bldg in 1930, dies
  • 1990 Moelvi Mohammed Farouk, Indian spiritual leader, murdered
  • 1991 Jean Van Joutte, Prime Minister of Belgium (1952-54), dies

MurderRajiv Gandhi

1991 Rajiv Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister (1984-89), assassinated at 46 by a suicide bomber from the LTTE

Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Indian Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
  • 1992 Brendan Mulholland, British reporter jailed for refusing to name his sources (Daily Mail), dies at 59
  • 1992 Elizabeth David, British cookbook writer (English Bread and Yeast Cookery), dies after a series of strokes at 72
  • 1992 Mrithi, gorilla (Gorilla in the Mist), dies at 24
  • 1993 John Frost, English soldier who led the defence of Arnhem Bridge during Operation Market Garden, dies at 80
  • 1994 Forsyth Hardy, documentary film pioneer, dies at 84
  • 1994 Giovanni Goria, Prime Minister of Italy (1987-88), dies
  • 1994 John Henry Weidner, Dutch/US resistance fighter, dies at 81
  • 1995 Kieron Walsh, academic, dies at 46
  • 1995 Les Aspin, American politician, (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93) US Secretary of Defense (1993-95), dies of stroke at 56
  • 1996 Bobby Tulloch, ornithologist, dies at 67
  • 1996 Laurence Dowdall, Scottish lawyer, dies at 91
  • 1996 Mary Perot Nichols, American journalist, dies at 79
  • 2000 Barbara Cartland, English romance author (Camfield #69), dies at 98
  • 2000 Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (b. 1956)
  • 2002 Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor, dies at 71
  • 2003 Frank D. White, American politician (b. 1933)
  • 2008 Brian Keenan, Irish Provisional IRA member who played a key role in Northern Ireland's peace process (1998), dies of cancer at 66
  • 2009 Allen Greenwood, British aeronautical engineer and aerospace executive, dies at 91
  • 2016 Marco Pannella, Italian politician and activist, dies at 86
  • 2020 Oliver Williamson, American economist (Nobel Prize for Economics 2009), dies at 87