On This Day

On This Day in History for November 16

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

13 General Tiberius' (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany

Roman Emperor Tiberius
Roman Emperor
Tiberius
  • 534 Second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus published
  • 1491 An auto de fe, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
  • 1519 City of Havana moved to its current location to avoid mosquito infestations

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1532 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
Last Inca Emperor Atahualpa
Last Inca Emperor
Atahualpa
  • 1572 Troops under Don Frederik (the Spanish General Fadrique Alvarez de Toledo) occupy and plunder Zutphen, Netherlands

Murder of InterestIvan the Terrible Kills His Son

1581 Tsar Ivan the Terrible attacks his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich, with a scepter after an argument leading to the latter's death three days later

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The painting
The painting "Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan" by Russian painter Ilya Repin
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  • 1632 Battle of Lützen: Sweden beats imperial armies under Albrect von Wallenstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1669 French state funeral for Henrietta Maria, princess of France, widow of English King Charles I, at St Denis with famous oration by Bishop Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet

Bishop and Writer Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
Bishop and Writer
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
  • 1676 1st colonial prison organized in Nantucket, Massachusetts
  • 1677 French troops occupy Freiburg
  • 1700 Monarch of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
  • 1763 English journalist John Wilkes injured in a duel
  • 1764 Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac
  • 1771 West Indian Company & Amsterdam divide up Suriname
  • 1776 1st gun salute for an American warship in a foreign port - US Andrew Doria at Fort St Eustatius (Dutch Caribbean isalnd)

  • 1776 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution
  • 1798 Kentucky becomes first state to nullify an act of Congress
  • 1801 First edition of New York Evening Post
  • 1805 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • 1824 New York City's Fifth Avenue opens for business

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1835 Extracts from Letters to Henslow, a collection of letters written by Charles Darwin during his voyage on the Beagle, is published

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1840 New Zealand officially becomes a British colony
  • 1841 Life preservers made of cork are patented by Napoleon Guerin (NYC)
  • 1849 Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor
  • 1856 Amsterdam post office at Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal opens
  • 1859 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's play "Groza" (The Storm) premieres in Moscow
  • 1863 Battle of Campbell's Station TN, 492 causalities
  • 1864 Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia
  • 1870 Spanish Parliament, "the Cortes" formally elects Italian Prince Amedeo Ferdinando Maria as King Amadeo I of Spain
  • 1871 National Rifle Association is first chartered in the State of New York
  • 1875 Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1875 William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
  • 1882 British gunboat HMS Flirt fires at & destroys Abari village in Niger
  • 1894 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
  • 1894 French captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki, West Africa

  • 1901 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
  • 1905 Dutch Russian Count Witte becomes Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1907 Oklahoma becomes the United States 46th state
  • 1914 Federal Reserve System formally opens
  • 1914 Pope Benedict XV calls for peace

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1916 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000
  • 1917 British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa
  • 1918 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • 1919 Admiral Miklós Horthy, head of the Hungarian National Army, seizes Budapest and will later become regent of the restored Kingdom of Hungary
  • 1920 Australia's Qantas airways founded in Winton, Queensland as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited
  • 1920 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Conn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Pope Pius XI calls on Belgian people to unite

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI

TurkeyEnd of the Ottoman Empire

1922 Ottoman Caliph, Sultan Mehmed VI asks the British army for help

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The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
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  • 1925 American Association for Advancement of Atheism forms (NY)
  • 1925 Philip Barry's "In a Garden" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Brazilian President Getulio Vargas declares himself dictator

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1933 Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1936 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • 1938 K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
  • 1938 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • 1939 German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
  • 1940 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1941 German troops conquer Kertsh (probably)
  • 1942 Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed
  • 1943 World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1944 US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • 1945 Yeshiva College (University), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
  • 1945 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • 1945 Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96)
  • 1947 15,000 demonstrate in Brussels against mild sentence of nazis
  • 1950 Egyptian King Faruk demands departure of all British troops
  • 1950 UN gets US government approval to issue postage stamps
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman proclaims emergency crisis caused by communist threat
  • 1952 Papagos' Greek Concentratie wins Greeks parliamentary election
  • 1955 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco

MurderMurder of Interest

1957 American murderer and bodysnatcher Ed Gein kills his last victim

Murderer and Body Snatcher Ed Gein
Murderer and Body Snatcher
Ed Gein
  • 1960 NL batting champion Dick Groat wins MVP
  • 1961 United Kingdom limits immigration from Commonwealth countries

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 US President JFK decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing US combat troops

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
  • 1963 Toledo, OH newspaper strike began
  • 1964 Radio CJCX Sydney Nova Scotia (Canada) starts shortwave transmission
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1965 Venera 3 launched, 1st to land on another planet (crashes into Venus)
  • 1966 Dr Sam Sheppard freed by a jury after 9 years in jail
  • 1968 The Derry Citizens Action Committee defies a ban on marches in Derry, Northern Ireland, by marching with an estimated 15,000 people
  • 1969 1968 Mỹ Lai massacre of between 347 and 504 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians by US soldiers is first reported
  • 1970 Two men are shot dead by the Irish Republican Army (IRA)
  • 1970 South Vietnamese Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky defends operations in Cambodia because communist forces could overrun South Vietnam "within 24 hours" if troops operating there were withdrawn
  • 1971 The Compton inquiry is published, acknowledging that there was ill-treatment of internees, but rejected claims of systematic brutality or torture (Northern Ireland)
  • 1971 The US increase air activity to support the Cambodian government as fighting neared Phnom Penh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath warns against a Unilateral Declaration of Independence

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US President Richard Nixon authorizes construction of the Alaskan pipeline

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1973 Skylab 4 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1974 1st intentional interstellar radio message sent, Arecibo telescope towards M 41, a cluster of stars some 25,000 light years away
  • 1974 ABBA begin their first tour of Europe - their first tour outside of Sweden
  • 1976 René Levesque's Parti Québécois wins elections in Quebec

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 President Reagan decides on a covert plan to block the Cuban aid to Nicaragua and El Salvador

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1982 5th space shuttle mission: Columbia lands at Edwards Air Force Base after 5 days in space, completing its 1st operational flight
  • 1982 Agreement reached ending 57 day football strike

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1982 Tom Stoppard's play "The Real Thing" premieres in London starring Felicity Kendal and Roger Rees

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • 1984 14th Shuttle Mission (51A) -Discovery 2- lands at Kennedy Center

Birthdays in History


Person of interestTiberius

42 BC Tiberius Claudius Nero, Roman emperor (14 AD-37 AD), born in Rome (d. 37 AD)

Roman Emperor Tiberius
Roman Emperor
Tiberius
  • 1436 Leonardo Loredan, Doge of the Republic of Venice (d. 1521)
  • 1587 Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet and dramatist (Jephtha), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1679)
  • 1603 Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior, born in Iwanowice, Kalisz, Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1609 Henrietta Maria, French-born daughter of Henry IV of France and Queen Consort of England (d. 1669)
  • 1642 Cornelis Evertsen the Youngest, Dutch admiral and buccaneer of Zeeland, born in Vlissingen, Netherlands (d. 1706)
  • 1643 Jean Chardin, French explorer (Middle East and India), born in Paris (d. 1713)
  • 1653 Joan van Hoorn, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1707-09), born in Amsterdam (d. 1711)
  • 1664 Abraham Alewijn, Dutch poet and playwright (Puiterveense Helleveeg), born in Amsterdam (d. 1721)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert

1717 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), born in Paris (d. 1783)

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • 1730 Gualtherus van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician, born in Philippine, Zealand, Netherlands (d. 1783)
  • 1758 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist, born in Vordingborg, Denmark (d. 1841)
  • 1762 Petronella Moens, Frisian author and feminist, born in Kûbaard, Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • 1770 Étienne Pivert de Senancour, French author (Obermann), born in Paris (d. 1846)
  • 1793 Francis Danby, Irish painter, born in County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1861)
  • 1822 Charles Smith Hamilton, American Major General (Union Army), born in Westernville, New York (d. 1891)
  • 1835 Elliott Warren Rice, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1887)
  • 1835 Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Cremona, Lombardy, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • 1836 David Kalākaua, King of the Hawaiian Islands (1874-91), born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1891)
  • 1839 Louis-Honoré Fréchette, Canadian poet, born in Lévis, Canada (d. 1908)
  • 1841 Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor, born in Langres, France (d. 1923)
  • 1847 Edmund James Flynn, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Quebec), born in Percé, Canada (d. 1927)
  • 1854 Jules van den Heuvel, Belgian lawyer and politician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1885 Mikiel Gonzi, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Malta (1944-76), born in Vittoriosa, Birgu, Malta (d. 1984)
  • 1887 Philip H. Frohman, American architect (Washington National Cathedral), born in NYC, New York (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Clinton Golden, Penn, founder (United Steelworkers of America)
  • 1888 Henri Bosco, French author and poet (Gogol), born in Avignon, France (d. 1976)
  • 1889 August Croegaert, Flemish liturgist
  • 1889 George S. Kaufman, American playwright (This is Show Business), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1961)

Person of interestElpidio Quirino

1890 Elpidio Quirino, 6th President of Philippines (1949-53), born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, Philippines (d. 1956)

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
  • 1890 George Seldes, American investigative journalist, born in Alliance Colony, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • 1892 Guo Moruo, Chinese scholar and writer, born in Leshan, Sichuan, China (d. 1978)
  • 1893 Cornelis Jakob van der Klauw, Dutch biologist and zoologist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1972)
  • 1894 Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian-Japanese politician, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1972)
  • 1895 Eduard Bagritsky, Russian-Soviet poet and journalist (South-West), born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • 1895 Michael Arlen [Dikran Kouyoumdjian], British author and scriptwriter (An American Verdict), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1956)
  • 1896 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, born in London (d. 1980)
  • 1896 Joan Lindsay, Australian author (Picnic at Hanging Rock), born in St Kilda East, Victoria, Australia (d. 1984)
  • 1897 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), born in Garhshankar, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • 1899 Mary Margaret McBride, American radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC), born in Paris, Missouri (d. 1976)
  • 1904 Frederik van der Meer, Dutch archaeologist and art historian, born in Bolsward (d. 1994)
  • 1904 Nnamdi Azikiwe, 1st President of Nigeria (1963-66), born in Zungeru, Northern Nigeria Protectorate (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Anton [Tom] Koolhaas, Dutch author (Gekke Witte), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1916 Daws Butler, American animation voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 1988)
  • 1922 Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist who designed the IBM mainframe, born in Flandreau, South Dakota (d. 2015)

Person of interestJosé Saramago

1922 José Saramago, Portuguese writer and Nobel laureate, born in Azinhaga, Santarém, Portugal (d. 2010)

Novelist José Saramago
Novelist
José Saramago
  • 1924 Joep de Boer, Dutch naval officer and politician (CDA), born in Venlo, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • 1925 Michel Jouvet, French neuroscientist and medical researcher who discovered the region of the brain that controls rapid eye movement (REM sleep), born in Lons-le-Saunier, Jura, France (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Renate Rubinstein, German-Dutch author and columnist (Tamar), born in Berlin (d. 1990)
  • 1930 Alice Adams, American sculptor, born in NYC, New York

Person of interestChinua Achebe

1930 Chinua Achebe, Nigerian author (Christmas in Biafra), born in Ogidi, Anambra, Nigeria (d. 2013)

Novelist and Poet Chinua Achebe
Novelist and Poet
Chinua Achebe
  • 1930 Salvatore Riina, Italian mobster and chief of the Sicilian Mafia, born in Corleone, Sicily, Italy (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist, born in Rapallo, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1935 Elizabeth Drew, American journalist (Politics & Money: The Road to Corruption), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1935 France-Albert René, 2nd President of Seychelles (1977-2004), born in Victoria, Crown Colony of Seychelles (d. 2019)
  • 1936 John Moore, Australian politician (Minister of Defence 1998-2001), born in Rockhampton, Queensland
  • 1938 Robert Nozick, American philosopher (Anarchy, State, and Utopia), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1941 Ann McLaughlin Korologos, 19th United States Secretary of Labor (1987-89), born in Chatham, New Jersey
  • 1944 Hugo Dittberner, German writer, born in Gieboldehausen, Germany
  • 1944 Oliver Braddick, British psychologist (research on infant visual perception)
  • 1948 Aline Issermann, French director (Amant Magnifiquew), born in Paris, France
  • 1948 Bonnie Greer, American-British playwright and critic, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1950 Carl J. Meade, Major USAF and NASA astronaut (STS 38, STS 50, 64), born in Chanute Air Force Base, Illinois
  • 1952 Robin McKinley, American writer (The Hero and the Crown), born in Warren, Ohio
  • 1952 Piero Falchetta, Italian archivist (Biblioteca Marciana), born in Venice, Italy
  • 1952 Shigeru Miyamoto, Japanese video game designer (Nintendo), born in Sonobe, Kyoto, Japan
  • 1954 Andrea Barrett, American novelist (Servants of the Map), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1954 Dick Gross, Australian politician
  • 1955 Pierre Larouche, Canadian National Hockey League player
  • 1957 Frank Milton "Pete" Higgins II, VP (Microsoft Desktop)
  • 1958 Roberto Guerrero, Medelin Colombia, Indy racer (Rookie of Year 1984)
  • 1958 Boris Krivokapić, Serbian academic
  • 1966 Tricia Cast, Medford NY, actress (Amanda-Bad News Bear, Young & Restless)
  • 1966 Tahir Shah, British travel writer and explorer
  • 1967 Craig Arnold, American poet
  • 1971 Donald Wolf, computer game creator
  • 1971 Koshi Rikdo, Japanese mangaka
  • 1976 Danny Wallace, British author, born in Dundee, United Kingdom
  • 1979 Tony Frias, American footballer, born in Hudson, Massachusetts
  • 1980 Nicole Gius, Italian alpine skier, born in Schlanders, Italy
  • 1980 Carol Huynh, 2008 Canadian Gold Medalist (48 kg. wrestling), born in Hazelton, Canada
  • 1985 Sanna Marin, Finnish politician, youngest-ever Prime Minister of Finland (2019-), born in Helsinki, Finland

Weddings in History

  • 1683 Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz marries Henriette Amalia

LoveWedding of Interest

1754 British PM William Pitt the Elder (46) weds Lady Hester Grenville (34) in Argyle Street, London

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder

LoveWedding of Interest

1933 Ramon Magsaysay, latter President of the Philippines (26) weds Luz Banzon (18) at Lourdes church in Manila

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • 1981 Luke marries Laura on TV soap "General Hospital" (16 million watch)

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1973 Sci-fi author Isaac Asimov (53) divorces Gertrude Blugerman after 31 years of marriage

Author and Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author and Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov

Deaths in History

  • 1240 Saint Edmund of Abingdon, English bishop (Archbishop of Canterbury, 1233-40), dies
  • 1240 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic and philosopher (The Meccan Revelations), dies at 75
  • 1272 Henry III, King of England (1216-72, Provisions of Oxford), dies at 65
  • 1328 Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1276)
  • 1512 Gerbrand Mockema, Fries rebel, beheaded
  • 1512 Jemme Herjuwsma, Fries rebel, beheaded
  • 1548 Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer, dies at 44
  • 1603 Pierre Charron, French philosopher/theologian, dies
  • 1613 Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
  • 1668 Antoon Anselmo, South Netherlands lawyer, dies at about 79
  • 1695 Pierre Nicole, French philosopher (b. 1625)
  • 1706 Cornelis Evertsen the Youngest, Dutch admiral and buccaneer, dies at 64
  • 1706 Godfried Schalcken, Dutch painter, etcher and engraver, dies at about 63
  • 1724 Jack Sheppard, English robber, hanged
  • 1745 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier, dies at 80
  • 1766 Dominikus Zimmermann, Bavarian Baroque architect and painter (Liebfrauenkirche), dies at 81
  • 1773 John Hawkesworth, English writer
  • 1779 Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)
  • 1785 Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist and mineralogist, dies at 76
  • 1790 Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1797 King Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744) Reigns 1786-97
  • 1802 André Michaux, French botanist, dies at 56
  • 1806 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
  • 1808 Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1831 Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian general and strategist (Campaign 1813), dies at 51
  • 1835 Louis Angely, German comedic poet (Paris in Pommern), dies at 48
  • 1836 Christian Hendrik Persoon, Dutch mycologist (b. 1761)
  • 1869 Hamiora Pere is hanged for treason at the Terrace Gaol, Wellington - only New Zealander ever to be executed for treason
  • 1884 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (b. 1835)

BattleLouis Riel

1885 Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader and "Father of Manitoba", hanged for treason at 41

Politician and Revolutionary Louis Riel
Politician and Revolutionary
Louis Riel
  • 1890 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian man of letters/librarian, dies at 71
  • 1907 Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma, dies at 59
  • 1908 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian politician (7th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia), dies at 78
  • 1911 Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (b. 1842)
  • 1922 Max Abraham, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • 1932 Carry van Bruggen [de Haan], Dutch author (Eva), dies at 51
  • 1934 Joachim Ringelantz, writer, dies
  • 1934 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, dies at 92
  • 1939 Pierce Butler, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1866)
  • 1943 Marcel Verhamme, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
  • 1945 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
  • 1948 Frederick Gardner Cottrell, American Inventor (electrostatic precipitator), dies at 71
  • 1950 "Dr. Bob" Smith, American physician and co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, dies of colon cancer at 71
  • 1954 Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist, dies at 80
  • 1955 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), dies at 88
  • 1958 Warner Fabian [S Adams], American author (Great American Fraud), dies at 87
  • 1958 J. W. F. Werumeus Buning, Dutch poet (Daily Bread), dies at 67
  • 1961 Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the House for 17 years, dies at 79
  • 1965 Alexander King, author (Jack Paar Show), dies at 66
  • 1965 William Thomas Cosgrave, President of the Irish Free State, dies at 85
  • 1965 Harry Blackstone Sr., American magician, dies at 80

Person of interestCluny MacPherson

1966 Cluny MacPherson, Canadian inventor of the gas mask, dies at 87

  • 1968 Greet Hofmans, faith healer of Dutch queen Juliana, dies at 74
  • 1973 Alan Watts, writer/popularizer of Zen, dies in Calif
  • 1974 Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner Effect), dies at 91
  • 1975 Ernst van Raalte, lawyer/minister-president, dies at 83
  • 1982 Lenny Murphy, Leader of Belfast's notorious Shankill Butchers (b. 1952)
  • 1982 Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov, Russian Mathematician (topology), dies at 86
  • 1985 John Sparkman, American politician (Sen-D-Alabama 1946-79, Rep-D-Alabama 1937-46), dies at 85
  • 1985 Stuart Chase, American writer and economist (The Tragedy of Waste), dies at 97
  • 1988 Lotte Stam-Beese, German/Neth architect, dies at about 85
  • 1989 Jean-Claude Malépart, Quebec politician (b. 1938)
  • 1993 Achille Zavatta, French clown (b. 1915)
  • 1995 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist, dies at 70
  • 1996 George Byatt, Scottish playwright (The Clyde Is Red), dies at 73
  • 1996 John Reginald Bevins, British Conservative politician, dies at 88
  • 1997 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), dies at 77
  • 1998 David Lane, British Conservative politician and CEO (Commission for Racial Equality), dies at 76
  • 1999 Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist (Nobel 1978 - discovery of restriction enzymes and their application in restriction mapping), dies at 71
  • 2000 DJ Screw, American hiphop DJ (b. 1971)
  • 2003 Bettina Goislard, French relief worker (b. 1974)
  • 2004 Margaret Hassan, Irish aid worker in Iraq, abducted at 59 (presumed dead)
  • 2005 Donald Watson, English founder of the Vegan Society (b. 1910)
  • 2005 Henry Taube, Canadian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)

Person of interestMilton Friedman

2006 Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel Prize Economics 1976, dies at 94

Economist Milton Friedman
Economist
Milton Friedman
  • 2006 Yuri Levada, Russian sociologist (b. 1930)
  • 2007 Harold Alfond, American businessman and founder of Dexter Shoe Company, dies at 93
  • 2010 Wyngard Tracy, Filipino talent manager (b. 1952)
  • 2010 Donald Nyrop, American airline executive (b. 1912)
  • 2013 Chris Argyris, American business theorist and educator, dies at 90
  • 2015 Stephen Birmingham, American author (Real Lace: America's Irish Rich, dies at 86
  • 2016 Melvin Laird, politician (Rep-R-Mich), US Secretary of Defense (1969-73), dies at 94
  • 2016 Jay Forrester, American engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, dies at 98
  • 2019 Terry O'Neill, British fashion and celebrity photographer, dies of prostate cancer at 81