On This Day

On This Day in History for May 25

Events in History

  • 1085 Alfonso VI of León and Castile captures Toledo
  • 1241 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1420 Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ

Papal VisitThe Protestant Reformation

1521 Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers
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1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1522 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1632 Albrecht von Wallenstein recaptures Prague on Saksen
  • 1659 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname "Tumbledown Dick" as a result of his abrupt fall from power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 King Charles II of England lands in Dover

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1720 The Ship "Le Grand St Antoine" reaches Marseille, bringing Europe's last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000
  • 1721 John Copson becomes America's 1st insurance agent
  • 1738 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
  • 1784 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1793 Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 1810 The Primera Junta (local government) is established in Argentina
  • 1810 In the May Revolution, citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Spanish Viceroy Cisneros during Semana de Mayo

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1816 Collection of poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge published by John Murray in London, including "Kubla Khan" and "Christabel"

Poet, Critic and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • 1825 American Unitarian Association founded
  • 1837 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

  • 1844 1st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • 1861 John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a supreme court decision protecting writ
  • 1862 First Battle of Winchester, Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
  • 1870 Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
  • 1876 1st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1895 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
  • 1911 Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Jose Porfirio Diaz
  • 1914 British House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill
  • 1915 Second Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
  • 1915 Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pitts (Federal League), 10-0
  • 1923 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • 1926 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of the Ukrainian People's Republic

Historic InventionModel T

1927 Henry Ford announces that he is ending production of the Model T Ford
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The 1910 Model T Ford
The 1910 Model T Ford
  • 1934 Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres

  • 1936 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
  • 1937 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
  • 1938 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • 1940 German troops conquer Boulogne
  • 1940 Golden Gate International Exposition reopens
  • 1941 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India
  • 1943 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • 1943 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1945 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • 1946 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • 1947 Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co's Mine #5 killing 111
  • 1948 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast

BattleExecution

1948 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1949 Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai
  • 1950 Brooklyn Battery Tunnel opens in NYC
  • 1953 1st atomic cannon electronically fired at Frenchman Flat, Nevada
  • 1955 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas & most of Blackwell Okla
  • 1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Russian premier Nikita Khrushchev visits Angola

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1960 George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit HR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on the Moon before the end of decade

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1962 US unions AFL-CIO starts campaign for 35-hour work week
  • 1963 Organization for African Unity formed by Chad, Mauritania and Zambia
  • 1964 Frank Gilroy's "Subject is Roses" premieres in NYC
  • 1964 Ground is broken for a new stadium in St Louis
  • 1964 US Supreme Court rules closing schools to avoid desegregation is unconstitutional
  • 1965 India and Pakistan border fights
  • 1965 Roel van Duyn, Martijn Ananar & Rob Faado align in Provo
  • 1968 BPAA All-Star Bowling Tournament won by Jim Stefanich
  • 1968 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Dotty Fothergill
  • 1968 Gateway Arch in St Louis dedicated
  • 1969 Sudanese government is overthrown in a military coup
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The Provisional Irish Republican Army throw a time bomb into Springfield Road British Army base in Belfast, killing British Army Sergeant Michael Willetts and wounding seven officers
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 Peronist Hector Campora installed as President of Argentina
  • 1973 US launches 1st Skylab crew Kerwin, Conrad, Weitz
  • 1975 Cleve's Dennis Eckersley, debuts shuting out the A's 6-0
  • 1977 Dutch social democratic party wins parliamentary election
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago killing 273 including 2 on the ground
  • 1979 Israel begins to return Sinai to Egypt
  • 1979 Raul Gonzales of Mexico completes 50,000 m walk in record 3:41:38.4
  • 1981 Daniel Goodwin scales outside of Chicago's Sears Tower in 7 hours
  • 1981 Rangers' Bill Stein sets AL record with 7 consecutive pinch hits
  • 1982 Iranian troops reconquer Khorramshar
  • 1982 STS-4 vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1983 1st US National Missing Children's Day is proclaimed
  • 1983 Fire in Nassermeer, Egypt, kills 357
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1985 Cyclone ravages Bangladesh; 11,000 killed
  • 1986 95-year-old woman scores a hole-in-one in Florida
  • 1986 Ferry boat Shamia sinks on Maghna River Bangladesh, 600 killed
  • 1986 Hands Across America - 6.5 million people hold hands from California to NY
  • 1986 Virgilio Barco elected president of Colombia
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines graduates it 1st class of non-union pilots
  • 1989 Mariners trade Mark Langston to Montreal for Randy Johnson

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1989 Mikhail Gorbachev elected Executive President in the Soviet Union

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1991 Israel evacuates 14,000 Ethiopian Jews
  • 1992 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro elected President of Italy
  • 1995 The Bosnian Serb Army kills 72 youngsters in the Bosnian city of Tuzla.

Birthdays in History

  • 1048 Emperor Shenzong of China, 6th emperor of the Song dynasty in China, born in Kaifeng, China (d. 1085)
  • 1334 Emperor Sukō, Japanese Emperor of the Northern Court (1348-51) (d. 1398)
  • 1458 Mahmud Begada, Sultan of Gujarat (successfully captured Pavagadh and Junagadh forts in battles), born in Ahmedabad, India (d. 1511)
  • 1494 Jacopo da Pontormo [Carucci], Italian painter (Sepulture of Christ), born in Pontormo, Italy (d. 1557)
  • 1550 Camillus de Lellis, Italian Roman Catholic saint (founder of the Ministers of the Sick), born in Bucchianico, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1614)
  • 1606 Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary in New France, born in Paris (d. 1649)
  • 1661 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1713 John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1760-63), born in Parliament Square, Edinburgh, Midlothian (d. 1792)
  • 1725 Samuel Ward, American politician (31st and 33rd Governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1776)
  • 1729 Jean de Neufville, Dutch-American merchant (started 4th English war), born in Amsterdam (d. 1796)
  • 1779 Hendrik Marcus de Kock, Dutch general and politician (Lieutenant Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies 1826-30), born in Heusden, Dutch Republic (d. 1845)
  • 1781 Ferdinand Karl Joseph, Archduke of Austria-Este, born in Milan (d. 1850)
  • 1783 Philip Pendleton Barbour, American politician and U.S. Supreme Court justice, born in Gordonsville, Virginia (d. 1841)

Person of interestRalph Waldo Emerson

1803 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist and philosopher (Concord Hymn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1882)

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1818 Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss cultural historian, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1897)
  • 1830 Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet (International), born in Lede, Belgium (d. 1905)
  • 1839 John Eliot, English meteorologist, born in Lamesley, Durham (d. 1908)
  • 1846 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1923)
  • 1846 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, born in Frashër, Janina Vilayet, Ottoman Empire(d. 1900)
  • 1847 John Alexander Dowie, Scottish-American evangelist (founded the city of Zion, Illinois), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1907)
  • 1856 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general during WWI, born in Mostaganem, French Algeria (d. 1942)
  • 1860 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)
  • 1865 Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxony (1904-18), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1865 John Mott, American evangelist and organizer (YMCA, Nobel 1946), born in Livingston Manor, Sullivan County, New York (d. 1955)
  • 1865 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Zeeman effect, Nobel Prize 1902), born in Zonnemaire, Schouwen-Duiveland (d. 1943)
  • 1879 William Maxwell Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, Canadian English newspaper publisher (Daily Express), born in Maple, Ontario (d. 1964)
  • 1880 Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist who helped identify the Guillain-Barré-Strohl syndrome, born in Nantes, France (d. 1967)
  • 1883 Elsa Maxwell, American writer (Jack Paar Show), born in Keokuk, Iowa (d. 1963)
  • 1886 Philip Murray, 1st president of the United Steelworkers and longest-serving president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, born in Blantyre, Scotland (d. 1952)
  • 1886 Rash Behari Bose, Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India, born in Bengal, India (d. 1945)
  • 1887 Padre Pio, Roman Catholic saint, born in Pietrelcina, Benevento, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1968)

Person of interestIgor Sikorsky

1889 Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1972)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • 1891 Robert Willem Pieter Peereboom, Dutch editor in chief (Haarlem Newspaper), born in Haarlem, North Holland, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1894 Dirk Vansina, Flemish playwright (Verschaeve Gives Evidence), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1896 Jan Nicolaas Bakhuizen van den Brink, Dutch theologist and church historian, born in Joure, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Bennett Cerf, American publisher (Random House) and panelist (What's My Line), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1898 Gustav Regler, German writer, born in Merzig (d. 1963)
  • 1900 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (Né à Québec: Louis Jolliet), born in Saint-Casimir, Quebec (d. 1975)
  • 1907 U Nu, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (1948-56, 1960-62), born in Wakema, Myaungmya District, British Burma (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Theodore Roethke, American poet (Words for the Wind), born in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 1963)
  • 1909 Alfred Kubel, German politician, born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Princess Deokhye of Korea, last princess of the Korean Empire, born in Changdeok Palace, Keijo, Japanese Korea (d. 1989)
  • 1913 J. Peter Grace, American businessman and industrialist, born in Manhasset, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Daniel Wolf, American journalist (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Lou van Rees, Dutch impresario, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1923 John Weitz, American author and fashion designer (Friends in High Places), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1927 Robert Ludlum, American spy novelist (Bourne Identity), born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1928 Mary Tuck, British social researcher and civil servant (d. 1996)
  • 1929 David Sturtevant Ruder, 23rd chairman of Security & Exchange Commission, born in Wausau, Wisconsin
  • 1930 Sonia Rykiel, French fashion designer, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Aili Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter, born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1932 Georgy Grechko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 26, T-14), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union (d. 2017)
  • 1932 John Gregory Dunne, American writer (Up Close & Personal, True Confessions), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Ron Nesson, American press secretary (Gerald Ford), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1938 Raymond Carver, American poet and short story writer (Furious Season), born in Clatskanie, Oregon (d. 1988)
  • 1943 Wynand Charl Malan, South African lawyer and politician, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1944 Bob Payton, American pizza magnate (The Chicago Pizza Pie Factory), born in Miami, Florida (d. 1994)
  • 1944 Robert MacPherson, American mathematician (invention of intersection homology with Mark Goresk), born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • 1945 Dave Lee Travis [David Griffin], British DJ and presenter (Top of the Pops], convicted of indecent assault, born in Buxton, Derbyshire
  • 1946 Janet Morris, American sci-fi author (Golden Sword, Tempus), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1946 Tommy Cecil, Irish ferryman, born Rathlin Island, County Antrim (d. 1997)
  • 1946 David A. Hargrave, role-playing games (RPGs) designer (d. 1988)
  • 1947 Mitch Margo, American rocker (The Tokens, The Lion Sleeps Tonight), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1949 Jamaica Kincaid [Elaine Cynthia Potter Richardsonn], Antiguan-American journalist (NYer), born in St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda
  • 1952 Al Sarrantonio, American writer (999: New Stories of Horror and Suspense), born in NYC, New York
  • 1952 Gordon Smith, American politician (U.S. Senator from Oregon), born in Pendleton, Oregon
  • 1952 Jeffrey Bewkes, American media executive (CEO of Time Warner from 2008-18), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1953 Jane Priest, Prince Charles' lover, born in Perth, Australia
  • 1953 Eve Ensler, American playwright (The Vagina Monologues), born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Stan Sakai, Japanese-American cartoonist (Usagi Yojimbo), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1954 Alison Stern, wife of radio personality Howard Stern (Private Parts), born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • 1955 Alistair Burt, British Conservative Party politician, born in Bury, Lancashire, England
  • 1956 Larry Hogan, American politician, Governor of Maryland (2015-), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1957 Edward Lee, American writer (Mr. Torso), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1958 Dorothy Straight, American 4 year old author (How the World Began), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1959 Manolis Kefalogiannis, Greek politician (Minister for Mercantile Marine), born in Heraklion, Greece
  • 1960 Amy Klobuchar, American politician (D), senator for Minnesota (2007-), born in Plymouth, Minnesota
  • 1964 Ivan Bella, Slovak cosmonaut (first Slovak citizen to fly in space), born in Brezno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1965 Yahya Jammeh, Gambian dictator (1994-2017), born in Kanilai, Gambia
  • 1966 Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands, wife of Prince Constantijn and sister-in-law of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima, born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • 1967 Poppy Z. Brite [Billy Martin], American author (Lost Souls, Drawing Blood), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky
  • 1969 Stacy London, American stylist and fashion consultant, born in NYC, New York
  • 1971 Marco Cappato, Italian politician (Member of the European Parliament), born in Milan, Italy
  • 1973 Daz Dillinger [Delmar Drew Arnaud], American hip-hop performer, born in Long Beach, California
  • 1979 Carlos Bocanegra, American sports executive and footballer, born in Alta Loma, California
  • 1993 Dilley sextuplets, American sextuplets (United States' first set of surviving sextuplets), born in Indianapolis, Indiana

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1661 King Charles II marries Portuguese princess Catherina of Braganca

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

LoveWedding of Interest

1898 Chocolatier Milton S. Hershey (40) weds Catherine Sweeney at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • 1961 King Hussein of Jordan marries Princess Muna al-Hussein (Antoinette Gardiner).
  • 2014 Actress Lisa Edelstein (48) weds artist Robert Russell in Los Angeles

Deaths in History

  • 615 Boniface IV, Pope (608-15), dies
  • 709 Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury, Bishop of Sherborne. English poet and scholar (b. cica 639)
  • 946 Edmund the Older, king of Wessex/England (939-46), dies
  • 967 Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 926)
  • 986 Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, Persian astronomer, dies at 83
  • 992 Mieszko I, Grand Duke and ruler of Poland (960-992), dies at around 61
  • 992 Mieszko I first lord and knight of Poland, duke of Polans (b. circa 935)
  • 1085 Gregory VII, [Ildebrando], Pope (1073-85), dies
  • 1125 Hendrik V, last Salische German king, dies
  • 1261 Alexander IV, [Rinaldo dei conti di Segni], Pope (1254-61), dies
  • 1401 Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens & Neopatria, dies at 37
  • 1452 John Stafford, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1510 Georges d'Amboise, French Roman Catholic cardinal, minister of state and viceroy in North Italy, dies at 49
  • 1555 Henry II of Navarre (b. 1503)
  • 1595 Valens Acidalius, German critic and poet (b. 1567)
  • 1632 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher, dies at 60
  • 1667 Gustaf Bonde, Swedish statesman (b. 1620)
  • 1681 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, dies at 81
  • 1693 Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de la Fayette, French writer (b. 1634)
  • 1741 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German Protestant theologian, dies at 80
  • 1786 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, dies at 68
  • 1789 Anders Dahl, Swedish botanist (b. 1751)
  • 1797 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal, dies at 78
  • 1805 William Paley, English philosopher and theologian (Natural Theology), dies at 61
  • 1848 Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
  • 1849 Andreas Victor Michiels, Dutch military governor of West-Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, dies in battle at 52
  • 1849 Benjamin d'Urban, British general and colonial administrator (b. 1777)
  • 1865 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart, dies at 85
  • 1895 Ahmed Djevdet Pasja, Turkish minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • 1899 Marie-Rosalie "Rosa" Bonheur, French painter, dies at 68
  • 1912 Austin Lane Crothers, American politician (b. 1860)
  • 1917 Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet, dies at 25

Person of interestMadam C. J. Walker

1919 Madam C. J. Walker [Sarah Breedlove], African American entrepreneur (First American self-made female millionaire, Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company), dies of kidney failure complications at 51

Cosmetics Mogul Madam C. J. Walker
Cosmetics Mogul
Madam C. J. Walker
  • 1924 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, dies at 35
  • 1924 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), dies abruptly at 59
  • 1926 Symon Petliura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), assassinated in Paris at 47 by Sholom Schwartzbard
  • 1927 Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1876)
  • 1930 Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1848)
  • 1933 James E. Kelly, American sculptor "Sculptor of American History", dies at 77
  • 1935 Sir Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1937 Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist, dies at 77
  • 1939 Joseph Duveen, British art connoisseur (Elgin marbles), dies at 69
  • 1943 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, dies at 54
  • 1945 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62

BattleWitold Pilecki

1948 Witold Pilecki, Polish WWII resistance fighter (volunteered to go to Auschwitz, Witold's Report), executed by communist secret police after a show trial at age 47

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1949 Simon H Spoor, intelligence officer/general (WWII), dies at 47
  • 1951 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet and writer, dies at 63

Person of interestRobert Capa

1954 Robert Capa, Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, dies of injuries from a landmine explosion at 40

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • 1968 Georg von Küchler, German field marshal and WWII war criminal, dies at 86
  • 1968 Charles K. Feldman, American producer (Casino Royale), dies at 63
  • 1971 Jo Etha Collier, young African American woman killed by 3 whites in Drew Miss
  • 1977 Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer, dies at 72
  • 1979 John Arthur Spenkelink, American murderer (b. 1949)
  • 1981 Fredric Warburg, British publisher (Animal Farm) and author, dies at 82
  • 1983 Sydney Box, academy award producer, dies at 76
  • 1985 Harold Hecht, choreographer, dies at 77 of cancer
  • 1985 Robert Nathan, American writer/poet (Portrait of Jennie), dies at 91
  • 1986 Chester Bowles, American ambassador and writer (Conscience of a Liberal), dies at 85
  • 1988 Ernst Ruska, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1991 Dorothy Davis Bostwick, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Philip C Habib, US diplomat (Middle-East/Asia), dies at 72
  • 1992 Viktor Grishin, hardline soviet communist, dies at 78, dies
  • 1996 Bernard Charles Sendall, deputy director general of British Independent Television Authority, dies at 83
  • 1996 David W Howe, test pilot, dies at 77
  • 1996 John Morrison, 1st Baron Margadale, British politician and landowner, last non-royal to be raised to the peerage in UK and landowner, dies at 89
  • 1996 Laurence Marks, journalist, dies at 67
  • 1996 Renzo de Felice, historian, dies at 67
  • 1997 Muhammad Fadhel, Prime Minister of Iraq (1953-54), dies
  • 2004 Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (b. 1938)
  • 2005 Gregory Scott Johnson, American murderer, dies of lethal injection at 40
  • 2008 J. R. Simplot, American potato farmer (b. 1909)
  • 2009 Haakon Lie, Norwegian politician (b. 1905)
  • 2010 Gabriel Vargas, Mexican cartoonist (b. 1915)
  • 2010 Silvius Magnago, Italian politician (b. 1914)
  • 2011 Leonora Carrington, British-Mexican Surrealist artist dies aged 94
  • 2012 Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer, dies at 93
  • 2014 Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general and 1st President of Poland (1989-90), dies at 90
  • 2016 Yang Jiang, Chinese writer (Six Chapters From My Life ‘Downunder’), dies at 104
  • 2017 Sir Alistair Horne, British historian and journalist (A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954–1962), dies at 91
  • 2019 LaSalle Leffall Jr., American surgeon, medical educator, and 1st black president of the American Cancer Society (1978), and the American College of Surgeons (1995), dies at 89