On This Day

On This Day in History for November 17

Events in History

  • 473 The future Zeno I is named associate emperor by Emperor Leo I.
  • 1183 Battle of Mizushima: Japanese Taira clan defeat the Minamoto
  • 1278 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
  • 1292 (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scots.
  • 1511 England, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire sign anti-French covenant The Treaty of Westminster
  • 1555 William of Orange becomes member of Council of State

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1558 Elizabeth I aged 25, ascends the English throne upon death of her half sister, Queen "Bloody" Mary

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1558 The Church of England is re-established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 English explorer, writer and courtier Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh
  • 1636 Henrique Dias, Brazilian general, wins a decisive battle against the Dutch in Brazil
  • 1659 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain
  • 1734 John Zenger, arrested for libel against NY colonial governor; later acquitted
  • 1774 First City Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry formed at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia, one of the oldest US military units still in service
  • 1785 Church of England organizes in New England

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Battle of Arcole ends in Venice: French forces, under Brigadier General Napoleon Bonaparte defeat an Austrian force led by József Alvinczi after a 3 day battle

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1798 Beginning of a 5 day New England Blizzard that covers thousands of houses and kills hundreds
  • 1800 Congress holds its 1st session in Washington, D.C. in an incomplete Capitol Building
  • 1812 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow
  • 1827 The Delta Phi fraternity, America's oldest continuous social fraternity, founded at Union College in Schenectady, New York
  • 1831 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia
  • 1842 Fugitive slave George Latimer captured in Boston
  • 1853 Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1856 On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1858 Origin of Modified Julian Period
  • 1862 Confederate Secretary of War George B Randolph resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Union General Ambrose Burnside marches north out of Washington, D.C., to begin the Fredericksburg campaign

Union General, Politician and Industrialist Ambrose Burnside
Union General, Politician and Industrialist
Ambrose Burnside
  • 1863 -Dec 4th) Battle of Knoxville, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Abraham Lincoln begins 1st draft of his Gettysburg Address

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1869 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas
  • 1873 Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • 1874 Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire & sinks off Auckland, NZ
  • 1875 Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott
  • 1877 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
  • 1877 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • 1878 First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy
  • 1885 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • 1889 Union Pacific begins daily through service, Chicago-Portland & San Francisco
  • 1894 Daily Racing Form founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Serial killer H. H. Holmes is arrested in Boston after being tracked there from Philadelphia by the Pinkertons

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • 1903 Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1903 In the Treaty of Petropolis, Bolivia cedes the territory of Arce to Brazil; Bolivia gains rail and water outlets in the east
  • 1905 The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
  • 1913 1st US dental hygienists course forms, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1913 The first ship sails through the Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
  • 1914 US declares Panama Canal Zone neutral

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Lenin defends "temporary" removal of freedom of the press

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1918 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • 1918 German troops evacuate Brussels

TurkeyEnd of the Ottoman Empire

1922 The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, is expelled to Malta on a British warship

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The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
Learn More
  • 1927 Tornado hits Washington, D.C.
  • 1928 Boston Garden officially opens
  • 1928 Notre Dame finally loses a football game at home after 23 years
  • 1929 Pascual Ortiz Rubio elected president of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Nikolai Bukharin is expelled from the Soviet Politburo amidst a power struggle with Joseph Stalin

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Charles Lindbergh inaugurates Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat "American Clipper"

  • 1932 German government of von Papen resigns
  • 1933 United States recognizes Soviet Union, opens trade
  • 1936 Edgar Bergen & Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
  • 1937 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
  • 1938 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • 1939 German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship
  • 1939 The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection is created.
  • 1945 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF
  • 1948 Britain's House of Commons votes to nationalize steel industry
  • 1951 Britain reports development of the world's first nuclear-powered heating system
  • 1953 The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland are evacuated to the mainland
  • 1953 United States joins the United Nations in condemning Israel's raid on Jordan on October 4, 1953
  • 1956 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1959 De Beers firm of South Africa announces synthetic diamond
  • 1959 William Shea shows proposed NYC stadium with transparent roof

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President JFK dedicates Dulles International Airport outside Washington, D.C.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1964 British Labour Party installs weapon embargo against South Africa
  • 1965 General Meeting of UN refuses admittance of People's Republic of China
  • 1965 The NVA ambushes American troops of the 7th Cavalry at Landing Zone Albany in the la Drang Valley, almost wiping them out
  • 1966 Leonids meteor shower peaks (150,000+ per hour)
  • 1967 French author Régis Debray sentenced to 30 years in Bolivia
  • 1967 Surveyor 6 becomes 1st man-made object to lift off Moon
  • 1968 Alexandros Panagoulis is condemned to death for attempting to assassinate Greek dictator George Papadopoulos
  • 1969 SALT-discussions open in Helsinki Finland
  • 1970 British newspaper Sun puts 1st pinup girl on page 3 (Stephanie Rahn)
  • 1970 Russia lands Lunokhod 1 unmanned remote-controlled vehicle on Moon

InventionHistoric Invention

1970 Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse

Computer Scientist Douglas Engelbart
Computer Scientist
Douglas Engelbart
  • 1973 Greek regime attacks students with tanks, 100s killed
  • 1973 Teri Garr plays role of a stripper on "The Nurse"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US President Richard Nixon tells AP "...people have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook"

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 Union of Banana Exporting Countries (UPEB) forms
  • 1974 Aliança Operário-Camponesa (Worker-Peasant Alliance) founded in Portugal as a front of PCP(m-l).
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1977 Bernard Pomerance's "Elephant Man" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat formally accepts invitation to visit Israel

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Ayatollah Khomeini frees most black & female US hostages

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979 NY Stars (WBL) home opener at Madison Square Garden in NYC
  • 1982 Dale Murphy wins NL MVP
  • 1983 Harm Wiersma retains checkers world championship
  • 1985 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on 92.3 WXRK FM New York, N.Y.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Neil Simon's "Rumors" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1989 Student demonstration in Prague put down by riot police, leading to an uprising (the Velvet Revolution) that will topple the communist government on Dec. 29
  • 1990 David Crosby breaks his left leg, ankle and shoulder in a motorcycle accident in Los Angeles, CA

Birthdays in History

Person of interestVespasian

9 Vespasian, Roman Emperor (AD 69-79), born in Falacrina, Italy (d. AD 79)

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor
  • 331 Flavius Claudius Julianus [Julian the Apostate], Emperor
  • 1503 Il Bronzino, Florentine painter (Eleanor de Toledo & her Son)
  • 1576 Roque Gonzales, Paraguayan missionary (d. 1628)
  • 1594 Johan van Beverwijck, Dutch physician/writer (Treasure of Health)
  • 1612 Dorgon, Manchu prince (d. 1650)
  • 1681 Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (d. 1776)
  • 1685 Pierre Gaultier, French-Canadian trader and explorer (d. 1749)
  • 1690 Noel-Nicolas Coypel, French painter/cartoonist
  • 1729 Maria Antonietta of Spain, queen of Sardinia (d. 1785)
  • 1752 Nicolas Appert, French inventor of airtight food preservation (food canning, bouillon tablet), born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France (d. 1841)

Person of interestLouis XVIII

1755 Louis XVIII, 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24), born in Versailles, France (d. 1824)

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • 1765 Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (d. 1840)
  • 1790 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1794 George Grote, British historian (History of Greece), born in Clay Hill, England (d. 1871)
  • 1794 John Barrien Montgomery, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1873)
  • 1799 Titian Ramsey Peale, American artist/naturalist (American Ornithology)
  • 1814 Joseph Finegan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • 1826 John McArthur, Scottish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Erskine, Scotland (d. 1906)
  • 1827 Petko Slavejkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 1895)
  • 1834 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1863)
  • 1835 Andrew L. Harris, governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
  • 1837 David Capriles, director of psychiatry of Monte Christo, Curacao
  • 1854 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17)
  • 1865 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins)
  • 1866 Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist (d. 1912)
  • 1876 Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck, mayor (Brussels, Belgium)
  • 1878 Grace Abbott, Grand Island Neb, social worker (US Children Bureau)
  • 1879 Gerardus H de Haas, socialist vicar
  • 1881 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, 1st Baron Hesketh, British peer, soldier, and politician
  • 1885 Henry de Man, Belgian sociologist/chairman (Belgian Workers Party)
  • 1886 Crane Wilbur, American director and writer (Bat, Canon City, Yellow Cargo), born in Athens, New York (d. 1973)

Person of interestBernard Montgomery

1887 Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, born in London (d. 1976)

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1890 Jack Cusack, pro football pioneer (Canton Bulldogs)
  • 1894 Eelco van Kleffens, minister of Foreign affairs (1939-46)/diplomat
  • 1894 Sophocles Venizelos, premier of Greece (1944, 50-51)
  • 1895 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher, born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1895 Gregorio López y Fuentes, Mexican author (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (d. 1934)
  • 1899 Roger Vitrac, French poet/dramatist (Coup of Trafalgar)
  • 1901 Walter Hallstein, West German politician (CDU) (Hallstein doctrine)
  • 1902 Eugene Paul Wigner, mathematician/physicist (A Bomb, Nobel 1963)
  • 1904 Isamu Noguchi, Japanese American sculptor (1963 Fine Arts Medal, Noguchi table), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1988)
  • 1904 Salomėja Nėris [Salomėja Bačinskaitė - Bučienė], Lithuanian poet, born in Kiršai, Poland (d. 1945)
  • 1905 Astrid of Sweden, Queen of the Belgians, first wife of King Leopold III (1934-35), born in Arvfurstens palats, Stockholm, Kingdom of Sweden (d. 1935)
  • 1905 Wazyk [Adam Wagman], Polish poet/author (Eyes & Mouth)
  • 1906 Soichiro Honda, Japan, founder/CEO (Honda Motor Co)
  • 1907 Israel Regardie, Aleister Crowley's secretary (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Nobutaka Shikanai, Japanese media CEO (Fujisankei Communications Group), born in Hokkaido, Japan (d. 1990) [1]
  • 1911 Christian Fouchet, French diplomat (d. 1974)
  • 1916 Winson Hudson, community activist (rural Mississippi)
  • 1919 Ludwig Freiherr von Hammerstein-Equord, German journalist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Albert Bertelsen, Danish painter
  • 1922 Emile Noel, international civil servant
  • 1923 Robert Francis Vere Heuston, British professor of law
  • 1925 Charles Mackerras, Australian conductor, born in Schenectady, New York
  • 1925 Colin Campbell Mitchell, soldier
  • 1925 Libby Newman, painter/printmaker/curator
  • 1927 Ellis Hillman, politician
  • 1929 Pieter A H Bos, Dutch lawyer/attorney general on Aruba
  • 1930 Brian Lenihan, snr, Irish politician and minister, born in Dundalk, County Louth (d. 1995)
  • 1934 James M Inhofe, (Rep-R-Oklahoma)
  • 1936 Leni van Rijn-Vellekoop, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1936 Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet (d. 2005)
  • 1938 Thomas Black, English industrial/auto collector
  • 1939 Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • 1941 Peter Hoagland, (Rep-D-Nebraska)
  • 1942 Khang Khek Leu 'Comrade Dutch', Cambodian Khmer Rouge figure convicted of crimes against humanity, born in Choyaot village, Cambodia (d. 2020)
  • 1944 Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect (Pritzker Prize 2000), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1944 Sarolta Monspart, Hungarian orienteering competitor (first non-Scandinavian female to win World C'ship 1972; 14 x national titles), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2021)
  • 1945 Jeremy Hanley, British Lower house member
  • 1945 Roland Joffe, director (City of Joy, Mission, Killing Fields)
  • 1946 Terry E. Branstad, Governor of Iowa
  • 1947 Rod Clements, English rocker (Lindisfarne), born in North Shields, Tyne and Wear
  • 1947 Stewkey [Robert Antoni], rocker
  • 1947 Steven E. de Souza, American scriptwriter and producer (Die Hard, Commando), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Inky Mark, Canadian politician
  • 1948 Howard Dean, American politician, Governor of Vermont (1991-2003), born in East Hampton, New York
  • 1948 Tom Wolf, American politician, Governor of Pennsylvania (2015-), born in Mount Wolf, Pennsylvania
  • 1949 John Boehner, (Rep-R-Ohio)
  • 1951 Jack Vettriano, Methil Scotland, Scottish painter (The Singing Butler)
  • 1952 Cyril Ramaphosa, South African activist and politician, President of South Africa (2018-), born in Soweto, South Africa
  • 1954 Mark "Chopper" Read, Australian criminal and crime author (Chopper: From the Inside), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2013)
  • 1960 Jonathan Ross, British talk show host (Tall Guy)
  • 1960 Kirk Fogg, host of Legends of the Hidden Temple
  • 1961 Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight 847 (d. 1985)

Person of interestChanda Kochhar

1961 Chanda Kochhar, Indian business woman (CEO of ICICI Bank), born in Jodhpur, India

Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank Chanda Kochhar
Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank
Chanda Kochhar
  • 1963 Pedro Luis Estrada, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1967 Ronnie Devoe, vocals (New Edition, Bell Div Devoe-Candy Girl), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1968 Robin Li [Li Yanhong], Chinese founder of the Chinese search engine Baidu, born in Yangquan, Shanxi
  • 1983 Christopher Paolini, American novelist

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1749 Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman (28) weds first wife Elizabeth Hartwell in Massachusetts

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman

LoveWedding of Interest

1934 Lyndon B. Johnson marries Claudia Alta Taylor

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson

LoveWedding of Interest

1950 Writer Jack Kerouac (28) weds Joan Haverty

Writer Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac
  • 1978 Gerald Lascelles, British aristocrat and son of Princess Mary weds 2nd wife Elizabeth Collingwood in Vienna

Deaths in History

  • 375 Valentinian I "The Great", Roman Co-Emperor and Ruler of Western Roman Empire (336-75), dies at 54
  • 474 Leo II, Byzantine Emperor (474), dies

Person of interestGregory of Tours

594 St Gregory of Tours, Frankisch bishop of Tours, dies at 55

Chronicler/Bishop Gregory of Tours
Gregory of Tours
  • 641 Emperor Jomei of Japan (b. 593)
  • 680 Hilda of Whitby, Christian saint and founding abbess of Whitby monastery (b. 614)
  • 885 Liutgard of Saxony, Queen of the Franks (876-882)
  • 1093 Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
  • 1231 Elisabeth of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1207)
  • 1302 St. Gertrude the Great (b. 1256)
  • 1326 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician, dies at 41
  • 1494 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1512 Kempo Roeper, Frisian rebel, quartered
  • 1525 Eleanor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal (1481-95), dies at 67
  • 1558 Reginald Pole, English cardinal/scholar/"heretic", dies at 58
  • 1558 Mary I 'Bloody Mary', English Queen of England (1553-58), dies at 42
  • 1562 Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre and father of Henry IV of France (b. 1518)
  • 1562 Antoine of Navarre [de Bourbon], King of Navarre, 1555-62), dies at 44
  • 1592 John III, King of Sweden (1568-92), dies at 54
  • 1600 Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
  • 1608 Adolf, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 22
  • 1632 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal, dies at 38
  • 1643 Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Marshal of France (b. 1602)
  • 1665 John Earle, English bishop
  • 1668 Joseph Alleine, English preacher (b. 1634)
  • 1690 Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier, dies at 80
  • 1713 Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1653)

BattleCalico Jack

1720 Calico Jack [John Rackham], English pirate captain who operated in the Bahamas and Cuba, executed for piracy by hanging in Port Royal at 37

Pirate Calico Jack
Calico Jack
  • 1747 Alain-René Lesage, French author (Le diable boiteux), dies at 79
  • 1757 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), dies at 57

Person of interestThomas Pelham-Holles

1768 Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1757-62), dies at 75

British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham-Holles
  • 1776 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, dies at 66
  • 1780 Bernardo Bellotto, Italian painter (b. 1720)
  • 1794 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, dies at 56
  • 1808 David Zeisberger, Moravian clergyman and missionary, dies at 87
  • 1808 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1818 Charlotte Sophia von Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of England, dies
  • 1848 Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert, Flemish lawyer, dies
  • 1849 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1858 Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • 1865 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, dies at 52
  • 1875 Hilario Ascasubi, Argentina author (pampa, gauchos & indians), dies
  • 1893 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria (1879-86), dies at 36
  • 1897 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • 1902 Hugh Price Hughes, Welsh Methodist Social reformer, dies at 55
  • 1905 Adolphe [Adolf Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich], Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1890-1905), dies at 88
  • 1905 Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders and son of Leopold I, dies at 68

Person of interestAuguste Rodin

1917 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Baiser, Thinker), dies at 77

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • 1917 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), dies at 56
  • 1921 Pa Chay Vue, Hmong Nationalist
  • 1922 Robert Comtesse, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1899-1912), dies at 75
  • 1926 Carl Akeley, American taxidermist and naturalist who developed the animal mount process and other techniques for museums, dies at 62
  • 1927 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), commits suicide at 44
  • 1928 Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author, politician, & freedom fighter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 Herman Hollerith, German/US statistician (punch card), dies at 69
  • 1931 John Paulus Lotsy, Dutch botanist and geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • 1931 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, dies at 77
  • 1934 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, dies at 51
  • 1938 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), dies at 74
  • 1940 Eric Gill, British sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1940 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (b. 1879)
  • 1941 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, commits suicide at 45
  • 1942 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • 1944 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), dies at 34
  • 1945 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, dies at 63
  • 1947 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", dies at 83
  • 1947 Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1962 Arthur Vining Davis, American industrialist and CEO (Alcoa-1910-57), dies at 95
  • 1968 Wilhelm Lehmann, German writer, dies at 86
  • 1968 Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (Gormenghast books), dies at 57
  • 1973 Mirra Richard [The Mother], French-born Indian spiritual leader (Sri Aurobindo), dies at 95
  • 1979 John Glassock, bass (Jethro Tull), dies at 27 following heart surgery
  • 1979 Immanuel Velikovsky, Russian writer (Worlds in Collision), dies at 84
  • 1982 Ruth Donnelly, comedienne, dies at 86 in NYC
  • 1986 Georges Besse, French president-director of Renault, murdered
  • 1988 Sheilah Graham, gossip columnist, dies of heart failure at 84
  • 1989 Gus Farace, American gangster (b. 1960)

Person of interestRobert Hofstadter

1990 Robert Hofstadter, American atomic physicist and Nobel laureate (electron scattering in atomic nuclei), dies at 75

  • 1991 John Blatnik, (Rep-Minn, 1947-75), dies at 80
  • 1992 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), dies of cancer at 58
  • 1993 Gérard D. Levesque, Canadian politician, dies at 67
  • 1994 G Waller, German/Swiss movie journalist (NRC/Variety), dies at 82
  • 1995 Edward LeBone Molotlegi, chief of the Bafokeng, dies at 66
  • 1995 John Prickett, teacher/ecumenist, dies at 88
  • 1995 Marguerite Young, writer, dies at 87
  • 1996 Andrew John Fairclough, trade union educator, dies at 45
  • 2000 Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2002 Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (b. 1915)
  • 2011 Olin Branstetter, American businessman and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2012 Margaret Yorke, English crime fiction writer, dies at 88
  • 2013 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist and Nobel laureate (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), dies at 94
  • 2013 Omprakash Valmiki, Indian Dalit writer and poet (Joothan), dies of stomach cancer at 63
  • 2017 Salvatore Riina, Italian mobster and chief of the Sicilian Mafia, dies at
  • 2017 Azzedine Alaïa, Tunisian-born fashion designer, dies at 82