On This Day

On This Day in History for November 10

Events in History

  • 911 Conrad I of Germany [Conrad the Younger] elected as King of East Francia
  • 1444 Battle at Varna, Black Sea: Sultan Murad II beats crusaders
  • 1526 John I Zapolyai of Transsylvania chosen as king of Hungary
  • 1544 Flemish painter Jan Matsys banished from Antwerp for religious beliefs
  • 1567 Battle at St-Denis: French government army vs Huguenots
  • 1584 Willem Louis of Nassau appointed viceroy of Friesland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1619 René Descartes has the dream that inspires his "Meditations on First Philosophy"

Philosopher René Descartes
René Descartes
  • 1630 Failed palace revolution in France against Richelieu
  • 1674 Dutch formally cede New Netherlands (New York) to the English
  • 1687 Pope Innocent XI publishes decree Coelestis pastor
  • 1697 English parliament accept army reduction
  • 1766 The last Colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University).
  • 1775 The Second Continental Congress forms Continental Marines, precursor to the United States Marine Corps
  • 1793 France ends forced worship of God
  • 1801 Kentucky outlaws duelling
  • 1808 Osage Treaty / Treaty of Fort Clark, Osage Nation cedes territory in Missouri and Arkansas to the US
  • 1836 Louis Napoleon banished to America
  • 1847 The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.

Agreement of Interest'Dr. Livingstone, I presume?'

1871 Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'

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An illustration from Henry Morton Stanley's 1872 book
An illustration from Henry Morton Stanley's 1872 book "How I Found Livingstone"
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  • 1878 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
  • 1883 Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle

Engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler
Engineer and inventor
Gottlieb Daimler
  • 1891 1st Women's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
  • 1891 Granville T Woods patents electric railway
  • 1892 1st CRU championship game: Osgoode Hall defeats Montreal, 45-5
  • 1894 Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
  • 1898 Wilmington, North Carolina Coup D'état: White Supremacists violently overthrow local government, killing and threatening Black leaders [1] [2]
  • 1905 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • 1908 1st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room
  • 1910 The date of Thomas A. Davis' opening of the San Diego Army and Navy Academy, though the official founding date is November 23, 1910.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Andrew Carnegie forms Carnegie Corporation for scholarly and charitable works

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • 1911 Chinese Imperial army recaptures Nanking (blood bath)
  • 1917 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House
  • 1917 Faure's 2nd Violo Sonate premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 New bolshevik government under Lenin suspends freedom of press (temporary) during October Revolution

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1918 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • 1919 1st observance of National Book Week
  • 1919 American Legion's 1st national convention (Minneapolis)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House" premieres in NYC

  • 1923 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • 1924 Dion O'Banion, leader of the North Side Gang is assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio's gang, sparking the bloody gang war of the 1920s in Chicago.
  • 1926 Guomindang-regring deallocates seat of Kanton to Wuhan (Hankou)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Vincent Massey becomes 1st Canadian minister to USA

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Emperor Hirohito of Japan's possession of the Imperial Regalia is publicly confirmed

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1933 Black Blizzard snowstorm-duststorm rages from SD to Atlantic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1938 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • 1938 Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)
  • 1938 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • 1942 Philip Barry's "Without Love" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey, Morocco
  • 1942 US-British troops occupies Oran, Algeria
  • 1944 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • 1944 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • 1944 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • 1945 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • 1946 Communists win many seats at French parliamentary election
  • 1950 Clifford Odet's "Country Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1950 Jacobo Árbenz elected President of Guatemala

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1950 Nobel for literature awarded to William Faulkner

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1951 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance
  • 1952 Trygve Lie resigns as 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • 1953 Giants end their tour of Japan (players got $331 of $3,000 promised)

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1954 "Marine Corps War Memorial" unveiled in Arlington County, Virginia, dedicated to US Marine Corps who died in defense of US since 1775 (inspired by 1945 Iwo Jima photo of servicemen raising US flag)

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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  • 1958 Bertolt Brecht's play " The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui" premieres in Stuttgart, West Germany

How Britain Fell in Love with Lady ChatterleyHow Britain Fell in Love with Lady Chatterley

1960 Uncensored version of D. H. Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley’s Lover" finally goes on sale in the UK after a jury finds publisher Penguin Books not guilty in an obscenity trial

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Copies of the un-banned Lady Chatterley were much-prized and sold out within minutes. Photo: Keystone/Getty Images
Copies of the un-banned Lady Chatterley were much-prized and sold out within minutes. Photo: Keystone/Getty Images
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  • 1965 Manneke Pis statue stolen in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Jack Lynch becomes Irish premier (Taoiseach)

Taoiseach Jack Lynch
Jack Lynch
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 reaches 196-1871 km around Moon
  • 1968 Launch of Zond 6, 2nd unmanned circumlunar & return flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares released from banishment in Sao Tomé under new regieme of Marcello Caetano

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1970 Luna 17, with unmanned self-propelled Lunokhod 1, is launched
  • 1971 US table tennis team arrived in China
  • 1975 Ore ship Edmund Fitzgerald with crew of 29 lost in storm on Lake Superior

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 PLO leader Yasser Arafat addresses UN in NYC

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1975 UN General Assembly approves resolution equating Zionism with racism
  • 1976 Utah Supreme Court approves execution of convicted murderer Gary Gilmore
  • 1977 Amsterdam: Red Army Faction terrorists Gert Schneider and Christof Wackernagel arrested
  • 1978 Israel's top negotiators broke away from Middle East peace talks
  • 1979 Train detrailment in Mississauga, Ontario; a 106 car train derails causing the evacuation of 200,000 people
  • 1980 Poland acknowledges Solidarity union
  • 1980 Iraq captures southern port of Khorramshahr
  • 1981 Ernest Thompson's "West Side Waltz" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 IMF lends Mexico $3.8 billion due to threatened bankruptcy
  • 1982 Susan Cooper/Hume Cronyn's "Foxfire" premieres in NYC
  • 1983 US Federal government shut down
  • 1984 Miami Hurricanes blows 31-0 lead in 3rd quarter lose to Md 42-40
  • 1986 Bangladeshi Constitution restored
  • 1988 China confirms earthquake death toll will rise above current 938
  • 1988 NY's MTA announces it may replace tokens with credit card type passes
  • 1989 Bulgarian party president Todor Zjikov resigns
  • 1989 Germans begin demolishing the Berlin Wall
  • 1989 Word Perfect 5.1 is shipped
  • 1990 Lebanon releases 2 French hostages (Camille Sontag & Marcel Coudari)
  • 1990 Chandra Shekhar becomes 8th Prime Minister of India
  • 1991 Browns set club record for largest lead blown (led 23-0), Philadelphia 32-30
  • 1991 Marty Glickman broadcasts his 1,000th football game

Birthdays in History

  • 745 Musa al-Kazim, Shia Imam, born in Al-Abwa, Medina (d. 799)
  • 1341 Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1408)
  • 1433 Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1467-77), born in Dijon, France (d. 1477)
  • 1480 Bridget of York, English princess and nun, born in Eltham Palace, London (d. 1517)

Person of interestMartin Luther

1483 Martin Luther, German theologian and key figure in the Protestant Reformation, born in Eisleben, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1546)

Theologian and Founder of Protestantism Martin Luther
Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Martin Luther
  • 1565 Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and favorite of Elizabeth I, born in Herefordshire, England (d. 1601)
  • 1565 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer, born in Söderköping, Sweden (d. 1646)
  • 1577 Jacob Cats [Father Cats], Dutch grand pensionary and poet (Houwelyck), born in Brouwershaven, Netherlands (d. 1660)
  • 1620 Anne "Ninon" de l'Enclos, French patron of the arts, courtesan and writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1705)
  • 1668 Louis III, Prince of Condé and Duke de Bourbon, born in Paris (d. 1710)

Person of interestGeorge II

1683 George II [Georg August], King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Germany (d. 1760)

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • 1695 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (discovered Crab Nebula), born in Old Sarum, Wiltshire (d. 1771)
  • 1697 William Hogarth, English satiric painter and engraver (Rake's Progress), born in London (d. 1764)
  • 1710 Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman, born in Walkendorf, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1730 Oliver Goldsmith, Irish novelist and dramatist (She Stoops to Conquer), born in Kilkenny West, Ireland (d. 1774)
  • 1735 Granville Sharp, English abolitionist, born in Durham, England (d. 1813)
  • 1793 Jared Kirtland, American physician, naturalist and reformed penitentiaries, born in Wallingford, Connecticut (d. 1877)
  • 1801 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, born in Lugansk, Russian Empire (d. 1872)
  • 1801 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and advocate of education for the blind, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • 1810 George Jennings, English sanitary engineer (invented first public flush toilets), born in Eling, Hampshire (d. 1882)
  • 1819 Cyrus West Field, American financier noted for success of 1st transatlantic cable, born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • 1827 Alfred Howe Terry, American Major General (Union Army), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1890)
  • 1830 Albert Gallatin Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Cabell County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1833 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), born in Şumnu, Ottoman Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1834 Jose Hernandez, Argentine poet (MartinFierro), born in Chacra de Pueyrredon, Argentina (d. 1886)
  • 1834 Wager Swayne, American Colonel (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1902)
  • 1844 Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian, born in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)

Person of interestJohn Thompson

1845 John Thompson, 4th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1892-94), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1894)

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson
  • 1861 Robert T. A. Innes, Scottish astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • 1868 Gichin Funakoshi, Japanese martial artist, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo, born in Shuri, Okinawa, Japan (d. 1957)
  • 1869 Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (assassinated King Umberto I of Italy on July 29, 1900), born in Coiano, Prato, Tuscany (d. 1901)
  • 1871 Winston Churchill, American author (Crisis, Crossing), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1947)
  • 1879 Nicholas Vachel Lindsay, American poet (Gen William Booth enters Heaven), born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1931)
  • 1879 Patrick Pearse, Irish poet, nationalist and political activist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1916)
  • 1880 Aart A van Schelven, Dutch church historian (Willem of Orange)
  • 1880 Jacob Epstein, American-English sculptor (Adam, Jacob & the Angel), born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • 1882 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), born in Maribor, Slovenia (d. 1971)
  • 1884 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet and author (Bird Phoenix), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1965)
  • 1887 Arnold Zweig, German antifascist and author (Erziehung vor Verdun), born in Glogau, Silesia, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1888 Andrej Tupolev, Russian aircraft builder, born in Pustomazovo, Russia (d. 1972)
  • 1893 John P. Marquand, American writer (The Late George Apley), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1960)
  • 1895 John Knudsen Northrop, American aircraft designer (Northrop Air), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Murk Ozinga, Dutch building historian (Monuments of Curacao)
  • 1906 Josef Kramer, German concentration camp Commandant dubbed "The Beast of Belsen", born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1907 John Moore, English author (Portrait of Elmbury, Brensham Village and The Blue Field), born in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1967)
  • 1908 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2000)
  • 1909 Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian, born in Ulyanovsk, Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1913 Alvaro Cunhal, Portuguese politician and writer, born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Oda Blinder [Yolanda Corsen], Antillean poetess (Doorstep)
  • 1919 Moise Tshombe, President of Katanga, then premier of the Congo (Zaire), born in Musumba (d. 1969)

Person of interestMikhail Kalashnikov

1919 Mikhail Kalashnikov, Russian general and inventor of the AK-47, born in Kurya, Kuryinsky District, Altai Krai, Russia (d. 2013)

  • 1920 Rafael del Pino, Spanish entrepreneur, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Jacob Pleydell-Bouvery, 8th earl of Radnor and art collector (d. 2008)
  • 1928 William Staveley, British Royal Navy admiral (d. 1997)
  • 1929 Ninón Sevilla, Cuban-Mexican actress (Aventurera, Víctimas del Pecado), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2015)
  • 1929 W. E. B. Griffin [William Edmund Butterworth], American best-selling author (Clandestine Operations, The Lieutenants), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2019)
  • 1930 Clarence M. Pendleton Jr., African-American chairman of the United States Commission on Civil Rights (1981-88), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1988)
  • 1933 Ronald Evans, American naval officer and NASA astronaut, born in St. Francis, Kansas (d. 1990)
  • 1935 Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov, Russian astrophysicist and cosmologist, born in Moscow, Russian SFSR
  • 1935 Bernard Babior, American physician and biochemist, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2004)
  • 1941 John Geoghegan, U.S. Army infantry lieutenant and Silver Star recipient, born in Pelham, New York (d. 1965)

Person of interestRobert F. Engle

1942 Robert F. Engle, American economist (Nobel 2003 - for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)), born in Syracuse, New York

Economist Robert F. Engle
Robert F. Engle
  • 1942 Hans-Rudolf Merz, Swiss politician (President of Switzerland 2009) and Member of the Swiss Federal Council (2004-10), born in Herisau, Switzerland
  • 1943 Saxby Chambliss, American politician (U.S. Senator from Georgia 2003-15), born in Warrenton, North Carolina
  • 1944 Silvestre Reyes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas 1997-2013), born in Canutillo, Texas
  • 1946 David Stockman, American politician and Reagan's ex-budget director, born in Fort Hood, Texas
  • 1946 Jack Ketchum [Dallas William Mayr], American horror fiction author (Off Season, Red, The Woman), born in Livingston, New Jersey (d. 2018)
  • 1947 Bechir Gemayel, President-elect of Lebanon (8/23-9/14, 1982), born in Achrafieh, Beirut, Lebanon (d. 1982)
  • 1948 Aaron Brown, American broadcast journalist (World News Now), born in Hopkins, Minnesota
  • 1955 James Chapman, American novelist (Stet)
  • 1956 Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur and political activist, born in Cairo, Egpyt
  • 1961 Rudolf Grimm, Austrian physics professor (Bose–Einstein condensation of molecules), born in Mannheim, West Germany
  • 1971 Mario Abdo Benítez, Paraguayan politician, President of Paraguay (2018-), born in Asunción, Paraguay
  • 1977 Josh Barnett, American mixed martial artist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1981 Jason L. Dunham, American Corporal in the United States Marine Corps and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Scio, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1999 Armand "Mondo" Duplantis, Swedish-American pole vaulter, born in Lafayette, Louisiana

Weddings in History

  • 1926 Belgium crown prince Leopold weds princess Astrid Bernadotte of Sweden
  • 1965 Netherlands 2nd Chamber accept marriage of Princess Beatrice & Claus von Amsberg

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1975 Journalist Ben Bradlee (54) divorces Antoinette Pinchot after 19 years of marriage

Journalist Ben Bradlee
Ben Bradlee
  • 2004 Talk show host Ricki Lake and Rob Sussman divorce after 10 years of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 461 St. Leo I, the Great, Italian Pope (440-61), dies in office
  • 627 Justus, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 901 Adelaide of Paris, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1241 Celestine IV [Goffredo Castiglioni], Pope (1241, 16 days), dies
  • 1285 Pedro III, King of Aragon (1276-85) and King of Sicily (1282-85), dies of unknown causes at around 45 or 46
  • 1299 Jan I, count of Holland/Zeeland (1295-99), dies at 15
  • 1444 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, King of Poland and Hungary, dies in battle at 20
  • 1549 Paul III [Alessandro Farnese], Italian Pope (1534-49), dies at 81
  • 1556 Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
  • 1596 Peter Wentworth, English Puritan politician (b. 1530)
  • 1617 Barnabe Rich, English soldier and writer
  • 1624 Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English patron of the theater, dies at 51
  • 1644 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (El diablo cojuelo), dies at 65
  • 1670 Geory Horn [Hornius], theologist/historian, dies at about 50
  • 1673 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), dies at 33
  • 1727 Alphonse de Tonty, French explorer and American settler (b. 1659)
  • 1728 Fyodor Apraksin, Russian admirals (b. 1661)
  • 1772 Pedro Antonio Joaquim Correa da Serra Garção, Portuguese poet (b. 1724)
  • 1777 Cornstalk, Shawnee chief
  • 1779 Joseph Hewes, American merchant/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 1808 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and administrator (Governor of Quebec 1768-1778), dies at 84
  • 1843 John Trumbull, American painter (Declaration of Independence), dies at 87
  • 1865 Henry Wards, Confederate prison supt, executed for excessive cruelty
  • 1888 George Bingham, British 3rd Lord Lucan (Charge of the Light Brigade), dies at 88

Person of interestArthur Rimbaud

1891 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and arms merchant (Saison en Enfer), dies of a bone cancer at 37

  • 1909 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (b. 1863)
  • 1912 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), dies at 49
  • 1936 Louis Gustave Binger, French officer and explorer (b. 1856)

Person of interestMustafa Kemal Atatürk

1938 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, dies of cirrhosis of the liver at 57

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1948 Julius Curtius, German foreign minister (1929- ), dies at 71
  • 1954 Hussein Fatemi, Iran Foreign minister, executed

Person of interestHarry Ford Sinclair

1956 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil, dies at 80

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair
  • 1963 Otto Flake, writer, dies
  • 1966 Steven Nagy, American bowler (first televised perfect game [300}, 1954; ABC Hall of Fame 1963), dies at 53
  • 1969 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet, dies at 78
  • 1971 Walter Van Tilburg Clark, American author (Ox-Bow Incident), dies at 62
  • 1975 Ernest M. McSorley, American ship captain (b. 1912)
  • 1976 Theodore Besterman, British bibliographer and psychical researcher, dies at 71
  • 1979 Friedrich Thorberg, writer, dies at 71
  • 1982 Elio Petri, Italian director (Workers Class), dies at 53

Person of interestLeonid Brezhnev

1982 Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet Leader, General Secretary (1964-82), dies of a heart attack at 75

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1984 Xavier Herbert, Australian author (b. 1901)
  • 1990 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist and electrical engineer, dies at 76
  • 1991 Alessandro Lessona, Minister of Italian Colonies (1931-38), dies
  • 1991 Franco Malfatti, president of Commission of Europe (1970-1972), dies
  • 1992 Antoine C J Rottier, Dutch CEO (DSM), dies
  • 1994 Louis Nizer, lawyer, dies at 92
  • 1994 William Higinbotham, American physicist (member of team who developed first nuclear bomb), dies at 84
  • 1995 Boty Goodwin, British artist, dies at 29
  • 1995 Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian writer and environmentalist, dies at 54
  • 1996 Beecher Moore, British sailor, dies at 88
  • 1996 Hugo Buchthal, art historian, dies at 87
  • 1996 Marjorie Proops, problem page editor, dies at 85
  • 2000 Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician, Prime Minister of France, President of the National Assembly, dies at 85
  • 2001 Ken Kesey, American author (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest), dies at 66
  • 2003 Canaan Banana, 1st President of Zimbabwe (1980-87), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2006 Nadarajah Raviraj, Sri Lankan politician (b. 1962)
  • 2006 Fokko du Cloux, mathematician (b. 1954)
  • 2007 Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-75), dies at 100

Person of interestNorman Mailer

2007 Norman Mailer, American novelist, dies at 84

Novelist Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
  • 2009 John Allen Muhammad, American spree killer (b. 1960)
  • 2010 Nicolo Rizzuto, Sicilian-born Canadian organized crime figure (b. 1924)
  • 2011 Ivan Martin Jirous, Czech poet (b. 1944)
  • 2011 Peter J. Biondi, American state legislator (New Jersey) and former mayor (b. 1942)
  • 2015 Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), dies at 96
  • 2015 Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist who designed the IBM mainframe, dies at 92
  • 2015 Tim [Itimous Thaddeus] Valentine, American politician (Rep-D-NC, 1983-95) dies at 89