On This Day in History for May 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 139

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

334 BC The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus

Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia
Alexander the Great
  • 760 14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

MurderMurder of Interest

1176 Murder attempt by "Assassins" on Saladin near Aleppo

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1200 Treaty of Le Goulet signed between France and England
  • 1370 Jews are expelled/massacred from Brussels, Belgium
  • 1377 Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.
  • 1455 Opening battle in England's 30-year Wars of the Roses. Richard of York takes St Albans, capturing King Henry VI
  • 1526 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • 1570 1st atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' (Theatre of the World), published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp with 70 maps
  • 1594 Earl Mauritius & Willem Louis begins siege of Groningen
  • 1629 Emperor Ferdinand II & Danish King Christian IV sign Peace of Lubeck
  • 1659 France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
  • 1712 Emperor Karel VI crowned king of Hungary
  • 1746 Russia & Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • 1761 1st life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia
  • 1762 Sweden & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1784 Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1803 1st public library opens (Connecticut)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Former VP Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond, Virginia (acquitted)

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1807 Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Philadelphia)
  • 1819 1st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
  • 1826 HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage to survey Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego
  • 1836 Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio "St Paul" premieres in Dusseldorf
  • 1840 The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.
  • 1842 Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns in New York state when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.
  • 1843 1st wagon train with 700 - 1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon

1stHistoric Invention

1849 Abraham Lincoln receives a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1856 Violence in the US Senate, South Carolina rep Brooks uses a cane on Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner
  • 1858 Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1863 War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • 1864 Battle of N Anna River, VA (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown)
  • 1868 Train robbery at Marshfield, Indiana by the Reno Brothers Gang, who make off with $98,000
  • 1872 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • 1888 Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • 1892 Dr Washington Sheffield invents toothpaste tube
  • 1893 Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
  • 1897 The Blackwall Tunnel, London, under the River Thames was officially opened
  • 1900 Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
  • 1900 Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1902 US President Theodore Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Launch of the White Star Liner SS Ionic.
  • 1905 Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School
  • 1906 Wright Brothers patent an aeroplane
  • 1906 A British garrison leaves Esquimalt, on the Pacific coast, after a military occupation that began in 1858: these were the last British soldiers stationed in Canada
  • 1907 Albert Trott takes two hat-tricks in an innings, Middlesex v Somerset
  • 1909 1st San Francisco fireboat, David Scannell, launched
  • 1915 Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna, Scotland)
  • 1915 Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force, and is the only mountain, other than Mount St. Helens, to erupt in the continental US during the 20th century.
  • 1916 French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 A. E. Douglass establishes the relative dates of two archaeological sites using ancient wood samples, marking a major step forward in the dating of archaeological sites

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
  • 1927 8.3 Nan-Shan earthquake strikes Tsinghai, China, over 40,900 killed
  • 1928 US Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act
  • 1930 Ruth hits 3 consecutive HR (8th-10th of 60 in 1930)
  • 1930 Yankee "Bronx Bombers" hit 14 HRs in a game
  • 1931 Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • 1933 Loch Ness Monster is reportably 1st sighted by John Mackay
  • 1933 World Trade Day/National Maritime Day 1st celebrated
  • 1936 Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel"

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Dutch Premier De Geer begins working with nazis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 UK Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris to decide with General Maxime Weygand a strategy to save the city

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 British troops attack Baghdad
  • 1942 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • 1942 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
  • 1943 1st jet fighter is tested
  • 1943 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Stalin disbands Komintern

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1945 6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
  • 1945 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt
  • 1946 Yankees turn triple-play & defeat Tigers 5-3
  • 1946 First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
  • 1947 "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey & Greece
  • 1947 1st US ballistic missile fired
  • 1950 Celal Bayar elected president of Turkey
  • 1950 Dutch poet Gerrit Achterberg wins PC Hooft prize
  • 1950 Richard Strauss' "4 Last Songs" (4 letzte Lieder) in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 Yankee Irv Noren hits into a triple-play, Yanks beat Wash 12-4
  • 1954 Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
  • 1955 Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th
  • 1957 South Africa's government approves race separation in universities
  • 1959 Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes 1st black major general in US Air Force
  • 1960 Tsunami strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM, severely damaging virtually all coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels
  • 1961 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle) opens
  • 1962 Netherlands telephone network becomes completely automated
  • 1962 Major Robert A Rushworth, USAF, takes X-15 to 30,600m
  • 1962 Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes after bombs explode on board.
  • 1963 Greek parliament leader Lambrakis injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 LBJ presents "Great Society"

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 Mad Dog Vachon beats Igor Vodic in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1967 Egyptian president Nassar closes Straits of Tiran to Israel
  • 1967 Fire at L'Innovation dept store kills 322 (Brussels, Belgium)
  • 1969 Stafford & Cernan pilot Apollo 10 LEM 9.4 mi(15km) above lunar surface
  • 1970 Arab terrorists kill 9 children & 3 adults on a school bus
  • 1970 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1970 Mel Stottlemyre sets record by walking 11, but wins 2-0

Birthdays in History

  • 1622 Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (d. 1698)
  • 1671 Abraham Patras, governor-general of East-Indies (1735-37)
  • 1715 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1794)
  • 1724 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (d. 1772)
  • 1770 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (d. 1840)
  • 1772 Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer (founded Brahmo Sabha), born in Radhanagar, British India (d. 1833)
  • 1804 John William (Turk) Livingston, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1885)
  • 1808 Gérard de Nerval [Gérard Labrunie], French writer, born in Paris (d. 1855)
  • 1821 Alfred Sully, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1823 Solomon Bundy, American politician (d. 1889)
  • 1841 Catulle Mendès, French poet (d. 1909)
  • 1844 Mary Cassatt, American Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)
  • 1846 Oliver Perry Hay, Saluda Indiana, American Paleontologist
  • 1849 Louis Perrier, Swiss politician (d. 1913)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • 1862 August Cuppens, Flemish author/pastor
  • 1874 Daniel François Malan, Prime Minister of South Africa (1948-54) who began the implementation of apartheid, born in Riebeek-Wes, Cape Colony (d. 1959)
  • 1885 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian politician (d. 1924)
  • 1891 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, born in Munich (d. 1958)
  • 1891 Robert Gordon Sproul, educator/college pres (Univ of California)
  • 1895 Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [OS=May 12]
  • 1897 Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (Waters of Babylon)
  • 1900 Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (d. 1979)
  • 1901 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1953)
  • 1903 Yves Rocard, French physicist (d. 1992)
  • 1904 Anne de Vries, writer (Bartje)
  • 1904 Paul Viiding, Estonian poet (d. 1962)
  • 1906 Harry Ritz, US comic (Ritz Brothers-Silent Movie)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1907 Hergé [Georges Prosper Remi], Belgian comic book creator (The Adventures of Tintin), born in Etterbeek, Belgium (d. 1983)

Cartoonist Hergé
  • 1911 Anatol Rapoport, Russ/US mathem/biologist (game theory)
  • 1912 Hendrik Koekoek, Dutch farmer and politician (Farmers Party)
  • 1914 Vance Packard, Granville Summit Pa, author (Hidden Persuaders)
  • 1917 Jean-Louis Laffitte Curtis, novelist
  • 1918 David Land, impressario
  • 1919 Paul Vanden Boeynants, premier Belgium (1966-68, 1978-79)
  • 1920 Hugh Armstrong Clegg, industrial relations academic
  • 1920 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe)
  • 1925 Jean Tinguely, Swiss sculptor artist (movement objects)
  • 1927 Phil Tucker, American director
  • 1928 T. Boone Pickens, American business person and oil tycoon (Shamrock, Mesa Petroleum Co), born in Holdenville, Oklahoma
  • 1930 Dieuwke Y W de Graaff-Nauta, Dutch undersecretary of the Interior

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Harvey Milk, American politician and gay activist, born in Woodmere, New York (d. 1978)

American Politician Harvey Milk
American Politician
Harvey Milk
  • 1930 Marisol (Maria Sol) Escobar, Venezuelan sculptor, born in Paris, France (d. 2016)
  • 1936 George H. Heilmeier, American engineer (helped invent LCD displays), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1936 M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 Sir Menzies Campbell, British politician
  • 1942 Pallo Jordan, South African ANC member/heads (Radio Freedom)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Ted Kaczynski, American serial killer and terrorist known as the "Unabomber", born in Evergreen Park, Illinois

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • 1943 Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1943 Gesine Schwan, German politician and science professor
  • 1948 Richard Baker, (Rep-R-Louisiana)
  • 1950 Alekos Alavanos, Greek politician
  • 1952 Jan Todd, woman power lifter, once lifted 248 kg in a squat
  • 1953 John Edward Stevens, American bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Doris Barnett, German politician
  • 1954 Shuji Nakamura, Japanese-born American electronic engineer (invented the Blue LED), born in Ikata, Japan
  • 1955 Sam Coppersmith, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1957 Lisa Murkowski, American politician
  • 1960 Hideaki Anno, Japanese director
  • 1977 Seán Óg Ó hAilpín, Irish hurler
  • 1980 Steven Baker, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 Joe Lauzon, American martial artist

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1860 Major General George McClellan (33) weds Mary Ellen at Calvary Church in NYC, New York

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan

HeartWedding of Interest

1945 Paranormal investigator Lorraine Warren (18) weds partner Ed Warren (18)

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator Ed Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Ed Warren
  • 2004 Felipe, Prince of Asturias, of the Spanish Royal Family weds Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano at The Almudena Cathedral in Madrid, Spain

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

337 Constantine the Great, Emperor of Rome (306-37), dies at 47

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 748 Empress Genshō of Japan (b. 680)
  • 987 Louis V le Faineant, the Lazy, king of France (986-87), poisoned at 20
  • 1068 Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan, 70th Emperor of Japan, dies at 42
  • 1455 Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (killed in battle)
  • 1455 Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, English commander (killed in battle) (b. 1406)
  • 1457 Saint Rita of Cascia, Italian saint (b. 1381)
  • 1501 Robert Gaguin, French writer/diplomat (Arte Metrificandi), dies at 66
  • 1538 John Forrest, English Franciscan friar (martyred) (b. 1471)
  • 1540 Francesco Guicciardini, Italian historian/President of Romagna, dies at 57
  • 1666 Gaspar Schott, German scientist (b. 1608)
  • 1667 Alexander VII, [Fabio Chigi], Italian Pope (1655-67), dies at 68
  • 1688 Johann A Quenstedt, German Lutherian theologist, dies at 70
  • 1745 François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (b. 1671)
  • 1746 Thomas Southerne, Irish dramatist (b. 1660)
  • 1760 Israel ben Eliezer, Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
  • 1772 Durastante Natalucci, Italian historian (b. 1687)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1802 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), dies at 70

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • 1819 John H van Kinsbergen, lt-admiral/founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84
  • 1851 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (b. 1755)
  • 1859 Ferdinand II, [Re Bomba], Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49
  • 1868 Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies
  • 1880 Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician, dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 Victor(-Marie) Hugo, French writer (Les Miserables), dies at 83

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
  • 1898 Edward Bellamy, American author/socialist, dies of tuberculosis at 48
  • 1910 Jules Renard, French writer (Le plaisir the rompre), dies at 46
  • 1921 Marie E Wilton, writer, dies
  • 1925 John [Denton Pinkstone] French, British field marshall (WWI), dies at 72
  • 1928 William HT Gairdner, Engl missionary (Nile Mission Press), dies at 54
  • 1932 Augusta, Lady Gregory, Irish playwright (Gold Apple) and patron of Yeats, dies at 80
  • 1939 Ernst Toller, German playwright, commits suicide at 45
  • 1939 Jiri Mahen, Czech author (b. 1882)
  • 1945 Carel A Lion Cachet, lithographer/wood carver, dies
  • 1948 Claude McKaye, Jamaican/US author (Banjo, Home to Harlem), dies at 57
  • 1949 Klaus H T Mann, German/US writer (Turning Point), dies
  • 1965 Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies
  • 1965 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (b. 1882)
  • 1970 Joseph W Krutch, American writer (Measure of Man), dies at 76
  • 1972 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet (British Poet Laureate 1968-72) and detective writer (Nicholas Blake), dies of cancer at 68
  • 1977 Gijsbert van Hall, banker/mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), dies at 73
  • 1988 Giorgio Almirante, Italian fascist (member of parliament), dies at 73
  • 1994 Frederick Hemming McClintock, criminologist, dies at 68
  • 1994 Mitacq, [Michel Tacq], Belgium comic strip artist (Beaver Patrol), dies
  • 1996 Duncan Montgomery Stewart, academic, dies at 66
  • 1996 Rex Collings, writer/publisher, dies at 70
  • 1997 Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)
  • 1998 José Enrique Moyal, mathematical physicist (b. 1910)
  • 2003 Ousmane Zongo, Burkinabé shooting victim
  • 2005 Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician, long-time General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Julia Randall, American poet (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organization (b. 1945)
  • 2006 Heather Crowe, Canadian activist (b. 1945)
  • 2008 Robert Asprin, American author (b. 1946)
  • 2012 Wesley Brown, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, dies at 85
  • 2014 Mathew Cowles, American actor, dies at 69