On This Day in History for November 18

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148

  • 326 Old St. Peter's Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th - 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica
  • 794 Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
  • 1105 Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I
  • 1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
  • 1307 William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son's head
  • 1421 Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands
  • 1424 Storm flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 1477 First English dated printed book "Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers" by William Caxton
  • 1494 French King Charles VIII occupies Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama reaches the Cape of Good Hope

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1626 St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated, replacing earlier basilica, world's largest Christian basilica
  • 1667 Treaty of Bongaja: King Hassan-Udin of Makasar & VOC
  • 1686 Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practising the surgery on several peasants.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1718 Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • 1738 France & Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1742 Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Carlisle
  • 1755 Worst quake in Massachusetts Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths reported
  • 1776 Hessians capture Ft Lee, NJ
  • 1787 First Unitarian minister in US ordained, Boston
  • 1803 Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • 1804 Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • 1805 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • 1820 Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
  • 1833 Netherlands & Belgium sign Treaty of Zonhoven

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1837 Letter by Göttingen Seven published protesting abolition of constitution of Kingdom of Hanover, by seven professors including Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

  • 1852 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • 1852 Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • 1861 The first provisional meeting of the Confederate Congress is held in Richmond, Virginia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1865 Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1874 National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • 1883 Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
  • 1883 Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
  • 1889 Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • 1893 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
  • 1894 Richard Outcault's early comic strip "Origin of a New Species" published in World
  • 1899 Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
  • 1901 The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
  • 1902 Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names the teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt
  • 1903 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
  • 1904 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London

  • 1905 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
  • 1906 Langdon Mitchell's "New York Idea" premieres in NYC
  • 1906 Anarchist's bomb St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
  • 1909 US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
  • 1911 Britain's first seaplane flies
  • 1912 Cholera breaks out in Constantinople, in the Ottoman Empire
  • 1913 Lincoln Deachey performs first airplane loop-the-loop (San Diego)

BattleBattle of Interest

1916 General Douglas Haig finally calls off 1st Battle of the Somme (WWI) - over 1 million killed or wounded

General and WWI Military Leader Douglas Haig
General and WWI Military Leader
Douglas Haig

  • 1917 Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1918 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • 1918 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • 1920 Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1922 Turkish National Assembly nominates Abdul Medjid kalief
  • 1926 Pope Pius XI encyclical On persecution of Church in Mexico
  • 1929 Large earthquake in Atlantic breaks transatlantic cable in 28 places

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Joseph Stalin routes troops to Manchuria

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1930 Sōka Kyōiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1936 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
  • 1938 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 1939 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • 1939 The Irish Republican Army explodes three bombs in Piccadilly Circus
  • 1940 George Matesky, New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
  • 1941 British troops open attack on Tobruk, North Africa
  • 1941 Jerome Chodorov/Joseph Fields' "Junior Miss" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1942 Thornton Wilders "Skin of our Teeth" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 First US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
  • 1943 444 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1943 U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1949 The U.S. Air Force grounds B-29s after two crashes and 23 deaths in three days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 South Korea President Syngman Rhee forced to end mass executions

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1951 "See it Now" premieres on TV
  • 1951 British troops occupy Ismailiya, Egypt
  • 1953 Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) accept female suffrage
  • 1955 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • 1956 Morocco gains independence
  • 1957 Tunisia refuses Russian weapons
  • 1958 1st true reservoir in Jerusalem opens
  • 1958 Indians minority stockholders sell their stock to William Delay
  • 1959 Wash Senator Bob Allison wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1960 Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
  • 1963 Bell Telephone introduces the touch-tone telephone to customers in Pennsylvania
  • 1963 Dartford-Purfleet tunnel under River Thames opens
  • 1963 King Hassan II opens 1st parliament in Morocco
  • 1964 Baltimore Oriole Brooks Robinson wins AL MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 J. Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as "most notorious liar"

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Twins SS Zoilo Versalles is named AL MVP
  • 1966 Sandy Koufax announces his retirement due to arthritic left elbow
  • 1966 US Roman Catholic bishops ends rules against eating meat on Fridays
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 British government devalues pound from US equivalent of $2.80 to $2.40
  • 1968 Soviets recover the Zond 6 spacecraft after a flight around the moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Linus Pauling declares large doses of Vitamin C could ward off colds

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • 1970 Netherlands & Albania form diplomatic relations

Birthdays in History

  • 1522 Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (d. 1568)
  • 1527 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter/sculptor
  • 1584 Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp
  • 1630 Eleanor Gonzaga, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
  • 1727 Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist (d. 1773)
  • 1774 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • 1785 David Wilkie, British artist (d. 1841)

Person of interestSojourner Truth

1787 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883)

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth

Person of interestLouis-Jacques Daguerre

1787 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, France (d. 1851)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1803 Cornelius Broere, Dutch priest/poet
  • 1804 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (d. 1878)
  • 1810 Asa Gray, botanist (Flora of North America), born in Sauquoit, New York
  • 1810 Benjamin Stone Roberts, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Manchester, Vermont (d. 1875)
  • 1812 Jesse Johnson Finley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1904)
  • 1824 Franz Sigel, German teacher, newspaperman, politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1824 Isham Nicholas Hayne, American lawyer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Dover, Tennessee (d. 1868)
  • 1832 Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Swedish explorer (d. 1901)
  • 1835 Americus Vespucius Rice, American politician, banker, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perrysville, Ohio (d. 1904)
  • 1835 Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist/criminologist

Person of interestWilliam Schwenck Gilbert

1836 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan), born in London, England

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • 1839 August A Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)
  • 1845 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
  • 1846 Aloys, Liechtenstein nobleman/politician
  • 1856 Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1861 Dorothy Dix, pseudonym of US journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer (d. 1951)
  • 1863 Richard Dehmel, writer
  • 1869 James E Sullivan, founder (Amateur Athletic Union)
  • 1874 Carrie White, oldest US woman (dies Nov 1990 at 116)
  • 1874 Clarence Shepard Day, American author (Life with Father), born in NYC, New York
  • 1877 Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Wealth & welfare)
  • 1882 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas)
  • 1882 Wyndham Lewis, English author/painter (Tarr, Apes of God)
  • 1883 Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (d. 1981)
  • 1889 Maria Realino, [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao)
  • 1897 Patrick M S Blackett, British physicist (nuclear reaction, Nobel 1948)
  • 1898 Joris Ivens, Nijmegen Netherlands, director (Rain)
  • 1900 Constantin Alajalov, Russian artist (Ditters & Jitters)
  • 1900 Howard Thurman, theologian/author (Deep River, Deep in the Hunger)
  • 1900 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kiev, Ukraine

Person of interestGeorge Gallup

1901 George Gallup, American survey sampling pioneer and inventor of the Gallup poll, born in Jefferson, Iowa (d. 1984)

Inventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup
Inventor of the Gallup Poll
George Gallup
  • 1902 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish author (regional novels)
  • 1904 Theodore DN Besterman, British bibliographer
  • 1904 Jean Paul Lemieux, Quebec painter (d. 1990)

Person of interestGeorge Wald

1906 George Wald, American physiologist and biologist (Nobel Prize 1967, vitamin A in retina), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)

Scientist George Wald
George Wald
  • 1906 Klaus Mann, German/American author (Mephisto)/son of Thomas Mann
  • 1906 Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Halldis Vesaas-Moren, Norwegian author/poetess
  • 1908 Imogene Coca, comedienne (Your Show of Shows, Grindl), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1910 Friedrich Weinreb, Polish/Neth theologist/economist
  • 1911 Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Jaap Meijer, [Saul van Messel], Dutch historian/rabbi in Paramaribo
  • 1918 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Alfred William Bedford, test pilot
  • 1920 Mustafa Khalil, Prime Minister of Egypt (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Luis Somoza Debayle, President of Nicaragua (1956-63), born in León, Nicaragua (d. 1967)
  • 1922 Viktor Afanasiev, editor (Pravda)
  • 1922 Al Dvorin, American Elvis Presley concert announcer (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Ted Stevens, American politician
  • 1923 Alan Shepard, American astronaut and 1st American in space, born in Derry, New Hampshire (d. 1998)
  • 1924 Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Scottish jurist (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Kim Besly, Peace activist (Greenham Common) (d. 1996)
  • 1929 William Joseph "Pete" Knight, astronaut/test pilot (X-15)
  • 1934 Vassilis Vassilikos, Greek writer and ambassador
  • 1935 Frank Joseph Kofsky, teacher/writer
  • 1935 Rudolf Bahro, German dissident (d. 1997)
  • 1935 Rodney Hall, Australian author
  • 1939 John Cheek, Falkland Islands advocate

Person of interestMargaret Atwood

1939 Margaret Atwood, Canadian author/poet, born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • 1940 Qaboos bin Sa'id, Sultan of Oman
  • 1942 Linda Evans, actress (Dynasty, Big Valley, Beach Blanket Bingo), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1945 Wilma Mankiller, Native American activist, 1st woman chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • 1946 Alan Dean Foster, American sci-fi author (Midworld, Flinx in Flux)
  • 1948 Ural Nazibovich Sultanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1951 Mark N Brown, Valparaiso In, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 28, 48, 66)
  • 1951 Justin Raimondo, American author
  • 1952 Peter Beattie, Australian politician
  • 1953 Alan Moore, British comic book writer and novelist
  • 1954 Guy Innes-Ker duke of Roxburghe, English large landowner
  • 1957 Seán Mac Falls, Irish-born poet
  • 1957 J.C. Watts (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 4th district, in office Jan 3, 1995 - Jan 3, 2003
  • 1962 Vladimir Vladimirovich Karashtin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1966 Jorge Camacho, Spanish poet
  • 1970 Megyn Kelly, American television news anchor
  • 1983 Jon Johansen, Norwegian software developer
  • 1985 Christian Siriano, American fashion designer and Project Runway winner (season 4), born in Annapolis, Maryland

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1794 2nd Earl Grey Charles Grey (30) weds only daughter of 1st Baron Ponsonby Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey

HeartWedding of Interest

1948 KFC founder Colonel Sanders (58) weds his long-time employee Claudia Price

Businessman and Restaurateur Colonel Sanders
Businessman and Restaurateur
Colonel Sanders

HeartWedding of Interest

1966 Writer Jack Kerouac (44) weds Stella Kerouac

Writer Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac
  • 1995 Prince Joachim of Denmark (26) weds first wife Alexandra Christina Manley (31) at the Frederiksborg Palace Church in Denmark

Deaths in History

  • 942 Odo van Cluny, 2nd abbott of Cluny (924-42), dies
  • 1154 Adélaide de Maurienne, wife of Louis VI of France (b. 1092)
  • 1170 Albrecht I "Bear", 1st margrave of Brandenburg (1150-70), dies at 70
  • 1305 John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
  • 1559 Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
  • 1590 George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English statesman (b. 1528)
  • 1603 Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Juliana, dies at 61
  • 1630 Esaias van der Velde, Dutch painter, buried
  • 1724 Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese naturalist (b. 1685)
  • 1785 Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
  • 1797 Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1814 William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
  • 1827 Wilhelm Hauff, German writer, dies at 24
  • 1851 Ernst August, duke of Cumberland/king of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
  • 1854 Edward Forbes, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography, dies of an illness at 39
  • 1883 Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies

Person of interestChester A. Arthur

1886 Chester A. Arthur, 21st US President (1881-85), dies at 56

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1887 Gustav T Fechner, German psychologist/physicist, dies at 86
  • 1889 William Allingham, Irish poet (Day & Night Songs), dies at 68
  • 1904 Justus van Maurik, Dutch author and cigar manufacturer, dies at 58
  • 1909 Renee Vivien, British-born poet, wrote in French, dies at 32
  • 1911 Alfred Binet, French child psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test (Binet–Simon test), dies at 54
  • 1917 Henry Spiekman, social-democratic politician, dies at 43
  • 1919 Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse, anarchist (free socialist), dies
  • 1919 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), dies at 60
  • 1922 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), dies at 51
  • 1929 Henricus Van de Wetering, archbishop Utrecht (1895-1929), dies at 78
  • 1941 Walter H Nernst, German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
  • 1941 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (Labour Party), dies at 74
  • 1941 Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (b. 1879)
  • 1941 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel 1920), dies at 77
  • 1950 Gerardus van de Lion, Dutch minister of Education, dies at 60
  • 1951 Johan van Maarseveen, Dutch Minister of Justice and Internal minister, dies at 57
  • 1952 Paul Eluard, French communist/poet, dies at 56
  • 1959 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1962 Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre), dies at 63

Person of interestNiels Bohr

1962 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), dies at 77

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1965 Henry A Wallace, VP (1941-45)/founder (Progressive Party), dies at 77
  • 1966 Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer, dies
  • 1968 Walter Wanger, US producer (Cleopatra), dies at 74

Person of interestJoseph P. Kennedy

1969 Joseph P Kennedy, JFK/RFK/TMK father, dies in Hyannis Port Mass, at 81

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • 1976 Man Ray, US artist (Dada), dies at 86
  • 1977 Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (b. 1897)

Person of interestJim Jones

1978 Jim Jones, US pastor, leader of Jonestown Cult, commits suicide at 47

Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult
Jim Jones
  • 1978 Leo J Ryan, (Rep-Cal) & 4 killed in Jonestown, Guyana by members of Peoples Temple, followed by ritual mass suicide of 914 members
  • 1982 Heinar Kipphardt, German writer and playwright (In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer), dies at 60
  • 1984 Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (Pictorial Review, Good Housekeeping), dies at 77
  • 1989 Henry de Vries, painter/poet (Toovertuin), dies
  • 1991 Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslovakia (1975-89), dies at 78
  • 1992 Herman Musaph, psychiatrist/sexologist/co-founder (NVSH), dies
  • 1992 Superman, fictional character, killed by Doomsday at 54
  • 1994 Chris Joyce, photographer, dies at 51
  • 1995 Miron Grindea, literary editor, dies at 86
  • 1996 David Herbert, publisher, dies at 69
  • 1996 John Vassall, spy/civil servant, dies at 72
  • 1999 Patrick Bowles, American writer and translator, dies at 88
  • 1999 Paul Bowles, American novelist (The Sheltering Sky ), dies at 88
  • 2010 Brian G. Marsden, British astronomer (b. 1937)
  • 2015 Jim Slater, British financier and writer, dies at 86
  • 2016 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), dies at 96
  • 2017 Mother Flawless Sabrina [Jack Doroshow], American LGBT activist and drag queen who was a pioneer for transgender people and drag queens, dies at 78