On This Day

On This Day in History for November 19

Events in History

  • 461 St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1274 Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated; a typhoon destroys most of their fleet as they withdraw
  • 1367 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1521 Battle at Milan: Emperor Karel V's/pontifical/Spanish/German troops beat France & occupy Milan
  • 1523 Giulio de' Medici chosen as Pope Clemens VII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1544 Pope Paul III opens council of Trente

Counter-Reformation Pope Julius III
Counter-Reformation Pope
Julius III

Murder of InterestIvan the Terrible Kills His Son

1581 Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich dies after being attacked by his father Ivan the Terrible three days earlier

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The painting
The painting "Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan" by Russian painter Ilya Repin
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  • 1620 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast
  • 1621 Rabbi Isaiah ben Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
  • 1644 First protestant ministry society in New England
  • 1794 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • 1794 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1798 Dutch Rijksmuseum founded in the Hague (moved to Amsterdam 1808)

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1805 Lewis and Clark expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
Interpreter and Guide Sacagawea
Interpreter and Guide
  • 1816 Warsaw University is established.
  • 1824 Storm causes flooding in St Petersburg, killing 10,000
  • 1835 A ship carrying 500 armed Maori from Ngati Tama and Ngati Mutunga arrives on the Chatham Islands; those Moriori (indigenous people of the Chatham Islands) that are not killed are enslaved
  • 1837 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • 1861 Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • 1861 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts

Words That Echoed Down The DecadesWords That Echoed Down The Decades

1863 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score and seven years ago..."

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Hatless, centre, Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg  Address
Hatless, centre, Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address
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  • 1872 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed
  • 1873 James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation
  • 1879 National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • 1881 A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 1885 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • 1893 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • 1894 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap)
  • 1894 Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • 1895 American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • 1903 Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
  • 1905 The steamer "Hilda" sinks in the English Channel (100 people drown)
  • 1909 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • 1910 Ferenc Molnàr's "Tester" premieres in Budapest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1919 US Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 to 39; Congress two years later approves resolution ending hostilities with Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1922 Demonstration for a French Language University in Ghent
  • 1923 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures
  • 1926 British miners' strike ends after 28 weeks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Shaft & Thyssen demand Adolf Hitler become German chancellor

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • 1939 Comic superheroes Flash (as Jay Garrick) and Hawkman (Carter Hall) first appear in "Flash Comics No. 1" published by DC
  • 1940 Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Netherlands"

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1942 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • 1942 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • 1943 U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1947 200" mirror arrives at Mt Palomar

CrownRoyal Coronation

1949 Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco

Prince of Monaco Rainier III
Prince of Monaco
Rainier III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH
  • 1952 Spain joins UNESCO
  • 1952 Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US VP Richard Nixon visits Hanoi

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1955 National Review publishes its first issue.
  • 1957 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1958 First 2 F-27 Fokker's Friendships delivered on Aer Lingus
  • 1959 Ford Motors cancels its poorly received Edsel model
  • 1960 Mickey Vernon is hired as 1st manager of new Washington team
  • 1961 Houston George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Titans (49-13)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Fidel Castro accepts removal of Soviet weapons

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 SN Behrman's "Lord Pengo" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Todor Zjivkov becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1965 Kellogg's Pop Tarts pastries created
  • 1966 Mad Dog Vachon beats Dick The Bruiser in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1968 Military coup in Mali, president Modibo Keita flees
  • 1969 Apollo 12's Charles Conrad and Alan Bean become the 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory becomes a Californian state historical landmark
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 Gershwin Theater (Uris) opens at 1633 Broadway NYC

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1972 Willy Brandt's SPD wins West German election

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1972 Leader of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) Seán MacStiofáin is arrested in Dublin
  • 1973 Elections in Suriname, premier Sedney's PNP doesn't win a chair
  • 1973 New York stock market takes sharpest drop in 19 years
  • 1976 Patty Hearst is freed on $15 million bail
  • 1976 Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1977 Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1981 U.S. Steel agrees to pay $6.3 billion for Marathon Oil
  • 1984 Liquid gas tank in Mexico City explodes; 334 die
  • 1985 Herb Gardner's "I'm Not Rappaport" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1985 In the largest civil verdict in US history, Pennzoil wins $10.53 billion judgement against Texaco
  • 1986 Tina Howe's "Coastal Disturbances" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 France performs nuclear test
  • 1990 Greyhound files reoganization plan so they can be traded publicly
  • 1993 Algerian Muslim fundamentalists uprising, 27 killed
  • 1993 Curacaose vote to remain part of Dutch Antilles
  • 1995 Keelin Curnuck, 23, Ms Venus Swimwear 1994, crowned Miss NY USA
  • 1995 Suicide bomber blasts into Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, kills 16
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 80 (Columbia 21), launches into space
  • 1996 The case of the Port Arthur massacre comes to trial.

Birthdays in History

  • 1462 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara, 104th Emperor of Japan (1500-26) (d. 1526)
  • 1563 Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman, born in Penshurst, Kent, England (d. 1626)
  • 1597 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress consort of Brandenburg as the wife of George William, born in Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Bavaria (d. 1660)

Person of interestCharles I

1600 Charles I, King of England (1625-49) who was executed by Parliament, born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland (d. 1649)

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1600 Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian (Matters of State & War), born in Dokkum, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1669)
  • 1607 Erasmus Quellinus II, Flemish painter and etcher, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1678)
  • 1617 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), born in Paris (d. 1655)
  • 1700 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French clergyman and physicist (discovery of osmosis), born in Pimprez, Kingdom of France (d. 1770)
  • 1711 Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scholar and poet, born in Mishaninskaya, Archangelgorod Governorate, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1765)
  • 1722 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (invented percussion as a diagnostic technique), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1809)
  • 1722 Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania, born in Anne Arundel County, Maryland (d. 1810)
  • 1752 George Rogers Clark, American frontier military leader in Revolutionary War, born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1818)
  • 1770 Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (Dying Lion), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1844)
  • 1799 René Caillé, French explorer and the first European to return alive from the town of Timbuktu, born in Mauzé-sur-le-Mignon, Deux-Sèvres, France (d. 1838)
  • 1802 Solomon Foot, American politician (U.S. Senator from Vermont, 1851-66) and attorney, born in Cornwall, Vermont (d. 1866)
  • 1805 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), born in Versailles, French Empire (d. 1894)
  • 1810 August Willich, Prussian-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Braunsberg, Province of East Prussia (d. 1878)
  • 1811 John Ancrum Winslow, American naval officer (Mexican–American War), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1873)
  • 1812 Karl Schwarz, German theologian, born in Wiek, Rügen, Germany (d. 1885)
  • 1827 Isaac M. St. John, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1880)

Person of interestJames Garfield

1831 James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), born in Moreland Hills, Ohio (d. 1881)

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1833 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), born in Wiesbaden-Biebrich, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1834 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke), born in Frankfurt-on-Oder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1924)
  • 1835 Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army) and 40th Governor of Virginia, born in Fairfax County, Virginia (d. 1905)
  • 1835 Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India and leader of the Indian Mutiny (1857-58), born in Benares, Kingdom of Kashi-Benares (Varanasi) (d. 1858)
  • 1840 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), born in Shustyanka, Dvinsk, Russia (d. 1901)
  • 1843 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Emile Wauters, Belgian painter (Van der Goes in the Red Monastery), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1933)
  • 1862 Billy Sunday, American evangelist (revivals and sermons reflected the emotional upheavals caused by transition from rural to industrial society in the United States), born in Story County, Iowa (d. 1935)
  • 1875 Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestHiram Bingham

1875 Hiram Bingham, American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1956)

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham
  • 1876 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • 1879 Karel van den Oever, Flemish author and poet (Geuzenstad), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1886 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent), born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • 1887 James B. Sumner, American chemist (Nobel 1946 - discovered that enzymes can be crystallized), born in Canton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • 1892 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, born in Rowen, Wales (d. 1970)
  • 1894 Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician (13th President of Portugal 1958-74), born in Lisbon (d. 1987)
  • 1895 Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American fashion photographer, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1989)
  • 1897 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1918)
  • 1898 Arthur R. von Hippel, German physicist (pioneer in the study of dielectrics, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials, and semiconductors and was a codeveloper of radar during World War II), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1899 Allen Tate, American poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, born in Khoy, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Anna Seghers [Netty Reiling], German author (The 7th Cross), born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1903 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), born in Porta Westfalica, Westphalia, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1904 Jacob "Jaap" Nanninga, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • 1904 Nathan Leopold, American murderer of Bobby Franks with Richard Loeb, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • 1907 Luc Tourneir [Christian J. H. Engles] Netherland-Curaçaon poet, artist, and doctor, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Jack Schaefer, American author (Shane), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Rose Isabel Williams, sister of Tennessee Williams, born in Gulfport, Mississippi (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Peter Drucker, Austrian-American management theorist, born in Kaasgraben, Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 2005)
  • 1910 Adrian Conan Doyle, youngest son of Arthur Conan Doyle, born in Windlesham, Crowborough, Sussex (d. 1970)
  • 1912 George E. Palade, Romanian-American cell biologist (ribosomen, Nobel 1974), born in Iași, Romania (d. 2008)

Person of interestIndira Gandhi

1917 Indira Gandhi, 4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), born in Allahabad India (d. 1984)

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1918 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch astronomer (correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Peter Ruckman, American Baptist minister and founder of Pensacola Bible Institute in Pensacola, Florida, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Stanley Keith Runcorn, British geophysicist (pioneering studies of paleomagnetism provided early evidence in support of the theory of continental drift), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Yuri Knorozov, Russian epigrapher (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Zygmunt Bauman, Polish-born sociologist (Modernity and the Holocaust), born in Poznań (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Jeane J Kirkpatrick, US ambassador to UN (R), born in Duncan, Oklahoma
  • 1933 Jerry Sheindlin, American jurist; husband of Judith Sheindlin

Person of interestJack Welch

1935 Jack Welch, American businessman and CEO of General Electric (GE), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 2020)

Businessman and CEO of GE Jack Welch
Businessman and CEO of GE
Jack Welch
  • 1935 Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian imam (d. 1990)
  • 1936 Dick Cavett, Kearney Neb, talk show host (Dick Cavett Show)
  • 1936 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1939 Thomas Harkin, (Sen-D-Iowa, 1985- )
  • 1941 Tommy Thompson, American politician (42nd Governor of Wisconsin), born in Elroy, Wisconsin

Person of interestCalvin Klein

1942 Calvin Klein, American fashion designer (Calvin Klein Jeans, CK), born in The Bronx, New York

Fashion Designer Calvin Klein
Fashion Designer
Calvin Klein
  • 1942 Gary L Ackerman, (Rep-D-NY, 1983- )
  • 1942 Sharon Olds, American poet
  • 1947 Lamar Smith, American politician (Rep-R-Texas 1987-2019), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1949 Mickey Lee Davis Jr, Tenn, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1951 Timothy J Penny, American politician (Rep-D-MN, 1983-95), born in Albert Lea, Minnesota
  • 1951 Lord Falconer of Thoroton, British lawyer and politician
  • 1954 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 6th President of Egypt (2014-present), born in Zagazig, Cairo
  • 1955 Gloria Guida, Merano Italy, Miss Teenage Italy (1974)
  • 1956 Eileen Marie Collins, Elmira NY, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 63, 84)
  • 1956 Ann Curry, American journalist
  • 1957 Kathy Sanborn, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1957 Sharon Farrah, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1959 Jean-Francois Clervoy, Longeville France, astronaut (STS 66, 84)
  • 1963 Zsuzsanna Jánosi, Hungarian fencer
  • 1966 Rocco DiSpirito, American chef
  • 1973 Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer (Bring in 'da Noise), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1973 Ryukishi07, Japanese mystery writer
  • 1973 Takashi Matsumoto, Japanese photographer and business person

Person of interestJack Dorsey

1976 Jack Dorsey, American computer programmer, co-founder of Twitter, born in St. Louis, Missouri

Tech Entrepreneur and Co-founder of Twitter Jack Dorsey
Tech Entrepreneur and Co-founder of Twitter
Jack Dorsey
  • 1977 Lady Davina EAB Windsor, daughter of English prince Richard
  • 1979 Barry Jenkins, American director and writer (Medicine for Melancholy, Moonlight), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1997 Alexis May McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (2)
  • 1997 Brandon James McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (5)
  • 1997 Joel Steven McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (7)
  • 1997 Kelsey Ann McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (4)
  • 1997 Kenneth Robert McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (1)
  • 1997 Natalie Sue McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (3)
  • 1997 Nathaniel Roy McCaughey, Iowa, septuplets (6)
  • 2009 Prince Gaston d'Orléans

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1834 US Congressman and future US President Franklin Pierce (29) weds Jane Appleton (28) at her grandparents' home in Amherst, New Hampshire

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce

LoveWedding of Interest

1923 Architect Frank Lloyd Wright (56) weds artist Maude Noel

LoveWedding of Interest

1999 Motorcycle daredevil Evel Knievel (61) weds Krystal Kennedy at Caesars Palace hotel in Las Vegas

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel

Deaths in History

  • 498 Anastasius II, Pope (496-8) dies. Referred to by Dante in his Inferno XI, 8-9
  • 1272 David of Augsburg, Franciscan minister/author, dies
  • 1316 Jean I, King of France and Navarre, (Nov 15-19, 1316), dies at 5 days old
  • 1389 Dimitri Ivanovitch "Donskoi", monarch of Vladimir-Soezdal, dies at 39
  • 1472 Bessarion, Catholic bishop and famed Greek scholar (revived work of Plato), dies
  • 1478 Emperor Baeda Maryam of Ethiopia (b. 1448)
  • 1495 Alfonso II, King of Naples (1494-95), dies
  • 1557 Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • 1577 Matsunaga Hisahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1649 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar and controversialist, dies at 73
  • 1665 Nicholas Poussin, French painter, dies
  • 1672 John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (b. 1614)
  • 1692 Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief (Colors), dies
  • 1692 Thomas Shadwell, English poet and playwright (2nd Poet Laureate 1689-92), dies at about 50
  • 1703 Man in the Iron Mask, prisoner in Bastille prison in Paris, dies
  • 1719 Jean Deutz, merchant and Amsterdam regent, dies at 64
  • 1723 Antoine Nompar de Caumont, French courtier and soldier (b. 1632)
  • 1772 William Nelson, American colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1711)
  • 1773 James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician, dies at 51

BattleWolfe Tone

1798 Wolfe Tone, Irish republican and revolutionary figure (United Irishmen), dies at 35 in unclear circumstances on the day he was to be hanged

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • 1806 Shah Alam II, 17th Mughal Emperor (1760-1806), dies at 78
  • 1822 Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1850 Richard Mentor Johnson, American politician (b. 1780)
  • 1868 Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)
  • 1880 Bernard ter Haar, Dutch poet (Herbert and Clara) and church historian, dies at 74
  • 1883 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), dies at 60

Person of interestEmma Lazarus

1887 Emma Lazarus, American poet ("Give us your tired & poor"), dies in New York at 38

  • 1897 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • 1899 John William Dawson, Canadian geologist, dies at 79
  • 1910 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), dies at 74
  • 1911 Ramon Caceres, President of the Dominican Republic (1906-11), murdered at 44
  • 1915 Solomon Schechter, Moldavian-American Talmudic scholar and rabbi, dies at about 64
  • 1923 Frans Netscher, Dutch author and journalist (In 3rd Chamber), dies at 59
  • 1924 Lee Stack, British sirdar in Egypt/gov-gen of Sudan, murdered
  • 1931 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (b. 1897)
  • 1932 Marie MJ Poupelet, French sculptor/poster artist, dies
  • 1933 Enrique José Varona, Cuban author, dies at 84
  • 1936 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchists army leader, dies in battle
  • 1938 Lev Shestov, Russian existentialist philosopher, dies at 72
  • 1940 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist, dies at 75
  • 1942 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), shot and killed by German Nazi at 50
  • 1948 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), dies at 52
  • 1949 James Ensor, Flemish painter and etcher (Oestereetster), dies at 89
  • 1954 Walter Bartley Wilson, founding member of Cardiff City F.C. (b. 1870)
  • 1959 Edward C. Tolman, American psychologist (behaviorism), dies at 73
  • 1959 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal, dies at 67
  • 1961 Dorothy Heyward, American playwright (Porgy), dies at 71
  • 1967 Charles J. Watters, US Army chaplain, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1927)
  • 1967 João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian writer (The Devil to Pay in the Backlands), dies at 59
  • 1974 Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (Harriet the Spy), dies at 46
  • 1975 Roger D. Branigin, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1976 Basil Spence, British architect, dies at 69
  • 1981 Griffiths Mxenge, South Afr's anti-apartheid advocate, murdered
  • 1982 Erving Goffman, American sociologist (Asylums), dies at 60
  • 1983 Reinout Willem van Bemmelen, Dutch geologist, dies at 79
  • 1984 George D Aiken, (Sen-R-Vt, 1941-75), dies at 92
  • 1988 Christine Onassis, heiress, dies of heart failure at 37
  • 1990 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War), dies at 89
  • 1990 Georgy Nikolaevich Flerov, Russian Physicist (nuclear fission), dies at 77
  • 1992 Dorothy Walker Bush, mother of President George H. W. Bush, dies at 91
  • 1994 Julian Gustave Symons, British crime writer and poet, dies at 82
  • 1994 Li Yuan Artist-chia, dies at 65
  • 1995 Gwen Swire, socila worker, dies at 61
  • 1996 Denis Jenkinson, journalist, dies at 74
  • 1996 Ian Powell Bancroft, civil servant, dies at 73
  • 1996 Krishnarao Shiva Shelvankar, journalist/diplomat, dies at 90
  • 1997 Christina Corrigan, obese girl (680 lbs), dies at 13
  • 1997 Durlyn Eddmonds, murderer, executed at 45
  • 1997 Walter Stewart, murderer, executed at 42
  • 1998 Ted Fujita, Japanese-born American meteorologist (b. 1920)
  • 1999 Alexander Liberman, Russian-American magazine editor, painter and photographer (639), dies at 87
  • 2001 Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (b. 1924)
  • 2004 Piet Esser, Dutch sculptor (b. 1914)
  • 2004 John R. Vane, English pharmacologist (Nobel 1982), dies at 77
  • 2006 Edward Ford, courtier in the Royal Household of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II, dies at 96
  • 2011 Michael Hastings, British playwright, dies at 74
  • 2012 Boris Strugatsky, Soviet-Russian science fiction author (Tale of Troika), dies at 79
  • 2012 Warren Rudman, American politician (Sen-R-NH, 1980-93), dies at 82
  • 2013 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (Sanger sequencing, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), dies at 95
  • 2013 Charlotte Zolotow, American author and publisher of children's books (When the Wind Stops), dies at 98

Person of interestCharles Manson

2017 Charles Manson, American criminal, murderer and cult leader (Manson Family), dies of natural causes at 83

Murderer Charles Manson
Charles Manson