On This Day

On This Day in History for May 6

Events in History


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

878 Battle of Edington: Alfred the Great and his West Saxon army defeat Viking army of Guthrum the Old [earliest possible date]

King of the Anglo-Saxons and King of Wessex Alfred the Great
King of the Anglo-Saxons and King of Wessex
Alfred the Great
  • 1312 Pope Clement V closes Council of Vienna
  • 1527 Spanish & German Imperial troops sack Rome; ending Renaissance

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1529 Battle at Gogra: Mughal Emperor Babur beats Afghans and Bengals

Founder of the Mughal Empire Babur
Founder of the Mughal Empire
Babur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1541 King Henry VIII orders a bible in English be placed in every church in England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1542 Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, then capital of Portuguese India
  • 1598 Archduke Albrecht & Isabella become rulers of the Southern Netherlands
  • 1604 Leon VII Spanish poet's first poem is published: La Cocina
  • 1626 Dutch colonist Peter Minuit organizes the purchase of Manhattan Island from Native Americans for 60 guilders worth of goods, believed to have been Canarsee Indians of the Lenape
  • 1642 Ville Marie (Montreal) forms
  • 1644 Johan Mauritius resigns as governor of Brazil
  • 1672 Brandenburg monarch Frederik Willem signs treaty with Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1753 French King Louis XV observes transit of Mercury at Mendon Castle
  • 1757 Battle of Prague: Frederick II of Prussia's forces defeat Austrian army
  • 1787 1st African American Masonic Lodge (African # 459) forms Prince Hall, Boston

  • 1794 Haiti, under Toussaint L'Ouverture, revolts against France
  • 1804 Suriname sold to Great Britain (until Feb 1816)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1835 James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald (price 1 cent).

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 US blacksmith John Deere creates the first steel plough in Grand Detour, Illinois

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere

Historic PublicationPenny Black

1840 World's first adhesive postage stamp, the "Penny Black", is first used in Great Britain
Learn More >>

The Penny Black stamp featured Queen Victoria
The Penny Black stamp featured Queen Victoria
  • 1844 Johan Thorbecke argues general right to vote
  • 1848 Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
  • 1851 Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
  • 1851 Linus Yale patents Yale lock
  • 1851 New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
  • 1851 San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
  • 1853 1st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
  • 1860 San Francisco Olympic Club, 1st US athletic club forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi's Mille sets sail from Genoa to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1861 Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th states to secede from US
  • 1864 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, fought in Virginia begins (Battle of Port Walthall Junction), Union victory (US Civil War)

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Wilderness, fought in Virginia, Confederate General James Longstreet seriously injured (Overland Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Union Army General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia during the Atlanta Campaign (US Civil War)

  • 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act: US Congress ceases Chinese immigration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 Epping Forest, England, dedicated by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria

  • 1882 Thomas Henry Burke and Lord Frederick Cavendish are stabbed and killed during the Phoenix Park Murders in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris opens with the recently completed Eiffel Tower serving as the entrance arch

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • 1891 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • 1896 Samuel Pierpont Langley flies his unpiloted Number 5 aircraft using a catapult launch from a boat on the Potomac River, USA. The aircraft travels almost 3/4 of a mile - ten times further than any previous heavier-than-air flying machine.
  • 1902 British SS Camorta sinks off Rangoon; 739 die
  • 1902 Zulu assault at Holkrantz, South Africa
  • 1904 American Lung Association holds its 1st meeting
  • 1906 "Temporary" permit to erect overhead wires on Market Street, San Francisco allows United Railroads to run electric streetcars

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)

  • 1909 Indian nationalist Sri Aurobindo acquitted in the Alipore Bomb Case in Calcutta, India

Meeting of InterestNine Kings in One Room

1910 George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII
Learn More >>

Nine sovereigns of Europe meet at the funeral of Edward VII
Nine sovereigns of Europe meet at the funeral of Edward VII
  • 1913 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • 1914 British House of Lords rejects women's suffrage
  • 1915 German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland
  • 1915 The Allies on Cape Helles launch three attacks to enlarge their beachheads; after terrible losses, they advance about three miles
  • 1916 Belgian troops march into Kigali, German East Africa
  • 1919 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; German East Africa is assigned to Britain and France, German South West Africa to South Africa
  • 1929 AL announces it will discontinue MVP award
  • 1929 New York to San Francisco footrace begins
  • 1933 Italy & USSR sign trade agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 British King George V & Queen Mary celebrate silver jubilee

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1935 Pulitzer prize awarded to Audrey Wurdemann (Bright Ambush)

Hindenburg Disaster Ends the Age of ZeppelinsHindenburg Disaster Ends the Age of Zeppelins

1937 German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, New Jersey, killing 35 of the 97 on board and 1 on the ground
Read the Article >>

The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
  • 1938 Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for "offending a friendly head of state" (Adolf Hitler)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Steinbeck for "The Grapes of Wrath"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Joseph Stalin becomes Premier of the Soviet Union, replacing his foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 At California's March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show

Entertainer Bob Hope
Entertainer
Bob Hope
  • 1942 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • 1943 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • 1944 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO
  • 1945 General Johannes Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
  • 1945 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • 1946 Pulitzer prize awarded to Arthur M Schlesinger (Age of Jackson)"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Roger Bannister of the UK becomes the 1st person to run a 4 minute mile, recording 3:59:4 at Iffley Road, Oxford

Middle-Distance Runner Roger Bannister
Middle-Distance Runner
Roger Bannister
  • 1955 West Germany joins NATO
  • 1956 Gus Bell (Reds) homers off Bob Miller in both ends of a double header
  • 1957 Italian government of Antonio Segni resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Pulitzer prize awarded to John F. Kennedy (Profiles in Courage)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1959 Iceland gunboats shoot at British fishing vessels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1960 Students attack Dutch embassy in Jakarta
  • 1960 Trotsky's murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader) freed in Mexico
  • 1961 Omer Vanaudenhove chosen chairman of Belgium Liberal Party
  • 1962 1st nuclear warhead fired from Polaris submarine (Ethan Allen)
  • 1962 Antonio Segni elected President of Italy
  • 1962 Pathet Lao breaks cease fire and conquer Nam Tha Laos
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1963 Pulitzer prize awarded to Barbara Tuchman (Guns of August)
  • 1964 Joe Orton's play "Entertaining Mr Sloan" premieres in London
  • 1965 Lawry & Simpson complete opening stand of 382 against W Indies
  • 1966 Canadian Minister of Finance announces a $20 Centennial gold coin
  • 1966 Most runs scored in 11th inning (9) Phils score 5 to beat Pirates 8-7
  • 1966 Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to life imprisonment for the Moors Murders in England
  • 1967 400 students seize administration building at Cheyney State College, Pennsylvania
  • 1967 Zakir Husain elected 1st Muslim president of India
  • 1968 Street battle between students & troops in Paris, 1,000 injured
  • 1968 Giants reliever Lindy McDaniel sets NL record of 225th consecutive errorless game (108 chances consecutively since June 16, 1964)
  • 1968 Spain closes border to Gibraltar except to Spaniards

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark announces an amnesty for all offences associated with demonstrations since 5 October 1968, resulting in the release of, among others, Ian Paisley and Ronald Bunting

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
  • 1970 Yuchiro Miura of Japan skis down Mt Everest
  • 1970 Irish Prime Minister Jack Lynch sacks two ministers in the Irish government over allegations of illegal arms importation
  • 1972 Deniz Gezmiş, Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin İnan are executed in Ankara for attempting to overthrow the Constitutional order
  • 1973 1st WHA championship, New England Whalers beat Win Jets, 4 games to 1
  • 1974 Bundy victim Roberta Parks disappears from OSU, Corvallis, Ore

Birthdays in History

  • 973 Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (1014-24) and King of Germany (1002-24), born in Abbach, Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1024)
  • 1397 Sejong the Great, 4th King of Joseon (1418-50), born in Hanseong, Kingdom of Joseon (d. 1450)
  • 1501 Marcellus II [Marcello Cervini], Italian humanist and Pope (1555, 22 days), born in Montefano, Marche, Papal States (d. 1555)
  • 1574 Innocent X [Giambattista Pamfili], 236th Pope (1644-55), born in Rome (d. 1655)
  • 1581 Frans Francken the Younger, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1642)
  • 1606 Lorenzo Lippi [Perlone Zipoli], Italian poet and painter, born in Florence (d. 1664)
  • 1638 Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, English politician and First Lord of the British Admiralty, born in Hadham Parva, Hertfordshire (d. 1696)
  • 1668 Alain-René Lesage, French author (Turcaret ou le Financier), born in Sarzeau, France (d. 1747)
  • 1713 Charles Batteux, French philosopher, born in Alland'Huy-et-Sausseuil, Ardennes (d. 1780)

Person of interestMaximilien Robespierre

1758 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), born in Arras, France (d. 1794)

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Revolutionary
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1759 François Andrieux, French playwright, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1833)
  • 1769 Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1790-1801), born in Florence (d. 1824)
  • 1786 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1800 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general, born in Volhynia (d. 1881)
  • 1801 George Sears Greene, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Apponaug, Rhode Island (d. 1899)
  • 1802 Wilhelm Schirmer, German landscape artist, born in Berlin (d. 1866)
  • 1806 Chapin A. Harris, American dentist who founded the America Society of Dental Surgeons, born in Pompey, New York (d. 1860)
  • 1812 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), born in Charles Town, Virginia (d. 1885)
  • 1813 Joseph Tarr Copeland, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in New Castle, Maine (d. 1893)
  • 1825 Joseph Bailey, American civil engineer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Morgan County, Ohio (d. 1867)
  • 1829 Phoebe Ann Coffin Hanaford, 1st female ordained minister in New England, born in Siasconset, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • 1843 Grove Karl Gilbert, American geologist (investigated Lake Bonneville, Utah), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1918)
  • 1849 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, born in Philipsburg, Quebec (d. 1896)

Person of interestRobert Peary

1856 Robert Peary, American arctic explorer (North Pole-Apr 6 1909), born in Cresson, Pennsylvania (d. 1920)

Arctic Explorer Robert Peary
Arctic Explorer
Robert Peary

Person of interestSigmund Freud

1856 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, born in Freiberg, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1859 Luis María Drago, Argentine statesman and author of Drago Doctrine, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1921)
  • 1859 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet (Act of Simple Justice), born in Amsterdam (d. 1938)
  • 1861 Motilal Nehru, Indian lawyer and freedom fighter, born in Agra, British India (d. 1931)
  • 1868 Władysław Reymont, Polish novelist (Chiopi, Nobel-1924), born in Kobiele Wielkie, Petrokov Governorate, Congress Poland (d. 1925)
  • 1869 Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian and general archivist, born in Bilzen, Belgium (d. 1947)

Person of interestAmadeo Giannini

1870 Amadeo Giannini, American banker and entrepreneur (founded Bank of America), born in San Jose, California (d. 1949)

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1870 John T. McCutcheon, American cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931), born in South Raub, Tippecanoe County, Indiana (d. 1949)
  • 1871 Christian Morgenstern, German poet (Ich und die Welt), born in Munich (d. 1914)
  • 1871 Victor Grignard, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - development of the Grignard reaction), born in Cherbourg, France (d. 1935)
  • 1872 Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist and cosmologist (developed theoretical models of the universe based on Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity), born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1934)
  • 1875 William D. Leahy, American admiral and chief of staff (1949), born in Hampton, Iowa (d. 1959)
  • 1879 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), born in Lysá nad Labem, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1952)
  • 1880 Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, British fieldmarshal, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • 1882 Wilhelm, the last Crown Prince of the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, born in Marmorpalais, Potsdam, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1883 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1955)
  • 1888 Emanuel Celler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1889 Stanley Morison, British typographer, born in Wanstead, Essex (d. 1967)
  • 1895 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (leading supporter of Nazism in Hungary), born in Szentgyörgy, Austria-Hungary (d. 1946)
  • 1895 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (The Man Who Counted), born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 1974)
  • 1897 Paul Alverdes, German writer (Pfeiferstube), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1979)
  • 1898 Daniel Frank Gerber, American manufacturer of baby food, born in Fremont, Michigan (d. 1974)
  • 1902 Walter Dawson, British Air Chief marshal (d. 1994)
  • 1902 Harry Golden, Jewish-American journalist and writer (Only in America), born in Mikulintsy, Ukraine (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Max Ophüls, German director (The Earrings of Madame de... ), born in Saarbrücken, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Harry Martinson, Swedish novelist and poet (Trade Wind-Nobel 1974), born in Jämshög, Sweden (d. 1978)
  • 1904 Moshé Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-Israeli engineer and physicist (founder of the Feldenkrais method), born in Slavuta, Russian Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1905 Bernard "Toots" Shor, New York restaurateur (Toots Shor's Restaurant), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1977)
  • 1906 André Weil, French mathematician (foundational work in number theory and algebraic geometry), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • 1906 Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (La Llamarada), born in Moca, Puerto Rico (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Loyd Sigmon, American amateur ("ham") radio broadcastor, born in Stigler, Oklahoma (d. 2004)
  • 1910 Antoon Breyne, Belgian journalist, born in Ypres, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1912 B. Roest Crollius, Dutch painter and writer (Chronicle Sins of Youth), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Hugh Martell, British Vice Admiral, born in Penzance, Cornwall, England (d. 1998)
  • 1913 Jack [John T] Aitken, British anatomist (d. 1992)
  • 1913 Kenneth Horne, English paper manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • 1913 Ronald Harris, British 1st Church Estates Commissioner, born in Cornwall Gardens, Kensington, London (d. 1995)
  • 1915 John Arnold, British high court judge (d. 2004)
  • 1915 May Henriquez-Alvarez, Curacao Dutch sculptor, born in Curacao (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Theodore H. White, American journalist (Making of President, Pulitzer Prize 1962), born in Dorchester, Boston (d. 1986)

Person of interestZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

1918 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, 1st President of the United Arab Emirates, born in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, birth date disputed (d. 2004)

President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
  • 1919 Frank Ereaut, Bailiff of Jersey (1975-85), born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1921 Erich Fried, Austrian-British writer, born in Vienna (d. 1988)
  • 1921 Robert Fell, British CEO (British Stock Exchange)
  • 1922 Alan Ross, British poet and editor (London Magazine), born in Calcutta, India (d. 2001)
  • 1922 Carlos Moorhead, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2011)
  • 1922 John Ernest, American constructionist artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Camille Laurin, Quebec psychiatrist and politician (Parti Québécois), born in Charlemagne, Quebec (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Guiseppe Martelli, Italian physicist, born in Pistoia, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1925 Patrick Meaney, British businessman and CEO (Rank Organization), born in Wandsworth, London (d. 1992)
  • 1926 John Hamilton-Jones, CEO (Richmond Enterprises) and British Major-General
  • 1926 Gilles Grégoire, Quebec politician (co-founder of the Parti Québécois), born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Robert Poujade, French politician (Mayor of Dijon 1971-2001), born in Moulins, France
  • 1929 John P. Allen, American engineer, inventor and CEO (Biosphere 2), born in Carnegie, Oklahoma
  • 1929 John Taylor, British bishop (St Albans) and Lord High Almoner to Queen
  • 1929 Rosemary Camp, British archaeologist (Council for British Archaeology)
  • 1929 Hans Beck, German inventor of Playmobil toys, born in Greiz, Germany (d. 2009)
  • 1931 Marvin Leath, American politician ( Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 11th district), born in Henderson, Texas (d. 2000)
  • 1934 Richard Shelby, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 7th district), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1936 Bernard Lemaire, French Canadian businessman (Cascades), born in Drummondville, Quebec
  • 1938 Jean Garon, Quebec economist and politician, born in Saint-Michel, Quebec (d. 2014)
  • 1938 Larry Gogan, Irish radio personality (Raidió Teilifís Éireann), born in Dublin
  • 1939 Anthony Blacker, Master-General of Ordnance
  • 1939 Zhanna Yorkina, Russian cosmonaut, born in Soltsy, Russia (d. 2015)
  • 1940 Henry Habibe, Arubian poet (Kerensentenchi), born in Aruba
  • 1941 Fred J. Eckert, American politician (U.S. Ambassador to Fiji , Tuvalu, Kiribati & Tonga), born in Rochester, New York
  • 1942 Rin Kaiho, Taiwanese professional Go player, born in Shanghai, China
  • 1943 Andreas Baader, leader of the German organization Red Army Faction, born in Munich (d. 1977)
  • 1946 Jim Ramstad, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Jamestown, North Dakota
  • 1947 Dennis Cowan, British rocker (Bonzo Dog Band), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1947 Sandra Fisher, American painter, born in New York City (d. 1994)
  • 1947 Martha Nussbaum, American philosopher, born in New York City
  • 1949 David Leestma, American astronaut (STS 41-G, 28, 45), born in Muskegon, Michigan
  • 1951 Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (d. 1990)
  • 1952 Chiaki Naito-Mukai, Tatebayashi Japan, astronaut (STS 65, sk:95)

Person of interestTony Blair

1953 Tony Blair, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1997-2007), born in Edinburgh, Scotland

British Prime Minister Tony Blair
British Prime Minister
Tony Blair

Weddings in History

  • 1476 Emperor Frederik III of Habsburg & duke Charles the bold arrange marriage of their children

LoveWedding of Interest

1880 Novelist Mary Ann Evans (George Eliot) (60) marries banker John Cross (40) at George's, London

Writer George Eliot
Writer
George Eliot
  • 1960 English Princess Margaret marries Antony Armstrong-Jones (later Lord Snowdon) at Westminster Abbey

Deaths in History

  • 523 Thrasamund, King of Vandals and Alans (496-523)
  • 680 Muawiyah I, caliph (b. 602)
  • 988 Dirk II, West Frisian count of Holland
  • 1085 King Alfonso VI, of Leon conquered Toledo, dies
  • 1124 Balak, Emir of Aleppo, murdered
  • 1475 Dieric Bouts, Dutch painter, dies at about 64
  • 1502 James Tyrrell, alleged murderer of the Princes in the Tower (executed)
  • 1527 Karel van Bourbon, military governor (Lombardije), dies at 37
  • 1540 Jean Luis Vives, Spanish theory/humanist/reformer, dies at 48
  • 1620 Hayyim ben Joseph Vital, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1543)
  • 1631 Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician and antiquarian (his library formed basis of British Museum manuscript collection), dies at 60
  • 1638 Cornelius Jansen, French Roman Catholic reform leader (Jansenism), dies at 52
  • 1642 Frans Francken the Younger, Flemish painter, dies on 61st birthday
  • 1708 François de Laval, first Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, dies at 85
  • 1727 Catharine I of Russia [Marta Samuilovna], wife of Peter the Great, dies at about 42
  • 1739 Bernardus Smijtegelt, Dutch vicar (Gekrookte Reed), dies at 63
  • 1757 Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal, dies at 51
  • 1757 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, dies at 73
  • 1757 Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal, dies at 72
  • 1840 Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian president and independence leader (b. 1792)
  • 1856 William Hamilton, metaphysicist, dies
  • 1859 Friedrich Heinrich Alexander, explorer/scientist, dies

Person of interestHenry David Thoreau

1862 Henry David Thoreau, American writer/pacifist (Walden Pond), dies at 44

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Naturalist/Pacifist
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1864 Henry Livermore Abbott, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1864 Micah Jenkins, Confederate brigadier general (friendly fire), dies at 28
  • 1870 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, dies at 58
  • 1873 José Antonio Páez, President of Venezuela (1830-35), dies at 82
  • 1877 Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finnish poet (b. 1804)
  • 1882 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, dies at 45
  • 1882 Thomas Henry Burke, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • 1891 Thomas Hare, English barrister and political reformer, dies at 85
  • 1904 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, dies at 67
  • 1910 Edward VII, King of England (1901-10), dies at 68
  • 1916 Dirk Bos, Dutch Liberal 2nd Member of Parliament, dies at 53
  • 1919 Lyman Frank Baum, American author (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz), dies at 62
  • 1924 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, poet/writer (socialism), dies at 47
  • 1948 43 communist rebels, executed in Athens

Person of interestMaurice Maeterlinck

1949 Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian philosopher (Nobel 1911), dies at 86

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • 1950 Agnes Smedley, writer, dies
  • 1951 Élie Cartan, French mathematician (b. 1869)

Person of interestMaria Montessori

1952 Maria Montessori, Italian physician/educationist, dies at 81

  • 1961 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65
  • 1963 Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian-born physicist (b. 1881)
  • 1967 Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (b. 1885)
  • 1972 Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish Left-wing Political Activist (b. 1947)
  • 1975 József Mindszenty [József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, dies at 83
  • 1976 Karel M J F Cruysberghs, Flemish author (On the Pulpit), dies at 85
  • 1984 Bonner Pink, Conservative Party politician
  • 1984 Mary Cain, Mississippi newspaper editor and politician (b. 1904)

Person of interestWilliam J. Casey

1987 William J. Casey, American head of the CIA during the Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), dies of aspiration pneumonia at 73

CIA Director William J. Casey
CIA Director
William J. Casey
  • 1991 Anthony van Kampen, writer (Ketelbinkie, Geschonden Eldorado), dies
  • 1991 Thomas A Carlin, dies at 62
  • 1992 Jilly Rizzo, restauranteur/friend of Frank Sinatra, dies in a car crash at 75
  • 1994 Helen Lessore, English artist, dies at 86
  • 1994 Moses Rosen, Chief Rabbi of Romania (1948-94), dies at 81
  • 1995 Maria Pia de Braganca, Portuguese journalist and writer who claimed to be the bastard daughter of King Carlos I of Portugal, dies at 88
  • 1995 Hilda Toledano (b. 1907)
  • 1996 Frank Hercules, writer, dies at 85
  • 1996 Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist, dies at 78
  • 1996 Geoffrey Hodges, bomb disposal expert, dies at 87
  • 1996 Joseph Stone, lawyer, dies at 79
  • 1996 Leon Joseph Suenens, cardinal, dies at 91
  • 1996 Michael Gerzon, British mathematician and audio pioneer (Ambisonics), dies at 50
  • 1996 Leo Joseph Suenens, Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 91
  • 2002 Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (b. 1948)
  • 2004 Philip Kapleau, American Zen teacher and founder (Rochester Zen Center in New Haven), dies at 91
  • 2006 Lillian Asplund, last American RMS Titanic survivor (b. 1906)
  • 2006 Shigeru Kayano, Japanese Ainu activist (b. 1926)
  • 2006 Grant McLennan, co-founder of Australian band The Go-Betweens (b. 1958)
  • 2006 Lorne Saxberg, Canadian television journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2007 Enéas Carneiro, Brazilian politician (b. 1938)
  • 2009 Valentin Varennikov, Soviet-Russian general and statesman, dies at 85
  • 2013 Giulio Andreotti, Italian Prime Minister, dies at 94
  • 2014 Farley Mowat, Canadian author, dies at 92
  • 2014 Leslie Thomas, Welsh writer (The Virgin Soldiers), dies at 83
  • 2015 Jim [James] Wright, American politician (D-Texas) (Speaker of the House 1987-1989), dies at 92
  • 2016 Reg Grundy, Australian media and television mogul (Neighbours, Prisoner), dies at 92
  • 2018 Cirilo Bautista, Filipino writer and poet, dies at 76
  • 2018 Herbert E. Brekle, German typographer and linguist, dies at 82
  • 2018 Brad Steiger, American author and paranormal researcher, dies at 82
  • 2018 Khaled Mohieddin, Egyptian military officer (member of the Revolutionary Command Council), dies at 95
  • 2018 George G. Hall, Northern Irish applied mathematician, dies at 93