On This Day

On This Day in History for November 18

Events in History

  • 326 Old St. Peter's Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th - 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica
  • 794 Japanese emperor Kammu deallocates residence of Nara to Kioto
  • 1105 Maginulf elected anti-Pope Silvester I
  • 1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
  • 1307 William Tell reputedly shoots apple off his son's head
  • 1421 Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands
  • 1424 Storm flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 1477 First English dated printed book "Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers" by William Caxton
  • 1494 French King Charles VIII occupies Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama reaches the Cape of Good Hope

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama

Papal VisitSt. Peter's Basilica

1626 St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated, replacing an earlier basilica on the same site and becoming the world's largest Christian basilica

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St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
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  • 1667 Treaty of Bongaja: King Hassan-Udin of Makasar & VOC
  • 1686 Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practising the surgery on several peasants.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1718 Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1738 France & Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1742 Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Carlisle

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1755 Worst quake in Massachusetts Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths reported
  • 1776 Hessians capture Ft Lee, NJ
  • 1787 First Unitarian minister in US ordained, Boston
  • 1803 Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • 1804 Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • 1805 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • 1820 Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
  • 1833 Netherlands & Belgium sign Treaty of Zonhoven

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1837 Letter by Göttingen Seven published protesting abolition of constitution of Kingdom of Hanover, by seven professors including Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

  • 1852 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • 1852 Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • 1861 The first provisional meeting of the Confederate Congress is held in Richmond, Virginia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1865 Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1874 National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • 1883 Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
  • 1883 Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
  • 1889 Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • 1893 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus

  • 1894 Richard Outcault's early comic strip "Origin of a New Species" published in World
  • 1899 Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
  • 1901 The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
  • 1902 Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names the teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt
  • 1903 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
  • 1904 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London

  • 1905 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
  • 1906 Langdon Mitchell's "New York Idea" premieres in NYC
  • 1906 Anarchists bomb St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
  • 1909 US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
  • 1911 Britain's first seaplane flies
  • 1912 Cholera breaks out in Constantinople, in the Ottoman Empire
  • 1913 Lincoln Deachey becomes the first American pilot to perform an aircraft loop-the-loop in his Curtiss aeroplane near San Diego

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million CasualtiesFive Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

1916 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

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Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Read Article
  • 1917 Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1918 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • 1918 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • 1920 Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1922 Turkish National Assembly nominates Abdul Medjid kalief
  • 1926 Pope Pius XI encyclical On persecution of Church in Mexico
  • 1926 George Bernard Shaw accepts the Nobel Prize for Literature but refuses the prize money, saying "I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."
  • 1929 Large earthquake in Atlantic breaks transatlantic cable in 28 places
  • 1930 Sōka Kyōiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1936 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
  • 1938 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 1939 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • 1939 The Irish Republican Army explodes three bombs in Piccadilly Circus
  • 1940 George Matesky, New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
  • 1941 British troops open attack on Tobruk, North Africa
  • 1941 Jerome Chodorov/Joseph Fields' "Junior Miss" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1942 Thornton Wilders "Skin of our Teeth" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 First US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
  • 1943 444 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1943 U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1949 The U.S. Air Force grounds B-29s after two crashes and 23 deaths in three days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 South Korean President Syngman Rhee forced to end mass executions

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1951 "See it Now" premieres on TV
  • 1951 British troops occupy Ismailiya, Egypt
  • 1953 Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) accept female suffrage
  • 1955 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • 1956 Morocco gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1957 Tunisia refuses Russian weapons
  • 1958 1st true reservoir in Jerusalem opens
  • 1958 Indians minority stockholders sell their stock to William Delay
  • 1959 Wash Senator Bob Allison wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1960 Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
  • 1963 Bell Telephone introduces the touch-tone telephone to customers in Pennsylvania
  • 1963 Dartford-Purfleet tunnel under River Thames opens
  • 1963 King Hassan II opens 1st parliament in Morocco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 J. Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as "most notorious liar"

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Twins SS Zoilo Versalles is named AL MVP
  • 1966 Sandy Koufax announces his retirement due to arthritic left elbow
  • 1966 US Roman Catholic bishops ends rules against eating meat on Fridays
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 British government devalues pound from US equivalent of $2.80 to $2.40
  • 1968 Soviets recover the Zond 6 spacecraft after a flight around the moon
  • 1969 Prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi assigned to the Tate and LaBianca murders, will eventually convict Charles Mason for orchestrating the killings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Linus Pauling declares large doses of Vitamin C could ward off colds

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling

Birthdays in History

  • 1522 Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman, born in La Hamaide, Ellezelles, Belgium (d. 1568)
  • 1527 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter and sculptor, born in Moneglia, Republic of Genoa (d. 1585)
  • 1584 Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1669)
  • 1630 Eleonora Gonzaga, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (1651-57), born in Mantua, Duchy of Mantua (d. 1686)
  • 1727 Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist, born in Châtillon-les-Dombes, France(d. 1773)
  • 1774 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (1815-37), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1837)
  • 1785 David Wilkie, British painter, born in Pitlessie Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)

Person of interestLouis-Jacques Daguerre

1787 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), born in Cormeilles-en-Parisis, France (d. 1851)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre

Person of interestSojourner Truth

1797 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883) [birth date is approximate]

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1803 Cornelis Broere, Dutch Roman Catholic priest and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 1860)
  • 1804 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (6th Prime Minister of Italy, 1864-66), born in Turin, French Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1810 Asa Gray, American botanist (Flora of North America), born in Sauquoit, New York (d. 1888)
  • 1810 Benjamin Stone Roberts, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Manchester, Vermont (d. 1875)
  • 1812 Jesse J. Finley, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Tennessee (d. 1904)
  • 1824 Franz Sigel, German teacher, newspaperman, politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1824 Isham Nicholas Hayne, American lawyer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Dover, Tennessee (d. 1868)
  • 1832 Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish explorer and mineralogist, born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1901)
  • 1835 Americus Vespucius Rice, American politician, banker, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perrysville, Ohio (d. 1904)

Person of interestWilliam Schwenck Gilbert

1836 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan), born in London, England

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • 1839 August Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1845 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
  • 1846 Prince Louis of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein nobleman and politician, born in Prague (d. 1920)
  • 1856 Nicholas Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia and general in World War I (1914-18), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1861 Dorothy Dix [Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer], American journalist and columnist, born in Woodstock, Tennessee (d. 1951)
  • 1863 Richard Dehmel, German poet and writer, born in Hermsdorf, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • 1874 Carrie White, oldest US woman (dies Nov 1990 at 116), born in Havana, Florida (d. 1991)
  • 1874 Clarence Day, American author (Life with Father), born in NYC, New York (d. 1935)
  • 1877 Arthur Cecil Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), born in Ryde, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1959)
  • 1882 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), born in Paris (d. 1973)
  • 1882 Wyndham Lewis, English author (Tarr, Apes of God) and co-founder of the Vorticist movement in art, born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1957)
  • 1883 Carl Vinson, American politician (38th Dean of the United States House of Representatives, 1961-65), born in Baldwin County, Georgia (d. 1981)
  • 1889 Maria Realino [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao) (d. 1977)
  • 1897 Patrick Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948 - nuclear reaction), born in London (d. 1974)
  • 1898 Joris Ivens, Dutch director (A Tale of the Wind, Rain), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1899 Howard Thurman, African-American theologian and author (Deep River, Deep is the Hunger), born in Daytona Beach, Florida (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Constantin Alajalov, Armenian-American artist (Ditters & Jitters), born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia (d. 1987)
  • 1900 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1982)

Person of interestGeorge Gallup

1901 George Gallup, American survey sampling pioneer and inventor of the Gallup poll, born in Jefferson, Iowa (d. 1984)

Inventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup
Inventor of the Gallup Poll
George Gallup
  • 1902 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish author (regional novels)
  • 1904 Jean Paul Lemieux, Canadian painter, born in Quebec (d. 1990)

Person of interestGeorge Wald

1906 George Wald, American physiologist and biologist (Nobel Prize 1967, vitamin A in retina), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)

Scientist George Wald
Scientist
George Wald
  • 1906 Klaus Mann, German-American author (Mephisto), born in Munich (d. 1949)
  • 1906 Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer (Mini), born in Smyrna, Ottoman Empire (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Halldis Moren Vesaas, Norwegian author and poet (Harp and Dagger), born in Trysil, Norway (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Imogene Coca, American comedienne (Your Show of Shows, Grindl), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Friedrich Weinreb, Polish economist and narrative author, born in Lemberg, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer, born in San Lazzaro Parmense, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Jaap Meijer, Dutch historian and rabbi in Paramaribo, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1918 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero, born in Nelson, Wales (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Bill Bedford, British test pilot (pioneered the development of V/STOL aircraft), born in Loughborough, England (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Mustafa Khalil, 40th Prime Minister of Egypt (1978-80), born in Al Qalyubiyah Governorate, Egypt (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Luis Somoza Debayle, President of Nicaragua (1956-63), born in León, Nicaragua (d. 1967)
  • 1922 Viktor Afanasyev, Soviet politician and editor (Pravda), born in Aktamysh, Tatar A.S.S.R., Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Ted Stevens, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1968-2009), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Alan Shepard, American astronaut and 1st American in space, born in Derry, New Hampshire (d. 1998)
  • 1924 Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, Scottish jurist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Kim Besly, Peace activist (Greenham Common) (d. 1996)
  • 1929 William J. Knight, American astronaut and test pilot (X-15), born in Noblesville, Indiana (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Vassilis Vassilikos, Greek writer (Z) and diplomat, born in Kavala, Greece
  • 1935 Rudolf Bahro, German dissident (d. 1997)
  • 1935 Rodney Hall, Australian author
  • 1939 John Cheek, Falkland Islands advocate

Person of interestMargaret Atwood

1939 Margaret Atwood, Canadian author/poet, born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • 1940 Qaboos bin Said al Said, Omani politician and Sultan of Oman (1970-present), born in Salalah, Oman
  • 1942 Linda Evans, actress (Dynasty, Big Valley, Beach Blanket Bingo), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1945 Wilma Mankiller, Native American activist, 1st woman chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • 1946 Alan Dean Foster, American sci-fi author (Midworld, Flinx in Flux)
  • 1948 Ural Nazibovich Sultanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1951 Mark N Brown, Valparaiso In, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 28, 48, 66)
  • 1951 Justin Raimondo, American author (Antiwar.com), born in White Plains, New York
  • 1952 Peter Beattie, Australian politician
  • 1953 Alan Moore, British comic book writer and novelist
  • 1957 Seán Mac Falls, Irish-born poet
  • 1957 J.C. Watts (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 4th district, in office Jan 3, 1995 - Jan 3, 2003
  • 1962 Vladimir Vladimirovich Karashtin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1966 Jorge Camacho, Spanish poet
  • 1970 Peter Dutton, Australian politician, Minister for Home Affairs (2017-18), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1983 Jon Johansen, Norwegian software developer
  • 1985 Christian Siriano, American fashion designer and Project Runway winner (season 4), born in Annapolis, Maryland

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1794 2nd Earl Grey Charles Grey (30) weds only daughter of 1st Baron Ponsonby Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey

LoveWedding of Interest

1948 KFC founder Colonel Sanders (58) weds his long-time employee Claudia Price

Businessman and Restaurateur Colonel Sanders
Businessman and Restaurateur
Colonel Sanders

LoveWedding of Interest

1966 Writer Jack Kerouac (44) weds Stella Sampas

Writer Jack Kerouac
Writer
Jack Kerouac
  • 1995 Prince Joachim of Denmark (26) weds first wife Alexandra Christina Manley (31) at the Frederiksborg Palace Church in Denmark

Deaths in History

  • 942 Odo van Cluny, 2nd abbott of Cluny (924-42), dies
  • 1154 Adélaide de Maurienne, wife of Louis VI of France (b. 1092)
  • 1170 Albrecht I "Bear", 1st margrave of Brandenburg (1150-70), dies at 70
  • 1305 John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
  • 1559 Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
  • 1590 George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English statesman (b. 1528)
  • 1603 Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Willem & Juliana van Stolberg, dies at 61
  • 1630 Esaias van der Velde, Dutch painter, buried
  • 1724 Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese naturalist (b. 1685)
  • 1785 Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
  • 1797 Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1814 William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
  • 1827 Wilhelm Hauff, German writer, dies at 24
  • 1851 Ernst August, duke of Cumberland/king of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
  • 1854 Edward Forbes, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography, dies of an illness at 39
  • 1883 Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies

Person of interestChester A. Arthur

1886 Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (1881-85), dies at 57

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1887 Gustav Fechner, German psychologist and physicist (Weber–Fechner law), dies at 86
  • 1889 William Allingham, Irish poet (Day & Night Songs), dies at 68
  • 1904 Justus van Maurik, Dutch author and cigar manufacturer, dies at 58
  • 1909 Renee Vivien, British-born poet, wrote in French, dies at 32
  • 1917 Henry Spiekman, social-democratic politician, dies at 43
  • 1919 Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse, anarchist (free socialist), dies
  • 1919 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), dies at 60
  • 1922 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), dies at 51
  • 1929 Henricus van de Wetering, Archbishop of Utrecht (1895-1929), dies at 78
  • 1941 Walter H Nernst, German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77
  • 1941 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (Labour Party), dies at 74
  • 1941 Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (b. 1879)
  • 1941 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel 1920), dies at 77
  • 1950 Gerardus van de Lion, Dutch minister of Education, dies at 60
  • 1951 Johan van Maarseveen, Dutch Minister of Justice and Internal minister, dies at 57
  • 1952 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, dies at 56
  • 1959 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1962 Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre), dies at 63

Person of interestNiels Bohr

1962 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist who expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), dies at 77

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1965 Henry A Wallace, VP (1941-45)/founder (Progressive Party), dies at 77
  • 1966 Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer, dies
  • 1968 Walter Wanger, US producer (Cleopatra), dies at 74

Person of interestJoseph P. Kennedy

1969 Joseph P. Kennedy, father of JFK, RFK, TMK, dies in Hyannis Port, at 81

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • 1976 Man Ray, American artist (Dada), dies at 86
  • 1977 Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (Dictator of the Austrian Federal State), dies at 79

Person of interestJim Jones

1978 Jim Jones, US pastor, leader of Jonestown Cult, commits suicide at 47

Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult
Jim Jones
  • 1978 Leo J Ryan, (Rep-Cal) & 4 killed in Jonestown, Guyana by members of Peoples Temple, followed by ritual mass suicide of 914 members
  • 1978 Leo Ryan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), assassinated at 53 in Jonestown, Guyana
  • 1982 Heinar Kipphardt, German writer and playwright (In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer), dies at 60
  • 1984 Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (Pictorial Review, Good Housekeeping), dies at 77
  • 1989 Henry de Vries, painter/poet (Toovertuin), dies
  • 1991 Gustav Husak, president of Czechoslovakia (1975-89), dies at 78
  • 1992 Herman Musaph, psychiatrist/sexologist/co-founder (NVSH), dies
  • 1992 Superman, fictional character, killed by Doomsday at 54
  • 1994 Christopher Joyce, British photographer, dies at 51
  • 1995 Miron Grindea, literary editor, dies at 86
  • 1996 David Herbert, publisher, dies at 69
  • 1996 John Vassall, British spy and civil servant (spied for Soviet Union), dies at 72
  • 1999 Patrick Bowles, American writer and translator, dies at 88
  • 1999 Paul Bowles, American novelist (The Sheltering Sky), dies at 88
  • 2009 Bill Narum, American artist and counter-culture figure (ZZ Top band artist), dies at 62
  • 2010 Brian G. Marsden, British astronomer (b. 1937)
  • 2015 Jim Slater, British financier and writer, dies at 86
  • 2016 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artificial heart transplant), dies at 96
  • 2017 Mother Flawless Sabrina [Jack Doroshow], American LGBT activist and drag queen who was a pioneer for transgender people and drag queens, dies at 78
  • 2018 Jerry Frankel, American Broadway producer, dies at 88