On This Day

On This Day in History for May 24

Events in History

  • 1086 Abbott Dauferio/Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III
  • 1153 Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots
  • 1218 The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt
  • 1276 Magnus Ladulås is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral
  • 1300 King Philip IV occupies Flanders, Earl Gwijde captured
  • 1370 Hanzesteden signs peace treaty with Danish king Waldemar IV
  • 1487 Imposter Lambert Simnel ceremony crowned as King Edward VI of Dublin
  • 1595 Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library
  • 1621 The Protestant Union is formally dissolved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 English king Charles II visits Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1667 French troops attack into Southern Netherlands
  • 1689 English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1697 English King William III travels through northern Europe

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1738 John Wesley is converted, launching the Methodist movement; celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day

Evangelist John Wesley
John Wesley

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1775 John Hancock is unanimously elected President of the Continental Congress

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • 1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins

  • 1815 George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1818 General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola, Florida

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1822 Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain
  • 1824 Pope Leo XII proclaims a universal jubilee
  • 1829 Pope Pius VIII issues his program for pontificate
  • 1830 "Mary Had A Little Lamb" by Sarah Josepha Hale is first published by Boston firm Marsh, Capen & Lyon
  • 1830 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
  • 1832 The First Kingdom of Greece is declared in the London Conference

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1844 Samuel Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" in the world's first telegraph message

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1854 Escaped slave Anthony Burns is arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston under the Fugitive Slave Act

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1856 Pottawatomie Massacre: John Brown and abolitionist settlers kill five pro-slavery settlers in Franklin County, Kansas

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • 1861 Alexandria, Virginia occupied by Federal troops
  • 1861 Union Major General Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war"
  • 1862 Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
  • 1862 Westminster Bridge across The Thames opens in London, England, second bridge replacing earlier bridge fallen into decay
  • 1866 Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • 1870 Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
  • 1878 CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race at Beacon Park in Boston
  • 1881 Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die

  • 1881 Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.

Notable FireworksBrooklyn Bridge Opens

1883 Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur and NY Governor Cleveland

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Lithograph depicting fireworks on the opening night of the Brooklyn Bridge
Lithograph depicting fireworks on the opening night of the Brooklyn Bridge
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  • 1884 Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People's Party in US
  • 1887 Sultan Bargash of Zanzibar grants E African Association at East African harbors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Leo von Caprivi succeeds Otto von Bismarck as Chancellor of Germany

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1890 Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
  • 1890 Tivoli Theater of Varieties opens in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Lowell Observatory, Arizona, first begins observations of Mars with an eighteen-inch telescope, leads its builder Percival Lowell to conclude there are canals on Mars

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Percival Lowell
  • 1899 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
  • 1901 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales
  • 1902 Empire Day 1st celebrated in Britain
  • 1902 Cleve's Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918
  • 1908 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • 1908 John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London
  • 1909 Bristol University granted Royal Charter

InventionHistoric Invention

1915 Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1916 Conscription begins in Britain
  • 1916 French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
  • 1916 Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
  • 1916 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
  • 1918 British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • 1921 1st parliament for Northern Ireland elected
  • 1921 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter leads 6 squadrons and artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at annual gathering on land of leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed
  • 1922 Record temperature in Netherlands for May (35.6°C)
  • 1922 Russian-Italian trade agreement signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
  • 1928 Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole again

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Amy Johnson becomes the 1st woman to fly solo from England to Australia

Aviator Amy Johnson
Amy Johnson
  • 1931 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • 1934 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
  • 1936 Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina speaks on BBC radio

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1940 Dutch army demobilizes
  • 1940 German tanks reach Atrecht, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler affirms General von Rundstedts "Stopbevel"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1943 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania's anti fascists

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • 1944 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • 1951 Racial segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants ruled illegal
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1953 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Doctor Mellifluus

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1954 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico
  • 1954 Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st African American to head an American Medical Association unit (New York County)
  • 1954 German airline Lufthansa forms
  • 1954 IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour
  • 1956 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna
  • 1957 Anti-American riots breakout in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1957 Heavy earthquake strikes Colombia

BattleBattle of Interest

1958 Cuban President Batista opens offensive against Fidel Castro's rebellion

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1958 UP & International News Service merge into United Press International
  • 1959 1st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited (Pleasant Hills, Pennsylvania)
  • 1959 Empire Day renamed Commonwealth Day in Great Britain
  • 1960 1 millionth Dutch telephone installed
  • 1961 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi
  • 1961 NASA Explorer Ionosphere research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1961 Cyprus joins the Council of Europe.
  • 1962 M Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1963 1st Lockheed A-12 to crash, CIA pilot Ken Collins ejects safely
  • 1964 18th Tony Awards: Luther & Hello Dolly win
  • 1965 Supreme Court declares federal law allowing post office to intercept communist propaganda is unconstitutional
  • 1968 Haiti closes down shortwave station 4VEH for 40 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 French President Charles de Gaulle proposes referendum & students set fire to Paris bourse

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

Birthdays in History

  • 15 BC Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander, born in Roma, Italia, Roman Empire (d. 19)
  • 1522 John Jewel, English bishop, born in Buden, Devon, England (d. 1571)
  • 1544 William Gilbert, English physician and physicist (researcher into magnetism), born in Colchester, England (d. 1603)
  • 1605 Nikon [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church, born in Veldemanovo, Russia (d. 1681)
  • 1616 John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale, born in Lethington Castle, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1682)
  • 1619 Philips Wouwerman, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1668)
  • 1671 Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1737)

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1686 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor, and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, born in Danzig, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1736)

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1689 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (d. 1769)

Person of interestJean-Paul Marat

1743 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia (d. 1793)

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • 1751 Charles Emanuel IV, King of Sardinia (1796-1802), born in Turin (d. 1819)
  • 1753 Oliver Cromwell, decorated African American soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence, born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • 1794 William Whewell, English polymath and philosopher (History of Inductive Science), born in Lancaster, Lancashire, England (d. 1866)
  • 1803 Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French prince of Canino and Musignano, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1803 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist, born in Kotka, Finland (d. 1866)
  • 1807 Cornelis Eliza van Koetsveld, Dutch writer and preacher, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1893)
  • 1810 Abraham Geiger, German theologian and leader of Reform Judaism, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1874)
  • 1811 Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1877)
  • 1816 Emanuel Leutze, American painter (Washington Crossing the Delaware), born in Schwäbisch Gmünd, Württemberg, German Confederation (d. 1868)
  • 1816 Robert Seaman Granger, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1894)

Person of interestQueen Victoria

1819 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1830 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer, born in York, England (d. 1925)
  • 1838 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1840 Frederick Walker, British social realist painter, born in London (d. 1875)
  • 1841 Charles Napier Hemy, British painter, born in Newcastle, England (d. 1917)
  • 1850 Ernest Albert Waterlow, English water-color painter, born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1852 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1854 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, admiral (WWI), born in Graz, Austrian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1854 John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy, born in Banister Hollow, Camden County, Missouri (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Johan Braakensiek, Dutch political cartoonist (Green Amsterdammer), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • 1863 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • 1866 Armando Frid, Argentina, live until July 28 1990 (124 years)
  • 1868 Charles E. Taylor, American first aircraft maintenance professional, born in Cerro Gordo, Illinois (d. 1956)
  • 1870 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1938)
  • 1870 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations, born in Bovenplaats, Cape Colony (d. 1950)
  • 1878 Lillian Moller Gilbreth, American psychologist and industrial engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954), born in Oakland, California (d. 1972)
  • 1879 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's, born in York County, Pennsylvania (d. 1956)
  • 1885 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, born in Turton, Lancashire (d. 1948).
  • 1887 Edward "Mick" Mannock, British WWI flying ace (Victoria Cross), born in British Isles (d. 1918)
  • 1891 Benedictus H. Danser, Dutch taxonomist and botanist, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1891 William F. Albright, American old testament scholar and archaeologist, born in Coquimbo, Chile (d. 1971)
  • 1893 Walter Baade, German-American astronomer (Andromeda), born in Schröttinghausen, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Samuel I Newhouse Sr., American businessman and publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour), born in NYC, New York (d. 1979)
  • 1898 Kathleen Hale, British children book writer and illustrator (Orlando), born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1899 Henri Michaux, Belgian-born French poet and writer (Miserable Miracle), born in Namur, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1904 Kenneth Buckley, British rear-admiral (d. 1992)
  • 1904 Patrick Johnson, English physicist (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Mikhail Sholokhov, Soviet writer (And Quiet Flows the Don, Nobel 1965), born in Veshenskaya, Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1906 John Mayo, director-general (Help the Aged)
  • 1908 Michael Roberts, English historian, born in Lytham St Annes, Lancashire (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Guillermo Díaz-Plaja, Spanish literary and poet (Lorca), born in Manresa, Barcelona (d. 1984)
  • 1909 Louis Fornberg, writer (d. 1957)
  • 1909 Wilbur Mills, American congressmen (Democrat-AZ: 1939-77), famous for his involvement in a sex scandal with Fanne Foxe, born in Kensett, Arkansas (d. 1992)
  • 1911 Barbara West, English survivor of the Titanic sinking, born in Bournemouth, Dorset, England (d. 2007)
  • 1914 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, born in Budapest (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and Governor (New South Wales), born in Manly, New South Wales (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Derek Hodgson, British high court judge, born in Whitefield, Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Alan Campbell, Baron Campbell of Alloway, British judge (d. 2013)
  • 1917 Theodore Hesburgh, president (University of Notre Dame), born in Syracuse, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1917 Florence Knoll Bassett, American furniture designer (Knoll), born in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • 1918 Coleman Young, 1st African American Mayor of Detroit, born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Sid Couchey, American comic book artist (Richie Rich), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Francois J [Frank] le Roux, chief whip (South Afr Conserv Party)
  • 1927 Martinus J Mentz, South African MP (Conservative)
  • 1927 Timothy Bevan, British lawyer and CEO (Barclays Bank) (d. 2016)
  • 1928 Peter Griffiths, British politician (C), controversially won his seat (1964), born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire (d. 2013)
  • 1928 William Trevor, Irish writer (Children of Dynmouth, Fools of Fortune), born in Mitchelstown, Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Ivor Richardson, New Zealand judge (NZ Court of Appeals), born in Ashburton, New Zealand (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Arnold Wesker, British playwright (Bratkartoffeln Inbegriffen), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Graham Arnold, British artist (Brotherhood of Ruralists), born in Sydenham, London (d. 2019)
  • 1932 James Anderton, British Chief constable (Manchester England), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • 1932 Terence Heiser, British senior civil servant
  • 1933 Christopher Staughton, British Lord Justice of Appeal (d. 2014)
  • 1933 Joaquín Vaquero Turcios, Spanish painter, born in Madrid (d. 2010)
  • 1933 Tony Mullett, dir-general (National Criminal Intelligence Service)
  • 1933 Jane Byrne, American politician and 50th Mayor of Chicago, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • 1933 Aharon Lichtenstein, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Paris (d. 2015)
  • 1935 Joan Micklin Silver, American film director (Hester Street; Crossing Delancey), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2020)
  • 1938 David Viscott, American psychiatrist and media personality, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Gert Schutte, Dutch politician (GPV), born in Nieuwpoort, Netherlands
  • 1940 Joseph Brodsky, Russian-American poet and writer (Less than One, Nobel 1987), born in Leningrad, RSFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1996)
  • 1941 Patricia Hollis, Baroness Hollis of Heigham, English Labour politician, born in Plympton, Plymouth (d. 2018)
  • 1941 Martin Mogg, governor (British Durham Prison)
  • 1945 Richard Ottaway, British politician (C), born in Sonning, Berkshire
  • 1945 Steven Norris, British Conservative politician, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1946 Jeremy Treglown, English scholar and editor (TLS)
  • 1947 Luke Rittner, British art administrator (Arts Council), born in Bath, Somerset, England
  • 1947 Martin Winterkorn, German automotive executive, born in Leonberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1947 Cynthia Plaster Caster [Cynthia Albritton], American artist who made plaster casts of celebrity penises and breasts, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1950 Larry Seidlin, American judge (judge during the infamous Anna Nicole Smith body custody hearing after her death), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1951 Ronald Parise, Italian-American astronaut (STS 35, STS 67), born in Warren, Ohio
  • 1956 Michael Jackson, Northern Irish clergyman (Archbishop of Dublin), born in Lurgan, County Armagh, Northern Ireland
  • 1957 John G. Rowland, American politician (86th Governor of Connecticut), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1963 Michael Chabon, American novelist (The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1965 Shinichirō Watanabe, Japanese anime director (Samurai Champloo), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1969 Jacob Rees-Mogg, British politician, Leader of the House of Commons (2019-), born in London, England
  • 1976 Bob Maesen, Belgian flatwater canoer, born in Neerpelt, Pelt, Belgium
  • 1978 Brian Ching, American footballer (U.S. National Team), born in Hale'iwa, Hawaii
  • 1982 DaMarcus Beasley, American footballer (Houston Dynamo), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1917 Writer Walter Lippmann (27) weds Faye Albertson

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • 1935 Swedish princess Ingrid marries Danish crown prince Frederik (IX)
  • 2002 Princess Martha Louise of Norway (30) weds author Ari Behn (29) in Trondheim
  • 2008 Prince Joachim of Denmark (38) weds second wife Marie Cavallier (32) at Møgeltønder Church in Denmark

Deaths in History

  • 1144 Petronella, wife of earl Floris II the Vette of Holland/regent, dies
  • 1153 David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68
  • 1351 Abu al-Hasan 'Ali, Sultan of Morocco (b. circa 1297)
  • 1408 Taejo of Joseon [Yi Seong-gye], King of Joseon (1392-98), dies at 72
  • 1425 Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)
  • 1456 Ambroise de Loré, French military commander (b. 1396)

Person of interestNicolaus Copernicus

1543 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), dies at 70

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1612 Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury and English Prime Minister (1598-1612), dies at 48
  • 1665 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, dies at 63
  • 1669 Pieter Cuypers, South Neth lawyer, dies at 48
  • 1670 Ferdinand II, ruler of Toscane, dies at 59
  • 1696 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 62
  • 1725 Jonathan Wild, English criminal (b. 1682)
  • 1734 Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1749 Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
  • 1751 William Hamilton, of Gilbertsfield, poet, dies
  • 1792 George Brydges, 1st baron Rodney/admiral, dies
  • 1792 Jakob M R Lenz, writer (That Soldier), dies
  • 1804 Simon Style, Fries medical/writer, dies at 73
  • 1806 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
  • 1833 John Randolph [of Roanoke], American planter, Congressman (Virginia) and Minister to Russia, dies of tuberculosis at 59
  • 1843 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, dies at 78
  • 1844 William Crockford, clubman/gambler, dies
  • 1850 Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 1851 Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass], Slovenian-Croatian poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
  • 1861 Elmer E. Ellsworth, American soldier who was the 1st Union officer killed in the American Civil War, dies at 24
  • 1872 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter and designer who figured importantly in the German Nazarene movement, dies at 78
  • 1876 Henry Kingsley, English/Australian writer, dies at 46

Person of interestWilliam Lloyd Garrison

1879 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist, and publisher ("The Liberator"), dies at 73

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1881 Samuel Palmer, British landscape painter, dies at 76
  • 1883 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • 1895 Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter (landscape paintings), dies at 73
  • 1895 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1865-69, 1884-85), dies at 86
  • 1919 Amado Nervo [Juan Crisóstomo Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican writer and poet, dies at 48
  • 1941 Lancelot Holland, British vice-admiral (WW II-Hood), dies in battle
  • 1943 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • 1949 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, dies at 75
  • 1950 Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British general, dies at 67
  • 1966 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), dies at 80
  • 1976 Henk [Hendrik Johannes] Lankhorst, Dutch politician (PSP), dies at 62
  • 1976 Melle Oldeboerrigter, Dutch painter and cartoonist, dies at 65
  • 1986 Stephen D Thorne, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, dies in a plane crash at 33
  • 1988 James "Hamish" Hamilton, British publisher (Salinger/Mitford), dies at 87
  • 1989 Herwig Hensen [Flor Mielants], Flemish dramatist/poet, dies at 72
  • 1993 Jesus Posadas Ocampo, Mexican cardinal/archbishop, shot dead at 66
  • 1994 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Bird House), dies at 48
  • 1994 John Barrington Wain, author, dies at 69
  • 1994 Yehuda Mor-Mirkovsky, Israeli kibbutz-founder, dies at 96

Person of interestHarold Wilson

1995 Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1964-70, 74-76), dies of cancer at 79

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1996 Alexander Langsdorf, physicist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Harry Campion, statistician, dies at 91
  • 1996 Jack McCarthy, kiddie show host (Popeye), dies of cancer at 81
  • 1996 Joseph Mitchell, American writer (Joe Gould's Secret), dies at 87
  • 2000 Kurt Schork, American reporter (b. 1947)
  • 2002 Wallace Markfield, American writer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 Henry Ries, American photographer (b. 1917)
  • 2004 Milton Shulman, Canadian author and critic (b. 1913)
  • 2004 Edward Wagenknecht, American literary critic (b. 1900)
  • 2005 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, dies at 83
  • 2005 Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 Vivian Liberto, first wife of Johnny Cash (b. 1934)
  • 2006 Henry Bumstead, American art director (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Michał Życzkowski, Polish technician (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Virendra Bhatia, Indian politician (b. 1947)
  • 2010 Raymond V. Haysbert, African-American business executive and civil rights leader (b. 1920)
  • 2011 Huguette Clark, Heiress of the Clark Copper fortune, life-long reclusion from society. (b. 1906)
  • 2013 Michel Crozier, French sociologist, dies at 90
  • 2014 Stormé DeLarverie, American gay rights leader (Stonewall protests), dies at 93
  • 2015 Tanith Lee, British Science-fiction author (The Flat-Earth Cycle), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2018 Gudrun Burwitz [Himmler], German daughter of SS leader Heinrich Himmler, dies at 88