On This Day

On This Day in History for May 5

Events in History

  • 553 2nd Council of Constantinople (5th ecumenical council) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1260 Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1430 Jews are expelled from Speyer, Germany

DiscoveryVoyage of Discovery

1494 On 2nd voyage to New World Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica, landing at Discovery Bay

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1640 English Short Parliament rises

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1646 King Charles I surrenders in Scotland

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1665 Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow
  • 1762 Russia & Prussia sign Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years' War
  • 1764 Smolny Institute forms in St Petersburg for noble girls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 George Washington appoints Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben Inspector General of the Continental Army

Major General of the Continental Army Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
Major General of the Continental Army
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1789 French Estates-General meets for the first time since 1614 at Versailles, summoned King Louis XVI

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre commissioned to measure the meridian between Dunkerque to Rodez to calculate accurate length of the metre

Mathematician and Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician and Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1809 Citizenship is denied to Jews of Aargau Canton, Switzerland
  • 1809 Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent for weaving straw
  • 1814 British attack Fort Ontario, Oswego, New York
  • 1816 American Bible Society organized in New York

  • 1835 King Leopold I of Belgium opens Brussels-Mechelen railway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1840 Thomas Carlyle begins his famous lecture series "The Hero as Divinity", later collected in his book "On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History"

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1842 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1847 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1854 British Commodore James Plumridge attacks Finnish settlements in Gulf of Bothnia, killing civilans and destroying British-owned goods.
  • 1855 New York City regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
  • 1861 Alexandria, Virginia - Confederate troops abandon the city
  • 1862 French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • 1862 Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: 5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
  • 1864 Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
  • 1864 Battle of Wilderness, Virginia (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
  • 1864 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga to Atlanta
  • 1865 1st US train robbery (North Bend, Ohio)
  • 1870 The British and Foreign Society for Improving the Embossed Literature of the Blind adopts Braille as best format for blind people
  • 1874 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • 1881 Anti-Jewish rioting in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1886 The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as militia fires upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.

Historic CommunicationPanic of 1893

1893 Panic of 1893 causes a large crash on the NY Stock Exchange

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The panicked scene at the New York Stock Exchange on the infamous morning of Friday, 5 May, 1893
The panicked scene at the New York Stock Exchange on the infamous morning of Friday, 5 May, 1893
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  • 1905 Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"

BoatGreat White Fleet

1908 Great White Fleet arrives in San Francisco

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American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
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  • 1912 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
  • 1915 German U-20 captures and sinks Britsih schooner Earl of Lathom
  • 1916 US Marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • 1917 Eugene Bullard gains his pilot's license from Aéro-Club de France and becomes the 1st African-American military pilot (French Air Service)
  • 1920 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • 1920 Polish troops occupy Kiev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 US President Woodrow Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Italian migrant anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti charged with murder of a paymaster at a US shoe factory in Massachusetts, both are later executed
  • 1921 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
  • 1921 Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Perfume Chanel No. 5 released by fashion designer Coco Chanel

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel
  • 1924 Unions terminate Twentse textile strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Dayton teacher John T. Scopes arrested for teaching evolution in Tennessee

Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution John T. Scopes
Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution
John T. Scopes
  • 1925 Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.
  • 1926 Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Amy Johnson takes off - first woman to fly solo from England to Australia

Aviator Amy Johnson
Amy Johnson
  • 1932 Japan & China sign a peace treaty
  • 1936 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip
  • 1936 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa
  • 1940 Norwegian government-in-exile forms in London
  • 1941 2 Fokker employees flee Nazi occupied Netherlands to England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1941 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)
  • 1942 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • 1942 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • 1943 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Mahatma Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1944 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • 1945 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron
  • 1945 Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • 1945 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • 1945 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

BattleBattle of Interest

1945 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1947 Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 & causes $850M in damage
  • 1947 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King's Men)
  • 1948 1st squadron of jet aircraft aboard a carrier
  • 1949 Statute of Council of Europe drawn up

CrownRoyal Coronation

1950 Bhumibol Adulyadej crowned King Rama IX of Thailand in the Royal Palace in Bangkok

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1952 Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk for this novel "The Caine Mutiny"
  • 1954 Military coup in Paraguay led by general Alfredo Stroessner
  • 1955 Indian parliament accepts Hindu divorce
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
  • 1955 West Germany is granted full sovereignty by its three occupying powers
  • 1956 Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif
  • 1957 Adolf Scharf elected president of Austria
  • 1958 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for Death in the Family
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1961 Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)
  • 1964 Separatists riot in Quebec
  • 1965 First large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Armies of the Night)

Novelist Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
  • 1971 Race riot in Brownsville section of Brooklyn (NYC)
  • 1972 Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo Sicily; killing 115
  • 1975 Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara for historical novel "Killer Angels"
  • 1975 A's release pinch runner Herb Washington, who played 104 games without batting, pitching, or fielding. He did steal 30 bases and score 33 runs.
  • 1976 Train collision at Schiedam, Netherlands, kills 24
  • 1979 Masterpiece Radio Theater begins broadcasting
  • 1979 Voyager 1 passes Jupiter
  • 1980 Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends as the SAS and police storm the building
  • 1980 Konstantinos Karamanlis is elected for the first time President of Greece
  • 1981 After 66 days on hunger strike, 26 year old Provisional IRA member and British MP Bobby Sands dies in the Maze Prision. Nine more hunger strikers die in the next 3 months.

Birthdays in History

  • 1210 Afonso III, King of Portugal (1248-79), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1279)
  • 1352 Rupert, King of Germany (1400-10), born in Amberg, Germany (d. 1410)
  • 1479 Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru, born in Amritsar, Punjab, India (d. 1574)
  • 1546 Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician, born in St Mary the Great, Cambridge, England (d. 1623)
  • 1557 Emanuel Philibert de Lalaing, Baron of Montigny and Marquis of Renty, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1590)
  • 1635 Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L'amant indiscreet), born in Paris (d. 1688)
  • 1741 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), born near Churchville, Maryland (d. 1810)

Person of interestLeopold II

1747 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1792)

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1764 Robert Craufurd, British general, born in Newark Castle, Ayrshire (d. 1812)
  • 1800 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1864)
  • 1804 Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1855)
  • 1815 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1817 George Washington Julian, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, born in Centerville, Indiana (d. 1899)

Person of interestKarl Marx

1818 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1823 James Allen Hardie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1826 Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of France (1853-71), born in Granada, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1920)
  • 1830 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1906)
  • 1832 Hubert Howe Bancroft, American historian, ethnologist (History of Pacific States), born in Granville, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1833 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer and explorer, born in Carlsruhe, Prussian Silesia (d. 1905)
  • 1834 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1873)
  • 1846 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), born in Wola Okrzejska, Poland (d. 1916)
  • 1849 Hambletonian, greatest standardbred horse, born in Chester, New York
  • 1862 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • 1863 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)

Person of interestNellie Bly

1865 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), born in Cochran’s Mills, Pennsylvania (d. 1922)

Journalist and Adventurer Nellie Bly
Journalist and Adventurer
Nellie Bly
  • 1866 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist, born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1938)
  • 1882 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1883 Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British general, born in Colchester, Essex, England (d. 1950)
  • 1885 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State) (d. 1951)
  • 1887 Geoffrey Fisher, Baron Fisher of Lambeth, Archbishop of Canterbury (1945-61), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Christopher Morley, American author (Kitty Foil), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1957)
  • 1900 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1903 James Beard, American culinary expert and author (Delights & Prejudices), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National & Black Front, born in Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1905 Robert Houben, Belgian politician (Minister of Public health 1958), born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Kenneth Muir, English scholar, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Jacques Massu, French general who led Battle of Algiers, born in Châlons-sur-Marne (d. 2002)
  • 1908 Kurt Böhme, German bass, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Miklós Radnóti, Hungarian poet (Clouded Sky), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • 1910 William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WWII)
  • 1911 Philip Manson-Bahr, English zoologist and specialist in tropical medicine, born in Wavertree, Liverpool, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Fenton Morley, British parish priest who chaired the Church of England Morley Commission, born in Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Richard Rovere, American political journalist (Goldwater Caper), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1979)
  • 1916 Zail Singh, Indian politician (7th President of India 1982-87), born in Sandhwan, British India (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (head of the military coup d'état that took place in Greece on 21 April 1967), born in Elaiohori, Greece (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Hidalgo Moya, American architect and designer (Skylon), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)

Person of interestArthur Leonard Schawlow

1921 Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work with lasers, born in Mount Vernon, New York (d. 1999)

  • 1923 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (deeply engaged with issues that were central to the visual arts), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Leo Ryan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1978)
  • 1925 Mykola Plaviuk, Ukrainian president (1978-81), born in Rusiv, Ukraine (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Michael J. Adams, USAF pilot (X-15), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Greg [Michel Régnier], Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon), born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • 1937 Rob Van Gennep, Dutch publisher, born in Wassenaar, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1939 James R. Jones, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Ambassador to Mexico), born in Muskogee, Oklahoma
  • 1945 Jiří Svoboda, Czech director and politician (2nd Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia), born in Kladno, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1945 Rodney H. Pardey, American poker player (2 x World Series of Poker C'ships; World Series of Poker Bracelets 1991, 94), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2020)
  • 1955 Robert Feld, National Scrabble Champion (1990), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1958 Ron Arad, Israeli Air Force weapon systems officer (WSO) who is officially classified as missing in action since October 1986, born in Hod HaSharon, Israel
  • 1961 Mike Dunleavy, American politician, Governor of Alaska (2018-), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1970 Naomi Klein, Canadian author (This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate) and activist, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1970 Soheil Ayari, French-Iranian racer, born in Aix-les-Bains, Savoie, France
  • 1988 Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (attempting to become the youngest person to fly a light utility aircraft across the United States), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1990 Tatiana Celia Kennedy Schlossberg, American daughter of Caroline, born in NYC, New York

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1761 Jurist William Blackstone (37) weds Sarah Clitherow

  • 1797 Napoleon I's sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi

LoveWedding of Interest

1885 Author Gerhart Hauptmann (22) weds Marie Thienemann

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

LoveWedding of Interest

1963 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein (26) weds teacher Sajida Talfah (26)

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein

Deaths in History

  • 200 Sun Ce, warlord of the Han Dynasty (b. 175)
  • 311 Galerius, Emperor of Rome (305-311) ended persecution of Christianity in the East, dies of disease
  • 984 Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1028 Alfonso V, King of Leon/Galicia (999-1028), dies in battle
  • 1061 Humbert of Silva Candida, French abbot and cardinal whose bull of excommunication began the Great Schism, dies (b. c. 1000)
  • 1194 Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138
  • 1219 King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)
  • 1309 Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies
  • 1316 Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, youngest daughter of King Edward I and Queen Eleanor of Castile, dies at 33
  • 1504 Anton of Burgundy, the Great Bastard, knight, dies at about 82
  • 1525 Frederick III [Frederick the Wise], Elector of Saxony (1486-25) who protected his subject Martin Luther, dies at 62
  • 1582 Charlotte de Bourbon, Princess of Orange, dies
  • 1586 Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1529)
  • 1672 Samuel Cooper, English painter (b. 1609)
  • 1678 Anna M van Schurman, Dutch poet/spoke 10 languages, dies at about 70
  • 1705 Leopold I, Emperor of Holy Roman Empire (1658-1704), dies at 64
  • 1766 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1801 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter and engraver, dies at 74
  • 1808 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist, dies at 50
  • 1811 Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)

Person of interestNapoléon Bonaparte

1821 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena, officially from stomach cancer but rumours of arsenic poisoning persist

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1827 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27), dies at 76
  • 1855 Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (b. 1786)
  • 1859 Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 1864 Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at 44
  • 1864 John Marshall Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 43
  • 1864 Leroy Augustus Stafford, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 42
  • 1886 Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61
  • 1892 August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)
  • 1896 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)
  • 1900 Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • 1901 Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Parsi entrepreneur and founder of the first textile mills in India, dies at 77
  • 1902 Bret Harte, American author (Outcasts of Poker Flat), dies at 65
  • 1909 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • 1921 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), dies at 56
  • 1921 William Friese-Greene, British photographer and inventor (motion pictures), dies at 65
  • 1927 Charles Boissevain, Dutch editor of Amsterdam Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908), dies at 84
  • 1941 Natalija Obrenović, Queen of Serbia (b. 1859)
  • 1942 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • 1944 Bertha Benz [Cacilie Bertha Ringer], German inventor, automotive pioneer and wife of fellow automotive inventor Karl Benz, dies at 95
  • 1945 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • 1945 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die during World War II on US soil when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that lands in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • 1956 Karel Rudolph Gallas, Dutch lexicographer (French Dictionary), dies at 88
  • 1958 James Branch Cabell, American novelist and essayist (Restless Heads), dies at 79

Person of interestCarlos Saavedra Lamas

1959 Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), dies at 80

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • 1963 Jacobus JP Old, architect/co-founder (Stijl), dies at 73
  • 1971 Harry Moorman, Dutch vice-admiral (KVP), dies at 71
  • 1971 Petro Scaglione, Italian procureur-general, killed by Mafia
  • 1971 Violet Jessop, Titanic survivor (b. 1887)
  • 1976 Thomas Burnett Swann, American sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), dies at 47
  • 1977 Ludwig Erhard, German minister of Economic Affairs (CDU), dies at 80
  • 1980 Edmond Vandercammen, French-Belgian painter and poet (Grand Combat), dies at 79
  • 1981 Bobby Sands, Irish IRA activist dies in the 66th day of his hunger strike at 26
  • 1983 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician, dies at 77
  • 1985 Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)
  • 1988 Tamara Pos, Suriname/Dutch activist
  • 1988 Michael Shaara, American author (Killer angels), dies of a heart attack at 59
  • 1992 Stefano d'Arrigo, Siciilian writer, dies at 72
  • 1993 Balak Brahmachari [Marxist Godman], Indies guru, dies at 73
  • 1993 Irving Howe, American writer and critic (Dissent), dies at 72
  • 1993 Lenore Kingston Jenson, dies of cancer at 79
  • 1993 Dermot Boyle, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, dies at 88
  • 1994 Hein Salomonson, architect, dies at about 83
  • 1994 Joe Layton, American director (Richard Pryor Live on Sunset Strip), dies at 63
  • 1995 Anthony Wagner, Officer of Arms at the College of Arms in London, dies at 86
  • 1995 Bernard Benjamin Gillis, judge, dies at 89
  • 1995 James Pack, naval officer museum curator, dies at 81
  • 1995 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer (float glass), dies at 75
  • 1996 Ai Qing, Chinese poet, dies at 86
  • 2001 Cliff Hillegass, American publisher (Cliffsnotes), dies at 83
  • 2002 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs, dies at 98
  • 2003 Walter Sisulu, South African activist (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Joep de Boer, Dutch naval officer and politician (CDA), dies at 81
  • 2007 Theodore Harold Maiman, American Inventor and engineer (created 1st working laser), dies at 79
  • 2008 Irv Robbins, Canadian-American entrepreneur (co-founded the Baskin-Robbins ice cream parlor chain), dies at 90
  • 2011 Claude Choules, last surviving World War I veteran (b. 1901)
  • 2013 Sarah Kirsch, German poet, dies at 78
  • 2018 Aaron D. Panken, American rabbi, dies in a plane crash at 53
  • 2018 Rosemarie Schruder, German writer, dies at 89
  • 2018 Stanley Falkow, American microbiologist (molecular mechanisms of infectious diseases), dies at 84
  • 2018 Ludwig Harig, German writer, dies at 90