On This Day

On This Day in History for May 8

Events in History

  • 535 John II's reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 589 Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo
  • 615 St Boniface IV's reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 685 St Benedict II's as Catholic Pope ends after 11 months with his death

Historic DiscoveryBlack Death

1348 Ship from Bordeaux carrying the plague, lands in Melcombe Regis (now Weymouth), Dorset

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Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
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  • 1360 Treaty of Brétigny signed by English & French, ending the first phase of the Hundred Years' War
  • 1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI

Papal VisitThe Protestant Reformation

1521 Parliament of Worms installs edict against Martin Luther

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1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
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Historic DiscoveryHernando de Soto's Expedition lands in Florida

1541 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and his expedition discover the Mississippi River

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Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto lands on the coast of Florida, somewhere between present-day Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor
Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto lands on the coast of Florida, somewhere between present-day Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor
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AgreementTreaty of Interest

1624 Hungarian King Bethlen Gabor & Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • 1639 William Coddington founds Newport, Rhode Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 English parliament declares Charles Stuart to be King Charles II of England

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1721 Michelangiolo dei Conti succeeds Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIII
  • 1741 France & Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • 1784 Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough, South Carolina)
  • 1787 First US prison reform society formed, the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons led by Dr. Benjamin Rush

  • 1792 British Captain George Vancouver sights and names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1792 US establishes the military draft
  • 1821 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • 1834 Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1835 1st installment of Hans Christian Andersen "Fairy Tales" published by C. A. Reitzel in Copenhagen, Denmark

  • 1840 Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process
  • 1842 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 1846 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas
  • 1847 Scot Robert Thompson patents rubber tyre
  • 1852 Second London protocol signed reaffirming Danish federation control of independent Duchies of Holstein, Lauenburg and Schleswig

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1858 John Brown holds antislavery convention

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • 1861 Richmond, Virginia, is named the capital of the Confederacy
  • 1862 Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell, Virginia
  • 1863 Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • 1864 Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton
  • 1864 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House begins
  • 1871 British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • 1877 1st Westminster Dog Show held

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878 David Edward Hughes' paper on the idea for a microphone is read before the Royal Society of London by Thomas Henry Huxley

  • 1879 George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile

AgreementContract of Interest

1881 Henry Morton Stanley signs the first of many contracts with the Congolian monarch

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1882 David Belasco's "La Belle Russe" premieres in NYC
  • 1885 Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge in Bristol, England
  • 1886 Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta sells the first Coca-Cola (contained cocaine)
  • 1895 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • 1898 The first games of the Italian Football League are played
  • 1899 The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens

InventionScientific Discovery

1899 Ernest Rutherford publishes his discovery of two different kinds of radiation (Alpha and Beta Particles)

  • 1900 John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
  • 1901 In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
  • 1901 A British appointed commission estimates today that some 1,250,000 Indians have died after a severe drought, lasting since 1899
  • 1902 Mount Pelée on the French overseas island of Martinique erupts, wiping out the city of Saint-Pierre, killing 30,000 and leaving only two survivors
  • 1905 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • 1916 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes killing 679 German soldiers
  • 1916 Irishmen Eamon Kent, Michael Mallin, Con Colbert and Sean Houston are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • 1919 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane

Victory in BattleEnd of World War I

1919 Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, leads to the creation of Remembrance Day

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This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
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  • 1921 Sweden abolishes capital punishment
  • 1923 Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
  • 1924 Memel territories given to Lithuania
  • 1924 Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against 3rd wage cut
  • 1925 French colonial army beats Rifkabylen in Morocco
  • 1926 A Philip Randolph organizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • 1929 Jan Mayen island, 500 km NNE of Iceland, incorporated into Norway

AgreementContract of Interest

1929 Soviet government contract Albert Kahn Associates architectural firm to design the USSR's 1st tractor plant

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • 1931 Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Mahatma Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1938 Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • 1941 German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean
  • 1942 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • 1942 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • 1943 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • 1944 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • 1945 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
  • 1945 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet

Victory in BattleNazi Germany Surrenders

1945 German General Wilhelm Keitel formally surrenders to the Allies represented by the United States, the UK, France and the Soviet Union in Berlin

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German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
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  • 1945 V-E Day: World War II ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • 1946 Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki, who had volunteered to be imprisoned in Auschwitz to gain information about the Holocaust, is arrested by Polish communist police

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1949 West German constitution approved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chiang Kai-shek asks US for weapons

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1951 Dacron men's suits introduced
  • 1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1956 John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 South Vietnamese President, Ngô Đình Diệm, arrives in the United States on a state visit

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm

USALittle Rock Crisis

1958 US President Eisenhower orders National Guard out of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

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The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 US VP Richard Nixon is shoved, stoned, booed and spat upon by protesters in Peru

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1959 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore
  • 1960 USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations
  • 1961 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport, Texas
  • 1961 Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington
  • 1962 1st Atlas Centaur Launch
  • 1962 London trolley buses (electrically powered buses using overhead supply) go out of service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Oskar Schindler and his wife Emilie Schindler are honored for saving 1200 Jews during WWII, in a ceremony on the Avenue of the Righteous, Jerusalem

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Oskar Schindler
  • 1963 1st James Bond film, "Dr. No", starring Sean Connery, premieres in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 U.S. President John F. Kennedy offers Israel assistance against aggression from its neighbors

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1965 1st shut put over 70' (Randy Matson 70' 7")
  • 1966 Last game at old Busch stadium, St Louis Card lose 10-5 to San Francisco
  • 1967 The Philippine province of Davao is split into three: Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental
  • 1968 Jim (Catfish) Hunter of Oakland pitches perfect game vs Twins (4-0)
  • 1968 Pulitzer prize awarded to William Styron (Confessions of Nat Turner)
  • 1969 Cambodia recognizes the German Democratic Republic (East Germany)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1969 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Sacra Ritum Congregation

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI

Birthdays in History

  • 1326 Joan I, Countess of Auvergne, queen of France (1350-60) (d. 1360)
  • 1460 Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1486-1536), born in Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1536)
  • 1492 Andrea Alciato, Italian lawyer and writer, born in Alzate Brianza, Milan, Italy (d. 1550)
  • 1521 Saint Peter Canisius, Dutch Jesuit Catholic priest, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1597)
  • 1587 Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (1630-37), born in Turin, Piedmont, Savoy (d. 1637)
  • 1592 Francis Quarles, English poet (Argalus & Parthenia, Emblems), born in Romford, Essex (d. 1644)
  • 1622 Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1698)
  • 1629 Niels Juel, Danish-Norwegian admiral, born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1697)
  • 1632 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, born in Mierzęcin, Poland (d. 1706)
  • 1641 Nicolaas Witsen, Dutch statesman and mayor of Amsterdam, born in Amsterdam (d. 1717)
  • 1653 Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshal of France, born in Moulins, France (d. 1734)
  • 1670 Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (d. 1726)
  • 1720 William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 5th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1756-57), born in Hardwicke, England (d. 1764)
  • 1735 Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter, born in London (d. 1811)

Person of interestEdward Gibbon

1737 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), born in Putney, England (d. 1794)

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
  • 1738 Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal, born in Russian Empire (d. 1809)
  • 1753 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, father of Mexican independence, born in Pénjamo, Guanajuato, Viceroyalty of New Spain (d. 1811)

Person of interestPhillis Wheatley

1753 Phillis Wheatley, American poet who was both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman, born in West Africa (d. 1784)

  • 1763 John Goldberg, Dutch patriot/statesman
  • 1786 Thomas Hancock, British engineer, founded British rubber industry, born in Malborough, Wilshire (d. 1865)
  • 1786 Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest, born in Dardilly, Lyonnais, Kingdom of France (d. 1859)
  • 1803 Joseph Napoleon Ney, French politician, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1810 James Cooper, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Frederick County, Maryland (d. 1863)
  • 1814 Thomas Green, American soldier & lawyer (Confederate Army), born in Buckingham County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1814 Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary anarchist, born in Pryamukhino, Tver Governorate of the Russian Empire (d. 1876)
  • 1821 William Henry Vanderbilt, American businessman, member of the Vanderbilt family, born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 1885)
  • 1824 William Walker, American physician and president of Nicaragua (1856-57), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1860)
  • 1825 George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India and author, born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1898)
  • 1828 Henri Dunant, Swiss humanitarian, Founder of Red Cross (Nobel 1901), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1910)
  • 1828 Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese Maronite monk, born in Bekaa Kafra, North Governorate, Lebanon (d. 1898)
  • 1833 Frank Wheaton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1903)
  • 1836 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Milledgeville, Georgia (d. 1905)
  • 1839 Francis Warre-Cornish, English scholar and writer (d. 1916)
  • 1842 Emil Christian Hansen, Danish physiologist, born in Ribe, Denmark (d. 1909)
  • 1855 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1858 John Meade Falkner, English novelist (Moonfleet), born in Manningford, England (d. 1932)
  • 1859 Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
  • 1882 Philips C Visser, Dutch explorer/diplomat

Person of interestHarry Truman

1884 Harry Truman, 33rd US President (Democrat: 1945-53), born in Lamar, Missouri (d. 1972)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1895 Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)
  • 1895 Fulton J Sheen, America bishop (Life is Worth Living), born in El Paso, Illinois
  • 1895 Jose Gomez [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter
  • 1895 James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)
  • 1898 Vera Chapman, English writer and Tolkien Society founder, born in Bournemouth, England (d. 1996)
  • 1899 Jan F van Hall, Dutch sculptor/resistance fighter
  • 1899 [Friedrich] August von Hayek, Aust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)
  • 1902 Andre Michel Lwoff, physiologist
  • 1911 Wilhelm F de Gaay Fortman, Dutch lawyer/foreign minister
  • 1912 George Woodcock, Canadian writer of political biography and history (Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Gertrud Fussenegger [Dorn], Austrian writer (Mohrenlegende)
  • 1914 Lord Murton, of Lindisfrarne, deputy chairman (Comm House of Lords)
  • 1914 Romain Gary, Polish writer (d. 1980)
  • 1916 João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist and FIFA President 1974-98, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2016)
  • 1916 Swami Chinmayananda, Indian spiritualist (d. 1993)

Person of interestMordecai Anielewicz

1919 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, born in Wyszków, Second Polish Republic (d. 1943)

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1919 Leon Festinger, American psychologist, born in New York (d. 1989)
  • 1920 Maurice Cranston, English philosopher and political scientist (John Locke biographies), born in Harringay, England (d. 1993)
  • 1920 Sloan Wilson, novelist (Man in the Gray Flannal, born in Norwalk, Connecticut
  • 1920 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, born in Helsinki (d. 1991)
  • 1921 Graham Leonard, Bishop of London, most senior Anglican to convert to Catholicism since the reformation (d. 2010)
  • 1922 Brian Kellett, CEO (Port of London Authority)
  • 1924 Tristan Jones, British sailor and author, born off Tristan da Cunha (d. 1995)
  • 1925 Ali Hassan Mwinyi, 2nd President of Tanzania (1985-1995) and the 3rd President of Zanzibar (1984-85), born in Kivure, Pwani Region, British Tanganyika
  • 1925 Charles Jauncey, Baron Jauncey of Tullichettle, Scottish judge and advocate, born in Edinburgh (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Ronald Waterhouse, British high court judge (d.2011)
  • 1927 Ian Denholm, CEO (Murray Investment Trust)
  • 1927 Philip Wilkinson, deputy chairman (National Westminster Bank)
  • 1928 Theodore Sorenson, American presidential advisor to JFK and author (Kennedy), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 2010)
  • 1929 Miyoshi Umeki, Japanese-American actress (Katsumi-Sayonara, Mrs Livingston-Courtship of Eddie's Father), born in Otaru, Japan (d. 2007)
  • 1929 V N M Korte-van Hemel, Dutch Secretary of Justice (CDA)
  • 1929 Claude Castonguay, Quebec politician
  • 1930 Alex L. Shigo, Duquesne Pennsylvania, American Biologist and Plant Pathologist known for his study of tree decay and contributions to modern arboricultural practices
  • 1932 Julieta Campos, Cuban-Mexican writer (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Alistair Service, writer/publisher
  • 1934 Leonard Hoffmann, high court judge
  • 1934 Roger Kendrick, governor (Dartmoor Prison)
  • 1935 Viscount Falkland, British peer (Lib-Dem)
  • 1936 Neville Purvis, British vice admiral (Chief of Fleet Support)
  • 1936 James R. Thompson, American politician (longest serving Governor of Illinois, 1977-91), born in Chicago Illinois (d. 2020)
  • 1937 Daniel Robberechts, Belgian writer (Labia Majora)
  • 1937 Dennis DeConcini, (Sen-D-AZ, 1977- )
  • 1937 Michael Simmons, Air Marshal (British Ministry of Defense)
  • 1937 Thomas Pynchon, American novelist (V, Gravity's Rainbow), born in Glen Cove, New York
  • 1937 Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian politician
  • 1938 Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran
  • 1938 Jean Giraud, French comic artist (Alien, Tron), born in Val-de-Marne, French (d. 2012)
  • 1940 James Blyth, CEO (Boots)

Person of interestPeter Benchley

1940 Peter Benchley, American novelist (Jaws, The Deep), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)

Jaws Novelist Peter Benchley
Jaws Novelist
Peter Benchley
  • 1940 Irwin Cotler, Canadian politician
  • 1941 James A Traficant Jr, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1985-2002), born in Youngstown, Ohio, (d. 2014)
  • 1941 John Fred [Gourrier], American performer (Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)), born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • 1942 Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
  • 1942 Ruth Holland, journalist
  • 1944 Gary Glitter [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
  • 1945 Arthur Docters van Leeuwen, jurist (Holland's secret service)
  • 1946 André Boulerice, Quebec politician
  • 1947 Phil Sawyer, rocker (Spencer Davis Group)
  • 1947 H. Robert Horvitz, Nobel laureate
  • 1948 John Reid, British politician (L), born in Bellshill, Scotland
  • 1952 Charles J Camarda, American PhD/astronaut, born in NYC, New York

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1783 First American flag seamstress Betsy Ross (31) weds John Claypoole at Christ Church

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross

LoveWedding of Interest

1981 Author John Grisham (26) weds Renee Jones

Writer John Grisham
John Grisham

Deaths in History

  • 535 John [Mercurius], Italian Pope (533-35), dies
  • 685 Benedict II, Italian Pope (683-85), dies and is buried in St Peter's
  • 1192 Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)
  • 1278 Emperor Duanzong of China (b. 1268)
  • 1319 Haakon V, King of Norway (1299-1319), dies
  • 1473 John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (b. 1420)
  • 1538 Edward Fox, English bishop
  • 1577 Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus, lawyer/President (Raad van State), dies
  • 1672 Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Comte de Tréville and French Officer (b. 1598)
  • 1725 John Lovewell, US indian fighter, dies in battle
  • 1766 Samuel Chandler, English non-conformist minister (b. 1693)
  • 1773 Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Egyptian Mameluk head, dies (b. 1728)
  • 1781 Richard Jago, English poet (b. 1715)
  • 1782 Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (1756-1777), dies at 82
  • 1785 Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter, dies at 83
  • 1785 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman, dies at 65
  • 1788 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1794 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), guillotined at 50
  • 1806 Robert Morris, English-born merchant and American Founding Father (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 72
  • 1809 Augustin Pajou, French sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78

Person of interestKamehameha I

1819 Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819), dies at 81

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • 1822 John Stark, American military officer (Battle of Bennington), dies at 93
  • 1837 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman, dies at 66
  • 1842 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer and naval officer, dies at 51
  • 1853 Joannes P Roothaan, 1st Dutch lt col-gen of Jesuits, dies at 67
  • 1864 James Samuel Wadsworth, gen-mjr (Union), dies in battle at 56

Person of interestJohn Stuart Mill

1873 John Stuart Mill, English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, dies of erysipelas at 66

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • 1876 Truganini, last originating Tasmanian, dies
  • 1880 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (Madame Bovary), dies at 58
  • 1887 Alexander Ulyanov, brother of Lenin/hanged for assassination of tsar
  • 1891 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), dies at 59
  • 1894 Clara Fey, German Roman Catholic Nun and the founder of the Sisters of the Poor Child Jesus, dies at 79

Person of interestPaul Gauguin

1903 Paul Gauguin [Eugene Henri], French painter who worked in French Polynesia, dies at 54

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1904 Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer, pioneer in study of motion, dies at 74
  • 1909 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), dies at 72
  • 1915 Henry McNeal Turner, 1 African American Methodist Bishop and 1st African American army chaplain, dies at 82
  • 1924 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), dies at 23
  • 1925 Frank L. Gillespie, American founder of Supreme Life Insurance Company, dies at 48
  • 1936 Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies at 55

Person of interestMordecai Anielewicz

1943 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, suspected to have committed suicide at 24 rather than surrender to Nazi troops that had surrounded his command bunker

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1945 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • 1947 Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-born department store founder (b. 1858)
  • 1948 U Saw, Burmese politician (b. 1900)
  • 1950 Vital Brazil, Brazilian physician (b. 1865)
  • 1957 Johannes C B "Jan" Sluyters, Dutch painter, dies at 75
  • 1958 Nasni Matni, Lebanese journalist, murdered
  • 1958 Norman Bel Geddes, American theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End), dies at 65
  • 1960 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (one of the founders of homotopy theory), dies at 55
  • 1969 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist and director (U.S. National Museum), dies at 76
  • 1976 Ulrike Meinhof, lead Germany Red Army Faction, dies
  • 1979 Talcott Parsons, American sociologist, dies at 76
  • 1982 Neil Bogart, American record executive (b. 1943)
  • 1982 Al Leader, Canadian-American Hockey Hall of Fame player, referee and administrator (Western Hockey League), dies at 78
  • 1987 Pam Ewing, (Victoria Principal) character on Dallas, is killed off
  • 1987 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (b. 1920)
  • 1988 Robert A Heinlein, sci-fi writer (Friday), dies of heart failure at 80
  • 1990 Tomas O'Fiach [Tomas Seamus Fee], Irish cardinal-archbishop, dies
  • 1991 Lloyd Ford, stuntman, dies at 79
  • 1992 Addeke H Boerma, Dutch economist and general manager (FAO), dies at 80
  • 1992 Brian Moore, writer (Catholics), dies of heart failure at 59
  • 1992 Margaretha D Ferguson-Wigerink, Dutch author (Fear on Java), dies at 71
  • 1992 Sergey Vladimirovich Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master, dies at 90
  • 1993 Avram Davidson, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Peregrine: Primus, Rork!), dies at 70
  • 1994 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, peace activist, dies at 88
  • 1995 Jerry Zipkin, socialite, dies at 80
  • 1995 Prem Bhatia, journalist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Luis Miguel Domiguin, bullfighter, dies at 69
  • 1996 Serge Chermayeff, Russian-British architect and designer, dies at 95
  • 1996 Garth Williams, American illustrator (Charlotte's Web), dies at 84
  • 1997 Kai-Uwe Von Hassel, German President of Bundestag (CDU 1969-72), dies
  • 1998 Bebe Rebozo, American banker and Watergate figure (b. 1912)
  • 2000 Guadalupe "Pita" Amor, Mexican poet (b. 1918)
  • 2000 Alexander Chislenko, Russian-American transhumanist (b. 1959)
  • 2000 Henry Nicols, American AIDS activist, dies as the result of a car accident at 26
  • 2004 John Peel, British politician (C), dies at 91
  • 2006 Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer (b. 1938)
  • 2009 Bud Shrake, American writer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 Maurice Sendak, American author and illustrator, dies at 83
  • 2012 Nicholas Katzenbach, American Attorney General, dies at 90
  • 2013 Taylor Mead, American writer, actor and performer (Factory, Taylor Mead's Ass), dies at 88
  • 2014 Roger L. Easton, American scientist, inventor and designer of GPS, dies at 93
  • 2016 John Bradshaw, American theologian, dies at 82
  • 2018 George Deukmejian, American politician, 35th Governor of California (1983-91), dies at 89
  • 2018 Ernest Medina, American soldier and commanding officer of the unit responsible for the My Lai Massacre of 16 March 1968, dies at 81
  • 2018 Mahmoud Hammoud, Lebanese politician and diplomat, dies at 82 or 83
  • 2020 Roy Horn [Uwe Ludwig Horn], German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy), dies of COVID-19 at 75