On This Day

On This Day in History for May 27

Events in History

  • 927 Battle of the Bosnian Highlands: Simeon I of Bulgaria is defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia
  • 1120 Richard III of Capua is anointed as prince two weeks before his untimely death
  • 1281 Flemish Earl Gwijde Dampierre takes financial responsibility of Brugge
  • 1529 30 Jews of Posing, Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake
  • 1660 Denmark & Sweden sign The Treaty Of Copenhagen, ends Second Northern War
  • 1679 Habeaus Corpus Act (strengthening person's right to challenge unlawful arrest & imprisonment) passes in England
  • 1689 Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as Grand Pensionary of Holland
  • 1692 Court of Oyer and Terminer ("to hear and determine") established by Governor of Massachusetts to hear accusations of witchcraft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1703 Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1738 Turkish troops occupy Orsova and Ochakov in eastern Europe
  • 1798 The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland, large rebel force kills local militia
  • 1813 Americans capture Fort George, Canada

TrainOpening of Euston Station

1849 Opening of the Great Hall at Euston station in London

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An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
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  • 1850 Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • 1854 Marine Telegraph from Fort Point to San Francisco completed
  • 1856 Doctor William Palmer (the Rugeley Poisoner) found guilty of poisoning in Stafford, England

  • 1862 Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
  • 1863 CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River, Georgia, 18 die
  • 1863 Siege of Port Hudson in Louisiana by Union forces. Lasts 48 days, longest American military siege
  • 1864 Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1873 Heinrich Schliemann discovers "Priam's Treasure" a cache of gold and other objects in Hisarlik (Troy) in Anatolia

Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann
Heinrich Schliemann
  • 1883 Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • 1893 Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • 1895 British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
  • 1896 Bay District Race Track in San Francisco closes
  • 1896 Tornado hit St Louis, killing 255, leaving thousands homeless
  • 1898 Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the Wells" premieres in London
  • 1900 Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Battle of InterestBattle of Tsushima

1905 Japanese fleet destroys the Russian East Sea fleet in the Battle of Tsushima, the only decisive clash between modern steel battleships in history

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Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō on the bridge of Mikasa, at the beginning of the Battle of Tsushima in 1905.
Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō on the bridge of Mikasa, at the beginning of the Battle of Tsushima in 1905.
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  • 1907 Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco
  • 1908 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • 1910 Reform of Prussian three-class voting system fails
  • 1916 Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 President Woodrow Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 Race riot in East St Louis Illinois, 1 black killed

  • 1918 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • 1919 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
  • 1920 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1921 After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
  • 1927 Japanese military intervention in Chinese civil war

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1927 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1930 Richard Drew invents masking tape

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 The 1,046-foot (319-meter) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • 1931 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplane at Langley Field, Virginia
  • 1931 Swiss Auguste Piccard and Paul Kipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon from Augsburg, Germany
  • 1933 Austrian communist party banned
  • 1933 Century of Progress Exposition opens in Chicago
  • 1933 Federal Securities Act signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Martin Heidegger gives his inaugural rectoral address on “The Self-Assertion of the German University”, taken by some take as supporting the Nazi regime

Philosopher Martin Heidegger
Martin Heidegger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage
  • 1937 Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to pedestrians

Victory in BattleMiracle of Dunkirk

1940 British and Allied forces begin the evacuation of Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo) during WWII

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British troops await evacuation at Dunkirk
British troops await evacuation at Dunkirk
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  • 1940 World War II: In the Le Paradis massacre, 97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops
  • 1941 FDR declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor
  • 1941 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • 1942 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich is mortally wounded by a grenade thrown by Czech rebels in Prague during Operation Anthropoid; he would die a week later

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • 1943 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • 1944 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • 1944 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • 1948 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
  • 1950 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Wallace Stevens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1952 European Defense Community forms
  • 1953 Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections
  • 1956 French raid in Algiers
  • 1956 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)

USALittle Rock Crisis

1958 Ernest Green becomes the 1st African-American to graduate from Little Rock's Central High School

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The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
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  • 1958 Vanguard SLV-1 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1958 Maiden flight of the F-4 Phantom II
  • 1960 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
  • 1961 1st black light is sold

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1963 Jomo Kenyatta elected 1st Prime Minister of Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1966 55th German F-104 Starfighter crashes
  • 1966 6 French fighters crash above Spain
  • 1967 Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians and count them in the national census
  • 1968 The meeting of the Union Nationale des Étudiants de France (National Union of the Students of France) takes place. 30,000 to 50,000 people gather in the Stade Sebastien Charlety.
  • 1970 British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal, 10th highest mountain
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 Rick Wohlhuter runs record 880 yards in 1:44.6
  • 1975 Worst motor vehicle disaster in UK; bus full of elderly women plunge into Dibble's Bridge Yorkshire, killing 38

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Pope John Paul II ordains John J O'Connor as a bishop

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980 South Korean police ends people's uprising; 2,000 killed
  • 1980 The Gwangju Massacre: South Korean airborne and army troops retake city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 possibly many more

Assassination AttemptRonald Reagan is Shot

1981 John Hinckley attempts suicide by overdosing on Tylenol

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The scene moments after John Hinckley, Jr. attempted to assassinate President Reagan on March 30, 1981
The scene moments after John Hinckley, Jr. attempted to assassinate President Reagan on March 30, 1981
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  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 Former EPA official Rita Lavelle indicted for contempt of Congress
  • 1984 Beth Henley's "Miss Firecracker contest" premieres in NYC
  • 1985 Britain agrees to return Hong Kong to China in 1997

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Inaugural bands parade for President Reagan

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1986 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1986 Norway Showcase groundbreaking
  • 1986 President Reagan orders 2 Poseidon-class submarines be dismantled
  • 1988 Senate ratified a treaty eliminating medium-range nuclear missiles
  • 1990 Caesar Gaviria Trujillo chosen President of Colombia

Birthdays in History

Person of interestIbn Khaldūn

1332 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis (d. 1406)

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1519 Girolamo Mei, Italian historian and editor of Greek texts, born in Florence (d. 1594)
  • 1576 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar and controversialist, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany (d. 1649)
  • 1595 Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer (d. 1666)
  • 1601 Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary and martyr, born in Dieppe, Normandie, France (d. 1648)
  • 1626 William II, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, born in The Hague, Dutch Republic (d. 1650)
  • 1651 Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French bishop and cardinal, born in Auvergne, France (d. 1729)
  • 1652 Elisabeth Charlotte "Liselotte", German-French duchess of Orleans, born in Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1722)
  • 1738 Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (6th President of the Confederation Congress), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1796)
  • 1756 Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria, born in Schwetzingen, Baden (d. 1825)
  • 1774 Francis Beaufort, Irish admiral and hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale), born in Navan, County Meath, Ireland (d. 1857)

Person of interestCornelius Vanderbilt

1794 Cornelius Vanderbilt, American shipping and railroad magnate (New York Central Railroad), born in Port Richmond, New York (d. 1877)

Business Magnate Cornelius Vanderbilt
Business Magnate
Cornelius Vanderbilt
  • 1815 Henry Parkes, Australian politician (longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales), born in Canley, Warwickshire, England (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, American reformer who campaigned for temperance and women’s rights, born in Homer, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1819 Julia Ward Howe, American poet and author (Battle Hymn of the Republic), born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1820 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1904)
  • 1823 John Gray Foster, American Major General (Union Army), born in Whitefield, New Hampshire (d. 1874)
  • 1827 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Franklin, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1836 Edwin Gray Lee, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Shepherdstown, Virginia (d. 1870)
  • 1836 Jay Gould, American railroad developer and speculator, born in Roxbury, New York (d. 1892)

Person of interestWild Bill Hickok

1837 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • 1837 Robert Hoke, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • 1837 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, born in Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1887)
  • 1850 Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
  • 1854 Georges Eekhoud, Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal, born in Portimão, Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1861 Victoria Earle Matthews, American author and activist, born in Fort Valley, Georgia (d. 1907)
  • 1864 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), born in Split, Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1867 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England (d. 1931)
  • 1871 Georges Rouault, French expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • 1874 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Eros Thanatos), born in Brno, Czech Republic (d. 1942)
  • 1876 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Hans Lammers, German SS officer and Nazi politician, born in Lublinitz, Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1881 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), born in Crossen/Oder, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia (now in Poland) (d. 1969)
  • 1887 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends) (d. 1918)
  • 1887 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), born in Berlin (d. 1942)
  • 1893 Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian, born in Essen, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1894 Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon), born in St. Mary's County, Maryland (d. 1961)
  • 1894 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), born in Courbevoie, Seine, France (d. 1961)
  • 1897 John Cockcroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951), born in Todmorden, Yorkshire, England (d. 1967)
  • 1900 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, born in Makaszy, Nesvizh, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1901 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), born in McFarland, Wisconsin (d. 1962)
  • 1906 Robert Shone, British economist and director-general (NEDC), born in Birkenhead, Cheshire (d. 1992)

Person of interestRachel Carson

1907 Rachel Carson, American marine biologist, conservationist and writer (Silent Spring), born in Springdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)

Marine Biologist and Writer Rachel Carson
Marine Biologist and Writer
Rachel Carson
  • 1908 Melle Oldeboerrigter, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1976)
  • 1910 Daniel Greenway, CEO (Daniel Greenway & Sons)

Person of interestHubert Humphrey

1911 Hubert Humphrey, American politician, 38th Vice President of the United States (1965-69), and 1968 Presidential candidate, born in Wallace, South Dakota (d. 1978)

US Vice President Hubert Humphrey
US Vice President
Hubert Humphrey
  • 1911 Torolf Elster, Norwegian journalist and writer (Frihet och demokrati), born in Kristiania, Norway (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Teddy Kollek, Israeli politician (Mayor of Jerusalem), born in Nagyvázsony, Hungary (d. 2007)
  • 1912 John Cheever, American writer (Wapshot Chronicle, Pulitzer), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 1982)
  • 1913 Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, Anglican bishop (Southwark England), born in Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Wols [Alfred Otto Wolfgang Schulze], German cartoonist and painter, born in Berlin (d. 1951)
  • 1914 Frederick Erroll, 1st Baron Erroll of Hale, British Conservative politician, born in London (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Ross Stainton, CEO (British Airways), born in Whitstable, England (d. 2011)
  • 1915 Herman Wouk, American novelist (The Caine Mutiny, Winds of War), born in NYC, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1916 Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
  • 1918 Yasuhiro Nakasone, premier of Japan (1982-87)
  • 1920 Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
  • 1920 William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
  • 1921 Caryl Chessman, kidnapper who got death penalty (1960)
  • 1922 Sidney AK Keyes, English poet (Iron Laurel)

Person of interestHenry Kissinger

1923 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1923 Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
  • 1923 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller, born in Graz Austria
  • 1925 Vere Harmsworth, 3rd Viscount Rothermere, English press magnate (The Mail on Sunday), born in London, England (d. 1998)
  • 1925 Tony Hillerman, American writer (Navajo Tribal Police), born in Sacred Heart Oklahoma,
  • 1927 Bryan Cowgill, deputy chairman (Mirror Group)
  • 1927 Jan Blokker, Dutch writer/journalist (VPRO, People's Newspaper)
  • 1930 John Barth, novelist (Sot-Weed Factor)
  • 1930 William S. Sessions, American director of FBI (1987-93), born in Fort Smith, Arkansas (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Florence Sharples, director (British YWCA)
  • 1931 John Chapple, British chief of General Staff
  • 1931 James Wilson, criminologist ('Zero Tolerance' policing), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Jeffrey Bernard, British writer (Spectator Magazine - Low Life), born in Hampstead, london (d. 1997)
  • 1933 Ted Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur
  • 1936 Benjamin Bathurst, vice chief of British Defense Staff
  • 1936 Lord Holme, president British Liberal Party
  • 1936 Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
  • 1937 Andrei Bitov, Russian writer (Pushkin House), born in Leningrad, Russia (d. 2018)
  • 1939 Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)
  • 1939 Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • 1941 Adriaan Venema, Dutch journalist/author (Mussert)
  • 1942 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • 1942 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • 1944 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • 1947 Peter DeFazio, American politician, Rep-D-Oregon (1987-), born in Needham, Massachusetts
  • 1947 Felix Dennis, English publisher and poet (Dennis Publishing), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England (d. 2014)
  • 1947 Henry McMaster, American politician, Governor of South Carolina (2017-), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1948 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-8, T-14, TM-7)
  • 1951 Norma Jean Almodovar, American author (Cop to Call Girl) and sex worker activist, born in Binghampton, New York
  • 1954 Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
  • 1956 Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
  • 1957 Siouxsie Sioux [Susan Ballion], Kent England (Siouxsie & Banshees)
  • 1959 Donna Strickland, Canadian physicist (Nobel Prize 2018 laser beams), born in Guelph, Ontario
  • 1962 Steven Brill, American film writer and director
  • 1968 Rebekah Brooks, English journalist (implicated in News International phone hacking scandal), born in Warrington, England
  • 1970 Tim Farron, British politician
  • 1971 Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
  • 1971 Kaur Kender, Estonian author
  • 1971 Glenn Ross, Northern Irish strongman

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1916 Naval commander Karl Donitz (24) weds nurse Ingeborg Weber

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz

LoveWedding of Interest

1929 Aviator Charles Lindbergh (27) weds author Anne Morrow (22) in Englewood, New Jersey

Aviator Charles Lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh
Aviator and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviator and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh

LoveWedding of Interest

1980 President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier (28) weds Michele Bennett in Haiti

Dictator and President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier

LoveWedding of Interest

1994 Radio personality Rush Limbaugh (43) weds wife No. 3, aerobic instructor Marta Fitzgerald (35), at the home of US Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas; divorced 2004

Radio Personality and Author Rush Limbaugh
Radio Personality and Author
Rush Limbaugh
  • 2005 "Amazing Race 6" winner Kendra Bentley (25) weds Freddy Holliday (34) in Bal Harbour, Florida
  • 2006 "The Lineup" anchor Kimberly Guilfoyle (37) weds "Idesign" host Eric Villency at the 5-star Sandy Lane Resort in St. James, Barbados

Deaths in History

  • 366 Procopius, Roman usurper (b. 326)
  • 866 Ordono I, King of Asturia (850-66), dies
  • 927 Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (b. 864 or 865)
  • 1039 Dirk III Hierosolymita, Count of Holland, dies
  • 1178 Godfried van Rhenen, bishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1444 John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (b. 1404)

Person of interestLudovico Sforza

1508 Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan, dies at 55

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1525 Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader
  • 1541 Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, beheaded at 67 for treason in Tower of London by Henry VIII
  • 1549 Lijsbeth Dirksdr, Fries antabaptist, drowns

Person of interestJohn Calvin

1564 John Calvin [Jehan Cauvin], Protestant religious reformer and theologian (Calvinism), dies at 54 (b. 1509)

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • 1569 François de Coligny d'Andelot, French general (Jarnac) and Ruler of van Andelot, dies at 48
  • 1576 Louis de Boisot, Dutch admiral, drowns at about 44
  • 1580 Jonker Barthold Entens van Mentheda until Middelstum, dies
  • 1596 Tibaldi II, Italian painter/sculptor/architect, dies
  • 1610 François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)
  • 1615 Margaret de Valois, 1st Queen of Henry IV of France (1672-99) daughter of Henry II, dies at 61
  • 1627 Eberhard Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer, dies at 73
  • 1661 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
  • 1675 Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
  • 1702 Dominique Bouhours, French critic (b. 1628)
  • 1707 Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. 1640)
  • 1768 Johann M Fleischmann, German/Dutch stamp/letter designer, dies
  • 1770 Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, Queen consort of Denmark and Norway (1730-46), dies at 69
  • 1781 Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist, dies at 64
  • 1790 Jeremiah Carlton, laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed & stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
  • 1797 Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf, French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1831 Jedediah Smith, American explorer (b. 1799)
  • 1848 Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom, 5th daughter of King George III, dies at 70
  • 1855 Nikolaj Bestuzhev, Russian Navy officer, writer and painter (Decembrist revolt), dies at 64
  • 1863 Edward Payson Chapin, Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 1876 Joseph Bosworth, lexicographer/scholar, dies
  • 1887 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer, dies at 86
  • 1896 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologist, philosopher and art historian, dies at 65
  • 1896 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)
  • 1902 Jan van Droogenbroeck, Flemish poet, dies

Person of interestRobert Koch

1910 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), dies at 66

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Robert Koch
  • 1914 Joseph Swan, English physicist and chemist (incandescent light bulb), dies at 85
  • 1916 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, dies at 67
  • 1918 Henry Adams, US literature historian (Esther), dies at 80
  • 1919 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social reformer from Andhra Pradesh, dies at 71
  • 1926 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1934 Meijer Linnewiel [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam street hawker, dies
  • 1939 Joseph Roth, Austria journalist (Fluctuate ohne Ende), dies at 44
  • 1941 AH Borgesius, tutor/experimentator/amateur astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1949 Ropert L Ripley, cartoonist (Believe It or Not), dies at 55 in NY
  • 1951 Thomas Blamey, Australian general (WWI, WWII), dies at 67
  • 1954 Herzmanovsky-Orlando, writer, dies
  • 1958 Samuel Stritch, US cardinal/archbishop (Chicago), dies
  • 1960 James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator, dies at 82
  • 1963 Lambrakis, Greek EDA-parliament leader, murdered

Person of interestJawaharlal Nehru

1964 Jawaharlal Nehru, 1st Prime Minister of India (1947-64) and important leader of the Indian independence movement, dies of an assumed heart attack at 74

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • 1967 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (b. 1889)
  • 1970 Emmy van Lokhorst, author, dies at 78
  • 1986 Gaston Duribreux, Flemish writer (Sour Dove), dies at 82
  • 1986 Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1987 John H. Northrop, American biochemist (crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)), dies at 95
  • 1989 Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (b. 1907)
  • 1990 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (44th Governor of New Jersey), dies at 81
  • 1991 Ed Dodd, cartoonist (Mark Trail), dies at 88
  • 1992 Daniel Robberechts, Belgian writer (Aankomen in Avignon), dies at 55
  • 1992 Tony "Big Tuna" Accardo, American mobster (St Valentine's Day) and boss of the Chicago Outfit, dies of respiratory and heart conditions at 86
  • 1992 Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (b. 1890)
  • 1994 Norman Cook, British museum curator, dies at 87
  • 1994 Theo Swagemakers, portrait painter, dies at 95
  • 1996 Jack Massey, groundsman, dies at 85
  • 1999 Alice Adams, American author (Beautiful Girl), dies at 72
  • 2000 Crawford Murray MacLehose of Beoch, British statesman (b. 1917)
  • 2000 Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Alex Toth, American cartoonist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Rob Borsellino, American columnist (b. 1949)
  • 2007 Ed Yost, American inventor of the modern hot air balloon and known as "Father of the Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon.", dies at 87
  • 2008 Franz Künstler, Last remaining Austro-Hungarian Empire World War I veteran (b. 1900)

Person of interestClive Granger

2009 Clive Granger, Welsh-born British economist (Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences 2003), dies at 74

Economist Clive Granger
Clive Granger
  • 2014 Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director and writer (Apple Trees; Germany, Pale Mother), dies of cancer at 73
  • 2018 Connie Kurtz, American Gay Rights advocate, dies at 81
  • 2020 Larry Kramer, American playwright and AIDS activist, dies at 84