On This Day

On This Day in History for November 11

Events in History

RomanRoman Empire

308 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 887 Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1158 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1208 Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king
  • 1215 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1400 Battle of Aleppo: Timur and his army defeat the forces of Sultan Faraj, Mameluke ruler of Egypt, 20,000 people reportedly massacred and a pyramid of their skulls built
  • 1417 Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1493 Explorer Christopher Columbus discovers Saba

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1500 Treaty of Granada: France & Aragon divide the Kingdom of Naples

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1503 Pope Julius II elected

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1572 Duke of Alva's son Don Fredrik begins siege of Haarlem
  • 1606 Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
  • 1620 Mayflower Pilgrims make their first landing in America, at Provincetown Harbor, Massachusetts [1]
  • 1620 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod, the 1st framework of government in the territory that is now the USA [N.S. Nov 21]
  • 1634 Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery".
  • 1640 Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, impeached by the House of Lords on the evidence of John Pym, and imprisoned in the Tower of London; he was later executed.
  • 1647 Massachusetts passes first compulsory school attendance law in the American colonies
  • 1648 Dutch & French agree to divide St Maarten, Leeward Islands
  • 1671 Dutch States-General forbids importation of French wine
  • 1673 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1675 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • 1688 Prince Willem III's invasion fleet sails to England
  • 1714 A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army enters England

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1750 The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.
  • 1752 Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war

Mohawk Military Leader Joseph Brant
Mohawk Military Leader
Joseph Brant
  • 1778 British Soldiers and Loyalists, allied with Iroquois and Seneca raiders, slaughter 40 in the "Cherry Valley Massacre" in central New York
  • 1790 Chrysanthemums are introduced to England from China

BattleBattle of Interest

1805 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1807 Washington Irving's Salmagundi periodical published - first to associate the name "Gotham" with New York City

  • 1811 Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • 1813 Dresden surrenders to allied armies
  • 1836 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1839 The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
  • 1851 Alvan Clark patents telescope
  • 1864 Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL
  • 1865 Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
  • 1865 Thomas Robertson's "Society" premieres in London
  • 1865 Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
  • 1868 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1868 War of the Triple Alliance: Allied victory in the Battle of Avay leaves 3,000 Paraguayan soldiers dead, 600 wounded and the road to Asunción open

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1880 Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
  • 1887 Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies (b. 1855), Albert Parsons (b. 1848), Adolph Fischer (b. 1858) and George Engel (b. 1836) are executed.
  • 1887 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1889 Washington admitted as 42nd state of USA
  • 1890 D McCree patents portable fire escape
  • 1895 Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
  • 1896 Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
  • 1896 Samuel Pierpont Langley's Number 6 'heavier-than-air' aircraft model flies over 1,500 m (5,000 ft).
  • 1899 Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora" premieres in London
  • 1905 High Commissioner Prince George declares amnesty for all leaders of the insurrection that has been disturbing Crete during the recent months - but which never gained mass support
  • 1906 Ethel Smyth's "Standrecht" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1909 Construction of US navy base begins at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  • 1909 J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding" premieres in London
  • 1911 Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through. (see The 11/11/11 cold wave).
  • 1911 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • 1918 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • 1918 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • 1918 Poland declares independence

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too ExcitedThe War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

1918 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

Read Article
Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett
Read Article
  • 1919 Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political and business views
  • 1920 Great Britain's monument to her war dead, the Cenotaph in Whitehall, designed by Edwin Lutyens, unveiled
  • 1920 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, and at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 US President Warren G. Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1922 Largest US flag displayed (150' X 90') expanded in 1939 (270' X 90')
  • 1923 Eternal flame lit for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • 1924 Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St NYC
  • 1924 Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated in San Francisco
  • 1925 Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD
  • 1925 Night of Kersten - Colijn Dutch government falls by SGP-amendement

InventionScientific Discovery

1925 American scientist Robert A. Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays

  • 1926 U.S. Route 66 is established from Chicago, Illinois to Santa Monica, California 2,448 miles (3,940 km)
  • 1928 France's 5th government of Raymond Poincaré forms
  • 1928 KXO-AM in El Centro CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 WGL-AM in Ft Wayne IN begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 WOL-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions

InventionHistoric Invention

1930 Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention of the Einstein refrigerator

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • 1933 "Great Black Blizzard" 1st of the great dust storms that created the dust bowl rips through South Dakota
  • 1934 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM
  • 1935 Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over South Dakota
  • 1937 German aircraft Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies a new world air speed record for landplanes with piston engines of 610.95 km/h (379.62 mph)
  • 1937 Nobel prize for physics awarded to American Clinton Joseph Davisson and Briton George Paget Thomson "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
  • 1938 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
  • 1940 Thousands of Paris students lay a wreath at the Grave of the Unknown Soldier
  • 1940 Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100
  • 1940 British Fleet Air Arm attack destroys half of Italian fleet at Taranto
  • 1940 Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle ("Jeep")
  • 1941 Czech premier General Eliasj arrested by Nazis
  • 1942 -12] last German offensive in Stalingrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1942 Germany completes its WWII occupation of France
  • 1942 Jews in the Free Zone of France ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • 1942 Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
  • 1942 Transport #45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 1943 US air raid on Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
  • 1957 Demolition begins on cable car barn at California & Hyde, San Francisco
  • 1958 AL announces Kansas City will play AL record 52 night games in 1959

Birthdays in History

  • 995 Gisela of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire Empress as wife of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II (d. 1041)

Person of interestHenry IV

1050 Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105), born in Goslar, Kaiserpfalz (d. 1106)

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1154 Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1212)
  • 1155 Alfonso VIII the Noble, King of Castile and Toledo (1158-1214), born in Soria, Spain (d. 1214)
  • 1220 Alphonse of Toulouse, son of Louis VIII of France, born in Poissy, France (d. 1271)
  • 1484 Bartolomé de las Casas, Spanish friar and social historian, born in Seville, Crown of Castile (d. 1566)
  • 1493 Bernardo Tasso, Italian courtier and poet, born in Bergamo, Venice (d. 1569)

Person of interestParacelsus

1493 Paracelsus, Swiss physician and alchemist (Zinc, Laudanum), born in Einsiedeln, Switzerland (d. 1541)

Physician and Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician and Alchemist
  • 1523 Joachim Hopperus, Frisian lawyer and politician, born in Sneek, Friesland (d. 1576)
  • 1569 Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist, born in Lauingen, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1611)
  • 1579 Frans Snyders, Flemish painter of animals, born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1657)
  • 1599 Ottavio Piccolomini, Italian nobleman and marshal, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1656)
  • 1599 Prince Ottavio Piccolomini, Italian nobleman, Duke of Amalfi, and field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Florence, Florentine Republic (now Italy) (d. 1656)
  • 1633 George Savile, 1st marquis of Halifax and author (Character of a Trimmer), born in Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England (d. 1695)
  • 1636 Yan Ruoqu, Chinese scholar of Qing dynasty, born in Taiyuan, Shanxi, China (d. 1704)
  • 1657 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl and fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1737)
  • 1668 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1736)
  • 1679 Firmin Abauzit, French scholar and scientist, born in Uzès, Kingdom of France (d. 1767)
  • 1724 Willem Arnold Alting, Dutch governor-general of Dutch East Indies (1780-97), born in Groningen, Dutch Republic (d. 1800)
  • 1736 Johann Heinrich Schepp, German-Dutch engraver, born in Diez, Germany
  • 1743 Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist, born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1828)
  • 1748 Carlos IV (English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), born in Portici, Italy (d. 1819)
  • 1771 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), born in Rockbridge, Virginia (d. 1830)
  • 1791 Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councillor, born in Olten, Switzerland (d. 1855)
  • 1792 Mary Anne Disraeli, English wife of Benjamin Disraeli, born in Brampford Speke, Devon, England (d. 1872)
  • 1811 Ben McCulloch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Rutherford County, Tennessee (d. 1862)

Person of interestFyodor Dostoyevsky

1821 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment, The Dream of a Ridiculous Man) who helped shape literary modernism and existentialism, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

  • 1836 Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American editor and writer (The Story of a Bad Boy), born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire (d. 1907)
  • 1852 Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Penzing, Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1858 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian diarist and painter, born in Gavrontsi, Russian Empire (d. 1884)
  • 1863 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1864 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), born in Chili, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • 1868 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, born in Cuiseaux, Saône-et-Loire, France (d. 1940)

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel III

1869 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians, born in Naples (d. 1947)

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1870 Nils Kjær, Norwegian playwright (Det evige Savn), born in Holmestrand, Norway (d. 1924)
  • 1872 David I. Walsh, 46th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Leominster, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1875 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, born in Mulberry, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • 1882 Gustav VI Adolf, King of Sweden (1950-73), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1973)

Person of interestGeorge S. Patton

1885 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California (d. 1945)

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1888 Abul Kalam Azad, 1st Minister of Education in the Indian government, born in Makkah, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Alceu Amoroso Lima, Brazilian essayist, activist and founder of the Brazilian Christian Democracy, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1983)
  • 1895 Beulah Ecton Woodard, African-American sculptor, born in Frankfort, Ohio (d. 1955)
  • 1897 Gordon Allport, American psychologist (personalities), born in Montezuma, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • 1898 Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle, German Jesuit priest and Buddhism Zen teacher, born in Nieheim, Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1990)
  • 1900 Hugh Scott, American lawyer and politician (Senate Minority Leader 1969-77), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1994)
  • 1901 F. Van Wyck Mason, American historian and author (Three Harbours), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • 1903 Charles Bruce Perry, Professor of Medicine (Bristol University) (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Thomas Allibone, English physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration), born in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England (d. 2003)
  • 1904 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (one of the founders of homotopy theory), born in Madras, India (d. 1960)
  • 1905 Israel Aaron Maisels, South African lawyer and communal leader, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)

Person of interestJoseph Gilbert Hamilton

1907 Joseph G. Hamilton, American physician who was a pioneer of using radioactive isotopes in disease treatment and diagnosis, born in Waverley, Massachusetts (d. 1957)

  • 1910 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, born in Pidvolochysk, Galicia (d. 1996)

Person of interestRaemer Schreiber

1910 Raemer Schreiber, American physicist (Manhattan Project) who helped develop the first atomic bomb during World War II and prepared the Fat Man bomb that was used in the bombing of Nagasaki, born in McMinnville, Oregon (d. 1998)

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Raemer Schreiber
  • 1912 Cissie Elizabeth Charlton, football matriarch
  • 1912 Thomas C. Mann, American diplomat (U.S. Ambassador to Mexico), born in Laredo, Texas (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Daisy Bates, American civil rights activist and publisher, born in Huttig, Union County Arkansas (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Perry Richardson Bass, American heir, investor and philanthropist, born in Wichita Falls, Texas (d. 2006)
  • 1914 Henry Wade, American lawyer (Dallas County District Attorney 1951-87), born in Rockwall County, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Bernhard Heiliger, German artist and sculptor, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1995)
  • 1915 William Proxmire, American politician (Sen-D-WI, 1957-88), born in Lake Forest, Illinois (d. 2005)
  • 1916 Eladio Rusconi, writer/publisher/businessman
  • 1917 Mack Reynolds, American sci-fi author (Earth War), born in Corcoran, California (d. 1983)
  • 1919 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (Iijoki), born in Taivalkoski, Finland (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Roy Jenkins, British MP (Labour, Liberal Democrates), President of the European Commission (1977-81), born in Abersychan, Monmouthshire (d. 2003)
  • 1921 Terrel Bell, American politician (2nd United States Secretary of Education 1981-84), born in Lava Hot Springs, Idaho (d. 1996)

Person of interestKurt Vonnegut

1922 Kurt Vonnegut Jr, American author (Slaughterhouse Five, Sirens of Titan), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2007)

  • 1924 Piet van der Sanden, Dutch journalist and politician (CDA), born in Gouda, Netherlands (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Leonard Wolfson, Baron Wolfson, English businessman and multi-millionaire
  • 1927 Maati Bouabid, Prime Minister of Morocco (1979-83), born in Casablanca, Morocco (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Edward Zorinsky, American (Sen-D-NB, 1976-88), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1987)
  • 1928 Carlos Fuentes, Mexican author (The Death of Artemio Cruz), born in Panama City, Panama (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Hans Magnus Enzensberger, German writer, born in Kaufbeuren, Germany
  • 1929 Olle Nygren, Swedish speedway rider (World Team Cup 1960; World C'ship 1954 3rd; World Longtrack C'ship 1961 runner-up), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2021)
  • 1930 Kenneth Fleetwood, English fashion designer (Hardy Amies, dressed Queen Elizabeth II), born in Wigan, England (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Hugh Everett, American physicist (many-worlds-interpretation of quantum physics), born in Washington D.C. (d. 1982)
  • 1931 Pete Stark, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1973-2013), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2020)
  • 1937 Stephen Lewis, Canadian politician and diplomat

Person of interestDaniel Ortega

1945 Daniel Ortega, Nicaraguan politician (President of Nicaragua, 1985-90, 2007-), born in La Libertad, Nicaragua

President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader Daniel Ortega
President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader
Daniel Ortega
  • 1946 Corrine Brown, American politician convicted on corruption charges (Rep-D-Florida 1993-2017), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1946 Vladimir Alekseyevich Soloviyov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-10, T-15, TM-10), born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • 1947 Callum Alexander MacDonald, Scottish historian, born in Eaglesham, Renfrewshire (d. 1997)
  • 1947 Pat "Dirty" Daugherty, American rocker (Black Oak Arkansas)
  • 1950 Mircea Dinescu, Romanian poet, born in Slobozia, Romania
  • 1951 Kim Peek, American megasavant (inspired Rain Man film character), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2009)
  • 1953 Kostas Skandalidis, Greek politician, born in Kos, Greece
  • 1954 Mary Gaitskill, American writer, born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • 1955 Jigme Singye Wangchuk, king of Bhutan (1972-2006), born in Thimphu, Bhutan
  • 1959 Lee Haney, American bodybuilder (8x Mr. Olympia), born in Fairburn, Georgia
  • 1961 Yuri Milner, Russian physicist and entrepreneur, established the Breakthrough Prize, born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • 1965 Brian Wilson, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in NYC, New York
  • 1970 Lee Parkin Starsky, daughter of Ringo
  • 1970 Lee Battersby, Australian sci-fi and horror author, born in Nottingham, England
  • 1981 Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in Luxembourg City
  • 1982 Brittny Gastineau, American socialite ( Brüno), born in New York City
  • 1987 Yuya Tegoshi, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS and Tegomass), born in Yokohama, Japan

Weddings in History

  • 1100 Anglo Norman King Henry I marries Princess Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey

LoveWedding of Interest

1838 Emma Wedgwood accepts English naturalist Charles Darwin's marriage proposal

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

LoveWedding of Interest

1858 20th US President James Garfield (26) weds Lucretia Rudolph (26) in Hiram, Ohio

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1860 1st Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires Argentina

LoveWedding of Interest

1980 Novelist Norman Mailer (57) weds Norris Church (31) in Brooklyn, New York

Novelist Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer

Deaths in History

  • 307 Flavius Valerius Severus, compassionate emperor of Rome (306-07), dies
  • 397 Martinus, (St Maarten), Roman bishop of Tours, dies at about 81
  • 405 Arsacius, intruding archbishop of Constantinople
  • 683 Yazid I [Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya Lanatullah], second Umayyad caliph (680–683), dies at 36
  • 826 Theodore the Studite, Byzantine theologist/poet/saint, dies
  • 865 Petronas the Patrician, Byzantine General
  • 1150 Hartbert, bishop of Utrecht (1140-50), dies
  • 1331 Stefanus VIII Uros III Decanski, king of Serbia (1322-31), dies
  • 1528 Lucas van Prague, Czech leader of Bohemian Brothers, dies at about 68
  • 1623 Philippe de Mornay (or Philippe Du-Plessis-Mornay), French writer, dies at 74
  • 1638 Cornelis Cornelisz, "of Haarlem", painter, dies at about 76
  • 1675 Thomas Willis, English Physician (epidemiology, anatomy of the brain and nervous system), dies at 54
  • 1675 Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, ninth Nanak, 9th of 10 Guru of the Sikhs, executed under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb at 54
  • 1724 Joseph Blake, alias "Blueskin", a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London. (b. c. 1700)
  • 1755 Johan van de Bergh, Leids regent, dies at 91
  • 1772 John Mauritius Quinkhard, portrait painter, dies at 84
  • 1810 Johann/John Zoffany, German painter (Tribuna degl' Uffizi), dies at 77
  • 1812 Platon Levshin, Metropoitan of Moscow (b. 1737)

BattleNat Turner

1831 Nat Turner, slave rebel who led a violent insurrection in Virginia, hanged at 31

Rebel Slave Nat Turner
Rebel Slave
Nat Turner
  • 1855 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, dies at 42
  • 1861 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), dies at 24
  • 1862 James Madison Porter, American politician (b. 1793)
  • 1871 William Lonsdale, English geologist and paleontologist (fossil coral), dies at 77
  • 1880 Lucretia Mott, American Quaker, abolitionist and women's right activist (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies at 87

BattleNed Kelly

1880 Ned Kelly, Australian outlaw and bushranger, executed at 25

Bushranger and Outlaw Ned Kelly
Bushranger and Outlaw
Ned Kelly
  • 1884 Alfred Brehm German zoologist (b. 1827)
  • 1886 Paul Bert, Auxerre, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body made possible space and ocean exploration, dies of dysentery at 53
  • 1912 Jose Canalejas Y Mendez, premier Spain, murdered
  • 1917 Liliuokalani [Lydia Kamakaʻeha], last queen of Hawaii (1891-93), dies from a stroke at 79
  • 1918 Victor Adler, Austrian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), dies at 66
  • 1918 George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier, last person to be killed in WW I (b. 1892)
  • 1927 Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen, Danish Botanist and Geneticist who provided evidence for Hugo de Vries' mutation theory, dies at 70
  • 1931 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)

Person of interestTyphoid Mary

1938 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient best known as 'Typhoid Mary' and the first person in the United States known to be immune to typhoid, dies at 69

  • 1939 Jan Opletal, Czech student, victim of Nazi violence in Prague
  • 1942 Anton Hendrik Blaauw, Dutch botanist (Perception of the Lichtes), dies at 60
  • 1944 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), dies at 79
  • 1947 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (That Drawer Jahwes), dies at 64
  • 1955 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1913-18), dies at 87
  • 1962 René Coty, French politician, President of France (1954-59), dies at 80
  • 1964 H[enry] Beam Piper, American sci-fi author (4 Day Planet), dies at 60
  • 1971 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, dies at 86
  • 1971 A. P. Herbert, English journalist and writer (Punch, Helen), dies at 81
  • 1973 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish Chemist and Nobel laureate, dies at 78

Person of interestAlexander Calder

1976 Alexander Calder, American sculptor (mobiles), dies at 78

  • 1977 Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist & political activist, dies at 27
  • 1984 Martin Luther King Sr, US vicar and father of MLK Jr., dies at 84
  • 1987 Lowell T. Coggeshall, American medical scientist and US Secretary of HEW (1956-58), dies at 86
  • 1987 Nico Slothouwer, poet (Liefdesstratenplan), commits suicide at 30
  • 1992 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Petrushenko, cosmonaut, dies at 50
  • 1992 Giulio Carlo Argan, Italian art critic/mayor of Rome, dies at 83
  • 1992 Peter Gretton, British vice admiral, dies at 80

Person of interestH. R. Haldeman

1993 H. R. Haldeman, Nixon's White House Chief of Staff during Watergate, dies at 67

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman
Nixon's White House Chief of Staff
H. R. Haldeman
  • 1994 Frances Tustin, English child psychologist, dies at 81
  • 1994 Pedro Zamora, Cuban American AIDS Activist, dies at 22
  • 1994 John Volpe, American politician (61st and 63rd Governor of Massachusetts) and U.S. Secretary of Treasury (1969-73), dies at 85
  • 1995 Jean-Louis Curtis [Albert Laffitte], French novelist (The Forests of the Night), dies at 78
  • 1995 Charles Scribner Jr, American publisher, dies at 74
  • 1995 Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party), dies while undergoing treatment for lung cancer at 79
  • 1995 René Wellek, Czech-American writer (Concepts of Criticism), dies at 92
  • 1999 Jacobo Timmerman, Argentine writer and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2000 Hugo Pos, Surinamese-Dutch poet and writer, dies at 86

Person of interestYasser Arafat

2004 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, dies in Paris at 75

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 2005 Patrick Anson, 5th Earl of Lichfield, British photographer, dies at 66
  • 2005 Peter Drucker, Austrian-American management theorist, dies at 95
  • 2006 Harry Lehotsky, American Canadian pastor and activist, dies at 49
  • 2009 Dhanpat Rai Nahar, Indian labour leader (b. 1919)
  • 2011 Georges Papy, Belgian mathematician (Numbers Game), dies at 91
  • 2012 Rex Hunt, British diplomat and Governor of the Falkland Islands (1982-1985), dies at 86
  • 2013 Eddie McGrady, Northern Irish politician (SDLP) unseated Enoch Powell, dies at 78
  • 2016 Ilse Aichinger, Austrian writer (Die größere Hoffnung), dies at 95
  • 2020 Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Bahraini royal and politician, world's longest serving Prime Minister (1970-2020), dies at 84